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-The effect of leaving dogs loose
-in the countryside.
-The problem still exists
-and it's getting worse.
-Also tonight, the latest advice
-about spreading slurry responsibly.
-We have problems,
-we have a long way to go...
-..but I think we've turned a corner.
-Alun meets an 18-year-old
-European champion from Bala.
-It was a shock to hear I'd won.
-for one of our Welsh dog breeds.
-12 months ago, I visited a farm
-in Borth-y-Gest near Porthmadog...
-..to discuss the problem
-of dogs attacking and killing sheep.
-that we're now in 2018...
-..and we're still discussing
-the same subject...
-..and the situation
-is getting worse, not better.
-an NFU Mutual survey...
-..80% of people say
-they walk their dogs in rural areas.
-7% of those admit that their dogs
-chase farm animals.
-One farmer who's suffered
-his fair share of losses...
-..is Derek Jones,
-Bryn Ibod, Tremeirchion.
-The last loss was three sheep
-and eight or nine were injured...
-..after the attack
-that happened that day.
-I arrived back from the auction,
-I'd taken a phone call already.
-I was told that a dog
-was in the field.
-On my return, I was told
-that the dog had been there...
-..for two and a half hours.
-He'd attacked the sheep.
-Three had been attacked so badly,
-Was the dog destroyed?
-Yes. That's one of the conditions
-of returning the dog.
-It had to be destroyed.
-You'll get nothing but trouble.
-It'll do the same again.
-Once it learns how to kill,
-it'll kill again.
-The North Wales Police
-rural crime team...
-..takes every case of attacks
-on farm animals seriously.
-One member of the team
-is Constable Dewi Evans.
-We've been tackling the
-problem over the last four years.
-The problem still exists
-and it's getting worse.
-Dogs attack sheep all the time.
-We have around 100 different
-attacks in North Wales every year.
-Are these attacks similar?
-Every attacks is different,
-every attack is unacceptable.
-We're putting together
-a set of recommendations...
-..to pass on to the government.
-Those recommendations outline the
-changes we want to see in the law...
-..to tackle this problem.
-The current law was introduced
-in 1953 and it's time to change it.
-The different recommendations
-tackle the problem...
-..from different directions.
-If we suspect a dog
-of attacking a sheep...
-..we want the power
-to enter the home...
-..and take a sample
-of the dog's DNA...
-..to compare it
-with the sheep's injuries.
-According to a report by the
-National Police Chiefs Council...
-..since 2013, at least 1,000 sheep
-have been killed in North Wales.
-50 dogs have been destroyed
-and 100 attacks on farm animals...
-..happen every year.
-How do you understand the law
-as it is right now?
-What is the law
-relating to dogs chasing sheep?
-As it happens, the last time,
-we captured the dog.
-We managed to get it
-into the trailer.
-The policeman told me...
-..that if I'd destroyed the dog
-when it was under control...
-..I would have been prosecuted
-under livestock protection.
-It would have been a crime.
-Can you explain to me, Dewi...
-..what rights farmers have...
-..if they see a dog
-attacking their livestock...
-..or if they suspect that a dog
-has attacked their sheep?
-If a farmer can see a dog
-attacking the sheep...
-..the farmer has a right
-to shoot that dog...
-..if the attack is continuing.
-They must notify us
-within 48 hours of what's happened.
-Do you have public footpaths
-on your land?
-Yes, I do.
-Public footpaths cross the farmland
-in different places.
-Is that a nuisance for you?
-Yes. Yes, it is.
-The main problem is having people
-walking along the footpaths...
-..who care little about releasing
-their dogs on the farmland.
-They can see sheep in the field.
-It's pure nonsense.
-It says on the gate,
-or on the stile...
-.."Please keep dogs on leads."
-They still let them loose.
-The answer I'm always given is,
-"It won't do any harm."
-You can't guarantee that.
-What are a farmer's rights
-when he sees someone on his land...
-..on a public footpath
-walking a dog without a lead?
-Do we have the right to ask that
-walker to place the dog on a lead?
-Any farmer has a right
-to challenge someone...
-..and ask them
-to place their dog on a lead.
-If a crime has happened, phone
-the police and we'll take over.
-The truth of the matter is...
-..the dog owners have the power
-to stop attacks.
-The farmer can only go so far.
-This message is for dog owners. They
-should control their animals better.
-How do you feel
-after these experiences?
-It's very unpleasant
-for us as producers...
-..and it's also unpleasant
-for the dog owners.
-The dogs are their pets.
-At the end of the day, these dogs
-will be destroyed if they attack.
-Let's hope that the situation
-..and we'll have far less attacks
-in the future.
-Having the ideal conditions for
-spreading slurry can be difficult...
-..especially with all the rain and
-inclement weather we've experienced.
-What's the general advice offered...
-..for spreading slurry
-without harming the environment?
-Ioan Williams leads
-the Natural Resources Wales team...
-He offers farmers advice...
-..on how to safeguard the
-environment when spreading slurry.
-We advise farmers
-to check the weather conditions.
-Don't spread slurry
-when rain is forecast.
-It's very frustrating for farmers.
-We've hardly had 48 hours
-No-one said it was easy.
-This is a major problem.
-We sympathise with farmers,
-their storehouses are full.
-Contractors want to move on
-to the next farm.
-Farmers need to have a map
-they can show contractors...
-..to highlight the streams
-They should stay 10m away from them.
-The contractor might not be sure
-of the location of the streams.
-How much effect does slurry have
-on the river?
-It has a significant effect.
-When the slurry seeps into streams,
-it takes oxygen out of the water.
-That can destroy fish.
-It also affects the river's ecology.
-There have been cases this year
-that caused you problems.
-We've had problems with slurry
-being spread too thickly.
-It's been spread on the wrong fields
-at the wrong time.
-There are still some problems
-and we have a long way to go.
-I think we've turned the corner.
-The industry is looking at it
-They've identified the problem
-and they're working together...
-..to find a solution.
-We've heard about accidents
-linked to slurry on farms.
-How do you deal with this?
-Give us a ring,
-someone will come out and decide...
-..how to lessen the impact
-the slurry will have on the river.
-Farmers are looking at slurry as
-something to use, not to dispose.
-If there's enough storage
-on the farm...
-..farmers have the option to spread
-it at the right time of year.
-Contractors with over
-18 years experience...
-..are Daniel James and family
-from Stepside Agri.
-This winter has been one
-of the worst for the business...
-..because the weather
-has been so poor.
-It's been raining at some point
-We've had customers phoning up
-to say lagoons had filled overnight.
-We had to act like a fire brigade
-service and pump the stuff out.
-We have to watch out
-for ourselves too.
-It comes back on us as contractors
-as it does for the farmer...
-..when pollution happens
-and slurry seeps into the river.
-Because of the responsibility,
-you've decided to invest.
-Tell us more about that.
-The GPS we've invested in, it maps
-the park and provides information.
-The flow meter on the injector
-communicates with the tractor.
-If a pollutant incident happens
-and slurry gets into the river...
-..we have traceability.
-That's what everyone wants
-They want a paper trail
-and traceability on the slurry.
-Over a year ago, the Welsh
-Government started a consultation...
-the most effective way...
-..to decrease nitrate pollution
-There were two options.
-Setting regulations about spreading
-slurry in specific areas...
-..the Nitrate Vulnerable Zone...
-..or administering the plan
-across the whole of Wales.
-The consultation received a
-good response but what was decided?
-Leading the response is the Cabinet
-Minister for Energy, Planning...
-..and Rural Affairs,
-We had 256 responses
-which is an incredible number.
-Some of the responses
-had very good ideas in them.
-I decided that whilst the voluntary
-approach wasn't working...
-..I didn't want to go to
-a full regulatory approach either.
-It was a balance
-between voluntary and regulatory.
-A group is looking at this for me.
-I've told them that
-it's an unacceptable number...
-..of pollution incidents
-that we are seeing.
-You decided to take
-a farm-by-farm approach.
-What steps are you taking
-on these particular farms?
-We're looking at individual farms.
-The majority of responses,
-60% of the responses...
-..wanted me to do an all-Wales
-territory response to this.
-I didn't want to
-bring legislation in.
-It's better to work
-with our partners...
-..and they're keen to work with me.
-over the next few weeks...
-..we'll see some good responses and
-good suggestions to take forward.
-It's time for a break.
-After the break, Alun meets
-an European champion from Bala.
-See you soon.
-The Six Nations rugby championship
-is drawing to a close.
-We beat the Italians
-over the weekend...
-..but we won't win
-any trophies this weekend.
-In a recent competition
-for young shepherds...
-..the first prize came back to Bala.
-18-year-old Dafydd Davies
-from Penbryn Coch, Parc, Bala...
-..competed in the final of Europe's
-best shepherd competition in Paris.
-He won the competition.
-on your achievement.
-Did you expect it?
-Was it a shock that you won?
-Yes, to be honest.
-I went there with little hope.
-It was a huge shock
-when I discovered I'd won.
-Tell us about the opportunity
-you had to go to Paris initially.
-It started back in May.
-The Welsh NSA show.
-I was joint first there.
-I was fortunate to be chosen
-to represent Wales in Europe.
-I reached the European stages...
-..and the next stop
-is the Malvern NSA show.
-Tell us what you had to do
-in the competition?
-We had an exam paper
-to complete in the morning...
-..on the knowledge we had
-about the sheep industry.
-We had to recognise ten different
-You must've had to prepare for that.
-We had a list of the breeds,
-there were about 45 to memorise.
-It was then just a matter
-of recognising them.
-Glynllifon nominated and helped you
-reach where you are today.
-How important has that contribution
-been to your life?
-Of course, I've taken a lot
-from the college.
-I've learnt a lot.
-You must remember you can't build
-a house without a foundation.
-I feel I've had
-a good grounding at home...
-..between, Dad, Taid and everyone.
-Home, on the family farm in Bala,
-Dafydd learnt most of his skills.
-The family farms 750 acres
-on an upland farm near Trawsfynydd.
-They also farm 182 acres
-here at Penbryn Coch.
-We turned out 1,150 sheep
-to the ram this year.
-The main flock is at Trawsfynydd
-with 600 lambed outside.
-There are 550 at Penbryn Coch,
-450 of them lambed indoors.
-The other hundred
-are lambed out here.
-You also keep cattle here.
-We have some pedigree
-Welsh Black cattle.
-We fatten the heifers we don't keep.
-We sell the steers as stores...
-..at 18-23 months old.
-You're in college at the moment.
-How often are you at home?
-I'm at the college four days a week.
-I'm home at the weekends to help.
-I won't be home for lambing
-I was away last year and I'll be
-lambing in Worcestershire this year.
-In terms of what you're learning,
-how do you relate that to the farm?
-Are you starting to influence
-any changes on the farm?
-Dad likes to remind me
-that not every farm is the same.
-I feel that every farm
-can be improved in every way.
-Nowhere is perfect.
-I strongly believe
-that you can't stop learning...
-..no matter how old you are
-or how much you think you know.
-There's always something to learn.
-Being willing to learn
-is so important.
-There's more research happening.
-There's no point being stubborn and
-sticking to what you've always done.
-You must be willing to adapt
-in this day and age.
-Dafydd's family are naturally
-very proud of his success.
-Instrumental in encouraging Dafydd
-to his current success...
-..is his father, Dylan.
-Dylan, what were your expectations
-when Dafydd went to Paris?
-Did you expect him to return
-No, to be honest.
-He's only 18 years old.
-We knew he was
-the youngest competitor.
-We had quite a shock. He texted
-his mother to say he'd won.
-Well done him!
-We didn't expect that at all.
-Has that enthusiasm
-always been in him?
-He's been at my side
-since he could walk...
-..standing in the mud
-in his wellies!
-That's always been his life.
-It's good to know
-that there will be a succession.
-He also has a brother
-and both of them enjoy farming.
-I was hoping someone
-would succeed me on the farm.
-I want them to go out and work for
-others first before returning home.
-I think it's important to learn
-that Dad isn't always wrong!
-Dafydd has a keen interest in
-the industry and has great ability.
-What are his plans for the future?
-After leaving Glynllifon,
-a year or two at Aberystwyth I hope.
-Then New Zealand to work
-as a shearer or on a sheep farm.
-Again, it's a chance to see
-something new and continue learning.
-Do you talk to your friends
-about the future of agriculture?
-but are you confident?
-You'll always need a farmer
-to put food on your table...
-..three times a day.
-There will be a future.
-Whether that future is successful,
-We'll always need farmers
-to farm the land.
-We'll always need food producers.
-The future will look brighter
-in a few years' time.
-No farm is without a sheepdog
-Years ago, this cute breed,
-the Welsh Corgi...
-..was king of the farmyard.
-In 1956, over 8,000 Pembrokeshire
-Corgis were registered.
-The success didn't last.
-By 2014, the breed
-was designated vulnerable...
-..with less than 300 registered.
-the Llanddarog horse centre...
-..to meet Ron and Debbie Thomas
-who've always kept corgis.
-I want to know more
-about the breed's situation today.
-There are 200 more registered
-with the Kennel Club than there was.
-A lot of them are reared
-without being registered.
-A lot more are actually born...
-..than are actually being recorded.
-Why do you think
-their popularity has increased?
-She's always kept them and I think
-a lot of it is down to the Queen...
-..and the Royal Family in general.
-The Chinese buy them.
-We know of one that went to Trinidad
-That's in the Caribbean
-where the weather is hot.
-It cost 2,500 in transport costs
-to take the dog over there.
-At one time, French Bulldogs
-were linked to wealthy people.
-I think the Corgi has started
-to join that category.
-When people used to take hundreds
-of cattle up to London...
-..they would take a herd of Corgis
-When I was at home, I remember
-Corgis snapping at cattle's hooves.
-They told me
-that's what the drovers did.
-They were quite sharp.
-They're strong and they're weighty.
-With an increase in the numbers
-of Pembrokeshire Corgis...
-..they're not now
-on the vulnerable list.
-What is their appeal?
-When I was a child,
-they were snappy.
-Their temperament has changed,
-they're much finer.
-What attracted you to the breed?
-What attracted you to the breed?
-I think their personality.
-They're little dogs.
-They've got huge characters.
-They're very easy to have about
-with the horses, they're not snappy.
-They're just lovely characters.
-All you have to do
-is look at that face.
-When they're older, they're nicer.
-They're faithful animals.
-Can you imagine being without them?
-Who knows, Corgis might become
-working dogs on our farms...
-..and kings of the farmyard again.
-That's all for this week.
-Thank you for joining us. Cheerio.
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.