02/06/2017 World News Today


02/06/2017

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A warning to President Trump from the EU and China.

:00:15.:00:20.

They say he's making a major error by withdrawing

:00:21.:00:23.

from the Paris Climate pact, and promise to step up

:00:24.:00:25.

Today, China and Europe have demonstrated solidarity with future

:00:26.:00:29.

generations and responsibility with the whole planet.

:00:30.:00:35.

Mr Trump's accused by developing countries of showing disregard

:00:36.:00:37.

for millions of lives - but one major oil company boss says

:00:38.:00:40.

it won't change the move towards clean energy.

:00:41.:00:49.

At least five people have been killed in the Afghan capital,

:00:50.:00:52.

after police opened fire on protesters angry

:00:53.:00:58.

And he's openly gay and the son of Indian immigrants and he's set

:00:59.:01:07.

Celebrations in a Dutch court after a group of people conceived in a

:01:08.:01:16.

fertility clinic gained the right to learn if the doctor was their

:01:17.:01:17.

father. And he's openly gay and the son

:01:18.:01:18.

of Indian immigrants and he's set to become Ireland's new Prime

:01:19.:01:21.

Minister. Hello and welcome

:01:22.:01:30.

to World News Today. Donald Trump's decision to withdraw

:01:31.:01:36.

the US from the Paris climate change agreement has

:01:37.:01:39.

been internationally condemned. The group of the world's 48 least

:01:40.:01:40.

developed countries accused Mr Trump of showing disregard

:01:41.:01:43.

for millions of lives. India, China and the European Union

:01:44.:01:49.

have restated their But President Trump's senior

:01:50.:01:51.

economic adviser Gary Cohn said the decision allows the US

:01:52.:01:57.

to keep its options open to get Today we are stepping

:01:58.:02:00.

up our cooperation on climate Which means that today China

:02:01.:02:04.

and Europe has demonstrated solidarity with future generations

:02:05.:02:10.

and responsibility We are convinced that yesterday's

:02:11.:02:15.

decision by the United States to leave the Paris agreement

:02:16.:02:24.

is a big mistake. Bigger than not ratifying

:02:25.:02:28.

the Kyoto protocol. The fight against climate change

:02:29.:02:33.

and all the research, innovation and technology

:02:34.:02:36.

and progress it will bring will continue,

:02:37.:02:38.

with or without the United States. International condemnation but Mr

:02:39.:03:02.

Trump seems set on his ways. Yes, he believes he has kept a promise, if

:03:03.:03:08.

routine made in how oil -- in Pennsylvania to those he calls the

:03:09.:03:12.

forgotten people, the workers in coal and oil and gas. These, he

:03:13.:03:20.

says, I see easily elected -- elected him to pull out of this

:03:21.:03:26.

deal. The Environmental Protection Agency has briefed reporters at the

:03:27.:03:32.

White House. She has said that the Trump administration believes this

:03:33.:03:38.

is a bad deal, that the Paris climate agreement is a bad deal for

:03:39.:03:43.

workers and jobs. He said that other countries may help negotiate and

:03:44.:03:49.

they can negotiate if they wish but he reiterated the point that if they

:03:50.:03:53.

don't this is fine, too. He was challenged on several occasions by

:03:54.:03:59.

reporters who are keen to find out whether or not President Trump

:04:00.:04:02.

believes climate change is real and whether or not it is caused by

:04:03.:04:07.

humans. He said that measuring the human impact of climate change is

:04:08.:04:14.

challenging. He said he has indicated that human activity

:04:15.:04:19.

contributes to it in summer manner. But when comes to those

:04:20.:04:24.

conversations he's had with Donald Trump, he said they both agreed that

:04:25.:04:29.

when it came to that agreement it wasn't in America's interests. We'll

:04:30.:04:35.

talk to you in a moment. Let's hear some of the words from the man

:04:36.:04:40.

himself. The president made a courageous decision yesterday in

:04:41.:04:47.

behalf of America. He put America's interests first with respected

:04:48.:04:51.

environmental agreements in international discussions. I

:04:52.:04:53.

appreciate his fortitude and leadership in this matter. The

:04:54.:04:58.

discussion has been one of a thoughtful collaboration of the last

:04:59.:05:01.

few weeks. He heard many voices across a wide spectrum and the

:05:02.:05:08.

President made an informed and thoughtful decision for the

:05:09.:05:14.

country's benefit. Is there not some concern that the United States, the

:05:15.:05:19.

world leader, isn't leading the way when it comes to climate change?

:05:20.:05:24.

Within the top of the recession, they are not concerned about that.

:05:25.:05:29.

International condemnation of job there are shoulders. They've had a

:05:30.:05:36.

lot of praise from leading Republicans, the house speaker.

:05:37.:05:43.

These people have come forward and said that Donald Trump has made the

:05:44.:05:46.

right decision for American businesses. You're right, there has

:05:47.:05:52.

been condemnation from within. If you look at the likes of California,

:05:53.:05:57.

New York, Washington State governors, they've said they will

:05:58.:06:01.

try to keep on fulfilling their climate change agreement. That

:06:02.:06:10.

commitment that America made to cut at least 26% of carbon emissions by

:06:11.:06:17.

2025. As full 60 other males of major US cities, including

:06:18.:06:23.

Pittsburgh, the city Donald Trump named saying he represents the

:06:24.:06:27.

people of Pittsburgh not Paris. The measure of Pittsburgh has put out a

:06:28.:06:31.

climate change order today saying that his city will work towards the

:06:32.:06:36.

Paris climate change agreement. There is some dissent within the US.

:06:37.:06:38.

Thank you. India, a country attacked

:06:39.:06:41.

by Donald Trump as benefiting from the climate agreement,

:06:42.:06:43.

has said it remains Prime Minister Narendra Modi

:06:44.:06:45.

said the exploitation This was expected to be

:06:46.:06:53.

India's energy future when Prime Minister Narendra Modi

:06:54.:07:04.

came to power three years ago. He said economic growth

:07:05.:07:08.

was the priority. The forecast was that India,

:07:09.:07:16.

already the third biggest producer of greenhouse gases in the world,

:07:17.:07:19.

would treble emissions But things have changed more quickly

:07:20.:07:21.

than anyone expected. Suddenly, instead of coal

:07:22.:07:30.

being the first recourse for powering India, renewable energy

:07:31.:07:32.

becomes the first recourse The price of renewable energy has

:07:33.:07:34.

really, really fallen fast. While renewable energy

:07:35.:07:42.

was about 14 rupees, or about 20 US cents,

:07:43.:07:46.

per unit of electricity about five years ago,

:07:47.:07:48.

it has now fallen to about 2.5 That makes renewable energy cost

:07:49.:07:51.

competitive with coal. Last year, one of the world's

:07:52.:08:01.

biggest solar plants opened here. India needs to massively increase

:08:02.:08:05.

the amount of power it produces. 300 million Indians still have no

:08:06.:08:08.

access to electricity and the average Indian uses a tenth

:08:09.:08:12.

of the power of an American. India's emissions will have

:08:13.:08:21.

to increase, but because of the technological changes

:08:22.:08:25.

and because of the energy efficiency, India's emissions

:08:26.:08:27.

will increase at a slower rate and will probably start increasing

:08:28.:08:30.

faster and at a lower level than everybody expected

:08:31.:08:33.

they would just a few years ago. Isn't that the Indian Government has

:08:34.:08:41.

certainly been converted This is about economics,

:08:42.:08:44.

not ideology. But arguably, that makes it

:08:45.:08:49.

even more significant. Because if doing the right thing

:08:50.:08:53.

is also the most profitable thing, people are far more likely

:08:54.:08:56.

to want to do it. Some the world's biggest oil

:08:57.:09:05.

companies have said they still ExxonMobil said the 2105 accord

:09:06.:09:07.

remained a "critical" step, given rising emissions

:09:08.:09:18.

from developing countries. Another US firm, Chevron,

:09:19.:09:20.

said its policies on reducing emissions would remain aligned

:09:21.:09:22.

with the targets set out in Paris. Meanwhile the boss of BP,

:09:23.:09:25.

Bob Dudley, took a slightly different tack, saying some

:09:26.:09:27.

of the reaction to Trump's announcement had been "extreme"

:09:28.:09:30.

and that it wouldn't change his company's plans

:09:31.:09:32.

to move to cleaner fuels. Well, I know there is a lot

:09:33.:09:34.

of extreme reaction, big reaction to it, but the reality

:09:35.:09:36.

is it has only been 12-16 hours since the announcement came

:09:37.:09:39.

and I know the United States is a centre of innovation

:09:40.:09:42.

in lots of clean technology and things, so I think it is more

:09:43.:09:47.

of a symbolic stepping out of the agreement,

:09:48.:09:50.

which I think takes, from what I understand,

:09:51.:09:52.

more than three years to do anyway, so I wouldn't overreact

:09:53.:09:55.

to it whatsoever. Quite a surprising move

:09:56.:09:56.

from the president. Did you ever think

:09:57.:09:58.

this day would come? Well, I think, as Dan Yergin said

:09:59.:10:00.

earlier, all through the campaign, those statements were made so,

:10:01.:10:03.

in many ways, it's not that much of a surprise but let's wait and see

:10:04.:10:06.

what the substance of it is. I know the United States will be

:10:07.:10:11.

the centre of lots of clean technology innovation so I wouldn't

:10:12.:10:14.

overreact to it. I think it doesn't matter, it's not

:10:15.:10:17.

going to change our strategy. We have in place a strategy

:10:18.:10:22.

to recognise the long wave line transition to a low carbon energy

:10:23.:10:26.

is absolutely inevitable, it is under way, so we have

:10:27.:10:28.

a strategy that works with what we have today in research,

:10:29.:10:32.

development and renewables Erik Solheim is the head of UN

:10:33.:10:34.

Environment Programme - Hagen panicking a little bit too

:10:35.:10:58.

much given that Trump has made this announcement gesture Mike? It's a

:10:59.:11:06.

setback but it's in no way the end of the Paris agreement. India is

:11:07.:11:18.

positive. We've just heard both on BBC. China are moving faster. The

:11:19.:11:32.

private sector is in the lead. It is the private sector that is leading

:11:33.:11:38.

the renewable revolution in the US. The big companies, Facebook, Google,

:11:39.:11:43.

Apple, Microsoft, they've said that they disagree with the president but

:11:44.:11:47.

will move ahead and bring the renewable revolution anyway. Given

:11:48.:11:54.

that Americans use up some of the most energy converted to other

:11:55.:11:58.

nations, it is a setback. Surely they should be leading the way.

:11:59.:12:05.

Absolutely. We need the leadership but in the absence of the American

:12:06.:12:09.

leadership, it's refreshing to see that the private sector is waiting

:12:10.:12:14.

in the United States, states like California, Washington, New York are

:12:15.:12:18.

leading, these are some of the most modern states with some of the

:12:19.:12:23.

biggest companies. China and India are taking up leadership with

:12:24.:12:31.

Europe. Europe and China are aligning for climate action. Just a

:12:32.:12:35.

a few years back, it was not possible for Europe and China line

:12:36.:12:39.

with each other in the absence of United States. As in the

:12:40.:12:44.

international community failed, not being able to convince the leader of

:12:45.:12:50.

the United states that climate change is a thing? -- hasn't the

:12:51.:12:56.

international community failed. We have tried it and was in focus too

:12:57.:13:02.

on the -- and I wouldn't focus too much on the United States. But

:13:03.:13:09.

wasn't Ronald Reagan that launched the digital revolution, nor Jimmy

:13:10.:13:12.

Carter. It is companies and people that drive the renewable revolution.

:13:13.:13:16.

Its companies that are driving it but if you don't have, if you still

:13:17.:13:22.

have doubters within the international community, what's that

:13:23.:13:27.

stop other people that might change their minds? We have some -- refuse

:13:28.:13:37.

signals of the break-up of his deal. That is because of the leadership in

:13:38.:13:44.

China, Africa, Europe. The main reason, the fact that you cannot be

:13:45.:13:48.

both environmentally friendly and develop fast at the same time. Until

:13:49.:13:53.

recently, there may have been a contradiction here. You needed to

:13:54.:13:57.

make a choice but now sold and wind energy can compete with coal. It is

:13:58.:14:09.

a win, win. As you see in India, providing jobs and green energy at

:14:10.:14:16.

the same time. We have to leave it there. Thank you so much.

:14:17.:14:17.

Here in the UK, with less than a week to go

:14:18.:14:20.

until the general election, opinion polls suggest the race

:14:21.:14:22.

In just over an hour's time, the Prime Minister,

:14:23.:14:26.

Theresa May, and the Leader of the Opposition Labour Party,

:14:27.:14:29.

Jeremy Corbyn, will face members of the public in a live TV question

:14:30.:14:33.

The BBC's Ros Atkins is in York, where the BBC's holding the special

:14:34.:14:38.

It is one of the last chances for Jeremy Corbyn and Theresa May to

:14:39.:14:44.

make a pitch live on national TV to the electorate.

:14:45.:14:49.

In terms of how the audience has been selected, this is

:14:50.:14:57.

a BBC question Time special but, as you know, BBC Question Time

:14:58.:15:00.

broadcasts many times throughout the year on the BBC,

:15:01.:15:03.

it has a devoted production team which is very used

:15:04.:15:05.

to pulling together audiences which are

:15:06.:15:06.

city or area of the country they are visiting.

:15:07.:15:10.

That same process has been followed today so this audience will

:15:11.:15:12.

not be a representation of the UK, it will be a representation of York

:15:13.:15:16.

There is a renewed interest in both what

:15:17.:15:19.

Theresa May and Jeremy Corbyn are saying because, as you say,

:15:20.:15:24.

there is a perception, widely accepted by

:15:25.:15:26.

people following the campaign closely, that's Theresa May has had

:15:27.:15:28.

a couple of tough days in the last two weeks around the U-turn on how

:15:29.:15:31.

social care will be paid for, and also her

:15:32.:15:34.

the big BBC leaders debate a couple of nights ago

:15:35.:15:37.

Jeremy Corbyn, largely given a tough time by the print

:15:38.:15:41.

media in the UK, has had a good campaign,

:15:42.:15:47.

he has not had any huge gaffes beyond one in a BBC Radio

:15:48.:15:50.

interview when he forgot a statistic which created bad headlines, but

:15:51.:15:55.

generally his campaign has gone well and that meant the music has

:15:56.:15:58.

slightly changed, the polls have tightened, and while we need to be

:15:59.:16:01.

cautious we can certainly say he is applying pressure on Theresa May

:16:02.:16:04.

that perhaps wasn't there when she called this election

:16:05.:16:06.

when some polls gave her a lead of up to 20 points.

:16:07.:16:11.

That Question Time leaders' special starts in just

:16:12.:16:17.

At least five people have died in Afghanistan after police opened

:16:18.:16:23.

Hospital sources told the BBC another five were admitted

:16:24.:16:26.

Live bullets and tear gas was used by police to disperse a large crowd.

:16:27.:16:30.

They were protesting against deteriorating

:16:31.:16:32.

This is the second day of protests close to where a car bomb

:16:33.:16:37.

on Wednesday killed more than 90 people.

:16:38.:16:38.

Police fired water cannon and live bullets as protesters approached

:16:39.:16:49.

the presidential palace in Kabul, itself just metres from the site

:16:50.:16:51.

Earlier in the day, crowds had gathered,

:16:52.:16:57.

chanting slogans calling on the president to resign

:16:58.:16:59.

and demanding more be done to prevent such attacks.

:17:00.:17:10.

There has been a lot of anger from the crowd all day,

:17:11.:17:13.

directed at anyone and everyone that they hold responsible

:17:14.:17:15.

At Pakistan and the militant network the Haqqanis,

:17:16.:17:19.

who they allege were responsible, at international forces for not

:17:20.:17:21.

providing enough security here, and at the Afghan government.

:17:22.:17:26.

Some of those protesting were demanding the execution

:17:27.:17:28.

of a number of prisoners from the Haqqani network

:17:29.:17:30.

TRANSLATION: The officials say it is hard to tell

:17:31.:17:39.

Well, they should come out into the streets with us

:17:40.:17:43.

They should start by executing the Haqqani

:17:44.:17:46.

The protest began peacefully but five people were shot

:17:47.:17:52.

by police as clashes erupted between protesters

:17:53.:17:54.

TRANSLATION: Look what they have done to us.

:17:55.:18:01.

We are being killed every day in terrorist attacks so why should

:18:02.:18:05.

Protests like this are unusual in Afghanistan

:18:06.:18:11.

but there is real anger here at the deteriorating

:18:12.:18:13.

Officials, though, say the country is doing all it can.

:18:14.:18:22.

We know we are fighting more than 20 international terrorist

:18:23.:18:24.

Afghanistan is the only country in the world now that is fighting

:18:25.:18:32.

With the capability, with the numbers of security forces

:18:33.:18:38.

we have, we are still doing very good.

:18:39.:18:43.

Afghanistan often sees an upsurge of violence in the Muslim holy month

:18:44.:18:45.

of Ramadan and it is hard to rule out the prospect of more attacks

:18:46.:18:49.

A group of children conceived through IVF have won the right

:18:50.:19:03.

to have the DNA of the doctor at the sperm bank tested.

:19:04.:19:06.

They believe he may be their biological father.

:19:07.:19:11.

Jan Karbaat, who died last April, is suspected of replacing the sperm

:19:12.:19:14.

chosen by their mothers, with his own.

:19:15.:19:15.

He could have fathered around 60 children.

:19:16.:19:19.

Anna Holligan was in Rotterdam District Court

:19:20.:19:21.

This was just the first round but you can see

:19:22.:19:27.

The room is full of people wondering if the person sitting next to them

:19:28.:19:33.

Their mothers all had IVF and now they believe

:19:34.:19:49.

the doctor who ran the clinic, secretly inseminated them

:19:50.:19:52.

TRANSLATION: I did not see the similarities at first sight

:19:53.:19:55.

but, after having spoken with the lawyer who told me a couple

:19:56.:19:58.

of indicators that biological children of Karbaat have,

:19:59.:20:02.

an overbite, a feet condition and hypermobility,

:20:03.:20:04.

both characteristics, my son has two.

:20:05.:20:13.

TRANSLATION: I want to know for sure that this is my dad.

:20:14.:20:16.

But if anyone asks me who my dad is, you can probably answer

:20:17.:20:22.

the question, at this moment I cannot answer the question.

:20:23.:20:27.

Dr Karbaat called himself a pioneer in the field of fertilisation.

:20:28.:20:32.

This incredible case has raised questions about how IVF

:20:33.:20:35.

clinics and the procedures they offer are monitored.

:20:36.:20:37.

TRANSLATION: For the donor children, we hope we can work together

:20:38.:20:46.

with the biological children of Mr Karbaat to sample

:20:47.:20:51.

and match their DNA so we can see if there is a match

:20:52.:20:57.

And even if his family refused to cooperate,

:20:58.:20:59.

the judge agreed DNA samples can be taken from items seized

:21:00.:21:04.

from Dr Karbaat's home shortly after his death.

:21:05.:21:07.

That DNA profile will then be sealed until another judge rules

:21:08.:21:09.

on whether the results can be compared to the DNA

:21:10.:21:12.

Ireland is set to have it's first gay Prime Minister.

:21:13.:21:22.

Within the last hour, Leo Varadkar has been named

:21:23.:21:24.

as the new leader of Fine Gael, the biggest party in Ireland's

:21:25.:21:27.

This was the scene at Mansion House in central Dublin,

:21:28.:21:35.

where Mr Varadkar's supporters celebrated the news.

:21:36.:21:36.

He is the son of an Indian immigrant and also Ireland's first

:21:37.:21:39.

He was the favourite to take over from Prime Minister Enda Kenny,

:21:40.:21:43.

who resigned last month after leading the party

:21:44.:21:45.

Around the world, people look to Ireland to be reminded that this

:21:46.:21:50.

is a country where it doesn't matter where you come from but rather

:21:51.:21:53.

I know when my father travelled 5000 miles to build

:21:54.:21:58.

a new home in Ireland, I doubt he ever dreamt that his son

:21:59.:22:02.

would one day grow up to become its leader and that,

:22:03.:22:06.

despite his differences, his son would be treated the same

:22:07.:22:10.

and judged by his actions in character, not his

:22:11.:22:12.

Joining me from Dublin is the BBC's Chris Page.

:22:13.:22:25.

It's a day of firsts for Ireland. Yes, a number of firsts. Leo

:22:26.:22:35.

Varadkar is set to become the Prime Minister. He's been elected the

:22:36.:22:38.

leader of the largest party. You'll also be the first gay leader, the

:22:39.:22:45.

youngest leader in history and the first of Asian descent. He's half

:22:46.:22:51.

Indian, his father is an Indian doctor that came to live here in the

:22:52.:22:56.

1970s. He married an Irish nurse and they settled in Dublin, where Leo

:22:57.:23:01.

Varadkar corrupt. It was a different country then. Divorce and

:23:02.:23:08.

homosexuality were in the 1990s. Until then, they were relatively few

:23:09.:23:12.

England and Ireland was one of the poorest countries Europe. Then a

:23:13.:23:17.

huge economic boom and Ireland became one of the gritters

:23:18.:23:24.

countries, then a crash and now Ireland has recovered and we are now

:23:25.:23:28.

one of the fastest-growing economies. He embodies the Liberals

:23:29.:23:37.

-- liberalisation of Ireland. It was once one of the most socially

:23:38.:23:39.

conservative countries in the European Union. When it comes to the

:23:40.:23:48.

contenders, Simon Coveney one the most thoughts from the ordinarily

:23:49.:23:52.

members of the party. How did Leo Varadkar win? Yes, Ireland has never

:23:53.:23:58.

had a leadership contest like this before. It opened its entitlement to

:23:59.:24:04.

ship up to voting. To make a major leadership event of the contest.

:24:05.:24:10.

There may be a general election if you're this your next year, voting

:24:11.:24:18.

was extended to all party members, but electoral college system meant

:24:19.:24:22.

that party members in parliament had the biggest say, therefore it's

:24:23.:24:26.

counted for much more than anyone else and the Parliamentary party

:24:27.:24:32.

footed by an overwhelming majority -- party voted by an overbearing

:24:33.:24:36.

majority in favour of Leo Varadkar. He's a major darling, in some eyes

:24:37.:24:45.

and this is why they think he will be the man to lead them into a

:24:46.:24:48.

general election, he would be the man to shore up the position in

:24:49.:24:54.

parliament. At the moment, Fine Gael is a majority Government. And I was

:24:55.:24:59.

sick in that sense. Note that one has his biggest -- and digs are

:25:00.:25:07.

shaky in that sense. His predecessor has said that the exit of the UK

:25:08.:25:12.

from the European Union is Ireland boss Matt biggest challenge yet.

:25:13.:25:18.

There is no doubt that the exit of Britain's economy from Europe will

:25:19.:25:22.

be a big challenge. He's got some big shoes to fill. And Connor is

:25:23.:25:29.

resigning 15 years. -- Enda Kenny is resigning after 15 years. Yes, he

:25:30.:25:35.

was Prime Minister of road for six years. She has given a resounding

:25:36.:25:40.

endorsement to Leo Varadkar. It is appointing general election results

:25:41.:25:46.

last year. Now Leo Varadkar takes on the mantle. A new route within the

:25:47.:25:56.

over. Thank you very much. Much more on Leo Varadkar on the website. You

:25:57.:25:57.

can also get in touch on twitter. The weekend is upon us and the

:25:58.:26:13.

weather is looking mixed. Overall, not bad for most. A lots of sunshine

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around if you

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