Mon, 19 Mar 2018 Ffermio


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Mon, 19 Mar 2018

Sut mae llyngyr yn effeithio ar fywyd ar y fferm eleni a phrofiad gwaith arbennig i ddau fyfyriwr amaeth. How are worms affecting life on Welsh farms and what's the future for o...


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-Will Brexit destroy

-the organic sector?

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-I trust this sector

-more than the conventional sector.

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-Also on the programme,

-a bad year for sheep farmers...

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-..as fluke spreads

-through their flocks.

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-Once a sheep gets fluke,

-there's no recovery.

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-Work experience for two students.

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-Huw and Wil have benefited

-from an exciting opportunity...

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-..with a Swedish company.

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-It's been exceptionally wet since

-last summer and generally mild.

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-Perfect conditions for the mud

-snail, the key host for liver fluke.

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-The end result

-is infection in sheep.

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-Liver fluke in sheep

-is an increasing problem.

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-Scientific models suggest

-that Wales is a region...

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-..with one of the highest risks in

-the European Union for liver fluke.

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-One Welsh abattoir has noted...

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-..that the number of infected sheep

-has risen almost 3% since last year.

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-There's no simple answer

-to the problem.

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-Many flocks have developed

-resistance to fluke treatments.

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-Vet Dafydd Jones visits farms

-to give advice on this matter.

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-He works at the Ystwyth Vet Practice

-in Aberystwyth.

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-It affects sheep in one of two ways.

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-The most severe form which causes

-fatalities happens in the autumn.

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-You'll find dead sheep

-on the farm...

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-..because of the effect the fluke

-has on the liver.

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-What can also happen,

-which is a more long-term problem...

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-..is sheep losing form.

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-That tends to happen over

-the winter months and into spring.

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-Has this year been challenging

-in terms of liver fluke?

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-We're aware of some heavy losses

-as a result of fluke.

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-The losses are continuing now.

-If we've looked for it, it's there.

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-That's becoming a lot more common.

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-This is the worst year

-I can remember.

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-Hefin Hughes, Tynohir,

-Derwenlas, near Aberystwyth...

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-..has had to change his farming

-methods because of this parasite.

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-We've had to treat sheep

-for fluke every year...

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-..but we've kept on top of it.

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-Three years ago, we felt

-the losses were mounting up.

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-The scanning percentage

-was falling...

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-..and the condition

-of the sheep was falling.

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-We felt that we were dosing

-for fluke more often...

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-..over the last year and two years,

-especially after the wet winters.

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-Was this a problem

-on a particular part of land...

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-..or just a general problem

-on the low lying areas?

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-We had problem on some rented land.

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-Crossbred sheep were grazing there

-and they had the fluke problem.

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-It was at its worst

-in November, December and January.

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-That's one of the reasons

-we built this tunnel...

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-..to store the crossbred sheep.

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-We wanted to get them off the land

-at the time of year fluke hit them.

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-The sheep we were losing

-were the sheep carrying twins...

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-..and under most stress.

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-The losses were getting worse

-every year.

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-We've stopped renting

-that piece of land now.

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-The losses had become too much.

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-We were losing sheep...

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-..but we were also losing sheep

-who were carrying twins.

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-Is there something farmers can do

-to target infected land?

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-Yes, and that's always

-been discussed.

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-It's easier said than done sometimes

-with that.

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-It makes sense to try

-and avoid land with the most risk...

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-..wetlands and bog land.

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-If it's possible not to graze

-sheep there in the autumn...

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-..that will help,

-but it's not always possible.

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-The choices for treatment.

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-Do we have to be careful

-what products we use?

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-Yes and no.

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-The main treatment, triclabendazole,

-is found in different products.

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-That's one of the old doses,

-it's been on the market for years.

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-Unfortunately, it's become

-less effective than it was...

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-..to the extent that on some farms,

-it doesn't work at all.

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-The problem is that's the only one

-that kills the small fluke...

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-..during the autumn and that's

-the fluke that causes fatalities.

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-To treat the older fluke in spring,

-there are half a dozen treatments.

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-By checking which treatments

-farmers have used over the years...

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-..you can use different treatments

-to make sure they're effective.

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-The problem we're seeing right now

-is the triclabendazole...

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-..and we're seeing cases where

-it hasn't worked during the autumn.

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-You can use it at the right time

-and only when you need to use it.

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-Once it stops working,

-it stops working.

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-With all these challenges facing

-him, how will Hefin arm himself...

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-..to reduce the risk of liver fluke

-in his flock?

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-We've had some medical advice

-but every farm is different.

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-At the end of the day,

-you have to do what suits your farm.

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-We felt that we were dosing

-more often...

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-..and we'd changed

-from one dose to a dose...

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-..that only treated

-the adult stage of the fluke...

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-..and because it only treated

-the adult stage...

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-..we were dosing more often.

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-We felt that if something

-wasn't done...

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-..we were dosing so often, we'd

-create problems for ourselves...

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-..in the long term.

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-With any other illness,

-sheep tend to recover.

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-With sheep scab,

-sheep will get over it.

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-Once a sheep has fluke,

-it never recovers.

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-I can imagine that it causes a lot

-of stress on top of everything else.

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-It's added pressure for farmers.

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-There's nothing worse than

-looking after the sheep all year...

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-..you've given them a ram and you've

-looked after them all winter...

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-..and when you're about a month

-to six weeks before lambing...

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-..you start to lose lambs

-because of the fluke.

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-You've looked after them all year

-and then the fluke hits them.

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-It's heart-breaking.

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-The agricultural market

-has been very unsettled recently.

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-It's been a different story

-for the organic sector.

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-It's developed and grown

-and for the sixth successive year...

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-..there's been an increase in sales.

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-The organic market is worth 2.2bn

-a year to the United Kingdom.

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-The number of organic farms in Wales

-has remained settled for years.

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-There are just over 500 of them

-at the moment.

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-Dafydd Owen is an organic farmer

-and secretary of the Organic Forum.

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-What we've seen

-over the last 3-4 years...

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-..is the value

-of the British organic market...

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-..returning to the level

-it was at in 2008.

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-That's interesting for two reasons.

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-If you look at the organic market

-in the context of ethical food...

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-..such as Fair Trade

-or RSPCA Freedom Foods...

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-..the ethical food market

-as a whole has continued to grow.

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-It shows that customers

-are happy to pay for something...

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-..beyond the food itself.

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-Something else that's interesting is

-events in other parts of the world.

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-The British market

-grew 6-7% last year...

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-..but in Europe,

-it's growing twice as fast.

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-In America it's 10% and in China,

-it's half as much again.

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-What do you think is the reason

-behind this growth?

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-We've had numerous food scares

-to focus our minds.

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-Attention is being given to how food

-is produced and its traceability.

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-The link between food and health

-is more important to people.

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-This is behind the rise

-in the market as a whole.

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-Great news for the organic sector.

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-The produce is selling well

-but is this reflected...

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-..in the farmer's pocket?

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-I produce organic lamb myself

-and I do get a premium.

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-If I could produce

-the lamb earlier...

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-..I could fetch another 25p/kilo.

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-There have been benefits

-in the milk sector...

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-..but the milk sector as a whole has

-struggled over the past two years.

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-What's helped organic producers...

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-..is the commitment from customers

-to organic food and produce.

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-For that reason, milk prices

-for farmers have been stable.

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-Dai Miles from Haverfordwest...

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-..is an organic farmer and director

-of Calon Wen dairy company.

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-We've been very fortunate.

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-There's less volatility

-in the organic sector.

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-The price has dropped a little

-like everything else in the market.

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-The key is supply and demand.

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-When I started, the price was

-about 28p. It went down to 23/24p.

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-It's back up today to 38-40p.

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-That makes business easier,

-you can plan better.

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-Our costs are different,

-our stocking rate is different.

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-It's not always great but we're

-fortunate in the organic sector...

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-..that supply and demand

-is a lot more even...

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-..than it is

-in the conventional sector.

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-The organic market dipped

-between 2006 and 2008.

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-Since then, we've regained

-the ground we lost...

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-..and it's still growing.

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-As a business, Calon Wen has seen

-an increase of 18% in our produce...

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-..on the branded side.

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-Gerald Miles grows vegetables

-and keeps cattle, sheep and pigs.

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-In St David's

-he has set up a community...

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-..for local organic farmers.

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-We have five acres

-and two polytunnels.

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-We have 60 families on board.

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-They receive vegetables every week.

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-People buying from us do so because

-they are concerned about health...

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-..and what creates good health.

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-More research

-is published every year...

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-..about the effects of chemicals

-in our food.

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-One thing I want to create

-on this farm...

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-..is CSA out of the beef cattle

-we rear here.

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-I've seen it done in France.

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-The families

-buy the calves together.

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-They help by paying the

-maintenance costs of the animal...

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-..until it's served on a plate.

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-Then they share the meat afterwards.

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-The French respect their food

-a lot more.

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-We need to bring respect

-back to farming...

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-..and bring respect back to food.

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-Now is the time.

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-That's the success of the organic

-sector but what of the future...

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-..and the Brexit effect?

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-This, and two students learning

-about farming methods in Europe...

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-..coming up after the break.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-In Part 1, we heard about the growth

-of the organic sector in Wales.

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-It's worth 2.2bn

-to the British economy.

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-In European countries,

-the sector is even larger.

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-It's worth 33.5bn Euros.

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-With a year left before we leave

-the European Union...

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-..how do farmers feel

-about the future?

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-Can they see opportunities?

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-Here's dairy farmer Dai Miles.

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-How do you foresee the organic

-sector working after Brexit?

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-I don't have a crystal ball,

-I don't know the answer.

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-I don't think anyone knows.

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-From what I can see

-and what I read...

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-..the dairy sector as a whole

-will come out of this the best.

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-Dafydd Owen is more cautious.

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-Looking forward, what are

-your concerns for the sector?

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-There are two elements,

-one is the market.

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-I think we have to work on the basis

-that agreement will be made...

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-..and we'll continue

-to trade with Europe.

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-The other element is support.

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-If there's no support

-or a rise in the market price...

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-..I'll have to think hard

-about what I'll do in 2020.

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-I'll remain organic for at least

-a year in 2020 to see what happens.

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-After that,

-we'll need to see some light.

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-Gerald Miles, an organic farmer

-for the past 20 years...

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-..has a very different vision.

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-I trust this sector more than

-the conventional sector.

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-The conventional sector

-is increasingly standing still.

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-It's killing itself.

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-It's producing far too much

-for the market...

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-..and supermarkets have a free rein

-to do as they wish.

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-On the other hand, organic farming

-won't progress in the same way.

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-It's going to progress differently.

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-Smaller farms will appear,

-younger farmers will appear.

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-That will create more of a local

-market and that's the way forward.

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-The organic sector will be reliant

-on the country's economy.

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-They'll hope for a strong economy.

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-We don't import

-much organic produce.

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-I'm confident.

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-I'm going to continue and grow.

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-Many Welsh agriculture students are

-on work experience across Britain.

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-Two from Glynllifon have ventured

-a little further.

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-They've gone all the way to Sweden.

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-Huw Owen and Wil Ifan Parry

-are the two lucky students.

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-They'll spend a month

-on dairy farms in Sweden.

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-Sweden is one

-of the Scandinavian countries...

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-..that joined the European Union

-in 1995...

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-..even though it's not part

-of the European currency system.

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-In terms of agriculture,

-forestry claims 69% of the land.

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-Crop growing and cattle

-are also important.

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-Similar to Wales,

-there are many family farms.

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-The number of farms is falling

-but the size of farms is increasing.

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-The dairy industry has shrunk

-over the last decade...

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-..and there are concerns

-about its future.

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-In terms of the economy,

-milking remains important.

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-Huw is 18 years old and lives on Is

-Helen farm near Caernarfon Castle.

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-Tell me more about Is Helen farm,

-Huw.

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-140 acres.

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-We have a herd of 30 suckler cows.

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-Half of them calve in the spring

-and the other half in the autumn.

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-We sell about a thousand bales

-for horses throughout the year.

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-We also run a caravan park here.

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-Ten miles away,

-Pengelli Isaf dairy farm...

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-..is home to Huw's friend

-and the second lucky student...

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-..Wil Ifan Parry.

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-Tell me more about Pengelli Isaf,

-Wil.

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-We're predominantly a dairy farm but

-we also have sheep and beef cattle.

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-A little of everything.

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-What's your role on the farm

-when you're not in college?

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-I milk throughout the year.

-I help out with the calving.

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-At this time of year,

-I'm lambing too.

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-This is the first link between

-the college and the Swedish farms.

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-Nia Lloyd Davies from Glynllifon

-tells me more.

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-The college farm has worked closely

-with Viking Genetics UK.

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-It's an international company.

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-That's where the link with

-two dairy farms in Sweden started.

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-It will be a great experience for

-the brave souls heading to Sweden.

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-Huw and Wil have benefited

-from an exciting opportunity.

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-We dearly hope we can continue

-this working relationship...

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-..with the company

-and with the farms in Sweden.

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-This is an unique opportunity

-for any young farmer.

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-How were they chosen

-in the first place?

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-We had interviews with Rhodri,

-the farm manager.

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-He chose the best students

-and I'm fortunate to be one of them.

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-You're experienced with cattle.

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-Do you have any experience

-of the dairy sector?

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-A little.

-I work on a dairy farm up the road.

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-That's a good experience.

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-I hope to be able

-to extend that experience.

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-It's a busy time in Pengelli Isaf.

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-What can Wil Ifan expect

-out in Sweden?

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-Do you know what to expect

-out there?

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-I think most of the work

-will involve milking.

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-270 dairy cattle.

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-250 sheep.

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-What do Wil Ifan's parents think

-about this opportunity?

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-It gives us a sense of pride

-to see him going.

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-I never took the opportunity

-to gain this experience.

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-It might have been a lack

-of confidence on my part.

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-He has enough confidence

-to give it a go.

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-Young people look

-at these opportunities differently.

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-The horizons are getting further

-away and it's easier to go.

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-They see things on Facebook

-and they see these opportunities...

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-..beyond the farm.

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-They're making the most of it.

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-A time will come when they'll face

-the pressures of life.

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-What do you hope he gets

-from this opportunity?

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-I hope he'll see some new ideas

-and different methods of farming.

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-We might be too narrow-minded

-sometimes...

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-..and not open to new ideas.

0:21:130:21:15

-We don't really know what kind

-of a place Sweden is for farming.

0:21:150:21:20

-Is it hot or cold?

-What is the land like?

0:21:200:21:23

-Are the cattle in or out? It'll be

-interesting when he comes home.

0:21:230:21:29

-Looking forward to it?

0:21:290:21:30

-Looking forward to it?

-

-Oh, yes, looking forward to it.

0:21:300:21:32

-Then I can get him home to work!

0:21:320:21:34

-He'll have some new gear

-when he comes home.

0:21:350:21:38

-Tudur, Wil Ifan's father,

-can see the benefits.

0:21:390:21:43

-How will the boys benefit?

0:21:430:21:45

-It's an excellent opportunity

-for students to build confidence...

0:21:450:21:50

-..and put the knowledge they gain

-to work back here...

0:21:500:21:54

-..and use it practically

-in the world of work.

0:21:550:21:58

-It's also a chance for them

-to grow up.

0:21:580:22:01

-You've already been

-on work experience.

0:22:060:22:09

-Did that change you as a student?

0:22:090:22:12

-Yes, I went to Glan Conwy last year,

-to a dairy farm with 500 cattle.

0:22:130:22:19

-It was a huge change

-compared to here.

0:22:210:22:24

-The scale of the stock, and

-everything else, was much greater.

0:22:240:22:30

-I had to live with different people.

0:22:300:22:32

-What do you hope to gain

-from this Swedish trip?

0:22:330:22:36

-Do you have any targets in mind?

0:22:370:22:39

-I want to see if there are things

-we can do better here.

0:22:390:22:45

-Do they do something differently

-over there?

0:22:450:22:48

-I want to see how they work.

0:22:500:22:52

-You want to gain experience.

0:22:530:22:54

-You want to gain experience.

-

-I want to see everything.

0:22:540:22:56

-Wil Ifan is looking to the future.

0:22:560:22:58

-What are the possible challenges

-they face?

0:22:590:23:02

-They have 350 dairy cattle there

-and 700 animals in all.

0:23:030:23:08

-It'll be a great experience

-to see how they do it.

0:23:100:23:13

-You'll be a changed man

-when you come home.

0:23:130:23:17

-We'll see.

0:23:170:23:19

-Good luck to the boys on their month

-of work experience in Sweden.

0:23:250:23:29

-That's all for this programme.

0:23:290:23:32

-Thanks for your company.

-Goodbye to you all.

0:23:320:23:35

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:510:23:53

-.

0:23:530:23:54

Sut mae llyngyr yn effeithio ar fywyd ar y fferm eleni a phrofiad gwaith arbennig i ddau fyfyriwr amaeth. How are worms affecting life on Welsh farms and what's the future for organic farms?