Pennod 32 Dal Ati: Bore Da


Pennod 32

Golwg ar rai o eitemau diweddar y cyfresi Heno a Prynhawn Da sydd o ddiddordeb penodol i'r rhai sy'n dysgu Cymraeg. Items from Heno or Prynhawn Da of particular interest to Wels...


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Transcript


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-Hello and welcome to the

-final Bore Da of January.

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-The month has flown by.

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-It's hard to believe that February

-begins on Wednesday.

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-I have a full programme

-in store for you.

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-This is what you can expect to see.

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-I'll be joining the children

-of Ysgol Gymraeg Cwmbran...

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-..as they celebrate their Welshness.

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-Mari Grug chats to the musician and

-politician, Dafydd Iwan.

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-He's written some of the most

-popular Welsh songs...

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-..including Yma o Hyd,

-I'r Gad and Hawl i Fyw.

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-Rhodri Gomer will be in Tregaron...

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-..for the 10k Cors Caron Race.

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-Elin Fflur takes a tour

-of Ysgol Hafod Lon.

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-We'll also take a sneak peek

-at Capel Iwan's most noble home.

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-Believe me,

-Glaspant is worth seeing.

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-We've got this and so much more.

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-Welcome to Bore Da.

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-Do you know about the Welsh Language

-Charter by the Welsh Government?

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-The aim of the charter is to attempt

-to get one million people...

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-..to speak Welsh by 2050.

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-Last week, Ysgol Gymraeg Cwmbran

-held a special afternoon...

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-..to welcome the charter and for the

-pupils to celebrate their welshness.

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-The Welsh Language Charter is a new

-project by the Welsh Government...

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-..which hopes to have one million

-Welsh speakers by 2050.

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-We need to encourage children

-to speak Welsh informally...

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-..outside the classroom.

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-Today, we celebrate

-the school's successes...

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-..and launch the project.

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-We've invited the parents to come

-in and support us...

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-..in searching for the language

-weaknesses in the school.

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-The weaknesses outside school are

-Welsh Apps, Welsh TV and music.

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-We ask parents to support their

-children in using the resources.

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-They'll get a better experience and

-it will make them more confident.

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-# Life is great

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-# The grapes taste strong in

-the wine and there's good company #

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-What are you doing here today?

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-We are selling stuff...

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-..and helping people

-to speak Welsh.

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-We are selling stuff so children

-that go to Welsh schools...

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-..and parents can speak Welsh.

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-How important is it

-that people learn Welsh?

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-It's important to speak Welsh and

-we all need to start speaking it.

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-Joe, without wishing to sound rude,

-what on earth are you doing here?

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-Coming from Bristol, I've always

-been a bit of a Wenglophile.

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-Not so fond of Cardiff City FC,

-who beat us on the weekend.

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-I'm a massive fan of Welsh TV,

-theatre, poetry and music.

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-We grew up on it.

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-My girlfriend is a first-language

-Welsh speaker and we've had a son.

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-I want to get involved

-and learn your beautiful language.

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-Fair play to you, "Chwarae teg" -

-there's your first lesson!

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-I don't know what that means

-because it's very early days.

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-On my phone App,

-it talks about lamb meat.

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-If you need someone to ask

-for "Cig oen", I'm your man!

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-Brilliant.

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-Brilliant.

-

-It's early days.

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-Joe, thank you and good luck.

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-Joe, thank you and good luck.

-

-You're welcome.

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-Many of our pupils come from

-non-Welsh speaking backgrounds.

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-Some parents have had

-Welsh-medium education...

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-..but who have lost confidence

-over time.

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-We hope to boost everyone's

-confidence with this venture...

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-..and for people to use Welsh in

-every aspect of their lives.

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-We've received a wonderful response

-with the schools of the area.

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-Parents made the decision to send

-their children to a Welsh school.

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-They want to do all that they can to

-help boost the language in the area.

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-We love speaking Welsh.

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-Welsh forever.

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-# The grapes taste strong in

-the wine and there's good company #

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-Thanks to everyone in Cwmbran

-for the wonderful welcome.

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-Every year,

-Pwllheli hold a large parade...

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-..to honour the Patron Saint

-of Wales, Saint David.

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-Let's find out why the parade

-will be even bigger this year.

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-# St David, free soul

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-# He did all the small things

-to keep the faith #

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-On 25 February...

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-..Pwllheli town will be excited

-for the St David's Day Parade.

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-They'll also be singing

-a special song together.

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-It's being launched at

-Ysgol Cymerau school today.

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-The composer of the song

-recently moved to the vicinity.

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-He also shares his name

-with the patron saint of Wales.

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-I don't think this Dewi

-is much of a saint.

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-I'm Dewi Pws and not St David.

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-We moved to the Lleyn Peninsula

-over a year ago.

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-We've settled in Nefyn

-and it's great.

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-It's heaven on Earth

-and Welsh is everywhere.

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-It's a good reason for the parade.

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-We want to show the world

-that we're still here.

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-I've written a song that

-the children have learnt.

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-They've learnt it well

-and make the song sound OK!

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-# St David, St David

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-# Come and celebrate your day #

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-Bryn Fon can't be here today

-and he's in prison for a while.

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-No, he's working in Cardiff...

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-..and was unable to come today.

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-But I hope he comes to the parade

-but thousands will be there.

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-More importantly, the children

-will be there singing the song.

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-# St David, free soul

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-# He did all the small things

-to keep the faith #

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-What do you think of the song?

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-What do you think of the song?

-

-It's lively.

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-Dewi Pws' song says that

-St David was a good Welshman.

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-It's fun and I like Bryn Fon.

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-It's great that we've launched

-at Ysgol Cymerau school today.

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-He said that all the small things

-kept the faith.

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-# He did all the small things

-to keep the faith #

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-It's a real honour for Ysgol Cymerau

-to help launch the song.

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-The children enjoyed this morning

-and Dewi Pws has entertained them.

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-I haven't got any hair?

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-I'll wear my hat then.

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-It's been a fantastic morning

-and we look forward to the parade.

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-We hope the sun shines on the day.

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-# St David, St David #

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-I'm delighted to say that this

-is the third St David's Day Parade.

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-It goes from strength to strength

-and it's important that it does.

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-It exemplifies everything

-Welsh in a modern world.

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-# St David was a good Welshman

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-# He loved his language

-and country #

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-What have you enjoyed today?

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-Singing out loud.

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-The thing I enjoyed the most

-was Dewi Pws' jokes.

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-I feel lucky that our school

-was chosen...

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-..to launch the song by Bryn Fon

-and Dewi Pws.

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-Are you all going to the parade?

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-Are you all going to the parade?

-

-Yes, we are.

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-I'm not sure.

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-But you've learnt the song!

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-I'm not sure.

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-# St David #

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-Viewers at home should come along.

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-If you're from Cymerau,

-Rhydycymerau or Swansea...

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-..join the parade in Pwllheli

-and help make it worthwhile.

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-I'm sure it'll be a great day.

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-Everyone enjoyed this morning.

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-The children were still singing at

-the top of their voices when I left.

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-# St David, St David

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-# Come and celebrate your day #

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-Excellent!

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-Hurry, the bell's ringing.

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-The children

-were obviously enjoying themselves.

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-Make sure you go and support the

-parade if you're in the area...

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-..on the 25th February.

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-Next, we head to the kitchen.

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-A seafood lasagne is on the menu

-with Catrin.

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-We'll start with the tomato sauce.

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-We're going to be make

-all of the sauces.

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-I've got two teaspoons of olive oil

-heating in the pan.

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-Add one finely chopped onion and

-some garlic.

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-Leave it to simmer for five minutes.

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-You want to onions to be tender and

-to soften.

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-It's sweeter and will have more

-influence on the sauce.

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-I don't have a lot of time today.

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-Add tinned tomatoes to the onions.

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-The aroma of the onions is strong.

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-Leave it to simmer.

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-Many think that there's a lot

-of olive oil in the sauce...

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-..but you need it as it adds taste.

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-Leave it to simmer for about

-20 minutes and it starts thickening.

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-My collection of fish is different.

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-I've got a variety of fish...

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-..including salmon, cod and haddock.

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-You can use whatever you like.

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-You might have some leftover fish.

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-You might have some leftover fish.

-

-Yes, exactly.

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-You can buy packets of variety fish

-in stores.

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-They include smoked haddock,

-salmon and cod.

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-These can all be used

-to make a fish pie.

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-We're using the same idea but

-making a lasagne instead of a pie.

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-It does save some money by

-purchasing all of the fish together.

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-We had a lasagne on Saturday...

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-..but I've never tasted

-a seafood lasagne.

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-This is going to be interesting.

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-This is going to be interesting.

-

-A historical point for you.

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-The recipe is similar to that

-of a fish pie.

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-We're going to poach

-the fish in milk.

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-I've got a pint and a half of milk

-in this saucepan.

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-Add a bay leaf to the milk.

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-We don't want the milk to boil

-but to warm.

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-Add 400 grams of fish to the milk.

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-It should be enough for four people.

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-The fish is quite thick.

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-It will take around eight minutes.

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-You should keep an eye on it.

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-You want the fish

-to be thoroughly cooked.

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-Eight minutes isn't long?

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-Eight minutes isn't long?

-

-No, it isn't.

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-Make sure that the fish

-is cooked thoroughly.

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-The sauce we're making is going

-to be made using this milk.

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-The fish flavour is in the milk.

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-The next step is to make the sauce.

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-I've got another saucepan.

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-We've got a lot of saucepans today.

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-I'm going to heat 50g of butter.

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-Before adding 50g of flour.

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-Once the fish is cooked,

-we strain the milk to separate it.

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-We also need to keep the fish

-and the milk.

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-That is our stock.

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-I've got some ready made milk here.

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-We'll move the saucepans around.

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-This type of food is perfect

-for this time of year.

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-Yes, following all of the

-overindulgence.

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-The milk is added slowly.

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-You want to build it up.

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-You need to whisk it

-until it thickens.

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-We're going to ensure there's plenty

-of salt and pepper in the sauce.

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-We need to move on to building

-the lasagne.

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-I've got a lot of ready

-made things here.

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-I've got some prawns,

-which are great in the lasagne.

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-I'm doing a single lasagne today.

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-What do you use when making a fresh

-lasagne at home?

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-I usually use dry sheets.

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-I do think that the fresh sheets

-cook better.

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-It can be hard to cook

-the dry sheets.

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-I'm going to add some

-of the tomato sauce.

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-Next, we add the fish.

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-Remove the skin and

-make sure there are no bones.

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-I'm going to add a few prawns.

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-I've also add cooked spinach.

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-The next step is the white sauce.

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-Are you just making

-a one layer lasagne?

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-No, it will have more than one.

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-I need to press this down slightly.

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-Add some parmesan

-and cheddar cheese.

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-Then add another sheet and press

-down on the previous ingredients.

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-Repeat the process.

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-Cook at 180 degrees Celsius or

-gas mark 4 for 35 minutes.

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-You've already made one for us.

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-It looks delicious.

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-You can serve it with some salad.

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-It looks great.

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-We're ready.

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-The ones you buy in store are nice,

-but nothing like this one.

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-This is slightly too hot for you

-to try at the moment.

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-We'll sample it shortly.

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-It looks great.

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-Mmmm.

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-The lasagne looked very tasty.

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-You can watch any of our items again

-on Clic or on BBC iPlayer.

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-That's it for the first part.

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-After the break...

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-..Mari Grug chats to musician,

-Dafydd Iwan about a new app.

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-Apton enables you to listen to Welsh

-music wherever you are.

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-Rhodri Gomer will be in Tregaron...

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-..for the 10k Cors Caron race.

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-Rhodri Davies takes a look around

-a noble house in West Wales.

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-See you in a few minutes.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-Welcome back.

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-The recording company, Sain have

-launched a new app and website...

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-..that enables you to listen to

-Welsh music, anytime and anywhere.

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-The musician, Dafydd Iwan

-came to the Heno studio...

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-..to chat to Mari Grug

-about this exciting new project.

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-This is very exciting.

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-The idea stems from the detailed

-research of Steffan Thomas...

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-..of Bangor University.

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-He looked in great detail

-at this field...

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-..to discover who uses

-the streaming sites...

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-..and who was interested

-in Welsh music.

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-He managed to prove that there

-was a need for this.

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-Let me give you an example.

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-In 2015, 1.3 million

-streamed Sain recordings.

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-The money received by Sain

-from Spotify was very little.

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-However, it did show the need.

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-These days, every track recorded

-in Wales will be available...

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-..through the Apton service.

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-This is a wonderful opportunity

-to get access to all Welsh music.

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-We should explain more

-about streaming.

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-You don't download the songs,

-but get to hear them online.

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-There's a catalogue of

-Welsh music ready to heard.

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-You can also create a list

-of favourites to hear again.

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-The most famous English language

-site is Spotify.

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-Spotify have received complaints

-that the fees paid...

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-..to artists and composers

-have been very unfair.

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-We'll pay a higher rate

-to the composers.

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-We need to develop this wonderful

-collection of Welsh music.

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-You stream the music...

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-..but you can also make a playlist.

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-You can use it in the car

-or on any phone.

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-The first step is to register.

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-You can do that on the website,

-www.apton.cymru

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-You register online and

-download the app to your phone.

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-It might sound slightly complicated,

-but is isn't.

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-There's an office hours contact

-number on the website...

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-..for those who need assistance.

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-Over 1,500 people

-have already registered.

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-We hope most of them subscribe...

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-..during the next few weeks.

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-We'll have an opportunity to remind

-the viewers of how to register.

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-The app is in international demand.

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-The app is in international demand.

-

-Certainly.

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-People in Patagonia

-have already registered...

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-..and they love it.

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-The website was hacked

-at the beginning of the year.

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-Thousands of other companies

-were hacked.

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-It received a lot of attention.

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-Many global reporters

-were phoning us...

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-..to ask about the site.

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-They asked us if we

-had a Welsh Spotify.

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-After we told our story,

-they were very interested.

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-The Chief Executive of Sain,

-Dafydd Roberts...

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-..has been in marketing fairs and

-chatting to global companies...

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-..who have a big interest

-in sharing this service.

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-Our hope after establishing

-this service in Wales...

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-..is that Apton

-is used internationally...

0:19:520:19:55

-..for minority languages

-and world music.

0:19:550:20:00

-A lot of people are interested

-in vinyl's.

0:20:000:20:03

-Have you managed

-to upload old music?

0:20:030:20:08

-It's fashionable among some...

0:20:080:20:13

-..who have some extra money

-to buy vinyl's.

0:20:130:20:16

-The good news is that everything

-that was available on vinyl...

0:20:160:20:21

-..will be available on Apton

-in the future.

0:20:210:20:26

-Remember to sign up to Apton.

0:20:260:20:29

-It's great.

0:20:290:20:31

-Next, we head to Tregaron...

0:20:310:20:33

-..for the 10K Cors Caron Race.

0:20:340:20:37

-I'm happy that I'm viewing

-and not taking part.

0:20:370:20:42

-In its second year, the Cors Caron

-races organized by Campau Caron...

0:20:480:20:52

-..is proving popular amongst runners

-from all over Wales.

0:20:530:20:57

-The course follows the old railway

-so it's quick and flat...

0:20:580:21:03

-..which means the race is suitable

-for all abilities and ages.

0:21:030:21:08

-Have you been training hard

-for this race, Owen?

0:21:140:21:18

-Um, yes.

0:21:180:21:20

-Good, that's the right answer.

0:21:200:21:22

-Did you enjoy it?

0:21:220:21:23

-Um, yes.

0:21:240:21:26

-How far did you have to run?

0:21:260:21:29

-How far did you have to run?

-

-1km.

0:21:290:21:31

-How often have you been training,

-Cai?

0:21:320:21:34

-Three times a week.

0:21:340:21:36

-The three races include a fun run,

-the 5km and 10km...

0:21:390:21:45

-..which goes through the heart

-of the Cors Caron Nature Reserve.

0:21:450:21:50

-You ran the 5km race but how was it?

0:21:520:21:54

-Very good, thank you.

0:21:550:21:56

-You did it in an incredible time.

0:21:560:21:59

-Yes, we did it in 24 minutes.

0:21:590:22:02

-Have you been training hard?

0:22:030:22:05

-Have you been training hard?

-

-No.

0:22:050:22:06

-What about Dad?

0:22:060:22:09

-I haven't been running for five

-years so this was a real challenge.

0:22:090:22:14

-The 5km race has just finished

-so it's time for the 10km race...

0:22:160:22:20

-..which features Arwel's Angels.

0:22:210:22:23

-This is the man behind that club

-but why did you form Arwel's Angels?

0:22:240:22:30

-We wanted to get more people

-involved in local events.

0:22:300:22:34

-We saw Alfie's Angels on television

-doing the Cardiff Half Marathon...

0:22:340:22:39

-..and were inspired to do something

-similar in Tregaron.

0:22:390:22:43

-We signed up for the running

-before Christmas.

0:22:430:22:48

-Our aim was to complete a 5km

-and do the 10km race today.

0:22:490:22:53

-We meet every Sunday at 8.30am at

-Cors Caron or the leisure centre.

0:22:540:22:59

-We started by running a mile...

0:23:000:23:04

-..but Arwel set up a timetable

-so that we could today's 10km race.

0:23:040:23:10

-It's the big day so are you

-confident, excited or nervous?

0:23:110:23:15

-I'm both nervous and excited

-and hope I do the distance.

0:23:160:23:21

-They are ready for it and I'm

-confident that they'll all finish.

0:23:210:23:26

-I just hope they enjoy it

-and keep running after today.

0:23:260:23:30

-I don't want it all to end

-in the next 45 minutes!

0:23:300:23:34

-Are you enjoying it?

0:23:350:23:36

-Are you enjoying it?

-

-Yes.

0:23:360:23:37

-How are you feeling, Rhian?

0:23:370:23:38

-How are you feeling, Rhian?

-

-Shattered...I can't talk!

0:23:380:23:41

-Despite the cold conditions

-and the muddy terrain...

0:23:420:23:46

-..everyone got to the end

-in one piece!

0:23:470:23:50

-What did you think of the course?

0:23:510:23:53

-What did you think of the course?

-

-It's long and flat.

0:23:530:23:55

-It was good to be able

-to see into the distance.

0:23:550:23:59

-The cold weather didn't help.

0:23:590:24:02

-It was cold and it didn't help.

0:24:020:24:05

-But you still enjoyed it.

0:24:050:24:06

-But you still enjoyed it.

-

-Yes, it was good.

0:24:060:24:07

-It's a great feeling

-to complete a 10km race.

0:24:080:24:11

-I did struggle...

0:24:110:24:14

-..but found my momentum and

-feel great to have done it.

0:24:140:24:19

-You've grown into

-a close-knit group.

0:24:200:24:23

-We knew each other beforehand...

0:24:230:24:28

-..but are closer friends

-thanks to this.

0:24:280:24:31

-I've enjoyed it

-and want to carry on.

0:24:310:24:34

-We're proud of what we've done...

0:24:350:24:38

-..and are ready

-for the next challenge!

0:24:380:24:41

-Well done to all of those competing.

0:24:470:24:50

-Do you have a spare

-one million pounds?

0:24:510:24:54

-I certainly don't!

0:24:540:24:56

-If you do,

-you could get your hands...

0:24:570:25:00

-..on one of West Wales'

-most noble homes.

0:25:000:25:03

-Let's find out more about

-Glaspant Manor in Capel Iwan.

0:25:030:25:08

-Glaspant really is quite a place.

0:25:200:25:23

-As well as the Grade 2 listed

-manor house, there's a farm...

0:25:230:25:29

-..holiday cottages

-with seven bedrooms...

0:25:290:25:34

-..barns,

-which are used as workshops...

0:25:340:25:38

-..and a lovely lake.

0:25:380:25:40

-But if that wasn't enough, wait

-until you hear about the history.

0:25:410:25:45

-Freddie Mercury

-absolutely loved this place!

0:25:450:25:50

-The present owners have been here

-for about ten years...

0:26:030:26:07

-..but for centuries,

-until the mid 20th century...

0:26:070:26:11

-..it was the home

-of the Howell family.

0:26:110:26:15

-They were the landed gentry

-of this area.

0:26:150:26:19

-The squire of the Capel Iwan area

-would have been a Howell.

0:26:190:26:23

-He owned an farming estate

-with tenants paying rent.

0:26:230:26:27

-That would have been the source

-of his wealth.

0:26:270:26:30

-Like other families of this kind

-they were privately educated.

0:26:310:26:35

-Most of them had been Anglicized but

-the Howell family were different.

0:26:350:26:40

-They had kept hold

-of their Welshness.

0:26:410:26:44

-Henry Howell kept a diary...

0:26:440:26:47

-..which records the life

-of the family and the community...

0:26:480:26:52

-..at the end of the Victorian Age.

0:26:520:26:54

-We get to see both sides

-of the family.

0:26:550:26:59

-We meet other noblemen

-hunting with dogs.

0:26:590:27:04

-On the other hand,

-you have the gossip of Capel Iwan.

0:27:040:27:09

-Who was seeing who, who had got

-a divorce or were in trouble...

0:27:090:27:13

-..even who were ill.

0:27:130:27:16

-In the diary, you get a picture

-of everyday life in Capel Iwan.

0:27:160:27:22

-A very different owner followed

-the departure of the Howell family.

0:27:220:27:27

-Angela Lyle is from a famous family,

-Tate & Lyle, the sugar company.

0:27:270:27:32

-Her best friend, was the dazzling

-'70s character, Freddie Mercury.

0:27:330:27:38

-He started to come to stay with her

-at Glaspant.

0:27:380:27:41

-This is one of the holiday cottages.

0:27:420:27:46

-Believe it or not,

-but many years ago...

0:27:460:27:49

-..this is where Freddie Mercury

-and many other famous names...

0:27:490:27:54

-..sang and recorded.

0:27:540:27:57

-Queen and other groups...

0:27:570:27:59

-..had stayed at the world's first

-residential recording studio...

0:27:590:28:04

-..Rockfield Studios near Monmouth.

0:28:040:28:07

-Angela Lyle converted a stable

-into a studio.

0:28:070:28:11

-Freddie Mercury, Ozzy Osbourne

-and Black Sabbath, Hawkwind...

0:28:110:28:16

-..but the most famous was

-the original line-up of Genesis.

0:28:160:28:20

-The last album they recorded

-before Gabriel left the band...

0:28:210:28:25

-..was The Lamb Lies Down

-on Broadway.

0:28:250:28:27

-It went into the Top Ten globally.

0:28:280:28:30

-That album was recorded at that

-small studio in Carmarthenshire.

0:28:300:28:35

-Other people also left their mark

-on this place.

0:28:360:28:40

-For example,

-an Italian prisoner of war.

0:28:400:28:43

-In 1943, Prisoner of War,

-Carlo Fiori, Via S Gallo...

0:28:440:28:48

-..Firenze, Italia.

0:28:490:28:52

-About 1,000 Italians were held at

-the Henllan camp, ten miles away.

0:28:540:28:59

-They often helped out

-on local farms and estates.

0:28:590:29:03

-Many stayed in the area after the

-war and their families remain here.

0:29:030:29:09

-Glaspant is still an important

-part of the community.

0:29:090:29:13

-It's a very special place.

0:29:140:29:17

-Many mansions in West Wales...

0:29:170:29:19

-..have gone to ruin

-as families die out...

0:29:200:29:24

-..or have been swamped by debt.

0:29:240:29:26

-This is still here

-and it's a hidden jewel.

0:29:260:29:30

-Wow, what an incredible location.

0:29:370:29:39

-That's it for this part.

0:29:390:29:42

-After the break,

-Elin Fflur takes a tour...

0:29:430:29:46

-..of the new Ysgol Hafod Lon

-in Penrhyndeudraeth.

0:29:460:29:50

-Ieuan has some gardening tips

-for us.

0:29:500:29:53

-Go and make a quick cuppa and

-I'll see you in a few minutes.

0:29:530:29:57

-.

0:30:000:30:00

-Subtitles

0:30:030:30:03

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:30:030:30:05

-Welcome back.

0:30:080:30:09

-For decades, Ysgol Hafod Lon

-have cared for pupils...

0:30:100:30:15

-..with a wide range

-of additional needs.

0:30:150:30:18

-Since Christmas,

-the staff and pupils...

0:30:190:30:22

-..have received a new school

-building in Penrhyndeudraeth.

0:30:220:30:26

-Elin Fflur

-has been to find out more.

0:30:260:30:28

-Ysgol Hafod Lon has left Y Ffor

-and moved to Penrhyndeudraeth.

0:30:310:30:36

-It cost 13 million and

-I can't wait to have a look inside.

0:30:360:30:42

-I've only been outside and in this

-spot but it all looks incredible.

0:30:470:30:53

-Yes, we're lucky to have it and the

-children deserve these resources.

0:30:530:30:59

-Would you like to see more?

0:30:590:31:00

-Would you like to see more?

-

-Yes, I'd love to.

0:31:000:31:03

-We had one building at Y Ffor

-and it was a very happy school...

0:31:050:31:11

-..but the new resources

-are a great help.

0:31:110:31:15

-This site has a hydrotherapy pool,

-three sensory rooms...

0:31:150:31:20

-..an art room and a music room.

0:31:200:31:23

-These resources meet the needs

-of all our pupils.

0:31:240:31:27

-The sensory rooms encourage

-the staff and pupils...

0:31:310:31:35

-..to communicate and have fun.

0:31:350:31:38

-I'm sure everyone likes this room.

0:31:400:31:43

-Yes, I'd want to spend every hour

-of the day in here if I was a child.

0:31:430:31:48

-They use this room a lot at the end

-of the day and the end of the week.

0:31:490:31:54

-They can play, run around

-and burn off their energy.

0:31:550:31:59

-Your classroom can be transformed

-into a theatre.

0:32:020:32:08

-Has any other music teacher

-in the world got anything like this?

0:32:080:32:12

-You can sing for us now.

0:32:120:32:14

-You can sing for us now.

-

-It's fantastic.

0:32:140:32:15

-# La! #

0:32:160:32:17

-You've got to see this room

-that deals with rebound therapy.

0:32:210:32:25

-The children can work

-in a positive way with the staff...

0:32:250:32:30

-..whilst having fun

-and bouncing on the trampoline.

0:32:300:32:34

-Would you like a go?

0:32:340:32:35

-Would you like a go?

-

-Let me take my shoes off first!

0:32:350:32:38

-This room is incredible.

0:32:420:32:44

-Yes, we're lucky to have it.

0:32:450:32:47

-I hope people outside the school

-can use it in the evenings.

0:32:470:32:53

-What do you think

-of your new school?

0:32:560:32:59

-It's fantastic

-and gets a ten out of ten.

0:32:590:33:01

-There's more room

-and I give it ten out of ten.

0:33:030:33:06

-What's the best thing

-about this place?

0:33:080:33:10

-Mr Wyn's music room.

0:33:100:33:14

-I like singing the songs

-that Mr Wyn gives us to sing.

0:33:190:33:25

-He hasn't given us

-Harbwr Diogel yet!

0:33:250:33:30

-Do you like music?

0:33:300:33:31

-Do you like music?

-

-Yes, rock and heavy metal.

0:33:310:33:33

-What instrument do you play?

0:33:340:33:37

-What instrument do you play?

-

-The drums.

0:33:370:33:39

-Music is very important

-for the children in this school.

0:33:430:33:48

-Yes, it's important for them

-to express themselves.

0:33:490:33:53

-Music is so versatile

-and enables them to do that.

0:33:530:33:59

-They might not be able to speak but

-can play a drum or other instrument.

0:33:590:34:05

-It's incredible...

0:34:050:34:08

-..to be able to give them a means

-of communication.

0:34:080:34:12

-# Saint Dwynwen #

0:34:120:34:20

-It's an incredible and amazing

-school with the latest equipment.

0:34:210:34:27

-We're now able

-to give the children...

0:34:270:34:31

-..some incredible opportunities.

0:34:320:34:35

-# We'll remember her special day #

0:34:370:34:46

-APPLAUSE

0:34:470:34:49

-That was fantastic.

0:34:500:34:51

-Good luck to the pupils

-in their new school.

0:34:520:34:56

-Next, we have gardening tips

-from our expert, Ieuan.

0:34:560:35:02

-My first job in the garden...

0:35:180:35:21

-..is to prune and discard

-these Autumn Bliss raspberry canes.

0:35:210:35:26

-This variety of raspberry fruits

-from late August to late October.

0:35:260:35:32

-You can do this after the fruition

-period between November and March...

0:35:350:35:40

-..and before

-the new growth develops.

0:35:410:35:44

-They will bear fruit again

-in late summer...

0:35:450:35:50

-..from the roots of new canes.

0:35:500:35:55

-If you don't do this...

0:36:000:36:01

-..new growth will appear

-from these old canes.

0:36:020:36:06

-Its produce will be poor...

0:36:060:36:11

-..and it will absorb any goodness...

0:36:110:36:16

-..from new growth.

0:36:170:36:18

-Eventually, it will

-wipe out the entire crop.

0:36:180:36:24

-But don't do this with raspberries

-that produce during June and July.

0:36:260:36:31

-Their fruit will only thrive on

-old canes from the previous year.

0:36:320:36:38

-Wear gloves for this job...

0:36:380:36:42

-..because the canes

-are covered in thorns.

0:36:430:36:47

-From March, we start to sow seeds.

0:36:540:36:58

-But you can sow seeds

-as early as January indoors...

0:36:590:37:03

-..and regulate temperatures

-by following the guidelines.

0:37:030:37:08

-Here are some examples.

0:37:080:37:11

-Large onions, antirrhinums,

-begonias and geraniums...

0:37:110:37:16

-..all need an extended growth

-period before their flourish.

0:37:170:37:21

-Summer Purple broccoli is edible

-as early as June...

0:37:220:37:27

-..when sowed in January.

0:37:280:37:30

-These plastic seed trays

-are durable and reusable.

0:37:310:37:37

-But give them a wash

-and disinfect thoroughly.

0:37:370:37:42

-It will prevent a condition

-called damping off...

0:37:420:37:48

-..where small, tender plants,

-rot from the root...

0:37:480:37:53

-..prior to blossoming.

0:37:530:37:56

-Use warm soapy water and a hard

-bristle brush to remove residue...

0:37:590:38:05

-..the old compost which has dried

-to the plastic.

0:38:050:38:09

-Following this,

-sterilize the tray with bleach.

0:38:100:38:15

-Soak it in a bowl with one part

-of bleach and nine parts of water.

0:38:160:38:21

-Leave it to bathe for 20 minutes.

0:38:220:38:24

-It will kill spores of fungus

-that attack smaller, tender plants.

0:38:260:38:32

-Swill the tray and leave to dry.

0:38:340:38:38

-Having filled the tray with compost,

-we are ready to sow some seeds.

0:38:510:38:55

-It's possible to use

-a multi-purpose compost...

0:38:550:39:01

-..but more seeds will bud...

0:39:010:39:05

-..by using a seed compost

-with a finer structure.

0:39:060:39:11

-This is suitable for planting

-tender lobelias and begonias.

0:39:130:39:19

-By following these guidelines

-you should have fun planting.

0:39:190:39:24

-Those were some great ideas

-from Ieuan.

0:39:290:39:32

-It's time for a break.

0:39:320:39:35

-In the final part...

0:39:350:39:37

-..Daf Wyn visits a glass factory

-in Pembrokeshire.

0:39:370:39:42

-We'll also have

-your seasonal photographs.

0:39:430:39:47

-See you in a few minutes.

0:39:470:39:49

-.

0:39:520:39:52

-Subtitles

0:39:550:39:55

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:39:550:39:57

-Welcome back.

0:40:000:40:02

-The Derw Glass company

-of Pembrokeshire...

0:40:020:40:06

-..are about to celebrate

-a special milestone.

0:40:060:40:09

-Daf Wyn visited to the factory

-to hear more about its history...

0:40:090:40:14

-..and to join the celebrations.

0:40:140:40:16

-In North Pembrokeshire, under the

-shadow of the Preseli Mountains...

0:40:240:40:29

-..by travelling down

-the rural narrow roads...

0:40:290:40:32

-..you'll come across South Wales'

-largest glass making company.

0:40:320:40:38

-This year, Derw Glass celebrate

-their 25th anniversary.

0:40:390:40:45

-The company was established in 1992

-with just one worker.

0:40:500:40:54

-These days, a team of 90 work at the

-site in Blaenffos near Crymych...

0:40:540:40:59

-..with glass services of every image

-and colour being created here.

0:40:590:41:04

-How many items do you make daily?

0:41:180:41:20

-We do 1,200 double glazed units...

0:41:210:41:24

-..glass shelves, shower screens...

0:41:250:41:29

-..painted splashbacks

-for kitchens and bathrooms...

0:41:290:41:33

-..mirrors and bevelled mirrors.

0:41:340:41:37

-We even make windows

-for the back of a tractor.

0:41:380:41:43

-We can make anything customers need,

-but they have to be flat.

0:41:430:41:47

-We cater to our customers needs...

0:41:480:41:50

-..but we can't make

-drinking glasses.

0:41:500:41:54

-What we currently make here,

-we know we make them well.

0:41:540:41:58

-We're going to stick

-with what we can do.

0:41:590:42:02

-One of the most important machines

-is the glass cutting board.

0:42:020:42:07

-Every piece has to be perfect to the

-millimetre as asked by the customer.

0:42:070:42:12

-Luckily, there's equipment

-to guarantee this.

0:42:120:42:15

-The system is computerized.

0:42:170:42:19

-The work comes from the

-office to the table automatically.

0:42:190:42:23

-We don't have to run around,

-it all comes down to the factory.

0:42:230:42:28

-The glass is cut on this machine

-which has a diamond cutting wheel.

0:42:280:42:33

-It cuts the glass to leave the

-minimum amount of waste.

0:42:330:42:37

-This machine can cut the glass

-for 20 orders at the same time.

0:42:370:42:41

-By the end of the day, they will end

-up as double glazed unit.

0:42:420:42:46

-How long would it have taken by hand

-when you compare it to today?

0:42:460:42:51

-It would have taken at least

-seven days...

0:42:510:42:54

-..to do the work this

-machine does in a day.

0:42:540:42:58

-There is little waste and the unused

-pieces of glass are recycled.

0:42:580:43:03

-Gold and water are important

-in this business.

0:43:040:43:07

-Gold helps to transport the heavy

-pieces of glass to locations...

0:43:070:43:13

-..and the water helps to clean and

-cut the glass.

0:43:140:43:18

-Electricity is another

-special element...

0:43:180:43:22

-..and they use a lot of it.

0:43:220:43:25

-I hope you don't mind me asking, but

-the electricity bill must be big?

0:43:250:43:30

-It's around 24,000 a month...

0:43:300:43:33

-..but the machine behind us

-uses a lot.

0:43:330:43:38

-What does it do?

0:43:390:43:40

-We put the glass in

-before it is flattened...

0:43:410:43:44

-..and it's cooked

-to 700 - 800 degrees...

0:43:440:43:48

-..for around five minutes.

0:43:490:43:51

-It then comes out

-through the fans...

0:43:510:43:57

-..it has been toughened

-and squelched.

0:43:570:44:02

-There are some on their way out now.

0:44:030:44:05

-Are they hot now?

0:44:050:44:07

-Give it a test.

0:44:070:44:09

-That's solid.

0:44:090:44:12

-It can fall on the floor now

-and it won't break.

0:44:120:44:15

-There's plum, specialized pieces and

-glass digital printing made here.

0:44:200:44:25

-What are the future plans

-of the business?

0:44:250:44:29

-In the future, we hope to do more

-specialist and processed work.

0:44:290:44:33

-These days, people like to have

-things that are different.

0:44:340:44:39

-You've got a very unique business.

0:44:390:44:42

-We try our best.

0:44:420:44:44

-Every season, Heno and Prynhawn Da

-hold a photography competition.

0:44:500:44:56

-They've recently launched

-a winter photography competition.

0:44:570:45:01

-Before you enter...

0:45:010:45:02

-..let's look at some of last

-year's highlights.

0:45:030:45:06

-Over the year, we received

-hundreds of your photographs.

0:45:110:45:15

-And the wind and rain certainly

-didn't hinder you or your cameras.

0:45:150:45:20

-The 2016 winner was Emily Thomas...

0:45:240:45:27

-..with this photograph of the

-Penyfan summit on a winter morning.

0:45:270:45:31

-The sun's rising in the background.

-Beautiful!

0:45:320:45:35

-Spring had sprung

-with nature at its very best.

0:45:410:45:45

-The winner, Andrew Scourfield had

-an image that epitomizes the season.

0:45:470:45:52

-Andrew captured the shot

-in Rhandirmwyn...

0:45:560:45:59

-..with his daughter, Megan, walking

-on a trunk in a field of bluebells.

0:46:000:46:06

-The Welsh weather

-was quite calm last summer.

0:46:100:46:13

-Cari Davies found some sunshine

-abroad and won the competition...

0:46:140:46:18

-..with a parasol and sunglasses.

0:46:180:46:21

-Perfect!

0:46:210:46:22

-We were holidaying in Spain

-and I decided to take a selfie.

0:46:260:46:31

-I took the photo on my mobile phone.

0:46:310:46:33

-I was shocked to win

-as I've never entered before.

0:46:340:46:39

-I had the honour of judging the

-autumn photography competition.

0:46:430:46:48

-Autumn is ideal for taking photos

-with the lighting and colours.

0:46:480:46:54

-The winner was Ruth Clement

-with her snapshot near a lake.

0:46:540:46:59

-The colours and reflection

-topped it all off.

0:47:020:47:06

-Winning meant a lot to me because

-I haven't photographed for a while.

0:47:080:47:13

-I had a camera for Christmas

-and it's become more of a hobby.

0:47:130:47:18

-It certainly means a lot to me.

0:47:180:47:20

-There's still time to enter...

0:47:260:47:28

-..the Prynhawn Da and Heno

-winter photography competition.

0:47:280:47:33

-You could win an iPad or television.

0:47:330:47:35

-Send your winter photographs

-to heno@tinopolis.com

0:47:350:47:41

-Our time has come to an end.

0:47:410:47:44

-Thanks for spending the past hour

-with us.

0:47:440:47:47

-Make sure you practice your Welsh.

0:47:470:47:51

-Give it a go and

-make sure you have fun.

0:47:510:47:55

-Good morning.

0:47:550:47:57

-S4C Subtitles by Tinopolis.

0:48:140:48:16

-.

0:48:160:48:17

Golwg ar rai o eitemau diweddar y cyfresi Heno a Prynhawn Da sydd o ddiddordeb penodol i'r rhai sy'n dysgu Cymraeg. Items from Heno or Prynhawn Da of particular interest to Welsh learners.