Mon, 28 Aug 2017 Ffermio


Mon, 28 Aug 2017

Heno byddwn ni'n clywed am straeon ysbrydoledig rhai o ffermwyr ifanc Cymru. Tonight we'll hear about the inspirational stories of some of Wales' young farmers.


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Transcript


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-What happens if you want to farm but

-don't have the resources to do so?

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-We both wanted to farm.

-It's not easy.

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-If you want to start at the bottom,

-this is the best route.

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-Also on the programme, with emphasis

-being given to the environment...

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-..Daloni meets Llyr Jones

-who's part of a campaign...

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-..which highlight's farmers'

-positive impact on the environment.

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-Alun meets a young farmer

-who suffered a serious illness.

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-It made him even more determined

-to return to farming.

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-With the price of land

-about 7 an acre here in Wales...

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-..it's very expensive to buy a farm

-and start from the beginning.

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-Back in June, I visited

-Ynysau Uchaf in Pumsaint...

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-..to meet a young couple who

-were starting out as tenant farmers.

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-The farm was let as a farm business

-tenancy for 10 years...

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-..after the former owner

-decided to retire.

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-Almost 30 people applied for

-the tenancy of the 200-acre farm.

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-Arwel Jenkins,

-an agricultural engineer...

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-..and Gail Lewis, a land agent,

-were the successful couple.

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-Both of us

-wanted to move into agriculture.

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-We wanted

-to try our hand at farming.

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-Maybe we wanted a different route

-to the traditional...

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-..but we definitely

-wanted to try farming.

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-It's so difficult

-to buy and stock a farm these days.

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-When the tenancy of this farm

-came up...

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-..it was an opportunity for us

-to apply.

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-How difficult

-was the application process?

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-The application process was fine.

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-There was an open day here first.

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-We walked around the farm

-and looked at all the buildings...

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-..to try and decide

-what we wanted to do with the farm.

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-The most difficult part

-was deciding what we wanted to do...

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-..to try and create a business plan

-which would work for us...

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-..and suited the farm

-and the National Trust.

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-How does that balance work...

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-..between your individual careers

-and the farm?

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-We're both fortunate

-to have good employers.

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-I only work four days a week now.

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-Gail can work from home too.

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-She's available during the week

-if there's a problem.

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-That makes it work,

-between the two of us.

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-It would be difficult

-as an individual.

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-It's important initially to

-make sure we generate an income...

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-..because we've bought

-a lot of stock up to now.

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-Why do you believe that

-a tenancy was the answer for you?

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-It gives a young couple

-the opportunity...

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-..to take a step into the industry.

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-It's not easy.

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-This is the best route

-if you're starting out.

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-We're running our own business.

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-It's giving us a record as a young

-couple starting out in agriculture.

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-If we can afford to buy a farm

-in the future...

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-..we can continue to develop.

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-Both are working on a project

-to rear calves with R&B Beef...

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-..to provide beef for restaurants

-in England and Wales.

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-They started with 100 Aberdeen Angus

-calves in their dairy herd...

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-..and hope to grow significantly

-in the near future.

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-Whose idea was it

-to rear the calves?

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-I think it was probably my idea.

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-On the open day,

-we were both walking around...

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-..and we realised

-that there were buildings here...

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-..we wouldn't use

-throughout the year.

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-Both of us wanted to do something

-a little different.

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-I was fortunate enough in 2014

-to become a Nuffield Scholar.

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-I met someone who was looking into

-the possibility of keeping calves...

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-..and trying to produce beef

-from dairy cattle.

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-We discussed the possibility

-of using the same system...

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-..in our business if we were

-fortunate enough to have a farm.

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-I think it was something

-we identified...

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-..as being able to bring in

-a profit every month...

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-..as opposed

-to once or twice a year.

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-That was important to us,

-especially at the very beginning.

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-How does this business work?

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-They arrive here

-when they're two weeks old...

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-..from a farm near Carmarthen.

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-They're on milk, on a machine,

-until they're eight weeks old.

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-When they come off milk,

-they end up in this shed...

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-..and we feed them cake and straw.

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-That continues

-until they're six months old.

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-From then on,

-they go to a finishing unit.

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-We hope we can keep

-a significant number out.

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-About half will stay with us

-on grass over the summer.

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-We have plenty of pasture

-for them here.

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-It will suit us to have some cattle

-out on the fields.

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-We want a balance of cattle

-and sheep to manage the pasture.

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-In terms of your business...

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-..how much value do these cattle

-add to the business?

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-I'd say that these are responsible

-for generating most of the profit.

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-We're the first in Wales to join

-this company. We'll see how it goes.

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-As well as the calves,

-they keep 350 sheep.

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-Some are Welsh mountain sheep,

-the rest are mules.

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-How familiar were you with sheep?

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-I didn't know much about them.

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-I don't think I'd pulled a lamb

-before starting here.

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-Lambing went well for us.

-Arwel learnt very quickly!

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-We had sheep on the farm

-when I was a child.

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-I was always out with Dad or Taid

-with the sheep.

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-Lambing went well.

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-We've learnt a lot. We know what

-we'll do differently next year.

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-It was a good learning curve.

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-We enjoyed it, we enjoyed

-doing it here for the first time.

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-It's nice to see the sheep

-growing in the fields.

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-Things are starting to change.

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-How did the Welsh mule

-compare to the Welsh sheep?

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-The Welsh sheep has fared better

-here this year, no doubt about it.

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-The lambs have grown quickly.

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-They haven't needed much attention.

-We can see them growing.

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-Some of them are almost ready to go.

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-With the Welsh mule, they're

-slightly behind the Welsh sheep.

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-In terms of the lambs,

-you sell them in groups.

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-Yes, we've been fortunate

-at Ynysau...

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-..to join the Dolaucothi Lamb Group.

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-Arwyn, the former tenant here...

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-..established the group initially.

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-We're glad we had the opportunity

-to join the group.

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-There's a good history

-to the group over the years...

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-..and good quality stock

-is being produced on the estate.

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-That's very important

-for our produce in the future.

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-By now, Arwel and Gail

-have settled at Ynysau Uchaf.

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-What are their plans for the future?

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-Brexit became the headline

-just when we started at Ynysau.

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-We have to be honest,

-we did consider it seriously.

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-We reviewed our business plan and

-made sure everything stacked up...

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-..after Brexit.

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-I think we only dwelled on it

-for one night.

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-If you want to work in agriculture,

-you must persevere and move forward.

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-Nobody really knows

-what Brexit will mean for us.

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-We were both adamant

-we wanted to work in agriculture...

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-..and it was now or never.

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-We had the opportunity

-and we had plenty of scope here.

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-Farms like this aren't often

-available so close to home.

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-We're giving it a good shot

-to try and secure our future.

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-We have to be positive.

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-We can't go into this

-with a negative attitude.

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-You have to be confident

-about the future.

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-We hope

-it'll be worth it eventually.

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-It's a ten-year tenancy.

-Are you looking forward to it?

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-Yes, it'll go quickly!

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-I hope we'll...

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-It'll be interesting to see

-how things change...

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-..in the farming world

-over the next ten years.

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-We have to be ready to change too.

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-Things are changing,

-technology is progressing.

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-Things are moving on and we

-have to move on with the times.

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-A young enthusiastic couple

-who are working very hard.

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-Good luck to them.

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-We'll take a short break.

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-After the break,

-we catch up with Bryn Roberts.

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-His animals became his inspiration

-during his serious illness.

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-Stay right where you are!

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-With the political climate

-as it is right now...

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-..the views of farmers,

-and their role in the community...

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-..is becoming more important.

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-Hearing about their positive

-contribution to the environment...

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-..is also crucial.

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-In the Royal Welsh Show...

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-..Westminster's Environment

-Secretary, Michael Gove...

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-..emphasised the need

-for a subsidy system...

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-..which helps the environment

-and food production after Brexit.

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-Many Welsh farmers

-have turned to social media...

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-..especially Twitter...

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-..to explain how they can

-combine farming, conservation...

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-..and environmental protection.

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-One of them is Llyr Jones,

-Derwydd, Llanfihangel Glyn Myfyr...

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-..near Cerrig-y-Drudion.

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-What is the Environmental Success

-campaign?

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-The campaign started

-at the Royal Welsh in Builth.

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-Michael Gove announced that farmers

-wouldn't get subsidies for nothing.

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-They would have to care

-for the environment.

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-Environmental Success showed him,

-and many other people...

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-..that we're already doing

-a lot of work...

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-..because we are concerned

-about the environment.

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-We're trying our best

-to produce good quality food...

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-..which doesn't harm

-the environment.

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-Why turn to Twitter?

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-Twitter is a great way...

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-..to transfer your message

-to everyone.

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-You can be communicating to someone

-in the middle of London...

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-..who have no idea

-how their food is being produced.

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-They can see what we're doing.

-It's a good way of showing them.

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-Farms are particularly poor

-at selling themselves.

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-This is a cheap way of getting

-the right message out to people...

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-..who need to know about it.

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-We do a lot more

-than take the subsidies...

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-..and put it in our accounts.

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-We look after the environment

-and the land we farm.

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-Over the years,

-Llyr has changed the farm...

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-..from being only beef and sheep...

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-..to a farm which produces eggs

-and rapeseed oil.

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-How has Llyr made sure that

-the environment doesn't suffer?

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-We have a hydro system on the farm.

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-We have a solar system.

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-The ground source heat pump...

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-..harnesses the heat in the ground.

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-Because of all these,

-we don't have to buy any energy...

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-..to produce food.

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-We use what we need to produce

-the oil, the eggs or for the farm...

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-..and what we have in reserve

-is sold to the National Grid.

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-Additionally,

-you've done a lot more here.

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-The fencing

-on both sides of the river.

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-About three miles of fencing

-has been done on the farmland...

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-..to stop animals

-straying down to the stream...

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-..to pollute the water.

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-There are other places

-for them to get their water.

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-It helps us

-keep the quality of water high.

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-Part of your land

-is covered in heather.

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-We have 1,000 acres in Llandegla

-consisting of bracken and heather.

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-We cut it back every year to control

-the height of the heather...

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-..to provide a habitat

-for the black grouse.

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-All this hasn't happened overnight.

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-You've been working with

-the surrounding land for many years.

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-We were part of the Tir Gofal

-scheme before moving on to Glastir.

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-We've just continued

-what we were doing.

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-It works well for us.

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-It works well

-because it saves us money.

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-It's green, sustainable farming.

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-It works very well.

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-How much money do you save?

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-With the hens, you have 16,000.

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-I would say that you have high

-electricity costs every month.

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-I'd say it saves

-about 6,000 a year in electricity.

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-That's the cost of that.

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-All of my systems, solar,

-ground source or hydro...

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-..pays for itself within six years.

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-If it's over six years...

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-..I feel it's too long to get

-a return on your investment.

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-Looking to the future, how does

-he hope the industry will benefit...

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-..from sharing his message?

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-As farmers, we do as much as we can.

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-I don't feel as if we can do

-much more for the environment.

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-As farms, we don't

-promote the work we do enough.

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-We do a lot of good work,

-high quality work.

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-Farmers don't promote

-their work enough.

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-I feel we should do more

-to connect with our customers...

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-..and I think Twitter

-is the best way to do that.

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-The more farmers who do it,

-the better it will be.

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-In our next story, it's nice

-to see a passion for agriculture...

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-..helping someone

-overcome health problems.

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-We're farmers.

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-In college, I was taught

-to look after my stock...

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-..because it will look after me.

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-That's in financial terms,

-not in relation to your health.

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-The animals will be there after you.

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-Bryn Roberts from Penisa'r Waun

-was only 22 years old...

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-..when his world

-was turned upside-down a year ago.

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-It was July of last year,

-in Llanelwedd.

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-I visited the St John's stand.

-I had red spots all over my body.

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-It was hot.

-They diagnosed it as heat rash.

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-They gave me a pair of shorts

-and I wore them...

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-..but the spots didn't disappear,

-they were still there.

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-Anyway, I was milking

-every morning and night.

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-A lot of heifers would come through.

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-When heifers kicked out...

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-..I'd get a small bruise

-but these were substantial.

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-I was black and blue,

-black and blue.

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-It turned out to be leukaemia.

-That's what caused these bruises.

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-After that, I just carried on,

-despite these bruises and spots.

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-I didn't think

-about visiting my doctor.

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-I had a sore mouth by then.

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-They say your mouth is one

-of your most unhygienic places.

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-I had large sores and ulcers

-in my mouth.

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-I decided to visit my dentist.

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-My dentists pulled

-one of my teeth out.

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-It wasn't a rotten tooth...

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-..but there were numerous ulcers

-around that tooth.

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-It wouldn't stop bleeding

-after that.

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-I had my tooth pulled out

-on a Monday and it bled all week.

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-I'd had enough by the weekend.

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-I went to Ysbyty Gwynedd

-at midnight...

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-..and they didn't know

-what was wrong with me.

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-They sent me to Glan Clwyd.

-Taid drove me to Glan Clwyd.

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-It must have been 1.00am by then.

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-When we reached Glan Clwyd,

-they did some blood tests.

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-Taid had to return home...

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-..because I had some calves

-that needed to be fed in the shed.

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-Taid said he'd come back

-to fetch me later.

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-He wanted to make sure

-they could stop the bleeding.

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-That didn't happen

-once they told me what was wrong.

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-As well as farming suckler sheep

-and cattle with father Len...

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-..Bryn was also working

-on a dairy farm in Caernarfon.

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-After he was given

-the leukaemia diagnosis...

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-..he faced major decisions

-in his life.

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-Once I was diagnosed,

-I wanted to sell everything.

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-I wanted to sell the sheep

-and the cattle.

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-I didn't want anyone else

-doing my work.

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-Fair play, a lot of my friends,

-Taid, and my family...

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-..looked after the stock.

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-That's what happens -

-the community rally together.

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-They're more supportive

-than you could ever think.

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-I ended up selling seven heifers.

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-I'd wanted to keep them

-but they had to go.

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-It was too much work to feed them.

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-That's the farming side,

-and the pressure you were under.

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-What about the treatment?

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-The treatment couldn't have been

-that pleasant in this case.

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-Poison to kill poison,

-I'll say that.

0:20:030:20:07

-It was ruthless...

0:20:070:20:08

-..but it worked

-and that's what mattered.

0:20:090:20:12

-You've been given the all-clear now.

0:20:120:20:15

-Yes, the doctor visited

-one morning...

0:20:150:20:18

-..and closed the curtain

-around me, my mother and my sister.

0:20:180:20:22

-He held me and told me the news.

0:20:230:20:26

-What a feeling, a great feeling.

0:20:260:20:30

-In college, I was taught

-to look after my stock...

0:20:310:20:36

-..because it will look after me.

0:20:360:20:39

-That's in financial terms,

-not in relation to your health.

0:20:390:20:42

-The animals will be there after you.

0:20:420:20:45

-It's time to think about health

-before money.

0:20:450:20:49

-Now that Bryn is recovering,

-he's returned to farming...

0:20:570:21:01

-..and represented his YFC club

-at the Royal Welsh as a stock judge.

0:21:010:21:06

-When he was ill,

-he had one main aim.

0:21:060:21:10

-We've been joined by Beti Ddu.

0:21:130:21:15

-How important was Beti Ddu to you...

0:21:150:21:18

-..when you were lying

-on your hospital bed?

0:21:180:21:20

-I'd told Taid that she was not

-to be sold, no matter what.

0:21:210:21:26

-I bought her in Dolgellau and

-I had plans for the Welsh Blacks.

0:21:270:21:31

-She was so important to me.

0:21:310:21:34

-I showed her in the Caernarfon Show

-and achieved great success.

0:21:370:21:40

-It was the first time

-I'd showed Welsh Blacks.

0:21:410:21:43

-It sounds to me that she

-kept you going while you were ill.

0:21:440:21:49

-She was part of it.

0:21:490:21:51

-It was something to look forward to

-after leaving hospital.

0:21:510:21:55

-Why did you switch

-from the cross to the Blacks?

0:21:560:21:59

-Was it a financial decision?

0:21:590:22:01

-Yes. It's not easy

-for a youngster starting out.

0:22:010:22:06

-If you choose a breed, you want one

-with the least amount of cost.

0:22:060:22:13

-The Welsh Black is perfect for that.

-and on this type of land.

0:22:130:22:17

-A continental breed

-isn't ideal on this land...

0:22:170:22:20

-..and they're hard work to keep.

0:22:210:22:23

-These don't incur the same costs and

-they make the most of the pasture.

0:22:230:22:27

-You're fighting fit now.

-What are your plans?

0:22:310:22:35

-What does the future hold

-for the new Bryn Roberts?

0:22:350:22:38

-One positive after the treatment

-is an appreciation of life.

0:22:390:22:44

-Every opportunity I get,

-I enjoy every second of it.

0:22:460:22:50

-Life's too short.

-You can't put a price on life.

0:22:500:22:54

-I want to put all my effort

-into the herd I'm farming here.

0:22:550:23:03

-There's nothing better

-than working at home...

0:23:030:23:06

-..looking after your stock.

0:23:070:23:09

-Best wishes to Bryn.

-That's all for this week.

0:23:120:23:16

-We're back in our normal

-9.30pm slot next week.

0:23:160:23:20

-Until then, thanks for your company.

-Cheerio.

0:23:200:23:25

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:460:23:48

-.

0:23:480:23:48

Heno byddwn ni'n clywed am straeon ysbrydoledig rhai o ffermwyr ifanc Cymru. Tonight we'll hear about the inspirational stories of some of Wales' young farmers.


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