26/02/2017 World News Today


26/02/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:00.

The headlines - a rising tide of anti-migrant feeling in Germany,

:00:07.:00:21.

as it records more than 3,500 acts of violence against migrants

:00:22.:00:23.

That's an average of nearly ten incidents a day -

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there are calls for the government to do more to protect migrants

:00:28.:00:30.

Anti-Putin sentiment as thousands march in memory

:00:31.:00:32.

of Russian opposition leader, Boris Nemtsov, who was shot dead

:00:33.:00:35.

Also coming up: time to roll out the red carpet in Hollywood,

:00:36.:00:44.

where this year's Oscars are shaping up to be the most politicised

:00:45.:00:47.

The issue is going to be for winners, whichever side of the

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divide they stand on, how do they say something that isn't partisan

:00:56.:00:56.

and pointed? Manchester United leave it late

:00:57.:00:58.

to beat Southampton in a riveting When German Chancellor Angela Merkel

:00:59.:01:01.

opened her country to refugees in 2015, she was praised

:01:02.:01:19.

for her humanitarian stand. But not everyone has offered such

:01:20.:01:24.

a warm welcome to the newcomers. New official figures show

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that there are at least ten attacks More than 900,000 asylum

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seekers were taken into Germany in 2015,

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although that figure The open door policy has proved

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politically sensitive and has led The Interior Ministry figures

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for 2016 showed that there were more that there were more than 2,500

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attacks against individual More than 500 people were injured

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including 43 children. The figures also reveal

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there were almost 1,000 attacks on migrant shelters,

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a similar number to the year before. The issue of migration is expected

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to feature heavily in parliamentary Stephan Dunnwald is from

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the Bavarian Refugees' Council and gave me his reaction

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to the figures released today. We guess that the numbers will be

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high and we criticised, during the past years,

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that every single attack of migrants towards Germans is entering in a big

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debate on German TV, and shows and newspapers,

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and that the attacks on migrants, on refugees especially,

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they are not really And we criticise the Ministry

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of Interior that they are not doing Can you give us some examples

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of what exactly is happening? Have you met people

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who have had this problem? We are not meeting these

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people personally. We are working with these

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volunteers who are assisting and integrating refugees,

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but we often have refugees there who say, OK, I'm

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anxious to go there alone, or, I'm fearing in this flat,

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and we have difficulties in this neighbourhood,

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and so on. In terms of who is behind this,

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is it far-right groups, I mean, a part of it is definitely

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done by far-right groups. But what we see is that,

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in many cases, local people are also trying to attack refugees,

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because they are not happy with refugees living

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in the neighbourhood. And that is a serious thing

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because that is very difficult also. The right-wing groups,

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they are under the radar of the police, but these neighbours

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are, in many cases, unknown and they hide away and they are not

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detected afterwards. In a rare public display

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of anti-government feeling, thousands of people have been taking

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part in an opposition march It's in memory of the murdered

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opposition leader, Boris Nemtsov, who was shot dead in Moscow

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two years ago. Moscow police said 5,000 attended

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the event but organisers put Our correspondent Sarah Rainsford

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has been at the demonstration. This crowd here has come out to

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remember Boris Nemtsov, two years after he was shot in the back and

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killed next to the Kremlin, a murder that shocked Russia and people

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believe it was meant to terrify other voices of opposition into

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silence. They have come out in this act of remembrance and defiance,

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shouting that Russia will be free and will out Putin. I came here

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because it is kind of my job, if I lived in Russia -- I live in Russia,

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I show my voice here, that is it. When Boris Nemtsov was killed, that

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was a tragedy for Russian freedom and for the Russian freedom movement

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and for our family as well. It's very important that we were here

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last year and also this year and we will be there next year, that's for

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sure. Still no real answers as to who killed Boris Nemtsov. There are

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five men from chatting on trial in Moscow who are supposed to be the

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hit men, the contract killers by the man who is alleged to have ordered

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the killing has disappeared and indeed Boris Nemtsov supporters and

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his family and lawyers believe that there is actually a cover-up, that

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the real people behind the murder have not been found. But they do

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believe that Boris Nemtsov was killed because of his political

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views. Russia is heading towards a presidential election next year and

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this march is a reminder that not everyone in Russia agrees with and

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supports President Putin, despite his ashen Mikel ratings in the

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opinion polls -- astronomical ratings. It shows the danger of

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being in opposition here. Just before the march, someone ran out of

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the crowd and through green liquid at the face of one of the opposition

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leaders here. Many people here are carrying flowers that they will take

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to the spot on the bridge where Boris Nemtsov was actually murdered.

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There has been a shrine there ever since. It is guarded by volunteers

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24 hours a day because it has been smashed that I've handled multiple

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times. People are determined to keep the flowers coming in memory of what

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they say Boris Nemtsov stood for, freedom and democracy. In other

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news... Up to 20 people have been injured

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in a fire at a hostel for asylum Two people were hurt after jumping

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from windows and several others suffered the effects

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of smoke inhalation. The cause is unknown,

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but police in Vastra Gotaland have Britain is facing a level

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of terrorist threat which it has not seen since a wave of IRA attacks

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four decades ago, according to the UK's new independent reviewer

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of terror legislation. Writing in The Telegraph newspaper,

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Max Hill says Islamists are targettng UK cities

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and the threat they pose The United Nations' cultural agency

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says the damage caused to Iraq's cultural heritage by Islamic State

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militants has been even The organisation wants to fence off

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archaeological sites to protect them The Iraqi military says it's

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recaptured two districts in western The area of Mosul is the last

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IS stronghold in Iraq. The military says its forces

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overcame a number of suicide car bombs, to take control

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of the two neighbourhoods. The

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militants are surrounded, Tom Robinson heads Oxfam's

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emergency team in Iraq. He's just visited the Oxfam base

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on the southern edge of the fighting area where thousands of families

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are fleeing to and told us They have lived under Isis

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for two and half years. They are living in very

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impoverished conditions, so there is a complete lack

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of services within Mosul. When people flee, they are fleeing

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through front lines, And often there is a

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significant number of trauma cases where families

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are getting injured in the process. Children are normally about 50%

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of the population that flee. It is a very large

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number of children. In the villages up to

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Mosul, in the south, we know that Isis are doing this

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tactic of withholding civilians at and moving the populations

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from area to area. We've had reports of that happening

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as well within Mosul. It is an incredibly complex sort

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of operating environment when it comes to these divisions

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within the Iraqi community. At the moment people are relieved

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to be getting out of Isis Quite often you see this

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clearly, when people arrive at beyond the Iraqi lines

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and into the sort of safe areas. In Bahrain four policemen have been

:09:30.:09:41.

wounded in a bomb attack Authorities say that

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terrorists targeted a bus On Thursday a woman was injured

:09:44.:09:46.

in a blast that took Tensions have been rising in Bahrain

:09:47.:09:49.

since a government crackdown The Afghan Taliban has issued

:09:50.:09:53.

a rare public statement in the name of its leader,

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urging its followers to plant trees. The statement, attributed

:09:59.:10:05.

to Haibatullah Akhundzada, calls on Taliban militants

:10:06.:10:09.

and the general public to plant one or several fruit or non-fruit trees,

:10:10.:10:12.

for the beautification of the earth. The statement says when a Muslim

:10:13.:10:16.

plants a tree it counts as charity because it provides food for birds,

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animals or humans. Haibatullah Akhundzada has been

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in hiding since he assumed the leadership of the insurgent

:10:25.:10:26.

group last May. Now to the Oscars - the musical

:10:27.:10:40.

La La Land leads this year's But there will be some competition,

:10:41.:10:43.

in the form of Manchester One of the nominees for best foreign

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language film is the Iranian drama The Salesman about a middle class

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couple whose relationship begins to crack when they

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move into a new flat. The film's director -

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Asghar Farhadi - is not attending the Oscars ceremony in protest over

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Donald Trump's executive Our Arts Editor Will Gompertz

:10:59.:11:00.

is on the red carpet and says the focus is not just

:11:01.:11:05.

on who will win but Looking at a movie like moonlight,

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the coming-of-age story directed by Barry Jenkins. He will be the first

:11:20.:11:23.

black person to win best director. Within the movie, the best

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supporting actor, Marat Charlotte Ali, a Muslim actor who has spoken

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powerfully about what it is like in America -- Mahershala Ali. We see

:11:38.:11:44.

the politics and the movies coming together. This is the most

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politically charged Oscars I can remember. I know we had World War I

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and World War II, but the atmosphere is so uncertain and anxious, this is

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a public platform going to hundreds of millions of people around the

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world and people want to express themselves. The issue for the

:12:03.:12:07.

winners, whatever side of the divide they stand on, how do they say

:12:08.:12:13.

something that isn't partisan and pointed, but is poignant and

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captures what everyone is feeling on both sides of the divide and there's

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something profound? Very difficult to do. Marlon Brando did it in 73

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when he refused his best actor Oscar for the Godfather and he sent a

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Native American woman to reject the Oscar on his behalf and explained

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that she was doing so because Marlon Brando disapproved of the treatment

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of Native Americans in the movies. It was a strong message, it got

:12:45.:12:48.

booze and applause, but it became part of Oscar history. Do you think

:12:49.:12:55.

people are worried about any backlash? We saw what happened with

:12:56.:13:01.

Meryl Streep after her comments. Or do people think it could help their

:13:02.:13:07.

personal position. Do you know what, I know that we not stars quite a lot

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but I don't think anybody is that small minded. Trying to get the

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measure of the moment. If people don't like what President Trump is

:13:16.:13:20.

doing, if they don't like his immigration ban, they will be

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concerned but they don't want to play into his hands, to sound like

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bleeding-heart liberals, luvvies, and he can say that they were bound

:13:28.:13:37.

to say that. And the movies now! La La Land, is that out of sync with

:13:38.:13:42.

the politics, or is it escapism? Great question, it could go either

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way. If the Oscars were two weeks ago, La La Land would storm it. Such

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is the speed of change and sentiment in the country, it may be perceived

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as a little bit Lovie, so perhaps Moonlight will take it. La La Land

:13:59.:14:05.

is fluffy but it is a good piece of film-making that fits into a genre

:14:06.:14:08.

that goes back to the golden age of Hollywood, the French new wave of

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the 60s, it isn't cynical, it's about dreams and ideas. Hollywood

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loves that. But I think Barry Jenkins may well win for Moonlight

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and if he does he will be the first black person to win best director.

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If he doesn't win it's going to be Damien Chazelle, the youngest person

:14:30.:14:33.

to win best director. It is going to be politically charged, and I think

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history is going to be made. We will bring you the Oscars as it

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happens. Stay with us, much more coming up.

:14:47.:14:56.

Nokia goes back to the future, as it re-launches the iconic

:14:57.:15:03.

mobile phone, 17 years after it was first released.

:15:04.:15:06.

Prince Charles proposed to Princess Diana three weeks ago. As

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revolutions go, this had its fair share of bullets. Symmetry's name,

:15:13.:15:25.

summing up the cruel regime. Scientists in Scotland have cloned a

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sheep called Dolly using cells from another seat. The news was greeted

:15:31.:15:36.

as if it was the first in Kuwait and in this City, among the richest in

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the world, Kuwaitis can gather freely again. Not for 20 years have

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locusts been seen in such numbers in this part of Africa. Some swarms

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have been ten miles long. The last time the public will see this pipe,

:15:50.:15:53.

very soon, for the credibility of the next Pope, Benedict will, in his

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words, be hidden from the world for the rest of his life.

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The German government condemns violence as it reveals

:16:08.:16:13.

Thousands of Russians march in Moscow, in memory of the murdered

:16:14.:16:19.

Aid has started to reach some of the 100,000 people

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affected by famine in parts of South Sudan.

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Three years of civil war has driven families into the marshes

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of the river Nile to hide from the fighting,

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and aid agencies have been struggling to deliver food.

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Our Africa Correspondent Alastair Leithead travelled

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to a rebel-held area - to the town of Thonyor,

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close to the frontline, but where people have been told

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They came in their thousands as word spread that help was on its way.

:16:53.:17:09.

Most were women and children, hungry, tired and waiting under a

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burning sun. They had fled into the marshlands of the Nile to escape the

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Civil War that is destroying the world's youngest country but now

:17:19.:17:22.

they are desperate. Despite the risks, they have come out for help.

:17:23.:17:26.

This is the heart of the area that has been declared a famine.

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Thousands of people having in this area to register to receive food

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aid, coming from the marshes and swamps where they've been hiding

:17:36.:17:40.

from the fighting. There are thousands more people who cannot

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reach here and they desperately need help. Each card entitles them to one

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month of food rations which will be airdropped over the next few days.

:17:50.:17:58.

Everyone tells a similar story of hunger on the islands, surviving off

:17:59.:18:04.

wild honey and water lilies. People are dying of starvation, she said,

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that's why we are here, lining up for help. And she talked about how

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hard the war has been, especially for older women who cannot run to

:18:15.:18:21.

the river, people looting their possessions. This is what is left of

:18:22.:18:27.

the Medecins Sans Frontiere clinic, destroyed when government troops

:18:28.:18:33.

briefly took the town in November. This is the market, now back in

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rebel hands. It is the rebel leader's birthplace which is why

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many suspect it is being targeted so harshly. TRANSLATION: The government

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militia kill and abduct people, they raid and steel cows, burning houses

:18:51.:18:55.

in the church. The UN needs both sides to agree to a ceasefire before

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they can bring aid into the contested areas. The lack of access

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has contributed to the famine. What we've had for many months, the

:19:06.:19:09.

humanitarian agencies have not been able to make it here. This is the

:19:10.:19:13.

first time we are doing so. It is a real issue. We need people to

:19:14.:19:18.

understand that without safety and assurances of security for the

:19:19.:19:21.

people and aid workers, we have a catastrophic situation. Malnutrition

:19:22.:19:29.

is manageable here, despite the famine, but it is the places where

:19:30.:19:32.

help cannot reach that hunger is taking lives.

:19:33.:19:38.

It was a big day at Wembley today. Details now.

:19:39.:19:46.

England's rugby players are still on course for a potential

:19:47.:19:49.

Grand Slam in the Six Nations, but they were made

:19:50.:19:51.

The score, England 36, Italy 15 doesn't reveal

:19:52.:19:56.

team had to endure before they sealed their 17th

:19:57.:19:59.

Italy had a five-point lead at half-time, and for much

:20:00.:20:04.

of the match made life very difficult for Eddie Jones' England.

:20:05.:20:07.

In theory, Italy came here to try and win the game although the

:20:08.:20:19.

realistic ambition was to frustrate England and they certainly achieved

:20:20.:20:24.

that. At one point, the England captain and one of the senior

:20:25.:20:27.

players were talking to the referee trying to work out what is going on.

:20:28.:20:32.

Italy had interpreted one of the rules surrounding the ruck and

:20:33.:20:35.

offside positions to such an extent that England were not sure what was

:20:36.:20:40.

going on and Eddie Jones, the coach, was furious at the end of the match.

:20:41.:20:46.

Half-time, Italy were ahead. It wasn't until the final ten minutes

:20:47.:20:49.

of the match when England finally broke three and overwhelmed Italy to

:20:50.:20:53.

get the bonus which tried to go past 30 points. That would have been a

:20:54.:20:57.

minimum of their expectations. Eddie Jones told his players he wanted to

:20:58.:21:01.

take Italy to the cleaners. They didn't do that, England got the

:21:02.:21:05.

bonus point but Italy, with so much talk about whether they deserve a

:21:06.:21:09.

place in the Six Nations, left Twickenham having made their point.

:21:10.:21:16.

It wasn't rugby, let's face facts. You have to have the offside line to

:21:17.:21:20.

play the game. Italy were smart and congratulations to their coaching

:21:21.:21:24.

staff and players, executing the plan, but it wasn't rugby. If I was

:21:25.:21:30.

the BBC, I would be asking the RFC for their money back. We need some

:21:31.:21:36.

proper rugby. Doesn't mince his words!

:21:37.:21:42.

Southampton 3-2 to win the EFL Cup Final at Wembley.

:21:43.:21:45.

Zlatan Ibrahimovic was the key player for United,

:21:46.:21:49.

scoring two of their goals, including the winner four minutes

:21:50.:21:53.

Southampton will consider themselves unlucky.

:21:54.:21:55.

They had a goal wrongly disallowed and then came back from 2-0 down

:21:56.:21:58.

It was manager Jose Mourinho's eighth major trophy in England.

:21:59.:22:07.

A third hat trick in nine games from Harry Kane saw

:22:08.:22:09.

Tottenham Hotspur move up to second place in the Premier League table

:22:10.:22:12.

All four goals were scored in the first half in a 4-0 victory

:22:13.:22:17.

for Mauriccio Pochettino's team, but despite going above

:22:18.:22:18.

Manchester City they're still 10 points behind leaders Chelsea.

:22:19.:22:23.

Kane has now scored 12 goals in 11 games in all competitions

:22:24.:22:29.

since the start of 2017, and this was his second hat-trick

:22:30.:22:32.

in a week following Spurs' FA Cup fifth-round victory over

:22:33.:22:34.

He's playing at a very good level. He's fantastic. He's one of the top

:22:35.:22:53.

strikers in the world and I think he deserves it because he's a great

:22:54.:22:56.

professional, top man. Happy for him. He scored the goals and Dele

:22:57.:23:02.

Alli scored a goal. What about the response from him because he was

:23:03.:23:04.

under pressure after Thursday? He's a great boy. I'm very pleased with

:23:05.:23:12.

him. He deserves it after a difficult few days for him. Today I

:23:13.:23:22.

think he was fantastic on the pitch and Lord. Very happy too for him.

:23:23.:23:26.

champion Sir Mo Farah has insisted that he is a clean athlete who has

:23:27.:23:31.

He released a statement following the publication of fresh

:23:32.:23:34.

allegations about his coach Alberto Salazar.

:23:35.:23:36.

The Sunday Times has a leaked report from

:23:37.:23:38.

the United States Anti Doping Agency, which

:23:39.:23:40.

claims that Salazar might

:23:41.:23:41.

have abused prescription medicines and drug infusions.

:23:42.:23:43.

Farah said that it was upsetting that some parts of the media

:23:44.:23:47.

try to associate him with allegations of drug misuse

:23:48.:23:50.

Nokia's 3310 phone has just been relaunched, nearly 17

:23:51.:24:04.

More than 126 million were produced before it was phased out in 2005.

:24:05.:24:11.

The revamped version will be sold under licence by the Finnish

:24:12.:24:14.

Our technology correspondent Rory Cellan Jones reports

:24:15.:24:17.

from the Mobile World Congress 2017 in Barcelona.

:24:18.:24:24.

It is back, the Nokia 3310, a much beloved classic that used to love

:24:25.:24:30.

for ever and it is going to be reborn by the new owners of the

:24:31.:24:36.

Nokia brand, HMD. But if Nokia is to make a huge comeback it isn't going

:24:37.:24:39.

to be this that will do it, it will be a smartphone call the Nokia six

:24:40.:24:45.

and I'm joined by the chief executive of HMD, which is bringing

:24:46.:24:48.

back these brands. Is this the future, or that? It is absolutely

:24:49.:24:54.

our smartphone that is the future. This is where we are putting our

:24:55.:24:57.

ever sad way we are driving, with our partners. There is still a

:24:58.:25:04.

consumer -based that we are serving and it isn't that small. There are

:25:05.:25:09.

people who prefer this to smartphones. It is going down

:25:10.:25:13.

slightly which is why we are focusing on smartphones. There was a

:25:14.:25:17.

lot of affection for that. Yes, a lot of interest and media, and that

:25:18.:25:23.

is serving a purpose but now we are driving the next chapter of Nokia.

:25:24.:25:27.

Is there a danger that the message you are sending out is a nostalgic

:25:28.:25:32.

one about an old phone rather than the future phone? This is a big day,

:25:33.:25:40.

it is entertaining. This is a big statement, we are driving the next

:25:41.:25:46.

chapter of Nokia, this is our story. Our partners, more than 500 partners

:25:47.:25:52.

globally, have decided to drive with us the next chapter of Nokia, more

:25:53.:25:56.

than 120 companies. We are going to be global. See you soon, by.

:25:57.:26:09.

A mixed bag of whether earlier today, wet and windy for some,

:26:10.:26:17.

mostly drive for other people. This is Glasgow cometh heavy rain

:26:18.:26:18.

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