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This is BBC World News Today with me Geeta Guru-murthy.
Malaysia says the half-brother of the North Korean leader
Toxicology reports show he died from VX poisoning -
a substance which the UN classifies as a weapon of mass destruction.
Donald Trump's latest promise to his supporters:
and better America - and no delay in building the wall:.
With building the wall. We're building the wall. In fact, it's
going to start soon. Way ahead of schedule.
The fatal shooting of an Indian man in the US is investigated
The American new intervened is hailed as a hero.
And preparations begin for Sunday's Oscars ceremony. Will Hollywood the
Goering La-la? -- the. Five. Welcome.
Police in Malaysia say a highly toxic nerve agent called VX has been
found on the face of Kim Jong Nam - the murdered half brother
Mr Kim died last week after two women accosted him
briefly in a check-in hall at a Kuala Lumpur airport.
The nerve agent, VX, is classified as a weapon of mass
Our correspondent Rupert Wingfield-Hayes reports
Last week at Kuala Lumpur airport, and some choose to attack Kim Jong
Nam in full view of these six CCTV cameras. It was a very deliberate
and public act of violence. To date, we learned what killed him. As is
even more shocking. It is VX nerve agents. A chemical weapon. Kim Jong
Nam was walking across this busy departures hall was the granny was
attacked at this exact spot and now we know what killed him. Small
Charitable Donations and Childcare Payments Bill:. One of the most
deadly nerve agent ever invented. 100th of a gram would have been
enough to kill him. -- VX. Someone used it to kill and hair in the
middle of this International Airport. It is colourless and
odourless with the view of engine oil. Said Adley, it is classified by
the United Nations as a weapon of mass destruction. -- so deadly.
Symptoms include:. It was produced in the 80s. North Korea's dictator
Kim Jong Un already had nuclear weapons. Some think he has sent a
message by killing his brother with the deadly nerve agent. What we do
know is they have a weapon of mass destruction. VX, which has the
potential to kill many thousands of people, they show that they want to
be part of the weapons of mass destruction club and that they
should be taken the really. If we do nothing, we are going to be in a
very difficult position. This is probably far more dangerous than the
nuclear weapons programme that has been spoken about in the past 12
months. The more we learn, the more bizarre the story becomes. This is
one of the alleged assassins' Facebook page. Nothing about her
suggests he could be a killer. About the only thing we knew is that Kim
Jong Nam must have died in excruciating pain. His body
convulsed, his long lasting for air. -- lungs. -- gasping.
Richard Guthrie is a chemical weapon consultant and he can join
Thank you for joining us. What do we know about VX and who might possess
it? It is one of the most potent nerve agents. It is highly toxic and
has a perfect right interviewing signalling between nerve cells says
edition doses, the nerves cannot Ali Al basic functions, such as
controlling heartbeat and breathing. That can inevitably leads to death.
In other countries have manufactured it over the years, mainly in very
small quantities. It is hard to scale production to an industrial
process because the chemistry is quite complicated and some of the
Chronicles used to manufacture it are highly reactive. -- chemicals.
Have to be used under controlled conditions. It is made in small
quantities in a number of laboratories at long, across the
world, primarily to test equipment. The Beano which countries, other
than North Korea, might possess this and do we have any evidence they
might possess it? -- Do we know. Many countries have now signed up to
the 1990s the chemical weapons Convention, which is aimed at the
chemical weapons free world. There are only about five countries who
have not signed up and your career is one of them. There are other
countries who have had VX, such as the United States, former Soviet
Union and Syria had a small quantity. There is of all been
destroyed. How worrying is that we have seen this being used in such an
open, busy area? How was it not picked up in Malaysia? Well, it's
easy for VX not to be picked up because it is contained, then it
would not give off any kind of odour. It is easy to protect a small
quantity and they would only need a small quantity in this case. There
has been a very long history of assassination by poison over the
decades. Famously in 1989, the apartheid authorities tried to kill
a reverend who became adviser to the President when it was the ANC
administration. They laced his underwear with nerve agent and he
was lucky to survive. Some assassination by poison is done
discreetly in order to make it look like it's natural causes. Other side
dot-mac times, it is done in an overt manner to be an expression of
power. This would seem to be a case where the authorities, one presumes,
in North Korea, want to strand agelong, powerful message that they
have these materials and can use them. -- send a strong message. We
want to talk about the effect on the victim, or how it acts. Looking at
the footage, it was such a brief level of contact if that is what
happened. It is potentially a very brief level of contact bodies VX
will play on your skin and may need a drop of a less than the size that
you can see with the visible ally to kill. Because it affects the nervous
system and permeates through the body affecting the nervous system.
Then the large exposure would be quick, but it can, over a period of
Alice, with very tiny exposure, implies that the substance detected
was VX, that it was not the smallest of those is to allow him to walk
around for some minutes, but that doesn't go out VX. It is very
consistent with known reactions of VX recommending the past. Thank you
very much indeed. Good to talk to you. Thank you.
For Donald Trump, it was like going back
The President has been speaking to the Conservative wing
of the Republican Party, at an event in Maryland -
the place he says he made his first real political speech,
at the start of his campaign for the White House.
He told the gathering that he'd inherited a mess, but said
he was keeping his promises, and insisted that construction
of the wall along the Mexican border would start soon.
Here's a little of what he had to say.
For too long, we have traded away our jobs to different countries. So
terrible. We have defended other nations' borders, while leaving Al
is wide open, anyone can come in. -- ours we are going to build a wall.
Don't worry about it. We are building the wall. In fact, it will
start soon, way ahead of schedule. CHEERING
Way, way, way ahead of schedule. I'm not against the press, I don't mind
bad stories if I deserve them. I don't get too many of them. I can
only against the fake news, media press. Fake, fake. We have to leave
that word. I'm against people who make up sources.
They shouldn't be allowed to use sources unless they
We are also putting in a massive budget request for our military.
CHEERING And we will be substantially
upgrading all of our military, all of our military. Authentic,
defensive, everything. They get and better, and stronger than ever
before. And hopefully we will never have to use it but nobody will
message is, folks. Jane O'Brien is in
Washington for us. We have seen two very senior members
of the new administration in Mexico City this week. He is still going
forward with the plan, any detail on it? Now. That is the bottom line. No
detail whatsoever. When he says he is ahead of schedule, we don't know
what the schedule was so no clue what that means. He also still have
to find the money because no one has come up with Google paid. Mexico
said it will not but presumably the will have to leave some amount of
billions of dollars to build the wall. There are issues over the land
that this wall will cross, much of it is owned privately. We will have
to buy it on private land owners, all the drill. That will cost money.
All sorts of details that will need to be thrashed out in that speech.
Fake news and fake sources, we heard. This be a recurring theme.
Some of his own sources been called into question a number of times on
the campaign trail. What a remake of this latest assault? To be perfectly
honest, you have to take it with a pinch of salt. What he was doing
there was playing to his audience. This was his warm up act. He
mentioned that at the beginning of his speech and the audience loved
it. His actual message there was that his supporters should listen to
him. They should not be distracted by all the bad press that he is
getting like the story about what he is doing all the stories about his
dysfunctional White House, or the story about what he says. They
should listen to him, they should listen and look to what he is doing
and I think that is the message he is trying to get across there.
Again, saying he is going to improve funding for the military. Again, I
don't know if any numbers came out there. He is a very powerful man in
a powerful position with a huge military already. Indeed. What he
did not mention is, as he said, the military has always been big.
America is a superpower. What has been lacking in the last eight years
is the political will to use it. I think that is far more to the point
and again, it comes down to money. He mentioned in that speech
sequestration, a horrible word but it's what Congress decided to do
when they couldn't agree a budget eight years ago, blanket cut across
the board, including the military. There is a deficit budget talks have
not left on dress, they will be watching the dolls anti-sense, and
they will want to know how Donald Trump wants to pay for his enlarged
military. -- and the cents. Thank you.
Iraqi forces are launching attacks on a neighbourhood
in the west of Mosul - one day after troops
It fell to IS in June 2014 and the Iraqi military
operation to re-take it began in October last year.
Government forces retook the eastern side -
across the River Tigris - last month.
The river, which splits the city in two, is now the front line.
Iraqi forces advanced into the western side
via the south on Sunday, moving in on the airport.
And also cutting off exit routes to the Syria border to stop IS
Well, earlier we received this update via twitter
correspondent Quentin Sommerville, who's on the front line in western
Here is a look at part of his story to day.
Do follow him on Twitter to keep up to date with what is happening in
Mosul, in a rock. Now a look at some of
the days other news. France's far-right presidential
candidate, Marine le Pen, has refused to be questioned
by police in connection The National Front leader denies any
wrongdoing and claims the allegations are designed
to damage her election prospects. The European Parliament alleges that
more than 300,000 euros of funding was misspent
by her party. Britain's main opposition
Labour Party has suffered a shock defeat to the governing
Conservatives in a parliamentary It's the best by-election
performance by a governing party in Britain in more
than half a century. Labour had held the seat
for more than 80 years. At least 18 people have been killed
in a crash improve. Many casualties were on the bus which burst into
flames and chainsaws were used to free people from the wreckage. --
Peru. US police are investigating
whether the fatal shooting of an Indian software engineer
in the state of Kansas Srinivas Kuchbhotla was killed
and another Indian engineer Alok Madasani was injured
in the attack. Adam Purinton has been charged
with murder after the shooting Some people on social media have
blamed the charged atmosphere created by Donald Trump. It has been
said it's too early to point out a motive.
A third victim who was injured is 24-year-old Ian Grillot.
He's being hailed as a hero after stepping in and trying
He has been speaking from his hospital bed. I heard gunshots, I
got out, expected his magazine to be empty, tried chasing down, but I
guess I miss counted. I got behind him and turn around, he fired at me.
-- need to around. We are looking at if the crime was
committed with buyers and motivation. -- biased motivation. I
just done what anyone should do for another human being. It's not about
where you're from or ethnicity, we are all humans. One of the gentleman
who survived came in here today and it was the greatest thing. I can't
even describe it. Some one who was watching over me. I wanted to go
fishing this weekend but I don't think that's going to be happening
right now. That's my first thing I want to do is do a bit of fishing
and get together with the gentleman that I have now become best friends
with after last night. Of course, one man killed and
another Indian person injured. We will keep up-to-date with that story
for you. We've been reporting
on President Trump's rally today - but remember his rally last weekend
in Florida and his His remarks about what was happening
there on the night before I do a lot of heat on Sweden. --
took. A day later, I said, has anyone reported what has been going
on? It turned out they didn't. Take a look at what happened in Sweden. I
love Sweden. Great country, great people. I love Sweden, but they
understand I'm right. The people over there understand I'm right.
Take a look at what is happening in Sweden.
The comments Mr Trump was referring to concerned a Fox News documentary
about alleged violence committed by refugees in Sweden.
Our correspondent Maddy Savage has been to Malmo, one of Sweden's
most diverse cities, to find out what the situation
You look at what's happening at night in Sweden. Sweden, who would
believe this? Sweden. Since Donald Trump's comments, there has been a
way of media stories on Sweden's migration. They take in more than
almost anywhere in Europe. Many settled in Malmo, everyone is
Sweden's mouse Toryism neighbourhoods, Rosengard. So what
it really like there? Police in Sweden and publish data on
the ethnicity of criminals, but they have taught us that, in Malmo, one
of Sweden's most diverse cities, crime has actually gone down in the
last year. In the same time, fair crime here has gone up. It is this
their asses driving support for the country's national party which
believes Donald Trump was right to link crime with immigration.
Rosengard has a lot more problems than we see an more Swedish part of
Sweden. You want the army together into Rosengard?
The governments there is talk of no go zones is highly exaggerated. We
in the spent the night in Rosengard, we saw no outward signs of trouble.
Is this typical? And many locals here say they are
fed up of feeling like political footballs on a global debate about
immigration. A debate plenty with like to call time on.
On Sunday millions around the world will tune in to watch
the Oscars where La La Land - a musical revolving
around two LA dreamers - is expected to scoop
But the Academy Awards won't just highlight escapism.
The ceremony will also showcase more earthbound movies
with diverse casting - and may become an arena
Top of the Oscars he is La La Land, which seems to have won the hearts
and minds of Academy members. This musical has earned 14 Oscar
nominations, matching the wreckage set by the pictures All About Eve
and Titanic. The stars believe it has revived the musical genre. It's
a genre we all thought was gone, the old Hollywood musical. It still very
special that it happened and I think that the audience has connected with
that. On the block nominees are less creamy than La La Land. When it
comes to storytelling, they display diversity. Lack of inclusion at the
Academy Awards has been a big issue. Last year, the Oscars was besieged
by white protest. This year, there are films like Moonlight and Fences
nominated, which have largely black casts. There have been many black
actors nominated this year, as well as one with Indian It's great that
we have had more black people nominated across the board, actors,
cinematographers, directors, screenplay. All easily it's not just
about black nominees, it's about all different kinds of nominees. We
still have a far way to go before we can say that Oscars Are White is
obsolete. There has been protest after the protest since Donald Trump
moved into the White House. The Oscars podium may be used to vent
discontent. This could be the most politicised Oscars we have ever had
because I think, for the first time, a mass number of actors feel that
perhaps their role as citizens is more important and they will speak
out. Protest extends beyond American shores. Iranian film director
nominated for his picture, Knee Salesman, has decided not to come
because of Donald Trump. And actively, with awards shows we have
seen over the past two or three weeks, people have things they want
to say. When they get on a platform, they will say it. What they say to
people you don't think the Oscars is the appropriate arena for expressing
protest? I think the Oscars are political and it is a platform to
honour the art. That all becomes part and parcel with the art. The
White House has suggested the president may already be engaged on
Oscar night but that may not stop anyone on the podium who criticises
him and his policies from receiving presidential condemnation or
ridicule by way of Twitter. That happens to Meryl Streep at a legal
ban blog award that could happen again on Sunday night. -- own Golden
Globes night. Now, just last season, Claudio Ranieri was parading around
the Premier League trophy with Leicester City. Now he has been
sacked. The bosses said they could not risk the file's future hanging
just above the relegation zone. However, Claudio Ranieri said what
happened was an amazing adventure. Is there anything you would like to
say to the fans? Yes, I am very sad for them. I wish them all the best.
It has caused some shock waves here. Let me tell you. Gary Lineker,
former Leicester player, has said he is very sad.
And you can get in touch with me and the team on Twitter -
Hello. Nothing too money horizon through this weekend, thankfully. On
the other hand, no clear blue skies and sunshine all the time. From it.
It'll be mild, plus the ruins but nothing too extreme. Some rain,
then. Especially along the west. This set of weather fronts will
bring a pretty wet and windy start