09/08/2017 World News Today


09/08/2017

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A Pacific Island paradise becomes a ballistic missile target

:00:00.:00:13.

for North Korea as the war of words with the US escalates.

:00:14.:00:25.

TRANSLATION: The Korean peoples Army strategic force is carefully

:00:26.:00:34.

examining the operational plan for making and enveloping fire for the

:00:35.:00:35.

area around Guam. The American Defence Secretary warns

:00:36.:00:36.

Pyongyang that it is grossly outmatched in an arms race

:00:37.:00:38.

with the US. French police shoot and arrest a man

:00:39.:00:40.

suspected of deliberately driving a car at a group

:00:41.:00:43.

of soldiers in Paris. A network of 17 men and a woman

:00:44.:00:45.

in the English city of Newcastle are found guilty of grooming,

:00:46.:00:49.

drugging and raping Once the largest restaurant chains

:00:50.:00:50.

in the United States, Hello and welcome

:00:51.:00:59.

to World News Today. The war of words between

:01:00.:01:17.

the United States and North The American Secretary of Defence

:01:18.:01:19.

has now weighed in, warning that Pyongyang is grossly

:01:20.:01:25.

overmatched and will lose any His comments come after the North

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announced that it is considering a missile strike on the US territory

:01:30.:01:35.

of Guam, in the western Pacific. Here's our North America

:01:36.:01:39.

correspondent, Nick Bryant. A far-off American air post

:01:40.:01:47.

in the tropical waters of the western Pacific now finds

:01:48.:01:49.

itself at the centre This is Guam, the site this summer

:01:50.:01:52.

of US military exercises, American territory, that North Korea

:01:53.:01:57.

says now could be The warning was delivered

:01:58.:01:59.

on North Korean state TV. The chilling headline,

:02:00.:02:05.

Guam could be targeted by its medium It came hours after President Trump

:02:06.:02:11.

had threatened Pyongyang with some of the most incendiary rhetoric used

:02:12.:02:18.

by an American president in decades. North Korea best not make any more

:02:19.:02:24.

threats to the United States. They will be met with fire and fury

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like the world has never seen. And more tough talk

:02:30.:02:37.

on Twitter this morning. My first order was to renovate our

:02:38.:02:40.

nuclear arms strength and it is now stronger and more powerful

:02:41.:02:44.

than ever before. Hopefully we will never have to use

:02:45.:02:47.

it, but they will never be a time that we are not the most powerful

:02:48.:02:50.

nation in the world. The US Secretary of State,

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Rex Tillerson, used He said the island faced no imminent

:02:57.:02:58.

threat and Americans should The president is sending a message

:02:59.:03:03.

to North Korea in language they will understand

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because they do not understand It is over 2000 miles

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away from Pyongyang, but is a strategic hub for the US

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military in the Pacific. Home to 6000 troops on two military

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bases with a population of 160,000. This American paradise

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is being disturbed. The first thing that comes to mind

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immediately first word is my family. I am not nervous, I am confident

:03:36.:03:44.

in our military capability. With the rhetoric at such a perilous

:03:45.:03:48.

pitch, there is a danger most sides become captive to their own tough

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words, that they'd talk themselves I'm joined from Washington

:03:53.:03:55.

by Eric Gomez. He's a policy analyst for defence

:03:56.:04:05.

and foreign policy studies Welcome to the programme. What do

:04:06.:04:19.

you make of, first, the kind of rhetoric being deployed by the chief

:04:20.:04:26.

of the Pentagon? I think it's pretty standard rhetoric coming from the

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Pentagon, and I think that is correct in some ways, the United

:04:31.:04:36.

States does have an ability to limit damage from North Korea, but I think

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the worry that I have and that many share is that, in North Korea right

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now, you have a situation where everybody is scrambling to get their

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hands on the trigger as fast as they possibly can, so the situation is

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ripe for escalation, which makes Trump's statements, even if they

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were not meant to be taking incredibly seriously, as very

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dangerous. I suppose it's also worth considering the mindset of the North

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Korean people, who are taught from birth that America is their enemy

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and is waiting to invade and destroy them. In that sense, you could say

:05:10.:05:15.

the rhetoric plays into the hands of the North Korean leadership. Yes, I

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think the idea of threatening North Korea with fire and theory will

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further increase the value that the North Korean leadership places on

:05:29.:05:33.

nuclear weapons and, in terms of targeting Guam, that is an excellent

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target in North Korean terms, the bombs that are based there that

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could deliver nuclear weapons to North Korea. They are concerned

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about there being one in particular which makes repeated flybys of the

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Korean peninsula whenever there is an escalation or a missile test.

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Those can't carry nuclear weapons, but the Koreans think they can. From

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a Korean point of view, do you think there is a justified concern about

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Guam, and perhaps also a concern about the anti-missile defence is

:06:06.:06:12.

now situated in South Korea? Yes, I think the United States put those

:06:13.:06:15.

defences place in order to reduce or limit the damage that a North Korean

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strike could inflict. I also think that, from the US perspective, the

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perverse incentive that is offered in missile defence systems is that,

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if you can use them to successfully absorbed a relatively small North

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Korean attack, if you try to take out North Korean military forces on

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the ground before they can be launched, fewer would survive to get

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to test the missile defence system, increasing the chances of the

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defence system intercepting all the targets. I know you are an expert on

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military strategy in this region. Do you think there is any good literary

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strategy? Looked at all. At this point, the Trump in demonstration,

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instead of just ratcheting up pressure, should be considering ways

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to approach the North Koreans with some sort of negotiated path to

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getting what the United States wants. I don't know what exactly the

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United States can offer all what the starting point for such negotiations

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would be, but the current problem with US spectrum -- humour strategy

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if it is so focused on costs, no diplomatic language, that it is

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backing North Korea into record and, the further you do that, the hope is

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that they will eventually break and give in to our demands, but what is

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far more likely is that they will cling even tighter to their nuclear

:07:42.:07:47.

arsenal and be incentivised to make escalate Tory sentence -- escalating

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sentence. A final thought, is there any way of getting North Korea to

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the negotiating table with the precondition that they have to give

:08:00.:08:01.

up their nuclear aspirations, perhaps with massive economic aid?

:08:02.:08:08.

No, I don't believe they would agree to that. Nuclear weapons are the

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policy. Without them, the North Koreans feared that the United

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States would be able to roll over them and depose Kim Jong-un

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effectively, and the US history, especially the North Koreans are

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fond of citing Getafe, who did give up a nuclear weapons programme to

:08:26.:08:30.

the United States and was then deposed with US support in 2011.

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Also Saddam Hussein, who had a nuclear weapons programme, might

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have had one, but was eventually destroyed and later was deposed by

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the United States. So there is good reason, I don't think the North

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Koreans are irrational and fulfilled I think they have a very rational

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calculus between the pursuit of nuclear weapons, and I think frankly

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it works. Take a look at our website for more

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on this fast-developing story. We've more context and analysis

:08:59.:09:01.

including this piece from a former senior US diplomat

:09:02.:09:03.

on the likely next moves Police in France have shot

:09:04.:09:05.

and wounded a man suspected of deliberately driving a car

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into a group of soldiers Six soldiers were injured

:09:16.:09:18.

in the incident in the Parisian The man was arrested

:09:19.:09:23.

on a French motorway, 260 kilometres north

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of the French capital. Paramedics swarm around

:09:32.:09:32.

injured soldiers. Just moments after a car ploughed

:09:33.:09:37.

into a military patrol. Six soldiers were injured,

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three seriously, after the car, waiting for the men, accelerated

:09:43.:09:46.

sharply and knocked them down. Residents looked on as the emergency

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services went to work. TRANSLATION: I heard a loud noise

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and I looked out my window, I saw the ambulance and the fire

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engine arriving and I didn't go out. It was a truly odious attack,

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said the neighbourhood mayor. To target soldiers who were here

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to protect the French people. After a morning of intense

:10:19.:10:20.

investigation, the operation This is a quiet suburb,

:10:21.:10:22.

some distance from the bright lights This morning's attack a reminder,

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if one were needed, that France TRANSLATION: It's a problem

:10:31.:10:37.

for us French people Even foreigners do not

:10:38.:10:43.

feel safe in France. It ended with a hail of gunfire,

:10:44.:10:48.

the suspect's car brought The country's long struggle

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with terror continues. Let's take a look at some

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of the other stories It's been confirmed that FBI agents

:10:58.:11:09.

raided the home of President Trump's former campaign manager

:11:10.:11:13.

Paul Manafort two weeks ago, seizing It's reported that the FBI agents

:11:14.:11:15.

were working with special counsel Robert Mueller who is

:11:16.:11:20.

investigating claims of Russian interference in the 2016

:11:21.:11:21.

presidential election. More than 200 villagers held

:11:22.:11:26.

by the Taliban in northern They were taken after an attack

:11:27.:11:29.

earlier this week where as many Good news for Botswana

:11:30.:11:33.

sprinter Isaac Makwala. On Tuesday he was withdrawn

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from the World Athletic Championships here in London,

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apparently because Well in the last hour he's qualified

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to compete in the 200 On the previous two night of action,

:11:50.:12:08.

he was barred from competing. So that's good news at the world

:12:09.:12:09.

athletics championships. Seventeen men and one woman have

:12:10.:12:13.

been convicted of sexual exploitation and drugs offences

:12:14.:12:15.

in the northern English Most of the men were from Pakistani,

:12:16.:12:17.

Indian or Bangladeshi backgrounds. Controversially, police paid $13

:12:18.:12:21.

to a convicted child rapist for information that helped

:12:22.:12:35.

to expose this network of abuse. Our correspondent Fiona Trott has

:12:36.:12:38.

been following this case. Guilty of causing girls and women

:12:39.:12:40.

serious harm, court as part of Operation Sanctuary,

:12:41.:12:42.

one of the biggest sexual exploitation investigations

:12:43.:12:44.

in the north of England. Almost 100 perpetrators have

:12:45.:12:47.

already been convicted. One 17-year-old was raped at a party

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session organised by local men. I woke up in the morning,

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the wardrobe was pushed Her police interview

:12:56.:13:01.

was played to the court. To protect her identity we have

:13:02.:13:06.

asked actors to read what she said. He had had sex with us

:13:07.:13:10.

while I was asleep. How did you feel when he told

:13:11.:13:12.

you he had done that to you? It is in houses like these

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where the sessions took place. Victims were given drink and drugs

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and were unable to defend themselves But in 2013 two

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of them came forward. One had been trafficked

:13:38.:13:44.

from a children's home, It started a long and

:13:45.:13:46.

complex investigation. Controversially, officers

:13:47.:13:55.

recruited a convicted child It is not an easy decision,

:13:56.:13:56.

it is a decision we have had What I can categorically

:13:57.:14:06.

state sitting here today, there are dangerous men behind bars

:14:07.:14:10.

now and vulnerable people protected that would not have been the case

:14:11.:14:14.

had we not used that informant. What beggars belief is the decision

:14:15.:14:19.

to cross this child protection line Most of the perpetrators

:14:20.:14:22.

were from Pakistani, This city councillor says leaders

:14:23.:14:29.

from all faiths should re-educate local men to stop similar

:14:30.:14:36.

exploitation in the future. People should not be telling

:14:37.:14:40.

the Asian community had It is like saying to the white

:14:41.:14:42.

community we should be talking However, there is an opportunity

:14:43.:14:49.

to talk about issues on a regular basis about the rights of women

:14:50.:14:58.

and it is important to use religion, like Islam, to educate

:14:59.:15:01.

some of these people. The chief executive

:15:02.:15:06.

of Newcastle City Council says a serious case review

:15:07.:15:07.

is being carried out but it is not the only authority

:15:08.:15:10.

with problems of this kind. We do not believe that what we have

:15:11.:15:13.

uncovered in Newcastle is unique. There has been evidence

:15:14.:15:17.

of similar offending in many We believe that any area that says

:15:18.:15:21.

it does not have a problem It has been a long and traumatic

:15:22.:15:28.

journey for the victims, but their evidence has helped

:15:29.:15:41.

jail the perpetrators. The rest are due to be

:15:42.:15:43.

sentenced next month. Millions of eggs have been taken

:15:44.:15:58.

from the shelves in Belgium. The Belgian government has accused

:15:59.:16:01.

Dutch officials of failing to pass on information about a scare

:16:02.:16:04.

involving eggs contaminated The Belgian agriculture minister

:16:05.:16:06.

also told members of his country's parliament that the authorities

:16:07.:16:09.

in the Netherlands became aware of the problem much

:16:10.:16:11.

earlier than thought. Belgian MPs interrupted their summer

:16:12.:16:23.

holidays today to quiz the head of the Food Standards Agency and the

:16:24.:16:26.

agriculture and public health minister in Belgium, and the Belgian

:16:27.:16:31.

government is fighting against this allegation that they knew for quite

:16:32.:16:37.

some time there could be a problem with these contaminated eggs but

:16:38.:16:39.

they failed to pass the information on to their European neighbours.

:16:40.:16:43.

They are fighting back against that allegation by saying, hang on, we

:16:44.:16:48.

asked the Dutch authorities for information in June and it took them

:16:49.:16:52.

a month to provide it. I Belgian minister also suggested the Dutch

:16:53.:16:55.

may have first become aware of a potential problem as early as last

:16:56.:17:01.

November, much earlier than people thought. The priority is still

:17:02.:17:05.

protecting public health. The health minister saying there is very little

:17:06.:17:10.

risk to the public's health because you would have to consume vast

:17:11.:17:13.

quantities of contaminated eggs to feel any ill effects. Nonetheless, a

:17:14.:17:18.

third of Dutch poultry farms are still closed as a precaution and

:17:19.:17:21.

last week the German government removed 3 million eggs from the

:17:22.:17:27.

shelves. But it does seem that the real effects here will not be felt

:17:28.:17:31.

in people's health but diplomatically and economically.

:17:32.:17:32.

The latest on the Belgian egg scandal.

:17:33.:17:36.

In Kenya, results in the presidential election

:17:37.:17:38.

are still coming in - and so far indicate a steady

:17:39.:17:41.

lead for the incumbent, President Uhuru Kenyatta.

:17:42.:17:42.

The opposition leader Raila Odinga has claimed the computer system used

:17:43.:17:45.

But the electoral commission says the system has

:17:46.:17:48.

NOT been compromised - and ballots will be checked be hand.

:17:49.:17:51.

Just hours after Kenya held a peaceful voting process, the veteran

:17:52.:18:06.

opposition leader questioned the validity of the incoming results.

:18:07.:18:12.

Raila Odinga claimed the electoral database systems had been hacked and

:18:13.:18:16.

the results distorted in order to keep him from winning. A senior IT

:18:17.:18:19.

manager from the Electoral Commission was murdered a week ago.

:18:20.:18:22.

The opposition claim his login was used to access the main database.

:18:23.:18:31.

This attack on our democracy affecting the presidential elections

:18:32.:18:37.

in all 47 counties. But the Electoral Commission is posted as a

:18:38.:18:45.

result of the presidential election is a fraud. Initial results put Mr

:18:46.:18:51.

Odinya well behind the incumbent, president Uhuru Kenyatta, who has

:18:52.:18:54.

promised to respect the outcome. Allegations of vote fraud are not

:18:55.:18:58.

unusual here. Kenyans continue to watch and wait, anxious to avoid a

:18:59.:19:05.

repeat of the post-election violence of ten years ago. In isolated cases,

:19:06.:19:09.

police fired tear gas at protesters in an opposition stronghold in the

:19:10.:19:15.

west. Kenya's electoral authority has called for calm, adding that the

:19:16.:19:19.

early results. The verified, and it denies claims of foul play. --

:19:20.:19:24.

adding that the early result will still be verified. In the past half

:19:25.:19:30.

hour, the head of Kenya's Electoral Commission appeared before reporters

:19:31.:19:33.

to deny the voting system was compromised. I wish to take this

:19:34.:19:39.

opportunity to confirm that our election management system is

:19:40.:19:48.

secure. There were no external or internal errors to the system at any

:19:49.:19:54.

point before, during and after the voting.

:19:55.:19:58.

Anne Soy is at the national count centre there.

:19:59.:20:07.

Tell us more about the Electoral Commission reassuring the public.

:20:08.:20:13.

The chief executive made that statement in this hall, where the

:20:14.:20:18.

final announcement will be made, and they said that no informal complaint

:20:19.:20:26.

was filed, but they got the reports from the media, did their own

:20:27.:20:29.

investigation and discovered that the system has not been compromised.

:20:30.:20:33.

We have had international observers coming to look at what has been

:20:34.:20:39.

going on, the validation of results. The former Secretary of State of the

:20:40.:20:41.

United States, John Kerry, was here that we asked him about his

:20:42.:20:46.

observations, and he said he had a lot of confidence in the system and

:20:47.:20:52.

he has appealed to political parties to exercise patience and let the

:20:53.:20:55.

electoral process run its course. Then you are talking about counting

:20:56.:21:01.

the votes, there is a paper trail back to the polling stations, isn't

:21:02.:21:04.

there? That's right. It is a hybrid system. These are new electronic

:21:05.:21:10.

systems, which many people have put hopes on, and which the opposition

:21:11.:21:16.

party... Once the votes are counted in polling stations, those results

:21:17.:21:21.

are put electronically to the constituency officers and here at

:21:22.:21:27.

the national tallying centre, and people followed these results in

:21:28.:21:32.

real time through a portal. But there are also forms that are signed

:21:33.:21:41.

at polling stations. The count was established and they were signed by

:21:42.:21:44.

party agents, and those are the documents Electoral Commission is

:21:45.:21:49.

going through to make sure that this tallies with what they were sent

:21:50.:21:51.

through the electronic system before they can announce the result.

:21:52.:21:59.

Now for Americans of a certain generation - simply the mention

:22:00.:22:01.

of a Howard Johnson's brings back memories of countless meals consumed

:22:02.:22:04.

Today just one remains and you'll have to go to Lake George

:22:05.:22:08.

So what happened to the once booming franchise?

:22:09.:22:12.

Our correspondent with a certain connection went to find out.

:22:13.:22:19.

It is 1950s America, and Howard Johnson's roadside

:22:20.:22:21.

As more Americans buy cars and take the highways,

:22:22.:22:26.

there is a growing need to feed weary travellers.

:22:27.:22:32.

And, by the early 1970s, Howard Johnson's becomes the largest

:22:33.:22:34.

food chain in America, with more than 1000 restaurants.

:22:35.:22:38.

But fast forward to 2017, and there is only one left.

:22:39.:22:45.

Before we explore the reasons why, I should declare I have a personal

:22:46.:22:54.

interest in the story as my name is also Howard Johnson.

:22:55.:22:56.

Growing up in the UK, visiting Americans would laugh

:22:57.:22:59.

This would be my first visit to a Howard Johnson's restaurant.

:23:00.:23:05.

I had arranged a meeting with 90-year-old Carl DeSantis,

:23:06.:23:12.

In 1953, Carl agreed a franchise deal with Howard Johnson's to build

:23:13.:23:19.

this restaurant in the tourist area of Lake George.

:23:20.:23:23.

It was so successful that we went from one restaurant

:23:24.:23:30.

You could almost put one anywhere and it would go in its heyday.

:23:31.:23:40.

And also the competition, the chains, were not there.

:23:41.:23:46.

Cutbacks after the company went public where one

:23:47.:23:48.

But Ben and Jerry's also muscled in on the ice cream business,

:23:49.:23:53.

while McDonald's became king of the road.

:23:54.:23:56.

We could have made it go, but we did not.

:23:57.:24:02.

But, you know, that is history and nothing is forever.

:24:03.:24:06.

How likely is it that the last Howard Johnson's will still be open

:24:07.:24:09.

I think what will really happen is Lake George, every year,

:24:10.:24:15.

It has gotten to be where it could be a 60-40 kind of deal.

:24:16.:24:23.

60% maybe not, 40% maybe still having it open.

:24:24.:24:28.

That is sad news for HoJo fans who grew up with the brand.

:24:29.:24:32.

When I was young, there were lots of Howard Johnson's.

:24:33.:24:36.

This is the last one standing, so we are going to try to plug it

:24:37.:24:43.

out and give it for as long as we can.

:24:44.:24:46.

No way! That is not true.

:24:47.:24:59.

Are you serious? That is so cool.

:25:00.:25:08.

The decline of a once great American hotel chain.

:25:09.:25:12.

Now before we go, have a look at this video from off

:25:13.:25:15.

of the water off the coast of St John's in Newfoundland.

:25:16.:25:23.

It's fair to say it caught the three people out fishing by surprise.

:25:24.:25:26.

We don't know if they had any luck on the fishing line but a perfect

:25:27.:25:30.

Just time to remind you of the top stories. The US Defence Secretary

:25:31.:25:44.

has warned that North Korea will lose any arms race it initiates,

:25:45.:25:50.

finding himself, as they put it, grossly outmatched by the United

:25:51.:25:55.

States. He urged them to abandon their nuclear weapons programme and

:25:56.:25:58.

cease making threats against US territories. Thank you for being

:25:59.:26:00.

Dry and bright weather for many but some very heavy rain

:26:01.:26:12.