24/02/2017 World News Today


24/02/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:09.:00:10.

-- Geeta Guru-Murthy. It was badly hit. Malaysia and police confirm

:00:11.:00:45.

there was an air of chemical attack on the Korean leader's brother.

:00:46.:00:51.

Donald Trump hits out at the press and confirms he intends to build the

:00:52.:00:58.

wall on the border with Mexico. We are building the wall. And Claudio

:00:59.:01:04.

Ranieri's sadness at being sacked just nine months after winning

:01:05.:01:08.

Leicester City their only Premier League title.

:01:09.:01:17.

Police in the say a highly toxic nerve agent called VX has been found

:01:18.:01:22.

on the face of Kim Jong-nam, the murdered half brother

:01:23.:01:24.

Mr Kim died last week after two women accosted him

:01:25.:01:28.

briefly in a check-in hall at Kuala Lumpur airport.

:01:29.:01:30.

The nerve agent, VX, is classified as a weapon of mass

:01:31.:01:38.

Our correspondent Rupert Wingfield-Hayes

:01:39.:01:40.

Last week at Kuala Lumpur airport someone chose to attack Kim Jong Nam

:01:41.:01:55.

Last week at Kuala Lumpur airport someone chose to attack Kim Jong-nam

:01:56.:01:58.

in full view of at least half a dozen CCTV cameras.

:01:59.:02:01.

It was a very deliberate and very public act of violence.

:02:02.:02:04.

It is the VX nerve agent, which is a chemical weapon.

:02:05.:02:10.

Kim Jong-nam was walking across this busy departures hall last week

:02:11.:02:12.

Now we know what was used to kill him, VX, one of the most

:02:13.:02:17.

Just a tiny drop, one hundredth of a gram,

:02:18.:02:23.

VX is also banned under international convention,

:02:24.:02:28.

and yet someone decided to use it here in the midst of this

:02:29.:02:31.

VX is colourless and odourless with, the feel of engine oil.

:02:32.:02:35.

It is so deadly it is classified by the United Nations as a weapon

:02:36.:02:38.

Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath,

:02:39.:02:51.

South Korea says the North started producing chemical weapons

:02:52.:02:54.

in the 1980s and has up to 5000 tonnes of stocks.

:02:55.:02:57.

North Korea's young dictator Kim Jong-un already

:02:58.:02:58.

Some think he is now sending a chilling new message,

:02:59.:03:05.

by killing his older brother with the world's

:03:06.:03:07.

What they have demonstrated is that they do have a weapon

:03:08.:03:11.

of mass destruction, VX, which has the potential to kill

:03:12.:03:13.

They have shown that they want to be part of the weapons

:03:14.:03:17.

of mass destruction club and that they should

:03:18.:03:19.

And if we do nothing, then we're going to be

:03:20.:03:38.

The more we learn, the more bizarre this story becomes.

:03:39.:03:40.

This is one of the alleged assassins taking part

:03:41.:03:42.

Nothing about her suggests she could be a killer.

:03:43.:03:47.

About the only thing we know for sure is that Kim Jong-nam must

:03:48.:03:50.

His body convulsed, his lungs gasping for air.

:03:51.:03:53.

Rupert Wingfield-Hayes, BBC News, in Kuala Lumpur.

:03:54.:04:03.

Joshua Pollack is the editor of The Nonproliferation Review

:04:04.:04:05.

and a leading expert on nuclear and missile proliferation.

:04:06.:04:07.

Thank you for your time. Can you tell us a bit more about this nerve

:04:08.:04:22.

agent? VX is an especially potent nerve agent, and has traditionally

:04:23.:04:29.

been used as a battlefield weapon, not as a tool of assassination. The

:04:30.:04:35.

only exception I am aware of where some attempts in the 1990s by a

:04:36.:04:41.

group in Japan the boys in some of their enemies with VX among other

:04:42.:04:54.

chemical and biological agents -- group Japan to poison some of their

:04:55.:04:59.

enemies. It had mixed success. The success of this was not in doubt he

:05:00.:05:05.

suddenly. What do we know about how it was made, whether North Korea has

:05:06.:05:11.

it and has used it? It is a synthetic chemical. It has long been

:05:12.:05:15.

strongly suspected that the North Koreans have it. It is one of the

:05:16.:05:22.

preferred military nerve agents. You can read for example South Korean

:05:23.:05:30.

Defence Ministry papers on the subject which suggest that VX and

:05:31.:05:43.

also selling are the mainstay of the North Korean chemical arsenal. This

:05:44.:05:55.

report, if it is accurate in the end, tends to confirm they do have

:05:56.:06:00.

VX, but it does not tell us a much. Can you explain a bit more about the

:06:01.:06:04.

biological effects on the victims hit with this, and also what about

:06:05.:06:11.

using this drug, it seems a pretty exotic approach? Well, yes, the

:06:12.:06:17.

effects. It is inhaled, absorbed through the eyes or even through the

:06:18.:06:23.

skin, and if that happens it will cause a lot of the body systems to

:06:24.:06:30.

shut down. I think approximate cause of death is that you stop breathing

:06:31.:06:34.

because your central nervous system stops telling you to breathe and

:06:35.:06:39.

your muscles that control your breathing also fail. I would say

:06:40.:06:52.

that the power of this agent, and it is an especially deadly agent, using

:06:53.:07:01.

it in an exposed public space, especially in a foreign country, is

:07:02.:07:07.

especially provocative and is likely to have consequences for North

:07:08.:07:12.

Korea's relationship with Malaysia, among other countries, along with

:07:13.:07:15.

China which apparently had extended some form of protection to the late

:07:16.:07:24.

Kim Jong-un -- Kim Jong-nam. So there will be consequences. There

:07:25.:07:28.

are really two hypotheses right now about the decision to use this nerve

:07:29.:07:34.

agent. Firstly, that it was meant as a demonstration of North Korea's

:07:35.:07:38.

capabilities and its willingness to use them against its enemies. A

:07:39.:07:48.

warning that it could enhance its deterrence of South Korea or the

:07:49.:07:53.

United States. Another hypothesis is that the agent is so exotic, so

:07:54.:07:58.

unusual, as a tool of assassination, that it would not be detected in

:07:59.:08:01.

time by the Malaysian authorities who would hand over the body to the

:08:02.:08:06.

North Korean authorities and nobody would ever be the wiser. That may

:08:07.:08:10.

have been what the Russians intended with polonium in London seven years

:08:11.:08:24.

ago. Sorry to interrupt, Joshua Pollack, we are out of time, but we

:08:25.:08:27.

do appreciate your time and expertise.

:08:28.:08:29.

Iraqi forces are launching attacks on a neighbourhood in the west of

:08:30.:08:32.

Mosul a day after troops recaptured the city's airport.

:08:33.:08:34.

Mosul is Barack's second-largest city.

:08:35.:08:35.

It fell to IS in June 20 14th and the Iraqi

:08:36.:08:38.

military operation to retake it began in October last year.

:08:39.:08:40.

Government forces retook the eastern side across the River Tigris last

:08:41.:08:43.

The river, which splits the city in two, is now the front line.

:08:44.:08:53.

Iraqi forces advanced into the western side

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via the south on Sunday, moving in on the airport,

:08:56.:08:57.

and also cutting off exit routes to the Syria

:08:58.:09:00.

border to stop IS militants from escaping.

:09:01.:09:01.

Well, our Middle East correspondent Quentin

:09:02.:09:07.

Sommerville is with the Iraqi army in Western Mosul,

:09:08.:09:09.

and - as he's been doing throughout the week -

:09:10.:09:11.

he's sent a flurry of tweets from the front line.

:09:12.:09:14.

Here's a look at part of his story today.

:09:15.:10:11.

And Quentin's Twitter address is of course on-screen there.

:10:12.:10:19.

Donald Trump, speaking to the conservative wing

:10:20.:10:20.

of the Republican Party at an event in Maryland, has renewed his

:10:21.:10:23.

He said "fake news outlets" where the enemy of the people.

:10:24.:10:27.

He also said he was going ahead with building the wall

:10:28.:10:29.

For too long we have traded away our jobs to other countries. So

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terrible. We have defended other nations' borders while leaving ours

:10:40.:10:50.

wide open so anybody can comment. We are going to build the wall, don't

:10:51.:10:55.

worry about it. -- anybody can come in. In fact, it is going to start

:10:56.:10:59.

soon, way ahead of schedule. We ahead schedule. -- way ahead. Way,

:11:00.:11:13.

way, way ahead of schedule. I am not against the press. I don't mind bad

:11:14.:11:17.

stories if I deserve them. And, I tell you, I love good stories, but I

:11:18.:11:24.

don't get too many of them. But I am only against the fake news media or

:11:25.:11:32.

press. Fake, you're that worried. I am against the people that make up

:11:33.:11:37.

stories and make up sources -- you hear that word. They should not be

:11:38.:11:43.

allowed to use sources are mostly use somebody's name.

:11:44.:12:00.

We are also putting in a massive budget request

:12:01.:12:03.

And we will be substantially upgrading all of our military,

:12:04.:12:06.

Bigger and better and stronger than ever before.

:12:07.:12:15.

And hopefully we'll never have to use it.

:12:16.:12:17.

But nobody is going to mess with us, folks.

:12:18.:12:19.

Well, another line coming out of Washington at the moment, the White

:12:20.:12:36.

House correspondents' Association has protested about some journalist

:12:37.:12:40.

are apparently being excluded from a press briefing. China wass from

:12:41.:12:42.

several organisations were told they could not attend an off-camera

:12:43.:12:50.

meeting -- some journalists from several organisations were told.

:12:51.:12:51.

Laura Bicker is in Washington for us.

:12:52.:12:54.

What do we know about this? From what happened today, we understand

:12:55.:13:03.

the white House press officer Sean Spicer said they have expanded the

:13:04.:13:06.

call to include other networks, including the likes of the right

:13:07.:13:13.

wing conservative publication and the Washington Times. When they

:13:14.:13:18.

included the list from today's briefing, these were allowed in, but

:13:19.:13:22.

we understand certain others were not, including the BBC, CNN, the New

:13:23.:13:28.

York Times, political and others. I have a statement from our editor in

:13:29.:13:33.

Washington and he said he understands the white -- White House

:13:34.:13:43.

restrict certain press, however he says on this occasion selected media

:13:44.:13:47.

were not allowed to attend including the BBC. The BBC has a

:13:48.:13:51.

representative at every daily White House briefing, so we are not clear

:13:52.:13:55.

why we were barred from today's and we are seeking clarification from

:13:56.:13:58.

the White House press team. That is going on at the moment. He just

:13:59.:14:03.

mentioned there the White House correspondents' association is all

:14:04.:14:09.

school -- also asking why this has happened. Apart from referring to

:14:10.:14:14.

the press again publicly in Maryland, Donald Trump also spoke

:14:15.:14:18.

about that wall, which is not going away. The new US delegation has been

:14:19.:14:23.

in Mexico as well this week? Yes, that was interesting. He said they

:14:24.:14:26.

were ahead of schedule when it comes to plans for that border wall and

:14:27.:14:31.

work will start soon. The first we have heard there. There were other

:14:32.:14:34.

interesting briefings within that speech, where he spoke about a plan

:14:35.:14:40.

that is being developed to combat the so-called Islamic State. We

:14:41.:14:44.

heard a bit about a plan during his campaign, one he said that would not

:14:45.:14:47.

be made public, but we now understand our plan is being put

:14:48.:14:56.

together. I think the biggest cheer for his speech today, and remember

:14:57.:15:00.

this is almost preaching to the choir, the right wing conservatives

:15:01.:15:03.

happy to have a right-wing president, and the biggest cheer

:15:04.:15:07.

came during the America, first, when he said he would fight for American

:15:08.:15:13.

jobs and American democracy. Laura, from Washington, DC, thank you very

:15:14.:15:15.

much. Stay with us on BBC

:15:16.:15:15.

World News - still to come: Something of interest to the Friday

:15:16.:15:21.

night team in the newsroom, we will look at the new drive in Japan to

:15:22.:15:26.

get people to leave work early on Fridays.

:15:27.:15:29.

The Conservatives have beaten Labour to win the Cumbrian seat of Copeland

:15:30.:15:38.

But Labour held Stoke-on-Trent Central seat, seeing off

:15:39.:15:41.

But the reaction from Jeremy Corbyn, and first the Prime Minister.

:15:42.:15:52.

This is an astounding victory for the Conservative Party but also for

:15:53.:15:58.

the people of Copeland. You know, Labour have held the seat since the

:15:59.:16:04.

1930s. A party in government hasn't won a by-election from the ... From

:16:05.:16:14.

a seat held by the opposition for 35 years. I tell you what happened

:16:15.:16:18.

yesterday, people came out, worked and knocked on doors to deliver a

:16:19.:16:21.

message, a message about the economy, about jobs, about this

:16:22.:16:25.

country, but above all it was a message that hope triumphs over

:16:26.:16:27.

there. -- message that hope

:16:28.:16:34.

triumphs over fear. The brother of North Korean leader

:16:35.:16:51.

Kim Jong-un was reportedly killed by a nerve agent in Malaysia. Donald

:16:52.:16:57.

Trump has claimed he will build the wall on the border with Mexico ahead

:16:58.:17:03.

of schedule. Remember his rally last weekend in Florida, those comments

:17:04.:17:07.

about Sweden? Those comments but a lot of

:17:08.:17:08.

attention and he touched on that again today... I took a lot of heat

:17:09.:17:18.

on Sweden. And then a day later I said, has anybody reported what is

:17:19.:17:24.

going on? It turned out they didn't. Take a look at what happened in

:17:25.:17:28.

Sweden. I love Sweden, great country, great people. But they

:17:29.:17:32.

understand I am right. The people over there understand I am right.

:17:33.:17:36.

Take a look at what is happening in Sweden. The comments Mr Trump was

:17:37.:17:43.

referring to concerned a Fox documentary about alleged violence

:17:44.:17:49.

in Sweden. Our correspondent has been to Malmo, one of Sweden's most

:17:50.:17:53.

diverse cities to see what the situation is really like. You look

:17:54.:17:58.

at what was happening last night in Sweden, Sweden! Who would believe

:17:59.:18:01.

this, Sweden! Since Donald Trump's comments there have been that has

:18:02.:18:08.

been attention on Sweden's approach to immigration. It the more refugees

:18:09.:18:12.

per capita than almost any nation in Europe. Many settled in Malmo, home

:18:13.:18:17.

to one of Sweden's most notorious neighbourhoods. What is it really

:18:18.:18:18.

like there? TRANSLATION: There are a lot more

:18:19.:18:38.

problems in the US than in Sweden, so he should solve the problems in

:18:39.:18:42.

the USA first then he can talk about the problems here in Sweden.

:18:43.:19:00.

Bullies in Sweden did not publish data on the ethnicity of criminals

:19:01.:19:06.

but they tell us that in Malmo, one of Sweden's most diverse cities,

:19:07.:19:10.

crime has gone down actually in the last year. But at the same time fear

:19:11.:19:14.

of crime here has gone up -- police in Sweden. It is this that is

:19:15.:19:18.

driving support for the country's nationalist party who believes

:19:19.:19:21.

Donald Trump was right to link crime and immigration. There are a lot

:19:22.:19:28.

more problems here than we see in more Swedish parts of Sweden. I

:19:29.:19:33.

think the military should help the police get control of these areas.

:19:34.:19:39.

You one for me to going? Yes, exactly. The Swedish government says

:19:40.:19:44.

discussion of no-go zones is wildly exaggerated. When we spend the night

:19:45.:19:47.

there we did not see any outward signs of trouble. So was this

:19:48.:19:55.

typical? Most of the nights are like this, OK, we have problems and we

:19:56.:19:58.

cannot deny that and we have things to work on, absolutely. But,

:19:59.:20:09.

overall, I would say it is quiet. And safe. Many locals say they are

:20:10.:20:15.

fed up your feeling like political footballs in a global debate about

:20:16.:20:18.

immigration, a debate plenty would like to call time on.

:20:19.:20:23.

Let's get some of the sport now. Lizzie Greenwood-Hughes has all the

:20:24.:20:30.

latest. A rather shocking editor to a football fairy tale? Yes, thank

:20:31.:20:34.

you very much. Claudio Ranieri has claimed his dream died after he was

:20:35.:20:40.

sacked as manager of Leicester City. He has now become one of sport's

:20:41.:20:44.

most famous victims after the success of last year. BBC sports

:20:45.:20:58.

editor Dan Rowan reports. At least there is still some loyalty left in

:20:59.:21:02.

Leicester. Claudio Ranieri and the city both came to terms with his

:21:03.:21:07.

dismissal, the miracle worker out of work -- Dan Roan. Emotions among the

:21:08.:21:15.

neighbours, running high. It is a disgrace! Having masterminded the

:21:16.:21:24.

least likely and most popular triumph ever seen in the Premier

:21:25.:21:28.

League, the Italian has become the victim of its most controversial

:21:29.:21:32.

sacking. Nine months ago he was the toast of Leicester... But the fizz

:21:33.:21:41.

has long gone, today's press conference flat. The man who stood

:21:42.:21:45.

beside him in the dugout was left to describe his mood. A bit shocked, as

:21:46.:21:50.

we all were, but his tone was no different. Very level-headed in

:21:51.:21:56.

terms of, that is football. Can you categorically say he had not lost

:21:57.:21:59.

some parts of the dressing room, Claudio Ranieri? There was a lot of

:22:00.:22:04.

frustration because of results but he had not lost the dressing room.

:22:05.:22:08.

But the ruthlessness of the dismissal has shocked even those

:22:09.:22:12.

spent a lifetime in the game. Former Leicester star Gary Lineker did not

:22:13.:22:16.

just present Claudio Ranieri with coach of the year, he paid a very

:22:17.:22:20.

public prize for doubting the team's success and he is angry. Just to

:22:21.:22:28.

toss that all the way of a premature decision, over a disloyal... And in

:22:29.:22:33.

many ways a lack of gratitude, it is quite gobsmacking. I am not ashamed

:22:34.:22:40.

to say that last night when the news broke I shed a tear, I shed a tear

:22:41.:22:46.

for Claudio, for football and for my club. Since then the euphoria has

:22:47.:22:50.

evaporated. The champions languishing one point above the

:22:51.:22:58.

relegation zone. The club's Thai owners said the club was in trouble

:22:59.:23:02.

and they decided to act. The fans are divided. For me, I would have

:23:03.:23:07.

kept him. To find out he had been sacked after what he did last year,

:23:08.:23:12.

disgusting. It was not long ago Claudio Ranieri helped bring the

:23:13.:23:16.

city to a standstill. Many wanted him to stay forever but the journey

:23:17.:23:21.

has ended faster than many imagine. Apologies there for the Sound

:23:22.:23:24.

problems on that film. The former Great Britain coach Brian Noble says

:23:25.:23:29.

he is certain rugby league can be a success in North America. He is now

:23:30.:23:35.

coach of the Toronto Wolfpack, a Canadian team who have begun life in

:23:36.:23:39.

the third tier of British rugby league and have plans of reaching

:23:40.:23:43.

the super league. Thanks to the better Toronto winter they will play

:23:44.:23:45.

half of their home games in England before playing the remainder in

:23:46.:23:49.

Canada. They will have to fund their opposition's travel and

:23:50.:23:52.

accommodation. They play in the challenge cup tomorrow live on the

:23:53.:23:58.

BBC sport website. Back to you. Thank you. Thousands of workers in

:23:59.:24:02.

Japan had the chance to go home early today in the country's first

:24:03.:24:08.

ever Premium Friday, part of a drive to tackle Japan's notoriously long

:24:09.:24:13.

working hours. All offices are being encouraged to close early on the

:24:14.:24:16.

last Friday of every month. People dying from overwork in Japan is such

:24:17.:24:21.

a long-standing problem that it even has its own words...

:24:22.:24:26.

a long-standing problem that it even has its own word...

:24:27.:25:06.

Extraordinary! I will not tell you what we are all saying in the

:25:07.:25:42.

newsroom here. It is of course 24/7 here at the BBC, and we don't mind!

:25:43.:25:47.

All very happy to be here. Carry on watching, because BBC News continues

:25:48.:25:57.

in the coming hours, and I am on Twitter, @ Geeta Guru-Murthy. I will

:25:58.:26:09.

see you soon. Hello there. Good evening. There will be a detailed

:26:10.:26:14.

look at the weather in the UK for the weekend and beyond. Right now we

:26:15.:26:18.

will look at some weather stories elsewhere around the world,

:26:19.:26:19.

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