Mon, 12 Mar 2018 Ffermio


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Mon, 12 Mar 2018

Cawn glywed am effaith cwn yn poeni defaid ar ffermwyr a'r cyngor diweddaraf ar wasgaru slyri. How dogs worrying sheep affects farmers and the latest advice on spreading silage.


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-The effect of leaving dogs loose

-in the countryside.

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-The problem still exists

-and it's getting worse.

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-Also tonight, the latest advice

-about spreading slurry responsibly.

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-We have problems,

-we have a long way to go...

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-..but I think we've turned a corner.

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-Alun meets an 18-year-old

-European champion from Bala.

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-It was a shock to hear I'd won.

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-Good news

-for one of our Welsh dog breeds.

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-12 months ago, I visited a farm

-in Borth-y-Gest near Porthmadog...

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-..to discuss the problem

-of dogs attacking and killing sheep.

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-It's incredible

-that we're now in 2018...

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-..and we're still discussing

-the same subject...

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-..and the situation

-is getting worse, not better.

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-According to

-an NFU Mutual survey...

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-..80% of people say

-they walk their dogs in rural areas.

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-7% of those admit that their dogs

-chase farm animals.

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-One farmer who's suffered

-his fair share of losses...

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-..is Derek Jones,

-Bryn Ibod, Tremeirchion.

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-The last loss was three sheep

-and eight or nine were injured...

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-..after the attack

-that happened that day.

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-What happened?

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-I arrived back from the auction,

-I'd taken a phone call already.

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-I was told that a dog

-was in the field.

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-On my return, I was told

-that the dog had been there...

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-..for two and a half hours.

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-He'd attacked the sheep.

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-Three had been attacked so badly,

-they'd died.

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-Was the dog destroyed?

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-Yes. That's one of the conditions

-of returning the dog.

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-It had to be destroyed.

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-You'll get nothing but trouble.

-It'll do the same again.

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-Once it learns how to kill,

-it'll kill again.

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-The North Wales Police

-rural crime team...

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-..takes every case of attacks

-on farm animals seriously.

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-One member of the team

-is Constable Dewi Evans.

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-We've been tackling the

-problem over the last four years.

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-The problem still exists

-and it's getting worse.

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-Dogs attack sheep all the time.

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-We have around 100 different

-attacks in North Wales every year.

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-Are these attacks similar?

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-Every attacks is different,

-every attack is unacceptable.

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-We're putting together

-a set of recommendations...

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-..to pass on to the government.

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-Those recommendations outline the

-changes we want to see in the law...

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-..to tackle this problem.

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-The current law was introduced

-in 1953 and it's time to change it.

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-The different recommendations

-tackle the problem...

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-..from different directions.

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-If we suspect a dog

-of attacking a sheep...

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-..we want the power

-to enter the home...

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-..and take a sample

-of the dog's DNA...

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-..to compare it

-with the sheep's injuries.

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-According to a report by the

-National Police Chiefs Council...

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-..since 2013, at least 1,000 sheep

-have been killed in North Wales.

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-50 dogs have been destroyed

-and 100 attacks on farm animals...

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-..happen every year.

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-How do you understand the law

-as it is right now?

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-What is the law

-relating to dogs chasing sheep?

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-As it happens, the last time,

-we captured the dog.

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-We managed to get it

-into the trailer.

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-The policeman told me...

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-..that if I'd destroyed the dog

-when it was under control...

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-..I would have been prosecuted

-under livestock protection.

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-It would have been a crime.

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-Can you explain to me, Dewi...

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-..what rights farmers have...

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-..if they see a dog

-attacking their livestock...

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-..or if they suspect that a dog

-has attacked their sheep?

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-If a farmer can see a dog

-attacking the sheep...

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-..the farmer has a right

-to shoot that dog...

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-..if the attack is continuing.

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-They must notify us

-within 48 hours of what's happened.

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-Do you have public footpaths

-on your land?

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-Yes, I do.

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-Public footpaths cross the farmland

-in different places.

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-Is that a nuisance for you?

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-Yes. Yes, it is.

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-The main problem is having people

-walking along the footpaths...

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-..who care little about releasing

-their dogs on the farmland.

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-They can see sheep in the field.

-It's pure nonsense.

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-It says on the gate,

-or on the stile...

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-.."Please keep dogs on leads."

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-They still let them loose.

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-The answer I'm always given is,

-"It won't do any harm."

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-You can't guarantee that.

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-What are a farmer's rights

-when he sees someone on his land...

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-..on a public footpath

-walking a dog without a lead?

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-Do we have the right to ask that

-walker to place the dog on a lead?

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-Any farmer has a right

-to challenge someone...

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-..and ask them

-to place their dog on a lead.

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-If a crime has happened, phone

-the police and we'll take over.

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-The truth of the matter is...

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-..the dog owners have the power

-to stop attacks.

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-The farmer can only go so far.

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-This message is for dog owners. They

-should control their animals better.

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-How do you feel

-after these experiences?

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-It's very unpleasant

-for us as producers...

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-..and it's also unpleasant

-for the dog owners.

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-The dogs are their pets.

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-At the end of the day, these dogs

-will be destroyed if they attack.

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-Let's hope that the situation

-will improve...

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-..and we'll have far less attacks

-in the future.

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-Having the ideal conditions for

-spreading slurry can be difficult...

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-..especially with all the rain and

-inclement weather we've experienced.

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-What's the general advice offered...

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-..for spreading slurry

-without harming the environment?

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-Ioan Williams leads

-the Natural Resources Wales team...

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-..in Carmarthenshire.

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-He offers farmers advice...

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-..on how to safeguard the

-environment when spreading slurry.

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-We advise farmers

-to check the weather conditions.

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-Don't spread slurry

-when rain is forecast.

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-It's very frustrating for farmers.

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-We've hardly had 48 hours

-without rain.

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-No-one said it was easy.

-This is a major problem.

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-We sympathise with farmers,

-their storehouses are full.

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-Contractors want to move on

-to the next farm.

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-Farmers need to have a map

-they can show contractors...

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-..to highlight the streams

-and rivers.

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-They should stay 10m away from them.

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-The contractor might not be sure

-of the location of the streams.

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-How much effect does slurry have

-on the river?

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-It has a significant effect.

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-When the slurry seeps into streams,

-it takes oxygen out of the water.

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-That can destroy fish.

-It also affects the river's ecology.

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-There have been cases this year

-that caused you problems.

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-We've had problems with slurry

-being spread too thickly.

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-It's been spread on the wrong fields

-at the wrong time.

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-There are still some problems

-and we have a long way to go.

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-I think we've turned the corner.

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-The industry is looking at it

-more seriously.

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-They've identified the problem

-and they're working together...

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-..to find a solution.

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-We've heard about accidents

-linked to slurry on farms.

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-How do you deal with this?

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-Give us a ring,

-someone will come out and decide...

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-..how to lessen the impact

-the slurry will have on the river.

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-Farmers are looking at slurry as

-something to use, not to dispose.

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-If there's enough storage

-on the farm...

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-..farmers have the option to spread

-it at the right time of year.

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-Contractors with over

-18 years experience...

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-..are Daniel James and family

-from Stepside Agri.

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-This winter has been one

-of the worst for the business...

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-..because the weather

-has been so poor.

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-It's been raining at some point

-every day.

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-We've had customers phoning up

-to say lagoons had filled overnight.

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-We had to act like a fire brigade

-service and pump the stuff out.

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-We have to watch out

-for ourselves too.

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-It comes back on us as contractors

-as it does for the farmer...

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-..when pollution happens

-and slurry seeps into the river.

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-Because of the responsibility,

-you've decided to invest.

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-Tell us more about that.

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-The GPS we've invested in, it maps

-the park and provides information.

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-The flow meter on the injector

-communicates with the tractor.

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-If a pollutant incident happens

-and slurry gets into the river...

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-..we have traceability.

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-That's what everyone wants

-right now.

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-They want a paper trail

-and traceability on the slurry.

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-Over a year ago, the Welsh

-Government started a consultation...

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-..to discover

-the most effective way...

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-..to decrease nitrate pollution

-in rivers.

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-There were two options.

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-Setting regulations about spreading

-slurry in specific areas...

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-..the Nitrate Vulnerable Zone...

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-..or administering the plan

-across the whole of Wales.

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-The consultation received a

-good response but what was decided?

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-Leading the response is the Cabinet

-Minister for Energy, Planning...

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-..and Rural Affairs,

-Lesley Griffiths.

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-We had 256 responses

-which is an incredible number.

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-Some of the responses

-had very good ideas in them.

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-I decided that whilst the voluntary

-approach wasn't working...

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-..I didn't want to go to

-a full regulatory approach either.

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-It was a balance

-between voluntary and regulatory.

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-A group is looking at this for me.

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-I've told them that

-it's an unacceptable number...

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-..of pollution incidents

-that we are seeing.

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-You decided to take

-a farm-by-farm approach.

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-What steps are you taking

-on these particular farms?

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-We're looking at individual farms.

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-The majority of responses,

-60% of the responses...

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-..wanted me to do an all-Wales

-territory response to this.

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-I didn't want to

-bring legislation in.

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-It's better to work

-with our partners...

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-..and they're keen to work with me.

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-Hopefully,

-over the next few weeks...

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-..we'll see some good responses and

-good suggestions to take forward.

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-It's time for a break.

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-After the break, Alun meets

-an European champion from Bala.

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-See you soon.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-The Six Nations rugby championship

-is drawing to a close.

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-We beat the Italians

-over the weekend...

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-..but we won't win

-any trophies this weekend.

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-In a recent competition

-for young shepherds...

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-..the first prize came back to Bala.

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-18-year-old Dafydd Davies

-from Penbryn Coch, Parc, Bala...

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-..competed in the final of Europe's

-best shepherd competition in Paris.

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-He won the competition.

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-Dafydd, congratulations

-on your achievement.

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-Did you expect it?

-Was it a shock that you won?

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-Yes, to be honest.

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-I went there with little hope.

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-It was a huge shock

-when I discovered I'd won.

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-Tell us about the opportunity

-you had to go to Paris initially.

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-It started back in May.

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-The Welsh NSA show.

-I was joint first there.

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-I was fortunate to be chosen

-to represent Wales in Europe.

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-I reached the European stages...

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-..and the next stop

-is the Malvern NSA show.

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-Tell us what you had to do

-in the competition?

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-We had an exam paper

-to complete in the morning...

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-..on the knowledge we had

-about the sheep industry.

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-We had to recognise ten different

-French breeds.

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-You must've had to prepare for that.

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-We had a list of the breeds,

-there were about 45 to memorise.

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-It was then just a matter

-of recognising them.

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-Glynllifon nominated and helped you

-reach where you are today.

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-How important has that contribution

-been to your life?

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-Of course, I've taken a lot

-from the college.

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-I've learnt a lot.

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-You must remember you can't build

-a house without a foundation.

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-I feel I've had

-a good grounding at home...

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-..between, Dad, Taid and everyone.

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-Home, on the family farm in Bala,

-Dafydd learnt most of his skills.

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-The family farms 750 acres

-on an upland farm near Trawsfynydd.

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-They also farm 182 acres

-here at Penbryn Coch.

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-We turned out 1,150 sheep

-to the ram this year.

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-The main flock is at Trawsfynydd

-with 600 lambed outside.

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-There are 550 at Penbryn Coch,

-450 of them lambed indoors.

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-The other hundred

-are lambed out here.

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-You also keep cattle here.

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-We have some pedigree

-Welsh Black cattle.

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-We fatten the heifers we don't keep.

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-We sell the steers as stores...

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-..at 18-23 months old.

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-You're in college at the moment.

-How often are you at home?

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-I'm at the college four days a week.

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-I'm home at the weekends to help.

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-I won't be home for lambing

-this year.

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-I was away last year and I'll be

-lambing in Worcestershire this year.

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-That's good.

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-In terms of what you're learning,

-how do you relate that to the farm?

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-Are you starting to influence

-any changes on the farm?

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-Dad likes to remind me

-that not every farm is the same.

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-I feel that every farm

-can be improved in every way.

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-Nowhere is perfect.

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-I strongly believe

-that you can't stop learning...

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-..no matter how old you are

-or how much you think you know.

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-There's always something to learn.

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-Being willing to learn

-is so important.

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-There's more research happening.

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-There's no point being stubborn and

-sticking to what you've always done.

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-You must be willing to adapt

-in this day and age.

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-Dafydd's family are naturally

-very proud of his success.

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-Instrumental in encouraging Dafydd

-to his current success...

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-..is his father, Dylan.

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-Dylan, what were your expectations

-when Dafydd went to Paris?

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-Did you expect him to return

-as champion?

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-No, to be honest.

-He's only 18 years old.

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-We knew he was

-the youngest competitor.

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-We had quite a shock. He texted

-his mother to say he'd won.

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-Well done him!

-We didn't expect that at all.

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-Has that enthusiasm

-always been in him?

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-He's been at my side

-since he could walk...

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-..standing in the mud

-in his wellies!

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-That's always been his life.

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-It's good to know

-that there will be a succession.

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-He also has a brother

-and both of them enjoy farming.

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-I was hoping someone

-would succeed me on the farm.

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-I want them to go out and work for

-others first before returning home.

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-I think it's important to learn

-that Dad isn't always wrong!

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-Precisely.

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-Dafydd has a keen interest in

-the industry and has great ability.

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-What are his plans for the future?

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-After leaving Glynllifon,

-a year or two at Aberystwyth I hope.

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-Then New Zealand to work

-as a shearer or on a sheep farm.

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-Again, it's a chance to see

-something new and continue learning.

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-Do you talk to your friends

-about the future of agriculture?

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-There's uncertainty

-but are you confident?

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-You'll always need a farmer

-to put food on your table...

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-..three times a day.

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-There will be a future.

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-Whether that future is successful,

-who knows?

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-We'll always need farmers

-to farm the land.

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-We'll always need food producers.

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-The future will look brighter

-in a few years' time.

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-No farm is without a sheepdog

-these days.

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-Years ago, this cute breed,

-the Welsh Corgi...

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-..was king of the farmyard.

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-In 1956, over 8,000 Pembrokeshire

-Corgis were registered.

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-The success didn't last.

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-By 2014, the breed

-was designated vulnerable...

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-..with less than 300 registered.

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-I'm visiting

-the Llanddarog horse centre...

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-..to meet Ron and Debbie Thomas

-who've always kept corgis.

0:20:370:20:42

-I want to know more

-about the breed's situation today.

0:20:420:20:46

-There are 200 more registered

-with the Kennel Club than there was.

0:20:500:20:56

-A lot of them are reared

-without being registered.

0:20:560:21:00

-A lot more are actually born...

0:21:000:21:03

-..than are actually being recorded.

0:21:030:21:06

-Why do you think

-their popularity has increased?

0:21:060:21:10

-She's always kept them and I think

-a lot of it is down to the Queen...

0:21:100:21:15

-..and the Royal Family in general.

0:21:150:21:18

-The Chinese buy them.

0:21:180:21:20

-We know of one that went to Trinidad

-last month.

0:21:200:21:23

-That's in the Caribbean

-where the weather is hot.

0:21:240:21:28

-It cost 2,500 in transport costs

-to take the dog over there.

0:21:280:21:33

-At one time, French Bulldogs

-were linked to wealthy people.

0:21:340:21:39

-I think the Corgi has started

-to join that category.

0:21:390:21:44

-When people used to take hundreds

-of cattle up to London...

0:21:440:21:48

-..they would take a herd of Corgis

-with them.

0:21:490:21:52

-It's amazing.

0:21:520:21:53

-When I was at home, I remember

-Corgis snapping at cattle's hooves.

0:21:540:21:59

-They told me

-that's what the drovers did.

0:21:590:22:02

-They were quite sharp.

0:22:020:22:04

-They're strong and they're weighty.

0:22:040:22:07

-With an increase in the numbers

-of Pembrokeshire Corgis...

0:22:080:22:12

-..they're not now

-on the vulnerable list.

0:22:120:22:15

-What is their appeal?

0:22:150:22:17

-When I was a child,

-they were snappy.

0:22:170:22:20

-Their temperament has changed,

-they're much finer.

0:22:200:22:24

-What attracted you to the breed?

0:22:250:22:26

-What attracted you to the breed?

-

-I think their personality.

0:22:260:22:28

-They're little dogs.

0:22:290:22:30

-They've got huge characters.

0:22:300:22:33

-They're very easy to have about

-with the horses, they're not snappy.

0:22:340:22:38

-They're just lovely characters.

0:22:390:22:41

-All you have to do

-is look at that face.

0:22:410:22:46

-When they're older, they're nicer.

0:22:480:22:51

-They're faithful animals.

0:22:510:22:53

-Can you imagine being without them?

0:22:530:22:56

-Definitely not.

0:22:570:22:58

-Who knows, Corgis might become

-working dogs on our farms...

0:22:590:23:05

-..and kings of the farmyard again.

0:23:050:23:07

-That's all for this week.

0:23:090:23:11

-Thank you for joining us. Cheerio.

0:23:110:23:15

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:330:23:35

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0:23:350:23:36

Cawn glywed am effaith cwn yn poeni defaid ar ffermwyr a'r cyngor diweddaraf ar wasgaru slyri. How dogs worrying sheep affects farmers and the latest advice on spreading silage.