09/02/2017 The One Show


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09/02/2017

Sir Trevor McDonald talks to Matt Baker and Angela Scanlon about interviewing former mafia members. Plus a report from Spain with the latest on vegetable and lettuce rationing.


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Hello and welcome to The One Show with Matt Baker. And Angela Scanlon.

:00:20.:00:25.

Tonight and offer you cannot refuse, a guest who has cornered the market

:00:26.:00:30.

in investigating the Mafia, and boy, is this an encounter he wishes he

:00:31.:00:41.

had had! My friend, what can I do feel? I wonder if I could begin by

:00:42.:00:48.

asking you this, which crime family are you associated with? And never

:00:49.:00:52.

discuss the family business. Do you think you are lucky to still be

:00:53.:00:58.

alive? What have I ever done to make you take me so disrespectfully? You

:00:59.:01:03.

don't offer friendship. You don't even think to call me Godfather.

:01:04.:01:11.

Please welcome Sir Trevor McDonald! APPLAUSE

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Good to see you Sir Trevor. Do you like what we did there? Thank you

:01:18.:01:24.

for the Marlon Brando bit! You are welcome. You have given up reading

:01:25.:01:29.

the news now but with everything happening at the moment does part of

:01:30.:01:34.

you wish... I am not always up at that hour any more! I thought I

:01:35.:01:39.

would miss it much, much, much more but I did it for a very long time

:01:40.:01:43.

and then something happened, I was asked to come back and do a bit that

:01:44.:01:49.

I was not sure about but I did and now No. I want my second loss of

:01:50.:01:54.

wine! What if you got a chance to sit down with the Donald rather than

:01:55.:02:02.

the Don? I don't have an interest in it now but if I was doing the news

:02:03.:02:07.

when he was president, every journalist would want to do it. But

:02:08.:02:12.

it is not an encounter I think much about these days. Stick with what

:02:13.:02:17.

you know. I've got bad image in my mind now, it is so perfect. I will

:02:18.:02:24.

stick to Marlon Brando! Trevor will announce some breaking stories at

:02:25.:02:27.

the end of the show so we need headlines from you. Your personal

:02:28.:02:32.

breaking news stories. It has to be big and we need to know who you want

:02:33.:02:37.

to break the news too. Maybe you have finished roof felting the shed

:02:38.:02:42.

or finished that scarf! Said us a picture and we will put them in

:02:43.:02:47.

Trevor's bulletin later. The shortage of green stuff in the shops

:02:48.:02:51.

is good news if you are a salad dodger like me or bad news if you

:02:52.:02:57.

are a health nut. With warnings that the shortage might last several more

:02:58.:03:02.

weeks we put Dan on a budget flight to Spain. With lettuce prices

:03:03.:03:07.

leaping and courgette stocks cut I want to know what's going on. To get

:03:08.:03:12.

to the root of the problem I'm going directly to the source. And that

:03:13.:03:16.

means a trip to Spain. As we have seen on the news our produce problem

:03:17.:03:21.

comes down to Europe's unusually wet, windy wild winter. So this is

:03:22.:03:31.

not quite what I was expecting. It is warm, dry, so I think I need to

:03:32.:03:35.

be to some of the locals to find out what's been happening. After

:03:36.:03:38.

terrible weather kit Italy and Greece in December, this region

:03:39.:03:44.

became one of the sole remaining sources of Europe's leafy greens.

:03:45.:03:49.

But fender floods arrived here as well. One month later, this market

:03:50.:03:55.

does not seem to be too badly. My Spanish force a bit flat with

:03:56.:04:00.

stallholders but fortunately I found a couple of expats to fill me in on

:04:01.:04:05.

what's been going on. There's plenty of local produce coming into the

:04:06.:04:09.

market is now but it is the large operators like Tesco, Sainsbury's,

:04:10.:04:13.

Morrisons, Waitrose, some of them owned the fields around this area

:04:14.:04:16.

and we provide from those feels aided percent of the food that is

:04:17.:04:21.

going to England in the winter, last winter they had three days of

:04:22.:04:26.

nonstop torrential rain, thunder and lightning, 70 years since they'd had

:04:27.:04:30.

anything like it. It was striking lightning pretty awful and the water

:04:31.:04:36.

was up to hear! Helicopters were parked on the beaches. Meijer we

:04:37.:04:42.

were one foot in the water throughout the house and we got

:04:43.:04:45.

struck by lightning because they've got underground car parking and two

:04:46.:04:48.

people lost their lives. The whole of the area was under water. It's

:04:49.:04:54.

starting to become clear, this is not just about paying a bit more for

:04:55.:04:58.

your weekly greens in the shop, what's happened here and across a

:04:59.:05:02.

large part of Europe has been devastating. I have been told this

:05:03.:05:07.

entire area should be dry but it's covered in thick sticky mud from the

:05:08.:05:10.

flood. You can see how far we are from the beach. The devastation is

:05:11.:05:16.

not restricted to the coast. I've heard about a farm in land that

:05:17.:05:20.

would normally export these lettuces straight to the UK. The weather has

:05:21.:05:24.

been so bad here that it has torn up the road. There are 1 million pieces

:05:25.:05:32.

here on the farm, all the crop we can see has been destroyed. The

:05:33.:05:36.

problem is that the water is still inside the soil. If we have this

:05:37.:05:42.

situation we can't work the soil because the tractor will stop. By

:05:43.:05:46.

putting a tractor through treacle, it's not going to work. Because this

:05:47.:05:52.

takes a lot of work. And it's nothing. How bad is it for business?

:05:53.:05:58.

50% after production in this area has been destroyed... McCarthy

:05:59.:06:03.

production. It is impossible to sell and eat these. It's too damp. And

:06:04.:06:09.

prices have been affected here as well, lettuce is now costing more

:06:10.:06:14.

than ?1 in supermarkets. In some areas, the land has been dry so

:06:15.:06:18.

production can now pick up but with crops lost so much through Europe

:06:19.:06:23.

demand for those vegetables will be very high. The only area in Europe

:06:24.:06:32.

where we can supply these lettuces. Could it happen again this year? We

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don't know. I hope not, but it could happen. We are still in the winter.

:06:40.:06:45.

How long before it gets back to normal? Normal situation, in March.

:06:46.:06:53.

It's OK, you know. This is an eye-opener. Whole fields full of

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these. Our prices may have gone up in the shops but livelihoods been

:06:59.:07:03.

devastated here. That's the thing that, wherever you are in the world,

:07:04.:07:06.

if you are a farmer with produce like that what can you do? You are

:07:07.:07:13.

at the mercy of the weather. Absolutely. Greengrocer Chris Bavin

:07:14.:07:17.

has spent the week unpicking the truth behind the headlines on Food:

:07:18.:07:20.

Truth or Scare. Chris, we are hearing a lot about this crisis, the

:07:21.:07:25.

lettuce crisis, the courgettes crisis, although you think this

:07:26.:07:30.

rationing is a good thing. I don't think it is rationing literally, I

:07:31.:07:34.

don't think supermarkets are trying to reduce the amount of letters that

:07:35.:07:37.

the public are buying, I think they are trying to filter out the

:07:38.:07:41.

businesses that are now going in and buying large amounts of iceberg

:07:42.:07:46.

lettuce in this case. Because when you see incredibly high wholesale

:07:47.:07:59.

prices, if you are a cafe owner or a restaurant it's cheaper to go to the

:08:00.:08:02.

retailer and buy it but they not buying two or three, they are buying

:08:03.:08:05.

in bulk. So they are trying to restrict that. So they don't feel

:08:06.:08:08.

that we are going to overdose on ice pick lettuce! You don't need to buy

:08:09.:08:12.

more than three of those, never have. I think we should make the

:08:13.:08:16.

distinction, it is a big problem for the growers but for the consumer is

:08:17.:08:21.

not necessarily a huge issue. And certain products make the most of

:08:22.:08:26.

this situation with the lettuce. Perhaps we have been forced to be

:08:27.:08:29.

more adventurous, sales of watercress have risen by 50% in some

:08:30.:08:35.

cases. What this tells us is to lessen our reliance on one single

:08:36.:08:39.

product and perhaps be more adventurous and try different

:08:40.:08:45.

things. Mix it up. Tomatoes are in the news, ketchup, are you a fridge

:08:46.:08:49.

man or a cupboard man? Traditionally I would have had them in the

:08:50.:08:54.

cupboard! Serious, isn't it! Traditionally I would have had them

:08:55.:08:57.

in the cupboard and once they were open, put them in the fridge. Sir

:08:58.:09:05.

Trevor, are you a ketchup man? No. Occasionally in New York if you have

:09:06.:09:09.

a hot dog on the street then they don't ask many questions and if you

:09:10.:09:19.

have hot dog they just put it on. Just wanted to confirm that you have

:09:20.:09:23.

none in the cupboard or in the fridge. I wait until I get to New

:09:24.:09:29.

York! Very upmarket, the hot dog and a glass of wine. Living the dream.

:09:30.:09:36.

Thank you, Chris, good luck with Food: Truth or Scare, honoured

:09:37.:09:39.

tomorrow morning at quarter past nine. Four weeks we have been

:09:40.:09:43.

hearing about funding for the health service, now that claims that

:09:44.:09:45.

schools might face a similar problem. Kevin joins headteachers

:09:46.:09:50.

taking their argument for more money to the very top. It is 530 on a

:09:51.:09:56.

soaking wet morning in Horsham, West Sussex. And I am first to get on

:09:57.:10:01.

board this school coach trip with a difference. Right, we are on our

:10:02.:10:06.

wait to meet headteachers from West Sussex who believe we are in a

:10:07.:10:10.

national crisis and they think the coach trip to Westminster is going

:10:11.:10:13.

to be a make or Drake for their schools. -- make or break. Schools

:10:14.:10:20.

in West Sussex are currently among those receiving the least amount of

:10:21.:10:24.

funding from the government. Right here we are. The heads are going to

:10:25.:10:35.

ask Minister for schools standards Nick Gibb for an emergency cash

:10:36.:10:37.

injection of ?20 million which they say is needed to avoid a drop in

:10:38.:10:40.

standards. One of the heads is Jules White of Tonbridge house School. He

:10:41.:10:46.

says that here, as in many schools funding is not keeping pace with

:10:47.:10:51.

rising pupil numbers. In the last five years we've risen from 150

:10:52.:10:59.

pupils to 430. The money they want represents an extra ?200 per pupil

:11:00.:11:01.

and would mean he could avoid further reductions in the number of

:11:02.:11:07.

teachers. Most of all we would make sure we avoided the nightmare

:11:08.:11:10.

scenario of a four-day week, the last thing any school would want.

:11:11.:11:15.

Attention, everyone, and a half of all pupils in the UK it gives me

:11:16.:11:20.

great pleasure to say, headteachers, sit up straight and keep the noise

:11:21.:11:25.

down! Michael Ferry runs Saint Wilfrid 's Catholic School in

:11:26.:11:31.

Crawley. A big day is this? Massive. The ?200 we are asking for would

:11:32.:11:36.

mean we could fulfil the potential of our students. Last March the

:11:37.:11:40.

government announced the new funding formula from which West Sussex will

:11:41.:11:44.

benefit but the headteachers say it won't come close to covering rising

:11:45.:11:49.

costs like national insurance and pensions, and school governors in

:11:50.:11:53.

West Sussex like Cliff Purvis are threatening to strike in support of

:11:54.:11:57.

them. The new funding formula will come into place in 2018. But until

:11:58.:12:04.

then we have this huge gap. And it is the children who are at the

:12:05.:12:07.

schools now that deserve the best that we can give them. Look at those

:12:08.:12:12.

different artists, how would you take those different things and come

:12:13.:12:18.

up with different ideas? In this school there's only one art teacher

:12:19.:12:21.

of the entire school so supply teachers have to fill the gaps, it's

:12:22.:12:27.

a worry for keen artists like Ryanair, 13. Having an art teacher

:12:28.:12:33.

more experienced than a supply teacher, if they are given the class

:12:34.:12:36.

to teach they give you something used to help you work with. Don't

:12:37.:12:42.

worry, I won't start singing. Although I might still! Every

:12:43.:12:44.

headteacher on the coach has concerns. We have already got down

:12:45.:12:51.

to a base level of funding. I can only provide at the moment a

:12:52.:12:57.

skeleton service. If the schools minister goes around individually

:12:58.:12:59.

and says, in ten seconds, why should I give you the money, what is your

:13:00.:13:05.

answer? Children, they are our future. We are down to the bare

:13:06.:13:10.

bones, with ten efficiencies. It isn't just West Sussex, in London,

:13:11.:13:16.

in Kingston, headteachers say they are struggling to keep staff, as

:13:17.:13:25.

things stand in Cheshire East they might face a four day week and in

:13:26.:13:28.

Devon some teachers are looking at bigger classes and fewer subjects.

:13:29.:13:30.

This West Park primary teacher has already seen on a minister with more

:13:31.:13:33.

success in touch with no success, this time she is determined. Is an

:13:34.:13:37.

odd environment, very deferential and feels a bit like the Ministry

:13:38.:13:42.

for magic way you must say, with respect, Minister, every time you

:13:43.:13:47.

speak. If you don't do they send you out of the room? I don't know, we

:13:48.:13:52.

all said it, we will say at this time. They are given hope because

:13:53.:13:56.

the National Audit Office said the government should intervene quickly,

:13:57.:14:00.

should problems arise. At first it looked promising, the meeting was

:14:01.:14:03.

booked to be one hour, they were in for an

:14:04.:14:25.

hour and a half. Funnily they emerged. Jules, how did it go? We

:14:26.:14:29.

are not smiling. We asked the Minister six times and his implicit,

:14:30.:14:31.

the budget has been set, which eventually we have to take as a No.

:14:32.:14:34.

We asked the Minister, Nick Gibb, if we could talk to him but he did not

:14:35.:14:38.

want to meet us. In a statement, his department said that school funding

:14:39.:14:40.

was at a record level of over ?40 billion this year. So those

:14:41.:14:42.

headteachers have faced the school minister, had their say, obviously

:14:43.:14:45.

it did not work at the way they wanted at judging by what I've heard

:14:46.:14:48.

on the coach and what they've said after the meeting

:14:49.:14:52.

We have heard that the headteachers have been called back to the

:14:53.:14:57.

Department for Education for a follow-up meeting, so we will keep

:14:58.:15:01.

you updated. I can't guarantee Kevin will take them on the bus though!

:15:02.:15:10.

Sir Trevor, we have got Mafia Women, your upcoming series, and you are

:15:11.:15:14.

back in the States meeting the wives and daughters. Paint a picture of

:15:15.:15:18.

growing up in a mafia household. Some of the people who grew up, some

:15:19.:15:24.

of the daughters and sons, were obviously traumatised. The others,

:15:25.:15:27.

rather strangely, difficult for us to understand or totally comprehend,

:15:28.:15:32.

regarded it as part of a current of normal life. I think one of the

:15:33.:15:39.

reasons for this is because, however steeped people were in the mafia as

:15:40.:15:43.

a kind of criminal organisation, there was always a very strong

:15:44.:15:48.

family element. One woman, whose father was called the Grim Reaper

:15:49.:15:52.

because he killed so many people, even the FBI were not sure how may

:15:53.:15:56.

people he actually killed, and she said to me, he always home at 530 PM

:15:57.:16:03.

for dinner. So you go out in the day killing people or you might go out

:16:04.:16:07.

at night, but you are for dinner. How nice! A lot of these women had

:16:08.:16:12.

never been filmed all told their story before, so how did you get

:16:13.:16:18.

them to open up? It isn't all my work, but my colleagues took a long

:16:19.:16:22.

time. I think it took about two years to convince some of them.

:16:23.:16:26.

There was another interesting aspect to this, which is that we did a

:16:27.:16:30.

mafia series on the mend, concentrating just on the mend, and

:16:31.:16:34.

I think some of these women felt that they wanted to be heard. Mafia

:16:35.:16:40.

people are not by nature very kind of silent or coy about what they've

:16:41.:16:45.

done. I think the reason for that is, although we see them as

:16:46.:16:48.

essentially a criminal enterprise, they regard it as something about

:16:49.:16:52.

which they are very proud. They talk about the fact that it dates back to

:16:53.:17:01.

Sicilian families over 100 years ago, and they talk about the fact

:17:02.:17:04.

that they live rather well. They all have big mansions in the boroughs,

:17:05.:17:12.

Staten Island. One guy said to me, I walk into restaurants and I don't

:17:13.:17:16.

have to look to see how much the bottle of champagne costs. They like

:17:17.:17:20.

living well. I think that applies to some of the families. One woman said

:17:21.:17:26.

to me, I said, when you go shopping, how much money do you get? And she

:17:27.:17:33.

showed me... That lifestyle comes at a cost. Let's have a look at the

:17:34.:17:37.

first episode. What was the moment like when you discovered who Anthony

:17:38.:17:44.

was? I was shocked. When I typed in, once the image pulled up and I said

:17:45.:17:53.

mafia, I typed in his name and "mafia", and it was just like

:17:54.:17:56.

article after article, and I was reading through it and I went down

:17:57.:18:02.

to the house, I knocked on his door and I just said, you know, can I

:18:03.:18:08.

talk to you? Well, what is extraordinary is they explain to you

:18:09.:18:14.

that the men take this blood oath which puts the mafia ahead of their

:18:15.:18:19.

family. The mind boggles as to why you would want to enter into that

:18:20.:18:23.

situation. I know, but it's what they do. And the mafia takes

:18:24.:18:28.

precedence over wives and family. So the wise and family follow on. What

:18:29.:18:35.

I found odd, especially in the first programme when you meet the

:18:36.:18:38.

daughters, is that the father was saying, I don't want my daughter to

:18:39.:18:42.

have anything to do with this, so they are pushing part of their

:18:43.:18:45.

family away but welcoming other women into it. It seems quite

:18:46.:18:52.

hypocritical. To them, it isn't hypocritical. They think, this is

:18:53.:18:56.

the way this fraternity works, this is how we operate, and the operation

:18:57.:18:59.

is key and everything else is subsidiary. Part of interest for in

:19:00.:19:04.

doing this is that you only people away sort of layer by layer what

:19:05.:19:11.

these people are really like and what motivates them. -- you peel

:19:12.:19:16.

away the layers that it isn't easy. If you get them to talk, hopefully

:19:17.:19:19.

you get them to explain how they feel about things. I can't wait for

:19:20.:19:27.

the second one. Mafia Women with Trevor McDonald starts next Thursday

:19:28.:19:33.

at 9pm on ITV. This week we discovered that, if you want to

:19:34.:19:36.

complain about being overlooked for a knighthood, it's probably best not

:19:37.:19:40.

to write an e-mail to your publicist. But could there be a way

:19:41.:19:46.

to avoid disappointment? His Iwan Thomas OBE. Spot the odd one out,

:19:47.:19:52.

Dame Judi Dench, Sir Trevor McDonald, me and so Rod Stewart.

:19:53.:19:55.

They have all been knighted except me. I've just got a MBE, but I

:19:56.:20:02.

wouldn't mind a knighthood. Sir Iwan . Yeah, got a nice wrinkled I'm

:20:03.:20:07.

meeting a man who claims that his company improves the odds of getting

:20:08.:20:11.

to kneel before the Queen. What does one have to do to get a knighthood?

:20:12.:20:17.

You have to be in it to win it. People can't nominate themselves. If

:20:18.:20:22.

you know somebody who is worthy of a honour, you have to put them

:20:23.:20:27.

forward. How can your company help somebody like me? We will save the

:20:28.:20:31.

nominator time, effort and deprivation. We typically spend 100

:20:32.:20:39.

to 150 hours on a nomination. If I came to you with ?10,000 and said,

:20:40.:20:44.

work some magic, what happens if I didn't get a good result? I get a

:20:45.:20:50.

refund? We would only take somebody on if we felt they had a well above

:20:51.:20:55.

average chance. What if somebody is really deserving but they don't have

:20:56.:21:01.

2p to rub together? They can get friends and family to nominate them.

:21:02.:21:04.

It's free to do it. All you have to do is go to the government website,

:21:05.:21:09.

download the forms and take care of the process yourself. You didn't

:21:10.:21:16.

happen to slay a dragon or rescue a damsel in distress to become what

:21:17.:21:22.

began in childhood, and arduous training regime of swordsmanship and

:21:23.:21:29.

chivalry until 18, when a religious ceremony turned you into a knight.

:21:30.:21:33.

It's a knighthood really worth it these days? Do the public still sit

:21:34.:21:41.

up and notice? I think it's a big deal. If somebody has gone out of

:21:42.:21:45.

their way to do loads of good things for the community, they should be

:21:46.:21:47.

respected for that and people should know. If somebody is recognised with

:21:48.:21:57.

a MBE, OBE or knighthood, is it a good thing? It inspires kids. Are

:21:58.:22:04.

they worth the fuss? Probably not. Possibly a bit outdated. I think a

:22:05.:22:08.

lot of people do a lot of good work and don't get rewarded for the

:22:09.:22:12.

people who get a phenomenal income and get a lot of exposure, be

:22:13.:22:16.

grateful for what you have got. Don't whinge about. But my

:22:17.:22:21.

nomination does get past the first hurdle, and how do I get selected by

:22:22.:22:24.

committee and then the Prime Minister? Myles Pryce was a spin

:22:25.:22:32.

doctor for Tony Blair and dealt with the Prime Minister's selection of

:22:33.:22:34.

potential knights. When a nomination lands on the table, is it a done

:22:35.:22:40.

deal? No, you have to be checked out. There are committees looking at

:22:41.:22:43.

your background and there can be barriers in your way. It's not

:22:44.:22:48.

automatic. If you get that far, you are a long way down the road. Do you

:22:49.:22:51.

ever look at it and think, that would be good PR for us if that

:22:52.:22:58.

individual was mated? It depends who they are. It is what looks good for

:22:59.:23:03.

the country though. -- is that individual was knighted. How can I

:23:04.:23:07.

get promotion? Keep your nose clean and you never know. To be honest, I

:23:08.:23:14.

think a knighthood is years from me. But in the meantime, I'm going to

:23:15.:23:21.

practice. James, take me home! Be happy with a MBE! Sir Trevor, is

:23:22.:23:27.

it right that you thought your knighthood letter was a mistake?

:23:28.:23:31.

First of all, it had been sent somewhere else and it never reached

:23:32.:23:36.

me. I had a call saying I hadn't responded and I said, what letter? I

:23:37.:23:39.

gradually got out of the person from Downing Street that it was about a

:23:40.:23:46.

honour. I said, what honour? They said it was a knighthood and I was

:23:47.:23:50.

suddenly interested. But it went the wrong place and I almost never got

:23:51.:23:55.

it. I never believed... I kept it in my pocket for several days before

:23:56.:24:01.

saying anything to anybody. I was quite sure another one would come

:24:02.:24:04.

saying, we've made a terrible mistake and send this to the wrong

:24:05.:24:10.

person. I was pleased but shocked. Brilliant! I have learned a tonne of

:24:11.:24:14.

things from being on this show, not least that Sir Trevor may not have

:24:15.:24:21.

been a sir at all. On top of that, an American present died because he

:24:22.:24:27.

got a cold, basically, before he went into office at the inauguration

:24:28.:24:30.

and he didn't wear a coat. And there are a lot of different breeds of

:24:31.:24:39.

mice. There are. I like the sound of mouses. I bet I can name one that

:24:40.:24:44.

you don't know. We are going to name mice? Dormouse, African pygmy mouse,

:24:45.:24:53.

harvest mouse, Mickey Mouse. Meet the sea mouse, Matt. You didn't know

:24:54.:24:59.

about him. Chocolate mouse? Deep in the coastal inlets of western

:25:00.:25:05.

Scotland live some weird and wonderful animals. Seven armed

:25:06.:25:09.

starfish, and enemies and brittle stars in their thousands but, in

:25:10.:25:15.

amongst these waving arms is perhaps the most strange creature, a bizarre

:25:16.:25:21.

marine worm known as a sea mouse. Under light, it becomes oddly

:25:22.:25:24.

iridescent. Believe it or not, the secret behind this fascinating

:25:25.:25:30.

creature could soon affect us all. They are usually incredibly

:25:31.:25:33.

difficult to see because they spend most of their time buried in the

:25:34.:25:38.

mud, deep on the sea bed. So, to get a closer look at the sea mouse's

:25:39.:25:44.

incredible iridescent colours, scientists have caught some for us

:25:45.:25:49.

and, with my torch, I can show you their most remarkable feature. Can

:25:50.:25:54.

you see that iridescent is? The are so beautiful. When white light

:25:55.:26:02.

shines on a sea mouse's pairs, they reflect a rainbow of colours. It is

:26:03.:26:07.

something intriguing scientists, such as Oxford University's doctor

:26:08.:26:13.

Andrew Parker. This is one of those individual hairs. As the structure

:26:14.:26:17.

is curved, you get different angles presenting itself to the light so

:26:18.:26:22.

you get different colours from both angles. Rather than a pigment, like

:26:23.:26:26.

you would get in your clothes, this is totally transparent material. But

:26:27.:26:32.

what is the use of such vibrant colours to a worm living on the sea

:26:33.:26:37.

bed? Well, it is thought the iridescent material could be to

:26:38.:26:43.

frighten off predators by drawing attention to their shop spines. And

:26:44.:26:47.

the principle behind it could revolutionise the Internet, because

:26:48.:26:55.

it can transmit light 50% faster than that used today for superfast

:26:56.:27:01.

communication. The secret lies in its microscopic structure. Magnified

:27:02.:27:05.

thousands of times, this image reveals layers of hexagonal cells

:27:06.:27:08.

called photonic crystals. After decades of research, the

:27:09.:27:13.

telecommunications industry was catching up with nature to create

:27:14.:27:17.

its own version. A pity we didn't discover this first or we could have

:27:18.:27:24.

saved a lot of time in physics labs. Since this extraordinary discovery

:27:25.:27:29.

in sea mice, it's also been seen in other animals, peacocks, magpies and

:27:30.:27:35.

butterflies, all of which display the same quality. In years to come,

:27:36.:27:42.

don't be surprised to see the remarkable light reflecting

:27:43.:27:45.

properties of the sea mice appearing in a variety of products from

:27:46.:27:50.

high-tech clothing to iridescent pink. If you are going sea mouse

:27:51.:27:58.

spotting, take a torch. It's important. We asked for your

:27:59.:28:03.

breaking news story, so Trevor could announce it. Here goes. A trip down

:28:04.:28:12.

memory lane. You guys are just testing what I can still read this

:28:13.:28:17.

one is, Stuart assembles summerhouse all by himself. And this one,

:28:18.:28:24.

Michelle makes a rug out of husband's old T-shirts. And

:28:25.:28:32.

finally... And finally, Samantha and Mark from Haydock are expecting.

:28:33.:28:45.

Great news. Lovely news. That reminds me... I am so relieved. And,

:28:46.:28:52.

Alex and family, we send our love to you. Thank you to Sir Trevor

:28:53.:28:58.

McDonald. You can now go home and get your glass of wine and your

:28:59.:29:03.

hotdog. Mafia Women starts next Thursday at 9pm on ITV. I will be

:29:04.:29:09.

back tomorrow with Richard Osman as we chat to sell reports -- national

:29:10.:29:15.

project to Sara Cox, and there was music from Elbow. Good night.

:29:16.:29:18.

Sir Trevor McDonald talks to Matt Baker and Angela Scanlon about interviewing former members of the mafia. Plus a report from Spain with the latest on vegetable and lettuce rationing.