22/08/2017 World News Today


22/08/2017

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President Trump backtracks on his campaign pledge and decides

:00:00.:00:14.

Moving into Tal Afar - Iraqi government forces say

:00:15.:00:21.

they have pushed their way into an Islamic State stronghold.

:00:22.:00:38.

The ringleader exposed and plans of a larger attack -

:00:39.:00:41.

the four Barcelona attack suspects reveal all in court.

:00:42.:00:44.

And a victory for Muslim women in India

:00:45.:00:46.

as the controversial practice of instant divorce is

:00:47.:00:48.

Hello and welcome to World News Today.

:00:49.:01:02.

President Trump has announced he's to send more troops to Afghanistan

:01:03.:01:05.

It represents a reversal for the President who,

:01:06.:01:12.

whilst campaigning, had called for a quick withdrawal

:01:13.:01:14.

from a conflict which he'd called a "total disaster".

:01:15.:01:19.

Washington is expected to send an additional 4,000

:01:20.:01:21.

They'll join around 8,000 who have already been deployed there.

:01:22.:01:27.

But together that's still far fewer than in 2011 when there

:01:28.:01:31.

Our North America Editor Jon Sopel reports.

:01:32.:01:41.

Donald Trump loves being a crowd pleaser

:01:42.:01:46.

and throughout the campaign he delighted audiences

:01:47.:01:48.

with the promise to pull US forces out of Afghanistan -

:01:49.:01:51.

a gigantic waste of money and American blood, he said.

:01:52.:01:56.

So this speech was going to take a bit of navigating,

:01:57.:02:00.

because above the sound of the band playing Hail To The Chief was

:02:01.:02:03.

My original instinct was to pull out, and historically

:02:04.:02:08.

But all my life, I've heard that decisions are much different

:02:09.:02:23.

when you sit behind the desk in the Oval Office.

:02:24.:02:27.

But what this flip-flop means in practical terms is hard to assess.

:02:28.:02:30.

The president wouldn't say how many additional troops he would send,

:02:31.:02:32.

nor commit to how long they would be there.

:02:33.:02:35.

The mission would be judged by results, not timelines.

:02:36.:02:37.

He called the policy strategic realism,

:02:38.:02:38.

Some of his harshest words were aimed at the Pakistani

:02:39.:02:55.

government, whom he accused of harbouring terrorists

:02:56.:02:57.

while taking billions of dollars in US aid.

:02:58.:02:59.

And although Kabul may be a long way from Charlottesville,

:03:00.:03:02.

recent events in Virginia were clearly in his mind

:03:03.:03:04.

Loyalty to our nation demands loyalty to one another.

:03:05.:03:10.

Love for America requires love for all of its people.

:03:11.:03:15.

When we open our hearts to patriotism, there

:03:16.:03:18.

is no room for prejudice, no place for bigotry

:03:19.:03:20.

More than 2,000 US troops have already lost their lives

:03:21.:03:29.

in Afghanistan, and the president would have liked nothing more

:03:30.:03:35.

But the strategic importance of not letting Afghanistan fail as a state

:03:36.:03:41.

again means that Donald Trump has had to sign his name to a policy

:03:42.:03:45.

that means there is now an open-ended commitment

:03:46.:03:49.

Though Donald Trump has tried to dress this speech up as marking

:03:50.:03:54.

a significant shift in policy, the most striking thing

:03:55.:03:57.

about it is the sense of continuity with the Obama White House.

:03:58.:04:02.

And one other thing - now that this major policy

:04:03.:04:04.

announcement has come, this is Donald Trump's

:04:05.:04:06.

Not Barack Obama's, not the generals'.

:04:07.:04:12.

He now has ownership of something he never wanted to buy.

:04:13.:04:18.

Divers have located bodies in the flooded compartments of a US

:04:19.:04:24.

warship that collided with an oil tanker near Singapore on Monday.

:04:25.:04:29.

Ten sailors from the USS John McCain went missing during the accident.

:04:30.:04:34.

A Malaysian vessel has recovered another body.

:04:35.:04:36.

Rupert Wingfield-Hayes reports from Singapore.

:04:37.:04:41.

These are the latest pictures of the badly damaged USS

:04:42.:04:44.

John S McCain as it limped into port in Singapore, a massive

:04:45.:04:48.

Today, the news from here has only got worse.

:04:49.:04:56.

Speaking to media tonight, the commander of the US

:04:57.:04:58.

Pacific Fleet said the first bodies had been found.

:04:59.:05:03.

One body that has been reported by the Malaysian Navy has been found.

:05:04.:05:07.

We have discovered other bodies during the diving on McCain today

:05:08.:05:11.

but it is premature to say how many and what the status of recovery

:05:12.:05:15.

It is only two months since this happened off the coast of Japan.

:05:16.:05:27.

An almost identical collision that took the lives of seven US sailors.

:05:28.:05:30.

Now there are maybe ten more to add to that list.

:05:31.:05:33.

Back in the US, naval families are suggesting it is no coincidence.

:05:34.:05:37.

Is there an issue of negligence here or is it just that your men

:05:38.:05:41.

and women are exhausted from being overworked?

:05:42.:05:43.

I was on the McCain this morning, looking

:05:44.:05:45.

Even after their heroic efforts yesterday, I didn't see exhaustion,

:05:46.:05:53.

so that view is not a view that I see reflected to me in the 140,000

:05:54.:05:59.

But these are quotes from some of the US Navy

:06:00.:06:04.

And from one former sailor, "I went without sleep for so long,

:06:05.:06:14.

I began to see things that were not there."

:06:15.:06:18.

In Singapore, this maritime expert agrees the US Navy is overstretched.

:06:19.:06:23.

If you look at all the demands put on the US Navy, in the Middle East,

:06:24.:06:27.

the Persian Gulf, and increasingly out here in the Pacific,

:06:28.:06:33.

basically we have a 300-ship navy and we are asking it to do the job

:06:34.:06:37.

of a 400-ship or maybe even 450-ship Navy.

:06:38.:06:43.

So you may just about be able to see the outline of the John S McCain

:06:44.:06:46.

The search and rescue operation continues here tonight,

:06:47.:06:51.

and then there is the question of how this all happened,

:06:52.:06:54.

and that is a big and deeply disturbing question for the US Navy.

:06:55.:06:59.

Rescue workers on the Italian island of Ischia say they've pulled

:07:00.:07:02.

alive three children, including a seven-month-old baby,

:07:03.:07:06.

from the rubble of their home after an earthquake

:07:07.:07:08.

It hit the holiday island off the coast of Naples, killing two

:07:09.:07:13.

Minutes after the earthquake, dazed survivors

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Around them, in a blizzard of dust, buried cars and rubble-strewn

:07:24.:07:29.

streets, several buildings in Casamicciola collapsed.

:07:30.:07:35.

Rescuers worked frantically to get to those buried.

:07:36.:07:38.

Here, the faint sounds of a baby crying and,

:07:39.:07:41.

after some careful digging, a small miracle.

:07:42.:07:46.

His brothers, though, were still missing.

:07:47.:07:53.

The earthquake struck as people were sitting down

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The homes of some 2,000 residents were damaged.

:07:57.:08:00.

TRANSLATION: The house is destroyed, we can't even get in.

:08:01.:08:08.

Falling masonry remained a threat as the emergency services

:08:09.:08:15.

Both of little Pascale's brothers were found alive,

:08:16.:08:24.

Others, though, are counting the cost of a terrifying night.

:08:25.:08:31.

Let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news.

:08:32.:08:38.

Copenhagen police say a headless and limbless corpse found in waters

:08:39.:08:43.

off Denmark was deliberately mutilated, but they say

:08:44.:08:47.

it is still too early to say whether it is the remains of Swedish

:08:48.:08:51.

She was last seen alive on the 10th of August as she departed on a trip

:08:52.:08:56.

with submarine inventor Peter Madsen.

:08:57.:08:59.

Johnson Johnson has been ordered to pay $417 million to a woman

:09:00.:09:02.

who says she developed ovarian cancer after using products

:09:03.:09:04.

The California jury's decision marks the largest award yet in a string

:09:05.:09:12.

of lawsuits that claim the firm did not adequately warn about cancer

:09:13.:09:16.

The Spanish football club Barcelona says it will demand at least

:09:17.:09:26.

$10 million from its former player, the Brazilian striker Neymar,

:09:27.:09:29.

It follows Neymar's world record $260 million move to the French club

:09:30.:09:33.

Advancing Iraqi government forces say they've pushed

:09:34.:09:40.

into the outskirts of the city of Tal Afar, one of the Islamic

:09:41.:09:44.

State group's few remaining strongholds in the country.

:09:45.:09:47.

The army and its militia allies began their major

:09:48.:09:50.

Tal Afar lies on a key route into Iraq from Syria,

:09:51.:10:01.

and it's been regarded as an important centre

:10:02.:10:03.

But the US says that despite recent successes against IS,

:10:04.:10:06.

With me is Haider al Safi from BBC Arabic.

:10:07.:10:17.

We spoke this time yesterday. What has changed? The Iraqi forces have

:10:18.:10:30.

advanced insight Tal Afar and there are many photographs on social media

:10:31.:10:36.

from inside Tal Afar where the Iraqi forces captured the main town

:10:37.:10:45.

centre, a quarter in the town. It has not yet been confirmed but the

:10:46.:10:50.

Iraqi forces reached that part of the city. I have a meeting

:10:51.:10:56.

resistance? The Iraqi forces talked about the defeat of Isis, being on

:10:57.:11:06.

the retreat. There were some videos exchanged of dead bodies of Isis

:11:07.:11:14.

fighters. And celebrating an easy victory. But they didn't so far.

:11:15.:11:22.

Neither the Iraqi or supporting forces faced fierce fighting as yet.

:11:23.:11:29.

But we know that sometimes Isis fighters tried to drag the Iraqi

:11:30.:11:38.

forces into street fighting were their heavy machinery would be kind

:11:39.:11:44.

of neutralised and it would be soldier to soldier fighting, snipers

:11:45.:11:53.

and IEDs. The fact that the Islamic State group is losing territory in

:11:54.:11:57.

Iraq doesn't necessarily mean that it reduces as a threat. It means

:11:58.:12:03.

they go back to the old techniques, suicide bombing in busy

:12:04.:12:08.

neighbourhoods, and they have started this already, a few suicide

:12:09.:12:15.

bombs in Baghdad, and other cities under Iraqi government control,

:12:16.:12:24.

recently taken back from Isis. They are what the Iraqi government calls

:12:25.:12:29.

sleeper cells and they are becoming more active. For people watching who

:12:30.:12:39.

do not know Tal Afar, how big is it and how many civilians might be in

:12:40.:12:46.

the city? According to recent reports, they are talking about

:12:47.:12:56.

100,000 civilians and there is an expectation of over 20,000 refugees.

:12:57.:13:03.

The Iraqi government announced they have created safe routes for

:13:04.:13:08.

refugees to go through and also other is a kind of high

:13:09.:13:13.

collaboration between Iraqi forces, the Peshmerga, backing the Iraqi

:13:14.:13:23.

forces, and also responsible for checking the people who flee

:13:24.:13:28.

fighting from the city to make sure Isis fighters will not penetrate

:13:29.:13:34.

with those people and leave the city. That is supported by a lot of

:13:35.:13:45.

intelligence being provided by the Americans and Iraqi authorities.

:13:46.:13:47.

Thank you. Four Moroccans have appeared

:13:48.:13:49.

in court in Spain suspected of being part of the Islamist cell

:13:50.:13:52.

which planned and carried out the attacks in and around

:13:53.:13:55.

Barcelona last week. 15 people were killed

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and more than 100 injured. The four men are the only surviving

:13:59.:14:02.

members of a group of 12. In court one of them admitted that

:14:03.:14:05.

a bigger attack was being planned. From Spain, our correspondent

:14:06.:14:08.

Tom Burridge reports. One by one, they were led

:14:09.:14:15.

into a high-security They are suspects in a plot,

:14:16.:14:17.

linked to attacks which killed 15 This morning, they were driven

:14:18.:14:24.

in for questioning in a closed Taken there in his hospital pyjamas,

:14:25.:14:33.

Mohamed Houli Chemlal. The 22-year-old was badly injured

:14:34.:14:45.

when an alleged bomb factory blew up Here, police found 120 gas canisters

:14:46.:14:47.

as well as explosives. Investigators believe the terror

:14:48.:14:51.

cell was planning a more Also in court this morning,

:14:52.:14:53.

Mohammed Aalla, said to be the owner of the Audi A3 used in the attack

:14:54.:15:00.

in the coastal resort of Cambrils. A speed camera clocked four

:15:01.:15:05.

of the attackers as they drove to Paris in that very car,

:15:06.:15:08.

the week before the attacks. And this man's passport

:15:09.:15:12.

was found in the van, The driver of the van,

:15:13.:15:14.

Younis Abuyaaqoob, was shot dead by police yesterday

:15:15.:15:24.

in countryside outside Barcelona. This new video shows police raids

:15:25.:15:28.

in Ripoll on the night The town is where the Imam,

:15:29.:15:32.

Abdelbaki es Satty, is thought to have driven young men to carry

:15:33.:15:37.

out violent jihad. One of the suspects apparently told

:15:38.:15:42.

the court that he and his accomplices were plotting a much

:15:43.:15:45.

bigger attack than the one here on Las Ramblas

:15:46.:15:47.

and they planned to use bombs. The buzz of everyday life

:15:48.:15:50.

in Barcelona goes on, past the mountain of tributes

:15:51.:15:53.

for lives lost, young and old. Tom Burridge, BBC

:15:54.:15:59.

News, in Barcelona. is speaking at the daily

:16:00.:16:06.

State Department briefing. It is relatively unusual

:16:07.:16:09.

for Mr Tillerson to speak at this briefing -

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let's go there now. The fighting will still be done by

:16:13.:16:24.

the Afghan forces, military and security forces, but we believe we

:16:25.:16:28.

can turn the tide of what has been a losing battle over the last year and

:16:29.:16:33.

a half or so, and at least stabilise the situation and hope we start

:16:34.:16:37.

seeing battlefield victories on the part of the Afghan forces who have

:16:38.:16:40.

fought very bravely at they have been fighting with less than full

:16:41.:16:46.

capabilities that we can give them. On third diplomatic front, we are

:16:47.:16:50.

going to adopt a conditions -based diplomacy. We will condition our

:16:51.:16:54.

efforts along with the progress we see being made by the Afghan

:16:55.:16:58.

government who must continue their reform efforts. In particular, much

:16:59.:17:05.

more rigorous efforts around and I corruption. -- anti-corruption. Part

:17:06.:17:13.

of the challenges have been about the methods we have used ordering

:17:14.:17:20.

our aid and we have not been as accountable as we could have been in

:17:21.:17:27.

making sure results are delivered as intended. It is difficult for many

:17:28.:17:34.

aid workers to operate in Afghanistan so as the security

:17:35.:17:38.

environment improves we expect to adopt a different approach as to how

:17:39.:17:42.

we deliver development and assistance to the Afghan government.

:17:43.:17:48.

The president was clear that this entire effort is intended to put

:17:49.:17:55.

pressure on the Taliban, to have them understand they will not win a

:17:56.:18:00.

battlefield victory, we may not win one but neither will they. We have

:18:01.:18:06.

to put some point bring them to the negotiation table saw this ends.

:18:07.:18:11.

Part of why this effort took as long as it did is we chose not to just

:18:12.:18:14.

focus on Afghanistan but we undertook a fairly comprehensive

:18:15.:18:21.

review of our relationships with Pakistan and India and we see this

:18:22.:18:26.

approach requires integration of all three strategies and using Pakistan

:18:27.:18:32.

and India to also bring pressure to bear on the situation in

:18:33.:18:38.

Afghanistan. Pakistan and in particular can play an important

:18:39.:18:42.

role, particularly bringing the Taliban to the negotiating table.

:18:43.:18:48.

Pakistan has suffered acts of terrorism as dramatic as any we have

:18:49.:18:52.

seen anywhere. We stand ready to help artist and address terrorist

:18:53.:18:57.

organisations inside their country but they must adopt a different

:18:58.:19:02.

approach themselves. Pakistan and the US historically had very good

:19:03.:19:05.

relationships but over the last few years there has been a real erosion

:19:06.:19:11.

of confidence between both governments, and erosion of trust.

:19:12.:19:14.

We have witnessed terrorist organisations being given safe haven

:19:15.:19:21.

inside Pakistan, to plan and carry out attacks against US servicemen,

:19:22.:19:24.

officials, disrupting peace efforts inside Afghanistan. Pakistan must

:19:25.:19:29.

adopt a different approach and we are ready to work with them to help

:19:30.:19:33.

them protect themselves against these terrorist organisations but

:19:34.:19:39.

also to start to end attacks disrupting efforts for peace. We

:19:40.:19:46.

will be conditioning our support and relationship with Pakistan on their

:19:47.:19:53.

response. We want to work in a positive way but they must change

:19:54.:19:56.

their approach. India is emerging as a very important regional strategic

:19:57.:20:01.

partner with the United States and it has played an important role is

:20:02.:20:04.

porting the Afghan government and their economy. Providing

:20:05.:20:10.

developmental assistance and economic assistance, and hosting an

:20:11.:20:14.

important economic conference in India this week, and that is

:20:15.:20:19.

all-important for stabilising Afghanistan as a nation, getting

:20:20.:20:23.

their economy functioning and stabilise the country and they can

:20:24.:20:27.

provide more opportunities for their citizens. This will all lead to

:20:28.:20:35.

stability and peace agreement. But regionally it is to put pressure on

:20:36.:20:40.

the parties to understand that fighting will take things nowhere.

:20:41.:20:47.

It will be a lengthy process of reconciliation and a peace accord

:20:48.:20:51.

and Afghanistan can choose its former government that best suits

:20:52.:20:55.

the needs of its people as long as it rejects terrorism, never provides

:20:56.:21:02.

territory in Afghanistan as a safe haven for terrorists, and

:21:03.:21:08.

accommodates all ethnic groups inside Afghanistan. How they want to

:21:09.:21:13.

organise themselves is up to them but we have to recognise their

:21:14.:21:17.

culture is tribal and their history accommodates the nature of those

:21:18.:21:22.

relationships, and there is no reason the government cannot

:21:23.:21:26.

accommodate that as well. We want to facilitate reconciliation and peace

:21:27.:21:32.

process and then coming to the conclusion of how they want to

:21:33.:21:35.

govern themselves. For taking questions I want to make one comment

:21:36.:21:42.

on North Korea. I think it is worth noting that we have and no missile

:21:43.:21:49.

launchers or adoptive acts on the part of North Korea since the

:21:50.:21:52.

unanimous adoption of the UN security council resolution and I

:21:53.:21:58.

want to take note of that and acknowledge it and I am pleased to

:21:59.:22:04.

see that the regime in John Yang -- John Yang... Has exercised

:22:05.:22:14.

restraint. We hope it is the beginning of a signal that they are

:22:15.:22:20.

ready to restrain their provocative acts and perhaps we are seeing our

:22:21.:22:24.

pathway to sometime in the near future having some dialogue. We have

:22:25.:22:29.

to see more on their part but I won't acknowledge the steps they

:22:30.:22:37.

have taken this far. Please keep your questions... I will be brief.

:22:38.:22:46.

It seems to me that with the no nation-building concept the

:22:47.:22:50.

president laid out last night, the main difference other than the

:22:51.:22:55.

timetable part of the military staff, the main difference between

:22:56.:22:58.

the new and old approaches is that your eliminating two thirds of what

:22:59.:23:03.

used to be known as the clear hold and build strategy. If that is

:23:04.:23:14.

correct what happens to them and to corruption -- anti-corruption,

:23:15.:23:22.

counter narcotics, education programmes, and what is that going

:23:23.:23:28.

to mean for Afghan women and girls who have been assured for the last

:23:29.:23:36.

16 years by two administrations that things would go back? As you point

:23:37.:23:44.

out, there are many enormous strides achieved in Afghanistan in terms of

:23:45.:23:51.

the numbers of children now in schools, the role of women in the

:23:52.:23:57.

Afghan economy has been dramatically changed, I don't expect any of that

:23:58.:24:01.

to be rolled back, I think it has been part of the Afghan... Rex

:24:02.:24:10.

Tillerson speaking on Afghanistan and also mentioning North Korea.

:24:11.:24:13.

Lets go to our correspondent Gary O'Donoghue in Washington.

:24:14.:24:17.

I think it was crucial that the aim was to push the Taliban back. He

:24:18.:24:30.

said we may not win this war but we will push it back to a point where

:24:31.:24:33.

political solution is the only outcome. What you're seeing is a

:24:34.:24:38.

realisation which has been around for a long time that actually you

:24:39.:24:43.

can only get a settlement in Afghanistan, you cannot beat the

:24:44.:24:47.

Taliban, they are Afghans and they will have to live in some sort of

:24:48.:24:52.

togetherness with the Afghan army. At the same time, the pressure on

:24:53.:24:55.

the Afghan government to clear up the corruption problem. He said the

:24:56.:24:59.

US had to take some of the blame itself for the way it was delivering

:25:00.:25:06.

aid, getting lost in the mix, and he also said that as things got easier

:25:07.:25:10.

in security terms on the ground, that should be able to be cleared up

:25:11.:25:14.

as well. But you also have the counterterrorism effort in the East

:25:15.:25:19.

with the Islamic State affiliate groups, they are to be eliminated,

:25:20.:25:27.

no question of a final political solution, unlike with the Taliban.

:25:28.:25:33.

Reinforcing the message of the president, saying that is what

:25:34.:25:35.

they're going to do militarily diplomatically.

:25:36.:25:42.

I will have much more analysis on outside source in 30 minutes.

:25:43.:25:56.

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