24/02/2017 World News Today


24/02/2017

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me Geeta Guru-murthy.

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Malaysia says the half-brother of the North Korean leader

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Toxicology reports show he died from VX poisoning -

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a substance which the UN classifies as a weapon of mass destruction.

:00:19.:00:23.

Donald Trump's latest promise to his supporters:

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and better America - and no delay in building the wall:.

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With building the wall. We're building the wall. In fact, it's

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going to start soon. Way ahead of schedule.

:00:43.:00:44.

The fatal shooting of an Indian man in the US is investigated

:00:45.:00:47.

The American new intervened is hailed as a hero.

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And preparations begin for Sunday's Oscars ceremony. Will Hollywood the

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Goering La-la? -- the. Five. Welcome.

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Police in Malaysia say a highly toxic nerve agent called VX has been

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found on the face of Kim Jong Nam - the murdered half brother

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Mr Kim died last week after two women accosted him

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briefly in a check-in hall at a Kuala Lumpur airport.

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The nerve agent, VX, is classified as a weapon of mass

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Our correspondent Rupert Wingfield-Hayes reports

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Last week at Kuala Lumpur airport, and some choose to attack Kim Jong

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Nam in full view of these six CCTV cameras. It was a very deliberate

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and public act of violence. To date, we learned what killed him. As is

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even more shocking. It is VX nerve agents. A chemical weapon. Kim Jong

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Nam was walking across this busy departures hall was the granny was

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attacked at this exact spot and now we know what killed him. Small

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Charitable Donations and Childcare Payments Bill:. One of the most

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deadly nerve agent ever invented. 100th of a gram would have been

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enough to kill him. -- VX. Someone used it to kill and hair in the

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middle of this International Airport. It is colourless and

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odourless with the view of engine oil. Said Adley, it is classified by

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the United Nations as a weapon of mass destruction. -- so deadly.

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Symptoms include:. It was produced in the 80s. North Korea's dictator

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Kim Jong Un already had nuclear weapons. Some think he has sent a

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message by killing his brother with the deadly nerve agent. What we do

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know is they have a weapon of mass destruction. VX, which has the

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potential to kill many thousands of people, they show that they want to

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be part of the weapons of mass destruction club and that they

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should be taken the really. If we do nothing, we are going to be in a

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very difficult position. This is probably far more dangerous than the

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nuclear weapons programme that has been spoken about in the past 12

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months. The more we learn, the more bizarre the story becomes. This is

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one of the alleged assassins' Facebook page. Nothing about her

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suggests he could be a killer. About the only thing we knew is that Kim

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Jong Nam must have died in excruciating pain. His body

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convulsed, his long lasting for air. -- lungs. -- gasping.

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Richard Guthrie is a chemical weapon consultant and he can join

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Thank you for joining us. What do we know about VX and who might possess

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it? It is one of the most potent nerve agents. It is highly toxic and

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has a perfect right interviewing signalling between nerve cells says

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edition doses, the nerves cannot Ali Al basic functions, such as

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controlling heartbeat and breathing. That can inevitably leads to death.

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In other countries have manufactured it over the years, mainly in very

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small quantities. It is hard to scale production to an industrial

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process because the chemistry is quite complicated and some of the

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Chronicles used to manufacture it are highly reactive. -- chemicals.

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Have to be used under controlled conditions. It is made in small

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quantities in a number of laboratories at long, across the

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world, primarily to test equipment. The Beano which countries, other

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than North Korea, might possess this and do we have any evidence they

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might possess it? -- Do we know. Many countries have now signed up to

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the 1990s the chemical weapons Convention, which is aimed at the

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chemical weapons free world. There are only about five countries who

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have not signed up and your career is one of them. There are other

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countries who have had VX, such as the United States, former Soviet

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Union and Syria had a small quantity. There is of all been

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destroyed. How worrying is that we have seen this being used in such an

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open, busy area? How was it not picked up in Malaysia? Well, it's

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easy for VX not to be picked up because it is contained, then it

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would not give off any kind of odour. It is easy to protect a small

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quantity and they would only need a small quantity in this case. There

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has been a very long history of assassination by poison over the

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decades. Famously in 1989, the apartheid authorities tried to kill

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a reverend who became adviser to the President when it was the ANC

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administration. They laced his underwear with nerve agent and he

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was lucky to survive. Some assassination by poison is done

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discreetly in order to make it look like it's natural causes. Other side

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dot-mac times, it is done in an overt manner to be an expression of

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power. This would seem to be a case where the authorities, one presumes,

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in North Korea, want to strand agelong, powerful message that they

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have these materials and can use them. -- send a strong message. We

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want to talk about the effect on the victim, or how it acts. Looking at

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the footage, it was such a brief level of contact if that is what

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happened. It is potentially a very brief level of contact bodies VX

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will play on your skin and may need a drop of a less than the size that

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you can see with the visible ally to kill. Because it affects the nervous

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system and permeates through the body affecting the nervous system.

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Then the large exposure would be quick, but it can, over a period of

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Alice, with very tiny exposure, implies that the substance detected

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was VX, that it was not the smallest of those is to allow him to walk

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around for some minutes, but that doesn't go out VX. It is very

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consistent with known reactions of VX recommending the past. Thank you

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very much indeed. Good to talk to you. Thank you.

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For Donald Trump, it was like going back

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The President has been speaking to the Conservative wing

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of the Republican Party, at an event in Maryland -

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the place he says he made his first real political speech,

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at the start of his campaign for the White House.

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He told the gathering that he'd inherited a mess, but said

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he was keeping his promises, and insisted that construction

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of the wall along the Mexican border would start soon.

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Here's a little of what he had to say.

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For too long, we have traded away our jobs to different countries. So

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terrible. We have defended other nations' borders, while leaving Al

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is wide open, anyone can come in. -- ours we are going to build a wall.

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Don't worry about it. We are building the wall. In fact, it will

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start soon, way ahead of schedule. CHEERING

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Way, way, way ahead of schedule. I'm not against the press, I don't mind

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bad stories if I deserve them. I don't get too many of them. I can

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only against the fake news, media press. Fake, fake. We have to leave

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that word. I'm against people who make up sources.

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They shouldn't be allowed to use sources unless they

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We are also putting in a massive budget request for our military.

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CHEERING And we will be substantially

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upgrading all of our military, all of our military. Authentic,

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defensive, everything. They get and better, and stronger than ever

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before. And hopefully we will never have to use it but nobody will

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message is, folks. Jane O'Brien is in

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Washington for us. We have seen two very senior members

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of the new administration in Mexico City this week. He is still going

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forward with the plan, any detail on it? Now. That is the bottom line. No

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detail whatsoever. When he says he is ahead of schedule, we don't know

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what the schedule was so no clue what that means. He also still have

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to find the money because no one has come up with Google paid. Mexico

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said it will not but presumably the will have to leave some amount of

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billions of dollars to build the wall. There are issues over the land

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that this wall will cross, much of it is owned privately. We will have

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to buy it on private land owners, all the drill. That will cost money.

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All sorts of details that will need to be thrashed out in that speech.

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Fake news and fake sources, we heard. This be a recurring theme.

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Some of his own sources been called into question a number of times on

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the campaign trail. What a remake of this latest assault? To be perfectly

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honest, you have to take it with a pinch of salt. What he was doing

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there was playing to his audience. This was his warm up act. He

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mentioned that at the beginning of his speech and the audience loved

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it. His actual message there was that his supporters should listen to

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him. They should not be distracted by all the bad press that he is

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getting like the story about what he is doing all the stories about his

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dysfunctional White House, or the story about what he says. They

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should listen to him, they should listen and look to what he is doing

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and I think that is the message he is trying to get across there.

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Again, saying he is going to improve funding for the military. Again, I

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don't know if any numbers came out there. He is a very powerful man in

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a powerful position with a huge military already. Indeed. What he

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did not mention is, as he said, the military has always been big.

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America is a superpower. What has been lacking in the last eight years

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is the political will to use it. I think that is far more to the point

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and again, it comes down to money. He mentioned in that speech

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sequestration, a horrible word but it's what Congress decided to do

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when they couldn't agree a budget eight years ago, blanket cut across

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the board, including the military. There is a deficit budget talks have

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not left on dress, they will be watching the dolls anti-sense, and

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they will want to know how Donald Trump wants to pay for his enlarged

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military. -- and the cents. Thank you.

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Iraqi forces are launching attacks on a neighbourhood

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in the west of Mosul - one day after troops

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It fell to IS in June 2014 and the Iraqi military

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operation to re-take it began in October last year.

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Government forces retook the eastern side -

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across the River Tigris - last month.

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The river, which splits the city in two, is now the front line.

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Iraqi forces advanced into the western side

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via the south on Sunday, moving in on the airport.

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And also cutting off exit routes to the Syria border to stop IS

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Well, earlier we received this update via twitter

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correspondent Quentin Sommerville, who's on the front line in western

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Here is a look at part of his story to day.

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Do follow him on Twitter to keep up to date with what is happening in

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Mosul, in a rock. Now a look at some of

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the days other news. France's far-right presidential

:14:59.:15:01.

candidate, Marine le Pen, has refused to be questioned

:15:02.:15:02.

by police in connection The National Front leader denies any

:15:03.:15:04.

wrongdoing and claims the allegations are designed

:15:05.:15:08.

to damage her election prospects. The European Parliament alleges that

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more than 300,000 euros of funding was misspent

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by her party. Britain's main opposition

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Labour Party has suffered a shock defeat to the governing

:15:20.:15:22.

Conservatives in a parliamentary It's the best by-election

:15:23.:15:24.

performance by a governing party in Britain in more

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than half a century. Labour had held the seat

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for more than 80 years. At least 18 people have been killed

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in a crash improve. Many casualties were on the bus which burst into

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flames and chainsaws were used to free people from the wreckage. --

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Peru. US police are investigating

:15:59.:16:03.

whether the fatal shooting of an Indian software engineer

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in the state of Kansas Srinivas Kuchbhotla was killed

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and another Indian engineer Alok Madasani was injured

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in the attack. Adam Purinton has been charged

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with murder after the shooting Some people on social media have

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blamed the charged atmosphere created by Donald Trump. It has been

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said it's too early to point out a motive.

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A third victim who was injured is 24-year-old Ian Grillot.

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He's being hailed as a hero after stepping in and trying

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He has been speaking from his hospital bed. I heard gunshots, I

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got out, expected his magazine to be empty, tried chasing down, but I

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guess I miss counted. I got behind him and turn around, he fired at me.

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-- need to around. We are looking at if the crime was

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committed with buyers and motivation. -- biased motivation. I

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just done what anyone should do for another human being. It's not about

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where you're from or ethnicity, we are all humans. One of the gentleman

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who survived came in here today and it was the greatest thing. I can't

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even describe it. Some one who was watching over me. I wanted to go

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fishing this weekend but I don't think that's going to be happening

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right now. That's my first thing I want to do is do a bit of fishing

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and get together with the gentleman that I have now become best friends

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with after last night. Of course, one man killed and

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another Indian person injured. We will keep up-to-date with that story

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for you. We've been reporting

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on President Trump's rally today - but remember his rally last weekend

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in Florida and his His remarks about what was happening

:18:20.:18:21.

there on the night before I do a lot of heat on Sweden. --

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took. A day later, I said, has anyone reported what has been going

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on? It turned out they didn't. Take a look at what happened in Sweden. I

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love Sweden. Great country, great people. I love Sweden, but they

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understand I'm right. The people over there understand I'm right.

:18:58.:18:59.

Take a look at what is happening in Sweden.

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The comments Mr Trump was referring to concerned a Fox News documentary

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about alleged violence committed by refugees in Sweden.

:19:04.:19:07.

Our correspondent Maddy Savage has been to Malmo, one of Sweden's

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most diverse cities, to find out what the situation

:19:10.:19:11.

You look at what's happening at night in Sweden. Sweden, who would

:19:12.:19:25.

believe this? Sweden. Since Donald Trump's comments, there has been a

:19:26.:19:32.

way of media stories on Sweden's migration. They take in more than

:19:33.:19:37.

almost anywhere in Europe. Many settled in Malmo, everyone is

:19:38.:19:39.

Sweden's mouse Toryism neighbourhoods, Rosengard. So what

:19:40.:19:43.

it really like there? Police in Sweden and publish data on

:19:44.:20:26.

the ethnicity of criminals, but they have taught us that, in Malmo, one

:20:27.:20:31.

of Sweden's most diverse cities, crime has actually gone down in the

:20:32.:20:36.

last year. In the same time, fair crime here has gone up. It is this

:20:37.:20:40.

their asses driving support for the country's national party which

:20:41.:20:46.

believes Donald Trump was right to link crime with immigration.

:20:47.:20:50.

Rosengard has a lot more problems than we see an more Swedish part of

:20:51.:21:00.

Sweden. You want the army together into Rosengard?

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The governments there is talk of no go zones is highly exaggerated. We

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in the spent the night in Rosengard, we saw no outward signs of trouble.

:21:14.:21:15.

Is this typical? And many locals here say they are

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fed up of feeling like political footballs on a global debate about

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immigration. A debate plenty with like to call time on.

:21:42.:21:47.

On Sunday millions around the world will tune in to watch

:21:48.:21:51.

the Oscars where La La Land - a musical revolving

:21:52.:21:54.

around two LA dreamers - is expected to scoop

:21:55.:21:56.

But the Academy Awards won't just highlight escapism.

:21:57.:22:00.

The ceremony will also showcase more earthbound movies

:22:01.:22:02.

with diverse casting - and may become an arena

:22:03.:22:04.

Top of the Oscars he is La La Land, which seems to have won the hearts

:22:05.:22:21.

and minds of Academy members. This musical has earned 14 Oscar

:22:22.:22:24.

nominations, matching the wreckage set by the pictures All About Eve

:22:25.:22:30.

and Titanic. The stars believe it has revived the musical genre. It's

:22:31.:22:35.

a genre we all thought was gone, the old Hollywood musical. It still very

:22:36.:22:39.

special that it happened and I think that the audience has connected with

:22:40.:22:46.

that. On the block nominees are less creamy than La La Land. When it

:22:47.:22:51.

comes to storytelling, they display diversity. Lack of inclusion at the

:22:52.:22:55.

Academy Awards has been a big issue. Last year, the Oscars was besieged

:22:56.:23:01.

by white protest. This year, there are films like Moonlight and Fences

:23:02.:23:08.

nominated, which have largely black casts. There have been many black

:23:09.:23:13.

actors nominated this year, as well as one with Indian It's great that

:23:14.:23:19.

we have had more black people nominated across the board, actors,

:23:20.:23:21.

cinematographers, directors, screenplay. All easily it's not just

:23:22.:23:29.

about black nominees, it's about all different kinds of nominees. We

:23:30.:23:32.

still have a far way to go before we can say that Oscars Are White is

:23:33.:23:41.

obsolete. There has been protest after the protest since Donald Trump

:23:42.:23:45.

moved into the White House. The Oscars podium may be used to vent

:23:46.:23:50.

discontent. This could be the most politicised Oscars we have ever had

:23:51.:23:54.

because I think, for the first time, a mass number of actors feel that

:23:55.:23:59.

perhaps their role as citizens is more important and they will speak

:24:00.:24:04.

out. Protest extends beyond American shores. Iranian film director

:24:05.:24:18.

nominated for his picture, Knee Salesman, has decided not to come

:24:19.:24:23.

because of Donald Trump. And actively, with awards shows we have

:24:24.:24:26.

seen over the past two or three weeks, people have things they want

:24:27.:24:29.

to say. When they get on a platform, they will say it. What they say to

:24:30.:24:34.

people you don't think the Oscars is the appropriate arena for expressing

:24:35.:24:39.

protest? I think the Oscars are political and it is a platform to

:24:40.:24:44.

honour the art. That all becomes part and parcel with the art. The

:24:45.:24:49.

White House has suggested the president may already be engaged on

:24:50.:24:53.

Oscar night but that may not stop anyone on the podium who criticises

:24:54.:24:57.

him and his policies from receiving presidential condemnation or

:24:58.:25:01.

ridicule by way of Twitter. That happens to Meryl Streep at a legal

:25:02.:25:03.

ban blog award that could happen again on Sunday night. -- own Golden

:25:04.:25:19.

Globes night. Now, just last season, Claudio Ranieri was parading around

:25:20.:25:24.

the Premier League trophy with Leicester City. Now he has been

:25:25.:25:28.

sacked. The bosses said they could not risk the file's future hanging

:25:29.:25:33.

just above the relegation zone. However, Claudio Ranieri said what

:25:34.:25:37.

happened was an amazing adventure. Is there anything you would like to

:25:38.:25:41.

say to the fans? Yes, I am very sad for them. I wish them all the best.

:25:42.:25:46.

It has caused some shock waves here. Let me tell you. Gary Lineker,

:25:47.:25:54.

former Leicester player, has said he is very sad.

:25:55.:25:56.

And you can get in touch with me and the team on Twitter -

:25:57.:25:59.

Hello. Nothing too money horizon through this weekend, thankfully. On

:26:00.:26:12.

the other hand, no clear blue skies and sunshine all the time. From it.

:26:13.:26:18.

It'll be mild, plus the ruins but nothing too extreme. Some rain,

:26:19.:26:23.

then. Especially along the west. This set of weather fronts will

:26:24.:26:26.

bring a pretty wet and windy start

:26:27.:26:28.

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