02/07/2017 World News Today


02/07/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

Hello and welcome to World News Today.

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Interior ministers from three European countries are meeting

:00:18.:00:19.

in Paris to decide how to tackle the growing migrant crisis

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Italy has become increasingly alarmed by a sharp rise in arrivals

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and wants other EU countries to open their ports.

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And there's concern the number of rescue boats are encouraging

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ever more people to make the perilous journey.

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Over the long hours of the Mediterranean summer,

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migrants cram into boats as they venture from Libya

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towards Europe's most accessible border, Italy.

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The numbers are unimaginable and the risks are high.

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The work of Justice, one volunteer agency dedicated

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to rescuing migrants, reveals the fear, desperation

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They flee failed states, persecution, hunger and war.

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All seek a fresh start, a better life.

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Italy has taken over 12,000 migrants in the past week alone.

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It says without greater help, it will close its ports

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TRANSLATION: It's not possible to not understand that

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If we have vessels coming from all European countries flying

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various European flags, sailing in the Mediterranean Sea,

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which rightly rescue human lives and nevertheless,

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the only ports where these rescued lives are brought

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It's to France that migrant boats could be sent to land.

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As Paris hosts a minisummit of key European leaders,

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to discuss the crisis, its own citizens have the streets

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to remind them of the challenges of migrant settlement and integration.

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Redistributed migrants around European Union members

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is the approach backed the UN HCR, but Eastern EU states are saying no.

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TRANSLATION: We did not exploit these countries

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from which the refugees come to Europe today.

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We did not exploit their labour force and finally, we did not call

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We have a full moral right to say no.

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Hungary has already blocked the Balkan route into Europe.

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It wants economic migrants transported out of the continent.

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And it's calling for what it calls the line of defence to be pushed

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all the way to Libya and from there, towards Libya's southern border.

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We can now speak to Stefano Argenziano -

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he's the Manager of Migration Operations for the medical

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humanitarian organisation Medecins Sans Frontieres -

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which helps migrants in the Mediterranean.

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Welcome. How do you respond to what the Italian government says, this

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charities and aid groups rescuing people from the sea are part of the

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problem? Bet you encourage people to make the journey? Thank you very

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much for having me and good evening. -- that you encourage people. We are

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not part of the problem. We are not either the solution. We represent an

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absolute necessity for saving lives where those lives are most in

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danger. We fundamentally reject the allegations and accusations which

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are mostly baseless and without any form of evidence about the role of

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NGOs and the role of rescue in the central Mediterranean in the element

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of contributing to calling more people to come to try to attempt the

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dangerous crossing. The real problem is the absence of alternatives for

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tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands of people, looking for

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protection. Looking for better lives. Looking for... A different

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option in their lives. There is no alternative, apart from the illegal

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and dangerous passages, which are left at the moment... Watt sorry to

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into rock you, we were talking to the European Coast Guard force, the

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official task force. Even they said the presence of the rescue boat was

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encouraging people smugglers to pack even more people onto boats that are

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not seaworthy. We are seeing huge numbers of people on those boats

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because they know they are not see but they know those passengers will

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be rescued. They have no capacity to show casual links and evidence for

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what they say. Right now, the so-called Western Mediterranean

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Road, between Morocco and Spain, whereby there is no mechanism of

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search and rescue capacity presence has seen an increase of 46% of the

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migration pressure from the south. In a place where there is no NGO.

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There is no actor carrying out a systematic effort to save lives at

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sea. The problem is much more ample and much more complex than this

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oversimplification, which at some point, a number of mass media is

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trying to portray. At what point do you consider the capacity of a

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country like Italy to cope with a number of people who are coming to

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it? If Italy says it has reached its limit, do you accept that? It is not

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up to us to accept or not. Nor are we in the capacity of defining what

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is the benchmark of reception of a member state of the European Union.

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We realise that Italy is a country with 60 million people. It has been

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receiving 180,000 last year. Lebanon has four million and is hosting over

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1.5 million refugees in its territory. It is not really up to us

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to take a position on what is the limit and what is the ceiling for

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reception. If Italy has... Has a specific call to the other member

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states to contribute to its ongoing effort, we can understand that very

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well. We are witnessing first-hand the willingness to show solidarity

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provided by Italian coastguards, for example. In coordinating and

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supporting the life-saving operations of the central

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Mediterranean. What we wish for is a larger capacity at sea for rescue,

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saving lives. I'm afraid we are out of time, we really appreciate your

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time. Thank you for joining us from Rome.

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Iraqi special forces have recaptured more territory

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in the Old City of Mosul, in the final stages

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of the operation to drive out so-called Islamic State.

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Troops and police are now closing in from three sides

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on the IS militants, who captured the city in June 2014.

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But Iraqi commanders say as many as 50,000 civilians may be

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trapped behind IS lines, as Orla Guerin reports from Mosul.

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From the dying days of battle against IS.

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Traumatised civilians fleeing with little more

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"Every day you ask me how I am", she says.

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The civilians here have just managed to escape the fighting.

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They're hungry and tired and they looked scared.

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They've been caught between the two sides,

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at risk both from Islamic State and the operation against them.

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But the troops here are being cautious, they want to make sure

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that no-one has emerged who could be a risk.

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They are concerned that suicide bombers could be trying to come out

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We're fine to carry the women and the kids out, but if it's

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a medical emergency, it's better if we have

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British volunteer Sally Becker is here with a medical charity.

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A veteran of war, she says nothing compares to Mosul.

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We've got the vehicle-borne explosives.

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People. Suicide bombers.

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Even a woman yesterday, which makes it extremely

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Because most of who we carry is women and children.

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And many come here to a field hospital nearby.

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Doctors say they have been losing children to mortars and shrapnel.

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But soon, hundreds could die of hunger.

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They see dozens per day who are severely malnourished.

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Much of the civilian suffering here has gone unseen but three years

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of IS rule have deeply scarred Mosul and its people.

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From this one street in the Old City, IS executed four men.

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"Sometimes I worry they will be back".

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"When I hear fighting at night, I hope I can forget them".

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A military victory looks close here but there are fears

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about IS sleeper cells and about the future that may

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President Trump has been accused of inciting violence

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against the media, after he tweeted a spoof video showing him physically

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assaulting a man with a CNN logo super-imposed on his head.

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He is shown slamming the CNN symbol to the ground

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One CNN contributor has said the President would end up getting

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It all relates to a feud the President has with CNN.

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That latest controversy comes after President Trump

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defended his use of Twitter in a new oline tirade.

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"My use of social media is not Presidential" - he says,

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It follows a personal attack he made on two US news presenters.

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He tweeted this week that he had refused to meet MSNBC's

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Mika Brzezinski because she was, he says, bleeding heavily

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after a facelift, he continued his criticism on Saturday

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I share the opinion of the American people, we want the president of the

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United States to concentrate on his agenda, we want him to concentrate

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on what is important to the American people, like tax reform and

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repealing Obama care and national security. We would really like for

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him to put down the twitter account. People might be wondering, and

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interested to know why you support him, even if he does so many things

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you find distasteful, that you wouldn't want your children to hear.

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Of course, there are things that I do find objectionable, like the war

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on Twitter that we are talking about. But I think the fact that the

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vast majority of the American people, myself included, has a great

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distrust for the American press. I think that is why the American

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people are willing to give such a pass to the president on things like

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this, on matters like this. It wasn't just a couple of weeks ago

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when a producer on CNN referred to one of Trump's special advisers,

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Kellyanne Conway, he said she looked like she was hit by a shovel. MSNBC,

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Chris Matthews, the other day he said Mussolini did a good thing by

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assassinating his son-in-law. Made the insinuation that Donald Trump

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should do the same. These are the kind of things the president of the

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United States puts up with on a daily basis from the American press.

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But... Leiua this is why people are so angry and sympathetic. But those

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people aren't the president of the United States, shouldn't he be well

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above that sort of thing. Absolutely he positively showed. The twitter

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war, the insults, those are beneath the dignity of the president of the

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United States and the office. This needs to stop. He needs to get to

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the business of governing, which is what the American people want. Are

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you concerned, are you worried that if he continues this sort of

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behaviour, he is going to start losing the support of the people

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voted for him, who still stand by voted for him, who still stand by

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his side but also, crucially, senior Republicans who had criticised his

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behaviour on twitter might start bailing out on him and not helping

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him carry out the things he wants to do as president. If the president

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concentrate on his agenda and he does move forward with that and get

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away from watching television so much, so much concentration on

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social media. If he gets to the business of governing the United

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States of America and the agenda that he promised to bring forth

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during the election, then I believe people will remain supportive of him

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but he needs to do that if and he needs to stop this ridiculousness

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with Twitter. It is not a winning situation for him. He is going to

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get caught in the negativity of all this. As we discussed before, it is

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beneath the dignity of the office. Stay with us on BBC World News,

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still to come: On his 75th birthday,

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Stephen Hawking criticises President Trump's decision to pull

:14:16.:14:16.

out of the Paris Climate Agreement. Challenger powered past the

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lighthouse at almost 50 knots, shattering the record that stood for

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34 years. No hiding the elation of Richard Branson and his crew.

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Interior ministers from Germany, France and Italy meet for crisis

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talks as broken warns the influx of migrants is unsustainable. -- as

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Italy warns. Iraqi special forces recapture more

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territory in the Old City of Mosul, but commanders say as many as 50,000

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civilians may be trapped The French president,

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Emmanuel Macron, says he's determined to help eradicate

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terrorists in the Sahel He was speaking at a security summit

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in Mali, alongside the leaders They're seeking support

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for a 5,000-strong regional force to combat Islamist militants

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in the Sahel. The French president,

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Emmanuel Macron, and his West African counterparts together

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to launch a regional force. Mali, Chad, Niger, but also

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Mauritania and Burkina Faso, France will support them

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with equipment and it will help them convince Western countries

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to fund their operations. Only the EU has so far

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pledged nearly $16 million, a fraction of the force's total

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cost, but France remains keen to see TRANSLATION: Our enemies

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want only one thing - They feed themselves

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on our weaknesses, the complexities of our past and our ineffectiveness

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as a collective, but together we can make the decision

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to proceed differently. To tell ourselves everything,

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whether it pleases us or not. To expect things of one

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another, because we believe The original force will face jihadi

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groups linked to Al-Qaeda, drug traffickers as well as smugglers of

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migrants bound for Europe. This deployment is part of a huge

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security build-up in Mali where a foreign military presence

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has increased in the last few years. The US and Germany are also

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operating in the region. The French may be here for the long

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haul, but they are hoping that they won't remain the only

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ones standing guard. I have a German producer talking in

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my ear and he's very excited! I bet he is.

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World champions Germany have added the Confederations Cup

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to their trophy cabinet after a 1-0 win over Chile in St Petersburg.

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Lars Stindl scored the only goal of the match

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in what was an entertaining, but at times ill-tempered affair

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as Joachim Loewe's team won this tournament for the first time.

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They also go top of the Fifa world rankings ahead of next year's

:18:40.:18:42.

Top seed Andy Murray says he is fit to defend his Wimbledon title.

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The 30-year-old, who's also announced that wife Kim

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is expecting their second child, has been hampered by a hip problem.

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Despite looking less than comfortable in practice,

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the two-time champion has declared himself ready for Monday's

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Centre Court opener against Alexander Bublik.

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It's been sore for a little while, now. With each day that I was

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practising, it was feeling a bit worse. It was hampering my movement.

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Therefore, I wasn't getting loads out of my practice sessions. I had

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to make the decision with my team. You know, to take a feud day's

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break. To allow its time to rest. Hopefully spending a lot of time

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with my physio. That is loosens up a little bit and that it eases off.

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And some of the inflammation dies down a bit. I did that.

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The last few days, practice has been good.

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I would have liked to have trained the whole we can get a couple of

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exhibition matches but the positive from it is that I'm fresh.

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I certainly haven't played too much tennis.

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But I'm certainly going to have to work my way into the tournament.

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I probably won't come out and play great straight off the bat.

:20:04.:20:06.

All eight teams have been in action at the women's

:20:07.:20:08.

The match-ups included two intense sporting rivalries as holders

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Australia faced New Zealand and India played Pakistan.

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Patrick Gearey wraps up all the action starting

:20:15.:20:16.

with England's comprehensive win over Sri Lanka.

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It's been a busy and dramatic day in the winning's World Cup and a very

:20:22.:20:28.

good day for the hosts in Taunton. England made light work of Sri

:20:29.:20:33.

Lanka. Their slow bowlers did the job for them with Laura Marsh taking

:20:34.:20:36.

four wickets and Sri Lanka's total of 204-8 from their 50 overs was

:20:37.:20:41.

never likely to be enough on a pitch which traditionally does produce

:20:42.:20:44.

very big scores. In that got to the total with some comfort, Captain

:20:45.:20:47.

Heather Knight scored 82 and Sarah Taylor not out. They got a seven

:20:48.:20:54.

wicket victory. A good win, but their next game will be very much

:20:55.:20:58.

more tricky against South Africa. Today, they bowled out West Indies

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448. The South African captain took four wickets and didn't concede a

:21:06.:21:08.

single run. The West Indies are the runners-up of the last women's World

:21:09.:21:12.

Cup. And the holders of the T20 Trophy. A very impressive win for

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South Africa at their next game against England is on Wednesday

:21:18.:21:21.

against Bristol. A big win for India against Pakistan. Their traditional

:21:22.:21:29.

-- they are traditional rivals. They made 169 from their 50 overs but

:21:30.:21:31.

dealt with Pakistan very well. They took five wickets to get an easy win

:21:32.:21:35.

for the Indians. Impressive tournament continues. Australia and

:21:36.:21:39.

New Zealand, two of the traditional heavyweights at the tournament,

:21:40.:21:41.

Australia came out on top winning by five wickets. Perry top scoring.

:21:42.:21:48.

Australia seen the team to beat in this women's World Cup but the next

:21:49.:21:52.

few games could be crucial. It is about to get very interesting.

:21:53.:21:56.

Whisper it very quietly for your German producer.

:21:57.:21:57.

Marcel Kittel won stage two of the Tour de France on Sunday,

:21:58.:21:59.

from Dusseldorf in his home country Germany to the Belgian city

:22:00.:22:02.

But Britain's Geraint Thomas retains the race leader's yellow jersey.

:22:03.:22:07.

Professor Stephen Hawking has told the BBC that Donald Trump's decision

:22:08.:22:15.

to withdraw from the Paris climate agreement, could doom the planet,

:22:16.:22:18.

and that future generations will have no choice

:22:19.:22:20.

He was speaking on the occasion of his 75th birthday,

:22:21.:22:24.

a milestone he says he never thought he'd reach.

:22:25.:22:26.

Our science correspondent Pallab Ghosh reports.

:22:27.:22:31.

When I was diagnosed at 21, I was told it would kill me

:22:32.:22:34.

Now, 54 years later, albeit weaker and in a wheelchair,

:22:35.:22:39.

I'm still working and producing scientific papers.

:22:40.:22:44.

Today, Stephen Hawking celebrates his 75th birthday.

:22:45.:22:50.

But it's been a great struggle, which I have got through only

:22:51.:22:53.

with a lot of help from my family, colleagues, and friends.

:22:54.:22:58.

At an event at Cambridge University to pay tribute to his life,

:22:59.:23:01.

he was applauded for his scientific achievements.

:23:02.:23:07.

The legacy will be the scientists that he inspired.

:23:08.:23:09.

And there will be thousands of them, and they're

:23:10.:23:11.

So there will be ten-year-olds today, or eight-year-olds,

:23:12.:23:19.

who are reading about Stephen, reading about the work

:23:20.:23:21.

that he did, and may go on to be the next

:23:22.:23:24.

In an exclusive interview with BBC News, Professor Hawking told me

:23:25.:23:33.

that he was worried about the future of our species.

:23:34.:23:38.

What are your views on President Trump's decision

:23:39.:23:40.

to withdraw from the Paris climate agreement, and what impact do

:23:41.:23:42.

you think that will have on the future of the planet?

:23:43.:23:48.

We are close to the tipping point where global warming

:23:49.:23:51.

Trump's action could push the earth over the bridge,

:23:52.:23:56.

to become like Venus, with a temperature of 250 degrees

:23:57.:23:59.

His daughter Lucy says his life is an inspiration,

:24:00.:24:12.

People who've lived in really extreme circumstances seem

:24:13.:24:16.

to find something very, very inspirational in his example

:24:17.:24:20.

of perseverance and persistence, and his kind of ability to rise

:24:21.:24:24.

above his suffering, and still want to communicate at a higher level.

:24:25.:24:29.

His ideas have transformed our understanding of the cosmos.

:24:30.:24:34.

But what's also being celebrated is his determination and humanity.

:24:35.:24:50.

Apparently it's a past time of many a Friday afternoon, office chair

:24:51.:24:56.

racing. If you think you have perfected your technique, look at

:24:57.:24:59.

this lot. The World Championships have been taking place in

:25:00.:25:05.

Switzerland. Crash helmets and knee pads are essential. They rolled

:25:06.:25:09.

through the streets of Alton. For the record, the new world champions

:25:10.:25:16.

won a travel voucher worth 500 Swiss francs and lots of bruises. Thank

:25:17.:25:20.

you for watching World News Today. The weather prospects for the next

:25:21.:25:34.

few days across the British Isles. Just about to show you some on

:25:35.:25:35.

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