Mon, 19 Feb 2018 Ffermio


Mon, 19 Feb 2018

Bydd Alun yn edrych ar un o afiechydon mwyaf heintus y diwydiant defaid a bydd Meinir yn Sioe Botensial Aberhonddu. Alun hears about one of the most contagious diseases in the s...


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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-England has benefited from levies

-paid for Welsh red meat.

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-Is there a compromise?

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-It's certainly a step

-in the right direction.

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-That levy will be earmarked

-for four or five events.

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-Also on the programme,

-advice for sheep farmers...

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-..about an infectious disease.

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-When you find the disease in your

-herd, you must tell your neighbours.

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-What was the standard

-of the potentials in Brecon?

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-In this corner, this is a show

-that attracts farmers from Scotland.

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-Standards are extremely high.

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-Positive news for

-Meat Promotion Wales last week...

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-..as they, along with meat marketing

-bodies in Scotland and England...

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-..agreed a programme worth 2m which

-will benefit red meat producers.

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-This agreement has developed as the

-three countries have continued...

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-..to search for a long-term solution

-about how the levy is collected.

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-Welsh farmers pay a levy

-to Meat Promotion Wales...

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-..to promote their produce.

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-63p a head for sheep and lambs...

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-..4.34 for cattle...

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-..and 1.05 for pigs.

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-The abattoirs add to the levy.

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-At the moment, if Welsh stock

-is slaughtered in England...

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-..the levy is collected by AHDB even

-when an animal is reared in Wales.

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-The same is true of Scotland.

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-Meat Promotion Wales estimate

-that they lose 1m a year...

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-..through the current agreement.

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-1.1m sheep,

-160,000 cattle and 45,000 pigs...

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-..cross the border

-to English abattoirs every year.

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-One reason for this is

-the shortage of abattoirs in Wales.

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-We collect about 4m

-from abattoirs in Wales...

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-..from Welsh farmers

-and Welsh abattoirs.

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-On top of that, we have

-a smaller number of abattoirs...

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-..to cope with the number

-of animals we have...

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-..since farmers have a right

-to send their stock...

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-..to any part of Great Britain.

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-The problem we've faced

-for many years...

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-..is that the levy paid

-by Welsh farmers...

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-..often stays in England

-and is spent in England...

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-..on behalf of the English industry.

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-We've found a temporary solution.

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-2m from AHDB in England

-has been set aside.

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-That 2m is agreed and spent jointly

-by Scotland, Wales and England...

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-..for the good of British farmers.

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-It's a step in the right direction.

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-That levy, that money will be

-earmarked for four or five events.

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-Why has it taken so long

-for Wales to benefit...

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-..from the levy paid

-for stock slaughtered in England?

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-It's been frustrating.

-It's taken a long time.

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-We haven't reached

-journey's end yet...

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-..but it's definitely a step

-in the right direction.

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-We need a law

-which allows those countries...

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-..to introduce the money

-back into those countries...

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-..giving England the right

-to give money back to Wales...

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-..Scotland back to England

-and Wales back to Scotland.

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-We want a legal right

-to share the money...

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-..in a manner that's fair

-to reflect the industry...

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-..and where the animals were reared.

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-I think there's a chance

-to get that law passed...

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-..over the next few months

-since so many laws...

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-..are going through Westminster

-because of Brexit.

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-The money will be invested...

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-..in international shows

-and export events...

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-..access to markets,

-preparation for Brexit...

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-..health, environment and research.

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-Campaigns have been drawn up

-that will begin in April.

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-Some of the 2m agreed between

-the three countries will be used.

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-Those strong campaigns

-will promote lamb, beef and pork...

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-..as part of a balanced diet...

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-..which appeals to a large

-proportion of the population.

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-We have plenty to be positive about.

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-We have to promote

-these positive messages.

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-Meat is an important source

-of protein...

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-..it's high in minerals

-and vitamins...

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-..which are difficult to find

-in other produce.

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-So, after 15 years..

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-..Wales can claim

-some of the levy money back.

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-The money will be used to promote

-Welsh red meat.

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-Next, we join Alun who has news...

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-..about one of the most

-infectious sheep diseases.

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-As a sheep farmer myself...

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-..I know how difficult it is to keep

-sheep healthy and clear of disease.

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-One of the biggest concerns

-at this time of year is mange.

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-A recent report

-from Bristol University claims...

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-..that cases have increased 100%

-since 1992.

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-Psoroptes ovis causes mange

-in sheep.

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-It lives on the skin and its faeces

-causes an allergic reaction...

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-..leading to itching.

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-Without treatment,

-sheep eventually stop grazing...

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-..and this leads to a significant

-deterioration in their condition.

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-Dafydd Jones has seen

-the effects of this disease.

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-He's a director at

-the Ystwyth Surgery in Aberystwyth.

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-It's a problem across the country...

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-..but some areas

-are worse than others.

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-It's something that we often see.

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-Once it's in a herd,

-it can spread like wildfire.

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-It spreads quickly.

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-It takes between a fortnight

-and a month...

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-..for a sheep to show the symptoms.

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-It's contagious from the minute

-she picks it up.

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-The harm has already been done.

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-When you see sheep itching...

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-..the mange might have

-been there for a month.

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-It's easy enough

-for a sheep to mix with other sheep.

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-And it can live away from the sheep

-for a period of time.

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-It's been proven that it can live

-away from the sheep for 17 days...

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-..on small pieces of wool,

-in a trailer or on a fence.

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-That is possible.

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-You must consider that

-when you treat the herd.

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-Do they go back to a field

-where they've been?

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-If so, treatment should last

-a little longer.

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-In terms of treatment,

-there are numerous options.

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-Is one more effective?

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-Is one more effective?

-

-There are two main options.

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-Dipping is still an option,

-the OP dip.

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-You can also use drugs

-and inject the sheep.

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-There are two or three drugs

-in that group.

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-They have their strengths and

-weaknesses, not all suit everyone.

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-Only sheep contract mange.

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-Hugh Tudor, Tynberllan, Llanilar

-keeps thousands of sheep.

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-It's important for him

-to keep the disease away.

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-In an area which has seen more cases

-over the past few years...

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-..how difficult is this to do?

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-I had a problem here

-four years ago...

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-..when I bought some sheep.

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-We spotted the mange

-when the sheep had a ram.

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-It was a difficult time.

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-You don't want to interfere

-with the sheep at that time...

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-..but we had to do something

-about it.

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-We injected all the sheep

-and thought that was that...

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-..but if you miss one sheep,

-the problem is still there.

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-We brought the sheep in

-during January...

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-..and they started itching again.

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-We injected Ivermectin

-for a second time on all the sheep.

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-We still couldn't get rid of it.

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-The only way

-we could get rid of it...

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-..was by dipping

-the sheep and lambs in April.

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-Do you have any idea

-how much that cost you?

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-It cost me thousands of pounds.

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-With figures showing a rise

-in cases...

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-..and an estimated 8m being spent

-by farmers on cases...

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-..what's the way forward

-for dealing with the problem?

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-When you find the disease in your

-herd, you must tell your neighbours.

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-They can decide

-whether to treat their sheep or not.

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-It might not have spread next door

-but it's important to let them know.

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-Sometimes,

-it jumps from one farm to another.

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-Often, financial help will tempt

-a farmer to adopt a plan.

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-Is there a free testing scheme

-available to them?

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-There is a free testing scheme

-available in Carmarthen.

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-They'll test a wool sample

-for free...

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-..to see if it's been infected.

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-That runs until the end of March.

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-I'd encourage everyone

-to take part in it...

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-..and contact their vet

-to take it further.

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-Discussion groups

-have been formed...

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-..under the Farming Connect

-or Agriscope banners.

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-Local action groups have been formed

-but is that enough?

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-D'you know what? It's hard to

-get farmers to agree, very hard.

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-It is possible but you need someone

-to take the bull by the horns...

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-..and do something about it.

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-It's becoming a bigger problem.

-It's not something you want to see.

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-It's very uncomfortable.

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-If a sheep is itching, it's wrong.

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-It's about time we did something

-about it ourselves.

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-That's all for Part 1.

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-After the break,

-we join Meinir and the cattle...

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-..in the Show Potential in Brecon.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-Despite the fact

-that it's grey and wet outside...

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-..here in Brecon, dozens of people

-are preparing their cattle...

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-..for an event that marks

-a notable milestone.

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-It's the tenth

-Brecon Show Potential.

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-The shed is packed with 99 cattle

-waiting for the judges.

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-One family vying

-for the main prize is the Havards.

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-Alun visited their farm to see

-the last-minute preparations.

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-Behind every animal

-exhibited at a show...

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-..there are months of preparation -

-washing, trimming and leading.

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-That enthusiasm is transferred

-down the generations...

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-..and contributes to the success

-of the Brecon Show Potential.

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-Here on Cwmbrynich Farm

-near Sennybridge...

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-..Howell Havard and his family live.

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-He farms here in partnership

-with his brothers.

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-Well, Howell, tell us a little about

-the farm and your cattle system.

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-We have almost 600 acres.

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-We keep 1,200 sheep, 100 cattle.

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-These are just starting to calve.

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-I hope we'll complete calving

-over the next two months.

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-You have a limited time for calving.

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-Does that mean you only sell

-once a year?

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-All the income

-must come at the same time.

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-Everything goes in a two-week period

-in the middle of October...

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-..and the start of November.

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-There are two sales

-and between 40-50 go to both sales.

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-Then the sheds are empty.

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-There is one special cow in the herd

-heading to the show.

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-This nine-month-old heifer

-is called Chocolate Brownie.

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-Megan, Howell's daughter, has been

-helping with the preparation work.

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-Tell us more about this one.

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-One sunny day,

-we travelled down to Carmarthen...

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-..to see what was being sold

-in the market.

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-We saw this one in the pen.

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-She looked good,

-she had potential...

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-..so we bought her.

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-How much work have you done with

-her? What preparation have you done?

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-Initially, we put her

-with another cow and calf.

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-She came on well.

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-Then we decided to increase

-her feed to see how she got on.

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-And then, in December,

-during the bad weather...

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-..we started to lead her

-and get her ready for the show.

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-You said 'we'. Have you been

-leading her or is that Dad's job?

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-Dad started her on the halter.

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-We washed her every night

-for five days...

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-..and towelled her down.

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-Washing her is an important part

-of taming her...

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-..as well as lifting the hair.

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-When we wash her,

-it increases the trust between us.

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-It helps them relax

-when we're leading them.

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-When we wash them,

-with cold water especially...

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-..it helps the coat to grow.

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-For the final preparation

-on the day, what's left to do...

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-..before you take her on the day?

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-We'll trim her.

-We get someone in to do that.

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-Someone local who trims

-all the cattle around here.

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-It's all in his hands now

-to make sure she looks nice.

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-Do you have a price in mind?

-What are your hopes?

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-Of course, you have to

-make a profit on an animal.

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-You put in a lot of work

-and invest a lot of time and money.

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-You must make sure it pays off

-in the end.

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-We'll put a price on her

-before she goes through.

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-You'll be hoping for a card too.

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-You gain a lot of experience

-when you take them in...

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-..but winning a card

-would be a bonus.

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-The preparations are done

-before the big day.

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-All they need now

-is a little luck...

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-..a good judge

-and deep pockets from the buyers.

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-Megan, you're here. What's your

-timetable for the rest of the day?

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-I'll have to go to work

-before long...

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-..but Dad will phone me

-to tell me the result.

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-The standard is very high today

-so we're just hoping for a good day.

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-We'll catch up

-with the Havards later.

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-Let's go back to the show's title -

-Show Potentials.

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-What does it mean?

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-Simply put,

-they're cattle that show potential.

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-They're 5-12 months old and often

-they'll shine in our shows...

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-..over the next year.

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-The buyers are under plenty

-of pressure to choose wisely.

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-We left Anglesey before 6.00am.

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-We know there are some good cattle

-in this area.

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-What we've seen is promising.

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-It's an opportunity to make

-more money on premium calves...

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-..on top of your normal

-suckler herd.

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-It's profitable

-if you have a good day.

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-I can't see how it can get better.

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-The perfect animal

-hasn't been born...

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-..but everyone is striving

-for that special one.

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-In this corner, this is a show

-that attracts farmers from Scotland.

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-Standards are extremely high.

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-You need to visit an event like this

-to know what you have at home.

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-This is an excellent shop window

-for the beef industry...

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-..but with Britain only 75%

-self-sufficient in beef...

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-..and with Brexit on the horizon...

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-..is there even more potential

-for the sector?

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-Right now, you have to be very keen

-in the beef sector.

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-What we get right now

-is the market price.

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-The only way we can

-improve the price we receive...

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-..is to be keen enough

-not to make a loss.

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-Unfortunately, however good we are,

-there are losses.

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-Can farmers do more?

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-Can farmers do more?

-

-There's always more.

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-I don't think farmers have ever

-promoted their products well enough.

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-There are people out there

-who are very experienced marketers.

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-We've always accepted, whether we're

-selling milk, beef or anything...

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-..once it's left the farm

-we forget about it.

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-In the future, whatever happens...

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-..we have to draw

-a positive picture of agriculture.

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-By playing with people's emotions...

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-..we'll succeed

-in selling our products.

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-Let's return to the competition.

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-There are 10 classes, plenty of work

-to keep Phil Price busy all day.

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-He knows what's needed.

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-His family won the cattle supreme

-champion in the 2017 Winter Fair.

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-Unfortunately, Megan had to leave

-before the competition.

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-Her father, Howell,

-stepped in to take her place.

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-A blue ribbon - I'm sure Megan

-will be very happy with that.

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-She'll be very pleased.

-It was a huge surprise for us.

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-There were 10 in the class

-and it was a strong class.

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-The little heifer looked fine

-in the ring and did very well.

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-What was the experience like?

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-It was a nice experience for me.

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-I haven't been in the ring

-with a heifer for three years.

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-It was a nice change for me.

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-It's nice to learn

-what the judges are looking for.

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-Everything's moving on and every

-judge wants something different.

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-It's time to move on

-to the main supreme championship.

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-There was plenty of drama

-as the winners battled it out.

0:20:550:20:59

-The reserve champion was won

-by Rob and Llinos Jones...

0:20:590:21:03

-..Lower Argoed, Builth Wells.

0:21:030:21:06

-The supreme champion was

-David Brute, Gwndwnwal, Brecon.

0:21:060:21:11

-It's the first time I've won Brecon.

-Never though it would happen.

0:21:110:21:15

-Always when you least expect it.

0:21:150:21:17

-Hoping for big money in the ring.

0:21:170:21:19

-Never go away from home

-expecting too much...

0:21:200:21:23

-..and you'll always go home happy.

0:21:230:21:25

-Congratulations to David Brute

-and his family.

0:21:260:21:30

-This is what counts - the auction.

0:21:300:21:34

-Last year, Owen Watkins,

-Caenant Melyn, Hereford...

0:21:340:21:37

-..secured the highest price selling

-the supreme champion for 5,000.

0:21:370:21:42

-What will the price be this year?

0:21:420:21:44

-The supreme champion from

-the Brute family sold for 6,700...

0:21:470:21:52

-..the day's highest price.

0:21:520:21:54

-The Havard family received 1,280

-for their heifer.

0:21:540:21:59

-Many more left satisfied.

0:21:590:22:02

-The heifer is with us too.

-She's the third calf from the cow.

0:22:020:22:06

-The two previous calves

-fetched over 4,000.

0:22:060:22:10

-This was a touch under 2,500 today.

0:22:100:22:13

-This one's black and white

-which affected the price.

0:22:130:22:16

-The cow's average has been knocked

-but she gave us three good calves.

0:22:170:22:22

-I wish we had 30 of them!

0:22:220:22:24

-We've just sold these two

-for a fair price.

0:22:280:22:31

-These types,

-they're around six months old.

0:22:320:22:36

-There's more money in them now than

-keeping them on for another year.

0:22:360:22:41

-I'll miss them

-when I go home tonight.

0:22:410:22:44

-We've been working hard grooming

-them for months.

0:22:440:22:48

-We'll go back to the shed tonight

-and wonder what we'll do next.

0:22:480:22:52

-They're part of the family.

0:22:520:22:55

-We'll miss them tonight

-but more will come.

0:22:550:22:58

-That's it for another week.

0:23:020:23:04

-We've seen some very fair prices

-here today...

0:23:040:23:07

-..putting a bonus in the pockets of

-those producing the highest quality.

0:23:080:23:13

-Let's hope we see these cattle

-starring in shows...

0:23:130:23:17

-..across the country next year.

0:23:170:23:20

-Until next time,

-thanks for your company. Cheerio!

0:23:200:23:24

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:420:23:44

-.

0:23:440:23:44

Bydd Alun yn edrych ar un o afiechydon mwyaf heintus y diwydiant defaid a bydd Meinir yn Sioe Botensial Aberhonddu. Alun hears about one of the most contagious diseases in the sheep industry


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