Bydd Meinir mewn sioe newydd sbon i'r diwydiant llaeth sy'n trafod y dechnoleg ddiweddaraf. Meinir visits a new show for the dairy industry and finds out more about the latest t...
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-To move on and develop,
-investment is crucial.
-Is now the right time to do that?
-We visit a new show
-aimed at the dairy sector.
-pays for itself in a short time.
-Also on the programme, a company
-takes a step back in time...
-..to create a better future.
-We're hoping to change every
-plastic pint into a glass pint.
-The research of one student
-could make milk even healthier.
-We can reduce the chances
-of heart disease, depression...
-..and help children
-with their developmental skills.
-Februdairy - an important point
-of discussion in the dairy sector.
-Where better to discuss this
-than at a new event...
-..which promotes sustainability
-and the latest technology...
-..within the sector.
-Dairy-Tech is being held here
-in Stoneleigh Park, Warwickshire.
-There's a variety of stands
-and pioneering devices.
-Tech expert Tom Allison
-from Pembrokeshire is our guide.
-Well, Tom, you've arrived safely.
-What's the purpose of today?
-The purpose of the day is exhibiting
-new technology to dairy farmers.
-It's all under one roof
-which is very important.
-Is now the best time
-to organise something like this?
-Milk prices are falling.
-The answer is complex
-from what I can see.
-It's too late to invest
-once the horse has bolted...
-..but having said that...
-..efficient technology pays
-for itself in a short space of time.
-The challenge is more
-than just the price of milk.
-It can be about quality
-and labour costs.
-There are solutions
-available to farmers here today.
-We're setting you a challenge...
-..to discover three things
-that impress you.
-Come on then, let's go.
-There are over 200 stalls
-and 40 new devices.
-Plenty of choice for Tom and
-all the visitors who are here today.
-According to many
-..the dairy industry
-will fare best after Brexit...
-..but with milk prices
-..is now the best time to invest?
-Over the past two years...
-..the price farmers receive
-for a litre of milk in Britain...
-between 18p a litre and 32p.
-Is this likely to happen
-in the future?
-It's important to remember
-that we're in a market...
-..that takes in Europe
-and the entire world.
-There tends to be a cycle.
-Prices go up and down.
-Production goes up
-and down in the same way.
-We must accept
-that this is likely to continue.
-In the long-term,
-it's important to ensure...
-are as robust as they can be...
-..in terms of performance,
-technology and funding.
-We must also ensure that we're
-promoting the produce to the market.
-As we look ahead, how can we ensure
-that businesses are robust...
-..during a period
-of fluctuating prices?
-It's important to look
-at every aspect of the business...
-..such as technology,
-breeding and feeding.
-It's important to look
-at the figures...
-..and look at the business
-during profitable times...
-..and invest wisely for the future
-when the market is less favourable.
-We need to invest in technology...
-..become more efficient
-and waste less...
-..at every stage of the process.
-Following the Veganuary campaign...
-..the dairy sector
-has struck back with Februdairy.
-It's a month to celebrate
-the dairy sector.
-The campaign is led
-by Dr Jude Capper.
-What has been the response so far?
-It was amazing, really good
-from the industry, fabulous posts...
-on Facebook and Instagram.
-We've really stepped up to be
-far better at showing people...
-..what we do every single day.
-On the negative side,
-there's been criticism...
-..and nasty tweets from the more
-militant people opposed to dairy...
-..and dairy farming in general.
-My hope is that the activists
-will calm down after March 1...
-..but we need to keep going,
-we need those positive posts.
-We need to reassure consumers that
-they're making the right choice...
-..for them, their family,
-their health and their planet.
-A clear message from Dr Jude Capper.
-You can watch the interview in its
-entirety on Twitter and Facebook.
-We'll leave Dairy-Tech for now.
-We'll return later
-to see Tom Allison's choices.
-Recently, I visited one company
-that's turning back the clock...
-..to help the environment.
-Getting rid of all plastic waste
-from the UK by 2042.
-That's the aim
-of Prime Minister Theresa May.
-It's a very ambitious
-and challenging aim for us all.
-How much plastic is on our farms
-from day to day?
-Food bags, buckets,
-medicines and silage wraps.
-The list is long.
-Organic dairy company Daioni
-from Abercych, Pembrokeshire...
-..have benefited from the recent
-interest in using glass bottles.
-There's been a lot of talk
-about switching to glass bottles.
-We're trying to change
-all our plastic pints...
-..into glass pints.
-The idea came from our customers.
-we've wanted to do for a while...
-..but we introduced it
-through our Facebook page...
-..to try and gauge the response.
-It was a better response
-than we could have expected.
-There's no turning back now.
-I hope more companies
-will follow suit...
-..and sell more produce
-in glass containers.
-Tell me about the response.
-The response has been brilliant.
-It pushed us to get it out
-to the shops quicker.
-We wanted to get it out
-two months from today...
-..but because of the response,
-we rolled it out last week.
-Daioni is looking to the future...
-..but how much of an effort was it
-to move from plastic to glass?
-A lot of work
-on the processing side.
-It costs more to do but we haven't
-passed that cost onto our customers.
-Our message is
-that glass is better than plastic.
-Everyone can buy glass over plastic
-and it won't cost them more.
-We're an organic company.
-As an organic company,
-we want to follow through.
-We're showing that we can adapt...
-..and maintain our ethos
-to create a cleaner environment.
-In terms of the glass,
-you can recycle it many times over.
-Yes, from what we've
-looked at so far...
-..one bottle can make 30 trips
-back to the factory.
-There's a lot for us to do
-as a company...
-..to make people aware that
-they have to return the bottles.
-We can refill them at the factory
-and get them back to the shops.
-You also sell to the doorstep.
-What's the response been like?
-It's the best response we've had.
-We have a milk round which covers
-ten miles from the farm.
-We've been supplying to over 20
-miles since we switched to glass.
-That means we're using more diesel
-for the cars going out.
-We're looking to switch the vehicles
-on the milk round to electric.
-Milk in glass bottles
-are sold in 20 shops at the moment.
-One of those is Siop Y Pentref
-Another nearby village, Aberporth,
-is doing the same thing.
-They've started to reduce plastic
-in the village in pubs and shops.
-We thought it was a great idea.
-I contacted Daioni
-and a local milkman...
-..about delivering glass bottles
-to the shop.
-We've been doing this for a
-fortnight and they're very popular.
-What's the response been like?
-Everyone loves them.
-Many locals have fond memories.
-"I remember glass bottles
-when I was young!"
-If they have children,
-the children return the bottles.
-It helps young children
-to understand the importance.
-What do you think of the idea
-of selling milk in glass bottles?
-I welcome this initiative.
-I think it's important
-as we seek to reduce waste.
-The plastic ends up in the sea
-and causes all kinds of pollution.
-I think it's a great idea
-to re-introduce glass bottles.
-Is it more of a problem
-to carry glass than plastic?
-No, I don't think so.
-We used to do it in the olden days.
-Why can't we do it now?
-Daioni was established 15 years ago.
-How much change has Eira and Tom
-witnessed in that time?
-How important is it
-to adapt a change with the times?
-We have to try. It depends
-if people will care enough.
-It's so convenient
-to carry plastic everywhere.
-we're making a small difference.
-It all depends on customer feedback.
-It's a lot of work dealing
-with bottles and returning them.
-They're a lot more dangerous
-to handle in shops.
-We're doing our best, step by step.
-Tom, if I can turn to you...
-..in terms of Daioni
-and the milk you sell...
-will your business change?
-It'll be interesting to find out.
-This is the first time
-we've done something like this.
-We know that larger drinks companies
-are looking at deposit schemes.
-They're trying to convince people...
-..to move away
-from using plastic all the time...
-..and throwing plastic away.
-How can we move on with this?
-I think we'll have plastic forever.
-I think it's changed the world
-and made a difference...
-..but we have to look
-at other ways of using it.
-We have to use less or recycle more.
-We have to think locally
-..how we deal with plastic
-in the future.
-We hope customers will adopt it and
-accept that plastic is a problem.
-This might be that little something
-that we can do to promote this.
-That's it for Part 1.
-In Part 2, we visit
-Harper Adams University...
-..where an experiment
-is being done...
-..to improve the quality
-and value of milk.
-See you soon.
-Research plays a crucial part
-in the development of agriculture.
-Here, at Harper Adams University
-..a Welsh woman from Beddgelert
-is leading prominent research...
-..into the way milk
-can be produced with more Omega-3.
-Bethan Till is a PhD student here.
-is in beef and sheep farming.
-She's researching the idea...
-..of including micro algae
-in the dairy cow's diet...
-..to create milk products
-that are as beneficial as oily fish.
-The research is funded by Alltech.
-I'm feeding the dairy cattle
-..because algae is rich in Omega-3.
-I wanted to see if we could increase
-Omega-3 levels in milk and cheese.
-What kind of algae?
-It's micro algae.
-Micro algae is seaweed.
-Micro algae grows in the sea,
-in lakes, in rivers.
-How do you undertake your research?
-We first select the cattle.
-We split them into different groups.
-One group consumes 50g a day,
-one group consumes 100g a day...
-..and one group consumes 150g a day.
-We mix the algae with the TMR, with
-the maize, silage and concentrate.
-They feed in the bins.
-What were the results
-of that research?
-We've seen a rise in levels
-of Omega-3 in milk and cheese.
-We haven't seen any change
-in the taste.
-We had a second study
-looking at the fertility of cattle.
-We included 60 cattle in this study.
-They were split into two groups.
-The algae group
-received 100g a day of algae.
-There was a reduction
-in prostal gland PGFM.
-That's important during
-the first stages of pregnancy.
-With low levels of PGFM,
-we see an increase in progesterone.
-The cow then recognises that she's
-pregnant in the first few days.
-And less likely to lose a calf.
-Less likely to lose a calf
-in the early stages.
-A lot of the work is done
-in the laboratory.
-Bethan has been busy
-assessing the results.
-We bring the milk here
-and we remove the fat from the milk.
-We look at the different levels
-of fatty acids...
-..especially the levels of Omega-3
-and DHA, Docosahexaenoic acid.
-That's the main fatty acid
-we search for.
-We also bring milk here
-and make cheese from the milk.
-We test the cheese
-for the Omega-3 level.
-In terms of the milk and cheese,
-where will we see an improvement?
-If we can raise the level
-..Omega-3 is healthy for humans.
-If we can increase
-how much Omega-3 we're eating...
-..we can reduce the chances
-of heart disease...
-..we can reduce depression...
-..and help children
-with their developmental skills...
-..from a young age.
-The micro algae is natural.
-is included in the cattle feed.
-We don't add a thing in the labs.
-We make cheese the same way
-everyone else makes cheese.
-The only difference
-is what we feed the cattle.
-Is there a cost to the farmer?
-They do have to pay for the algae.
-If the farmer wants to feed algae
-to the cattle...
-..he'll want to make a profit
-some other way.
-This would be a premium product.
-Yes, it would be premium milk
-with high Omega-3 levels.
-If we can prove that it aids
-fertility, reduces mastitis...
-..and improves the quality
-of the cattle's feet...
-..that reduces the cost to a farmer
-in vet's bills.
-Do you foresee that this kind
-of milk and cheese...
-..will be stocked in shops
-We hope so.
-Hens and pigs have been fed algae
-recently because it's easier...
-..to produce products
-from hens and pigs.
-More work is being done but
-we hope it happens in the future.
-By her side,
-to make sure everything works out...
-..is her tutor,
-Professor Liam Sinclair.
-Bethan's research is important
-on a number of different levels.
-We know that coronary heart disease
-is a major problem...
-..in Western countries
-such as the United Kingdom.
-People aren't consuming enough of
-the fatty acids she's investigated.
-If we can get that into cheese...
-..that will be
-a major benefit to human health.
-It will also benefit
-dairy cows as well.
-One of the actions that the oils
-in the marine algae does...
-..is potentially improve
-the fertility of the cow.
-It can also reduce
-the methane output.
-The marine algae has benefits
-for human health, cow fertility...
-..and the environment.
-With so much change
-in the industry right now...
-..it's crucial that farmers push
-the boundaries and try new things.
-what Bethan is doing.
-We know the benefits
-of milk and dairy products...
-..but what you're developing here
-is going to be even more beneficial.
-We already know that milk
-is healthy for us.
-It already contains
-a little Omega-3.
-The milk produced by cattle
-that eat algae...
-..will contain higher levels
-What's remarkable is that this
-doesn't already happen in the UK.
-I think the biggest problem...
-..is that the algae
-wasn't readily available.
-With developments in technology,
-more algae is being grown.
-Availability in Britain
-You're about to complete
-your research work in Harper Adams.
-Are you confident of seeing bottles
-of milk that are more beneficial...
-..on our shelves before long?
-I do hope so. People want to eat
-and drink healthier than they were.
-It'll help farmers, it'll help us
-and it'll help cattle too.
-We're back in Dairy-Tech
-in Stoneleigh Park.
-We challenged tech expert
-..to choose three things
-that caught his eye.
-Let's see his choices.
-Here's your first choice. You can
-speak from personal experience.
-It's a milking cluster.
-It shows me two things.
-Technology doesn't have to include
-electronics and software to work.
-It can be something simple,
-a simple device.
-There are three parts
-to the system...
-the insert and the shell.
-It controls how the liner moves
-when the cow is milked.
-We do use it at home.
-We were the first farm
-in the Northern Hemisphere...
-..to adopt this system.
-It improves the quality
-of pulsation during milking.
-That can help cut down
-..and the medicine bill
-from the vet becomes a lot lower.
-We're talking less than
-half a penny per litre.
-This is Mootral.
-It's a food additive that can be
-added to pellets in cattle feed.
-The system was originally developed
-in Aberystwyth, in IBERS.
-This additive reduces
-..during the production
-of milk or meat.
-The company claims
-it provides a 30% reduction.
-This looks like
-a very interesting device.
-It's a pioneering system.
-This is the AfiLab.
-It measures the protein,
-butterfat and lactose in milk.
-It measures every cow
-at every milking session.
-If you change the quality of food,
-that shows when you're milking.
-When the cow is ill, it'll change
-the lactose in the milk.
-The company claims you can make
-savings of 160 per cow...
-..if you use the complete system.
-Tom is very impressed.
-What about the rest?
-It's been a good day
-seeing all the technology...
-..that can help dairy farmers
-in the future by reducing costs...
-..and helping cattle
-produce more milk.
-It's been great to see
-..that helps us
-make things easier on the farm...
-..especially during TB tests...
-..because it's such
-a big thing these days.
-You can find a lot of apps
-on your phone.
-You can use them
-as you're walking around the field.
-That saves a lot of paperwork.
-That's very interesting.
-Is now the time to invest
-with milk prices falling?
-When is the best time to invest?
-That's the question.
-It's time to look ahead to the
-future and hope for a better time.
-We have to continue investing
-in farming or we'll be left behind.
-That's all for this week
-This is the first time this event
-has been held here...
-..but having seen so many people
-..it shows that there remains
-confidence in the industry.
-Thanks for your company. Cheerio.
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.
Bydd Meinir mewn sioe newydd sbon i'r diwydiant llaeth sy'n trafod y dechnoleg ddiweddaraf. Meinir visits a new show for the dairy industry and finds out more about the latest technology.