The doctors meet Larry the vomiting robot, and Dr Xand goes on an urgent mission to deliver blood to a hospital.
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He's Dr Chris.
He's Dr Zand, and yes, we're twins.
Do you know how brilliant your body really is?
I'm getting better.
Well, we're going to show you.
Oh, there you go.
In this series we'll be pushing our bodies to their limits.
By doing extraordinary experiments on each other.
-You look really funny.
-You look funny.
To uncover what goes on inside.
Eaggh! That just came out of my ear.
Wow, that's amazing.
From the bizarre...
Could we get a sample of your snot?
-..to the incredible.
So now I'm seeing things.
It's time to find out what you're made of.
Chris? Chris...? Chris...?
Coming up today on Operation Ouch!...
I'm on an emergency mission.
There isn't any time to lose, we've got
to get the blood where it's needed as quickly as possible.
This guy reveals an amazing body skill.
And find out what happens when you puke....
At Sheffield Children's Hospital someone has turned up after
a big accident.
Let's see them get fixed.
In the emergency department
12-year-old Henry's come in with his dad.
Someone looks fed up.
I can't walk, it really hurts on my bottom.
So, we'd better get to the, er, bottom of this one.
Henry and his best friend Barnaby were mountain biking on some
very steep trails.
Henry was in front and really flying, doing nose wheelies,
pot wheelies, bunny hops and drop-offs.
Suddenly he found himself going really, really fast. Too fast.
He came to a jump and got some properly big air.
As he was flying he saw a gnarly tree looming up ahead.
"Oh, no!", Henry thought, "I'm going to crash right into it."
But he saved himself by bailing in mid air.
Henry pushed his bike one way and launched himself the other way,
then he landed Superman-style, right on his front.
Ouch, he's got some of the best scrapes I've ever seen.
I'll be all right, I've just not got to panic.
Correct. There's no need.
Here's Dr Chris Young.
What's been going on?
I was mountain biking and jumped off my bike, like a Superman pose.
Get him a cape, Dad.
Which wasn't very clever.
Right, OK. Interesting.
I bet Dr Young's never treated a superhero.
What's first then, Doc?
First concern would be his neck,
which he's moving around quite comfortably.
He doesn't have any signs of head injury,
correctly was wearing his helmet, thankfully.
Well said, Doc.
At one point, in my spine it hurts quite a lot now.
-Yeah, so down in the middle, sort of down there?
OK, that's fine. OK.
Henry's now sent for an X-ray to check for possible bone damage.
Dad spots something straightaway.
DAD: There's a nice picture of your inside here, Henry. Did you have
spaghetti Bolognese for lunch?
Garlic bread, a side salad with balsamic drizzle? Yum.
Look out, the doc's checking the X-rays.
This all looks nice and straight, the gaps in-between look OK.
There's no obvious fracture there as well.
Ah, so that's what he was checking, not Henry's lunch.
At the moment I'm not seeing anything that's concerning me.
So, Dr Young is happy so far.
Although Henry's bones seem fine, there seems to be another problem.
That's a lot...well, a bit strange.
A bit strange, but it's not sore?
-Actually, it is sore.
I'm concerned about just how tender he is so watch this space.
Could it turn out to be serious?
Join us later and see what happens.
And now to our lab. Whoa!
Where we do incredible experiments.
Oh, looks disgusting.
To show you how your body works.
So watch this. Just don't try anything you see here at home.
Vomit. What makes our bodies do it, and why?
Well, we're doctors and we can tell you.
-Can I get it now?
Being sick's your body's mechanism for getting rid of stuff it
often because there's a bad bacteria or virus in your stomach.
So that's the simple answer to why we puke, although it's a bit
-Now, can I get it?
But what's vomit actually made of?
And what goes on inside our bodies to prepare us
for this massive event?
Now can I get it?
Oh, go on then. Let's see Chris's lunch.
This...is my sick.
Urgh, Chris, that's awful.
-Don't worry, I'm not ill.
-There is still food in there.
That's because when you're sick from your stomach, it's not choosy, you
bring up everything to try and get rid of that bad bacteria or virus.
So, what your stomach ejects is all the food and drink you've
taken in, in one go.
But, there is another ingredient in vomit.
Now, Zand, I want you to close your eyes
and imagine you're in a really posh Italian restaurant.
-Now, don't you think my vomit smells a bit like...
because when food is broken down in your stomach, it makes butyric acid.
The acid is produced by bacteria as it eats away at your food.
And the same bacterial process occurs as cheese ages.
Which is why all the cheeses like Parmesan smell a little
bit like vomit.
Just as well Chris hadn't been eating Parmesan or his vomit
would smell much worse.
Now, I've got something even better than a tub of my own vomit.
Apart from it being really unpleasant when you're sick,
there are real dangers of your vomit spreading a virus, and it can
lead to an epidemic - just like the winter vomiting bug, norovirus.
But how can vomit spread viruses?
This is Larry. He's a robot.
And he's not just any old robot, he's a vomiting robot.
Larry's been specially designed to show us how the
virus can spread to other people when we vomit.
So, I've given Larry a big drink
and he's going to vomit into this container.
If he's ill, shouldn't he just stick to dry toast or something?
Zand... Ready to puke in three, two, one...
-That was really powerful.
That might look like a much more powerful puke than a human
would do, but in fact, there are things like norovirus that do
make you projectile vomit.
It's lucky we had such a big container, I think
we've caught it all.
Well, we can check that, Zand,
cos I've put a fluorescent dye in the liquid that I made Larry drink.
Do you think that's what made him sick?
Hmm...no, I think turning the knob made him sick. He's a robot, Zand.
So I'm going to go and turn on the ultraviolet lights, and we'll
see if any of the splashes of vomit escaped.
So, there's loads in the container, you can see it really well, but
if you look outside the container, see how much there is here.
Yeah, there's loads.
And then over here where I am there's even more,
these are big, big drops.
Some of them are more than 2m away from Larry.
Look, Zand, it's even on you.
Oh, yeah, it's all over me.
It's just amazing how much mess he's made.
Well, this is exactly why Larry was invented,
to show just how far the drops of vomit can spread.
And remember, each one of these splashes has enough
virus in it to make you seriously ill.
So remember, if you're being sick yourself,
or you're looking after someone who's sick,
it's really important to wash the whole area really carefully, and
wash your hands with soap and water to stop spreading the virus on.
But it's not all bad news, vomiting can sometimes
be your way of getting rid of things that are harmful.
This never would've happened if we'd just given him dry toast.
The park. You can play on the swings.
You can go on the climbing frame.
Or you could just... roll around on the grass?
Everyone loves the park.
But it's a place of danger.
You could fall off a swing.
You could leap off a climbing frame and sprain your ankle.
Or you could accidentally roll in some dog poo. Nasty.
And that's why I've decided to take it easy on this park bench,
where nothing could possibly go wrong.
Ahh! I don't believe it, I've got a splinter!
Ooh, a minor injury.
MOCK DRAMATIC MUSIC
So what should you do if you get a splinter in your hand?
to crawl all over your hand and drag the splinter out?
..and ask an adult to remove it?
..but never use that hand again for the rest of your life?
The answer is B.
Do you always keep a first aid kit with you, Zand?
Chris, of course I do, I'm a doctor.
So, to treat a splinter
wash the area...
..get an adult to remove the splinter with
a pair of tweezers.
Then, wash the area again.
And then put a plaster on it.
There you go, Chris, you're good to go.
Thanks, Zand, that's much better.
Right, I'll race you to the climbing frame.
So, to treat a splinter you should wash the area, get an adult
to remove it with a pair of tweezers, wash it again and
put a plaster on it.
We've got some incredible body tricks for you to try out.
Want to fool your mates into thinking you have amazing magical
powers and can levitate off the ground? Then take a look at this.
So, for this trick I'm going to show you how to fly, just a little bit.
Now, what I need is your help.
I'm going to be using real magic, but the louder you scream,
the easier it is for me, OK? So, I need a bit of encouragement.
I'm going to go over here, I'm going to turn my back to you,
and then you've got to start cheering when Chris says go,
-all right, Chris?
-Three, two, one.
-Come on, Zand! Come on, Zandy!
Fly! That is really good, actually.
It's tiring doing all this flying.
So, who thinks they know how I did it?
You stood on your toes and lifted this foot up.
That's pretty good actually, that's about right.
So what I'm doing is I'm standing on one foot,
on the balls of the foot and lifting up the other one.
The most important bit is to position yourself
so the other person can't see your other foot, so you've
actually got to be quite far away from people when you do the trick.
Who wants to have a go?
So, with this trick you need to make sure you give yourself a bit
of distance from you and your audience.
With your back slightly turned to them, put your feet together
and balance all your weight onto just one foot.
From that angle, to your amazed audience, it looks as if
you're hovering above the ground.
It's tricky but worth the practice to impress your mates.
How's that look? Does it look like he's levitating?
No, he's not using real magic, that's the problem.
Your body is brilliant, it can even repair itself if you get injured.
As this next boy will show you.
# If there's a bone to break he'll break it
# If there's a knee to graze he'll graze it
# If there's an ankle to sprain he'll sprain it
# He's the unluckiest kid. #
Oh, another accident. He really is unlucky.
If you cut your skin, lots of tiny blood vessels tear and bleed.
But straight to the rescue are an army of platelets.
They stick together like glue. This is called clotting, and it
makes a plug to stop the bleeding.
Then a protein called fibrin holds everything together with
fibres, a bit like scaffolding.
The clot dries out and goes hard, forming a scab to keep
bacteria out like a bouncer.
"Sorry, mate, you're not on the list."
New skin cells start to gather. Meanwhile, the heavyweights -
infection-fighting white blood cells - constantly patrol the
area, fighting infection.
Your new skin starts connecting to your nervous system, and it
gets all itchy because your skin knows there's something there
you need to get rid of.
But don't pick it, wait for your scab to fall off.
# He's the unluckiest kid. #
Earlier, Henry had to take a trip to Accident and Emergency.
Let's see how he's getting on.
Back in Sheffield Henry's had a bad fall and is in a lot of pain.
Henry and his best friend Barnaby were mounting biking on some
very steep trails.
Henry did a huge jump and got some properly big air, but he
found himself heading straight for a tree, so he bailed from his
bike and landed Superman-style on the ground.
Accident and Emergency doctor Chris is now calling in a specialist
surgeon to check Henry out.
Meet Giampiero Soccorso.
He is a specialist, and he's checking out
Henry's internal organs.
Ow, that hurts, that hurts quite a lot.
Well, we need to do a special investigation, a CT scan,
on his abdomen.
So, this time it's not a simple X-ray. The doctors are worried
about Henry's internal organs and need to take a closer look.
A CT scanner is a special kind of X-ray machine.
Several X-rays are sent at the same time from different angles.
This allows more detailed images to be seen of Henry's sore tum.
Dr Giampiero is soon checking out the results.
As you can see here this is the CT scan and everything looks fine.
Just a haematoma.
A haematoma is a bruise, and that's why Henry was in pain.
I can move now, whereas, before, I was sort of suspended.
I want to go home and see my brothers and the dogs.
OK, Henry, take care on your mountain bike. Bye.
Still to come...what's going on here?
This is what I'd normally do.
Grandad gets the finger of blame pointed at him, and I'm a
blood night rider.
And it's very important life-saving work, but it is good fun.
Did you know that when you're born you don't have any kneecaps?
They don't form until you're three years old.
Wow, that's amazing! And so is this...
An ordinary gym...
..with ordinary people getting fit.
This chap seems to be limbering himself up.
Whoa! Did you see that?
This is no ordinary man, Zand.
-You can say that again.
-This is no ordinary...
I didn't really mean it, Chris.
Meet Vitaly, also known as The Twister, and he has an amazing body.
Oh. Don't try any of these moves yourselves or you could end
up being stuck in this position, or with a sprain.
Er, I'm not sure how useful that is, but it's very impressive.
So, what makes Vitaly's amazing body able to do this?
Surrounding our joints are ligaments, tendons and muscles,
all with a protein called collagen in them.
And they keep our bones in place like tight rubber bands.
His bands aren't tight.
Definitely not, because Vitaly has weaker collagen in these
tissues, which means his joints aren't held in place as
securely as normal, so his bones pop in and out of their sockets easily
and allow his limbs an unusually large range of movement.
And his favourite move is the shoulder dislocation, which
he can do over and over again, as many times as he likes.
He's the ultimate body popper. Now, that's amazing.
Your body can need mending in all sorts of ways, and we're
going to meet some special teams that are trained to fix you.
Today's fix is all about blood.
Some people are missing proteins in their blood that make it
clot, which can make them bleed for longer.
If they get a knock they can bruise easily, and can bleed inside
joints too, where it can be very painful.
Conditions like this where the blood doesn't clot as easily are called
haemophilia, and with the right medication, they can be treated.
Meet brothers Ben, Zack and Jake - they all have haemophilia,
which is managed by injections of medicine.
They have to come to the hospital every three months for a
check-up with a team that are experts in haemophilia.
What can you tell me about haemophilia?
Erm...that if you injure yourself seriously,
then it could lead to a big bleed.
And what happens if you get just a normal cut or a scratch?
I just go and clean it and carry on playing.
And the medicine that you've injected keeps working in your body?
The injected medicine allows Jake's blood to clot properly,
and heal any cuts or bruises.
This is Dr Grainger and he's giving
the boys their check-up today.
Normal knobbly knees, no swelling on there.
So, they look like the normal shins of a ten-year-old boy, don't they?
-They're what I call "healthy, active boy bruises."
If he wasn't on his regular treatment
we would see very large, sort of, tennis-ball-sized bruises,
which would often have sort of hard lumps in them.
They'd be a lot more black and blue.
Now this isn't Jake and it might look a bit extreme, but even
a small bruise can become a very big problem if the blood under
the skin isn't stopped by medication.
So the routine check-up is over and it's back to school
for the brothers. No pictures!
Once you're 11 the clinic teach you to inject the medicine yourself.
Have you ever had a big cut?
-I can see a very slight scar there on your forehead.
I was playing outside with my cousins and then I went
and fell on these rocks.
I smashed my head and when I went inside I was panicking,
because I never knew what to do.
So, when Mohammed gets big cuts he needs extra treatment,
he needs more of his clotting factor, more of his special protein.
Mohammed is going to show me how he injects his medicine.
I mean, this is like you being your own doctor,
-nurse and TV star all at once, isn't it?
Right, Doctor, carry on.
So, now you describe this as like a plane coming in to land, and actually
these needles look a little bit like planes, don't they? With their wings.
Now, I have to just take off the elastic
and then just push all this in.
As the medicine goes into the vein, it mixes with the blood to
help it clot, which means he'll get a scab if he cuts himself,
which is what the doctors want.
So it's amazing watching Mohammed do this cos I really want to help.
Do you know what I mean, Mohammed? I really want to get involved
and be like... This is what I'd normally do.
So, it's lovely to have a patient just do it for themselves.
We do teach the boys to do their injections when they're ten
and 11, so that Mohammed can now go off and go on school holidays
and have trips out, without Mum worrying
whether or not he's going to have a bleed
-whilst he's out and about.
For Jake, Zack, Ben and Mohammed
their blood doesn't clot as easily, but the treatment and training
they get from the team here helps their bodies fix themselves.
I mean, in the case of Mohammed
he's not just getting treatment, he's learning to treat himself.
Is Mohammed going to put me out of a job?
When blood is needed urgently in an emergency,
hospitals need a fast, reliable delivery service.
Now, there are always speedy teams on stand-by,
but tonight you and I are
joining one of their riders to make a blood drop in the dead of night.
This is Peter Woodsford - he's a
safety officer by day, and
is a volunteer in the motorbike blood delivery service by night.
And this evening he's letting me and you come along for the ride.
Blood can be needed by hospitals at any time of the day and night.
It's stored in blood banks all over the country, but in emergencies
it often needs to be moved at short notice to wherever it's required.
This team is on call all night, but in-between calls it can just
mean a bit of waiting around.
So what happens now, Pete?
We just wait for the phone to ring.
It's no bother to Pete's son Shane.
So, what do you think of your dad doing this motorcycle riding?
It's good cos he stops people, like, dying.
Pete's a volunteer and a hero.
Finally a call comes through and Pete gets his instructions.
Time to swing into action.
So, we're heading off.
I've got my camera with me and you're coming too.
Blood needs to go from the blood bank at Kings Hospital in
London, to Kent and Canterbury Hospital 60 miles away,
where it's needed as quickly as possible.
So the volunteer drivers have set up a relay system with us doing
the last leg.
We're now driving to the meeting point where we'll pick up the blood.
So far so good.
I see why Peter enjoys this, it's really good.
It's very important life-saving work, but it is good fun.
We're joined by another rider as tonight there's going to be a
rather large consignment.
Here we go, and the blood has arrived.
Part of this delivery is needed urgently for a patient who's
They need the blood to boost their red blood cells so they can
take more oxygen around their body.
It's a lot of blood, but no-one in hospital gets blood
unless they really need it, so there isn't any time to lose,
we've got to get the blood where it's needed as quickly as possible.
So, stage two of the journey begins.
We have to get to the hospital to help the patient
as soon as possible.
All through the night, up and down the country other volunteer
bikers like Peter are doing the same thing, and helping people in
The finish line in our race is Kent and Canterbury Hospital, where
we're handing over our precious cargo.
Right, we're ready to go.
Zand, would you like to carry the box up?
It's been a hectic night but we got the blood here on time.
What a privilege it's been to take part in what is literally the
lifeblood of the health-care system.
It's so satisfying to know that the patient who urgently needs
this will soon be feeling a lot better.
-Is this a good night for you, Pete?
-Yeah, it's good.
It's always good when you get a nice run in, and deliver some blood.
Pete's a legend but he's having none of it.
It's not one person, it has to be a team of people that work together.
This is happening 365 days of the year, 24-hour cover every night.
What's amazing about this is, I've given people blood as a doctor
and I'd absolutely no idea of the journey it has to go on
and the amount of people like Pete who give up their time and their
own energy to do this thing which is so important in saving lives.
It's a really amazing job.
In Accident and Emergency the team are ready to fix our next patient.
Let's meet him.
In Sheffield seven-year-old Bailey is in Accident and Emergency with
his mum and grandad, but what's going on with that swollen finger?
I was playing football and I were the goalkeeper
and my grandad kicked the ball and my finger bent back.
-Grandad did what?
-I can't even remember doing it.
OK, Grandad's in denial.
Let's find out exactly what happened.
Grandad and Bailey were playing football in the garden.
The big man played a good attack but Bailey played a good defence,
and after a game of two halves, it was a draw.
-Oh, dear, penalty time.
-Wow! Wild West style?
Well, I thought it would add a bit more tension.
Grandad stepped into town, ready to fire the winning goal, but
Bailey was ready to stop the ball from going past.
COWBOY ACCENT: This town was only big enough for one of 'em.
Nice voice, Chris.
Grandad took the penalty and kicked the ball, Bailey jumped,
he saved, but the ball bent his finger back.
Grandad did a runner.
Let's see if we can get to the bottom of this.
Ready to examine the damaged digit is Dr Bimal Kalsy.
And what's been going on?
I was playing football with my grandad
and he kicked the ball, and my finger bent back.
What happened after that?
You don't want to know.
-Grandad did a runner.
-Grandad did a runner!
OK, sweetie, we're going to do a couple of funny exercises.
Can you squeeze my fingers for me nice and tight? Don't let me go.
I think it's very unlikely that he's broken it.
We'll do an X-ray just to check because there is swelling there.
He may, at the most, have had a little chip.
So it's off to X-ray, where the medics will find out if
there's any actual bone damage to Bailey's hand.
Are things looking up for Bailey?
OK, that's it, we're finished.
So, the doc now checks out the results.
I wonder what Bailey and grandad are up to. Surely they're not...?
Are you playing football again? This is how it happened last time.
Bailey, that's your X-ray of your fingers,
and I can see a very tiny chip.
Grandad can't believe it.
Quite a simple break,
we'll strap his fingers up to the next finger for support.
He can wiggle his fingers gently,
and it'll heal very nicely on its own.
Is that quite cool to look at?
So, it's not too bad, just a small chip, and Bailey gets some
strapping on the finger to give it support and help it heal.
And what have the footballing fanatics learned from this?
I think next time I'm going to be in goal,
and he can kick the ball at me.
Time for one final game before they go.
-Er, isn't Grandad meant to be in goal?
-Bye-bye, mind your finger.
Next time on Operation Ouch!...
Chris finds out why too much fat is bad.
This yellow stuff is from my tummy.
We find out how this man can balance all these buckets on his head.
And we have a peep at our peepers.
This is Zand's eye.
Until then that's all from...
Subtitles by Red Bee Media Ltd
The doctors meet Larry the vomiting robot to show the power of puke, and Dr Xand goes on an urgent mission on a motorbike to deliver blood to a hospital. Meanwhile, over in accident and emergency, one patient has fallen off his bike and another has a football injury...