10/08/2017 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today. I'm Philippa Thomas.


the British authorities say the scale of modern slavery


in the country is far larger than previously thought,


with tens of thousands of victims spread across


Its horrible, I tell you, it's just horrible...


Even now I just feel like, my heart starts beating a little bit.


it's ready to launch missiles towards the pacific island of Guam,


where America has a massive military presence


Britain's Food Standards Agency says 700,000 eggs contaminated


Bridging the generations - the veteran playwright


Alan Ayckbourn turns to science fiction to reach a new audience.


Hello, and welcome to World News Today.


Authorities in Britain say modern-day slavery and human


trafficking is now so prevalent in the country that there


are cases is almost every large town and city,


with ordinary Britons unwittingly coming into contact


There are likely to be tens of thousands of them,


according to the UK's National Crime Agency.


More than 300 police operations are currently targeting


And in just two months, this year there have been 111 arrests.


Here's our social affairs correspondent, Dominic Casciani.


Another day, another anti-slavery operation.


Over the last six months, the National Crime Agency has


coordinated operations to smash trafficking and slavery gangs.


This suspected brothel, run in the north-east of England,


Today, a new analysis from the agency suggests


the true scale of modern slavery is far greater


Aurel from Romania was coerced into hard labour.


A gang controlled his life for four months until he got out.


It's just horrible, I tell you, it's just horrible.


Even now, I just feel like my heart is start beating a little bit.


Modern-day slaves are tricked into the UK by gangs promising a


better life, and coerced into work they can't escape from.


Women forced into prostitution make up to ?600 a day.


Men are trapped in gruelling work in food processing or agriculture,


and victims are on the high street in nail bars and car washes.


You are more likely than ever before to unwittingly


run by workers under the control of a gang.


It's impossible to count all the victims, because,


like this enterprise, they are hidden from view.


But investigators say the more they look, the more they find.


We have also seen people as young as 13 and 14 being sexually


exploited and forced to engage in prostitution.


This is a growing problem, for which we think there's a shared


responsibility across society in the United Kingdom to address.


Some critics say the NCA has been too slow off the mark,


It says there has been a surge in the police response.


Charities investigating the abuses say there are obvious signs that


someone is being held against their will.


They are forced to work against their will.


The trafficker controls their finances, controls their movement.


In the small villages, there are few jobs and no money...


A new online campaign from the National Crime Agency.


It's pledging to carry on raids month after month, but investigators


say they will still need the public's help


Earlier, I spoke with the anti-slavery campaigner


and human rights barrister, Cherie Blair, who through her work


as the chair of the law firm Omnia Strategy, advises companies


on complying with the Modern Slavery Act.


Well, it's surprising, actually, where these people can turn up.


It could be the people who are picking


strawberries in the fields, if you are in a rural area.


It could be the girl who is doing your nails in the nail bar


who doesn't speak very good English, and seems very shy


It could be the guy washing your car in one of these


So these are the sort of places, and of course,


the sex industry is an industry where the are very many such people.


But it is not just actually about people


It is also about the kind of goods that we buy, and where they


It might seem strange to some of our viewers that


we are talking about the United Kingdom,


a developed country, sees itself as progressive,


and yet this problem, it still seems, is pretty pervasive.


Well, I think, as long as there is one person in slavery,


then that is a problem, and the statistics say


that they estimate about 13,000 people in slavery here


in the UK, and of course, today, the NCA, who said that the problem


That is the National Crime Agency, saying


Much bigger than they had anticipated.


In 2015, we passed the Modern Slavery Act.


In that first year, the number of prosecutions for


The following year, 2016, it had gone up,


This year, we have had this report saying


that the police are actively looking into over 300 cases.


So, are you satisfied that there are the tools


to prosecute and to bring people to justice?


That there are the tools to prosecute, definitely.


We do now have an array of offences, and we


have seen people in the UK be prosecuted.


One of the first prosecutions, for example, was a


couple from Nigeria who had brought with them a domestic servant,


beat her, didn't let her go out, worked her all the hours of the day,


and they were prosecuted successfully for


offences of slavery so, that is one example for sure,


Whether we have the resources and the knowledge to


actually identify people who are living in slavery is another


question, and that is, I think, what the report


today was highlighting, that it is a bigger problem than the


police imagined, and they are going to need to devote


And you're talking about specialist resources there, because


by definition, these people often don't speak English,


It is very hard to get to them, to find them in the first place.


Very much so, but, you know, in today's interconnected world,


though, it is very hard to keep someone in complete isolation,


Very much so, but, you know, in today's interconnected world,


though, it is very hard to keep someone in complete isolation,


Neighbours seeing strange activities in the street,


customers going to the nail bar and noticing that the girls are


very subdued, can't speak English very well, seem to be


Maybe just asking a little bit more about where these people


have come from, and where do they go home to tonight?


So, Cherie Blair, are you saying to your fellow Britons,


don't be too complacent about the situation in which other


people find themselves, their working environment,


they could be witnessing modern-day slavery?


I think sometimes, as Brits, we do not like


to be too nosy and prying into other people's business, but in this case,


Just when you thought the war of words between North Korea


and America could not get any more heated,


Pyonyang has just pushed it up another notch.


A statement from the dictatorship says it has a plan to launch


missiles into the sea around the US pacific island territory of Guam.


Washington has threatened a devastating response.


From Guam, Rupert Wingfield Hayes reports.


It may not look like it, but there is trouble in paradise.


This little Pacific holiday island is now the


focus of unwanted worldwide attention.


from North Korea today, this strangely


TRANSLATION: The Hwasong-12 rocket will be launched


by the Korean People's Army and will cross the sky above Japan,


flying 3,356 kilometres for 1,065 seconds before hitting


the waters 30 to 40 kilometres away from Guam.


This is the Hwasong-12 missile, on parade in Pyongyang this spring.


No-one should doubt it can reach Guam.


In recent months, North Korea has successfully


tested a host of long-range missiles.


The little holiday island is now within the reach of Kim Jong-un.


But at the volleyball court, the locals seem


I think we are kind of used to the whole ebb and flow of hearing


we're going to be bombed and it not happening and hearing


It is not anything that is new to us.


It never follows through, so I was not really concerned.


I think it is probably like a distraction,


maybe, a political kind of move on the side


of US and Korea, just to get attention, maybe.


If the aim of North Korea is to scare people,


People are not fleeing the beaches for the airport.


The threat against Guam is very specific.


That has a few people worried that maybe, just


maybe, Kim Jong-un is planning some sort of action to fire one or more


missiles over Japan in this direction.


Guam's two huge military bases are home to a


It makes the island a very attractive target.


The tourists, on whom this island depends, are already much more


TRANSLATION: I saw the news and started to check where the US


military bases on Guam are located. I am worried.


Everyone here is hoping this latest threat is


But they are also starting to wonder what they will do if it is not.


It's feared that 19 more African migrants drowned near the coast


of Yemen when people smugglers forced them off a boat.


It's the second such incident in the area in two days.


Yesterday 50 migrants perished after they were forced into the sea


The victims, most of whom were teenagers, came from Ethiopia,


They were headed to Yemen and were forced off the boat close


From there they hoped to reach Saudi Arabia and the Emirates


The International Organisation for Migration's Communication Director,


His colleagues in Yemen were told by survivors what happened.


These are two really tragic incidents that happened in Yemen


in which we learnt from migrants, After coming across the bodies


on the beach, we learned from the survivors that a smuggler


appears to have been worried by the appearance


of some authorities, some local authorities,


and rather than be arrested himself, he appears to have forced the young


men off the boat into the waters at a very dangerous time


when the seas are quite rough, and of course, most of them cannot


swim or have a very poor capacity for swimming.


And indeed, we have seen really high numbers of deaths.


51 in one incident reported yesterday, and then today, up to 19.


We are fortunate in the sense that we came across,


the staff came across the bodies buried on the beach,


so we got to learn about it from the survivors, but it is very


possible this is happening quite regularly.


The smugglers have absolutely no scruples about the lives of those


they are carrying with them, and indeed we know that many,


when they do get ashore in Yemen, once again are exploited,


held and detained, and calls are made to the families


so they can extort even more money from them.


Britain's Food Standards Agency says that some 700,000 imported eggs


contaminated with a pesticide have entered the food chain in the UK.


That's a massive increase over the original estimate of 21,000.


Meanwhile, Dutch investigators have arrested two people after raids


on companies in the Netherlands and Belgium linked to


a European-wide egg scare. Emma Simpson reports.


This Belgian farmer has had to destroy not just


The produce is contaminated with an insecticide which is banned


That is where it has ended up on a potentially


TRANSLATION: You cannot put your eggs on the market for three months.


And so I took the decision to kill the animals because it is really too


The company which came to clean and treat the red


lice with an organic product really used Fipranol.


This farm is in the clear and millions of eggs have now been


pulled from supermarket shelves on the continent.


Fipranol may be popular for getting rid of fleas on


pets, but it can be dangerous to humans.


Here in the UK, we produce our own eggs but also import them


And some of the eggs from affected farms


We're not talking about fresh eggs we buy off supermarket shelves.


The affected eggs went into processed foods like sandwich


A few days ago the Food Standards Agency said


Sounds a lot, but that is just .007% of all


There is no reason why people should avoid


Our assessment it is very unlikely it is a public health risk.


People need to not have food which contains a substance that


Four supermarkets of limited number of


Four supermarkets are withdrawing of limited number of


Others will already have been consumed.


Yet another food scare, highlighting just how complex supply


chains can be and how easily problems can spread.


Now, it's a story we reported on earlier this week


here on BBC World News, and that's made news around the world


You will probably have seen the CCTV footage of a jogger seeming to knock


a pedestrian into the path of a London bus.


Well, police earlier said they'd arrested a man over the incident.


The 33-year-old women only escaped serious injury thanks to the quick


The suspect, aged 50, has been released pending further inquiries.


It's a nail biting wait for the final result


of Tuesday's Presidential elections in Kenya.


Those released so far put appear to put the incumbent,


Uhuru Kenyatta, ahead by a clear margin.


But the opposition claims the electoral commissions computers


were hacked to give Mr Uhuru that lead, and have urged


to declare its leader, Raila Odinga, the winner.


International observers say the polls were conducted in


The BBC's Tomi Oladipo reports from Nairobi.


The official result of Kenya's elections have not yet been


announced, but the main opposition party says the tally is a fraud.


We demand that the IEBC chairperson announce


the presidential election results forthwith, and declare


the Right Honourable Raila Amolo Odinga and his


Excellency Stephen Kalonzo Musyoka as the duly elected


president and deputy president of the Republic of Kenya,


Early results indicate that its leader, Raila Odinga, is


trailing his rival, President Uhuru Kenyatta,


Now, the opposition say a source within


the electoral authority has provided numbers to prove they won the vote.


The opposition had earlier claimed the


electoral database was hacked, and election results manipulated.


The electoral authority admits there were


unsuccessful hacking attempts, but insists the results were not


Foreign observers also described the process as credible.


We believe this system is accountable, so far, and at every


step is followed, if somebody monkeyed with it, one will be able


So trust in the process going forward, that is the key.


On Tuesday, millions of Kenyans displayed that faith, and have been


The opposition claims are likely to add


Life in Kenya has been largely on hold since


A political stalemate will only bring more of the


uncertainty that Kenyans have been hoping to avoid.


The Electoral Commission says it is still


verifying the results as they come in.


Official figures are not expected for at least another day.


The United States has expelled two Cuban diplomats,


amid suggestions that mysterious technology was used


to damage the hearing of US embassy staff in Havana.


US State Department officials believe covert sonic devices may


Cuba says it's investigating the claims.


For more on this mysterious story, the BBC's Will Grant


In late 2016, several US embassy staff in Havana began to report


headaches and loss of hearing. As things worsened, they returned to


the United States for treatment. US officials in Cuba began to


investigate. Some familiar with the case have suggested a sonic device


was placed inside or outside the diplomats' homes.


What this requires is providing medical examinations to these


people, initially when they started reporting what I will call symptoms,


it took time to figure out what it was, but this is ongoing. Two Cuban


diplomats were asked to leave the country, but not formally declared


persona non grata. TRANSLATION: For its part, the Cuban Government


issued a lengthy statement on state television announcing the move as


unsubstantiated. They also staunchly protected the record with


international diplomats on the island. However, the incident comes


after a recent downturn in relations. After President Obama


improved ties with Cuba, President Strom has ruled this back. The idea


of US diplomats losing the hearing is unlike that help mend ties. This


latest twist in the long and convoluted relationship between the


United States and Cuba is straight out a cold war


spy novel both sides and we hope that an investigation will help them


get to the most bizarre of incidents.


Al Gore's film, An Inconvenient Truth, was a box office hit, and now


there is a sequel. I was relieved the very next day when the entire


rest of the world redoubled their commitments to the Paris agreement,


and in the US, our largest states and hundreds of cities, and business


leaders, said, we are still in the Paris agreement, and it now looks as


though the US is great to meet our commitments in spite of Donald


Trump. It is time to put America first. He has surrounded himself


with a rogues gallery of climate change deniers controlled by the


large polluters. This is well known. I had reason to believe that he


might stay in the Paris agreement, but I think they control his


thinking on this. The truth about the climate crisis is still


inconvenient for these large polluters and the politicians who


they control. The next generation would be justified in looking back


at us and asking, what were you thinking? Could you not you what the


scientists were saying? Could you not hear what mother nature was


screaming? We are feeling the effects of this climate crisis now,


we have had all-time record downpours here in the United Kingdom


in the last couple of years. Just this week, there were record fires


in high temperatures in southern Europe. You could go right around


the world and every night on the TV news now, it is like a nature hike


through the book of Revelation. Mother nature has joined this


discussion, and she is getting the attention of a lot of people who may


not see this as a political controversy. It is a question of the


survival of our civilisation. But we do have the solutions.


Sir Alan Ayckbourn is one of Britain's most successful


playwrights, best known for his comic observations of


Now, at the age of 78, he has written an


epic drama called The Divide, which has its world premiere


tomorrow at the Edinburgh International Festival.


It's set in England 100 years from now -


a deadly contagion has struck, leading to men and women


being separated either side of a giant wall.


The playwright spoke to our Arts Editor, Will Gompertz,


and told him why he had chosen to enter the world


It was, I think, an attempt by me to bridge my ageing writing


personality to a younger generation, and the way to do that, I thought,


was through the medium of science fiction.


It gives you an even playing field, where you say to your younger


audience, "Now this is a world that I don't know but I have


"created and you don't know, and you can inhabit it."


Is it a concern of yours that the theatre is failing


If you look in the average audience, maybe because of


money, but they seem to be middle to late middle age.


The sort of people I want in there...


You can get the very young, you can catch them before they are


ten, but after that they are a lost tribe.


where we are considered mature enough to be possible carriers


How do you keep on challenging yourself?


How do you make sure, you know, after all these plays


you don't find yourself repeating past ideas?


That is a real problem because I keep thinking I must have


I had a stroke a few years back, and for the first time in my life


for a few months I had no ideas. And I thought, well that's it.


Then a little germ arrived and I go, wow, they're


still manifesting, and of course now manifesting furiously.


I feel very excited but a little bit nervous.


I've written next year's play as well.


It's a play called Better Off Dead, I hope that


Sir Alan Ayckbourn speaking to our arts editor Will Gompertz there.


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