06/08/2017 World News Today


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06/08/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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A show of strength from Nicolas Maduro.

:00:00.:00:21.

After the UN votes for new sanctions, China urges

:00:22.:00:24.

North Korea to get smart and stop its nuclear missile tests.

:00:25.:00:27.

A warning that too much time online is as bad for children as junk food.

:00:28.:00:31.

American runner Justin Gatlin receives his gold medal in the 100m

:00:32.:00:39.

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro says the army has successfully

:00:40.:01:04.

foiled what he says was a 'terror' plot in the country's third

:01:05.:01:07.

The uprising comes two days after Venezuela's controversial -

:01:08.:01:13.

and internationally condemned - new assembly was inaugurated.

:01:14.:01:16.

A group of men in military uniform who led the uprising

:01:17.:01:19.

released this video online - In it they say they wanted

:01:20.:01:22.

Hundreds of anti-government protesters also took

:01:23.:01:27.

to the streets of Valencia - supporting the uprising.

:01:28.:01:32.

They were met with rounds of tear gas when they tried

:01:33.:01:34.

Then, hours later, in a televised address and surrounded

:01:35.:01:43.

by his supporters Maduro congratulated his armed services.

:01:44.:01:44.

I've been speaking with Michael Shifter

:01:45.:01:46.

from the Inter-American Dialogue think-tank, to hear what he makes

:01:47.:01:48.

of this alleged "terror attack" in Valencia.

:01:49.:01:57.

Certainly sounds plausible. We know there is enormous discontent in the

:01:58.:02:06.

country with the Maduro government. That is also reflected in the Armed

:02:07.:02:10.

Forces. It doesn't mean the Armed Forces are about to switch or there

:02:11.:02:14.

is going to be a coup, it is very hard to know what this really

:02:15.:02:19.

represents, but the fact that this discontent, and there are some

:02:20.:02:24.

uprisings and rebellions, I think is not surprising given the situation

:02:25.:02:30.

in the country. How great is president and Europe's support in

:02:31.:02:38.

the military -- President Maduro's support? He has 20% support. Senior

:02:39.:02:44.

officials have stuck with him. Many of them are part of this system

:02:45.:02:50.

which was created by Hugo Chavez back in 1999. They are committed to

:02:51.:02:56.

it. They obeyed the president of the country and there is also an

:02:57.:03:02.

enormous amount of corruption. Many are involved in drug trafficking, so

:03:03.:03:07.

they have vested interests in this government and it will be difficult

:03:08.:03:11.

for them to give up power. If they do so they will be concerned about

:03:12.:03:16.

prosecution so they tighten their grip. Another development is the

:03:17.:03:21.

chief prosecutor has been removed from office. Do you think this is a

:03:22.:03:25.

sign of things to come? I think it is part of a pattern we have seen

:03:26.:03:30.

already in Venezuela, and it is getting worse. It is intensifying.

:03:31.:03:38.

Any potential defiance or dissent to the Maduro government is going to be

:03:39.:03:43.

quashed. The national assembly itself which was elected in 2015,

:03:44.:03:49.

and dominated by the opposition, has been essentially neutered, and with

:03:50.:03:52.

this new assembly that has been created this week, there is a very

:03:53.:04:00.

good chance that that legitimate aquatic assembly will be dissolved.

:04:01.:04:03.

The Attorney General had been critical of the Maduro government

:04:04.:04:08.

and it is not surprising that she has been dismissed by this new

:04:09.:04:12.

constituent assembly which is unconstitutional. Michael Shifter.

:04:13.:04:16.

China's Foreign Minister, has urged North Korea,

:04:17.:04:18.

to end ballistic missile tests, that have raised tensions

:04:19.:04:20.

Wang Yi says Pyongyang has to make "smart decisions".

:04:21.:04:23.

New sanctions, agreed at the UN, and supported by the Trump

:04:24.:04:26.

administration, could cost Pyongyang more than 1 billion dollars a year.

:04:27.:04:29.

Yogita Limaye reports from the South Korean capital, Seoul.

:04:30.:04:35.

America wants more countries to isolate North Korea,

:04:36.:04:49.

a day after all members of the Security Council voted to ban

:04:50.:04:52.

The sweeping measures were even backed by China, North Korea's ally

:04:53.:05:03.

TRANSLATION: The Chinese side urged the North Koreans to calmly handle

:05:04.:05:08.

the UN Security Council resolutions and not do anything

:05:09.:05:10.

unbeneficial such as a missile launch or a nuclear test.

:05:11.:05:20.

At this meeting, the two leaders described the sanctions

:05:21.:05:22.

Testing missiles like this one is what prompted the sanctions.

:05:23.:05:34.

For North Korea the new sanctions could mean a loss

:05:35.:05:37.

But experts say it is unlikely to deter the state.

:05:38.:05:43.

The North Koreans are unlikely to negotiate anything

:05:44.:05:46.

until they will have a proven capability to deliver

:05:47.:05:51.

a nuclear strike to the continental United States.

:05:52.:05:55.

Once they get such a capability, probably in a few years,

:05:56.:05:58.

Here in Seoul the President's office has welcomed the UN resolution

:05:59.:06:07.

but the response in North Korea has been expectedly belligerent.

:06:08.:06:11.

A newspaper run by the country's ruling party said the US would be

:06:12.:06:15.

catapulted into a sea of fire if it did not change its hostile

:06:16.:06:18.

In Manila, the US Secretary of State commemorated those

:06:19.:06:23.

who died in World War II, and with his meetings

:06:24.:06:26.

there he hopes to contain the threat from North Korea.

:06:27.:06:30.

It is making America nervous, but there seems to be

:06:31.:06:33.

Let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news.

:06:34.:06:43.

Officials in Afghanistan say insurgent have attacked a village

:06:44.:06:45.

in the northern province of Sar-e-Pul, killing

:06:46.:06:48.

The office of the provincial governor says the fighters initially

:06:49.:06:53.

attacked a local police checkpoint, before entering the village

:06:54.:06:56.

They were mostly members of the mainly-Shia Hazara community.

:06:57.:07:02.

The Taliban said they'd killed 28 local militia

:07:03.:07:04.

but denied responsibility for any civilian deaths.

:07:05.:07:10.

The Qatari news network Al Jazeera is to be barred from Israel.

:07:11.:07:13.

Israeli communications minister, Ayoub Kara, says he'll

:07:14.:07:16.

revoke its press credentials, close its Jerusalem bureau and stop

:07:17.:07:19.

He's accusing Al Jazeera of supporting terrorism and inciting

:07:20.:07:25.

A government-backed investigation in Myanmar has rejected allegations

:07:26.:07:37.

that its military committed atrocities during a crackdown

:07:38.:07:39.

It accused the United Nations of making exaggerated claims.

:07:40.:07:43.

The UN had argued that violence in Rakhine State likely included

:07:44.:07:47.

Let's take a closer look at claims and counter-claims

:07:48.:07:52.

For more on this I spoke to Myint Swe from the BBC's Burmese Service.

:07:53.:09:08.

He explained the findings of the government's report.

:09:09.:09:14.

Today the government commission, which has enquired into this

:09:15.:09:19.

problem, they just have a total refusal of what the UN

:09:20.:09:22.

Last February, the UN said to us, they could be ethnic cleansing

:09:23.:09:30.

and crimes against humanity, so they said there is no

:09:31.:09:36.

evidence to support that, so they refused totally,

:09:37.:09:43.

and most of the reports are biased and unfounded.

:09:44.:09:48.

They said they are mostly fabricated and exaggerated.

:09:49.:09:53.

In the face of everything the United Nations has said

:09:54.:09:56.

and other outside groups have said, what the commission

:09:57.:10:00.

is saying is going to lack credibility, isn't it?

:10:01.:10:02.

In fact, they said they went to three camps of Rohingya

:10:03.:10:07.

in Bangladesh and went to 20 villages, but there is also

:10:08.:10:12.

the question, how independent and free the villagers can

:10:13.:10:18.

keep their findings, because they are surrounded maybe

:10:19.:10:23.

by some authorities, so in effect, they did go

:10:24.:10:29.

and research the camps, but there are also questions of how

:10:30.:10:34.

This complete refusal to accept the UN's findings,

:10:35.:10:41.

what is it going to do for Myanmar's international reputation,

:10:42.:10:44.

In fact, they have always said that there are three other

:10:45.:10:51.

commissions, led by others, and we have this, Kofi Annan

:10:52.:11:00.

is on the advisory board, and there is also the National Human

:11:01.:11:05.

Rights Commission inside the country.

:11:06.:11:09.

So based on their findings and conclusions, they will, sort of,

:11:10.:11:12.

open the door for any complaints, if there is enough evidence

:11:13.:11:17.

to charge and take action, whether that be security

:11:18.:11:21.

So they said there's no way to give pressure from the UN or other

:11:22.:11:30.

international organisations to send a fact-finding mission,

:11:31.:11:34.

Now, how often do you tell your children to get

:11:35.:11:45.

Well, officials here in Britain are saying that parents should limit

:11:46.:11:49.

the amount of time their children spend online, comparing it

:11:50.:11:52.

The Children's Commissioner says that the internet can be addictive,

:11:53.:11:58.

and overuse can have a detrimental effect on children's

:11:59.:12:00.

This seven-year-old is obsessed by his dad's phone.

:12:01.:12:16.

On average children now spend 15 hours a week online.

:12:17.:12:34.

Parents, says the Children's Commissioner for England,

:12:35.:12:36.

We wouldn't let our children out in a strange city

:12:37.:12:43.

without giving them guidance and looking after them.

:12:44.:12:45.

And actually we shouldn't for their digital world either.

:12:46.:12:48.

So this is about equipping children, enabling them to have the confidence

:12:49.:12:51.

And also their confidence to say no to the constant drain and pressure

:12:52.:12:57.

She is urging parents to follow Fiona and be proactive.

:12:58.:13:03.

I'm always looking in, going through history, things like that.

:13:04.:13:06.

Just to double check what they are looking at.

:13:07.:13:09.

Because they could open something that they shouldn't be looking at.

:13:10.:13:12.

New guidelines, published online, of course, compare junk food

:13:13.:13:18.

The advice is simple, just as your children shouldn't eat

:13:19.:13:23.

a cheese burger and chips every day, they shouldn't binge

:13:24.:13:26.

The obvious antidote, keeping kids active,

:13:27.:13:33.

but the Children's Commissioner is calling for a healthy balance.

:13:34.:13:36.

It is a tricky balance, I think, but you do need to encourage that

:13:37.:13:42.

they've got to get some fresh air, they've got to get some exercise.

:13:43.:13:45.

No iPad at dinner time and no phones during times when we are sitting

:13:46.:13:50.

together as families means we talk a lot more and I get

:13:51.:13:53.

to know a lot more about what happens in their school.

:13:54.:13:57.

Kids only know a world with smartphones and the internet,

:13:58.:14:00.

Well, Sonia Livingstone is a professor of social psychology at

:14:01.:14:16.

the London School of economics and also serves on the executive board

:14:17.:14:21.

on the UK Council for Child Internet safety. She joins me now via webcam.

:14:22.:14:27.

So Internet use is like junk food. Is that a good comparison? Yes and

:14:28.:14:34.

no. I think perhaps what the children's commissioner really wants

:14:35.:14:39.

us to think about is the balance of our children's diet, rather than to

:14:40.:14:45.

say all Internet use is junk food, because obviously the Internet

:14:46.:14:49.

offers lots of positives as well as some risks of problematic use. I

:14:50.:14:56.

think it is about saying think about the mix of the activities your

:14:57.:15:01.

children engage in rather than saying too much Internet is

:15:02.:15:05.

automatically bad. You say overuse. I wonder if you would put a number

:15:06.:15:11.

of hours in the day that marks over use for you? Actually, I wouldn't. I

:15:12.:15:17.

understand parent's anxiety. The Internet is relatively new. It is

:15:18.:15:21.

quite uncertain what is good for children or not and it Israeli hard

:15:22.:15:27.

to make a rule to fit all children. What I would rather say is don't

:15:28.:15:30.

look at your watch, don't check the time, look at your child. Is your

:15:31.:15:35.

child happy or suitable? Are they learning something they are keen to

:15:36.:15:39.

tell you about from the Internet, or are they staring and have forgotten

:15:40.:15:44.

the outside world exists. Are they sociable and want to share the

:15:45.:15:48.

things? Look at your child, don't look at your watch. Where does the

:15:49.:15:53.

Internet fit within their day and within their life, because children

:15:54.:15:58.

are so different, and what we really want, I think, is to support

:15:59.:16:02.

children making decisions about what is beneficial for them and where

:16:03.:16:07.

they can gain something and where it is that the Internet is distracting

:16:08.:16:12.

them from other valuable activities, which sometimes it does for us as

:16:13.:16:18.

well as for them. It can be hard because we are encouraged to keep on

:16:19.:16:23.

clicking and stay online. Do you think the social media companies

:16:24.:16:29.

should be doing more? I think you could take account of the fact that

:16:30.:16:34.

children from young ages are using the Internet for good reasons, to

:16:35.:16:38.

learn, engage and communicate, but if they could find ways to design

:16:39.:16:45.

points where families might stop and think, do I want to carry on or do I

:16:46.:16:51.

want to do something else now? Have I had enough? Am I still thinking,

:16:52.:16:57.

feeling, excited, creative and positive or am I turning into a

:16:58.:17:02.

zombie? Of course, they design that environment and their interest in

:17:03.:17:05.

the short term is to keep children engaged for as long as they possibly

:17:06.:17:10.

can. But I think in the long-term, they want children to stay there.

:17:11.:17:17.

They don't want the parents to stay... We have to leave it there

:17:18.:17:20.

but thank you for making good use of your Internet.

:17:21.:17:25.

Stay with us on BBC World News, still to come...

:17:26.:17:28.

A lukewarm reaction to Justin Gatlin as he receives a gold medal. We

:17:29.:17:36.

discuss his controversial win. The crisis in Venezuela. A group of

:17:37.:19:01.

soldiers say they have launched an uprising in the city of Valencia.

:19:02.:19:05.

The government says it was an attack and it has been crushed by the army.

:19:06.:19:08.

After all the headlines on the men's 100 metres,

:19:09.:19:17.

it's now the turn of the women at the World Athletics

:19:18.:19:20.

Elaine Thompson is hoping to restore Jamaican pride -

:19:21.:19:23.

after Usain Bolt's third place finish -

:19:24.:19:25.

Already settled - the men's marathon - Geoffrey Kiroo

:19:26.:19:29.

following up his Boston marathon win to take gold in London

:19:30.:19:32.

one minute, 22 seconds ahead of his Ethiopian rival,

:19:33.:19:35.

Tanzania's Alphonse Simbu took the bronze.

:19:36.:19:43.

The women's marathon has finished, too -

:19:44.:19:45.

South Africa's Wayde van Niekirk is celebrating success in the men's

:19:46.:19:50.

The women's heptathlon has just finished.

:19:51.:20:06.

Earlier, Justin Gatlin received his gold medal

:20:07.:20:08.

But Sebastian Coe, the president of the Athletics

:20:09.:20:12.

world governing body, says he's disappointed that

:20:13.:20:14.

The American has twice served a doping ban.

:20:15.:20:18.

He was booed by sections of the crowd as he stood on the podium.

:20:19.:20:22.

Gatlin pulled off a shock win to end Usain Bolt's reign in the

:20:23.:20:25.

Jamaican's final individual race.

:20:26.:20:29.

The Netherlands have been crowned champions of Europe

:20:30.:20:33.

after beating Denmark 4-2 to win the Women's Euros.

:20:34.:20:35.

The hosts found themselves behind just six minutes in

:20:36.:20:39.

as Nadia Nadim gave Denmark a lead with a penalty.

:20:40.:20:46.

But the Netherlands, cheered on by a full stadium

:20:47.:20:48.

Vivianne Miedema levelled before Lieke Martens finished

:20:49.:20:51.

from just inside the area to give the Dutch a 2-1 lead.

:20:52.:20:55.

Before half-time, it was all square again,

:20:56.:20:57.

Denmark fighting back through Pernille Harder.

:20:58.:20:59.

But the Netherlands took control after the break,

:21:00.:21:01.

Sherida Spitse's low free-kick restoring the lead.

:21:02.:21:05.

In the final minutes, with Denmark desperate,

:21:06.:21:07.

Miedema sealed it with her second of the game.

:21:08.:21:13.

The Dutch ran out 4-2 winners, claiming the title for

:21:14.:21:15.

Arsenal have English football's first silverware of the season.

:21:16.:21:19.

The FA Cup winners beat the champions, Chelsea

:21:20.:21:21.

to win the FA Community Shield at Wembley.

:21:22.:21:24.

It was Chelsea who took the lead, though, Victor Moses beating

:21:25.:21:27.

the offside trap and firing past Peter Cech.

:21:28.:21:30.

Then Pedro was sent off for a late tackle

:21:31.:21:32.

Arsenal immediately took advantage of the extra man,

:21:33.:21:37.

new signing Sead Kolasinac scoring just two minutes after the red card.

:21:38.:21:42.

Goalkeeper Thibaut Courtois with Chelsea's second kick -

:21:43.:21:50.

he fired it too high - over the bar.

:21:51.:21:52.

Substitute Olivier Giroud scored the winner.

:21:53.:21:53.

To cricket now, and day three of the fourth and final Test

:21:54.:22:04.

England lead South Africa by 360 runs.

:22:05.:22:07.

Play finished early for the day because of rain.

:22:08.:22:09.

It took England less than one hour to bowl out the tourists for 226,

:22:10.:22:13.

Captain Joe Root made 49 before he was bowled.

:22:14.:22:18.

Moeen Ali resumes on 67, assuming good Monday morning

:22:19.:22:20.

weather in Manchester, as England try to wrap

:22:21.:22:22.

There's a full round-up in Sport Today in

:22:23.:22:28.

America's Justin Gatlin has been crowned world 100 metres champion

:22:29.:22:48.

He was booed by some in the crowd upon

:22:49.:22:51.

It was slightly more subdued than when he actually won

:22:52.:22:54.

Justin Gatlin. Usain Bolt in third. Joining me is Alan Abrahamson who

:22:55.:23:14.

has written defending the sprinter. Do you think it was fair, the

:23:15.:23:19.

building? Absolutely not. Thanks for having me. I think the building is

:23:20.:23:25.

somewhere between disappointing and somewhat reprehensible. Olympic

:23:26.:23:31.

sport is not the English Premier League. It is not the NBA or the

:23:32.:23:37.

NFL. Olympic sport is supposed to be about three key values, friendship,

:23:38.:23:40.

excellent and respect and that booing was not about any of those

:23:41.:23:46.

things. Sebastien Coe, the president of the International athletics

:23:47.:23:51.

Association federations, said beforehand the idea of Gatlin

:23:52.:23:55.

beating Bolt made him feel queasy. Can you understand why there is

:23:56.:24:00.

anger at this win. Everyone is entitled to his or her own opinion

:24:01.:24:08.

but I think this narrative is built, it is false. This good versus evil

:24:09.:24:16.

thing is a fixture. Justin Gatlin served two times off but he never

:24:17.:24:21.

intended to cheat. In our world, in what you do and what I do, facts

:24:22.:24:28.

matter. What would be helpful is if people took time to get past a cheap

:24:29.:24:34.

and easy good versus evil narrative and paid attention to the facts.

:24:35.:24:38.

Justin Gatlin never intended to cheat. That is a matter in the

:24:39.:24:45.

record for the record. He is now 35 years old. He had a long period away

:24:46.:24:51.

from competition. Just how has he managed to achieve this feat? A

:24:52.:24:58.

remarkable time there beating Usain Bolt. What is his secret at that

:24:59.:25:03.

age? There is no secret, it is hard work. Eight months or more of

:25:04.:25:08.

training, six hours a day with a crew in Florida under the direction

:25:09.:25:12.

of Dennis Mitchell. There is no secret. It is really, really hard

:25:13.:25:18.

work and by the way, he got lane eight in that race and he was

:25:19.:25:23.

allowed to run his own race while Christian Coleman and Usain Bolt

:25:24.:25:26.

were kind of consumed with each other. Justin Gatlin was out there

:25:27.:25:31.

free and easy like Wayde Van Niekerk ran in lane eight at the youth

:25:32.:25:36.

Olympics lasted and ran a world record in the 400 metres. Sometimes

:25:37.:25:41.

fate has its own mind. All right, thank you, we appreciate your time.

:25:42.:25:48.

Don't forget you can get in touch with me and some

:25:49.:25:51.

of the team on Twitter - I'm @DuncanGolestani.

:25:52.:25:53.

To stay with us on BBC World News. Thank you for watching.

:25:54.:26:11.

Good evening. It has been a bit of a mixed picture in the weekend. The

:26:12.:26:20.

area of low pressure

:26:21.:26:21.