Sheep and Cheese Down on the Farm


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Sheep and Cheese

Preschool series about farms. Storm goes to a factory to see how they make cheese. Some children go on a litter pick, and we discover how baked beans are made.


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# Come join us down on the farm today

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# Learn about nature along the way

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# From seeds to crops and fields to barns

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# So much to do down on the farm

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# Summer, autumn, winter, spring

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# Ploughing, planting, harvesting

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# With JB and Storm to lead the way

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# Come join us down on the farm today. #

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Hello, I'm JB and welcome to Down On The Farm.

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In winter, there are still vegetables to be harvested

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and foods to be made.

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Now, let's see what Storm is up to.

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Today, I've come to this factory

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where lots of milk arrives every day.

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The milk is pumped into the factory through this blue hose.

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And I'm here to find out how they turn the milk into cheese!

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Inside these huge vats, the milk is set

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and it's separated into milky jelly curds and liquid whey.

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When it's ready, this mixture pours out into the stirring tray.

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These large stirrers keep the curds loose and separate from the whey.

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Eventually, the liquid whey drains away through sieves.

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We shovel to make sure none of the curds are stuck to the bottom.

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But it's hard work.

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Then the cheese is salted.

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This bar pushes the curds to the end of this tray,

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ready to go into the next machine, called an auger.

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Then they're sucked up these tubes into a machine which squashes them

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and turn them into big blocks of cheese.

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Each block of cheese is wrapped in plastic

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and sealed tightly to keep the air out.

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The blocks are put into boxes,

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and then surrounded by wooden slats.

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The cheese is stored in really high stacks until it's ready to eat.

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I'm going to meet Kim, who works in the cheese factory,

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and her helper, Alicia.

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-Hi, Kim. Hi, Alicia.

-Hi!

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I've had a great day already seeing how cheese is made,

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but how do you know when it's ready to eat?

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The cheese is left in storage between six and 16 months.

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You can tell then if it's mild, medium or mature.

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-So the longer it's left, the stronger it tastes?

-Yes.

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-Do you think we can try some?

-Yes.

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Just pass me one of the blocks behind you, please?

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Ooh, it's heavy! There we go.

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This is a cheese iron.

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You put it in the block of cheese to get a sample.

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-Would you like to try?

-I'll give it a go.

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-There we go.

-Just twist it.

-Ooh!

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Oh, that's good, Storm!

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Do you want to try some?

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Mm, it's delicious!

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-What does it taste like, Alicia?

-It tastes strong.

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I think you're right, it is nice and strong.

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While we continue trying some cheese,

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why don't you find out what else happens in winter?

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Not all of the trees we see around us have bare branches in winter.

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Evergreen trees are different from other trees

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because they have leaves all year round.

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Yew trees and Scots pines are two types of evergreens.

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Both have special leaves called needles.

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Scots pine needles are an important winter food for birds

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called capercaillies when little else is growing.

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The cones which grow on evergreen trees can also provide

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a good meal when food is hard to find.

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Crossbills use their special beaks to prise open pine cones

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and eat the seeds inside.

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Wildlife big and small also use evergreen trees to help them

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shelter from winter weather or hide from predators.

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A goldcrest is searching these yew branches for insects to eat.

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But this tiny green orb spider is well hidden among the needles.

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Evergreen trees like these can provide welcome food

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and protection in the winter months.

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MOUSE SQUEAKS

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Hi, boys and girls.

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Welcome to the beautiful Union Canal in Falkirk.

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Today, we are here to do a litter pick.

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But before we go on our walk along the canal,

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we'll learn a little bit about what litter is.

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When I pick something up,

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you can tell me if you think it's litter

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or if you think it's not litter.

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First of all, I've got a drinks can. What do you think this'll be?

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-CHILDREN:

-Litter.

-Litter, yeah, well done.

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How about these leaves?

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-Not litter.

-Not litter.

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-We've got a crisp packet.

-Litter.

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Litter, definitely. We might see some of those today.

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Now we're off to find rubbish and tidy up.

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There's a couple of tiny bits of litter down here.

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Found a bottle.

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Is this banana skin litter?

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It is a natural thing, isn't it?

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But we don't usually find bananas on the tow path.

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Do you have any idea how long

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it will take this to rot down if we leave it here?

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-A week or three weeks?

-It's actually longer than that.

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It could take about two years for this banana skin to go away,

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so we will pick this up and put it in our bags.

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If we litter, animals might eat it and they might get unwell

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and that's why we have to keep nature clean.

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Nature is an important thing.

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A tree is important because without them,

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you won't be able to breathe.

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It's important you keep the place clean.

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If there's litter, no-one would like to come here.

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I got it!

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Litter takes a really long time to break down.

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It's bad for the environment

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because loads of animals nibble on it

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and it makes their stomach very poorly.

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People shouldn't litter

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because it's just as easy to throw it in the bin

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as put it on the ground.

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OK. Well done, everyone.

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We collected lots and lots of litter today.

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Can anyone tell me the different types of litter that you found?

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-I got lots of wrappers.

-I found a glass bottle.

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-Dog poo.

-Oh, dog poo.

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Oh, yeah, we found some of that.

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-Did you guys had a good time today?

-CHILDREN:

-Yes!

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Best day ever!

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Put your hat on.

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"Why?" I said.

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Because it's cold, protect your head.

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Tie your scarf.

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But it's too itchy.

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It makes my neck feel hot and twitchy.

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What happened to your other mitten?

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I took it off to pat the kitten.

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-Did you put it in your pocket?

-Maybe.

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No, I think I dropped it.

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So many woollies left behind, forgotten, lost in winter time.

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It's such a shame, it's just plain silly.

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Let's love our woollies when it's chilly.

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SHEEP BLEAT

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Today my helpers and I have come to this farm on a very important day.

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-Hello, everybody.

-Hello!

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What's happening today, Sam?

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Some of our sheep are pregnant,

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they're carrying lambs which will be born in the spring.

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We'll find out which ones are pregnant

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and how many lambs they're carrying.

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-How do you do that?

-We use a machine called a scanner.

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We'll bring them into the barn to be scanned.

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-Can you help?

-Yeah!

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Now let's head to the barn.

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This is Robert.

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His job is to scan the sheep to see if they're pregnant

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and how many lambs they have.

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Hi, Robert. How do you count the lambs?

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This machine looks inside the body.

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There's a picture on the screen and

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the small white shapes are the lambs.

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And what can we do to help?

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We'll spray a dot on each sheep to tell me how many lambs they have.

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One spot on the shoulder for one lamb,

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a spot on the bottom for three lambs,

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and if there's two lambs,

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we won't put any marks on the sheep at all.

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What if there are no lambs?

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We put a spray mark all the way down the sheep.

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-Well, I hope you guys can remember all of that.

-Yes.

-Yep.

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-How many do we think are in this one?

-Two.

-Two.

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-Two.

-Two.

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-Two it is.

-Yay!

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-Three in this one.

-Oh, three!

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Rosie, you're up. Well done.

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-This is going to be three.

-You think this is three again?

-Yes.

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-Three little babies.

-Yay, there we go. You're up.

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Here comes the last one.

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-One.

-One.

-One.

-I say two.

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-One.

-Ooh.

-Yay!

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OK, your turn, then. Well done.

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How many lambs do you think there are?

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30.

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-30.

-100.

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I think...47.

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There's actually 43.

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Ooh, so close!

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Now let's take them back to the field.

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Now here are some tips for spotting animals in winter.

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SHEEP BLEAT

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Can you spot any signs that animals are nearby

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when you're outside in winter?

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You might find...

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..paw prints in the mud,

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old birds' nests,

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or maybe some rabbit holes.

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Have a look next time you're out.

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Beans are one of the most popular canned foods in the UK.

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But how do they get into the tins and to our cupboards?

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We've come to this bean-canning factory to find out.

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This is Ian.

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He's checking the beans before they go into the factory.

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They use a type of bean called a haricot bean.

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The beans are dried before they arrive here.

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We put them through a machine called a rehydrater

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to make them moist before canning.

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We make sure only the best beans go into our cans.

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We sort them by colour, keeping only the white beans, and take out

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any stones or anything else that may have come in from the fields.

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After they're checked, the beans are ready to be put in the cans.

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The empty cans come in one by one

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and exactly the right amount of beans is dropped into each one.

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No can of beans is complete without the special tomato sauce.

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We take thick tomato paste

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and other ingredients like sugar and spices.

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Mix with water.

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Once the sauce tastes right,

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it goes to the liquid filler machine.

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The cans of beans pass under the liquid filler.

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It pumps the right amount of tomato sauce into each can.

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The full cans are sealed with lids in the seamer machine.

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In here, the beans are heated up and cooled down in the cans.

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This makes them safe to eat for a long time.

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Once cool, the cans are labelled and packaged

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until they're ready to go to the shops.

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Thanks to this careful process, the beans can last for up to two years!

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We've had an excellent time on the farm today. I hope you did, too.

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If you want to have fun with your own farm,

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go to the CBeebies website to play the Down On The Farm game.

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See you next time, bye!

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# Come join us down on the farm today

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# Learn about nature along the way

0:13:410:13:44

# From seeds to crops and field to barns

0:13:440:13:47

# So much to do down on the farm

0:13:470:13:49

# Summer, autumn, winter, spring

0:13:490:13:51

# Ploughing, planting, harvesting

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# With JB and Storm to lead the way

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# Come join us down on the farm today. #

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Storm goes to a factory in Orkney to find out how they make cheddar cheese. JB visits a farm on an important day to help scan their pregnant sheep. We meet some children helping to keep their local canal clean by picking up litter, and we go to a factory to discover how baked beans are made. Finally, Storm and JB wrap up for a winter poem.