29/05/2012 The One Show


Matt and Alex are joined by comedian and broadcaster Griff Rhys Jones and Dr Mark Porter reveals a revolutionary way of helping migraine sufferers.

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Hello and welcome to The One Show with Alex Jones. And Matt Baker.


Joining us tonight, a man who was studious, even in his youth. This


is genuine old failing. Do you know who he is? These days we know him


as a brilliant comedian, actor, broadcaster, writer, and explorer.


And in the first of his new series, he traces the path of the original


Royal tour by Queen Elizabeth I in regal style. Tonight is no


exception. In fact it has gone to his head a bit. Please welcome


Griff Rhys-Jones. And four are very strong boys from the office. In you


come! Very nice to see you. Take that. Thank you very much. How are


you? Good to see you. That was brilliant. You did not see him


coming round the corner and going, and might in this? It was a total


surprise. That is the actual one we use in the programme. It is


extremely heavy, even before the human gets in. Queen Elizabeth had


special ones made. They cost more than the coach. She had it


decorated in black leather and red velvet. How swish! With black


leather cushions. It is a great way to get through the mad. She needed


this simply because most of the places she went, there were no


roads. They set across through the field and the hedges, it would let


the men in front get the scratches and the trouble. More on that later


on. Queen Elizabeth II, a big weekend coming up. You're going to


be on the River Thames! Are you going to be there? I am going to be


in the studio holding it altogether. You are going to be throwing at me.


We are going to be in the little boat. We are going to be in a


little boat, in the middle of the flotilla, not knowing what is going


on. My experience in a group of boats is that the first vote is


about six miles ahead. You have no idea what is going on. We know you


are passionate about restoring Britain's neglected buildings.


We're going to restore something of a huge national importance


throughout the show tonight. Isn't that right? Absolutely! I think


Griff Rhys-Jones will write tonight project -- project. It is loved and


treasured. More listing Unlisted, it is a Portakabin! What do you


make of that? It is a proper vernacular building of importance.


A friend pronounced it in a weird way until we pointed out it was a


portable cabin. It is a very important part of Britain's


buildings. The well tried to renovate his Portakabin stroke


youth club. -- we will try. Portakabin/youth club. The painting


is chipping off. There is no disabled access. The rift is tacked


on. Look at the ceiling! It has just collapsed. It is in a pretty


bad state. Help is at hands. -- hand. We have some professional


builders and some volunteers. Come on, guys! Take up your positions.


We have just 20 minutes. Join us in a while. Youth clubs are one way of


helping kids stay on the straight and narrow. A school in Dunfermline


has come up with a different way. This school been done famine in


Scotland is taking a novel approach to working with students who may


previously have been suspended. -- Dunfermline. This unit is run in


conjunction with an outside organisation. You have all got to


think, what is the most serious offence? Pupils in the unit are


continuing with class work, so they are not becoming disengaged with


the work they would be doing and they are looking at why they are


there - they are looking at their behaviours. We have to find a way


of reaching them. I am joining them on an experience guaranteed to


engage them. Today we are going on a different school trip. We're


going to visit a maximum security prison and will be speaking to some


of the inmates. How are you feeling - nervous? I am feeling nervous.


These pupils have all been in trouble before with things like


truancy and antisocial behaviour. was in trouble for being around


people who made a fire and it went out of hand. I was climbing school


for two months. Our I had a massive fall-out with the teacher and threw


something at her. Why do you think you're going there today? If we


keep on going like we used to be, that is probably where we would end


up. Built over 200 years ago, Perth is Scotland's oldest occupied


prison. It has a short and long- term prisoners, including those on


life-sentence is. -- houses. A visit to the prisoner is all part


of their education and the hope is it is a lesson they will not forget.


The atmosphere has started to change. Everyone is huddling closer


together. The barbed wire and high fences, it is really intimidating.


Some people come in on Tariffs of 20 to 30 years and they're still


here 20 years later. Today's visit is the stark reminder of what


happens if you break the law. This is a segregation unit. We have been


told to keep the noise down. Prisoners who do not stick to the


rules and are considered a serious risk to staff and other inmates are


housed here. There is a zero tolerance of violence. This is one


of the solitary confinement cells. Already, Clary is feeling a little


uneasy. I am scared of this room. I could not do it. This is the


highlight of their day, coming here for an hour. There is a shower. It


is locked up for 23 hours a day. The shouting and atmosphere within


the unit has all got a bit much. had tears in my eyes. I got so


scared. The thought of being in there and them banging, I needed


out. I could not go in there. I hated it. Is this worse than you


thought it would be? Definitely. are given a chance to speak to a


couple of inmates. How is it like living in prison? It is not a nice


place to be. If I could go home tomorrow, I would. It is soul-


destroying. It is not so bad during the day when you have your mates


around you but at night to in the sun yourself and you start thinking.


It is not easy. We would say, whatever you're doing, stop it. It


is just a matter of time, you will come here. You do not want to live


this. I all the kids have been deeply affected by the visit, Clary


is motivated to turn her back on the past. It makes me feel I need


to stop. I'm not going to prison. Do you think you can stop? Yes.


Will this help you stop? Yes. The Chief Inspector of Scottish prisons


has praised the work of the inclusion Unit at Dunfermline High


School and says he would like to see more like it. With two more


schools adopting the model, perhaps he will. A very interesting scheme.


What do you make of it? It is fascinating. It was obviously


having an effect. You are conscious that it is always going to be a


time-consuming and one to-one job to take people under your wing and


do something about them. That is one of the areas... There is a


sense that when you go into any area like that, that is closed down


and can be closed down, where you can lose your liberty, it is more


shocking than you think. We all think we might be able to survive.


We went in primary school. Not quite the same as that but it did


have an effect on you. You had a sense of what it would be like took


-- to be cooped up. Britain's Lost Routes is your new series. There


are four programmes in all, are there? We have chosen quite


carefully. There is and medieval route and an early modern one with


Queen Elizabeth. They may look at the 18th century and come as far as


the 1900s. What interested me is the sense that, when people


travelled around Britain, it was that much more... Before the


railways really. If you set off in Britain it was an extraordinary


journey. There were no roads. This is what is so difficult for us to


understand. If you look at the map of turnpike roads at the beginning


of the 19th century, you are astounded to find they do not join


up with each other. There is a road between Bristol and up a bit Norse


and it just stops. People set off and they crossed fields and things.


And yet they went. People had to make these journeys. We looked at a


lot of different ways they did and there where they survived a what


they learnt about the landscape and what it taught us about the way we


made our own roads. You mentioned Queen Elizabeth. On the first when


you go on a progress and recreate the Queen's Court. You have the


tailback of about a mile of cars behind you. It looks amazing.


bought everything decree needed - the entire kitchen, all the court


documents. -- brought everything the Queen needed. This is well done


my people! At over a mile long, it must have been an astonishing sight,


snaking through the Elizabethan countryside at an average speed of


three miles an hour. Brilliant! needed a way of showing that. We do


not have enough bullock carts to put it together so we had to do it


with volunteers. It was very pioneering of Queen Elizabeth to go


out there and meet the people. lot of monarchs at that time spent


time on the road but she loved it. That was the funny thing about her.


She invented the walkabout. The Venetian ambassador said, she


always went where the crowd was thickest. Who does that remind you


of? She loved the acclaim of the people and she used it to support


her position. What we discovered was, as so many things we will be


involved in this year, derive from things Queen Elizabeth or the Tudor


court invented. The Lord-Lieutenant is there. That was a Tudor


invention. The coach the Queen goes around in, we did not have coaches


before Queen Elizabeth. The walkabout, going around the town


and meeting people, ringing bells. Even the idea of the Jubilee, the


Ascension, the year in which the Queen rose to the throne being a


holiday and something you celebrated. That was Elizabeth I.


The pilot for the Olympic Torch as well. Today it was on top of


Snowdon. Shining brightly with Chris Bonington. That was a heck of


Do they run up there? It occurs rule little stroll.


The first episode of Britian's Lost Routes is on Thursday at 8pm on BBC


One. A splitting headache can be bad enough, especially in this


weather, if you have been suffering. The onset of a chronic my grain can


take paying to another level. Emily will be speaking to us short make


about an incredible potential new cure, but firstly Dr Mark Porter


has been finding out if the answer could be both talks. Emily


Leppenwell spends half her life in intense pain. In is like someone is


running a circular saw through your head and a searing pain going


through to the core. Hunt will last year, Emily worked full-time as


well as enjoying a busy family life. Then the first of many my --


migraine tos struck. The World Health Organisation ranks a


migraine as a disability. This is my paying diary. The pink days are


moderate, the red days are extremely severe, it is a searing


pain, it is constant and it wears me down. Has you are watching this,


around 200,000 people across the UK are having a migraine attack. They


are mostly likely caused by a blip in the brain's chemistry, sending


mussels into spasm and the crippling headache is only part of


it. They have a lot of other symptoms, including nausea,


vomiting, a heightened sense of smell, and Norway's is upsetting


them, or even bright light being uncomfortable. Emily's attacks are


random, but for other sufferers there are triggers. We know about


food - cheese, chocolate and red wine. There are other triggers as


well, including stress, not enough sleep, and for women the menstrual


cycle. Emily survives on a daily cocktail of drugs, most of them are


preventative, prescribed to keep her headaches at bay. I was advised


to stop taking painkillers because taking them on a regular basis can


cause a rebound headache. Even over the counter tablets can sensitise


the brain. There is evidence that it increases chances of having more


headaches. Sir far, nothing has worked for Emily. Today, the doctor


is going to try the latest migraine treatment, a drug better known for


smoothing out facial wrinkles. Botox. She will have injections


around her head, neck and shoulders. This is a poisonous muscle relaxant,


once considered for use in chemical warfare. It was migraine sufferers


having it injected cosmetically who first spotted the pain relief


potential. By relaxing the muscle, you reduce the number of attacks,


but we do know it doesn't work for people with tension headaches. We


don't really know exactly what it does, but we do know that the


chemical which is picked up by the nerve endings and then taken up


into the brain itself. So what is not an effect on the muscles, it is


something going on inside the brain. Precisely. The treatment has only


recently been recommended for use in England and Wales. Around half


the people given an injection will experience half the number of


headache days. That will be the last injection.


The prospect of not being in pain every other day has given Emily new


hope. I need to get my life back on track. I need to be deficient and


able to function every day, not just 15 days a month. Hopefully


getting better has given me the inspiration to follow my dream.


Emily and Mark are here now and the big question is has it work? Yes,


it has been a great success. many headaches are you getting?


first I was getting the same frequency of headaches, but in the


last 10 days either only had three and normally I would have had seven


or 8. That must have made a huge difference. The us, I have loads of


energy. There must be a period before it takes effect. As they


said, they are not sure exactly how it works but it takes three weeks


to work and often carries on so the outlook will be even brighter,


although Whitney's to repeated every three months. A any side-


effects? I have lost my frown! Raise your eyebrows. Nothing like


what she could do before. Next time you go back, asked to go a bit


lower. This is a only reserved for the severe cases. How easy is it to


get it? At the moment, very difficult, and it will be a last


resort to people who have tried everything else and it has not


worked. Don't expect to go and say you will get your migraine cleared


up and clear your wrinkles at the same time. The way it works is it


paralyses sweat glands, but we don't really know how what is


working. Probably something to do with brain chemistry. You must be


delighted. It must have been awful for you to have headaches that


often. A only now it has gone I've realised how much it was affecting


me really. I have so much energy. We the extra spare time, what will


you do? I am hoping to study medicine. Thank you.


Here is a cheeky person who gives most adults a headache. Just


William. Here is the background of the author. In this house in


Bromley was born a young rebel who drove the girls wild. This


schoolboy tearaway was known as Just William, and the writer behind


him who lived here, a middle-aged spinster, Richmal Crompton. Britain


first heard about William in 1922. Since then, nearly 40 titles rarely


out of print have filled children's heads with the antics of a school


boy who loved the great outdoors. William and his gang had adventures


out in the wide world far away from home, be it the once or the duck


pond. The great outdoors around Bromley may well have been his


patch. Whilst William was roaming the wilds of suburbia, his creator


was often incarcerated in doors. Her parents held a common fear in


Victorian times that delicate looking children could develop the


curvature of the spine. As she later told a family friend, Mary.


They made her spend several hours of every day lying on an awful


contraption called aback board. around your arms and legs so you


couldn't move. I think she lay there making up stories. It was as


if she projected into her stories the child she would love to have


But her first love was teaching. After university she became


classics mistress at Bromley High in 1917. In her spare time, she


indulged in writing and her first William stories appeared in


magazines. When they made it onto the bookshelf, her head teacher


gave her an ultimatum - her writing or her teaching. Polio was rife, a


flu-like virus that attacks the central nervous system, and in 1923


she became one of the cases that year. She was once more trapped at


home, and eventually lost the use of her right leg. Her doctor said


the cycling as she did three-and a- half miles to school every day to


teach was too much for her, and he urged her to give up teaching and


stick to writing, which was beginning to go very well for her,


which she did. I would say teaching's loss was literature's


gain. Richmal Crompton gained handsomely with her best sellers.


She earned enough to build this grand home over the next four years,


on Bromley Common. The name William had become synonymous with


rebellious boyhood. First inspired by her naughty brother Jack... In


later years her mischievous nephew Tom gave her plot lines. The my


grand mother tells me when he was young he would bring in stag


beetles, and she would find them in her laundry. These notorious tales


were told right up to her death in 1979. Stage, screen, radio and TV


adaptations fell for stories with more than schoolboy humour to them.


How do you do? I have come to see you before you die. It is to her


eternal credit that the name of her hero is better known than hers, but


for all she has taught us about what makes boys tick, she deserves


credit of her own. A What a beautiful house. At the


start of the show, we set ourselves a challenge of doing the community


restoration live. How far do you think they have got with this


Portakabin? I hope they have finished it, a Paul -- Portakabin


is not a difficult thing to deal with. Let's go over to Marlow in


Buckinghamshire. Have you finished? It might be a surprise. Let me give


you a quick recap in pictures, because earlier it was quite the


state. The paint was peeling, there was no disabled access, and inside


the ceiling had collapsed. Now I am joined by Ness, the youth group


leader. How important is this place to you? It's is essential. We will


be able to welcome new members. Time to lift up the blind fold.


my goodness! That is fabulous. Let's have a look at a few things.


We have a welcome mat of course, a lovely drinks area, and the paper


on there, flowers. Mind your step, this is all wet. Inside, what do


you make of that? If it is just wonderful. So you are going to use


this now? Yes, we will! I have got to hand out some congratulations,


firstly to the builders who have given their time and labour free


all day, and to the volunteers. New standards in 20 minute restoration.


Matt and Alex are joined by comedian and broadcaster Griff Rhys Jones and Dr Mark Porter reveals a revolutionary way of helping migraine sufferers.

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