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Hello and welcome to The One Show.
With Matt Baker.
And Michelle Ackerley.
And a happy Chinese
New Year's Eve to you all.
Tomorrow marks the Year of the Dog.
As a strange coincidence,
both of our guests were born
in the Year of the Dog.
According to Chinese folklore,
that makes them "stubborn,
conservative and emotional".
Let's find out if that's true.
Please welcome Peter Egan
and Alison Steadman!
CHEERING AND APPLAUSE
Welcome, both. Stubborn,
I am not
Peter? I think I am
stubborn. Certainly emotional. And I
am also, because I am a wee brat and
a dog, I am quite diplomatic.
characteristics. And as actors come
you have to be emotional, it comes
with the territory.
Yes, you have to
bring a tear to the eye at the click
of a finger.
And you were telling us
about a recent stubborn scenario.
And rightly so, with the plastic at
the latest screening of a comedy
Yes, you find wherever you go
you get offered plastic cups to take
into the cinema and theatre and I am
so against it. I am afraid I have
got to the point where I just go,
no, I am not accepting that! I have
just had it really. Good for you!
The only reason you get offered
these cups is because they do not
want to pay anybody to wash glasses.
It is terrible. Even at our West End
theatres, they are giving out
plastic by The Times. The National
Theatre, even. It is terrible, it is
really bad. So I saying no!
going for it! Good for you! We have
a special on plastics next week you
should watch. I will send you a
First, we've all heard
about the controversy surrounding
stop and search over the years,
but what about so-called
'stop and scan'?
The Home Office has announced -
very quietly, critics say -
that it's rolling out new smartphone
technology which allows police
to scan people's fingerprints
on the streets.
A time and money saver for police,
or a dangerous new power?
Anita has been asking
for your thoughts.
Fingerprints. A unique
key to our identity. And now with
new technology, police can stop
suspected colonels and take their
fingerprints right here on the
streets. And all they need to do is
a smartphone and a scanner.
A trial by West Yorkshire Police has
seen front-line officers equipped
with the new scanners checking the
finger prints of suspects against
criminal and immigration databases.
Because we only take the
fingerprints of people suspected of
offences and whose identity we don't
know, by identifying them on the
street, we would be able to use
other disposals like a caution so we
don't have to bring them into
custody. The data we collect in
order to search the national
database is discarded as soon as the
search takes place.
West Yorkshire Police made 175 text
with this technology in just 12 days
this month and following the trial,
it is expected another 20 police
forces around the country would pick
up the system by the end of the
The police in Britain will be given
the right to be able to take
fingerprints on the street, what do
Good idea. There is just
not enough done towards crime.
think that is outrageous.
Intimidating. It might be to save
time, what about how we feel?
agree? I don't know, it might be
safer because there might be people
who are criminals.
It is tricky, it
really is. If they are going to
catch a lot of people, yes.
that very embarrassing. Not so sure,
actually. If they think you have
done something wrong and to save
time taking people to the station,
why not do it there and then?
have had this issue, especially with
young black men and Asian guys being
stopped randomly searched.
say this will save them time and in
doing that, save the taxpayer money.
You cannot put a price on people's
And people here in Bristol
are not alone because simple
liberties groups also have concerns
about this new technology and how it
might be used.
Giving your finger prints to the
police is a uniquely identifying bit
It is like giving of
your DNA. You need safeguards to
make sure the police only take that
information from people at times
when it is right and appropriate to
We will not be going and
stopping and scanning people, we
will only use this when we have an
offence and we doubt people's
identity, that is what the
legislation says and that is what we
will use it for!
I think if
everybody knows their rights, it
should not be a big issue. It is
about letting the public know their
You cannot refuse? You can
refuse, but if they insist... They
can take you to the station.
would arrest due to take you to the
Yes, just to prove you have
not done anything.
So just say, OK,
get it done and walk away.
response to the new technology in
Bristol today, although the one
thing most people have in common is
that they want more information.
It is leading to an interesting
Alison, the Home Office says this
isn't giving the police new powers,
it just brings the tech
onto the streets.
But what do you make of it?
I have got mixed feelings. Yes, on
the one hand, a great idea because
it enables the police to do their
jobs. Quickly and efficiently. On
the other hand, I do find the world
we live in now with cameras
everywhere, it is like... I was
talking to Peter earlier. I went to
a party in a hotel about year ago. I
went into the ladies toilet and
there were these cubicles and I
looked up and there was a camera in
there! Of loosely set up by the
hotel. And it was perhaps a place
where people must have been using,
taking drugs. There was definitely a
camera in the corner which was a bit
Peter, the officer said you
had to be a suspect.
that term may be. Do we all have to
volunteer our finger prints to begin
No, you have to be on the
database to begin with.
I see, you
have to have a criminal record to
begin with. I was hoping it was not
like our phones when you put it in,
but my phone never works anyway! I
don't know really. If it helps solve
crimes, it might be a good thing.
But it is another restriction on
privacy, but then if it works from a
database which already exists, I
can't see it is a huge problem.
are being watched, but if it helps
to solve crime, the argument is
will continue. National
47 years ago, two GPs began
using what little spare time
they had to support ambulance
workers when they were called out
to serious emergencies.
What started as just two
volunteers has now grown
into a major organisation,
which regularly helps to save lives.
On the morning of the 9th of August
2016, emergency services were called
to a serious collision on this road
in Cambridgeshire. Adam Sheila was
close to death.
I was travelling to
work on my motorbike. I then went
full body into the front of a
vehicle. I was swept underneath the
passenger side wheels and spat out
the side of the vehicle.
Adam, and emergency medical charity
which provides critical care was on
stand-by. The Air Ambulance or six
miles from the scene of the crash.
Daniel Reed was the critical care
paramedic on duty that way.
arrived, his lungs were collapsed,
he had 18 retractions and a large
Any artery bleeding is
bad news, this was one of the
biggest in the body.
A huge artery
bleeding a lot of fast.
thing I said to my paramedic was,
was I going to die?
unconscious and we gave him medicine
on the way to hospital which is not
available time you and services to
maintain his pressure to keep him
I was airlifted to the side
of the road and that saved my life.
Times of the essence with injuries
and this is where this helicopter
comes in, but they did not always
have a helicopter.
In 90s to one, Neville Silverstone
and his partner -- and his friend
heard of a service where people
attended road accidents to support
the Ambulance Service.
I was so
impressed, I contacted the GPs in
and around the counties of
Cambridgeshire and Huntingdon shire
to see if other GPs might be
interested. We had 300 GPs in the
area. And 100 volunteers.
Magpas like in nearly days?
started really with a blank sheet of
paper. We had no money and no
equipment. And the doctors were not
The doctors were also
responsible for raising funds for
the service. They even used their
own vehicles to attend incidents.
1987, the medical team took to the
skies. It began working with
Cambridge police. Using the police
helicopter alongside their own rapid
response vehicles. The charity
finally acquired its own Air
Ambulance in 2013.
After his accident, Adam was in a
coma for 13 days. He then spent a
difficult couple of months in
hospital before being released in
time for Christmas. Now, Adam is
able to walk again and he has come
to meet Neville and the medics who
saved his life.
It is great to see
you. Your little invention, it is
more than just saving my life, it
returned me to my family. It is
something I don't have words for!
it hadn't been for the work of you
guys on that day, I would have lost
my husband and these two would have
not had a father. Yes!
How do you
feel now about what Magpas has
achieved and your part in it?
planted and a great oak tree has
grown! -- I planted an acorn, and a
great oak tree has grown!
Thanks to Neville, who looks
like he's enjoying a very
Thank you to everybody looking after
Which is something that proves
rather elusive for the characters
in the latest BBC comedy
'Hold the Sunset'.
Alison's character is looking
forward to moving on and making
the most of later life.
But then she gets an unexpected
visitor, which puts
a spanner in the works.
Hello, mum! Roger! Hello, do Diack,
where are you going to?
I have come
home! I have left Wendy, that is it,
it is over. What? I have left her!
Left her, what about the children?
have especially loved them.
Something must have happened. Stuff,
and then some. We had kids and we
spent nearly 20 years together. That
cannot be it?! It is quite enough
That is a brilliant clip. That is
when your son, played by Jason
Watkins, unexpectedly returns home.
timing couldn't be worse?
No, there is a nice scene with my
character who is a widow and John
Cleese's his character lives
opposite and he lives opposite and
they form a lovely relationship and
he pops over and she makes him his
favourite biscuits every day and
they have coffee and they go out
together and they have lunch. And he
is like, he keeps saying, come on,
we can sell our houses and we can
move somewhere nice. She is a bit
reluctant and suddenly, she goes,
OK, I am going to do it! She rushes
out and gets champagne and a couple
of glasses and there is a ring on
the doorbell and he says, don't
answer it and she says, they will
see who it is and of course, it is
her son! That sort of at the
There is a wonderful
community feeling to this comedy,
Peter. Enlighten us as to where you
I am playing Mr Dugdale who
walks up and down the street with
his dog. One of the things that
first attracted me to the part!
is mad about dogs!
Am crazy about
Were is the dog from and where
do you form the bond?
It was brought
in by a dog carer, a labrador,
absolutely beautiful. We immediately
bonded. It was lovely. I am mad
about dogs, I have five rescue dogs
So you turned up with the
meat paste in the right places!
not meet. My dog is a vegan. So it
was that. Also, it is brilliantly
written, I will try that word again,
brilliantly written, with a great
cast. When you get a series that has
a wonderful marriage like you have
in this between, not literally, but
in terms of characters between
Alison and John, that is such a
wonderful chemistry to begin with.
And from my point of view, I was
thrilled about the idea of working
with somebody who has made me laugh
for 50 years or more, the legend
that is John Cleese.
fantastic. You have both got
grown-up children. If they're not on
your door and said, I am home, how
would you feel?
I would shut the
door in their face!
I love them to
bits but those days are over, I have
done all that! And Jason Watkins is
so brilliant. He just brings another
50% of his character. Very funny. He
just wants to go back to being a
child again with his Matchbox toys
and he just wants his little bed to
snuggle down in! It is just sort of
They are insane characters. They are
But it is
that thing, mum can criticise him,
but anybody else criticises him and
she has every excuse under the sun
for him. And we are all like that
describe this as a gentle programme.
It's not shocking or controversial
but it's comfortable and I guess you
feel there is a real thirst for
Well, I think so. We have
enough things on television with
explosions and murders and dark
places. Of course there is room for
that, but it's just nice for an
audience to be able to put the
television on and go, I'm safe with
this and I'm going to enjoy it and
laugh and find it warm and amusing.
It's pleasant, isn't it? There is a
place for that, watching something
that just makes you feel happy.
comfortable viewing as well. I think
there's a huge appetite for really
good writing that isn't sensational
but is full of really good acting
and good comedy. It isn't really
punching you in the face. It's
allowing you to live with the
characters, enjoy the characters and
have a lot of locks along the way.
I'm a great fan of this series.
wonderful. I was lucky enough to see
the first episode and I agree with
you, Peter. It's well worth
And in Hold The Sunset,
John Cleese wants to whisk Alison
away to a sunny beach as quickly as
Our George has beaten them to it.
He's on the Merseyside coast,
on the search for a small,
but speedy creature.
Usain Bolt, the fastest man ever to
have lived, clocked at running
almost 28 mph. But even he has got
nothing on a beetle that lives
amongst the sand dunes here on the
system posed in Merseyside. This
dune area is a site of special
scientific interest that covers more
than 11,000 acres and it's the
perfect habitat for the Northern
June tiger beetle. These high octane
insects are actually voracious
predators who use their incredible
turn of speed to hunt.
turn of speed to hunt. Doctor Phil
Smith has been studying these
beetles for over 45 years.
extremely rare. I mean, there are
only two localities in Britain, here
on the Sefton Coast and in Cumbria.
They are supposedly the quickest of
all the running insects.
them the ability to run so very
It's all a temperature
question. The tiger beetle basks on
the sand when it's very sunny then
it reaches its critical temperature,
which is between 35 and 36 degrees.
About the same as us. It's really
quite hot for an insect and as they
reach their critical temperature,
they are able to hunt.
As the sun
rises, the temperature of the sand
soon becomes warm enough for them to
come out of their burrows and start
to hunt. The ideal time to track
down one of these speedy predators.
But getting close is harder than it
looks. You can see them now because
they've warmed up. But to get one to
stay still long enough, ah, there is
one. No, it's off again. They are so
quick. After the midday heat dies
down, these frenetic insects finally
give me a chance to get a proper
look at them.
Well, I'm now face with one of the
fastest hunting animals on earth.
The tiger beetle can sprint up to
five miles per hour, covering 120 of
its own body lengths per second.
Usain Bolt would have to run at 480
mph to match this feat. But tiger
beetles have a problem. When they
move very, very fast and their prey
is moving fast, their brains are
almost incapable of processing the
large amount of visual information
which is coming in, so every so
often they have to is stop and check
where the prey is and then move off
again. It's a very effective
technique and means that they kill
prey probably one time out of ten.
I'm hoping to catch one of these
high-speed predators in action.
This parasitic wasp stands no
chance. With a loss of more than 80%
of the sand throughout this coast
since 1945, this species has become
threatened. But the work of many
organisations maintaining these
genes and encouraging Lord -- new
gene formation should hopefully
protect these turbo-charged tiger
Quick as a flash,
George has turned up.
Alison was believed to that film
like nothing I've ever seen before.
I love it. I love beetles. I love
all kinds of creatures but I had
never even heard of this until now,
It's a beauty.
With records being broken
in Pyeongchang, you're here to tell
us that the Tiger Beetle's
had its own speed record beaten?
It still holds the fastest insect
record but there's a tiny mite which
goes at 300 times its own size in a
second which is about the equivalent
to somebody my size going at 1000
mph, which obviously wouldn't
happen. Large animals can't run that
fast. It only works when they're
small. That is on land. But you
don't have to be fast on your feet.
That thing is the shrimp which has
two massive clubs at the front which
it fires into shelves and smashes
them open and it can strike in
3000th of a second and that Shell
has no chance. It is totalled.
you always been fascinated by
Yes, since I was a kid. The
only insect I've ever been scared
off, I was once in the bath as a
child and I had a liver, not a bake
sponge, are properly far, and an
earwig floated out and I was only
about five and I can remember, they
are pretty scary looking creatures.
I remember leaping out of the bath
and calling my mum. That's the only
time I can remember being scared.
Apart from that, I would just
love... I used to spend most of my
time at the garden just turning up
stones and rummaging around as a
I used to love it. It's just
understanding them all, isn't it,
because they are fascinating
You will adore this and
if you think you were out of the
bath fast, this is an ant whose
Georges move faster than -- whose
jaws move faster than anything on
earth. It catches prey with its fast
jaws but it can also buy them on the
ground and escape enemies. Watch
this. It's incredible. It keeps out
of the way.
It is still going. Look
at their skills Arr!
Look at the
That is a gold medal,
that, isn't it?
You are right,
It holds them open and the
second a hair is touched, it springs
open like that.
I'm a bit like that.
You were saying to me
earlier, George, that you have
I have. I didn't
know she was so keen on bugs. I have
hatched a plan to take Alison off to
the jungle and look at bugs for at
least a couple of weeks.
do you feel about that?
A couple of
That is further out
of reach than I thought. I thought
you were going to say Merseyside.
From amazing natural designs,
to striking man-made structures now.
Marty is in Dundee, at one
of the UK's longest bridges,
investigating its dramatic past.
This is the Tay Rail Bridge. It's
over two miles long and carries
trains from Edinburgh in the South
over the river to here in Dundee.
But it's not the first Tay Bridge.
The original collapsed in a terrible
storm in 1879, plunging a train and
all its passengers into the river
and their deaths. It was Britain's
worst rail disaster. It's now
thought 59 died and today, the peers
of the fallen bridge still rise
above the water. Everyone wanted to
know why this had happened and it
became the first disaster to be
scientifically investigated. This
needed a machine big and strong
enough to test the giant iron
girders that held up the bridge.
Such a machine existed in Southwark
in London and it still works, 150
years later. Run today by volunteer
engineers, Lucy and roles. Wow, this
is a beautiful piece of kit but more
importantly than that, which is the
She starts over there,
comes all the way to here, about 47
feet. So the whole of this is the
Fantastic. What made this
So, it was the first
It could stretch,
compress, bend and bulge iron and
steel. I have here a piece of
genuine Victorian wrought iron, just
like they would have used on the Tay
Bridge. Can we tested to
destruction? Can we break it?
Yes, we can.
In its day,
this machine could test girders so
big they step out of the door and
stopped traffic. So it had to
generate huge force.
worth of load could go on a sample
which is about 146 times.
powered by water pumped into a huge
cylinder attached to one end of my
iron bar. So, I think we are ready
to go. Ros keeps an eye on the water
pressure. Lucy whines a heavyweight
along the beam. When the bar breaks,
we will know the load this piece of
iron can stand. The universal
testing machine was built by
Scottish engineer David Kirkaldy.
His obituary called him the best
hated man in London. I think he
really didn't trust other people's
results. He knew he was right.
didn't bend on that. The Tay Bridge
had tall supports and those supports
were made up of six vertical
cast-iron columns and where the
pasta is, they had iron cross
braces. Where the cross braces met
the columns, the iron failed and
that meant that in the high winds
blowing, the vertical supports
snapped and the whole thing tumbled
into the Tay. After the disaster,
some of the pieces were brought here
for testing. Tension is literally
melting. -- is literally mountain.
As mine extends, scale falls from
the surface, a sign that the end is
nigh. That was great. What did that
We can tell from the scale
that the load was about £30,000 at
breaking point, about 15 tonnes.
Kirkaldy's tests found that the
cross braces supporting the Tay
Bridge were not strong enough. The
enquiry found numerous design and
manufacturing faults. Blame fell on
the bridge designer, Sir Thomas
Bouchier, who was disgraced. Thanks
to David Kirkaldy, these days the
materials and designs for bridges
are tested before they are built.
Thank you, Marty. Now, we
accidentally touched on it earlier
but you are a "Peter? How
complicated is life in general?
incredibly simple. It's creative and
very easy. I find it the best diet I
can think of. It's definitely the
healthiest diet on the planet. I am
happy vegetable curry tonight.
think will be round for that. Very
That's your lot for tonight -
thank you to Alison and Peter.
Hold The Sunset starts Sunday
evening, 7.30pm, BBC One.
I'll be back tomorrow
with Greg James.
We'll be joined by Miles Jupp
and we'll have a performance
from Jessie Ware.