Bydd Daloni yn Llyndy Isaf yn siarad â Teleri Fielden am ei thri mis cyntaf yn rhedeg y fferm. Daloni visits scholarship farm Llyndy Isaf to find out how things are going for Te...
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-A new year and new beginnings.
-The dreams of one young farmer
-being realised in Llyndy Isaf.
-Farming's what I always
-wanted to do.
-As this shows, if you want
-something badly, it can happen.
-Also on the programme,
-the Welsh Sheepdog Society...
-..celebrates 20 years
-protecting an unique breed.
-If we hadn't done this back in 1997,
-the breed would have disappeared.
-From the practical to the academic.
-How student Cain Owen
-bridges both worlds...
-..on an university
-They've invested heavily here.
-They've given it to the students
-in some ways.
-It's great to see this system.
-You face many hurdles
-when you start farming...
-..if you're not fortunate enough
-to inherit a farm.
-Each year, the National Trust
-and young farmers' clubs...
-..give one lucky individual
-..the chance to start farming.
-27-year-old Teleri Fielden
-..is the latest recipient
-of the Llyndy Isaf Scholarship.
-It's a 600-acre hill farm
-in Nant Gwynant, Snowdonia.
-Teleri will farm here for 12 months.
-She will receive a salary.
-Congratulations on winning
-the scholarship, Teleri.
-How's it going?
-There's a lot to learn.
-For me and the dog, to be honest.
-I'm really enjoying it.
-It's wet on Snowdonia...
-..but I've learnt a lot
-and I have a lot more to learn.
-What were you doing
-before you arrived here?
-I was working with the FUW
-in their Aberystwyth offices.
-You left a secure, full-time job
-to move and work in Llyndy Isaf.
-You sound like Mam!
-Yes, yes. To be honest,
-I've always wanted to farm.
-Fair play, since I arrived here,
-my family's been very supportive.
-I've always wanted to farm,
-Taid used to farm.
-I worked in the industry and
-I've finally returned to farming.
-I've always had an interest
-in the environment...
-..agriculture in general
-Everything has fitted neatly
-I'm enjoying it.
-To survive on a farm
-like Llyndy Isaf...
-..you must be able to do
-a little of everything.
-Teleri is more than willing to face
-the daily chores on the farm.
-Is the work never-ending?
-It's a 600-acre farm.
-There's plenty of maintenance work.
-This is where the cattle
-This is one of the jobs on my list.
-I'll hold this in place for you.
-You must be able
-to turn your hand to everything.
-I don't repair fences every day.
-It's a simple job.
-Bring the bucket and hammer out.
-I'm not going to call
-a contractor out for this.
-If you're walking around
-checking the stock...
-..you can see jobs that need doing.
-I just have to remember
-to bring everything with me.
-You live in Llyndy on your own.
-You live in Llyndy on your own.
-Is that difficult?
-You're far from everywhere.
-I have plenty of visitors,
-my days are busy.
-When I was in France,
-I was in the middle of nowhere.
-Beddgelert is nearby,
-Hafod y Llan is across the way.
-There's a family
-in the front part of the farmhouse.
-It's not quiet enough!
-What did you do in France?
-I worked on a farm
-down in the South of France.
-I was also participating
-in a farm study and horse racing.
-It was a mixed bag!
-As a hobby or work?
-As a hobby or work?
-That's how I paid
-for my agricultural studies.
-They wanted someone small
-to compete in endurance racing.
-That was additional
-to the farm work and the studies.
-Is your future here in Wales?
-Is your future here in Wales?
-When I was in France, I had
-the opportunity to do share farming.
-I thought long and hard about it...
-..but I decided I wanted to be in
-Wales, I wanted to farm in Wales...
-..I want my family close by.
-You're so dependant on family
-and neighbours as a farmer...
-..I wanted to do it back in Wales.
-Friends like me who are ready
-to help you mend fences!
-Come on, or the Welsh Black cattle
-will be through again.
-Let's get on with it.
-As well as keeping an eye
-on the stock and maintenance work...
-..there are other responsibilities
-tied to the scholarship.
-Is a lot of the work you do linked
-to conservation more than farming?
-There's a little of everything here.
-There's a strong emphasis
-on conservation and Llyndy.
-of the available habitats...
-..there's so much
-I have a lot of work
-maintaining the walls...
-..and making sure the sheep
-and cattle are in the right place.
-I just keep an eye on what's going
-on, especially on the mountain.
-How many sheep are here?
-I have 80 sheep...
-..and 12 cattle.
-Most of the sheep have gone
-to be wintered.
-I've retained a small group
-to help me practise my skills.
-The others have come down
-from the mountain.
-for the hydro system.
-I keep an eye on it, I make sure
-the leaves are swept away.
-Down at the bottom,
-I also keep an eye on the turbine.
-It's interesting to see
-how much it can power...
-..and when I can use the dishwasher.
-is still proving to be a problem.
-Yes, the plants in the forest
-are the last major problem.
-They've done a lot of work
-in the past few years...
-..as part of the Glastir project
-to get rid of it.
-I'm still finding places
-and I'm making a note of them.
-I'll then go back to deal with it.
-Teleri's enthusiasm is infectious.
-She could have followed
-a different, easier career path...
-..but this young woman's heart
-is in the land.
-You're in Llyndy for the next year.
-What do you hope to achieve
-during that time?
-The emphasis for me is to learn...
-..and gain the experience
-of managing something myself.
-I'm learning, making decisions
-myself and trying things out.
-The thing is,
-what I want is a tenancy.
-I understand that to get a tenancy,
-I'll have to continue working too.
-I'll have to face some challenges...
-an interesting year ahead too.
-Without sounding too much like your
-mother, as you suggested earlier...
-..are you worried about the future?
-Are you worried that you'll face
-more challenges next year?
-Yes. Even if I want a tenancy,
-I'll need to invest in stock.
-I'll need machinery.
-Very few tenancies become available.
-There's so much uncertainty
-Yes, I am worried,
-but as this has shown...
-..if you want something
-badly enough, it can happen.
-And you want to farm,
-from your heart.
-Good luck to you.
-Good luck to Teleri
-over the next year.
-It's time for a short break.
-Join me, and the Welsh sheepdogs,
-a little later.
-See you in two minutes' time.
-Welsh sheepdogs are renowned
-as the dogs of the old drovers.
-When the Welsh Sheepdog Society
-was formed in 1997...
-..there was concern
-about the breed's future.
-Some feared they would disappear
-20 years later,
-what does the future hold for them?
-Establishing the society
-was the Welsh sheepdog's salvation.
-Since then, the breed
-has increased in popularity.
-In 1997, 60 dogs were registered.
-2,500 are registered today.
-Recently, for the first time ever...
-..dogs have been registered
-in Sweden and the Czech Republic.
-John Davies, Cefn Coch farm,
-Llanilar, was there at the start.
-Tell me the story
-about setting up the society.
-We were looking for new blood
-to keep the old bloodline going.
-We searched everywhere.
-Most dogs around here were related.
-One night I phoned Huw Thomas,
-who was then working with the MLC.
-He used to travel from farm to farm.
-I wanted to know
-if he'd seen dogs similar to ours.
-Huw suggested that we form a
-committee and that's how it started.
-Huw called a committee meeting and
-50 people attended the first night.
-They all contributed 10
-as a membership fee.
-That's how the society began.
-Since then, it's gone
-from strength to strength.
-How would you sum up the strengths
-of Welsh sheepdogs?
-when they're out of sight...
-..they know how to herd sheep.
-When they're on a mountain.
-and it's a trouble-free dog to own.
-The society's former chairman
-is Huw Thomas.
-Back in 1996, John understood that
-the dogs were becoming so rare...
-..they were in danger
-of disappearing completely.
-We should have realised
-a century ago...
-..that there was a need
-to register them, but we didn't.
-Had we not started in '97, the breed
-would have disappeared by now.
-There are no particular
-characteristics in terms of colour.
-No, no, they're a kaleidoscope
-of different colours.
-In North Wales, there's a strain
-of black dogs in Merionethshire.
-There's a hint of blue
-in the dogs in Cardiganshire.
-There are also red dogs
-in North Wales.
-To see them together,
-it creates a beautiful picture.
-What's so different
-about the Welsh sheepdog?
-When they settle at a farm,
-they know what to do.
-I have a bitch at home,
-John trained her...
-..she knows by the way I open
-a gate what's coming next.
-The sheep are often in their pens
-before I've turned around.
-As many have pointed out,
-they have brains.
-The farmer doesn't need that much
-between his ears!
-Well, from my point of view...
-..I'd rather see the bitch working
-than me running around!
-On Cefn Coch farm, the family
-have always stuck with the breed.
-are currently working the dogs.
-When I was a young boy, I had Welsh
-dogs, as did my father before me.
-My father was a shepherd
-and he kept Welsh and Scottish dogs.
-The Welsh dogs drove the sheep.
-My grandfather also drove sheep
-all the way to Brecon.
-He used a Welsh dog
-to drive a large flock of sheep.
-Once a dog completed one journey,
-he knew the way home.
-My grandfather would jump on the
-train and the dogs would run home!
-Hedd, you've decided to continue
-with the family tradition.
-It's an ideal work dog
-and it's good company.
-We use them on the sheep and cattle.
-They have plenty of energy if the
-cattle are proving to be stubborn.
-They're loud enough
-to get them moving.
-John, this is an important breed
-for you, as a family.
-It's nice to see that
-it's been here for such a long time.
-That speak volumes.
-That speak volumes.
-My great-grandfather kept them.
-We've always had them on the farm.
-They have a working purpose and they
-attract attention across the world.
-Some went to different countries
-many years ago.
-People are showing an interest
-in them all time.
-The dogs are now registered
-Is the future more secure now?
-What kind of a future
-do you foresee for the breed?
-It's good right now but we must
-work hard to keep them going.
-We need to show them in open days
-to make people aware of them.
-That's how we can
-keep the breed going.
-Hedd, you're under pressure to
-continue the tradition on the farm.
-Every farmer's son's dream is
-to follow in his father's footsteps.
-I have a rich heritage to follow.
-We'll see what comes of that.
-Back in September,
-Daloni visited a student...
-..preparing to study an agriculture
-course in Aberystwyth University.
-With the first term over...
-..let's catch up
-with Cain Owen from Anglesey.
-This is Fferm Penglais.
-It's not a farm.
-The campus is called Fferm Penglais.
-The first term
-was better than I expected.
-I settled in easily.
-I was worried
-when I first arrived here.
-I'm not too far from home but I
-wasn't used to being away from home.
-It's been relatively easy to settle
-in to the campus and this site.
-Everything's going well.
-It's a pleasure to be here.
-isn't completely practical.
-There's a greater
-emphasis on paperwork in farming.
-The education we're receiving
-in our lectures...
-..is going into greater depth,
-especially lectures about biology.
-That will benefit us
-on our farms at home.
-It's about finding
-the right balance.
-Some will have a greater interest
-in the practical side...
-..while others will concentrate
-My brother prefers the practical
-side while I prefer paperwork.
-There is a balance and it's nice
-that everyone is different.
-Cain spent two years in
-Coleg Meirion Dwyfor, Glynllifon.
-How does the university compare?
-The first term
-was a real eye-opener.
-It's been what I expected it to be.
-I'm just getting used to the outline
-of all the different modules...
-into more detail later.
-They're making sure everyone
-is on the same level of information.
-The experience at Glynllifon
-has helped me with that aspect.
-On Trawsgoed Farm, Cain has been
-learning about the dairy herd.
-How did Cain get on
-with the evaluation?
-We've been concentrating on the
-health and wellbeing of the animal.
-The size and dimensions
-of the cubicles.
-We're trying to determine if
-any injuries are caused by cubicles.
-I liked that part of the work.
-I like assessing information.
-It was very interesting.
-You could improve the business
-of this farm eventually.
-I hope so!
-If we wanted to see one move,
-would she rise for us?
-Here, missus, stand up for a moment.
-Let's see you, let's see you.
-Will you come out for us?
-Come on then, come on then.
-There we go.
-How do you assess movement?
-This one looks very fit.
-We were here to assess
-any injuries to the legs...
-..knees and neck.
-If there were neck injuries...
-..it means the railings
-were too low...
-..or they were having trouble
-rising in the cubicles.
-You must remember that dairy cattle
-live their lives on concrete.
-Injuries will happen.
-It's not a perfect world.
-You've learnt all this
-in the space of one term.
-It would be good to record
-what we've seen...
-..and reassess them in the summer.
-That's what I'd like to do.
-Cain was brought up
-on a beef and sheep farm.
-What does she think
-of dairy farming?
-This is an experience, seeing
-this piece of machinery working.
-You don't see this every day
-of the week.
-It's been a substantial investment
-from the college...
-..not only for the business but
-for the educational institution.
-That's a challenge, for them,
-to keep up with the latest trends.
-They want to generate success...
-..but they also want
-to give students a good education.
-It's a challenge for them to ensure
-the latest resources are available.
-It's also practical for the business
-to be operating like this.
-They couldn't be
-an enterprise otherwise.
-a substantial investment here.
-You must remember that. They've
-given that to us, as students.
-You wouldn't see a system
-like this every day.
-For students not interested in the
-dairy sector, it's an eye-opener.
-On Gogerddan Farm, the students have
-their final session of the term.
-They're measuring growth
-and evaluating crops...
-..as part of the Crop
-and Grassland Management module.
-Iwan Owen is a lecturer
-at the university.
-He's overseeing the session.
-This is the first year students'
-fifth visit to the plots.
-They're following the life cycles
-of the barley and wheat crops...
-..from the period they arrived
-in September until the end of June.
-This is how we reinforce the work
-from the lecture halls.
-They can see the crops
-growing out in the fields...
-..along with the weeds and diseases.
-What's your assessment
-of the crops on your own plot?
-I'm happy with it.
-It's been subject
-to some extreme weather recently.
-I'm generally satisfied
-with what I've seen.
-What questions have you asked?
-Is it established?
-Are there any weeds?
-Half the plot
-was left untouched intentionally...
-..to help students compare
-between both sections.
-I've just been counting
-the plants on either side...
-..and I've made my assessment.
-This is your final work
-for this term.
-I can't wait to see this plot
-when I come back.
-You'll have to think ahead
-to next term.
-Will you be tested on this aspect?
-Not in January...
-..but it will be part of our ongoing
-assessment work on the plots.
-Thank you very much.
-We'll catch up with Cain
-later in the year.
-That's it for this week.
-Next week, following
-Michael Gove's announcement...
-..that farm subsidies
-will continue until 2024...
-..we'll look at the challenge he's
-set for the future of agriculture...
-..as we remember that agriculture
-has been devolved to Cardiff.
-Plenty to discuss
-at the beginning of a new year.
-Until next time, goodbye.
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.
Bydd Daloni yn Llyndy Isaf yn siarad â Teleri Fielden am ei thri mis cyntaf yn rhedeg y fferm. Daloni visits scholarship farm Llyndy Isaf to find out how things are going for Teleri Fielden.