29/05/2012 The One Show


29/05/2012

Matt and Alex are joined by comedian and broadcaster Griff Rhys Jones and Dr Mark Porter reveals a revolutionary way of helping migraine sufferers.


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Transcript


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Hello and welcome to The One Show with Alex Jones. And Matt Baker.

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Joining us tonight, a man who was studious, even in his youth. This

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is genuine old failing. Do you know who he is? These days we know him

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as a brilliant comedian, actor, broadcaster, writer, and explorer.

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And in the first of his new series, he traces the path of the original

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Royal tour by Queen Elizabeth I in regal style. Tonight is no

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exception. In fact it has gone to his head a bit. Please welcome

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:00:59.:01:03.

Griff Rhys-Jones. And four are very strong boys from the office. In you

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come! Very nice to see you. Take that. Thank you very much. How are

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you? Good to see you. That was brilliant. You did not see him

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coming round the corner and going, and might in this? It was a total

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surprise. That is the actual one we use in the programme. It is

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extremely heavy, even before the human gets in. Queen Elizabeth had

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special ones made. They cost more than the coach. She had it

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decorated in black leather and red velvet. How swish! With black

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leather cushions. It is a great way to get through the mad. She needed

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this simply because most of the places she went, there were no

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roads. They set across through the field and the hedges, it would let

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the men in front get the scratches and the trouble. More on that later

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on. Queen Elizabeth II, a big weekend coming up. You're going to

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be on the River Thames! Are you going to be there? I am going to be

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in the studio holding it altogether. You are going to be throwing at me.

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We are going to be in the little boat. We are going to be in a

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little boat, in the middle of the flotilla, not knowing what is going

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on. My experience in a group of boats is that the first vote is

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about six miles ahead. You have no idea what is going on. We know you

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are passionate about restoring Britain's neglected buildings.

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We're going to restore something of a huge national importance

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throughout the show tonight. Isn't that right? Absolutely! I think

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Griff Rhys-Jones will write tonight project -- project. It is loved and

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treasured. More listing Unlisted, it is a Portakabin! What do you

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make of that? It is a proper vernacular building of importance.

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A friend pronounced it in a weird way until we pointed out it was a

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portable cabin. It is a very important part of Britain's

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buildings. The well tried to renovate his Portakabin stroke

:04:05.:04:15.
:04:15.:04:15.

youth club. -- we will try. Portakabin/youth club. The painting

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is chipping off. There is no disabled access. The rift is tacked

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on. Look at the ceiling! It has just collapsed. It is in a pretty

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bad state. Help is at hands. -- hand. We have some professional

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builders and some volunteers. Come on, guys! Take up your positions.

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We have just 20 minutes. Join us in a while. Youth clubs are one way of

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helping kids stay on the straight and narrow. A school in Dunfermline

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has come up with a different way. This school been done famine in

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Scotland is taking a novel approach to working with students who may

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previously have been suspended. -- Dunfermline. This unit is run in

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conjunction with an outside organisation. You have all got to

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think, what is the most serious offence? Pupils in the unit are

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continuing with class work, so they are not becoming disengaged with

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the work they would be doing and they are looking at why they are

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there - they are looking at their behaviours. We have to find a way

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of reaching them. I am joining them on an experience guaranteed to

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engage them. Today we are going on a different school trip. We're

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going to visit a maximum security prison and will be speaking to some

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of the inmates. How are you feeling - nervous? I am feeling nervous.

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These pupils have all been in trouble before with things like

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truancy and antisocial behaviour. was in trouble for being around

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people who made a fire and it went out of hand. I was climbing school

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for two months. Our I had a massive fall-out with the teacher and threw

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something at her. Why do you think you're going there today? If we

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keep on going like we used to be, that is probably where we would end

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up. Built over 200 years ago, Perth is Scotland's oldest occupied

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prison. It has a short and long- term prisoners, including those on

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life-sentence is. -- houses. A visit to the prisoner is all part

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of their education and the hope is it is a lesson they will not forget.

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The atmosphere has started to change. Everyone is huddling closer

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together. The barbed wire and high fences, it is really intimidating.

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Some people come in on Tariffs of 20 to 30 years and they're still

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here 20 years later. Today's visit is the stark reminder of what

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happens if you break the law. This is a segregation unit. We have been

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told to keep the noise down. Prisoners who do not stick to the

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rules and are considered a serious risk to staff and other inmates are

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housed here. There is a zero tolerance of violence. This is one

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of the solitary confinement cells. Already, Clary is feeling a little

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uneasy. I am scared of this room. I could not do it. This is the

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highlight of their day, coming here for an hour. There is a shower. It

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is locked up for 23 hours a day. The shouting and atmosphere within

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the unit has all got a bit much. had tears in my eyes. I got so

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scared. The thought of being in there and them banging, I needed

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out. I could not go in there. I hated it. Is this worse than you

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thought it would be? Definitely. are given a chance to speak to a

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couple of inmates. How is it like living in prison? It is not a nice

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place to be. If I could go home tomorrow, I would. It is soul-

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destroying. It is not so bad during the day when you have your mates

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around you but at night to in the sun yourself and you start thinking.

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It is not easy. We would say, whatever you're doing, stop it. It

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is just a matter of time, you will come here. You do not want to live

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this. I all the kids have been deeply affected by the visit, Clary

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is motivated to turn her back on the past. It makes me feel I need

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to stop. I'm not going to prison. Do you think you can stop? Yes.

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Will this help you stop? Yes. The Chief Inspector of Scottish prisons

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has praised the work of the inclusion Unit at Dunfermline High

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School and says he would like to see more like it. With two more

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schools adopting the model, perhaps he will. A very interesting scheme.

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What do you make of it? It is fascinating. It was obviously

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having an effect. You are conscious that it is always going to be a

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time-consuming and one to-one job to take people under your wing and

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do something about them. That is one of the areas... There is a

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sense that when you go into any area like that, that is closed down

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and can be closed down, where you can lose your liberty, it is more

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shocking than you think. We all think we might be able to survive.

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We went in primary school. Not quite the same as that but it did

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have an effect on you. You had a sense of what it would be like took

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-- to be cooped up. Britain's Lost Routes is your new series. There

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are four programmes in all, are there? We have chosen quite

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carefully. There is and medieval route and an early modern one with

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Queen Elizabeth. They may look at the 18th century and come as far as

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the 1900s. What interested me is the sense that, when people

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travelled around Britain, it was that much more... Before the

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railways really. If you set off in Britain it was an extraordinary

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journey. There were no roads. This is what is so difficult for us to

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understand. If you look at the map of turnpike roads at the beginning

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of the 19th century, you are astounded to find they do not join

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up with each other. There is a road between Bristol and up a bit Norse

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and it just stops. People set off and they crossed fields and things.

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And yet they went. People had to make these journeys. We looked at a

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lot of different ways they did and there where they survived a what

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they learnt about the landscape and what it taught us about the way we

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made our own roads. You mentioned Queen Elizabeth. On the first when

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you go on a progress and recreate the Queen's Court. You have the

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tailback of about a mile of cars behind you. It looks amazing.

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bought everything decree needed - the entire kitchen, all the court

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documents. -- brought everything the Queen needed. This is well done

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my people! At over a mile long, it must have been an astonishing sight,

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snaking through the Elizabethan countryside at an average speed of

:12:45.:12:54.
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three miles an hour. Brilliant! needed a way of showing that. We do

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not have enough bullock carts to put it together so we had to do it

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with volunteers. It was very pioneering of Queen Elizabeth to go

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out there and meet the people. lot of monarchs at that time spent

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time on the road but she loved it. That was the funny thing about her.

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She invented the walkabout. The Venetian ambassador said, she

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always went where the crowd was thickest. Who does that remind you

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of? She loved the acclaim of the people and she used it to support

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her position. What we discovered was, as so many things we will be

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involved in this year, derive from things Queen Elizabeth or the Tudor

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court invented. The Lord-Lieutenant is there. That was a Tudor

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invention. The coach the Queen goes around in, we did not have coaches

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before Queen Elizabeth. The walkabout, going around the town

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and meeting people, ringing bells. Even the idea of the Jubilee, the

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Ascension, the year in which the Queen rose to the throne being a

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holiday and something you celebrated. That was Elizabeth I.

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The pilot for the Olympic Torch as well. Today it was on top of

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Snowdon. Shining brightly with Chris Bonington. That was a heck of

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Do they run up there? It occurs rule little stroll.

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The first episode of Britian's Lost Routes is on Thursday at 8pm on BBC

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One. A splitting headache can be bad enough, especially in this

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weather, if you have been suffering. The onset of a chronic my grain can

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take paying to another level. Emily will be speaking to us short make

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about an incredible potential new cure, but firstly Dr Mark Porter

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has been finding out if the answer could be both talks. Emily

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Leppenwell spends half her life in intense pain. In is like someone is

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running a circular saw through your head and a searing pain going

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through to the core. Hunt will last year, Emily worked full-time as

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well as enjoying a busy family life. Then the first of many my --

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migraine tos struck. The World Health Organisation ranks a

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migraine as a disability. This is my paying diary. The pink days are

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moderate, the red days are extremely severe, it is a searing

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pain, it is constant and it wears me down. Has you are watching this,

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around 200,000 people across the UK are having a migraine attack. They

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are mostly likely caused by a blip in the brain's chemistry, sending

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mussels into spasm and the crippling headache is only part of

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it. They have a lot of other symptoms, including nausea,

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vomiting, a heightened sense of smell, and Norway's is upsetting

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them, or even bright light being uncomfortable. Emily's attacks are

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random, but for other sufferers there are triggers. We know about

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food - cheese, chocolate and red wine. There are other triggers as

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well, including stress, not enough sleep, and for women the menstrual

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cycle. Emily survives on a daily cocktail of drugs, most of them are

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preventative, prescribed to keep her headaches at bay. I was advised

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to stop taking painkillers because taking them on a regular basis can

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:17:42.:17:42.

cause a rebound headache. Even over the counter tablets can sensitise

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the brain. There is evidence that it increases chances of having more

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headaches. Sir far, nothing has worked for Emily. Today, the doctor

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is going to try the latest migraine treatment, a drug better known for

:18:03.:18:13.
:18:13.:18:13.

smoothing out facial wrinkles. Botox. She will have injections

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around her head, neck and shoulders. This is a poisonous muscle relaxant,

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once considered for use in chemical warfare. It was migraine sufferers

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having it injected cosmetically who first spotted the pain relief

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potential. By relaxing the muscle, you reduce the number of attacks,

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but we do know it doesn't work for people with tension headaches. We

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don't really know exactly what it does, but we do know that the

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chemical which is picked up by the nerve endings and then taken up

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into the brain itself. So what is not an effect on the muscles, it is

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something going on inside the brain. Precisely. The treatment has only

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recently been recommended for use in England and Wales. Around half

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the people given an injection will experience half the number of

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headache days. That will be the last injection.

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The prospect of not being in pain every other day has given Emily new

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hope. I need to get my life back on track. I need to be deficient and

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able to function every day, not just 15 days a month. Hopefully

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getting better has given me the inspiration to follow my dream.

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Emily and Mark are here now and the big question is has it work? Yes,

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it has been a great success. many headaches are you getting?

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first I was getting the same frequency of headaches, but in the

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last 10 days either only had three and normally I would have had seven

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or 8. That must have made a huge difference. The us, I have loads of

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energy. There must be a period before it takes effect. As they

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said, they are not sure exactly how it works but it takes three weeks

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to work and often carries on so the outlook will be even brighter,

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although Whitney's to repeated every three months. A any side-

:20:33.:20:43.
:20:43.:20:44.

effects? I have lost my frown! Raise your eyebrows. Nothing like

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what she could do before. Next time you go back, asked to go a bit

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lower. This is a only reserved for the severe cases. How easy is it to

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get it? At the moment, very difficult, and it will be a last

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resort to people who have tried everything else and it has not

:21:09.:21:15.

worked. Don't expect to go and say you will get your migraine cleared

:21:15.:21:21.

up and clear your wrinkles at the same time. The way it works is it

:21:21.:21:24.

paralyses sweat glands, but we don't really know how what is

:21:24.:21:29.

working. Probably something to do with brain chemistry. You must be

:21:29.:21:33.

delighted. It must have been awful for you to have headaches that

:21:33.:21:39.

often. A only now it has gone I've realised how much it was affecting

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me really. I have so much energy. We the extra spare time, what will

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you do? I am hoping to study medicine. Thank you.

:21:52.:21:59.

Here is a cheeky person who gives most adults a headache. Just

:21:59.:22:09.
:22:09.:22:10.

William. Here is the background of the author. In this house in

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Bromley was born a young rebel who drove the girls wild. This

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schoolboy tearaway was known as Just William, and the writer behind

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:22:32.:22:33.

him who lived here, a middle-aged spinster, Richmal Crompton. Britain

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first heard about William in 1922. Since then, nearly 40 titles rarely

:22:41.:22:46.

out of print have filled children's heads with the antics of a school

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boy who loved the great outdoors. William and his gang had adventures

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out in the wide world far away from home, be it the once or the duck

:23:00.:23:08.

pond. The great outdoors around Bromley may well have been his

:23:08.:23:15.

patch. Whilst William was roaming the wilds of suburbia, his creator

:23:15.:23:24.

was often incarcerated in doors. Her parents held a common fear in

:23:24.:23:29.

Victorian times that delicate looking children could develop the

:23:29.:23:35.

curvature of the spine. As she later told a family friend, Mary.

:23:35.:23:41.

They made her spend several hours of every day lying on an awful

:23:41.:23:48.

contraption called aback board. around your arms and legs so you

:23:48.:23:54.

couldn't move. I think she lay there making up stories. It was as

:23:54.:23:58.

if she projected into her stories the child she would love to have

:23:58.:24:08.
:24:08.:24:10.

But her first love was teaching. After university she became

:24:10.:24:17.

classics mistress at Bromley High in 1917. In her spare time, she

:24:17.:24:21.

indulged in writing and her first William stories appeared in

:24:21.:24:25.

magazines. When they made it onto the bookshelf, her head teacher

:24:25.:24:34.

gave her an ultimatum - her writing or her teaching. Polio was rife, a

:24:34.:24:38.

flu-like virus that attacks the central nervous system, and in 1923

:24:38.:24:46.

she became one of the cases that year. She was once more trapped at

:24:46.:24:54.

home, and eventually lost the use of her right leg. Her doctor said

:24:54.:24:58.

the cycling as she did three-and a- half miles to school every day to

:24:58.:25:03.

teach was too much for her, and he urged her to give up teaching and

:25:03.:25:07.

stick to writing, which was beginning to go very well for her,

:25:07.:25:15.

which she did. I would say teaching's loss was literature's

:25:15.:25:19.

gain. Richmal Crompton gained handsomely with her best sellers.

:25:19.:25:25.

She earned enough to build this grand home over the next four years,

:25:25.:25:29.

on Bromley Common. The name William had become synonymous with

:25:30.:25:35.

rebellious boyhood. First inspired by her naughty brother Jack... In

:25:35.:25:43.

later years her mischievous nephew Tom gave her plot lines. The my

:25:44.:25:52.

grand mother tells me when he was young he would bring in stag

:25:52.:26:01.

beetles, and she would find them in her laundry. These notorious tales

:26:01.:26:10.

were told right up to her death in 1979. Stage, screen, radio and TV

:26:10.:26:15.

adaptations fell for stories with more than schoolboy humour to them.

:26:15.:26:21.

How do you do? I have come to see you before you die. It is to her

:26:21.:26:26.

eternal credit that the name of her hero is better known than hers, but

:26:26.:26:32.

for all she has taught us about what makes boys tick, she deserves

:26:32.:26:38.

credit of her own. A What a beautiful house. At the

:26:38.:26:43.

start of the show, we set ourselves a challenge of doing the community

:26:43.:26:48.

restoration live. How far do you think they have got with this

:26:48.:26:56.

Portakabin? I hope they have finished it, a Paul -- Portakabin

:26:56.:27:02.

is not a difficult thing to deal with. Let's go over to Marlow in

:27:02.:27:09.

Buckinghamshire. Have you finished? It might be a surprise. Let me give

:27:09.:27:14.

you a quick recap in pictures, because earlier it was quite the

:27:14.:27:20.

state. The paint was peeling, there was no disabled access, and inside

:27:20.:27:26.

the ceiling had collapsed. Now I am joined by Ness, the youth group

:27:26.:27:34.

leader. How important is this place to you? It's is essential. We will

:27:34.:27:42.

be able to welcome new members. Time to lift up the blind fold.

:27:42.:27:49.

my goodness! That is fabulous. Let's have a look at a few things.

:27:49.:27:57.

We have a welcome mat of course, a lovely drinks area, and the paper

:27:57.:28:03.

on there, flowers. Mind your step, this is all wet. Inside, what do

:28:03.:28:09.

you make of that? If it is just wonderful. So you are going to use

:28:09.:28:16.

this now? Yes, we will! I have got to hand out some congratulations,

:28:16.:28:21.

firstly to the builders who have given their time and labour free

:28:21.:28:27.

all day, and to the volunteers. New standards in 20 minute restoration.

:28:27.:28:37.
:28:37.:28:43.

Matt and Alex are joined by comedian and broadcaster Griff Rhys Jones and Dr Mark Porter reveals a revolutionary way of helping migraine sufferers.


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