Episode 3 Autumnwatch

Episode 3

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Tonight is going to be a wild wide. There's a hint of spaghetti western


on the show. Wild horses should not drag you away. Welcome from


Hello and welcome to Autumnwatch live, coming to from the National


Arboretum in Westonbirt in Gloucestershire. If you have been


watching for the last three weeks, you will know that every week, we


go somewhere in the UK where we can sample the flavour and bring you


the full glory of Britain's wildlife in the autumn. This week


we have gone to a very special place. 53,000 kilometres of


hedgerows, England's tallest tree, and four species of tree that grow


there and nowhere else in the world. I feel I should get a pen and paper.


Or shall we just badger on? Let's do that. Of course, we're going to


be catching up with all of the badgers, to find out what has been


happening in the set during the past week. We will be following our


osprey chicks, their migration to Africa is full of obstacles, and


not all of them will make it. And our special guest this week is very


special indeed, the Exmoor enigma that is Johnny Kingdom. So, where


is this amazing place that Chris was talking about? I shall give you


a clue. If it is good enough for Johnny Kingdom, it is certainly


This week, we are exploring Exmoor, one of the wonders of the West


Country. It has got these rugged Moorlands, deeply wooded areas,


idyllic little rivers flowing down to the sea. I will be exploring


Exmoor's wonderful ancient woodland. It is full of magical and very


special species. And what makes these unassuming looking animals


one of nature's toughest creatures? I'm here to find out. When the


moorland water has come down to meet the sea in autumn, there is no


finer place to take a dip. A dip into some rock pools. Shall we go


and get an ice cream? Cream tea? Maybe a pair of wellingtons.


never did get that cream tea, did we, Chris? Sadly not. Without


further ado, let's go and see our live badgers. Yes! We have got a


female, do you think that's a female? Let's have a look. She's


eating peanuts, very alert. She's outside the farm. This is Andrew


Cooper's Farm, he has put cameras on the ground, we will have a look


at those in the moment, but we have put cameras outside the farm as


well. This has been a huge success, about 800,000 people have tuned in


on the red button to watch our badgers. We could get to a million.


We could. We have had people from Italy, Serbia, Canada, even


Australia, have been watching them. Easy for the Australians, of course,


because they do not have to stay up late, they can watch them at midday.


Badgers do not just eat peanuts, and we will be coming back to what


they eat later on. Also, let's go underground and see what happened


during the week. A lot of mutual grooming goes on. I think this is


probably a male and female. looks like a male on the left.


do a lot of this, getting rather amorous. Just a little bit. You can


hear them... A little bit of biting, that was a bit cruel. Do you know,


Chris, 16 different sounds have been identified by scientists, made


by badgers. And they have all got different names. I think it is


worth saying that most of these sounds are quite low volume, you


only hear them if you are close to the badgers. It is not like foxes,


you can hear them kilometres away. You have got to be really close.


They seem to be most noisy when they have got cubs in the spring.


Anyway, Chris, over to you. Every week we like to have a little quiz,


So listen very carefully to this, what is this sound? Creaky door!


This one, I have to say, is pretty tricky. Not many people will ever


have heard this. You might have to use some intuition to come up with


the answer. We will probably give you a clue later on. But let us


know if you think you know what it is. I have not eaten properly this


evening! You said you were having problems with your stomach as well.


Thank you very much for sharing that with everybody. This week,


Chris and Martin have been to Exmoor to discover the habitat, but


when a lot of people think of Exmoor, they think of one man in


particular. In fact, to him, Exmoor is his kingdom, he's passionate


about the place. And he has been filming it. So, let's see Exmoor


through the eyes of this week's I never feel lonely on the moors.


Because I'm with something that I really loved - animals. This time


of year, autumn time, when the sun comes up, all over the cush -- all


over the gorse bushes, you have got spider's webs, hundreds of them,


with the light shining through. And Exmoor has got everything. At this


time of year, you can see the swallows. Especially where I live,


they seem to know when it this time, and then they have got that long


journey home to Africa. I have been told, whether or not it is true, I


don't know, that they sleep on the wing. How do they do that, all the


way to Africa? Hard to believe, but The golden plover comes here, in


flocks. I love the golden plover, the display they make in the skies.


Very, very attractive bird. Of course, then you get the fieldfare,


I shall never forget, once I picked out one bird, and warned of a


sudden, I saw him get hold of a worm. He had warned about this


September, October, if you get the rains at the right term, you know


that the salmon will run. It is beautiful to watch. You can sit for


hours and hours waiting for one to jump. They fight so hard to get up.


My dad always said to me, a salmon from the sea is everybody's, so got


on the moors and get one! That is what he used to say, and that is


what I used to do. No poaching any I think the wild boar have about


three litters every year. In the autumn you can still see tiny


babies, born not that long ago. Once I went to my hide and I never


got there. I film to them, it was beautiful to see. It could not


To my feeling inside of me, there is no other place in the whole


world like Exmoor. I just love this Doesn't it just makes you want to


get in the car and head to Exmoor? He's so enthusiastic about it. But


yes, swallows do sleep on the wing. It is incredible, how do they do


it? It is not just swallows, lots of birds which migrate, mammals,


like dolphins, which constantly swim. In simple terms, they have


the capacity to shut off one side of their brain and use the other to


control of the functions. They do this because every brain that we


know of needs to rest. We do not understand exactly why, but it has


got to take a chemical break to rebuild itself. So they shut down


one side. The other half can get them to fly along. It is hard for


us to get our heads around, isn't it? It is, I have tried. I think


I'm working with about a quarter of my brain at the moment, to be


honest. We have already introduced you to the Clint Eastwood of


conservation. But what we did not realise was that we had our own


horseless cowboy in our midst. Martin went up to Exmoor himself to


Exmoor is looking beautiful today, but don't be fooled. When the rain


lashes down, this is one of the harshest environments in the UK.


Very few animals can live out here all year round. But amongst those


animals is one intriguing survivor from a dim and distant past. Wild


ponies have roamed Britain for at least 130,000 years. Exmoor ponies


are thought to be the closest surviving breed from those


prehistoric ancestors. I met up with an expert, who has been


studying them for 30 years. So, what characteristics do they have


which enable them to live in this environment? They are born with an


arsenal of weapons to defend themselves against the elements.


They grow a special winter coat, in two layers. Underneath, they have


very soft, fine hair. That is if you like their thermal underwear.


And then over the top, if you can see, their winter coats are growing.


They have got greasy, long hairs on the outside, that is like their


waxed jacket. It helps to get the rain off the body. They have got


very small ears, and they have a toad eye, a ridge of fat. They have


the forelock coming between the ears, the rain runs down there, and


the rain is then channelled away from the eyes. Then they have got


this tail, everything is about getting the water off the body.


Another secret is that the ponies have evolved into superbly


efficient grazers. Their grazing shapes the structure of the more.


The ones that roam Exmoor 300-400. There are another 2,500 away from


Exmoor, so a pretty rare animal. That is why they are on the


endangered list. We have to work very hard to look after them. These


ponies we are looking at, would you call them truly wild ponies? They


are a bit of an enigma. All these ponies have owners, which is not


the norm with a wild animal. They live out here all year around. They


find their own food, shelter. Give them enough of the right habitat


they don't need it at all. They are behaviour rally wild. Everything


talks about being wild, yet they are owned. I like to think of them,


they are essentially a part of a wild animal, part of the British


fauna, but they are in a managed situation. Part of that process is


the annual pony gather, when the herds are brought in off the moor


to be counted and checked over. Good morning, everybody we will


start at this end. I was invited to witness the largest herd in Exmoor.


Push all the ponies back to the gate. Thank you all very much for


coming. The gather of nearly 100 wild ponies is quite an operation.


Nothing could be more redilant, this picture we are seeing now.


Something which has been going on for hundreds of years.


We've only just begun. Already we're in trouble. One group of


ponies has split up and gone back to where we have come from. It may


be a long day. There must have been 40 there. They


managed to turn them around. They are heading in the right direction,


at last. That's magnificent. Isn't it a sight. It kind of vibrated as


So this is the end of the line now. We hope that all the ponies are


going to appear down this lane at any moment now. It is very tense.


Fantastic! There it is - you are privileged to see the end of the


annual autumnal Exmoor pony gather - a bit of living history. A very


tiny foal, with a very round mum. Another successful gather complete.


The ponies will make the most of this lush grass for just a couple


of days while they are inspected and marked, before being returned


to the wilds of Exmoor. And we must say a massive thank you


to Emma and David Wallace who allowed us to take part n a funny


sort of way. I love the point where you see the ponies come over the


morning. It made it feel like a spaghetti western. When you see all


those ponies, numbers during World War II went down to 50. They nearly


went extinct. It was very close. That was because people were very


hungry and some of the ponies were carted off for meat. Now the


numbers have built up. There are 300-350 on the moors. They've


survived. A successful conservation story those things we should


celebrate. They are useful because they are


useful at grazing laning grass. They hell -- lank grass. They help


with the bad undergrowth and new growth come. In Yorkshire they have


40 of the ponies. Yorkshire pony lawn mowers!


Shall we go back and have a look at some badgers. Any live badgers?


we had them earlier. We did have them feeding. We saw her feeding on


peanuts, didn't we. They don't just feed on peanuts. What's that fancy


claws, the one earlier. We thought we could identify Fancy Claws.


if you could see the claws. They all have massive claws. Many people


on the messages hoped they would see her tonight. Yes, it definitely


was Fancy Claws. Let's see what we filmed earlier in the orchard. This


is a good advert for leaving apples out. There is a badger in the


background. Many other things will eat them, red hornets, things like


this. Later in the winner it is birds. Redwings and thrushes too.


Any fallen apples you can leave beneath your tree. Is this badger


hungry for fruit? Of course he goes. Of course they are of my vors.


Chris, I have something exciting here. I have a pie chart. This is a


chart showing what the badgers will be feeding on, it's from the Badger


Trust, during autumn. Here we are. We've got earth worms. Pink for


earth worms. We've got insects. 25% of these different things. What's


interesting, if I can do this, that's what they are going to be


feeding on later on in winter - an awful lot of earth worms. When it


comes to badgers it is not a hit or miss affair. They are earth-worm


specialist behaviour. The things is they are not always available to


them. If it is too windy, if it's too dry, various conditions change


in their territory they cannot access them. They have to be able


to switch to feeding something else. If their ability to catch earth-


worms drops below a certain threshold they will eat other


things. The increase in mammals and birds in the winter time is


possibly savaging. I was watching a set years ago where there were a


lot of holly trees. It was a big roost. When I analysed the badger's


poo. Which I did every Thursday night for four years. I found the


remains of the redwings in there. They were taking them from savaging.


It is nice to see a pie diai gram. After analysing all that poo, I


could have brought them in. badger's stomach content were


inspected, there were 200 worms. You can carry on watching those


badgers, live, right up to Sunday between 5-11pm on red button. Let's


crack the million. This is what our wildlife cameraman found on Exmoor.


I know it is just a humble cha finch. Here's another on --


chaffinch. Here's another on the ground. Look at where the flock has


assembled. It is actually on the road. What I think is happening


here is the birds are actually indirectly using the cars which


drive over the masts to crack them open. That makes the colonel more


accessible to them and cuts down the handling time, trying to remove


the seed and then crack the outer shell. I think that is chaffinches


foraging. If you were watching Springwatch you could have known we


had drama with our dippers. They are widespread on Exmoor. There are


483kms of river here. It is a wet place. In some places there are


2,000 millimetres of rain every year in Exmoor, so these bumbleing


broobgs are always bubbling, I have to say. It is -- brooks are always


bubbling. I have to say. It is when the clouds lift up over the high


moor, there they discharge their moisture. Lots and lots of rain.


There is also ancient woodland there. When you get ancient


woodland and rain, you get Britain's rainforest. A very


special place. Take a look at this. The wet oak woodlands of Exmoor are


a magical place to explore. Take the time to stop and look. There's


so much to see here. Quite often it's the little things that keep


this place alive that are actually missed.


Lichens are often overlooked. This is a shame. They are unique and


fascinating organisms, no roots, flowers, stems, leaves and they are


successful too, you know. 1400 species in the UK.


They are a mix of fungi and algae living together. The plant provides


the food, the fungi the protection. Look at this. I don't know what


type of lichen this is. In a way I don't need to know. What's


important is developing an appreciation for the little things.


In this case these lichens growing on here. If nothing more they are a


beautiful colour and they feel great.


Now, at this time of year, wood lands are a feast for the senses.


It's not just what you can see and feel, it's also what you can smell.


It's just so rich. So rich. Principally of course it's about


decay. All this bracken tumbling over and breaking down. All the


leaves coming off the trees. This rich little layer here. But of


course it's also about the dampness and the warmth and moisture in the


air, and together it produces a cocktail which is unique to this


environment. That... I can recognise that anywhere in the


world as the smell of English oak woodland in the autumn.


It's not just the smell of woodland, it's actually the structure of it


that builds the full picture. Look at that - that's a feast of all


those limbs interlocking, interweaving. They are all


providing surfaces for life. It's like a giant sponge, through which


birds fly and over which squirrels scurry. It's just fantastic. That


is what woodland is really all about. It's about all of this. It's


about being in it, not on it. This is a pretty spairbl place and


glistening in the sunshine -- special place and glistening in the


Now, you're going to have to forgive me because I am going to


seize the moment to champion the underdog. Lichens are finally on


the agenda. Don't switch off. These things are a fascinating mix of


algae and fungi. Clearly the algae gets the benefit of the algae


because the algae is a plant and it's producing sugars through using


sunlight. What does the algae get out of it? Well, we think it's the


protection from the fungus. Some of these things can be extraordinary


long lived and they come in a great range of forms. Look at this. Some


are like this. The form is dependant on which are living


together. These things can live for 3,000 years. The ones on Antarctica


which think have lived 3,000 years. Sometimes they have been dried out.


Years later, people have taken them out of these dusty drawers, added


water and they have sprung back to life. Those which looked like


patches of material, they are called lepros lichen, because they


look like the skins of leopards. Very romantic in a very perverse


way. We've had lichen sent into Flickr. This shows the fruiting


bodies. The top of each of these, they are spores which are dispersed


when the rain drops on them. Some other lichens are dispersed by


birds, other animals, they break them off and they start to grow


again. The fact is, as I said in the film, there are 1400 speciess


in the UK. They were coating the trees in the wood. Clearly they


play an important role in that community. Ladies and gentlemen,


thank you very much - lichens. lot of people don't get into them


because they don't understand them or know the name. That doesn't


matter. You look at that photograph and it a Esso stunning that you can


appreciate a lichen, even if you don't really understand it. They


are all so difficult to identify. Sometimes you have to take their


sexual apparatus, crush it under a microscope and only then can you


identify it to species level. I appreciate that puts people off


naming them. When it comes to wildlife it's all about naming, was


How are they getting on? A lot of people are getting it wrong. One


person thinks it might be an otter. One person thinks, it might be a


porpoise. That's an interesting idea. Anyway, keep them coming in.


Right, here we go. It is time for another one of those wonderful


open-air laboratory surveys. This time, it is all about hedges. You


might want to do this over the weekend, get out, have a bit of fun,


and do some proper science. Let's see what we get in the pack? First


of all, this magnifying glass. Measuring tape. All the


instructions. You do four things. First of all, you measure out with


your tape measure three metres of hedge. The first thing is, what


type of hedge is it? Second - what fruit is in there? Thirdly, what


creatures are in the hedge. You can use a tray or a bit of paper, and


literally just sweep things in. Look at that, straightaway, a


lovely spider. You use this bit - I love these - to identify the


creatures. And then finally, you can get in the hedge and look for


exciting holes made by mice and rabbits. Here's a brilliant bit.


You sent the results in, and they are genuinely useful in scientific


research about hedgerows. Those are great, those surveys. The packs are


brilliant. Let's quickly go to the live badgers. Somebody just told me


we had a badger. There it is! It is slipping. It does look a bit like a


shadow. It could be the same one that we saw eating the peanuts.


Then they go for a bit of this news, then go back out again. Let's move


on. Autumn certainly is not a time to just have a Kip in the afternoon,


because there are so many things to do. Very many of the big spectacles


are easy for us to go and see. One of my favourites is one that you


can see all over the UK, and in particular in Exmoor. Let's join


Johnny Kingdom again for his reflections on one of the most


Autumn time is my best time because the rutting season starts. That


sound, which I can't do very well... I just wait for that sound. When


the rut starts, it starts like this. You see a herd of, and there are


young stags in there. Then finally, you will see a big stag arrive.


Then, the small ones, they know that when that big man comes, there


could be trouble. The big stag will come to the rut in top form, and he


will lose more than half of his body weight chasing after them. You


hear that sound all the time. He chases one this way, chases another


one another way, no wonder he loses half his body weight. Then, the


challenge comes. A big stack like himself, more or less the same size,


they go to fight. They size each other up. They will look this way


and that way, they walk together, roaring at the same time. All of a


sudden, one of the will stop, the sudden, one of the will stop, the


other one will do the same, then they will fight. Sometimes they


will kill each other. You can hear the antlers crashing. I have seen


all this. When he has won his flight, he will turn his lips up


like that, sniffing the air. You will see the females trying to ride


each other, telling the male they are ready. Telling him to get on


with it, it only happens once a year. They will make several times


before they get it right. Don't forget, one stag will take 30 or 40


females. At very, very Lucky! He will know when the females are


coming into season, because he can smell them. But that is not the


only sign. They play, they Downs. She's splashing, look at that for a


You can always tell the end of the rut. The big stag will live away


from the rest of them. I'm saying to myself, how many more ruts am I


to myself, how many more ruts am I going to see, at the age of 72? Not


many. We have managed to bring him into the studio now. It is amazing


to see your passion. You have obviously seen loads of red deer


ruts. Have you ever seen a fatal one? Yes. Actually, not me, my who


are. He came back one night and found two big stags, dead. On one


of them, it was stuck in the neck, the other one, it was in the side


of his body. These were two really big ones. They will fight to the


death, and they will kill you as well. Especially if you go filming,


like I do, be very careful. If he stamps his feet like that, he's


telling you not to go any closer. This time of the year it is very,


very dangerous. I have been up a tree for 2.5 hours, waiting for the


stag to go away. Basically, you have to be careful. Do not go too


close. You have got to use a bit of common sense. I have learnt now to


weight behind a tree or something, and let them come to you. I know


you have got a question which want to ask Chris. Chris, nice to meet


you. October, late October, the calves are still circling,


something is wrong... Yes. Some of them will go on to the end of July.


This film looks like a bit of a problem child to me. You have got


an animal which has still got spots on, meaning it is still quite young,


so it is probably one of those which was born at the end of July.


The problem is that the mother will not go into season if it is still


producing milk for that calf, obviously. So, she may not be able


to mother another calf this year. What this means in terms of the rut


is that I guess it might be going on longer, is that what you have


seen? Yes, last year we recorded a stag actually roaring at the


beginning of December. I think that is very wrong. This year, I think


the rut is going to go on and on and on. Every year, for the last


few years, it has been extending all the time. You would have to


make these observations over a series of years, because we do have


unusual seasons. Take a look at this. This is some film shot by our


Cameron and this week. See if you recognise any of these stags.


I do. I know that stag. I can guarantee you that. That has been


the main object of the rut. A lot of cameramen filming this massive


stag. I know that one, it is an excellent piste. Pressure what we


try and keep. We take out the oldies, they have got to be taken


out, that is a natural thing to do. You have got to maintain a healthy


population. Thanks ever so much for coming in. If you have got any


questions for Johnny, please send them into us. If you are interested


in seeing red deer, you can visit our website. There's a whole


selection of sites where you can go and look at them. But bear in mind


that at this time of year, these animals get wound up, the males


have got one thing on their mind. A significant part of that is


aggression towards other males. Do not get too close. And do not get


too close with your dogs, either. Richmond Park is my favourite spot,


you can get a nice cup of tea and a muffin in the van. You are obsessed


with cups of tea! Anyway, it is time to catch up with our osprey


chicks. We are following three of them, which were born in Wales. We


tacked them, and we are watching their migration to Africa. Last


week, we followed the eldest one, and he left Wales and went south,


over the Bay of Biscay, rested here in Spain and then continued south.


But what about his siblings? Well, one of them set off soon after, but


unfortunately, he set off in that store we had just over a month ago,


and instead of following his brother south, he drifted east,


across the country to the coast of Essex. This is where there were


restarted. The data coming from his satellite transmitter was showing


that he was floating about five miles off the coast. This is at


night, so he should have been roosting. So, what has happened to


him? There was huge concern, because many people thought maybe


he had not made it, maybe his satellite transmitter was floating


in the ocean, and that's why it was moving. It was a night fraught with


worry. During that night, some detective work was done, and they


found this. This is an offshore wind farm, and it was in exactly


the same space as our osprey. We think the transmitter was moving


around because he was trying to find somewhere to roost, going from


one platform to another. So there was huge relief, and even more


relief the next morning, when the transmitter moved, and obviously,


he was on his way, back on track, flying south. He did not actually


go right down here, like his brother. He flew inland, into


France. That's where we caught up When the ospreys come from the


United Kingdom in the autumn, they can either come to Brittany and


come across the Bay of Biscay, like one of ours did. Others crossed the


hall of France, and then, at the southernmost extreme of France,


they're coming up into the Pyrenees here. GPS data shows that since


that first eventful night away from home, he has made good progress


down through France. Will these mountains be his next big test?


Every autumn, hundreds of thousands of migrating birds fly over the


Pyrenees on their way south. 50,000 of them are channelled through the


mountain passes to this point, making it a fantastic place to


watch and study migration. But crossing these high mountains as a


real challenge for the birds, and they need the best weather


conditions to make it. It is only when the wind picks up and the mist


clears that suddenly, the sky is There are marsh Harriers, kites and


then suddenly.... Osprey. that's very high, isn't it? Yes.


These birds are making the most of the back drafts. Ospreys have been


recorded flying at an altitude of two kilometres over these mountains.


They are flapping away. Two honey buzzards. Orn kolists have been


studying bird migration here since the 1970s. Recording the birds


which come down from all over northern Europe and Scandinavia.


Which birds have you seen today? Buzzards. Sparrowhawk. And two


Ospreys. We even spotted a short toed eagle,


flying over with what appeared to be a snake in its bill. Sometimes


we can see osprey crossing with a fish. Carrying his lunch with him.


It's thrilling to see so many different species of raptor flying


so high up over these mountains. This really is migration in action.


I just hope the weather holds for him as he heads this way. It has


been a stunning morning. Perfect weather and the birds have been


coming over here. We've seen eight Ospreys. A really fantastic


morning's migration. Don't you just love these osprey films? Roy did


see lots of Ospreys that day. He didn't see Dilas. What is amazing


is their paths did cross later. Not that Roy realised at the time. Roy


set off in his car and he was driving towards Bayonne. He was


flying the same way. His transmitter showed that look their


paths crossed, probably at 3-4pm. We'll be catch ug -- catching up


next week with the Ospreys. Exmoor has some excellent coastal woodland.


Oak woodland. Pretty much what we might call pry malwoodland in the


UK, Martin? Yes, what about the beaches themselves. Earlier this


week Chris and I went to the beach What are you up to, great mate?


Look at this, Chris. A few pence, a bit of clingfilm, an old ice cream


tub and you open up with a world of wonder. It looks like a small telly,


doesn't it? There's a lot to see. I'm going to show you another twibg


which only cost a few pence. -- trick which only cost a few pence.


This is a make-up mirror now look at the view you can get underneath.


That is like being in an aquarium. It's a crab's eye view. Snake locks


have up to 3 200 stinging tentacles which they use to -- 200 stinging


tentacles which they use to catch their prey. These are full of


prawns, others and the shy her mit crab. Now anything that has to live


here will be super tough. For many hours, every day, it will be


exposed T higher up the beach you are, the tougher it will be. You


have probably seen these. This gets exposed at low tide. It shuts


itselfen down. All the tentacles -- itself down. All the tentacles are


shut now and it conserves water. The upper parts of the shore line


are a hostile place. One of the toughest things on the beach is


undeniably the limb pet. A cubic tonne of water, many tonnes of


pressure are being forced down on these little mol luss. They can


withstand that. They hold fast on the rock here. Never underestimate


the limb pet. Chris, look at what we have caught here. A crab, a


female. I like the architecture of these. I have to say. They are


essentially so alien from us, aren't they? It is beautiful. Once


you have examined your crab, put him back in the same rock pool.


Exactly the same rock pool. This is an important environment. The


biodiversity here is profound. This beach is healthy. It is teeming


with life. We have only brushed the surface this afternoon.


Martin, when you were young did your parents provision you can


jamboree bags? Yes, they had Mojos and flying saucers. I remember them.


You never knew what you would pull out. That is what a rock pool is


like to me. There is such a mixture of life in there, full of life's


flavours. When you go rockpooling, take care, think about the tide. We


don't want you to get stuck out there. Also sensible footwear, so


you don't slip over on the slippery rocks. Take a good guide with you.


It's not important to name everything, but the separate groups


are useful. Rock pool -- rockpooling is one of the amazing


things to do. If they are on half term they can rock pool, look at


the dears rutting, doing the hedge survey. If you do all these things


you will want to know what the weather is going to be like. Let's


find out and go live to the weather studio, to Alex. Will it stay mild


studio, to Alex. Will it stay mild for us? Temperatures will be on the


rise through the weekend. In terms of staying dry and sunny, well that


depends which country you are in. For England and Wales, yes there


should be plenty of sunshine to enjoy. Scotland and Northern


Ireland a little less clear-cut. One thing is for sure, temperatures


will be higher than they have been. Over the north, with much more


cloud around, we'll stay above freezing. In the south, seven in


London. In rural spots we will get closer to freezing. It will not be


anything like as cold as it was on Thursday morning, when we had the


first wide-spread frost. Saturday, England and Wales beautiful. A lot


of sunshine here. It will cloud over in the west. A wet day for


western Scotland and for Northern Ireland. 12-13 Celsius. Maybe 16


Celsius across the south-east. They will be tempered somewhat by a


breeze. Now the winds will be a big feature throughout the weekend,


particularly picking up on Sunday. Blustery around the western coasts.


Gusty on some of the beaches here for rock pools. Through central


Scotland and Northern Ireland it could be a wet day on Sunday. For


the majority across England and Wales no excuses to get out and


about. Yes it will be blowy, but there should be sunshine. Look at


the temperatures on Sunday, up as high as 19 Celsius. Much higher


than they have been and that frosty morning we had on Thursday morning,


well that is a thing of the past. Definitely warming up through the


weekend. No excuse then not to go out and do some wildlifeing this


weekend. I am going to be smug. Last week I predicted a migration


spectacle coming over from Scandinavia. I can tell you that


actually it happened. We had about 5,000 brown wings and 6,000


redwings. Figures from our friends at the BTO. That was dependant on


the wind direction. So, what are the winds going to offer us this


weekend? Well, Chris, it's a complete switch around again. We


have been talking about this for the past couple of weeks. We had


cold winds, as I mentioned earlier. The cold northerly winds for much


of the past few days. The winds will switch around. They will still


be strong, but they are going to be coming up from the south. Bringing


up the warmer air. That change in wind direction will probably have a


significant impact. Thank you very much Alex. Indeed it


will have a significant impact. We cannot see too many more animals


coming over from Iceland. This weather from the south, the wind


will pin all of these birds into Scandinavia. Those migrants will be


hanging on. What we might see is a few finches aboveing over from


France, Holland and Belgium. One thing we have seen which goes


against the winds is some movement of bewick swans. We have had three


reported in East Anglia last night. By the end of the winter we will


expect 6,000 of these in the country. Including a few hundred


down here at slim bridge, where we will visit in a few weeks' time.


The winds driving the migration. You never know what might turn up,


Martin. I have to tell you, I had a text from Helen in Shetland,


something amazing has happened there. She said, "Magic myth and


wonder could be condensed and kothed in feather it is in the


throotd of this beauty. A -- throat of this beauty. A ruby throat. Look


at that beauty." I have to do it. I can not hold myself back. The ferry


now is full of birders trying to see it.


Is that rare then? OK we have to resolve the quiz. Listen to this


Not easy. It is a tricky one. the blog we got daurn and Gary got


it -- Dawn and Gary got it right, Chris on twitter. What is it?


It's a dreaming badger. That is so sweet.


What do they dream of? And if you were watching the badger cam, in


fact somebody was. He said "I heard it on the red button this week."


What about that? Have we time for photos. Christine Winston.


could have taken the leaves out. This beautiful photograph, what are


they? The head is overlapping the wing there. You have to be very...:


Be very careful about that. Take no notice of Chris and keep sending


your photographs in because we love them. Indeed. Lots of pictures on


the website already. Do keep the website already. Do keep


sending them in D they don't always have to be top quality. It is


interesting things that we are interested in too. If you have


questions for Simon King, he'll stay here for -- for Johnnie, he'll


stay here for Unsprung. Can I say I am going to be having an exciting


time because I am going to be going up in a hot-air balloon. A hot-air


balloon. Here I am. I am going to go up in a hot-air balloon and try


and see the wonder of autumn - a bird's eye view, Chris. I am going


to look at wildlife gardening by royal appointment. A visit to


Highgrove. What about that? The royal robin. And we have got a new


face to Autumnwatch, our guest presenter, she is bringing us a


first and in-depth look at eels. That is what we have on the show


next week. We've had live badgers on Autumnwatch, not once, but twice.


Foraging peanuts and also sleeping and snoring and dreaming, which is


pretty good. So, remember it will be a really nice weekend. Do try


and get out. If you have kids take them. We have to get young people


into touch with wildlife. Visit our website:


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