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Mon, 08 Jan 2018

Bydd Daloni yn Llyndy Isaf yn siarad â Teleri Fielden am ei thri mis cyntaf yn rhedeg y fferm. Daloni visits scholarship farm Llyndy Isaf to find out how things are going for Te...


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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-A new year and new beginnings.

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-The dreams of one young farmer

-being realised in Llyndy Isaf.

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-Farming's what I always

-wanted to do.

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-As this shows, if you want

-something badly, it can happen.

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-Also on the programme,

-the Welsh Sheepdog Society...

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-..celebrates 20 years

-protecting an unique breed.

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-If we hadn't done this back in 1997,

-the breed would have disappeared.

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-From the practical to the academic.

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-How student Cain Owen

-bridges both worlds...

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-..on an university

-agricultural course.

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-They've invested heavily here.

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-They've given it to the students

-in some ways.

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-It's great to see this system.

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-You face many hurdles

-when you start farming...

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-..if you're not fortunate enough

-to inherit a farm.

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-Each year, the National Trust

-and young farmers' clubs...

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-..give one lucky individual

-the opportunity...

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-..the chance to start farming.

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-27-year-old Teleri Fielden

-from Meifod...

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-..is the latest recipient

-of the Llyndy Isaf Scholarship.

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-It's a 600-acre hill farm

-in Nant Gwynant, Snowdonia.

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-Teleri will farm here for 12 months.

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-She will receive a salary.

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-Congratulations on winning

-the scholarship, Teleri.

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-How's it going?

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-Yes, interesting.

-There's a lot to learn.

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-For me and the dog, to be honest.

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-I'm really enjoying it.

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-It's wet on Snowdonia...

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-..but I've learnt a lot

-and I have a lot more to learn.

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-What were you doing

-before you arrived here?

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-I was working with the FUW

-in their Aberystwyth offices.

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-You left a secure, full-time job

-to move and work in Llyndy Isaf.

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-You sound like Mam!

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-Yes, yes. To be honest,

-I've always wanted to farm.

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-Fair play, since I arrived here,

-my family's been very supportive.

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-I've always wanted to farm,

-Taid used to farm.

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-I worked in the industry and

-I've finally returned to farming.

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-I've always had an interest

-in the environment...

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-..agriculture in general

-and animals.

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-Everything has fitted neatly

-into place.

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-I'm enjoying it.

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-To survive on a farm

-like Llyndy Isaf...

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-..you must be able to do

-a little of everything.

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-Teleri is more than willing to face

-the daily chores on the farm.

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-Is the work never-ending?

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-It's a 600-acre farm.

-There's plenty of maintenance work.

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-This is where the cattle

-broke through.

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-This is one of the jobs on my list.

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-Patching up?

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-Patching up?

-

-Bodge job!

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-I'll hold this in place for you.

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-You must be able

-to turn your hand to everything.

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-Yes, yes.

-I don't repair fences every day.

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-It's a simple job.

-Bring the bucket and hammer out.

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-Job done.

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-I'm not going to call

-a contractor out for this.

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-If you're walking around

-checking the stock...

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-..you can see jobs that need doing.

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-I just have to remember

-to bring everything with me.

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-You live in Llyndy on your own.

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-You live in Llyndy on your own.

-

-Yes, yes.

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-Is that difficult?

-You're far from everywhere.

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-I have plenty of visitors,

-my days are busy.

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-When I was in France,

-I was in the middle of nowhere.

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-Beddgelert is nearby,

-Hafod y Llan is across the way.

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-There's a family

-in the front part of the farmhouse.

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-It's not quiet enough!

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-What did you do in France?

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-I worked on a farm

-down in the South of France.

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-I was also participating

-in a farm study and horse racing.

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-Horse racing?!

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-It was a mixed bag!

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-As a hobby or work?

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-As a hobby or work?

-

-Work.

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-That's how I paid

-for my agricultural studies.

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-They wanted someone small

-to compete in endurance racing.

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-That was additional

-to the farm work and the studies.

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-Is your future here in Wales?

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-Is your future here in Wales?

-

-Most definitely.

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-When I was in France, I had

-the opportunity to do share farming.

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-I thought long and hard about it...

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-..but I decided I wanted to be in

-Wales, I wanted to farm in Wales...

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-..I want my family close by.

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-You're so dependant on family

-and neighbours as a farmer...

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-..I wanted to do it back in Wales.

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-Friends like me who are ready

-to help you mend fences!

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-Come on, or the Welsh Black cattle

-will be through again.

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-Let's get on with it.

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-As well as keeping an eye

-on the stock and maintenance work...

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-..there are other responsibilities

-tied to the scholarship.

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-Is a lot of the work you do linked

-to conservation more than farming?

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-There's a little of everything here.

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-There's a strong emphasis

-on conservation and Llyndy.

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-In terms

-of the available habitats...

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-..there's so much

-conservation value.

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-I have a lot of work

-maintaining the walls...

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-..and making sure the sheep

-and cattle are in the right place.

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-I just keep an eye on what's going

-on, especially on the mountain.

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-How many sheep are here?

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-I have 80 sheep...

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-..and 12 cattle.

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-Most of the sheep have gone

-to be wintered.

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-I've retained a small group

-to help me practise my skills.

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-The others have come down

-from the mountain.

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-You're responsible

-for the hydro system.

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-I keep an eye on it, I make sure

-the leaves are swept away.

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-Down at the bottom,

-I also keep an eye on the turbine.

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-It's interesting to see

-how much it can power...

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-..and when I can use the dishwasher.

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-The rhododendron

-is still proving to be a problem.

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-Yes, the plants in the forest

-are the last major problem.

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-They've done a lot of work

-in the past few years...

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-..as part of the Glastir project

-to get rid of it.

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-I'm still finding places

-and I'm making a note of them.

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-I'll then go back to deal with it.

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-Teleri's enthusiasm is infectious.

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-She could have followed

-a different, easier career path...

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-..but this young woman's heart

-is in the land.

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-You're in Llyndy for the next year.

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-What do you hope to achieve

-during that time?

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-The emphasis for me is to learn...

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-..and gain the experience

-of managing something myself.

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-I'm learning, making decisions

-myself and trying things out.

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-The thing is,

-what I want is a tenancy.

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-I understand that to get a tenancy,

-I'll have to continue working too.

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-I'll have to face some challenges...

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-..but there's

-an interesting year ahead too.

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-Without sounding too much like your

-mother, as you suggested earlier...

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-..are you worried about the future?

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-Are you worried that you'll face

-more challenges next year?

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-Yes. Even if I want a tenancy,

-I'll need to invest in stock.

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-I'll need machinery.

-Very few tenancies become available.

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-There's so much uncertainty

-surrounding Brexit.

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-Yes, I am worried,

-but as this has shown...

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-..if you want something

-badly enough, it can happen.

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-And you want to farm,

-from your heart.

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-Good luck to you.

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-Good luck to Teleri

-over the next year.

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-It's time for a short break.

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-Join me, and the Welsh sheepdogs,

-a little later.

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-See you in two minutes' time.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-Welsh sheepdogs are renowned

-as the dogs of the old drovers.

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-When the Welsh Sheepdog Society

-was formed in 1997...

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-..there was concern

-about the breed's future.

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-Some feared they would disappear

-completely.

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-20 years later,

-what does the future hold for them?

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-Establishing the society

-was the Welsh sheepdog's salvation.

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-Since then, the breed

-has increased in popularity.

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-In 1997, 60 dogs were registered.

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-2,500 are registered today.

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-Recently, for the first time ever...

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-..dogs have been registered

-in Sweden and the Czech Republic.

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-John Davies, Cefn Coch farm,

-Llanilar, was there at the start.

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-Tell me the story

-about setting up the society.

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-We were looking for new blood

-to keep the old bloodline going.

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-We searched everywhere.

-Most dogs around here were related.

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-One night I phoned Huw Thomas,

-who was then working with the MLC.

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-He used to travel from farm to farm.

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-I wanted to know

-if he'd seen dogs similar to ours.

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-Huw suggested that we form a

-committee and that's how it started.

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-Huw called a committee meeting and

-50 people attended the first night.

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-They all contributed 10

-as a membership fee.

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-That's how the society began.

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-Since then, it's gone

-from strength to strength.

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-How would you sum up the strengths

-of Welsh sheepdogs?

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-They're intelligent,

-when they're out of sight...

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-..they know how to herd sheep.

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-When they're on a mountain.

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-That's right,

-and it's a trouble-free dog to own.

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-The society's former chairman

-is Huw Thomas.

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-Back in 1996, John understood that

-the dogs were becoming so rare...

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-..they were in danger

-of disappearing completely.

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-We should have realised

-a century ago...

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-..that there was a need

-to register them, but we didn't.

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-Had we not started in '97, the breed

-would have disappeared by now.

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-There are no particular

-characteristics in terms of colour.

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-No, no, they're a kaleidoscope

-of different colours.

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-In North Wales, there's a strain

-of black dogs in Merionethshire.

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-There's a hint of blue

-in the dogs in Cardiganshire.

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-There are also red dogs

-in North Wales.

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-To see them together,

-it creates a beautiful picture.

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-What's so different

-about the Welsh sheepdog?

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-When they settle at a farm,

-they know what to do.

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-I have a bitch at home,

-John trained her...

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-..she knows by the way I open

-a gate what's coming next.

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-The sheep are often in their pens

-before I've turned around.

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-As many have pointed out,

-they have brains.

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-That's important.

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-The farmer doesn't need that much

-between his ears!

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-Well, from my point of view...

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-..I'd rather see the bitch working

-than me running around!

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-On Cefn Coch farm, the family

-have always stuck with the breed.

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-Three generations

-are currently working the dogs.

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-When I was a young boy, I had Welsh

-dogs, as did my father before me.

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-My father was a shepherd

-and he kept Welsh and Scottish dogs.

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-The Welsh dogs drove the sheep.

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-My grandfather also drove sheep

-all the way to Brecon.

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-He used a Welsh dog

-to drive a large flock of sheep.

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-Once a dog completed one journey,

-he knew the way home.

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-My grandfather would jump on the

-train and the dogs would run home!

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-Hedd, you've decided to continue

-with the family tradition.

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-Why?

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-It's an ideal work dog

-and it's good company.

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-We use them on the sheep and cattle.

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-They have plenty of energy if the

-cattle are proving to be stubborn.

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-They're loud enough

-to get them moving.

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-John, this is an important breed

-for you, as a family.

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-It's nice to see that

-it's been here for such a long time.

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-That speak volumes.

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-That speak volumes.

-

-Well, yes.

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-My great-grandfather kept them.

-We've always had them on the farm.

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-They have a working purpose and they

-attract attention across the world.

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-Some went to different countries

-many years ago.

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-People are showing an interest

-in them all time.

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-The dogs are now registered

-internationally.

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-Is the future more secure now?

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-What kind of a future

-do you foresee for the breed?

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-It's good right now but we must

-work hard to keep them going.

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-We need to show them in open days

-to make people aware of them.

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-That's how we can

-keep the breed going.

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-Hedd, you're under pressure to

-continue the tradition on the farm.

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-Definitely.

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-Every farmer's son's dream is

-to follow in his father's footsteps.

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-Right now,

-I have a rich heritage to follow.

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-We'll see what comes of that.

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-Back in September,

-Daloni visited a student...

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-..preparing to study an agriculture

-course in Aberystwyth University.

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-With the first term over...

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-..let's catch up

-with Cain Owen from Anglesey.

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-This is Fferm Penglais.

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-It's not a farm.

-The campus is called Fferm Penglais.

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-The first term

-was better than I expected.

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-I settled in easily.

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-I was worried

-when I first arrived here.

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-I'm not too far from home but I

-wasn't used to being away from home.

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-It's been relatively easy to settle

-in to the campus and this site.

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-Everything's going well.

-It's a pleasure to be here.

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-The course

-isn't completely practical.

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-There's a greater

-emphasis on paperwork in farming.

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-The education we're receiving

-in our lectures...

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-..is going into greater depth,

-especially lectures about biology.

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-That will benefit us

-on our farms at home.

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-It's about finding

-the right balance.

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-Some will have a greater interest

-in the practical side...

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-..while others will concentrate

-on paperwork.

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-My brother prefers the practical

-side while I prefer paperwork.

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-There is a balance and it's nice

-that everyone is different.

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-Cain spent two years in

-Coleg Meirion Dwyfor, Glynllifon.

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-How does the university compare?

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-The first term

-was a real eye-opener.

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-It's been what I expected it to be.

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-I'm just getting used to the outline

-of all the different modules...

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-..before going

-into more detail later.

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-They're making sure everyone

-is on the same level of information.

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-The experience at Glynllifon

-has helped me with that aspect.

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-On Trawsgoed Farm, Cain has been

-learning about the dairy herd.

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-How did Cain get on

-with the evaluation?

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-We've been concentrating on the

-health and wellbeing of the animal.

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-The size and dimensions

-of the cubicles.

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-We're trying to determine if

-any injuries are caused by cubicles.

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-I liked that part of the work.

-I like assessing information.

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-It was very interesting.

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-You could improve the business

-of this farm eventually.

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-I hope so!

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-If we wanted to see one move,

-would she rise for us?

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-Here, missus, stand up for a moment.

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-Let's see you, let's see you.

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-Will you come out for us?

-Come on then, come on then.

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-There we go.

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-How do you assess movement?

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-This one looks very fit.

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-We were here to assess

-any injuries to the legs...

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-..knees and neck.

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-If there were neck injuries...

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-..it means the railings

-were too low...

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-..or they were having trouble

-rising in the cubicles.

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-You must remember that dairy cattle

-live their lives on concrete.

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-Injuries will happen.

-It's not a perfect world.

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-You've learnt all this

-in the space of one term.

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-It would be good to record

-what we've seen...

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-..and reassess them in the summer.

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-That's what I'd like to do.

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-Cain was brought up

-on a beef and sheep farm.

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-What does she think

-of dairy farming?

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-This is an experience, seeing

-this piece of machinery working.

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-You don't see this every day

-of the week.

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-It's been a substantial investment

-from the college...

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-..not only for the business but

-for the educational institution.

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-That's a challenge, for them,

-to keep up with the latest trends.

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-They want to generate success...

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-..but they also want

-to give students a good education.

0:20:150:20:19

-It's a challenge for them to ensure

-the latest resources are available.

0:20:190:20:26

-It's also practical for the business

-to be operating like this.

0:20:260:20:32

-They couldn't be

-an enterprise otherwise.

0:20:320:20:35

-They've made

-a substantial investment here.

0:20:350:20:38

-You must remember that. They've

-given that to us, as students.

0:20:390:20:43

-You wouldn't see a system

-like this every day.

0:20:430:20:47

-For students not interested in the

-dairy sector, it's an eye-opener.

0:20:470:20:53

-On Gogerddan Farm, the students have

-their final session of the term.

0:20:560:21:01

-They're measuring growth

-and evaluating crops...

0:21:010:21:04

-..as part of the Crop

-and Grassland Management module.

0:21:040:21:07

-Iwan Owen is a lecturer

-at the university.

0:21:070:21:10

-He's overseeing the session.

0:21:100:21:13

-This is the first year students'

-fifth visit to the plots.

0:21:140:21:19

-They're following the life cycles

-of the barley and wheat crops...

0:21:190:21:24

-..from the period they arrived

-in September until the end of June.

0:21:240:21:29

-This is how we reinforce the work

-from the lecture halls.

0:21:300:21:34

-They can see the crops

-growing out in the fields...

0:21:340:21:39

-..along with the weeds and diseases.

0:21:390:21:42

-What's your assessment

-of the crops on your own plot?

0:21:420:21:47

-I'm happy with it.

0:21:470:21:49

-It's been subject

-to some extreme weather recently.

0:21:490:21:54

-I'm generally satisfied

-with what I've seen.

0:21:540:21:58

-What questions have you asked?

0:21:580:22:00

-Is it established?

-Are there any weeds?

0:22:000:22:03

-Half the plot

-was left untouched intentionally...

0:22:040:22:07

-..to help students compare

-between both sections.

0:22:070:22:12

-I've just been counting

-the plants on either side...

0:22:120:22:17

-..and I've made my assessment.

0:22:170:22:20

-This is your final work

-for this term.

0:22:200:22:23

-I can't wait to see this plot

-when I come back.

0:22:240:22:27

-You'll have to think ahead

-to next term.

0:22:280:22:30

-Will you be tested on this aspect?

0:22:300:22:33

-Not in January...

0:22:340:22:36

-..but it will be part of our ongoing

-assessment work on the plots.

0:22:360:22:40

-Very interesting.

0:22:410:22:42

-Thank you very much.

0:22:420:22:44

-We'll catch up with Cain

-later in the year.

0:22:480:22:51

-That's it for this week.

0:22:510:22:53

-Next week, following

-Michael Gove's announcement...

0:22:540:22:58

-..that farm subsidies

-will continue until 2024...

0:22:590:23:03

-..we'll look at the challenge he's

-set for the future of agriculture...

0:23:040:23:10

-..as we remember that agriculture

-has been devolved to Cardiff.

0:23:100:23:16

-Plenty to discuss

-at the beginning of a new year.

0:23:160:23:20

-Until next time, goodbye.

0:23:210:23:23

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:400:23:42

-.

0:23:420:23:42

Bydd Daloni yn Llyndy Isaf yn siarad â Teleri Fielden am ei thri mis cyntaf yn rhedeg y fferm. Daloni visits scholarship farm Llyndy Isaf to find out how things are going for Teleri Fielden.