Exercise Nina and the Neurons: Brilliant Bodies


Exercise

Scientist Nina and her young experimenters investigate the human body. Experimenters Catriona and Luke visit the lab and find out why exercise is good for you.


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# If you've got a question and you don't know where to go

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# Ask Nina for some help Cos she's got a science show

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# She makes sense of her senses While helping all her fans

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# By doing her experiments with potions and with bangs

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# Touch your tongue! Fingers!

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# Eyes. Eyes! Ears. Ears! Nose. Nose!

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Luke he helps us with our eyes And Felix with our touch

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# Ollie helps our smells and sense And Belle she hears so much

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# Bud is Ollie's brother, he helps us with our taste

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# They're Nina's little neurons and they're coming to your place

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# Touch your tongue! Fingers! Fingers!

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# Eyes. Eyes! Ears. Ears! Nose. Nose!

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Oh yeah! #

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One, two, three, four. One, two, three, four.

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Oh, hello there.

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I've just been doing my daily exercises,

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but I think I should have taken my lab coat off first.

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-I'm really hot now.

-BEEPING

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I hear a beep, I see a flash, I wonder what they're going to ask?

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BOTH: Hi, Nina!

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-Hi, guys!

-We've got a question for you.

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Why is exercise good for us?

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That's a great question.

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I love doing exercise but why is it so good for us?

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Why don't you come down to the lab and we'll do some experiments.

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BOTH: See you soon, Nina. Bye.

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I'm going to need some help and I know just who to ask.

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OK, Neurons, time to get to work.

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MUSIC

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ALL: Neurons at the ready, Nina.

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Today's question is, why is exercise good for us?

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Which Neuron do you think would be most useful

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in helping us find the answer?

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ALL: Me! Me! Me!

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Will it be fabulous Felix?

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I can help so very much if you need the sense of touch.

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Will it be beautiful Belle?

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I send messages to brain from ear. If there's a sound I'll help you hear.

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Will it be lovely Luke?

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For looking and seeing day or night,

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I'll help you with your sense of sight.

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Will it be awesome Ollie?

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If it's pongy or whiffy but you can't tell,

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my messages help your sense of smell.

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Or will it be baby Bud?

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Sour, salty, bitter or sweet, I'm your taste buddy whenever you eat.

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It's Felix!

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CHEERING

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ALL: Go Felix! Go Felix! Go Felix! Go Felix! Go Felix! Go Felix!

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Marvellous!

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A little touch can mean so much, Nina.

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Today's question is why is exercise good for us,

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and because we feel our bodies moving when we exercise

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Felix will be helping me today.

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But stand by Neurons, I may need help from all of you.

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I need to get the lab ready before the experimenters arrive.

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Katrina likes butterflies and Luke likes the planets.

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But they both want to know why exercise is good for us.

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So today, for one day only, Katrina and Luke become the experimenters!

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-Hi, guys!

-BOTH: Hi, Nina!

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Welcome to my science lab. Come in.

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Now you asked, why is exercise good for us?

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It's a great question but why do you want to know?

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We love running around and playing sports.

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Everybody says it's good for us but we want to know why.

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Exercise is really important for our brilliant bodies,

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so for our first experiment, we're going to use our senses.

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ALL: Woo-hoo! A senses experiment! We're ready, Nina.

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We've taken our lab coats off

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because we're going to do some exercise

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and we don't want to get too hot.

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-What kind of exercise do you like doing?

-Football and playing.

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Swimming and dancing.

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Oh, yes. The water feels good when you first jump in.

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And it makes a smashing splashing sound.

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Swimming, skipping and playing games like hide and seek

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are great ways to exercise.

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In fact, anything that makes us move our bodies is exercise.

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Things like walking, climbing the stairs, and...

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MUSIC

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..dancing!

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Come on, experimenters, let's move!

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That was great!

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You see, exercising can be really great fun.

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-Now, how did that make you feel?

-Out of breath.

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That's right. Exercise makes our bodies work really hard

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so you get out of breath.

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Now we know exercise can be anything that makes us move.

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But how do we move, Nina?

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Well, when we move, we use things called muscles.

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This picture shows the bones in our arm.

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And these pink things are our muscles.

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We've got muscles all over our body

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and they work with our bones to help us move around.

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But how do the muscles move our bones?

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Well, let's use these to find out.

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These tubes are a bit like the bones in our arms

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and this thread is like the muscles.

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So, let's see what happens when we pull the thread.

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OK, have you got your arm? And pull the thread. Oh!

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-Ha-ha! So, what happened?

-They popped up.

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Yeah, they moved the tubes. And that's a lot like how muscles work.

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They're joined onto our bones and they pull them

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up and down, like these threads.

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So, now we know that when we exercise,

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we use our muscles to move the bones in our bodies.

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And remember,

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moving our bones and muscles makes our bodies work really hard

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which keeps us fit and healthy. It's also great fun.

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But who needs to exercise and what type of exercise is best?

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We need to go somewhere to find out more,

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so get ready to cheer at the tops of you voices.

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-Let's go, experimenters.

-ALL: Yeah!

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-Off we go for another adventure.

-Nina says we've got to cheer.

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I bet I cheer the loudest. HURRAY!

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But cheer at what?

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I don't know, Felix, but it looks like we're about to find out.

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OK, experimenters, we know we should all do exercise

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because it's good for us but the exercise we choose

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depends on what we like and what we're able to do.

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Because everyone's different. Follow me. It's time to start cheering!

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Wow! Just look how fast those guys are going.

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Yes. I expect you need to be very fit indeed to play that game.

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They use wheelchairs cos their legs don't work quite like ours do.

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They're using sports wheelchairs to play basketball,

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which is great for exercise and learning teamwork.

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-So, let's cheer them on.

-ALL: Yeah!

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Well done, Jo! What is it you like about playing wheelchair basketball?

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It's just so fun, Nina, and it helps me stay fit too.

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You use your arms a lot. Are the muscles there really strong?

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-Let me show you.

-Oh! They are!

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Jo's arm muscles have grown bigger because she uses them all the time

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to play basketball.

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Wow! I wish I had arms as strong as that.

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-Shall we teach you some moves?

-ALL: Yes please!

-Grab a chair.

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Ho-ho-ho!

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There are lots of different wheelchairs.

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Some are used for everyday things like getting around

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and some, like these,

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are specially designed for playing sports like basketball.

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This is called a U-turn.

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-Oh! Yeah!

-Yeah!

-Thanks, Jo.

-No problem, Nina.

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Phew! My arms are very tired.

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That's because your arm muscles have been working really hard.

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Team games are a great way to stay active.

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Everyone can find an activity to help them exercise

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and stay fit and healthy.

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There's one more reason exercise is good for us.

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-Let's go to the lab to find out what it is.

-ALL: Yeah!

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Remember all the fun we had dancing and playing basketball?

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-Yes.

-Yeah.

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That's because exercise makes us feel happier.

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In fact, scientists have proven that a healthy body

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gives us a healthy mind, which is another word for our brain.

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You see, when we exercise, it makes us feel more awake

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and our brains start to make something inside our heads,

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something called endorphins.

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-End of what?

-Endorphins, Bud.

-They're things that make us feel happy.

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OK, these exercise bikes are really special.

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And, Katrina, once we start peddling, we'll find out why.

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I'm just going to dim the lights.

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OK, Katrina, let's start peddling.

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Whoo-hoo-hoo! Faster!

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Brilliant!

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The lights have come on because they're wired up to these bikes.

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And when we peddle fast enough, the lights light up.

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When we exercise, our brains begin turning on the endorphins,

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just like these exercise bikes are turning on the lights.

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Endorphins make us feel happy.

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Well, I'm feeling happy just looking at all those pretty lights.

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-OK, Luke, would you like a go?

-OK.

-Okaydoke, swap over.

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Oh! These experimenters do love to exercise.

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Remember to keep peddling to keep those lights on, Luke.

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Exercise makes us happy

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because it switches on the happy endorphins in our brains.

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And the more we exercise, the better we feel.

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-So, are you feeling happy, Luke?

-Yeah!

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Ha-ha! Me too. What a brilliant experiment.

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So, your question was, why is exercise good for us?

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I think we've answered it. We discovered that exercise

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can be anything that makes us move our bodies.

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To move our bodies, we need to use our muscles.

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When we different types of exercise, we use different types of muscles.

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We used our arm muscles to play wheelchair basketball

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and our leg muscles on the exercise bikes.

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Exercise is good for us because it keeps our bodies fit and healthy

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and also makes our minds feel happy

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because, when we exercise,

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our brains start to make something called endorphins,

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which make us feel happy inside.

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That's another reason why we should all do

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whatever exercise we can.

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-I hope that's answered your question.

-BOTH: Thanks, Nina. Bye.

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Bye.

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Want to find out more about the science all around us?

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Go to the Nina section on the CBeebies website. Have fun!

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-Hearts beating.

-Lungs breathing.

-Fingers feeling.

-Mouths eating.

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And don't forget your brain.

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# Brilliant bodies, brilliant bodies

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# Inside and ou-ou-out

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# Brilliant bodies, brilliant bodies

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# Come on, let's find out about

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# Our happy hands and bendy knees

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# Stretchy backs And noses that sneeze

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-# We all have brilliant bodies

-Brilliant bodies!

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# Every part has a job to do

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# Even scabs and ear wax too

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-# We all have brilliant bodies

-Brilliant bodies

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# Brilliant bodies, brilliant bodies

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# Lashes to protect our eyes

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# Brilliant bodies, brilliant bodies

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# And don't forget to exercise. #

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Oh, I've had a brilliant day.

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I loved it when Nina was dancing.

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The music sounded great!

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I've had a fabby day! The wheelchair basketball was so cool.

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Oh, it's been such a great day, man.

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Watching the little lights on the exercise bikes

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getting brighter, made me so happy.

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Remember, everyone's body is different but they're all brilliant.

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-See you again soon. Bye.

-ALL: Bye.

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Scientist Nina and her young experimenters investigate the human body and find out why it is brilliant.

Nina investigates why exercise is good for you with the help of her sense neurons. Experimenters Catriona and Luke visit Nina in her lab and discover that anything that makes people move their bodies can be exercise. And exercise is good because it keeps bodies fit and healthy.

Next, they go to see some young people play wheelchair basketball. They are invited to join in and find out that this is a really fun type of exercise that makes their arms really strong! Finally, back in the lab, they have more fun pedalling special exercise bikes and discover that exercise is good for minds as well as bodies. Nina explains that exercise releases things called endorphins in our brain that make people feel happy.


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