09/07/2017 World News Today


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09/07/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News Today, I'm Karin Giannone in London.

:00:00.:00:07.

Iraq's Prime Minister says Mosul has been liberated from the group

:00:08.:00:13.

The victory brings to an end nine months of fighting -

:00:14.:00:22.

and nearly three years of occupation by the militants.

:00:23.:00:27.

the territory up there is still under IS control, just a small

:00:28.:00:34.

parcel of land. Families are making their way through in any way that

:00:35.:00:35.

they can. Also ahead - tens of thousands

:00:36.:00:36.

of people gather in Istanbul after a protest march

:00:37.:00:39.

against Turkey's government. Just back from the G20 summit -

:00:40.:00:42.

and President Trump says he'd like to set up a joint cyber

:00:43.:00:45.

security unit - with Russia. Hello and welcome

:00:46.:01:01.

to World News Today. Iraq's Prime Minister says

:01:02.:01:03.

Mosul has been liberated from the Islamic State group,

:01:04.:01:06.

bringing the near nine-month battle The Iraqi military was made

:01:07.:01:10.

to fight for every street. Haider al-Abadi has been seen

:01:11.:01:15.

walking through Mosul's streets, congratulating

:01:16.:01:18.

the troops alongside him. He was expected to make a speech,

:01:19.:01:20.

formally declaring victory, A few hours ago, Mr Al-Abadi took

:01:21.:01:22.

to twitter to deliver the news. Iraqi security forces have been

:01:23.:01:29.

celebrating on the streets of Mosul. It's three years since the group

:01:30.:01:34.

calling itself Islamic State seized control of Iraq's

:01:35.:01:36.

second largest city. It still holds territory

:01:37.:01:41.

to the west and south of Mosul. These images from the old city show

:01:42.:01:45.

the scale of the destruction. Earlier there were reports

:01:46.:01:48.

of continuing clashes, the so-called Islamic State group

:01:49.:01:52.

still holds territory to the west Our correspondent Jonathan Beale

:01:53.:01:54.

reports from the front line. What was once a beautiful old city

:01:55.:02:03.

is now mostly rubble. Every building deeply scarred,

:02:04.:02:06.

or destroyed by months of war. We joined the Search and Rescue

:02:07.:02:08.

teams looking for survivors, but more often they're

:02:09.:02:15.

just recovering bodies. With the heat, there's also

:02:16.:02:17.

the strong smell of decay. This man is hoping against hope

:02:18.:02:22.

that his brother and his Their house was hit in an air strike

:02:23.:02:24.

just a few weeks ago. It was being used by

:02:25.:02:29.

Islamic State fighters. He says he spoke to his brother

:02:30.:02:34.

on this phone, while he was trapped All they find here

:02:35.:02:37.

is decaying corpses. It's a similar story

:02:38.:02:49.

everywhere they go. While that was happening,

:02:50.:02:54.

the Iraqi Prime Minister was en route to Mosul to declare

:02:55.:02:57.

the liberation of the city. He arrived draped with an Iraqi flag

:02:58.:03:01.

and surrounded by troops, who spent the last nine months

:03:02.:03:04.

trying to wrestle the city from IS Even this morning, there

:03:05.:03:08.

was still the sound of gunfire. The children so used it

:03:09.:03:15.

they don't even flinch. This territory just up

:03:16.:03:20.

there still under IS control, Families are making their way

:03:21.:03:22.

through any way they can, to safety. And as you can see,

:03:23.:03:30.

they are pretty desperate. It's hard to celebrate freedom

:03:31.:03:36.

from IS when you've just been These families said they had

:03:37.:03:39.

little food or water. They have left behind

:03:40.:03:45.

loved ones under rubble. Many will carry the scars of this

:03:46.:03:48.

battle for the rest of their lives. These children have been prisoners

:03:49.:03:55.

of IS for much of their short lives. Now, after three years,

:03:56.:03:59.

Iraq's Prime Minister has But for these families,

:04:00.:04:02.

it's come at a huge price. Over 900,000 people have been

:04:03.:04:08.

displaced from Mosul since 2014. Many of them depend

:04:09.:04:17.

on the help provided by local Melany Markham from the Norwegian

:04:18.:04:19.

Refugee Council told me how dire The city has been under siege for

:04:20.:04:40.

months. Years, in some areas. The report is that we are getting are of

:04:41.:04:46.

almost total devastation. In Western Mosul. 90% of the population have

:04:47.:04:51.

returned to East Mosul, it is quite a different story there. In west

:04:52.:04:57.

Mosul, entire buildings have been flattened, and for us, going back in

:04:58.:05:02.

there and providing humanitarian assistance, it is incredibly

:05:03.:05:04.

difficult. Not only are the small pockets of violence which continue

:05:05.:05:12.

to exist but there are unexploded mines and bombs which we have two

:05:13.:05:16.

navigate in helping those who are still there. What are the biggest

:05:17.:05:24.

challenges? You described a situation which is more complicated

:05:25.:05:25.

than just providing aid? There are a number of camps to

:05:26.:05:35.

provide support, there is one home to 50,000 people. When people are in

:05:36.:05:43.

a camp like that, sometimes it is easier to provide them with aid, as

:05:44.:05:48.

they stay in one place but most of the people who fled recently are in

:05:49.:05:52.

eastern Mosul. They are dispersed throughout the city and their needs

:05:53.:05:56.

are very different. We have been distributing cash, we've been

:05:57.:06:00.

tracking in water. We are trying to prepare schools there. But, when

:06:01.:06:03.

they are dispersed throughout the city in this way, this can be very

:06:04.:06:07.

difficult to reach people with what they need. You mentioned that you

:06:08.:06:13.

were tracking in water, what has happened to the Mosul water supply?

:06:14.:06:21.

-- truck in. It had been almost completely knocked out, people were

:06:22.:06:27.

relying on local wells. The water quality in those wells was not

:06:28.:06:32.

guaranteed. So we have been bringing in clean drinking water. What we are

:06:33.:06:37.

also working on is rehabilitating the water plant which will supply

:06:38.:06:42.

water to around 100,000 people. But, that has really become a matter of

:06:43.:06:46.

urgency as temperatures in Iraq top 45 degrees now. So the demand for

:06:47.:06:52.

clean water, especially for people to quench their thirst, is going up

:06:53.:06:56.

and we are racing against time and the threat of disease, which will

:06:57.:07:01.

increase as temperatures rise. And those people who have left their

:07:02.:07:06.

homes, how much do they want to return? Given the news that we have

:07:07.:07:10.

heard that Mosul has been recaptured by the Iraqi army, is there a sense

:07:11.:07:17.

of hope that they can do this? There is incredible resilience of Iraq is

:07:18.:07:21.

to try and return to their homes and rebuild, that is why we have seen in

:07:22.:07:25.

eastern Mosul already but you cannot go back to a pile of rubble, you

:07:26.:07:30.

cannot go back to a place that has no water. Where you cannot earn a

:07:31.:07:33.

living because the city has been flattened. So, it is really

:07:34.:07:39.

difficult to work with people who have lost everything. And, to have

:07:40.:07:41.

almost lost hope as well. A huge anti-government protest,

:07:42.:07:47.

said to be the biggest in years, has been taking place in the Turkish

:07:48.:07:50.

city of Istanbul. Demonstrators voiced their anger

:07:51.:07:52.

at President Erdogan, after a year which has seen

:07:53.:07:54.

thousands of arrests and mass sackings of civil servants,

:07:55.:07:56.

judges and journalists in the wake It's hard to speak

:07:57.:07:59.

out in Turkey now. An unprecedented act of defiance

:08:00.:08:07.

against President Erdogan, hundreds of thousands streaming

:08:08.:08:15.

into Istanbul and the Some, walking the 280

:08:16.:08:17.

miles from Ankara. If you belong to the government

:08:18.:08:21.

or state, you're treated well. But if you are thinking

:08:22.:08:24.

differently, asking for some benefit, some rights,

:08:25.:08:26.

then you are treated as terrorists. Recep Tayyip Erdogan

:08:27.:08:33.

is a very tough leader. He doesn't like us,

:08:34.:08:35.

he doesn't like modern people. It began when an opposition MP

:08:36.:08:41.

was jailed, but grew fast. Tens of thousands, marching

:08:42.:08:44.

in the heat, headed by the sprightly They are fighting repression -

:08:45.:08:47.

50,000 people arrested He arrived to cheers of "rights,

:08:48.:08:53.

law, justice", and he vowed to fight TRANSLATION: We will rise

:08:54.:09:04.

up against injustice, I call on all of us

:09:05.:09:12.

to live together. This has shaken President Erdogan,

:09:13.:09:17.

who slammed the march He has huge support in half

:09:18.:09:30.

the country, but the spirit The more secular, liberal side

:09:31.:09:34.

of Turkey has found its voice Anti-Erdogan feeling and demand

:09:35.:09:38.

for the rule of law, The question now is whether they can

:09:39.:09:42.

sustain this momentum and challenge the Erdogan government at the next

:09:43.:09:51.

election in 2019. The Justice March has drawn

:09:52.:09:54.

support here and abroad, But channelling this energy

:09:55.:09:56.

into a credible political movement Let's take a look at some

:09:57.:09:59.

of the other stories Opposition demonstrators

:10:00.:10:09.

across Venezuela have taken part in marches to mark 100 days

:10:10.:10:16.

since the current wave of protests against the government

:10:17.:10:19.

of Nicolas Maduro began. The protests come a day

:10:20.:10:20.

after the release of one of the country's main opposition

:10:21.:10:23.

leaders, Leopoldo Lopez. He was moved to house arrest

:10:24.:10:25.

after spending more than three years Officials in the Canadian province

:10:26.:10:28.

of British Columbia say they may have to call in the military to help

:10:29.:10:36.

fight forest fires which have forced more than 7000

:10:37.:10:39.

people from their homes. More than 180 wildfires are burning

:10:40.:10:41.

- most of them started The province has declared its first

:10:42.:10:44.

state of emergency in 14 years. One of the most famous landscapes in

:10:45.:10:59.

England, the Lake District, has been declared a world Heritage site by

:11:00.:11:04.

UNESCO. The lakes will now enjoy the same protection as the Grand Canyon

:11:05.:11:08.

and Great Barrier Reef. The region becomes Britain's 31st world

:11:09.:11:09.

Heritage site. The G20 may have only recently

:11:10.:11:14.

ended, but developments after the talks between the Donald Trump

:11:15.:11:16.

and Vladimir Putin keep coming. The US President has taken

:11:17.:11:19.

to Twitter, saying he's discussed forming a cyber security

:11:20.:11:21.

unit WITH Russia. But his plans to work more

:11:22.:11:23.

constructively with President Putin have faced backlash

:11:24.:11:25.

from fellow Republicans. He posted that he and Mr Putin had

:11:26.:11:27.

discussed forming an impenetrable Cyber Security unit,

:11:28.:11:30.

so that election hacking amongst other negative things,

:11:31.:11:31.

will be prevented. David Willis is in Washington

:11:32.:11:43.

with the latest. In a tweet, Donald Trump said that

:11:44.:11:55.

he and Vladimir Putin had discussed forming what he called a cyber

:11:56.:12:01.

Security unit. To prevent such things as election hacking. Now,

:12:02.:12:05.

Russia is of course widely thought to have attempted to influence the

:12:06.:12:08.

outcome of the presidential election here last year, hence the suggestion

:12:09.:12:16.

of a cyber security unit, and an agreement to form it with Russia,

:12:17.:12:21.

has been met with criticism here, even by members of Donald Trump's

:12:22.:12:26.

own party. Two hours and 15 minutes of meetings, Rex Tillerson and

:12:27.:12:29.

Donald Trump are ready to forgive and forget when it comes to cyber

:12:30.:12:34.

attacks on the American election 2016, nobody is saying Mr President

:12:35.:12:37.

that the Russians changed the outcome, you won fair and square,

:12:38.:12:42.

but they did try and attack our election system, they were

:12:43.:12:45.

successful in many ways, and the more you do this, the more people

:12:46.:12:50.

are suspicious about you and Russia. Now Vladimir Putin denied during his

:12:51.:12:54.

meeting with Donald Trump on the sidelines of the G20 having anything

:12:55.:12:58.

to do with attempts to meddle in the outcome of the US presidential

:12:59.:13:02.

election, and the Russians say that Donald Trump accepted that

:13:03.:13:08.

assertion, but nonetheless, the President's willingness to draw a

:13:09.:13:14.

line under the whole affair and move on has raised eyebrows here in the

:13:15.:13:18.

United States, not least because of the myriad of enquiries that are

:13:19.:13:22.

still under way into the whole affair, and the feeling on the part

:13:23.:13:27.

of many lawmakers here that Russia is simply not to be trusted.

:13:28.:13:30.

Stay with us on BBC World News, still to come...

:13:31.:13:36.

More on the partial ceasefire in south-western Syria, backed by the

:13:37.:13:40.

US and Russia, but will it hold? Central London has been rocked by a

:13:41.:13:56.

series of terror attacks. Police say there have been many casualties and

:13:57.:14:02.

there is growing spectre nation Al-Qaeda was responsible. Germany

:14:03.:14:07.

will be the hosts of the 2006 football World Cup, they pipped

:14:08.:14:09.

favourites South Africa by a single vote. In South Africa, the

:14:10.:14:14.

possibility of losing hadn't been contemplated, celebration parties

:14:15.:14:18.

were cancelled. The man entered the palace through the downstairs window

:14:19.:14:21.

and made his way to her private bedroom. He asked her for a

:14:22.:14:25.

cigarette and on the pretext of some being brought, she summoned a foot

:14:26.:14:34.

man on duty, who took the man away. One child, one teacher, one book,

:14:35.:14:47.

and one pen, can change the world. Education is the only solution.

:14:48.:14:58.

You are watching BBC World News Today. The main stories...

:14:59.:15:02.

Iraq's Prime Minister says Mosul has been liberated

:15:03.:15:04.

from the Islamic State group, bringing an end to almost nine

:15:05.:15:07.

Kamran Bokhari is an expert on counter-extremism.

:15:08.:15:12.

I asked him what he made of the Iraqi declaration

:15:13.:15:15.

The Iraqi government has to do this. It has been at it for about eight or

:15:16.:15:30.

nine months. It is expected that the Iraqi government will play this up,

:15:31.:15:35.

and indeed, it's a major achievement. But, we are just

:15:36.:15:38.

beginning to roll back Isis. It does not mean the end of Isis, this is

:15:39.:15:44.

the easy part, relatively speaking. The harder part comes next, which is

:15:45.:15:50.

to be able to hold the city and undo the conditions which allowed Isis to

:15:51.:15:53.

grow. What do you rate the prospects of that happening as? I am not

:15:54.:16:02.

holding my breath, I'm not very optimistic because we have a very

:16:03.:16:06.

polarised ethnic and sectarian reality on the ground. The Kurds are

:16:07.:16:14.

encroaching on what the Sunnis see as their territory from the north.

:16:15.:16:19.

We have a Shi'ite force in control of Mosul, which is a Sunni city,

:16:20.:16:26.

this does not bode well for future security and stability.

:16:27.:16:28.

A partial ceasefire has come into effect in south-west Syria.

:16:29.:16:31.

The deal is the result of weeks of talks between the United States,

:16:32.:16:34.

The ceasefire is believed to cover the regions of Deraa,

:16:35.:16:37.

So far this fresh attempt for peace has held, despite several ceasefires

:16:38.:16:41.

in the past crumbling since the start of

:16:42.:16:43.

Our correspondent Sophie Long is in Beirut.

:16:44.:16:58.

Well, so far, this truce does appear to be holding. There have been no

:16:59.:17:04.

reports of any air strikes or clashes in the areas concerned since

:17:05.:17:08.

the deal took effect at midday local time. But there are plenty of

:17:09.:17:13.

reasons to be sceptical. There have been several ceasefires announced in

:17:14.:17:17.

the past, none of which upheld. The deal was brokered by the United

:17:18.:17:20.

States, Russia and Jordan, and announced at the end of the G20

:17:21.:17:26.

summit on Friday. The US Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, said this

:17:27.:17:30.

was the first indication the United States and Russia can work together

:17:31.:17:35.

in Syria. The timing of the deal is also significant. It comes on the

:17:36.:17:40.

even of fresh peace talks that are due to start in Geneva. Expectations

:17:41.:17:44.

for what will be the seventh round of UN sponsored talks are low, but

:17:45.:17:49.

it is hoped that if the ceasefire holds, it will at least create a

:17:50.:17:52.

conducive atmosphere as those talks get underway.

:17:53.:17:58.

The US secretary of state has made a brief visit to Ukraine.

:17:59.:18:00.

Rex Tillerson is the first senior member of the Trump

:18:01.:18:03.

administration to visit Ukraine, which feels vulnerable to any

:18:04.:18:05.

improvement in relations between the US and Russia.

:18:06.:18:07.

Speaking alongside Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko,

:18:08.:18:08.

Mr Tillerson said Russia must take the first steps to

:18:09.:18:11.

de-escalate the conflict in the east of the country.

:18:12.:18:18.

I've been very clear in my discussions with Russian

:18:19.:18:23.

leadership on more than one occasion, that it is necessary

:18:24.:18:25.

for Russia to take the first steps to de-escalate the situation

:18:26.:18:28.

in the east part of Ukraine, in particular by respecting

:18:29.:18:30.

the ceasefire by pulling back the heavy weapons and allowing

:18:31.:18:33.

the OSCE observers to carry out their responsibilities.

:18:34.:18:35.

This is necessary for us to make any movement in particular.

:18:36.:18:53.

The parents of Charlie Gard - the 11-month old British baby

:18:54.:18:55.

with a fatal genetic disorder - handed a petition to

:18:56.:18:58.

Great Ormond Children's Street hospital in London today

:18:59.:19:00.

asking for him to be allowed to travel to the United States

:19:01.:19:02.

More than a quarter of a million people signed the petition ,

:19:03.:19:06.

a Court will consider the case again tomorrow after new evidence

:19:07.:19:09.

Charlie's parents told the BBC how challenging it was for them.

:19:10.:19:13.

This could happen to anyone, we are two normal, everyday people. We are

:19:14.:19:20.

not strong people, but what is strong is our love for our little

:19:21.:19:24.

boy. He's kept us going throughout this. If he's lying there, in pain

:19:25.:19:29.

and suffering, we would not be here now. We are there 24 hours a day.

:19:30.:19:33.

People say I could not sit there and watched my child suffer, while

:19:34.:19:35.

neither could we. No. A ceremony has been held to remember

:19:36.:19:49.

the 843 men who lost their lives when HMS Vanguard sank off Orkney

:19:50.:19:52.

in July 1917. It was one of the worst naval

:19:53.:19:55.

tragedies of the First World War. To mark the centenary,

:19:56.:19:58.

a team of divers has been given special permission

:19:59.:20:00.

to document the wreck. Our Scotland Correspondent,

:20:01.:20:02.

Lorna Gordon has more. In the cold northern

:20:03.:20:10.

waters of Scapa Flow, the final resting place of HMS

:20:11.:20:12.

Vanguard, a dreadnought The bow and stern almost

:20:13.:20:15.

entirely intact after 100 This the first group of civilian

:20:16.:20:18.

divers to be given permission to document the wreck

:20:19.:20:22.

since it was designated a war grave. I think the loss of life was never

:20:23.:20:28.

very far away from my mind That said, we had a job to do,

:20:29.:20:32.

and an obligation to do that job So you got on with the work but,

:20:33.:20:37.

yes, parts of the wreck NEWSREEL: Ships were steaming

:20:38.:20:42.

into their war base at Scapa Flow... Along with many other

:20:43.:21:00.

ships of the Royal Navy, Vanguard had been anchored

:21:01.:21:02.

in the seas off Orkney. She'd seen action at the Battle

:21:03.:21:04.

of Jutland, but on a summer evening in July 1917,

:21:05.:21:07.

the entire ship was destroyed She sank almost instantly, with

:21:08.:21:09.

the loss of almost all her crew. Only two of those on board

:21:10.:21:13.

at the time survived. The team of volunteer divers

:21:14.:21:18.

spent hundreds of hours surveying the wreck,

:21:19.:21:20.

piecing together its story. Lying at a depth of around 100 feet,

:21:21.:21:24.

and among the many artefacts they discovered, the telegraph,

:21:25.:21:28.

a main anchor, cutlery lying half buried in the sand

:21:29.:21:33.

around the wreckage. As part of the commemorations,

:21:34.:21:38.

Vanguard's white ensign A century on, honouring

:21:39.:21:40.

the many lives lost Dog ownership is very popular in

:21:41.:22:04.

Thailand, especially among the younger generation. A marketing

:22:05.:22:07.

company in Bangkok is encouraging employees to bring their own dog to

:22:08.:22:13.

work, as they say it helps reduce work-related stress. This is how it

:22:14.:22:15.

works... Definitely an antidote to office

:22:16.:23:53.

stress in Thailand! The British Houses of Parliament have been let

:23:54.:23:57.

up for the first time with the rainbow flag to celebrate 50 years

:23:58.:24:01.

since homosexuality was partially decriminalised. In England and

:24:02.:24:08.

Wales. An estimated 1 million people watched the annual London Pride

:24:09.:24:10.

parade on Saturday and some of those who partied into the night told us

:24:11.:24:13.

how they survived with hours of dancing...

:24:14.:24:22.

CHEERING All I can do is connect with all of

:24:23.:24:26.

the love and energy around me to get me through this pain! Roller-skates,

:24:27.:24:31.

the best way. If you don't wear heels, where roller-skates as you

:24:32.:24:36.

get height and Yukonite! Enjoy yourself and be with people and be

:24:37.:24:42.

proud. Drink lots, speak lots, have a good time and love lots. Be

:24:43.:24:49.

friendly to everyone and everyone will be friendly back. Keep

:24:50.:24:54.

hydrated! But smile, it's a good adrenaline. Take a break and sit

:24:55.:25:01.

down! I had an operation, in the middle of April, so I'm a little

:25:02.:25:04.

delicate. That's why I'm not wearing heels. Keep hydrated, use suntan

:25:05.:25:10.

lotion and party like there's no tomorrow! Gray and say happy Pride

:25:11.:25:23.

to everyone! Happy Pride! I haven't heard ye! And as usual, behind the

:25:24.:25:33.

camera, Sayed! Happy Pride WWE thank you., well done!

:25:34.:25:38.

Police in California have rescued a bear cub

:25:39.:25:40.

In a scene reminiscent of Winnie the Pooh -

:25:41.:25:49.

honey straight from a pot - the tiny bear was seen thrashing

:25:50.:25:53.

around in an attempt to set itself free.

:25:54.:25:55.

One held it down, while the other prized the jar off the poor

:25:56.:26:00.

Don't forget you can get in touch with me and some

:26:01.:26:04.

of the team on Twitter - I'm @KarinBBC

:26:05.:26:12.

Good evening. Sunday was a day of mixed fortunes in terms

:26:13.:26:13.