10/08/2017 World News Today


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10/08/2017

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This is BBC World News Today. I'm Philippa Thomas.

:00:09.:00:10.

the British authorities say the scale of modern slavery

:00:11.:00:13.

in the country is far larger than previously thought,

:00:14.:00:16.

with tens of thousands of victims spread across

:00:17.:00:18.

Its horrible, I tell you, it's just horrible...

:00:19.:00:24.

Even now I just feel like, my heart starts beating a little bit.

:00:25.:00:31.

it's ready to launch missiles towards the pacific island of Guam,

:00:32.:00:36.

where America has a massive military presence

:00:37.:00:45.

Britain's Food Standards Agency says 700,000 eggs contaminated

:00:46.:00:47.

Bridging the generations - the veteran playwright

:00:48.:00:50.

Alan Ayckbourn turns to science fiction to reach a new audience.

:00:51.:01:06.

Hello, and welcome to World News Today.

:01:07.:01:09.

Authorities in Britain say modern-day slavery and human

:01:10.:01:12.

trafficking is now so prevalent in the country that there

:01:13.:01:14.

are cases is almost every large town and city,

:01:15.:01:20.

with ordinary Britons unwittingly coming into contact

:01:21.:01:22.

There are likely to be tens of thousands of them,

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according to the UK's National Crime Agency.

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More than 300 police operations are currently targeting

:01:31.:01:32.

And in just two months, this year there have been 111 arrests.

:01:33.:01:39.

Here's our social affairs correspondent, Dominic Casciani.

:01:40.:01:47.

Another day, another anti-slavery operation.

:01:48.:01:48.

Over the last six months, the National Crime Agency has

:01:49.:01:53.

coordinated operations to smash trafficking and slavery gangs.

:01:54.:01:56.

This suspected brothel, run in the north-east of England,

:01:57.:01:58.

Today, a new analysis from the agency suggests

:01:59.:02:04.

the true scale of modern slavery is far greater

:02:05.:02:06.

Aurel from Romania was coerced into hard labour.

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A gang controlled his life for four months until he got out.

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It's just horrible, I tell you, it's just horrible.

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Even now, I just feel like my heart is start beating a little bit.

:02:22.:02:26.

Modern-day slaves are tricked into the UK by gangs promising a

:02:27.:02:32.

better life, and coerced into work they can't escape from.

:02:33.:02:40.

Women forced into prostitution make up to ?600 a day.

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Men are trapped in gruelling work in food processing or agriculture,

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and victims are on the high street in nail bars and car washes.

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You are more likely than ever before to unwittingly

:02:50.:02:51.

run by workers under the control of a gang.

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It's impossible to count all the victims, because,

:03:01.:03:02.

like this enterprise, they are hidden from view.

:03:03.:03:06.

But investigators say the more they look, the more they find.

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We have also seen people as young as 13 and 14 being sexually

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exploited and forced to engage in prostitution.

:03:14.:03:16.

This is a growing problem, for which we think there's a shared

:03:17.:03:21.

responsibility across society in the United Kingdom to address.

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Some critics say the NCA has been too slow off the mark,

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It says there has been a surge in the police response.

:03:30.:03:34.

Charities investigating the abuses say there are obvious signs that

:03:35.:03:37.

someone is being held against their will.

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They are forced to work against their will.

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The trafficker controls their finances, controls their movement.

:03:46.:03:49.

In the small villages, there are few jobs and no money...

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A new online campaign from the National Crime Agency.

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It's pledging to carry on raids month after month, but investigators

:03:57.:04:00.

say they will still need the public's help

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Earlier, I spoke with the anti-slavery campaigner

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and human rights barrister, Cherie Blair, who through her work

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as the chair of the law firm Omnia Strategy, advises companies

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on complying with the Modern Slavery Act.

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Well, it's surprising, actually, where these people can turn up.

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It could be the people who are picking

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strawberries in the fields, if you are in a rural area.

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It could be the girl who is doing your nails in the nail bar

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who doesn't speak very good English, and seems very shy

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It could be the guy washing your car in one of these

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So these are the sort of places, and of course,

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the sex industry is an industry where the are very many such people.

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But it is not just actually about people

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It is also about the kind of goods that we buy, and where they

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It might seem strange to some of our viewers that

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we are talking about the United Kingdom,

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a developed country, sees itself as progressive,

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and yet this problem, it still seems, is pretty pervasive.

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Well, I think, as long as there is one person in slavery,

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then that is a problem, and the statistics say

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that they estimate about 13,000 people in slavery here

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in the UK, and of course, today, the NCA, who said that the problem

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That is the National Crime Agency, saying

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Much bigger than they had anticipated.

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In 2015, we passed the Modern Slavery Act.

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In that first year, the number of prosecutions for

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The following year, 2016, it had gone up,

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This year, we have had this report saying

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that the police are actively looking into over 300 cases.

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So, are you satisfied that there are the tools

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to prosecute and to bring people to justice?

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That there are the tools to prosecute, definitely.

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We do now have an array of offences, and we

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have seen people in the UK be prosecuted.

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One of the first prosecutions, for example, was a

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couple from Nigeria who had brought with them a domestic servant,

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beat her, didn't let her go out, worked her all the hours of the day,

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and they were prosecuted successfully for

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offences of slavery so, that is one example for sure,

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Whether we have the resources and the knowledge to

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actually identify people who are living in slavery is another

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question, and that is, I think, what the report

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today was highlighting, that it is a bigger problem than the

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police imagined, and they are going to need to devote

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And you're talking about specialist resources there, because

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by definition, these people often don't speak English,

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It is very hard to get to them, to find them in the first place.

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Very much so, but, you know, in today's interconnected world,

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though, it is very hard to keep someone in complete isolation,

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Very much so, but, you know, in today's interconnected world,

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though, it is very hard to keep someone in complete isolation,

:07:17.:07:18.

Neighbours seeing strange activities in the street,

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customers going to the nail bar and noticing that the girls are

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very subdued, can't speak English very well, seem to be

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Maybe just asking a little bit more about where these people

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have come from, and where do they go home to tonight?

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So, Cherie Blair, are you saying to your fellow Britons,

:07:39.:07:41.

don't be too complacent about the situation in which other

:07:42.:07:44.

people find themselves, their working environment,

:07:45.:07:48.

they could be witnessing modern-day slavery?

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I think sometimes, as Brits, we do not like

:07:52.:07:56.

to be too nosy and prying into other people's business, but in this case,

:07:57.:08:00.

Just when you thought the war of words between North Korea

:08:01.:08:19.

and America could not get any more heated,

:08:20.:08:21.

Pyonyang has just pushed it up another notch.

:08:22.:08:23.

A statement from the dictatorship says it has a plan to launch

:08:24.:08:25.

missiles into the sea around the US pacific island territory of Guam.

:08:26.:08:28.

Washington has threatened a devastating response.

:08:29.:08:30.

From Guam, Rupert Wingfield Hayes reports.

:08:31.:08:31.

It may not look like it, but there is trouble in paradise.

:08:32.:08:36.

This little Pacific holiday island is now the

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focus of unwanted worldwide attention.

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from North Korea today, this strangely

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TRANSLATION: The Hwasong-12 rocket will be launched

:08:49.:08:53.

by the Korean People's Army and will cross the sky above Japan,

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flying 3,356 kilometres for 1,065 seconds before hitting

:08:59.:09:04.

the waters 30 to 40 kilometres away from Guam.

:09:05.:09:12.

This is the Hwasong-12 missile, on parade in Pyongyang this spring.

:09:13.:09:16.

No-one should doubt it can reach Guam.

:09:17.:09:19.

In recent months, North Korea has successfully

:09:20.:09:21.

tested a host of long-range missiles.

:09:22.:09:26.

The little holiday island is now within the reach of Kim Jong-un.

:09:27.:09:29.

But at the volleyball court, the locals seem

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I think we are kind of used to the whole ebb and flow of hearing

:09:33.:09:38.

we're going to be bombed and it not happening and hearing

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It is not anything that is new to us.

:09:42.:09:44.

It never follows through, so I was not really concerned.

:09:45.:09:47.

I think it is probably like a distraction,

:09:48.:09:51.

maybe, a political kind of move on the side

:09:52.:09:55.

of US and Korea, just to get attention, maybe.

:09:56.:09:59.

If the aim of North Korea is to scare people,

:10:00.:10:01.

People are not fleeing the beaches for the airport.

:10:02.:10:07.

The threat against Guam is very specific.

:10:08.:10:10.

That has a few people worried that maybe, just

:10:11.:10:16.

maybe, Kim Jong-un is planning some sort of action to fire one or more

:10:17.:10:19.

missiles over Japan in this direction.

:10:20.:10:21.

Guam's two huge military bases are home to a

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It makes the island a very attractive target.

:10:25.:10:32.

The tourists, on whom this island depends, are already much more

:10:33.:10:35.

TRANSLATION: I saw the news and started to check where the US

:10:36.:10:43.

military bases on Guam are located. I am worried.

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Everyone here is hoping this latest threat is

:10:48.:10:49.

But they are also starting to wonder what they will do if it is not.

:10:50.:11:01.

It's feared that 19 more African migrants drowned near the coast

:11:02.:11:03.

of Yemen when people smugglers forced them off a boat.

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It's the second such incident in the area in two days.

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Yesterday 50 migrants perished after they were forced into the sea

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The victims, most of whom were teenagers, came from Ethiopia,

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They were headed to Yemen and were forced off the boat close

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From there they hoped to reach Saudi Arabia and the Emirates

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The International Organisation for Migration's Communication Director,

:11:39.:11:41.

His colleagues in Yemen were told by survivors what happened.

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These are two really tragic incidents that happened in Yemen

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in which we learnt from migrants, After coming across the bodies

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on the beach, we learned from the survivors that a smuggler

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appears to have been worried by the appearance

:12:01.:12:02.

of some authorities, some local authorities,

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and rather than be arrested himself, he appears to have forced the young

:12:05.:12:08.

men off the boat into the waters at a very dangerous time

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when the seas are quite rough, and of course, most of them cannot

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swim or have a very poor capacity for swimming.

:12:17.:12:21.

And indeed, we have seen really high numbers of deaths.

:12:22.:12:23.

51 in one incident reported yesterday, and then today, up to 19.

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We are fortunate in the sense that we came across,

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the staff came across the bodies buried on the beach,

:12:30.:12:31.

so we got to learn about it from the survivors, but it is very

:12:32.:12:34.

possible this is happening quite regularly.

:12:35.:12:36.

The smugglers have absolutely no scruples about the lives of those

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they are carrying with them, and indeed we know that many,

:12:40.:12:42.

when they do get ashore in Yemen, once again are exploited,

:12:43.:12:45.

held and detained, and calls are made to the families

:12:46.:12:47.

so they can extort even more money from them.

:12:48.:12:52.

Britain's Food Standards Agency says that some 700,000 imported eggs

:12:53.:12:55.

contaminated with a pesticide have entered the food chain in the UK.

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That's a massive increase over the original estimate of 21,000.

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Meanwhile, Dutch investigators have arrested two people after raids

:13:06.:13:08.

on companies in the Netherlands and Belgium linked to

:13:09.:13:11.

a European-wide egg scare. Emma Simpson reports.

:13:12.:13:23.

This Belgian farmer has had to destroy not just

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The produce is contaminated with an insecticide which is banned

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That is where it has ended up on a potentially

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TRANSLATION: You cannot put your eggs on the market for three months.

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And so I took the decision to kill the animals because it is really too

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The company which came to clean and treat the red

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lice with an organic product really used Fipranol.

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This farm is in the clear and millions of eggs have now been

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pulled from supermarket shelves on the continent.

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Fipranol may be popular for getting rid of fleas on

:14:13.:14:15.

pets, but it can be dangerous to humans.

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Here in the UK, we produce our own eggs but also import them

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And some of the eggs from affected farms

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We're not talking about fresh eggs we buy off supermarket shelves.

:14:30.:14:37.

The affected eggs went into processed foods like sandwich

:14:38.:14:39.

A few days ago the Food Standards Agency said

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Sounds a lot, but that is just .007% of all

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There is no reason why people should avoid

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Our assessment it is very unlikely it is a public health risk.

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People need to not have food which contains a substance that

:15:07.:15:09.

Four supermarkets of limited number of

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Four supermarkets are withdrawing of limited number of

:15:15.:15:22.

Others will already have been consumed.

:15:23.:15:25.

Yet another food scare, highlighting just how complex supply

:15:26.:15:27.

chains can be and how easily problems can spread.

:15:28.:15:30.

Now, it's a story we reported on earlier this week

:15:31.:15:33.

here on BBC World News, and that's made news around the world

:15:34.:15:38.

You will probably have seen the CCTV footage of a jogger seeming to knock

:15:39.:15:43.

a pedestrian into the path of a London bus.

:15:44.:15:45.

Well, police earlier said they'd arrested a man over the incident.

:15:46.:15:48.

The 33-year-old women only escaped serious injury thanks to the quick

:15:49.:15:55.

The suspect, aged 50, has been released pending further inquiries.

:15:56.:16:16.

It's a nail biting wait for the final result

:16:17.:16:18.

of Tuesday's Presidential elections in Kenya.

:16:19.:16:19.

Those released so far put appear to put the incumbent,

:16:20.:16:22.

Uhuru Kenyatta, ahead by a clear margin.

:16:23.:16:23.

But the opposition claims the electoral commissions computers

:16:24.:16:25.

were hacked to give Mr Uhuru that lead, and have urged

:16:26.:16:28.

to declare its leader, Raila Odinga, the winner.

:16:29.:16:31.

International observers say the polls were conducted in

:16:32.:16:33.

The BBC's Tomi Oladipo reports from Nairobi.

:16:34.:16:36.

The official result of Kenya's elections have not yet been

:16:37.:16:38.

announced, but the main opposition party says the tally is a fraud.

:16:39.:16:42.

We demand that the IEBC chairperson announce

:16:43.:16:46.

the presidential election results forthwith, and declare

:16:47.:16:49.

the Right Honourable Raila Amolo Odinga and his

:16:50.:16:52.

Excellency Stephen Kalonzo Musyoka as the duly elected

:16:53.:16:55.

president and deputy president of the Republic of Kenya,

:16:56.:16:58.

Early results indicate that its leader, Raila Odinga, is

:16:59.:17:03.

trailing his rival, President Uhuru Kenyatta,

:17:04.:17:05.

Now, the opposition say a source within

:17:06.:17:18.

the electoral authority has provided numbers to prove they won the vote.

:17:19.:17:21.

The opposition had earlier claimed the

:17:22.:17:22.

electoral database was hacked, and election results manipulated.

:17:23.:17:25.

The electoral authority admits there were

:17:26.:17:27.

unsuccessful hacking attempts, but insists the results were not

:17:28.:17:29.

Foreign observers also described the process as credible.

:17:30.:17:37.

We believe this system is accountable, so far, and at every

:17:38.:17:40.

step is followed, if somebody monkeyed with it, one will be able

:17:41.:17:43.

So trust in the process going forward, that is the key.

:17:44.:17:51.

On Tuesday, millions of Kenyans displayed that faith, and have been

:17:52.:17:54.

The opposition claims are likely to add

:17:55.:17:57.

Life in Kenya has been largely on hold since

:17:58.:18:04.

A political stalemate will only bring more of the

:18:05.:18:07.

uncertainty that Kenyans have been hoping to avoid.

:18:08.:18:09.

The Electoral Commission says it is still

:18:10.:18:11.

verifying the results as they come in.

:18:12.:18:13.

Official figures are not expected for at least another day.

:18:14.:18:27.

The United States has expelled two Cuban diplomats,

:18:28.:18:29.

amid suggestions that mysterious technology was used

:18:30.:18:31.

to damage the hearing of US embassy staff in Havana.

:18:32.:18:33.

US State Department officials believe covert sonic devices may

:18:34.:18:35.

Cuba says it's investigating the claims.

:18:36.:18:41.

For more on this mysterious story, the BBC's Will Grant

:18:42.:18:43.

In late 2016, several US embassy staff in Havana began to report

:18:44.:19:16.

headaches and loss of hearing. As things worsened, they returned to

:19:17.:19:19.

the United States for treatment. US officials in Cuba began to

:19:20.:19:23.

investigate. Some familiar with the case have suggested a sonic device

:19:24.:19:28.

was placed inside or outside the diplomats' homes.

:19:29.:19:41.

What this requires is providing medical examinations to these

:19:42.:19:49.

people, initially when they started reporting what I will call symptoms,

:19:50.:19:55.

it took time to figure out what it was, but this is ongoing. Two Cuban

:19:56.:20:00.

diplomats were asked to leave the country, but not formally declared

:20:01.:20:08.

persona non grata. TRANSLATION: For its part, the Cuban Government

:20:09.:20:11.

issued a lengthy statement on state television announcing the move as

:20:12.:20:18.

unsubstantiated. They also staunchly protected the record with

:20:19.:20:23.

international diplomats on the island. However, the incident comes

:20:24.:20:28.

after a recent downturn in relations. After President Obama

:20:29.:20:36.

improved ties with Cuba, President Strom has ruled this back. The idea

:20:37.:20:43.

of US diplomats losing the hearing is unlike that help mend ties. This

:20:44.:20:49.

latest twist in the long and convoluted relationship between the

:20:50.:20:51.

United States and Cuba is straight out a cold war

:20:52.:21:07.

spy novel both sides and we hope that an investigation will help them

:21:08.:21:13.

get to the most bizarre of incidents.

:21:14.:21:25.

Al Gore's film, An Inconvenient Truth, was a box office hit, and now

:21:26.:21:40.

there is a sequel. I was relieved the very next day when the entire

:21:41.:21:44.

rest of the world redoubled their commitments to the Paris agreement,

:21:45.:21:48.

and in the US, our largest states and hundreds of cities, and business

:21:49.:21:52.

leaders, said, we are still in the Paris agreement, and it now looks as

:21:53.:21:55.

though the US is great to meet our commitments in spite of Donald

:21:56.:22:00.

Trump. It is time to put America first. He has surrounded himself

:22:01.:22:08.

with a rogues gallery of climate change deniers controlled by the

:22:09.:22:15.

large polluters. This is well known. I had reason to believe that he

:22:16.:22:18.

might stay in the Paris agreement, but I think they control his

:22:19.:22:23.

thinking on this. The truth about the climate crisis is still

:22:24.:22:26.

inconvenient for these large polluters and the politicians who

:22:27.:22:31.

they control. The next generation would be justified in looking back

:22:32.:22:35.

at us and asking, what were you thinking? Could you not you what the

:22:36.:22:38.

scientists were saying? Could you not hear what mother nature was

:22:39.:22:42.

screaming? We are feeling the effects of this climate crisis now,

:22:43.:22:46.

we have had all-time record downpours here in the United Kingdom

:22:47.:22:51.

in the last couple of years. Just this week, there were record fires

:22:52.:22:54.

in high temperatures in southern Europe. You could go right around

:22:55.:22:58.

the world and every night on the TV news now, it is like a nature hike

:22:59.:23:02.

through the book of Revelation. Mother nature has joined this

:23:03.:23:04.

discussion, and she is getting the attention of a lot of people who may

:23:05.:23:08.

not see this as a political controversy. It is a question of the

:23:09.:23:13.

survival of our civilisation. But we do have the solutions.

:23:14.:23:17.

Sir Alan Ayckbourn is one of Britain's most successful

:23:18.:23:20.

playwrights, best known for his comic observations of

:23:21.:23:22.

Now, at the age of 78, he has written an

:23:23.:23:25.

epic drama called The Divide, which has its world premiere

:23:26.:23:27.

tomorrow at the Edinburgh International Festival.

:23:28.:23:29.

It's set in England 100 years from now -

:23:30.:23:31.

a deadly contagion has struck, leading to men and women

:23:32.:23:35.

being separated either side of a giant wall.

:23:36.:23:37.

The playwright spoke to our Arts Editor, Will Gompertz,

:23:38.:23:40.

and told him why he had chosen to enter the world

:23:41.:23:42.

It was, I think, an attempt by me to bridge my ageing writing

:23:43.:23:52.

personality to a younger generation, and the way to do that, I thought,

:23:53.:23:56.

was through the medium of science fiction.

:23:57.:24:06.

It gives you an even playing field, where you say to your younger

:24:07.:24:14.

audience, "Now this is a world that I don't know but I have

:24:15.:24:17.

"created and you don't know, and you can inhabit it."

:24:18.:24:23.

Is it a concern of yours that the theatre is failing

:24:24.:24:26.

If you look in the average audience, maybe because of

:24:27.:24:37.

money, but they seem to be middle to late middle age.

:24:38.:24:40.

The sort of people I want in there...

:24:41.:24:44.

You can get the very young, you can catch them before they are

:24:45.:24:48.

ten, but after that they are a lost tribe.

:24:49.:24:53.

where we are considered mature enough to be possible carriers

:24:54.:24:59.

How do you keep on challenging yourself?

:25:00.:25:03.

How do you make sure, you know, after all these plays

:25:04.:25:06.

you don't find yourself repeating past ideas?

:25:07.:25:09.

That is a real problem because I keep thinking I must have

:25:10.:25:15.

I had a stroke a few years back, and for the first time in my life

:25:16.:25:23.

for a few months I had no ideas. And I thought, well that's it.

:25:24.:25:30.

Then a little germ arrived and I go, wow, they're

:25:31.:25:34.

still manifesting, and of course now manifesting furiously.

:25:35.:25:40.

I feel very excited but a little bit nervous.

:25:41.:25:48.

I've written next year's play as well.

:25:49.:25:52.

It's a play called Better Off Dead, I hope that

:25:53.:25:54.

Sir Alan Ayckbourn speaking to our arts editor Will Gompertz there.

:25:55.:26:04.