18/01/2017 World News Today


18/01/2017

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This is BBC News with me Clive Myrie - the headlines.

:00:08.:00:17.

I'm at the White House where journalists have packed

:00:18.:00:28.

the briefing room for their last chance to question President Obama

:00:29.:00:30.

On a visit to India, Britain's Foreign Secretary warns EU

:00:31.:00:34.

leaders not to penalise the UK over Brexit.

:00:35.:00:36.

If Mr Hollande wants to administer punishment beatings to anybody

:00:37.:00:39.

who chooses to escape rather in the manner of some sort

:00:40.:00:41.

of World War II movie then, you know, I don't think

:00:42.:00:44.

Meanwhile European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker

:00:45.:00:52.

promises to seek a "balanced" Brexit deal - but warns

:00:53.:00:55.

We want a fair deal with Britain and a fair day for Britain

:00:56.:01:01.

but a fair deal means a fair deal for the European Union too.

:01:02.:01:05.

Thousands of Gambians and foreign tourists flee the country

:01:06.:01:08.

due to political unrest after the President

:01:09.:01:10.

Also this hour, record breaking temperatures

:01:11.:01:16.

Scientists say it's due to climate change -

:01:17.:01:25.

Good evening and welcome to BBC News.

:01:26.:01:51.

It's just two days until Donald Trump becomes the 45th president

:01:52.:01:53.

In the next few minutes, the current occupant

:01:54.:01:57.

of the White House, Barack Obama, will be holding his final news

:01:58.:02:00.

President Obama is expected to use the news conference

:02:01.:02:07.

to defend his decision yesterday to shorten the sentence

:02:08.:02:08.

of Chelsea Manning, the former US soldier convicted of revealing

:02:09.:02:11.

Our State Department Correspondent Barbara

:02:12.:02:23.

The front part of the conference is likely to be dominated by the

:02:24.:02:33.

commutation of that sentence for Chelsea Manning. I think so, there

:02:34.:02:38.

have been questions about that and critics in the Republican party have

:02:39.:02:42.

said it was the wrong decision and it was the largest leak of US

:02:43.:02:47.

classified material ever and it put lives and American interests at risk

:02:48.:02:51.

and to shorten the sentence and released Chelsea Manning sent the

:02:52.:02:57.

dangers message for those who also want to leak dangerous or classified

:02:58.:03:00.

material. President Obama will likely be asked about that and is

:03:01.:03:06.

likely to defend his decision. White House officials have said Chelsea

:03:07.:03:09.

Manning went through a trial and was convicted and punished and spent

:03:10.:03:14.

time in jail and has taken responsibility and expressed regret

:03:15.:03:20.

and should therefore be released. Also taking into consideration her

:03:21.:03:25.

emotional and mental health, a transgender woman in a male person

:03:26.:03:29.

trying to go through a gender change for the game critics have said you

:03:30.:03:33.

should not treat a traitor like a martyr. That will take up a large

:03:34.:03:41.

chunk of it and you assume he will also be defending his record. He

:03:42.:03:47.

probably will, although he has done that quite copiously in the past

:03:48.:03:51.

weeks. He had a speech where he did that, a press conference in

:03:52.:03:57.

December, he has given many interviews to US and international

:03:58.:04:01.

news outlets so in terms of legacy issues I think many of the questions

:04:02.:04:05.

from journalists will be about this kind of hard news. But they will be

:04:06.:04:10.

aware that this is their last outing with the president and that tomorrow

:04:11.:04:13.

is the last day that he and his staffers are cleaning up their

:04:14.:04:16.

desks. They have to be gone by midnight. To be ready for the new

:04:17.:04:21.

Trump administration on Friday. So there is a sense of the last moments

:04:22.:04:27.

with President Obama and concerning questions about what they will face

:04:28.:04:30.

in the press briefing room if indeed there will be press briefings in the

:04:31.:04:34.

same way under Donald Trump. The press have been, they have had the

:04:35.:04:41.

ear of the president for the past eight years or so. It seems to be

:04:42.:04:45.

the case that President Trump when he becomes president is not going to

:04:46.:04:50.

be itself forthcoming with his press conferences. Do you expect President

:04:51.:04:55.

Obama two are to that? He might do if he is asked about it. The Obama

:04:56.:05:02.

administration ran a pretty tight ship on information and was not as

:05:03.:05:10.

transparent as promised. But he has held some 163 press conferences. And

:05:11.:05:13.

regular daily press briefings with jealous in the White House, where

:05:14.:05:18.

they are able to speak to senior officials. The Trump administration

:05:19.:05:23.

has been tossed around different ideas, we do not know exactly what

:05:24.:05:27.

is going to happen but we do know that Mr Trump has not liked to give

:05:28.:05:33.

press conferences in the past. His team have said they would perhaps

:05:34.:05:38.

love the press to a nearby location amongst other things. So there is

:05:39.:05:42.

concern. It could come up today, we will see. Thank you for that. We

:05:43.:05:52.

will of course be renewed that conference live. -- bring you.

:05:53.:06:00.

EU leaders meeting in Strasbourg have been

:06:01.:06:02.

giving their first reaction to Theresa May's Brexit speech.

:06:03.:06:04.

The prime minister of Malta, which holds the EU presidency,

:06:05.:06:06.

said any deal had to be inferior to the relationship Britain

:06:07.:06:09.

With both British and EU politicians trying not to antagonise each other

:06:10.:06:13.

Boris Johnson has been blamed for doing the opposite.

:06:14.:06:16.

He's been accused of comparing France's President

:06:17.:06:19.

Our political editor Laura Kuennsberg explains.

:06:20.:06:23.

Watch out chaps, I'm worried about you falling over.

:06:24.:06:25.

Watch out, Foreign Secretary, more like.

:06:26.:06:28.

It is his job to wins friends and influence around the world.

:06:29.:06:30.

But as the delicate process of leaving the EU begins,

:06:31.:06:37.

rather indelicate words about our old friends

:06:38.:06:39.

If Mr Hollande wants to administer punishment beatings to anybody

:06:40.:06:47.

who chooses to escape, rather in the manner of some

:06:48.:06:49.

World War II movie, I don't think that is the way forward.

:06:50.:06:56.

I think it is not in the interests of our friends and our partners.

:06:57.:07:02.

From thousands of miles away, he was slammed as crass.

:07:03.:07:07.

Not exactly what you would expect from a Foreign Minister,

:07:08.:07:09.

Awkward, when back home the Prime Minister is urging

:07:10.:07:14.

The point he made was a reasonable one, but the language has to be

:07:15.:07:20.

extremely careful in dealing with colleagues and friends.

:07:21.:07:22.

He comes up with these extraordinary phrases

:07:23.:07:26.

Boris Johnson's team says he was just making the point thatit

:07:27.:07:31.

makes no sense for the rest of the EU to treat Britain harshly.

:07:32.:07:34.

But only yesterday, Theresa May publicly reminded ministers

:07:35.:07:37.

here at home of the need for discipline and with a difficult

:07:38.:07:40.

deal ahead, Britain needs all the friends it has.

:07:41.:07:44.

Language matters, but it is the words and attitudes of European

:07:45.:07:48.

Yesterday, the Prime Minister appealed to her EU counterparts,

:07:49.:07:54.

urging them to behave as good friends, even as we leave.

:07:55.:07:58.

The arch European Jean-Claude Juncker, who leads the Commission

:07:59.:08:00.

that will manage the deal was suing for peace.

:08:01.:08:05.

We want a fair deal with Britain and a fair deal for Britain,

:08:06.:08:10.

but a fair deal means a fair deal for the European Union.

:08:11.:08:13.

Yet Europe's leaders are in no mood to let Britain divide and conquer.

:08:14.:08:16.

Their goal right now is sticking together.

:08:17.:08:20.

We now have a clearer idea of what Britain wants,

:08:21.:08:23.

Angela Merkel said, the most important thing is that

:08:24.:08:25.

And in public and private, this is the reality.

:08:26.:08:33.

Whatever the UK asks for, the rest of the EU will not do

:08:34.:08:35.

a deal where the terms of trade are as cushy outside as in.

:08:36.:08:41.

We want a fair deal for the United Kingdom,

:08:42.:08:47.

but that deal necessarily needs to be inferior to membership.

:08:48.:08:52.

She may smile, her speech yesterday pleased most of her party,

:08:53.:08:58.

but Theresa May is still under attack for not giving

:08:59.:09:01.

It is not so much the Iron Lady as the Irony Lady.

:09:02.:09:07.

Next Tuesday it is over to the courts, who could force

:09:08.:09:15.

the government to give detail, more detail, to Parliament,

:09:16.:09:19.

before the technical process of extricating ourselves

:09:20.:09:21.

In these negotiations it will not always seem that

:09:22.:09:30.

Our Europe correspondent Damian Grammaticas is in Strasbourg.

:09:31.:09:48.

It is interesting, the comments by Boris Johnson, although some

:09:49.:09:50.

here see them as at best insensitive and at worst offensive,

:09:51.:09:53.

have not made a big impact because here the view

:09:54.:09:57.

is there are serious issues at stake and the important thing to be

:09:58.:10:03.

remembered is what they are saying is the UK needs to understand

:10:04.:10:06.

it is trying to achieve unprecedented things.

:10:07.:10:12.

Theresa May wants a free-trade deal and an unprecedented amount

:10:13.:10:17.

of time within two years and for that she needs

:10:18.:10:18.

goodwill on behalf of the negotiating partners here.

:10:19.:10:23.

What the Maltese Prime Minister who will chair the EU countries said

:10:24.:10:27.

was that Theresa May had made a political decision

:10:28.:10:31.

to prioritise stopping the free movement of people,

:10:32.:10:35.

and the UK leaving the single market would not achieve

:10:36.:10:38.

Angela Merkel clear, saying outside the EU,

:10:39.:10:47.

the UK could not cherry pick because from the EU perspective,

:10:48.:10:52.

any deal would not offer benefits that would make any other country

:10:53.:10:56.

want also to follow the same path outside the EU and from the EU point

:10:57.:11:00.

of view that is what would do greatest harm to their unity.

:11:01.:11:09.

Thousands of British holidaymakers are on their way home

:11:10.:11:11.

from The Gambia after a state of emergency was declared there.

:11:12.:11:13.

The Foreign Office is advising people to avoid all but essential

:11:14.:11:16.

travel to the country, after its President refused

:11:17.:11:19.

to accept that he lost last month's election.

:11:20.:11:25.

It's basically that we are going to evacuate everyone back home today.

:11:26.:11:31.

About half the holiday-makers in The Gambia are British.

:11:32.:11:37.

Most are following Foreign Office advice to leave,

:11:38.:11:39.

Asking us to leave is unnecessary, I think, at the moment.

:11:40.:11:44.

But I understand that we need to do it.

:11:45.:11:49.

To me, it feels stupid, because this will all be over

:11:50.:11:52.

But it's not just foreigners fleeing the capital, Banjul.

:11:53.:11:58.

Many Gambians fear possible violence, as the President

:11:59.:12:00.

tries to cling to power, defying his election

:12:01.:12:02.

President Yahya Jammeh at first conceded that he lost,

:12:03.:12:10.

22 years after seizing power, and facing mounting

:12:11.:12:12.

accusations of torturing and murdering opponents.

:12:13.:12:16.

But then he changed his mind, and refused to step down.

:12:17.:12:21.

The man who won, Adama Barrow, fled to neighbouring Senegal.

:12:22.:12:24.

He insists he will be sworn in as President tomorrow,

:12:25.:12:28.

and other West African states, including Nigeria,

:12:29.:12:30.

are preparing their forces to intervene on his behalf.

:12:31.:12:35.

The Foreign Office stresses that one of its first

:12:36.:12:37.

duties is the protection of Britons overseas.

:12:38.:12:40.

So ministers say they had no choice but to urge those

:12:41.:12:43.

The Americans took a similar decision, more than a week ago.

:12:44.:12:47.

Ministers feel caution has to be the watchword.

:12:48.:12:51.

We have been putting a contingency plan together,

:12:52.:12:55.

should the advice from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office change.

:12:56.:12:58.

And of course, that happened last night.

:12:59.:13:01.

And the advice, to stop all but essential travel,

:13:02.:13:04.

effectively translates into, you shouldn't go unless you have to,

:13:05.:13:09.

and if you are out there, you really ought to come home.

:13:10.:13:13.

So now, charter aircraft are flying into The Gambia

:13:14.:13:14.

empty, flying out full, as the tourist exodus accelerates.

:13:15.:13:18.

Tonight, Senegal is seeking UN backing for West African

:13:19.:13:20.

Its troops are already massing on the border.

:13:21.:13:26.

Our correspondent in the Gambia, Umaru Fofana, has been to Banjul

:13:27.:13:34.

international airport to assess how holiday-makers on their way home

:13:35.:13:36.

Thousands of European tourists are streaming out of the Gambia,

:13:37.:13:45.

with special flights having been arranged for them.

:13:46.:13:48.

They are mostly from the United Kingdom, which has nearly

:13:49.:13:50.

1000 tourists in this country at present.

:13:51.:13:53.

But there are also others from France and from the Netherlands.

:13:54.:13:56.

Some of them have reacted negatively to having been asked to leave,

:13:57.:14:00.

but others say that it is safety first, therefore they are

:14:01.:14:03.

pleased to go back home, at the insistence of the governments

:14:04.:14:05.

All of this comes just a day after President Yahya Jammeh

:14:06.:14:09.

declared a state of emergency, which was endorsed by Parliament,

:14:10.:14:12.

which also extended its mandates, which should have ended

:14:13.:14:14.

All of this comes amid uncertainty as to what will happen next,

:14:15.:14:20.

with a massive troop build-up by particularly Senegal and Nigeria.

:14:21.:14:23.

To install Adam Barrow as the elected president

:14:24.:14:25.

of this country, something which President Yahya

:14:26.:14:27.

Some news coming in, the former US President George bush senior who has

:14:28.:14:46.

been in hospital in Texas since the weekend, since Saturday, he has

:14:47.:14:51.

apparently been moved to intensive care. He is said to be in a stable

:14:52.:14:54.

condition after being treated for pneumonia. And he is 92 years old.

:14:55.:15:02.

His wife Barbara has also been admitted to the same hospital as a

:15:03.:15:06.

precaution because of fatigue. So the former US President George Bush

:15:07.:15:11.

senior who has been in hospital in Texas since last Saturday has been

:15:12.:15:15.

moved to intensive care suffering from pneumonia. The headlines.

:15:16.:15:25.

President Barack Obama prepares to make a final farewell speech in

:15:26.:15:29.

front of jealous of the White House with two days remaining of his

:15:30.:15:33.

presidency. A visit to India, Britain's Foreign Secretary has

:15:34.:15:38.

warned EU leaders not to penalise the UK over Brexit. Thousands of

:15:39.:15:41.

Gambians and foreign tourists are fleeing the country after political

:15:42.:15:44.

unrest, the president refusing to stand down after the elections last

:15:45.:15:55.

month. Let's show you the scene live at the White House, where President

:15:56.:16:01.

Obama with just a couple of days to go before standing down as

:16:02.:16:06.

president, journalists there gathering for the final press

:16:07.:16:10.

conference of the Obama administration. Hundreds of

:16:11.:16:15.

journalists there. And one of the questions the president will have to

:16:16.:16:19.

answer is why he decided to commute the sentence of Bradley Manning, the

:16:20.:16:23.

soldier who was responsible for the biggest league of classified

:16:24.:16:29.

information in American history. That is Chelsea Manning, she already

:16:30.:16:37.

served seven years in jail but the president decided to commute her

:16:38.:16:41.

sentence. That will be one of the big talking points obviously. The

:16:42.:16:46.

president perhaps will be reflecting on the last eight years and perhaps

:16:47.:16:50.

what he thinks the next four years of the Trump administration might

:16:51.:16:56.

look like. We're waiting for that press conference from the president.

:16:57.:17:06.

It's being hailed as a victory for disabled people.

:17:07.:17:08.

Doug Paulley, who uses a wheel chair, took legal action

:17:09.:17:11.

because he couldn't board a bus in Leeds, when a mother

:17:12.:17:12.

with a pushchair refused to make way for him.

:17:13.:17:14.

Today judges at the Supreme Court ruled that the bus company's policy

:17:15.:17:17.

of "requesting" but not "requiring" other passengers to move

:17:18.:17:19.

Our disability affairs correspondent Nikki Fox reports.

:17:20.:17:25.

It has taken almost five years of legal battles

:17:26.:17:29.

But finally, Doug Paulley had his day in the highest

:17:30.:17:40.

All seven judges agreed the bus company's policy

:17:41.:17:44.

requiring a person to vacate the wheelchair space was unlawful.

:17:45.:17:56.

Today the Supreme Court has allowed the appeal of Doug Paulley, albeit

:17:57.:17:59.

to a limited extent. But it is not quite as clear-cut,

:18:00.:18:04.

because the judgment does go as far as insisting

:18:05.:18:08.

someone move from the space. It has not gone as far as some

:18:09.:18:11.

people would like or it has gone too In the end, this is about disabled

:18:12.:18:18.

people's right to access, to travel on the bus, and,

:18:19.:18:22.

hopefully, today has been a step in It began in 2012 when Doug

:18:23.:18:24.

was unable to catch a bus because the space for wheelchairs

:18:25.:18:29.

was occupied by a mum She refused to move which meant

:18:30.:18:31.

Doug could not get on. First Group admit that

:18:32.:18:37.

following the verdict, they might have to amend training

:18:38.:18:39.

they provide staff, but are pleased drivers will not

:18:40.:18:44.

have to force people off the bus. We really welcome the fact

:18:45.:18:47.

the court confirmed that to remove a passenger from a bus

:18:48.:18:49.

if they refuse to move from the space, which is important

:18:50.:18:54.

for drivers to have that clarity. The impact of the judgment will have

:18:55.:18:58.

much wider implications that Any service provider or company that

:18:59.:19:02.

has a dedicated space for disabled people, which could be

:19:03.:19:09.

a supermarket disabled bay, or accessible toilet

:19:10.:19:11.

in a restaurant, they will have to make sure wheelchair

:19:12.:19:14.

users get priority. I will not go on the bus and take

:19:15.:19:19.

the woman with the pram... I am disabled, but I am still a man

:19:20.:19:26.

and this just feels not right. It is not quite as simple

:19:27.:19:34.

as wheelchairs versus pushchairs. It is better to remain a grey area

:19:35.:19:39.

for people to use common sense. However, nuanced, today's ruling

:19:40.:19:43.

paves the way for a closer look at legislation when it comes

:19:44.:19:47.

to prioritising access 2016 was the hottest year

:19:48.:19:49.

since records began over a century Average global temperatures

:19:50.:20:04.

edged ahead of 2015 - and are now 1.1 degrees higher

:20:05.:20:09.

than pre-industrial levels. In fact, it is the third consecutive

:20:10.:20:11.

year that the record Scientists believe that the El Nino

:20:12.:20:14.

weather phenomenon played a role - but increasing levels of greenhouse

:20:15.:20:19.

gases were the main factor Our Science Correspondent

:20:20.:20:22.

Rebecca Morelle has more. Our planet is warming, fast,

:20:23.:20:28.

and the latest data suggests that This winter, parts of the Arctic

:20:29.:20:31.

have had a heatwave, temperatures were above freezing

:20:32.:20:40.

when they should While Australia's Great Barrier Reef

:20:41.:20:44.

was transformed to this. Vast swathes of coral were killed

:20:45.:20:49.

off, as the waters warmed. 2015 was the warmest year

:20:50.:20:52.

on record up until now, It's beaten it by about 0.1,

:20:53.:20:55.

0.12 degrees Celsius. Which doesn't seem like a lot,

:20:56.:21:01.

but in terms of the yearly Part of this rise was caused

:21:02.:21:04.

by an El Nino event, a warm ocean current that disrupts

:21:05.:21:09.

the world's weather. But scientists say greenhouse gases

:21:10.:21:13.

were the main driver. This shows how global

:21:14.:21:17.

temperatures have increased The bigger the circle,

:21:18.:21:19.

the hotter the year. And the latest data,

:21:20.:21:26.

collected by Nasa and meteorological agencies around the world,

:21:27.:21:28.

suggest 2016 is the third year The global temperature

:21:29.:21:31.

is edging ever closer Scientists say a rise of two degrees

:21:32.:21:40.

Celsius above pre-industrial levels could lead to dangerous impacts

:21:41.:21:45.

around the world. So a lower limit of 1.5 Celsius

:21:46.:21:49.

was set by the Paris climate agreement, a global deal that came

:21:50.:21:53.

into force last year. But with carbon dioxide at record

:21:54.:21:57.

levels, scientists say this is a temperature threshold

:21:58.:22:01.

we are on course to surpass. To tackle global warming,

:22:02.:22:08.

the world is being urged to move away from fossil

:22:09.:22:12.

fuels, like coal. But in the US, Donald Trump has said

:22:13.:22:15.

he wants to revive the industry, and has threatened to pull America

:22:16.:22:19.

out of the Paris climate agreement. The woman who brokered

:22:20.:22:23.

the deal is concerned. If the US chooses to exit the road

:22:24.:22:28.

and the path that has been pursued by every other country in the world,

:22:29.:22:33.

it is only going to damage itself, because it will

:22:34.:22:35.

become less competitive. We are moving toward

:22:36.:22:38.

a de-carbonised society. All eyes will now be

:22:39.:22:41.

on this year's data. Already, scientists forecast that

:22:42.:22:45.

2017 won't be as warm, But they say longer term,

:22:46.:22:49.

unless action is taken, Going back to the White House and

:22:50.:23:09.

pictures of journalists just waiting for President Obama to stand at that

:23:10.:23:14.

podium in the next couple of minutes or so. We expect his final news

:23:15.:23:22.

conference shortly. Our correspondent is just outside. He

:23:23.:23:30.

has had well over 100 news conferences, daily press briefings

:23:31.:23:35.

and so on. But the suggestion has been that this administration has

:23:36.:23:39.

not been as forthcoming as many people had hoped. He is at the

:23:40.:23:49.

moment fashionably late, he has not been as forthcoming as people might

:23:50.:23:53.

have hoped. There has been quite a lot of control of information in

:23:54.:23:58.

this White House even though he promised great transparency. They do

:23:59.:24:02.

send out briefings and notes about decisions they have made but they

:24:03.:24:05.

have also kept the limits and controls about what they release.

:24:06.:24:10.

But they have had fairly good access in terms of a press briefing room,

:24:11.:24:16.

daily press briefings, as we said. Quite a lot of press conferences and

:24:17.:24:21.

when Mr Obama comes to them he tends to talk fulsomely, he not only

:24:22.:24:24.

answers the question but gives an explanation of why he believes what

:24:25.:24:29.

he believes or defends what he did. So we have had a lot of time of him

:24:30.:24:33.

talking to the press. Just to cut you off, we are going to hear the

:24:34.:24:35.

president himself. Let me start by saying I was sorely

:24:36.:24:46.

tempted to wear a tan suit today. For my last press conference. But

:24:47.:24:50.

Michelle whose fashion sense is better than mine tells me it is not

:24:51.:24:55.

appropriate in January. I covered a lot of the ground I want to cover in

:24:56.:25:02.

my farewell address last week. So I am just going to say a couple of

:25:03.:25:06.

quick things before questions. First we have been in touch with the

:25:07.:25:15.

family of President George Bush and his wife being admitted to hospital

:25:16.:25:19.

with morning. They are not only dedicated their lives to this

:25:20.:25:23.

country, they have been a constant source of friendship and support and

:25:24.:25:29.

good Counsel for Michelle and me over the years. They are as fine a

:25:30.:25:38.

couple as we know. And so we want to send our prayer and our love to

:25:39.:25:44.

them. Really good people. Second thing I want to do is to thank all

:25:45.:25:48.

of you. Some of you have been covering me for a long time. Folks

:25:49.:25:54.

like Christie and linen. Some of you have just gotten to know me, we've

:25:55.:26:01.

travelled the world together, hit a few singles, a few doubles.

:26:02.:26:08.

Barack Obama at the White House with the final press conference of his

:26:09.:26:13.

presidency. Even when you complained about

:26:14.:26:15.

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