Episode 19 Inside Out


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Episode 19

Does having a Muslim name damage a person's job prospects? Why are European nurses starting to turn their backs on Britain? And how American crayfish are invading UK waterways.


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I Matthew Wright, you're watching Inside Out. Does having a Muslim

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name damage your chances in the job market? There is a link in people's

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minds between that and terrorism. That is why there is a problem. How

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the Brexit vote is making it tough to find the European nurses the NHS

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needs. On the NHS is already greatly understaffed. If you take away the

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EU nurses it will be mayhem. And the American crayfish invading the

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capital pot and what ways .- it was recognised that these American

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crayfish that they thought were immune to the crayfish plague

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carried it, and that will kill any non-American crayfish within two or

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three weeks. President Trump's travel orders

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against seven Muslim majority countries has been religious

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discrimination at the top of the news agenda. Termination can come in

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many forms, both blatant and subtle, and Inside Out Maul Has Been

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Investigating Whether And Under Representation Of Muslims Is As A

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Result Of Discrimination In The Jobs Market. We Conducted Our Own

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Exclusive Research And Caroline Wyatt Has The Story. I'm In Between

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Jobs At The Moment. It Is Quite Clear That It Is Not My

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Qualifications that is the issue, it is my religion. NMI is there is a

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link between Islam and terrorism. I think that is why they think there

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is a link. They don't want to employ others. I been taken along the lines

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of changing my name. Just to get the focus of my religion. Kangol name

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religion hurt your search for a job? It is a topic of debate amongst many

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Muslims with good reason. According to a report, Muslims are three times

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more likely to be unemployed than anyone else. Soldiers are based on

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your race... Is coach works with many Muslim job-seekers. She claims

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some officers have admitted to routinely rejecting applicants with

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Muslim horse or in sounding names. They have said to me the record that

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when organisations do contact them, they have said don't send as any

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foreign names. When I have questioned them, are you colluding

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with them in not sending them, the recruitment consultants have said,

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well, we need the business, and what is the point of sending them CDs and

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applications when the ad is going to be returned. Armies of applicants at

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a disadvantage? RACV is more likely to be rejected? To find out, we

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don't undertake a experiment. Every park about managerial jobs, it is

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really a CV or an application that starts the process. We have teamed

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up with one of the UK's most renowned social scientist to help

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with the experiments to ensure its accuracy. What we have done here is

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great to resonate that are more or less identical. But they give to

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different names. In one case here we have Abdul and in another Muhammad.

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So these two job-seekers averagely indistinguishable, though they have

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both have achieved degrees. They both worked as trainee managers and

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will each be submitting applications for vacancies in the highly

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competitive field of advertising sales. We will later find out how

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they are doing. I have lived here for five years. Like many with the

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women, this woman attends classes to help with her English. This is like

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this take place across the capital after Government research suggested

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poor language skills were to blame for high levels of unemployment. But

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even Muslims who speak impeccable English can struggle. Ahmed, who

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doesn't want to be identified, works as a building contractor and is

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speaking from experience about a disturbing incident with a potential

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employer. You is recruiting someone for a managerial position, it would

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involve travelling to China, Japan, it was my dream job. If you days

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later, and it received a text message from the man who had

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requested his CVs. My previous dislike of Islam has no hard and

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into real hate. That religion threatens our society, he said. I

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felt threatened. This person with so much hatred has got my address. He

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could do something to my family. Muslim men are 76% less likely to be

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employed than their white Christian counterparts. Growing numbers claim

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they are barred from the workforce due to prejudice. There is a

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perception of Muslim employees in considered to be disloyal,

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political, there appears to sometimes read as being

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fundamentalist. This woman is a barrister who represents Muslims

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taking legal action against employers. She believes that

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prejudice against Muslims in the job market has escalated dramatically

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over the last 15 years. Every time there is a terrorist incident, will

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see that there is a growth in this treatment of employees. There has

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been a spate of these cases since the terrorist attacks of 2005. Many

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Muslim applicants modify the names to improve their chances in the job

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market. Some Muslims have even been forced by their job markets to bats

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bosses to adopt English names. My employer looked at my name and said

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it wouldn't do, EZ introduce yourself as Terry Miles, some name

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like that. I was very unhappy to do so. Mio recovery Joseph instead. I

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kept saying no, that's not right. The athlete I had a middle name, but

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he couldn't pronounce it, so he just told me Chris. This man works for a

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farm is. It has taken him their to reach this senior role. I put my CV

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in and was disappointed that I got rejection letters, someone suggested

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that I put in an English name with my CV and see who they offer the job

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to? Cyprus in my real name and I also put one in which John Smith.

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John Smith got the interview. I got rejected for the interview. It is

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the man since our job-seekers apply for the same 100 vacancies, so how

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have they done? Allen Adam got 12 positive responses. -- full

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responses from headhunters. The other applicant only got to

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enquiries from headhunters. What we have identified is that the Muslim

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sounding person byes CV is only likely to get them an interview in

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one out of three cases where an Anglo-Saxon neighbours get a

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response, a positive response. Research is based on a small sample,

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but it does indicate a pattern of prejudice. Some organisations are

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trialling name blind CDs, which stopped recruitment office making

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unfair judgments. This unemployed chartered surveyor believes the

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effect is limited. I've seen many people who are less skilled than me

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but have risen up into more senior management positions much faster and

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quicker, because their face fits. An application from a candidate like

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myself at that early stage, sometimes they don't reveal the name

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of the person, but clearly when you want into an interview, it is quite

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apparent that you're not going to be John Smith. High levels of

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joblessness have had a devastating effect on Muslim communities across

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the capital. More than half of Muslim households live in poverty,

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higher than any other social group. Changing this will require equal

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access to employment. Caroline Wyatt reporting. Still to come,... My best

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customers and the authors. We want crayfish. ... -- authors. MPs have

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been thrashing out a bill to trigger Brexit, some sectors were a scene

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where the effects of being keenly felt. That is certainly case for the

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NHS, which is heavily dependent on the EU nurses, especially here in

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the capital. Our urgent calls for the Government to clarify the status

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of these workers to protect front line services. We made some

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fantastic people who are anxious, who come here because they want to

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do a really good job to a high standard. What they want is clarity,

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like we all do. To sell the NHS do you nurses is much harder than it

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was prior to Brexit. The NHS is already really gravely understaffed,

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see if you take away the universes, it will be mayhem. -- EU nurses.

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This man completed his medical training in Austria, he is now

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working as a senior staff nurse at great on the. He is a long-term

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ventilated patient, he had six surgeries already, he was really

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sick at the beginning will stop he is smiling all the time now and he

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is getting really good. I came here in December 2015 and I've been

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working here since then. I always wanted to gain international

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experience and prove my skills. For me, the NHS means always excellence

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and high standards. You're addressing has been changed, right?

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Last summer's vote in favour of Brexit means that the future status

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of nurses like him is uncertain. They may lose their jobs and be

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forced to leave the UK. The situation is unclear. We have a loss

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of nurses from abroad, Spain, Italy and Portugal, it is a big impact for

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the NHS if we had to leave. I do hope there will be a chance to stay

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here. Cuts to training budgets and a shortage of nurses mean that many

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hospitals rely heavily on EU nurses like this man. We haven't got enough

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nurses in the UK to fill our vacancies and we do need people who

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want to come and work and live in the UK, and when you look at the

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figures, which are high, it is 13% of the nurses in London have been

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recruited from Europe. That is 7000 individuals that are currently

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supporting our families and our people out with their care. That is

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a big impact if they were not to be hair. We're going to do ventilation

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here... I Le Pen a world in the European Union where there was no

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question about if I would be welcome in another state, I would just go

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because I can, it is my right. Is Italian nurse is in her final year

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of training at London's Southbank University. She may also be forced

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to leave the UK after Brexit. I was quite shocked by the Brexit vote. I

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never expected a result like this. I felt a bit betrayed because these

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are the people that we look after, so they can see the level of care we

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provide, they can see how we work. To think that they act the professor

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as not being hair, it was a bit of a shock. She believes that Brexit is

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going to throw up numerous obstacles for EU nurses wanted to work here. I

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think there is going to be first of all a psychological impact on nurses

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wanting to come here, and then there is the practicalities. Need a Visa?

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They might say you can't stay here unless you have a certain minimum

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income. What if they lose their job for whatever reason? Do they need to

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be deported? Currently, recruiting nurses from the EU is relatively

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straightforward. The European directive ensures that training

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standards are the same across all the member states. Post Brexit, this

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is likely to change. If we do have to treat those coming from Spain,

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Italy, France on the same footing as those coming from Canada and the

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etc, it is probably going to take longer. Funny companies who have

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been recruiting EU nurses for the NHS, the pipeline has already

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started to drive. We have seen approximately a 20% reduction of

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placements. To sell the NHS to the EU nurses is much harder than it was

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prior to Brexit. They are scared of giving up everything within their

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homes, moving across to the UK, and not feeling valued, feeling like it

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might not be a permanent opportunity. Last time I was in

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Spain, I was approached by a nurse who wondered if she would be welcome

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in England. Which is such a shame. New figures have revealed that while

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over 1300 nurses from the EU register to work in Britain last

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July, in December that figure had fallen to just over 100. Among the

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EU nurses already employed here, only those who have worked long

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enough to qualify for residency had been able to achieve a degree of job

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security. I applied for a permanent residents and I got the results in

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December, and from now until... And now I can nicely worked here and

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stay in the UK. So the doctors saw you today... This nurse completed

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her degree and portico a goal in 2009. Since then, she has worked for

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a London hospital trust, supervising stroke patients. That is why you're

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having problems with your right hand. The left side of the brain

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controls the right side. If I were staying in Portugal, I would be a

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clinical specialist seven years after I qualified. I think the NHS

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invests in their staff in a way that my country doesn't. We think your

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stroke is on the left side of the brain. There are many EU nurses

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working here who might not have the option of staying. Concerns about

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the potential damage Brexit could do to the nursing pipeline are being

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put to the Government by the Cavendish coalition. And an umbrella

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group of 33 different health organisations including NHS

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employers. What they are asking for is that they are granted indefinite

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leave to remain. So they they are clear they have a real commitment

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from this country to being part of our population and part of our

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social care and health provision beyond just leaving the European

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Union. We contacted the Department of Health told is that the Prime

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Minister has been clear... For London's 7000 EU nurses official

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assurances can come soon enough. I certainly want to see the Government

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clarifying their position on EU workers. They know perfectly the NHS

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cannot cope without ours. They have to do it build batter is about as

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the NHS will collapse. -- with outdoors. It's great that so many of

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our rivers and canals are a lot cleaner than they used to be, and

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wildlife is thriving. However, is one resident of what a waste that

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has been making itself unwelcome. We said Nigel Barden divide out more

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about the invasion of the American crayfish. -- find out. This could be

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the Mississippi Delta. It is only 12 miles from the City of London. Dust

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is the perfect time to set your crayfish trap. -- dusk. This

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fisherman is looking forward to a good catch. We use a bait of

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mackerel or anything fishy and oily and we just placed that out in the

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water, make sure the zip is closed, and we leave them in there for

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approximately 24 to 48 hours,. They can go out. On a good catch, that

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would be between 120 and 150 kilos. That is a lot of crayfish. Crayfish

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are very tasty and crayfish gumbo is a fantastic dish. Our waterways and

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London are chock-full of them. This isn't a great story about food on

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our doorstep, it is bad news, because these are invaders. They

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nearly killed off all our native species. But how did they get here

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in the first place? They were introduced for fishery business to

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export to stand on a via back in 1976. They were put into various

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quarries and fisheries around outside London and further, and they

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breed and they've got legs and they can get out the lakes, which they

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did. They sped around. Very soon after they were introduced, it was

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recognised that these American crayfish that they thought were

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immune to the crayfish plague carried it, and that will kill any

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non-American crayfish within two or three weeks. And kill them it did.

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Our waterways are now full of these invaders. They become a big

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environmental problem as local fishermen have witnessed. They can

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damage the environment, burrow into the banks, clear natural vegetation

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and water which fish and other water invertebrates rely on. Babel eat

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fish eggs. It stops further populations of fish coming through.

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Occasionally they can easily catch and eat small fish. Ayes he believes

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the answer is to trap and eat them. He started an organisation where he

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buys them from trappers and sells them on. I set it up as pest

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control, with the idea of trying to get rid of as many crayfish as

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possible. It seemed that not much was being done about it. I would do

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my various events, the DA crayfish and Boyle, a big party, but will get

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to over 100 kilos in an evening for one of those events. If you have

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those idea, Glastonbury Festival I get to quarter of a time. My best

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customers are the authors. They always want crayfish. -- authors.

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The crayfish that you give to them and London Zoo, where are they from?

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There is a lot of crayfish in the Berkshire area and Gloucestershire,

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and other places, I've got boots up in the Thames, there is quite a lots

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by the M25, but are not allowed to get near them.

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Trapping these pests seems to be a piece of cake. If we have so many of

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them, white and Bob trap them in the shires but is not allowed anywhere

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near them here? Many of the capital's waterways and managed by

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the canal and liver trust, and although they put the non-native

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crayfish and right near the top of their rogues gallery, they almost

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always refused to let people trap them commercially. The crayfish will

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eat younger ones as well. If you put down traps, even though they are

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quite intensive basis, you're more likely to get the older crayfish and

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it means that they won't be there to keep the numbers down on the younger

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ones, and the population can just explode. The other thing is the

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methods that are used to trap crayfish, these pots, they will

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catch other things as well and we had a number of incidents on our

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network over recent years where authors and birds have got caught in

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that. -- otters be found lots of illegal

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traps and this is one that we found just if you had regards from where

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we're standing now. What you can find its creatures, specifically

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otters, would be able to enter into the trap looking for the bait which

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is placed there to attract the crayfish, but once in there, the

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otters would find it difficult to get out and this is some measures

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under the water, and therefore they will drown. The canal and river

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trust are aware that most commercial trappers use safe and legal nets,

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and it really won both the crayfish and the illegal trappers out of our

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waterways. We have a close the door for ever on allowing mass trapping

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in London. A trial is going on on intensive trapping to try its

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effectiveness. It has been carried on, and if those results show that

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it can be done, we would look into working with it on the problem.

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We've got several reasons for not doing it. So far, we found very

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little else that actually does work, and severe got to find some way of

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tackling the invading -- invasive species. May be one way of helping

:25:07.:25:18.

the native crayfish would be to stop thinking of these American invaders

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as pests. Like the otters, think of them as a delicious meal. I heartily

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say, the look tasty and the otters seemed to agree. That is all for

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this weeked Inside Out. You can catch up on the eye player if you

:25:39.:25:47.

head to the website. If you got a story about unnamed discrimination

:25:48.:25:49.

you think we should know about, drop us a line. Batter python watching.

:25:50.:25:55.

See you again soon.

:25:56.:26:02.

Caroline Wyatt investigates whether having a Muslim name can damage a person's job prospects.

Matthew Wright finds out why European nurses are starting to turn their backs on Britain.

Nigel Barden discovers how American crayfish are invading UK waterways.