21/11/2011 Blue Peter


21/11/2011

Liz Bonnin finds out if it is physically possible for humans to hibernate! Plus, there are some very special inventions for children only in the studio - so no adults allowed!


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Coming up, we reveal the backstage secrets of pop he is biggest night

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of the year. And with winter on its way, we see if humans can hibernate

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Hello, Barney is not with us in the studio today, because he's busy

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rehearsing for panto. We have a great guest coming in to fill in.

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Let's find out who it is. Lucien Laviscount is best known for his

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portrayal on Waterloo Road. He appeared in this year's series of

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Celebrity Big Brother. Coming it up for Lucien! Lucien, a

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bird tells me we didn't have to work hard to persuade you to be a

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Blue Peter presenter. Can you see the smile on my face! I have the

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babdge. Look at this, the turn- coat! You have to pass a challenge.

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You have played a school pupil in Coronation Street and Waterloo Road

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and Grange Hill. We want to know if you would be any good if you went

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back to school. We have questions from the national curriculum. Are

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you ready for the challenge? From year 3. How many seconds are there

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in two minutes. 100, 120 or 30? What do you call an animal that

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hunts and eats other animals, predator, prey or producer.

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Predator. Which types of buildings, can Henry VIIIth destroy,

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Monastries. From year 6, veins carry blood to the heart, away from

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the heart or inside the heart. first one, to the heart!. Correct!

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Straight to the top of the class. From year seven, where did hip-hop

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originate? New York, New Orleans or New Jersey yoi. New York. What

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describes music that mimics music on - what is on scene. - screen,

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queuing, non-digetic or Mickey Mouseing. Queuing, Micky mousing.

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Did you do your homework, did you watch Children In Need. Of course!

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Last Friday was Children In Need. A massive �26 million raised.

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massive thank you to everybody involved. What o one of the things

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that happened was a huge concert that happened in Manchester. I was

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lucky enough to get tickets. I was texting all night, saying do you

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want to meet up, where are you? He didn't reply. I know why, he was

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backstage. Children In Need rocked Manchester. The biggest names

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performing on the ME M arena stage. The acts included Jessie J. Lady

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Gaga. And JLS, to name just a few.

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Putting on an event with acts like these doesn't happen overnight. It

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takes months of planning to put together and I'm at rehearsals a

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few days before the concert. I've been given amazing behind the

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scenes access to find out what happens to put a concert like this

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together. First up, you need an organiser, someone like take that

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Gary Barlow. Do you think you call people, and they say "yes", before

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you explain... When you say Children In Need, that's the point

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everybody goes I'll be into that. Once you get someone like Coldplay

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or Lady Gaga saying "yes", suddenly everybody else is interested.

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You're performing as well. Unfortunately for you lot, I will,

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I don't care what anybody says. an amazing star sort lined up, you

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need to decide how it looks. That's where Gary Barlow picked up Kim

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Gavin. Gary saying who he has spoken to, and we can put them into

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an order. What can we look forward to with Lady Gaga's performance.

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Everybody performance is very different. She has talked to our

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technical team. I'm excited to see what she brings. I'll oversee it

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and makes sure it comes to fruition. Every act needs to look unique. A

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big part is deciding on the lighting, which is down to the

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lighting director, Patrick Woodruff. The skill is to take all the songs,

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and give them a different personality. I can say take all the

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lights and make them blue, and back to the stage... With everything

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looking good on the stage, down to geoff to make sure what you see -

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what happens you see on TV. I have 17 cameras around the auditorium.

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You need to know at any one time what each is doing. I do a camera

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script, making sure who is singing. You need to know jury JLS inside

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out. Otherwise you're on Marvin... If anything guess whose fault...

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Mine. You're not shaking your head, you're looking at everything goes

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on. I'm fabulous at Wimbledon! host a concert like this, you need

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a huge rehearsals space, and a super talented team, and now all we

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need is a host of acts and fans. It's about to happen before a live

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screaming audience. I'm armed with a Blue Peter autograph book... Most

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of the acts will head by the press room as they come off stage,

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there's a chance I'll get many. Will you get everybody's, I'll try.

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If you can read that, you're a better person than me! From Gavin

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Smith! Draw a picture. Everybody book, we say when are they coming

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back?! With X Factor's Kelly row land about to come off, I'm keen

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for her to come off staying. And it it didn't stop there. The

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autographs kept on rolling in. Last but definitely not least Jesse J.

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Like that. I look pretty scary it is what it is. Big lips. There you

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What an amazing gig. I have my Blue Peter autograph book full, Gary

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Barlow, and Kelly, and Jesse J... Thank you to everybody who has got

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involved and donated money to this amazing cause. Here is the very

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autograph book. We have prized it out of Barney's hands. Jesse J has

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a self-portrait. And that's Kelly Rowland, I swear there was more

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lipstick than that, and Jesse complimented Barney with his hat.

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Did you see that dance he did?! We'll be meeting interesting

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animals with a show about pets. We'll be bringing some of the best

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toys, and games and gadgets into the studio ahead of Christmas and

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we will be welcoming Pixie Lott to perform her latest single.

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Something tells me you'll be coming back when Pixie is in the studio.

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Our next guest's job is inventing cool things. Londoner Mark

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Champkins wanted a �100,000 investment for a 15% stage in

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children's products. You hang the bag on the back of the chair.

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must be people buying things. it looks engaging for me, for a

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child. Peter Jones offered him all the money. 40%. 30% is fair. In the

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end they settled on 40%, but with a 5% reduction in equity if Mark

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meets his projected profits. Noise for Mark Champkins. How you're an

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inventor in roipbz at the Science Museum. You create all kinds of

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things. This is obviously a lunch box. Not just any lunch box. It's

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designed to protect fruit from being bashed and bruised. Bananas,

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always go soggy. With with this box. I've put something hard around the

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banana and orange. I used tennis balls, and it has developed from.

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Where did you get the ideas from. From kids, they suggest problems,

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I like this, it's a water bottle and a pencil case. The idea is to

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drink while working. Your brain is always in the best state. You're

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doolgdzing and having a drink. want to know what this does?

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looks like an old style gramophone. Before there was electroification,

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they used trumpets. The idea here they used trumpets. The idea here

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is to amplify sound. That's without. When you put it in here, the sound

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goes up. Without... The thing I like about this, there are no wires

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and batteries. I want to get a pen out and you can draw on it. It's

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just plastic. We have got a little bit of a challenge for you, Lucien

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passed his with flying colours. We're laying down the gauntlet for

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you, we're heading into winter. Viewers will be waiting at the bus

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stop. They are cold and bored. Can you create something for them. Do

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you think you can come up with something. To make sure the bus

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doesn't go passed... Yes I think I can. In a couple of weeks, you'll

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hopefully come back with a couple hopefully come back with a couple

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of great ideas. We look forward to seeing you. Time to check out

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somebody else, with a problem with the winter months. Shelley our Blue

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Peter tortoise went to sleep at the end of October. The family that

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look after her packed her into a comfortable box and she's sleeping

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at the moment in the garden shed, she has a thermometer with us, and

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if the temperature goes below 4 degrees she has to go somewhere

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warmer. If it stays cold, she might sleep for longer. If she sleeps for

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much longer, we need to bring her in and warm her up. Tortoises need

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to only sleep for four to eight weeks. Otherwise durb any longer

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and they will starve. Could humans hierb - hibernate? That's that dark

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time of the year. All you want to do is stay in your toasty bed.

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That's what some animals do in the winter months. They stay in bed or

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hibernate. If they can do it, can we? I'll find out and look at some

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of the natural processes animals use to hibernate. I'll see if us

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humans can escape the dreary winter mornings by hibernating. As the

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days draw in, food that many of the animals need to survive don't grow.

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They do into hierb nation, a deep sleep that dramatically slows down

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their heart rate and bodily function. Can humans hibernate. It

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happened in films. In Super Hero Captain America reawakened after

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spending 60 years in a block of ice. There have been stories of humans

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who survived long periods in hierb nation. In 2006, the Japanese hiker

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shocked the world by surviving 24 days, following a fall. Doctors

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believe he only survived because his bodily temperature plummeted

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and his body organs shut down. This caused excitement among scientists

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who believed proper human hibernation could happen. That

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means astronauts could put in sleep for many years and travel to

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planets that could take a lifetime to raze - reach. To hibernate

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needed: The bodily needs to deal with the waste produced by food and

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with the waste produced by food and water., metabolism the body needs

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to slow down brain wave and heart functions and other functions to

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conserve energy. Food and water. In order to survive the winter animals

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have to stock up on food to double their body weight in size. In the

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spring many animals are out of hibernation. Then in the summer

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they feed on the goodies and put on a little bit of weight. Like this,

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it's in the autumn they put on all the weight they need to get ready

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for hibernation. And by the winter a dormouse is twice the body size.

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Theoretically humans are able to eat enough to double the body size.

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To hibernate is not about just stocking up on food. Bears with

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hibernate for up to seven months. Throughout to this time they don't

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need to go to the toilet. Whether we flush our toilets our waste ends

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up in a plant like this, where it's broken down and recycled. That is

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what is happening to the bear's waste. The body is acting as a

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recycling plant. In a process that baffles the world's scientist, a

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bear's body can breakdown the waste and reuse the waste to produce

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protein. This naiblgs the bear to feed the muscle throughout the

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winter. A build-up of waste for a human would damage the body. For a

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human body to survive it would need help from medical assistance. This

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is what happens to a patient after a bad act in a coma. With the help

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of machines, I could remove my waste. When animals go into

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hibertnaion they lower their heart rate. I've come to meet a

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meditation expert to bring my heart rate and brain waves down. A

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hibernating hedgehog slows down the heart rate from 120 beats hr minute

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to 20 a minute. Dave Jones is going to monitor my heart rate to see if

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I can lower it. We need to measure my heart rate. 66 beats per minute.

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We're aiming to lure my heart rate to 11 and I've got to try and

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reduce my brain waves until they're negligible. That will be

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interesting! Dave sects censors to my head and body to measure my

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brain waves and heartbeat. All I And after trying to do some serious

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meditation... Dave we needed to get my heart rate down to 11. Did we

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get close? Not really! We started off at 66 up there, went into

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meditation, slowly dropped a wee bit, not very much to 60. What

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about my brain waves, There was much the same as they were. I'm not

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a hibernating animal, am I! afraid not. I didn't exactly relax

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properly. Humans are able to reduce their heart rate. It's reducing the

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brain waves that is much more challenging. Things might be

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different in the future. Imagine what could happen if we unlock The

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She might not be a hibernating animal but she's a clever lady.

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It's a lot more complicated. You think hibernating they smuggle down.

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We know you guys love Shelley. Erica, a full animal family in

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there. You have Barney and Cookie and Socks. And Maizie has sent this

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picture of Shelley. Make sure you need sending us post. Coming up

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tomorrow raise aiz a special show dedicated to pets. We'll welcoming

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Guest presenter Liz Bonnin finds out if it is physically possible for humans to hibernate! Plus in the studio, an inventor shows the Blue Peter team some very special inventions for children only - so no adults allowed!


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