Pennod 7 Dal Ati: Bore Da


Pennod 7

Golwg ar rai o eitemau diweddar y cyfresi Heno a Prynhawn Da sydd o ddiddordeb penodol i'r rhai sy'n dysgu Cymraeg. Items from Heno or Prynhawn Da of interest to Welsh learners.


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Transcript


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-Hello and welcome to Bore Da...

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-..on 14 May.

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-I hope you're enjoying

-the weekend...

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-..and are ready to spend

-the next hour in my company.

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-Between now and ten o'clock...

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-..we join the world's

-biggest pyjama party...

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-..to celebrate

-Mudiad Meithrin at 45.

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-Rhodri hears about the opening

-of the first Welsh primary school.

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-It's Ysgol Dewi Sant,

-here in Llanelli.

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-We sample some Cwrw Ogwen.

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-It's a new beer

-brewed in Bethesda.

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-Elin Fflur congratulates pupils

-from Ysgol Brynrefail, Llanrug.

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-They're heading to Malaysia

-to represent Wales.

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-And Tudur Phillips rounds up

-the hour with some clog dancing.

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-Yes, there's something for everyone.

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-Welcome to Bore Da.

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-2017 is the Year of Legends

-in Wales.

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-To celebrate the event...

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-..Atebol have launched

-a pack of special playing cards...

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-..which are Top Trump cards.

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-Whilst playing with them...

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-..some of our most known mythical

-characters will be brought alive.

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-We're launching our Battle Cards

-at Ysgol Gynradd Gymraeg Caerffili.

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-It's a pack of new cards

-based on Welsh legends...

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-..that were designed by Huw Aaron.

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-I'll lay them all out and you can

-choose six each for your own squad.

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-I always enjoyed card games and

-played Top Trumps when I was young.

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-They are still popular with Pokemon,

-Match Attax and Top Trumps.

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-I thought it would be great to

-have something like that in Welsh.

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-The illustrations are great...

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-..and they learn about Welsh history

-and culture whilst having fun.

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-Choose one more.

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-I hope it's the first

-of a series of packs.

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-It contains monsters

-and mythical creatures...

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-..such as mermaids,

-gnomes, giants and dragons.

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-It's like other games as you have

-statistics and battle one another.

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-Some characters are from Caerphilly

-so we came here to launch them.

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-At school today, we're learning

-about the legends of Wales.

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-We've learnt about magical creatures

-and I enjoyed it.

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-It's very creative.

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-I'm looking forward

-to playing the game at home.

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-I can't wait to play the game

-with family and friends at home.

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-The children have enjoyed learning

-about all these strange creatures.

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-They're brilliant.

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-We all know those children

-who don't like books and reading.

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-This is an original way to educate

-children about Welsh legends.

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-From today and the online responses,

-these cards really work!

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-The children are having fun whilst

-learning about their history...

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-..and the great stories

-that are part of our culture.

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-I'm sure many Welsh children

-will enjoy playing those cards.

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-It's an exciting time in Cardiff

-at the moment.

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-There is only 20 days until

-the Champions League final.

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-Welsh can be heard more than ever

-before on the streets of Cardiff.

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-Hopefully, the thousands

-who visit Cardiff for the final...

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-..will hear and witness

-the Welsh language around them.

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-It's 8.45am...

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-..and businesses across Cardiff...

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-..have gathered at The Old Library

-for a spot of breakfast...

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-..and learn the importance of

-bilingualism in the workplace.

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-This morning,

-we hosted a business breakfast.

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-It's for businesses that want to be

-bilingual in Welsh and English.

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-There are people who already do that

-in their businesses.

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-The aim is to create a network

-to support various businesses...

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-..so that they are more bilingual.

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-It's important we acknowledge that

-Wales and Cardiff are bilingual.

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-We lead bilingual lives.

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-In Cardiff, over 150 different

-languages are spoken every day.

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-Welsh speakers want to ensure that

-Cardiff is being promoted...

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-..to show that the language is being

-used and bilingual signs are seen...

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-..there are benefits to saying

-bore da, iechyd da and shwmae...

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-..and the language can be used

-on non-Welsh speakers or outsiders.

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-There's a growing demand for

-the Welsh language in our capital.

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-We need more Welsh language schools

-and there are more Welsh speakers.

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-You can hear the language being

-spoken in most cafes in Cardiff.

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-It's important for Welsh speakers

-to have the opportunity to speak it.

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-Business plays a major role

-in the life of the capital.

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-We want to show those

-working in the city...

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-..the benefits of speaking Welsh.

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-And whilst there,

-I heard some exclusive news.

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-In 37 days, the UEFA Champions

-League Final is coming to Cardiff.

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-It's the biggest sporting event

-in world in 2017 and is in Cardiff.

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-It's expected that over 250,000

-will come to Cardiff for the final.

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-UEFA is using Welsh in its branding

-which has never been done before...

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-..so it acknowledges Wales

-as being bilingual.

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-They are happy to use the word

-of "Caerdydd" all over the world.

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-It proves that Welsh is thriving

-and it's beneficial to be bilingual.

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-The response has been great

-and this is only our first meeting.

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-We're trying to build a network...

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-..so that at our next meeting, we

-can have English-only businesses...

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-..in the hope that they will

-be bilingual in the future.

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-Thanks to everyone for the welcome

-at The Old Library.

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-Last Tuesday, Mudiad Meithrin held

-the world's biggest pyjama party.

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-The party was organized to mark

-Mudiad Meithrin's 45th birthday.

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-Gerallt joined the celebrations.

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-Yes, it's been a day full of fun,

-laughter and pyjamas...

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-..at the Ardwyn Nursery and Infants

-School in Welshpool.

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-The Mudiad Meithrin officers

-are delighted with the party.

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-You've had a lot of fun here today.

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-Yes, and this is one of

-many parties in Wales.

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-We're delighted that almost everyone

-is here in their pyjamas.

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-I haven't worn pyjamas

-since I was seven years old...

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-..and having my tonsils out at the

-Caernarfon and Anglesey Infirmary!

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-This is the closest thing

-I have to pyjamas so will it do?

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-Not quite, but you'll get a sticker

-for contributing to the day.

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-We're taking this very seriously.

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-We need 2,005 people

-in their pyjamas today.

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-Sorry, you don't count but thank

-you for coming to support us.

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-There are similar parties

-taking place across Wales.

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-Yes, and we've received photographs

-via our Twitter and Facebook pages.

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-Twitter has gone nuts today...

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-..with people sending

-us their photographs.

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-What's been happening

-in Welshpool this morning?

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-We had a dance class

-with Dewin in his pyjamas...

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-..to make sure he was fully awake.

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-Over 40 children took part in that.

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-There's a storytelling corner

-and an area for arts and crafts.

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-The children enjoyed celebrating

-the work of the Mudiad Meithrin.

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-Meeting Dewin

-was a highlight for them.

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-Yes, and his pyjamas are very smart.

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-The children were delighted

-to see Dewin in his pyjamas.

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-The aim of Mudiad Meithrin is for

-children to play during the day.

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-They should be read to at night

-by an adult...

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-..and we highlight the importance

-of a good night's sleep.

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-I'd like to you wait here whilst

-I chat to some important people.

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-Laura Jones is the deputy head at

-Ardwyn Nursery and Infants School.

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-It's a great day and a shame

-that you don't have this every day.

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-Yes, and it's an exciting day

-for us.

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-What's happening

-before you move from here?

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-Four of the schools

-in Welshpool are closing.

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-The authority is creating

-two new schools.

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-One is Welsh

-and the other is English.

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-It's a very exciting time.

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-Let's hear from these two

-who were at the party.

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-Who's on your pyjamas, Keiran?

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-Who's on your pyjamas, Keiran?

-

-Ninja Turtles.

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-Are you happy to be in your pyjamas

-at this party?

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-Yes.

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-Tell me about your

-colourful pyjamas, Maisie.

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-Rainbow Dash.

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-Have you had a good day in the

-party, had fun and enjoyed a story?

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-Yes.

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-It's wonderful to see them

-enjoying themselves...

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-..and you're looking forward to the

-exciting developments in Welshpool.

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-Yes, it's exciting for the community

-and Welshpool itself.

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-This is an opportunity

-to promote the language...

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-..and increase the numbers

-in Welsh language education.

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-Thank you for the warm welcome at

-Ardwyn Nursery and Infants School.

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-We have to wait until late afternoon

-before we get the results...

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-..to see if this is

-the world's biggest pyjama party.

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-At 3.00pm,

-Dewin leaves here for Aberystwyth.

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-First, he'll open an envelope to see

-if we've broken the world record.

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-Send us your numbers before 2.30pm

-so that we can count them all.

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-We'll soon get the results of the

-biggest pyjama party in the world.

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-It's been a great day for me

-in Welshpool!

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-Yes, they broke the world record.

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-Congratulations to Mudiad Meithrin!

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-It's time for a break.

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-In the next part of the programme...

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-..we celebrate the 70th birthday

-of the first Welsh primary school.

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-And we meet little Nora.

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-Nora is the star of

-Prynhawn Da's series about mothers.

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-Join us in a couple of minutes.

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-.

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-Welcome back.

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-The first Welsh primary school

-opened its doors 70 years ago.

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-Ysgol Dewi Sant

-is located here in Llanelli.

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-Rhodri Davies went to reminisce.

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-Early March in 1947 saw heavy snow,

-shortages and a time of anxiety...

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-..but it was also

-a revolutionary time in Wales.

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-The Education Act of 1944

-was led by Rab Butler.

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-Parents could choose their child's

-education on the basis of religion.

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-People in Llanelli,

-and my mother chaired a group...

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-..felt they should be able to choose

-education on the basis of language.

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-They won the right to form the

-basis of a new Welsh medium school.

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-Sir Ifan ab Owen Edwards established

-a Welsh school in Aberystwyth.

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-The important step was to get

-funding from a county council.

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-On his third birthday

-on St David's Day in 1947...

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-..Deian Hopkin joined 33 children

-at the school in Seion Chapel.

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-The teachers and headmistress

-were integral to its success.

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-Ysgol Dewi Sant

-wasn't like any other school.

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-Miss Olwen Williams

-wasn't just the headmistress...

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-..but was linked with nationalism

-and was friends with Saunders Lewis.

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-The other local schools

-had trips to Barry Island...

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-..but we visited D J Williams

-in Fishguard.

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-It produced Welsh speakers and

-those who took pride in the nation.

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-It was important to get the right

-teaching staff to start the school.

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-Ysgol Dewi Sant was lucky to have

-the leadership of Olwen Williams...

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-..who was a pure genius.

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-You also had Inez Thomas

-and many other teachers...

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-..who were fundamentally dedicated

-to this as it wasn't just a job.

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-Llanelli was the biggest Welsh town

-in Wales...

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-..not in terms of percentages

-as we look to Caernarfon for that...

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-..but in terms of the numbers

-as it was a large, industrial town.

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-The residents spoke their own

-version of the Welsh language...

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-..and used different Welsh terms

-for the market, trees and birds.

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-It was a part of it all.

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-The relationship between the

-teachers, parents and pupils...

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-..was both permanent and strong.

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-A few years ago,

-I was speaking in Llanelli.

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-A gentleman in his nineties was

-present and I knew him as Mr Thomas.

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-He had kept one of my first

-books of essays from 1970...

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-..and gave it to me.

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-It includes the first story

-that I wrote.

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-"The snow fell like feathers forming

-a gentle blanket over the garden.

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-"The birds started tweeting."

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-There are references to writing and

-you could see that I'd be an author.

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-How could someone who grew up

-in a small house in Pwll...

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-..go on to study English

-in Cambridge?

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-It's because of Ysgol Dewi Sant and

-its high standards in everything.

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-Ysgol Dewi Sant is an example of

-a school with dedicated parents.

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-It was easy to say

-that it would fail.

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-These parents

-weren't wealthy or professionals...

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-..but they had this vision to have

-something new for their children.

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-We're standing in Cardiff that saw

-Welsh primary schools from 1949...

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-..at Ninian Park Primary School

-with nine pupils.

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-It has flourished and there are

-now schools all over the city...

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-..with hundreds of pupils

-learning Welsh.

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-Where did it all start?

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-It was an experiment by Ysgol Dewi

-Sant to spread the Welsh language.

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-It planted the seed

-that would flower and flourish...

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-..forming generations

-who enjoyed the Welsh language.

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-It would be an essential part

-of their lives as adults.

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-Happy birthday to Ysgol Dewi Sant.

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-Bethesda is our next stop today.

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-A group of locals

-have produced a brand-new beer.

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-The beer is called Cwrw Ogwen.

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-Gerallt went to sample it

-and wish the venture all the best.

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-Parry Chemist was a pharmacy

-at 5 Ogwen Terrace in Bethesda.

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-However, these friends have swapped

-the pill bottles for beer bottles...

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-..as their first brew

-is ready to be sampled.

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-Why did you decide to establish

-a brewery in the Ogwen Valley?

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-There used to be a brewing tradition

-at the King's Head, 100 years ago.

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-They brewed their own traditional

-beer on Bethesda's high street.

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-We decided to just go for it

-and we hope to start employing soon.

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-In the future, we hope to expand and

-take over a company like Heineken!

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-Until last summer,

-I was a chemistry teacher.

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-I joined the venture

-as I have a chemistry background.

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-I'm responsible for all the

-scientific aspects of brewing.

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-I also order the ingredients

-that are needed to make beer.

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-These hops are a vital part

-as they give beer its bitter taste.

0:19:520:19:58

-It's wonderful to be here

-and contribute to the community.

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-We're transferring hot water

-to sprinkle over the barley.

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-The hot water will filter

-down through the barley...

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-..to raise the sugar

-and goodness from the barley.

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-We'll then rapidly cool the barley

-and move it into the fermenter.

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-That's where the beer will ferment

-until it's ready to be barrelled.

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-The first variety that we've

-brewed in Bethesda is Cwrw Caradog.

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-It's been named after

-the famous, Caradog Prichard.

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-His novel, Un Nos Ola Leuad is

-one of the best ever Welsh novels.

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-We're grateful to the family...

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-..for allowing us to use his face

-and name for our first brew.

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-J Elwyn Hughes

-is familiar with every aspect...

0:21:040:21:07

-..of Caradog Prichard's

-literary work and private life.

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-It's a new chapter

-in the history of the Ogwen Valley.

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-What would Caradog Prichard

-think of this new beer?

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-He would be thrilled

-and would consider it an honour...

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-..to have a beer that's been brewed

-in the Ogwen Valley named after him.

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-His daughter, Mari

-has allowed them...

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-..to name this beer after Caradog.

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-This is the first time I've

-offered beer samples in Bethesda!

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-Take it easy,

-it's only mid-afternoon!

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-It's very good.

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-Would you like to sample the beer?

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-Would you like to sample the beer?

-

-Yes, please.

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-Yes, please.

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-You can tell me what you think.

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-It's nice.

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-It's OK.

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-It's got quite a kick.

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-Cheers!

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-Cheers and good luck to the brewery.

0:22:240:22:27

-A new series

-has started on Prynhawn Da.

0:22:280:22:31

-The series is called Mothers.

0:22:310:22:34

-Sarah Louise will appear on

-the programme every week...

0:22:340:22:38

-..to chat about her experience of

-being a mother to Nora who's one.

0:22:380:22:42

-Let's meet Sarah and Nora

-and also hear some advice.

0:22:430:22:48

-Welcome to programme.

0:22:490:22:51

-Welcome to programme.

-

-Hello, thanks for having us.

0:22:510:22:53

-Little Nora

-is sitting on the floor.

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-She's busy staring at me

-but is behaving herself.

0:22:570:23:00

-Congratulations on having Nora.

0:23:000:23:03

-She's so beautiful.

0:23:030:23:05

-How old is Nora?

0:23:060:23:09

-How old is Nora?

-

-Nora turns one next week.

0:23:090:23:11

-Is she a good girl?

0:23:110:23:13

-Is she a good girl?

-

-Yes, she is - so far!

0:23:130:23:15

-She sleeps well at the moment.

0:23:150:23:17

-You obviously love being a mother.

0:23:180:23:21

-Take us back to over a year ago,

-to the time of your pregnancy.

0:23:210:23:26

-Was it what you expected?

-Did you find it easy or difficult?

0:23:260:23:30

-I enjoyed my pregnancy.

0:23:300:23:32

-Nora was a surprise pregnancy,

-so she wasn't planned.

0:23:320:23:36

-I enjoyed every moment

-of being pregnant.

0:23:360:23:39

-I loved the maternity-wear.

0:23:390:23:43

-Were you ever poorly?

0:23:430:23:45

-I was a little poorly at the start.

0:23:450:23:48

-But I felt fine, it passed,

-and I dealt with it.

0:23:480:23:52

-I was still able to work,

-so it was OK.

0:23:520:23:55

-I got a little fed up

-towards the end.

0:23:550:23:58

-She was a week overdue

-and I felt enormous.

0:23:580:24:01

-I couldn't do anything, it was

-getting warmer and I was fed up.

0:24:020:24:07

-But on the whole,

-I really enjoyed my pregnancy.

0:24:070:24:11

-How old were you?

0:24:110:24:12

-How old were you?

-

-I was 21.

0:24:120:24:14

-Did you receive any advice,

-or people telling you what to do?

0:24:140:24:18

-Yes, people were old-fashioned

-and told me to do this and that.

0:24:180:24:23

-I got a lot of good advice.

0:24:230:24:25

-The best advice was from my husband.

0:24:250:24:29

-He was the same age as me

-and having his first child.

0:24:290:24:32

-He told me not to listen to anyone.

0:24:320:24:35

-She's our baby

-and she's her own person.

0:24:350:24:41

-She isn't like other babies,

-or like someone else's baby.

0:24:410:24:47

-That was the best advice I received.

0:24:470:24:49

-We stuck to this advice.

0:24:490:24:53

-We just followed what Nora wanted

-to do and what made Nora content.

0:24:530:24:58

-When she'd wake at 5.00am,

-I was told to leave her cry.

0:24:580:25:02

-That was the best advice ever!

0:25:030:25:05

-She was still crying

-three hours later!

0:25:050:25:09

-I was told to leave her

-fall back to sleep...

0:25:100:25:13

-..but she'd never

-fall back to sleep.

0:25:140:25:17

-Did you ever refer

-to websites and books?

0:25:170:25:24

-You were obviously going

-to look at a few of them.

0:25:240:25:28

-I went online quite a few times.

0:25:280:25:31

-There were lots of

-different people online...

0:25:310:25:36

-..who had plenty of advice to share.

0:25:360:25:39

-Whereas a book only has the advice

-of one or two individuals.

0:25:390:25:44

-There's only one opinion and it

-felt like they were preaching.

0:25:440:25:48

-But what if it didn't work

-and what other options did I have.

0:25:490:25:53

-There were many contributors online

-who offered other options.

0:25:540:25:58

-Searching online

-was a great help for me.

0:25:580:26:01

-Have you contributed in any way

-following a year of experience?

0:26:020:26:06

-Have you been offering advice?

0:26:060:26:08

-Friends who are the same age as me

-have had babies at the same time.

0:26:080:26:15

-We're all completely different.

0:26:150:26:17

-We took Nora

-on our skiing honeymoon.

0:26:170:26:21

-Everyone was wondering

-what on earth we were doing.

0:26:210:26:25

-She's almost one

-and you're taking her skiing!

0:26:250:26:29

-But we really enjoyed.

0:26:290:26:31

-Friends or people online can advise

-you about taking babies on a plane.

0:26:310:26:38

-It's nice to give someone

-advice on it.

0:26:390:26:42

-That's why we want viewers

-to get in touch with us...

0:26:420:26:46

-..and ask about raising babies.

0:26:460:26:49

-I'm going through it

-and can offer advice.

0:26:500:26:54

-If there are viewers who are new

-to motherhood or are expecting...

0:26:540:26:59

-..contact us with your questions.

0:26:590:27:01

-Ask me anything.

0:27:020:27:03

-I'm a Rhondda girl

-and I will answer anything!

0:27:030:27:08

-What's your husband's name?

0:27:080:27:09

-What's your husband's name?

-

-Luke.

0:27:090:27:11

-Has your circle of friends changed

-since Nora came along?

0:27:110:27:15

-Yes.

0:27:150:27:16

-This happened to us

-and it was quite strange.

0:27:170:27:20

-Yes, we've got more friends

-who are two and three years old!

0:27:200:27:25

-We socialize with other families

-with children the same age as Nora.

0:27:260:27:31

-We're able to do different things

-instead of going shopping!

0:27:310:27:37

-We enjoy going to Jungle Jims

-and swimming.

0:27:370:27:40

-Your life completely changes,

-but it's for the best.

0:27:410:27:44

-You can also support each other.

0:27:440:27:47

-You need your friends

-and people should write in.

0:27:470:27:50

-What type of things should

-people get in contact about?

0:27:500:27:55

-You were unsure of things.

0:27:550:27:57

-When you're pregnant,

-you don't know what to expect.

0:27:570:28:02

-A viewer might not share

-the same experience as me.

0:28:020:28:07

-But it's great to have some kind of

-idea on what the birth will be like.

0:28:070:28:14

-Advice on feeding,

-sleeping and walking...

0:28:150:28:20

-..or things like that.

0:28:200:28:21

-When Nora started to eat solids

-I didn't know what to give her.

0:28:220:28:27

-I still use Google to find out if

-she can eat salmon and other foods.

0:28:270:28:32

-In case you're wondering...

0:28:330:28:35

-..Nora is in safe hands with

-our floor manager, Rhiannon!

0:28:350:28:39

-Our thanks to Sarah

-and the star of the show, Nora.

0:28:390:28:42

-It's time for a break.

0:28:430:28:44

-Still to come this morning...

0:28:440:28:46

-..we join a mountain rescue team

-in the Brecon Beacons.

0:28:470:28:50

-We also celebrate Cartoonist Day

-with some of our finest cartoonists.

0:28:510:28:57

-Don't go far!

0:28:580:29:00

-.

0:29:040:29:04

-Welcome back.

0:29:120:29:14

-With the days getting longer

-and the sun is shining...

0:29:140:29:17

-..nothing beats roaming

-the Welsh mountainside.

0:29:180:29:21

-Mountain rescue teams work hard...

0:29:210:29:24

-..to ensure we all

-have a safe journey.

0:29:250:29:29

-One of these teams

-are in the Brecon Beacons.

0:29:290:29:33

-Owain recently spent

-a day in their company.

0:29:330:29:39

-There are nine mountain rescue teams

-in Wales.

0:29:420:29:46

-The Central Beacons

-Mountain Rescue Team...

0:29:460:29:49

-..has had its busiest year

-since establishing in 1963.

0:29:500:29:54

-We've received 55 calls

-up until now.

0:29:540:29:57

-When we established the team,

-we only received 80 calls a year.

0:29:570:30:03

-There's been an increase

-in our demand...

0:30:030:30:06

-..and I'm sure the demand for

-our service will continue to rise.

0:30:060:30:11

-It's 8.00am on a Sunday

-and it's a team training day.

0:30:110:30:14

-They're preparing to rescue

-someone stranded on Beacons.

0:30:140:30:18

-I've volunteered to help

-so I hope I can be of some use.

0:30:180:30:21

-My mentor is an experienced member

-of the mountain rescue team...

0:30:220:30:26

-..and also the deputy team leader,

-Huw Lloyd Jones.

0:30:270:30:31

-After 35 years of service, he made

-the Queen's New Year honours list.

0:30:310:30:38

-The letter arrived through the

-letterbox at the end of November.

0:30:380:30:42

-I had to read the letter

-about four times...

0:30:420:30:45

-..to make sure it was saying

-what I thought it was saying.

0:30:460:30:49

-I was really bowled over by it

-and quite humbled...

0:30:490:30:53

-..at the fact that somebody thought

-enough of the work that we do...

0:30:530:30:57

-..to nominate me

-as part of the award.

0:30:570:31:00

-More people are heading outdoors

-to enjoy themselves.

0:31:000:31:04

-It's easy to suffer

-from an accident up here.

0:31:050:31:11

-Sometimes people don't prepare

-for the weather that's forecast.

0:31:110:31:18

-When you're up here...

0:31:190:31:22

-..it takes a while

-for the rescuers to reach you.

0:31:230:31:27

-Who comes to rescue us

-if we get lost?

0:31:350:31:40

-I haven't got a clue where we are!

0:31:400:31:43

-I needn't worry

-as I'm in the best possible hands.

0:31:440:31:48

-I just hope there isn't

-too much walking involved.

0:31:480:31:53

-After three hours

-of walking and searching...

0:31:540:31:58

-..we've found the patient who fell

-and injured his back and neck.

0:31:580:32:03

-The team is taking care of him

-before they take him to the van.

0:32:030:32:07

-We have the kit needed

-to conduct water rescues.

0:32:090:32:15

-We also have the skills to aid

-the police in any type of searches.

0:32:150:32:22

-Those searches could take place

-anywhere in South and North Wales.

0:32:220:32:29

-In these conditions...

0:32:300:32:33

-..you need the correct footwear,

-warm clothing...

0:32:330:32:37

-..food, water

-and a fully-charged mobile phone.

0:32:370:32:44

-We're searching for new volunteers

-to join our team.

0:32:440:32:48

-Our rescue team is very busy...

0:32:480:32:52

-..so we're recruiting new

-and experienced volunteers.

0:32:530:32:58

-We'll be able to teach you all the

-skills you need if you volunteer.

0:32:580:33:04

-I've helped the team and

-rescued someone from the mountain.

0:33:060:33:10

-It's time for my cuppa whilst I

-leave the rest to the professionals.

0:33:110:33:15

-Yes, mountain rescue teams

-perform very important work.

0:33:210:33:26

-Recently, it was

-International Cartoonists Day.

0:33:260:33:29

-Creating cartoons

-dates back to the 19th century.

0:33:300:33:34

-It's still as popular as ever.

0:33:340:33:37

-Our cameras celebrated the day with

-some of Wales' finest cartoonists.

0:33:380:33:44

-I started as a cartoonist

-when I was in school.

0:33:490:33:52

-I realized that I had some talent

-and better than the others.

0:33:530:33:59

-I didn't turn professional

-until I was 30.

0:33:590:34:04

-You need an understanding of life...

0:34:040:34:08

-..as a good cartoonist

-needs to do more than just sketch.

0:34:090:34:12

-I've always enjoyed sketching

-and it was my way of communicating.

0:34:160:34:22

-I did an art class after graduating

-and wasn't very good with paint...

0:34:230:34:27

-..so did cartoons which was the way

-I expressed myself...

0:34:280:34:33

-..and Rala Rwdins was born!

0:34:330:34:35

-In the early days,

-my influences were Tony Hart...

0:34:370:34:43

-..and Art Attack in the 1990s.

0:34:430:34:46

-A lot of those programmes could be

-watched by parents and children.

0:34:460:34:53

-I've got a lot of influences

-as I like reading graphic novels...

0:34:560:35:00

-..Japanese cartoons and cartoons

-that have a touch of humour.

0:35:010:35:08

-It has little characters and sayings

-which I like to include myself.

0:35:080:35:14

-It has changed a lot

-from when I started out.

0:35:170:35:22

-I'd post my cartoons

-in the early days.

0:35:220:35:25

-It could take two days for a cartoon

-to get to the papers.

0:35:250:35:31

-I do a lot of things for weddings

-or gifts for friends.

0:35:320:35:37

-It's unique and personal.

0:35:370:35:39

-I've also done caricatures for local

-rugby clubs and people who retire.

0:35:400:35:47

-In terms of writing a story,

-I see it visually in cartoon-form.

0:35:480:35:54

-I do that for Rala Rwdins

-and write the story afterwards.

0:35:540:36:00

-It helps to encourage children

-to write.

0:36:010:36:05

-This is a natural medium

-for children.

0:36:050:36:09

-You form a character by drawing

-a face with eyes and a random nose.

0:36:090:36:14

-The ideas start to form

-after they have created the face.

0:36:150:36:19

-I've seen posts by people

-who aren't the best at sketching...

0:36:220:36:27

-..but have doodled and uploaded it

-to Facebook and Twitter.

0:36:280:36:33

-It's seen by thousands

-so it's a fantastic platform.

0:36:340:36:37

-Cartoonists Day is very important...

0:36:380:36:40

-..as it acknowledges work

-that isn't recognized in fine art.

0:36:410:36:47

-It's important to show the artwork

-that goes into making a cartoon.

0:36:470:36:54

-Yes, I love cartoons!

0:37:020:37:06

-It's an anxious time for

-many young people in Wales...

0:37:060:37:10

-..as they prepare to sit

-their GCSEs and A Levels.

0:37:100:37:15

-If you're one of them...

0:37:150:37:17

-..don't worry as we've got some

-useful advice from Siwan Jobbins.

0:37:180:37:22

-You've researched on our behalf.

0:37:230:37:26

-You've found some useful things

-that can help people to study.

0:37:260:37:30

-There are an abundance of apps

-and websites.

0:37:310:37:34

-As a parent you feel helpless.

0:37:340:37:38

-There's a lot more available

-than when I was studying.

0:37:390:37:42

-Visit websites

-and download the apps.

0:37:430:37:46

-My first port of call

-is always the WJEC website.

0:37:460:37:50

-It provides details of the exams.

0:37:500:37:54

-It also shows the number of

-marks for each examination.

0:37:540:37:58

-Your child may feel stressed

-when the paper is only worth 20%.

0:37:580:38:03

-Worry about the papers

-that are worth higher marks.

0:38:030:38:07

-You can guide them

-through the process.

0:38:070:38:10

-Youngsters who share

-this information with me...

0:38:110:38:15

-..tend to follow various apps.

0:38:160:38:18

-My family struggles

-with Mathematics...

0:38:190:38:22

-..and there's a special website

-available that can assist you...

0:38:220:38:27

-..called wolframalpha.com

0:38:280:38:31

-This is an answer engine

-rather than a search engine.

0:38:310:38:35

-When typing a question into Google,

-it'll take you to certain websites.

0:38:350:38:41

-But Wolframalpha provides you

-with the answers.

0:38:410:38:48

-It also includes

-mathematical algorithms.

0:38:480:38:51

-If you're studying

-Mathematics or Computers...

0:38:510:38:54

-..you can prove the answer

-of the question.

0:38:550:38:57

-It's available via a website,

-IOS, Android and Kindle Fire.

0:38:570:39:02

-It's something that's mobile.

0:39:020:39:04

-The clock is ticking,

-so what about literature?

0:39:050:39:08

-There's a website called Shmoop for

-those studying English literature.

0:39:090:39:14

-It features clips from novels

-and dramas for GCSE and A Levels.

0:39:140:39:18

-It's got everything.

0:39:180:39:20

-It includes A Level Hamlet

-and A View From A Bridge.

0:39:200:39:23

-There's a series of videos

-that tell the story...

0:39:240:39:27

-..but there are

-questions to answer...

0:39:270:39:30

-..references to quotes and themes.

0:39:300:39:32

-It's got everything

-and is similar to Bitesize.

0:39:330:39:37

-Bitesize has everything

-in Welsh and English...

0:39:370:39:40

-..and is the only

-Welsh language resource.

0:39:410:39:43

-It features clips,

-questions and quizzes.

0:39:440:39:49

-What about languages?

0:39:490:39:52

-There are a lot of language apps

-available.

0:39:520:39:55

-People of all ages learn languages.

0:39:550:39:58

-Duolingo is the most common one,

-especially among Welsh learners.

0:39:580:40:03

-The app is also free.

0:40:030:40:05

-It asks you to answer

-a series of questions...

0:40:050:40:08

-..to find out

-which level suits you...

0:40:080:40:11

-..and you learn

-from this level upwards.

0:40:110:40:13

-It's available on an app

-and on a website.

0:40:140:40:16

-It's handy to have on your phone

-and available whenever you need it.

0:40:160:40:21

-There are Welsh exams next week.

0:40:210:40:23

-Welsh Language exams

-on Tuesday and Thursday.

0:40:230:40:26

-Bitesize provides plenty of

-resources for Welsh Language...

0:40:270:40:31

-..from how to answer questions

-from narrative writing to grammar.

0:40:310:40:36

-It's worth checking out Bitesize.

0:40:360:40:39

-Thanks for giving us

-plenty of information.

0:40:390:40:42

-I hope I remember everything!

0:40:420:40:45

-I hope I remember everything!

-

-There's a quiz later!

0:40:450:40:47

-Thank you.

0:40:480:40:49

-Thank you, Siwan.

0:40:500:40:51

-Good luck to everyone

-who is sitting exams.

0:40:520:40:55

-That's it for now, but in the

-final part of the programme...

0:40:550:40:59

-..we congratulate pupils

-from Ysgol Brynrefail...

0:40:590:41:03

-..who will represent Wales

-in Malaysia.

0:41:030:41:06

-And we enjoy some clog dancing

-from Tudur Phillips.

0:41:060:41:11

-I'll see you back here

-in a couple of minutes.

0:41:110:41:14

-.

0:41:190:41:19

-Welcome back.

0:41:260:41:28

-A group of pupils from

-Ysgol Brynrefail in Llanrug...

0:41:280:41:32

-..have placed the school

-and Wales on the map.

0:41:320:41:35

-They've just won a competition

-to design a Formula 1 racing car.

0:41:350:41:40

-The next round is held in Malaysia.

0:41:400:41:42

-Elin Fflur wished the pupils

-all the best.

0:41:420:41:47

-Imagine sitting in a classroom with

-others brainstorming a special idea.

0:41:520:41:59

-That idea wins a national award and

-enters a global contest in Malaysia.

0:41:590:42:06

-This amazing story came true

-for six girls at Ysgol Brynrefail.

0:42:060:42:12

-The competition involved designing a

-Formula 1 model car measuring 25cm.

0:42:160:42:22

-It has to race on a 20 metre track.

0:42:230:42:25

-This engineering competition

-entailed hard work and guidelines.

0:42:260:42:30

-They have to address experts,

-produce a body of work...

0:42:310:42:35

-..and create a team identity,

-so it involves a lot of work.

0:42:350:42:40

-First, we appointed roles so that

-everyone knew what they were doing.

0:42:410:42:49

-We drew many sketches to find out

-what works and what is the fastest.

0:42:490:42:58

-How did you race the car?

0:43:020:43:04

-We raced it on a 20 metre track with

-a gas canister against another team.

0:43:050:43:12

-We pressed a button to record

-the best reaction time.

0:43:120:43:18

-To get an idea of its speed, the car

-travelled 20 metres in 1.28 seconds.

0:43:190:43:27

-In an hour, it can cover

-88 kilometres or 55 miles.

0:43:270:43:34

-The portfolio and raising funds

-is just as relevant as the speed.

0:43:340:43:40

-It's entailed a lot of work for us.

0:43:420:43:45

-We're girls

-and are not meant to be engineers...

0:43:450:43:50

-..but it's important to do this

-and challenge the stereotype.

0:43:500:43:56

-The most challenging aspect was the

-presentation in front of the judges.

0:44:000:44:06

-The presentation was tough,

-but so was competition as a whole.

0:44:060:44:13

-We were judged by professionals

-who specialize in these fields.

0:44:130:44:20

-We had to know everything to show

-our understanding of engineering.

0:44:210:44:28

-We turned to local businesses

-for support so we could buy paint.

0:44:320:44:38

-We needed money for paint, uniforms,

-displays and to cover travel costs.

0:44:380:44:43

-It's been amazing and I don't think

-any of us expected to get this far.

0:44:440:44:49

-It's great that a small Welsh crew

-have made it into the world finals.

0:44:490:44:54

-They head to Malaysia in October

-for the Formula 1 in Schools Final.

0:44:570:45:05

-Falcon Force has mountain of work

-to do but they're ready for it.

0:45:050:45:10

-How did you come up with the name

-of Falcon Force?

0:45:100:45:15

-We did some research

-into the speed of animals...

0:45:150:45:18

-..and the falcon

-is one of the fastest fliers.

0:45:180:45:23

-We incorporated the wing-shape

-of the falcon into the car...

0:45:240:45:29

-..and thought of a slick and simple

-title and we came up with force.

0:45:290:45:34

-There's a lot of work ahead of you

-before travelling to Malaysia.

0:45:340:45:38

-Yes, there's a great deal of work.

0:45:380:45:42

-Hopefully, a sponsor is watching

-to help us get to Malaysia.

0:45:420:45:46

-There's girl power at Brynrefail

-and I wish you all the best, girls.

0:45:470:45:53

-Thank you!

0:45:530:45:56

-Yes, good luck to you, girls!

0:46:030:46:06

-We've got some dancing for you now.

0:46:070:46:09

-No, don't worry, I'm not dancing!

0:46:090:46:11

-It's Tudur Phillips.

0:46:120:46:13

-Tudur has won numerous

-clog dancing competitions.

0:46:140:46:19

-After watching this,

-you'll understand why.

0:46:190:46:22

-He's very talented. Thanks, Tudur.

0:47:300:47:33

-That's it from me this morning.

0:47:330:47:35

-Dal Ati continues after the break

-with a new series called Codi Pac.

0:47:350:47:41

-I'll be back

-at the same time next week.

0:47:410:47:44

-Until then, practice your Welsh.

0:47:450:47:48

-It's important to try

-and have fun whilst doing it.

0:47:480:47:52

-A very good morning to you all.

0:47:520:47:54

-S4C Subtitles by Tinopolis

0:48:110:48:13

-.

0:48:130:48:14

Golwg ar rai o eitemau diweddar y cyfresi Heno a Prynhawn Da sydd o ddiddordeb penodol i'r rhai sy'n dysgu Cymraeg. Items from Heno or Prynhawn Da of interest to Welsh learners.