In the Box Nina and the Neurons


In the Box

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# If you've got a question and you don't know where to go

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# Ask Nina for some help, cos she's got a science show

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# She makes sense of her senses while helping all her fans

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# By doing her experiments with potions and with bangs

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-# Touch your tongue

-Tongue

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-# Fingers

-Fingers

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-# Eyes,

-Eyes,

-Ears,

-Ears,

-Nose,

-Nose

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Luke, he helps us with our eyes and Felix with our touch

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# Ollie sniffs out smells And Belle, she hears so much

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# Bud is Ollie's brother He helps us with our taste

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# They're Nina's little Neurons And they're coming to your place!

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-# Touch your tongue

-Tongue

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-# Fingers

-Fingers

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-# Eyes,

-Eyes,

-Ears,

-Ears,

-Nose,

-Nose

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know! #

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Ah! Oh, hello, I'm just sorting through some experiment photographs.

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Look at this one. I remember this experiment.

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It was a special experiment with underwater plants.

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BEEPING

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Oh, I hear a beep, I see a flash, I wonder what they're going to ask.

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BEEPING

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ALL: Hi, Nina!

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Hello!

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We've got a question for you. How does a television work?

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That's a great question! How does a television work?

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Television is a brilliant invention. You just turn it on and

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these pictures and sounds appear as if by magic.

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Why don't you come down to my workshop,

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-and we'll check it out!

-ALL: See you soon, Nina, bye!

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Bye!

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I'm going to need some help to answer this one

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and I know just who to ask! OK, Neurons, time to get to work!

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BUZZING AND ELECTRONIC BEEPS

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ALL: Neurons at the ready, Nina!

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Today's question is how does a television work? Which neuron

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do you think will be most useful in helping us find the answer?

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-Me!

-Me!

-Me!

-Me!

-Me!

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Will it be...Fabulous Felix?

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I can help so very much, if you need the sense of touch.

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-Will it be...Beautiful Belle?

-I send messages to brain from ear.

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-If there's a sound, I'll help you hear.

-Will it be...Lovely Luke?

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Looking and seeing, day or night,

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-I'll help you with your sense of sight.

-Will it be...Awesome Ollie?

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If it's pongy, or whiffy, but you can't tell,

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-my messages help your sense of smell.

-Will it be Baby Bud?

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Sour, salty, bitter or sweet -

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I'm your taste buddy whenever you eat.

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BEEPING

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-It's Luke!

-Yes!

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ALL: Go, Luke! Go, Luke! Go, Luke! Go, Luke!

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-Go, Luke! Go, Luke! Go, Luke!

-Cool, Nina,

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I'll be looking out to help you.

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Today's question is how does a television work? It's something

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we watch, so Luke will be helping us, but stand by, Neurons,

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I may need help from all of you. I'll get the workshop ready

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before the Inventors arrive.

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Annie, Morgan and Charlotte want to find out all about the television.

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Televisions that are thin, fat, full of funny chat. So today,

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for one day only, Annie, Morgan and Charlotte become...the Inventors!

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Hi, guys!

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-ALL: Hi, Nina!

-Lovely to see you. Come on in, welcome to my workshop.

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Your question is how does a television work?

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-Why do you want to know that?

-We like watching our favourite

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programmes on the television and we wanted to know how it works.

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To answer your question the first thing to do is watch television

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and get some clues as to how it works. Let's switch it on!

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Ah! Ha-ha!

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Would you look at that? Just press a button and... Hey, presto!

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-All these pictures and colours appear!

-And the sounds too, Luke.

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You have to look and listen when you're watching the television.

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We watch lots of programmes on television. How do they get there?

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We need to get inside and have a closer look, so I'll switch off...

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Here we have a television. Taking things apart is my job.

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-It can be dangerous, so don't do this yourself.

-That's right!

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Nina's been specially trained to do this. If you open up things

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that use electricity, you could hurt yourself.

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It looks very strange inside.

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How did the cat get onto the television?

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Sometimes the information that makes a programme gets carried

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to the television by an underground cable. But usually it gets carried

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through the air by invisible waves.

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I something's invisible, it means you can't see it.

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That's right, Bud. Let me use my Nina-cam...the information

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is taken by a wire to a television...here!

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The invisible waves carry sounds and still pictures.

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-Do you know what a still picture is?

-A photograph?

-Right, a still picture

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doesn't move, like a photograph.

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When these invisible waves get picked up by the receiver

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they then get sent to this bit here!

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And that puts the pictures up on the screen!

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Still pictures are usually carried to television by invisible waves.

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I know something else that uses invisible waves. Shall we go and see

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-another invention in action?

-Yes!

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Let's go!

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Off they go! I really enjoy seeing the big inventions.

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What else, other than a television, use invisible waves?

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-We'll find out soon, I think we've arrived!

-I've brought you here

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because they build satellites. Do you know what a satellite is?

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-Is it something that goes into space?

-Yes, it is!

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Let's go inside and have a close look. Let's go!

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Let me just open this really big door...

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Hmm! It looks very strange - metal here, metal there -

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-maybe it's a special type of plane.

-Or a robot!

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They're made of metal, too!

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OK, guys, come round here. This is model of a satellite,

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but a real one is actually four times bigger.

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And this metal room is where they test real satellites.

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We have to wear these suits because it's very important that no dust

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gets inside a satellite, as it won't work as well.

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-What does a satellite do?

-It goes into space, travels round the earth,

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collects information and takes pictures to send back to us.

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That information is sent using the same invisible waves that send

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-pictures to your television.

-What kind of pictures do they take?

-Oh,

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I have one here.

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Do you recognise anywhere in this picture?

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-Is that your Science Centre?

-Well done! It is. This is a picture

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taken from space. So we know that invisible waves carry information,

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and what is carried to a television is lots of still pictures,

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like photographs. But we still don't know how a television

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turns still pictures into moving pictures. Back to the workshop!

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We've been on a really long journey to find out about the television,

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-but who actually invented it?

-Listen up, I can tell you that!

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It's probably my favourite invention ever.

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Not everyone agrees who actually invented the television,

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so I'm going to tell you about one inventor called John Logie Baird.

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For years he tried to work out a way to transmit pictures

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and then one day...

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he did it! Everyone was amazed

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at this invention and we still love it today.

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Your question is, how does a television work? So far we've

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found out that invisible waves carry information long distances.

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They also carry still pictures to a television

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which puts them on the screen.

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We still don't know how these pictures move,

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so to find out, we need to get inventing!

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So today we're going to make our very own flicker book!

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First thing to do is cut out these special still pictures.

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So take your scissors...

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Let's cut out number one first.

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Then cut out number two, and we'll do that all the way

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until we've cut them all out.

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Now do be careful and watch those fingers! Scissors can be very sharp.

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There we go!

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Fantastic job, well done. We now have our Nina pictures

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with number one at the top. Next we take our sticky note pad,

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let's find the middle of our note pad, doesn't have to be exact.

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Take number one Nina, and let's pop just a little bit of glue

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onto the note pad and stick number one Nina in.

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Let's put it in the middle and quite close to the edge.

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Excellent! Then lift that page and we're going to put number two

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in the next page, exactly where you stuck it before.

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Do the same on the next page and just put a little dab of glue,

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just a little - it doesn't need much to stick it.

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The last one.

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Fantastic, guys, well done! Now watch really closely

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as I flick the pages really quickly, OK?

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-You're moving!

-When I flick the book really quickly...

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-..it looks like I'm moving!

-Hey, look at Nina!

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I've never seen that experiment before.

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Why don't you have a go?

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Each picture is a little different from the one before it

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and the one after it. When you see still pictures one after another

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really quickly, our eyes blend them together so it looks like

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the picture's moving! It's the same with the television.

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Your question was how does a television work? We've answered it.

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We found out that a television has a receiver and screen.

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The receiver gets still pictures sent to it by invisible waves.

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These pictures get put on the screen one after another very quickly,

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and our eyes turn these still pictures into moving pictures.

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That's how a television works. Thanks for your question.

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-ALL: Thanks, Nina. Bye!

-Bye!

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If you want to make today's invention, go to the Nina section

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on the CBeebies website to get all the instructions you need.

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Or you may have other ideas of what you want to invent.

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-Bikes!

-Trains!

-Binoculars!

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-Televisions!

-Speakers!

-Cars!

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# We all love inventing

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# Whoa-o-o-o

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# Love inventing

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# We all love inventing

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# Why don't you try it, too?

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# Inventions make life easier

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# And help us get things done

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# Go inventing

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# I always like to take a look

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# At how they work and run

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# Go inventing

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# We all love inventing

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# Whoa-o-o-o, go inventing

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# We all love inventing

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# Why don't you try it, too? #

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I've had a brilliant day.

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Especially all those pictures and sounds. Ace!

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It's been a marvellous day.

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Who would have thought a television had so much hidden inside it?

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I've had a fabby day, but the satellite was the best,

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cos it came all the way from outer space!

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I really enjoyed myself today. I liked it when everyone made

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the flicker book - cutting, sticking and flicking was fun!

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It's been such a great day, it's amazing how our eyes can turn

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still pictures into moving ones.

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Our day's been bursting with inventions. Hope you enjoyed it.

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See you again soon. Bye!

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ALL: Bye!

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-# Nina and the Neurons

-Go inventing! #

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Nina looks at different household inventions and finds out how they work. With the help of her trusty neurons, she examines the items to answer children's questions.

Television is an amazing invention - without it there would be no Nina! That's why this episode's question from Annie, Charlotte and Morgan is so interesting.

They ask: How does a television work? Nina asks Luke to help her show the girls what's inside a television and how the pictures appear. She then takes them off to a space science centre where they put on strange outfits and see an amazing invention using the same technology.


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