Ann Griffiths Mamwlad


Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS


Ann Griffiths

Bydd Ffion Hague yn edrych ar ddylanwad yr emynyddes Ann Griffiths ar fywyd barddonol Cymru. Ffion Hague explores the contribution of hymn writer Ann Griffiths to Wales' poetic ...


Similar Content

Browse content similar to Ann Griffiths. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

-Subtitles

0:00:000:00:00

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:00:000:00:02

-Two hundred years ago

-in the heart of Montgomery...

0:00:020:00:06

-..some of our nation's famous hymns

-were penned by a special young lady.

0:00:060:00:11

-Her poems are excellent

-and totally unique.

0:00:120:00:16

-"Ann Griffiths

-was a great, religious woman...

0:00:160:00:20

-"..and this is no exaggeration."

0:00:200:00:23

-She's a remarkable writer...

0:00:230:00:25

-..and is classed among

-the top fifteen writers of Wales.

0:00:260:00:31

-There's a new interest

-in Ann Griffiths' work.

0:00:320:00:35

-Her 30 hymns are classed among

-the best in the world.

0:00:360:00:40

-Is her work even more significant?

0:00:410:00:44

-Was she more poet than hymn writer?

0:00:440:00:47

-Is any other poet so prominent

-in our nation's every day life?

0:00:470:00:53

-Ann Griffiths' words for

-Wele'n Sefyll Rhwng y Myrtwydd...

0:01:030:01:07

-..has transcended chapel walls

-and is a favourite on many stages.

0:01:070:01:12

-# There he stands among the myrtles

0:01:120:01:19

-# Worthiest object of my love #

0:01:190:01:25

-It's instantly recognizable

-as a hymn by Ann.

0:01:250:01:28

-It's characterized

-by a deep feeling of love.

0:01:290:01:33

-This boundless love

-for Jesus Christ.

0:01:330:01:37

-# One glad morning

0:01:370:01:41

-# One glad morning #

0:01:410:01:44

-There's a danger that we devalue

-any poetry that is set to music.

0:01:440:01:49

-We cannot do this with Ann Griffiths

-because the words stands alone.

0:01:500:01:55

-# In his love through all my days

0:01:550:02:03

-# My days

0:02:030:02:06

-# My days #

0:02:060:02:11

-We all know Ann Griffiths' story.

0:02:130:02:15

-She was born and raised

-at Dolwar Fach.

0:02:160:02:18

-She lost her mother at 17 and

-had a religious conversion at 20.

0:02:180:02:23

-She married, had a child

-and died before she turned 30.

0:02:230:02:27

-It's no wonder this short, tragic

-life attracts so much curiosity.

0:02:270:02:32

-How much do we really know

-about Ann?

0:02:330:02:35

-How did she create such masterpieces

-in her short life?

0:02:360:02:40

-The best set of records are found at

-the National Library in Aberystwyth.

0:02:400:02:45

-None of Ann Griffiths' hymns

-were documented in her lifetime.

0:02:460:02:50

-Nothing was published...

0:02:510:02:53

-..and yet the National Library

-is home to 3,000 documents...

0:02:530:02:57

-..that are linked with her name.

0:02:580:03:00

-After her death...

0:03:000:03:02

-..people realized that the work of

-this ordinary girl was exceptional.

0:03:020:03:08

-Her close friend,

-Reverend John Hughes, Pontrobert...

0:03:080:03:12

-..penned her first biography.

0:03:120:03:15

-"We remember those amazing feats

-in Ann Griffiths' short career...

0:03:160:03:21

-"..because it was truly amazing.

0:03:210:03:23

-"Amazing in its qualities

-and strengths.

0:03:240:03:27

-"Amazing in its scriptural facts

-and spiritual experiences.

0:03:270:03:32

-"And amazing in its love,

-gaiety and sanctity of life.

0:03:330:03:37

-"It was a crown of beauty

-for her profession of faith."

0:03:380:03:41

-Dolwar Fach was a comfortable home

-and the family was quite wealthy.

0:03:410:03:46

-Ann was educated locally and

-was obviously a talented child.

0:03:470:03:52

-She learnt some English

-but Welsh was her first language.

0:03:520:03:57

-The evidence suggests

-that she could write poetry...

0:03:580:04:02

-..and use Welsh metrical

-alliteration...

0:04:020:04:05

-..which points to poetic tuition.

0:04:050:04:08

-However, I doubt she received

-a formal education.

0:04:090:04:13

-At the National Library...

0:04:130:04:15

-..there are documents that give us

-an insight into her early life.

0:04:160:04:21

-They include this book,

-The Book of Dolwar Fach.

0:04:210:04:25

-This proves that they were

-a cultural family.

0:04:250:04:30

-They wrote poetry

-and were immersed in the arts.

0:04:300:04:34

-We can see alliterative stanzas

-in this section.

0:04:340:04:38

-At the back of the book,

-on this page...

0:04:380:04:42

-..we find the signature

-of Ann Griffiths.

0:04:420:04:45

-Anne is written twice...

0:04:450:04:48

-..on the page where she would

-practice her handwriting.

0:04:480:04:52

-There's also a section of a letter,

-written in Ann's own hand.

0:04:520:04:58

-"Dearest sister in the Lord.

0:04:590:05:01

-"In accordance with your wish,

-I have written these lines to you."

0:05:020:05:06

-The handwriting is neat

-and beautiful...

0:05:070:05:10

-..and the language is flawless,

-poetic and Biblical.

0:05:100:05:15

-What type of woman was she?

0:05:160:05:18

-We don't have any pictures of Ann.

0:05:180:05:21

-Our only description of Ann

-is found in the book by John Hughes.

0:05:210:05:26

-"She had a delicate composition.

0:05:260:05:30

-"She had a high forehead

-and dark hair.

0:05:310:05:35

-"She was physically taller

-than the majority of other women.

0:05:350:05:39

-"Bright eyes sat on her skin.

0:05:390:05:43

-"And she had a majestic look

-about her.

0:05:430:05:46

-"Despite this,

-she was easy to approach...

0:05:460:05:50

-"..and seek counsel."

0:05:500:05:52

-Those who remember her

-spoke of a lively character...

0:05:540:05:58

-..who was also very mischievous.

0:05:590:06:02

-She spoke her mind...

0:06:020:06:05

-..and we get the impression

-that she was a strong-willed person.

0:06:050:06:10

-At the Ann Griffiths Memorial Chapel

-in Dolanog...

0:06:150:06:18

-..we find the only image

-of Ann's face.

0:06:190:06:22

-The details about her life

-and personality are limited.

0:06:220:06:28

-The only thing that has survived

-and stands to this day is her words.

0:06:280:06:33

-# God, make me like a tree

0:06:330:06:37

-# Well planted grow

0:06:380:06:43

-# In fertile ground

0:06:450:06:51

-# Where living waters flow #

0:06:510:06:54

-Ann lived in a world

-that was evolving...

0:06:540:06:57

-..thanks to the French Revolution

-and war and changes in religion.

0:06:580:07:04

-Her family

-turned their backs on the church...

0:07:040:07:07

-..and sought spiritual guidance

-from the Methodists.

0:07:080:07:12

-Alongside this

-cultural upbringing...

0:07:130:07:16

-..Ann enjoyed the gaiety of the fair

-and loved to dance.

0:07:160:07:21

-The pinnacle of the year

-was the parish saint's festival.

0:07:210:07:25

-During the festival of 1796...

0:07:260:07:28

-..Ann found herself

-in a very different place.

0:07:280:07:31

-Somewhere between the farm

-and the fair...

0:07:440:07:47

-..Ann passed a preaching meeting.

0:07:470:07:49

-The words of Reverend Benjamin Jones

-from Pwllheli moved her.

0:07:490:07:55

-Ann would never be the same again.

0:07:550:07:58

-# Wholly counter to my nature

0:07:590:08:05

-# Is the path ordained for me

0:08:050:08:11

-# Yet, I'll tread it,

-yes, and calmly

0:08:110:08:18

-# While thy precious face I see

0:08:180:08:24

-# Count the cross a crown,

-and bear it #

0:08:250:08:32

-Thousands were converted

-during the Methodist Revival.

0:08:320:08:36

-Ann found it an overwhelming

-and spiritual experience.

0:08:370:08:41

-It's believed that she endured

-an agonizing time.

0:08:420:08:48

-It's interesting

-that throughout history...

0:08:480:08:52

-..women have to express

-their devotion...

0:08:520:08:57

-..using sensory actions,

-such as singing or dancing.

0:08:570:09:02

-It isn't fundamentally

-a female thing...

0:09:020:09:05

-..but I witnessed women in India

-dancing and entering a trance...

0:09:060:09:12

-..while their husbands sat sedately.

0:09:120:09:15

-Intense spiritual experiences

-were not uncommon.

0:09:150:09:19

-It was a period of mystics and

-prophets who had many followers...

0:09:190:09:24

-..including some women.

0:09:240:09:26

-Joanna Southcott is one of the most

-recognized figures of the time.

0:09:260:09:31

-She was similar to Ann in that

-she was also a farmer's daughter...

0:09:320:09:38

-..who had very little schooling...

0:09:380:09:41

-..but was mesmerized

-by these mystical texts.

0:09:410:09:46

-She believed that anything that had

-been promised in the scriptures...

0:09:460:09:52

-..was achieved through her.

0:09:520:09:54

-Christ is central

-to Ann Griffiths' work...

0:09:550:09:58

-..but Joanna Southcott embodies

-the woman clothed with the sun...

0:09:580:10:05

-..in the Book of Revelation.

0:10:050:10:07

-# Lo, to us is born a Brother #

0:10:080:10:14

-Ann found her conversion

-distressing...

0:10:150:10:18

-..as she cast off her sins

-from the fair...

0:10:180:10:21

-..to express her new love

-for Christ.

0:10:210:10:24

-"At times, she was so entranced

-that she shouted with elation.

0:10:240:10:30

-"Sometimes, her jubilant cries...

0:10:300:10:33

-"..were heard in the fields

-near her home."

0:10:330:10:37

-I wonder how she was viewed

-by her peers.

0:10:370:10:40

-She enjoyed the fair but was now

-talking about God and Jesus Christ.

0:10:410:10:45

-Some found her too vocal in meetings

-when she broke out in praise.

0:10:460:10:51

-She was accused of drawing attention

-to herself.

0:10:520:10:55

-She was a mesmerizing character.

0:10:560:10:58

-Two centuries later...

0:10:590:11:01

-..and her experience

-continues to inspire us.

0:11:010:11:05

-Her greatest feat...

0:11:050:11:07

-..is that she avoided any excessive

-use of theological terminology.

0:11:080:11:13

-They feel like love songs or poems

-that were written from the heart.

0:11:130:11:18

-It means that people from all walks

-of life can sing these words...

0:11:180:11:24

-..without having to share

-Ann's beliefs.

0:11:240:11:28

-# Fount clear-flowing

0:11:280:11:32

-# Life bestowing

0:11:320:11:36

-# God our saving ark

0:11:360:11:41

-# Is he #

0:11:410:11:47

-.

0:11:510:11:52

-Subtitles

0:11:530:11:53

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:11:530:11:55

-It's been 200 years

-since the death of Ann Griffiths...

0:11:580:12:02

-..but there's a new interest

-in her work in Wales and beyond.

0:12:020:12:07

-When Rowan Williams

-became Archbishop of Canterbury...

0:12:100:12:14

-..he chose an Ann Griffiths hymn

-for his service.

0:12:140:12:18

-It introduced her work to the world.

0:12:180:12:21

-# Be my dwelling

0:12:210:12:23

-# Be my dwelling

0:12:230:12:26

-# In his love through all my days #

0:12:260:12:33

-Ann Griffiths' poems are complex...

0:12:330:12:35

-..when compared with other

-religious and spiritual poems...

0:12:360:12:41

-..by other women from that period.

0:12:410:12:43

-There are many differences.

0:12:430:12:46

-Other women tend to write poems...

0:12:460:12:51

-..that are very objective.

0:12:520:12:54

-They convey a message...

0:12:540:12:56

-..whilst Ann Griffiths' poems

-are very private.

0:12:560:13:00

-They were tools

-to aid her personal faith.

0:13:000:13:03

-Female authors

-in Ann's day were rare...

0:13:040:13:07

-..but are there feminine

-characteristics in her work?

0:13:070:13:11

-You don't instantly think

-that it's the work of a woman.

0:13:110:13:15

-This isn't a criticism

-but something praiseworthy.

0:13:150:13:20

-It means she's on a level plain

-with any male hymn writers...

0:13:210:13:26

-..or poets from that period.

0:13:260:13:30

-Ann met with other Methodists at the

-chapel of John Hughes, Pontrobert.

0:13:310:13:36

-Ann came here during

-the last five years of her life.

0:13:360:13:40

-Ann shared her spiritual experiences

-with her maid, Ruth.

0:13:400:13:45

-She was an integral part

-of Ann's legacy.

0:13:450:13:48

-# Gods pure name... #

0:13:480:13:51

-They were more like sisters

-or best friends...

0:13:510:13:57

-..as opposed to a mistress

-and her maid.

0:13:570:14:00

-Ruth often accused her...

0:14:000:14:03

-..of being carefree and playful.

0:14:040:14:07

-She enjoyed herself too much,

-whereas Ruth was very serious.

0:14:070:14:12

-# Vow, and pay my vows, receiving #

0:14:120:14:16

-Ruth was well versed in her Bible...

0:14:170:14:20

-..and felt that Ann didn't express

-this enough in her text.

0:14:200:14:26

-As opposed to sulking...

0:14:270:14:30

-..and putting her maid

-in her place...

0:14:300:14:34

-..Ann accepted Ruth's criticism.

0:14:340:14:37

-Ruth had a greater knowledge

-of the scripture...

0:14:370:14:42

-..so Ann made changes accordingly.

0:14:420:14:45

-Reverend John Hughes...

0:14:450:14:47

-..was one of the greatest

-influences on the young Ann.

0:14:470:14:51

-He was her mentor and treated her

-with respect, not as a young girl.

0:14:510:14:56

-They discussed theology

-and wrote to one another.

0:14:560:15:00

-They spoke about major issues

-as two equal individuals.

0:15:000:15:05

-They were two spirits.

0:15:050:15:07

-The principle message

-of Ann's hymns...

0:15:070:15:10

-..surrounds

-this all-encompassing love.

0:15:110:15:14

-It's your spirit and what's inside

-that counts.

0:15:150:15:18

-Cardiff's Eglwys Y Crwys is home to

-a memorial window for Ann Griffiths.

0:15:300:15:35

-It attempts to portray her.

0:15:360:15:38

-We see her laughing

-with spiritual triumph...

0:15:380:15:42

-..and suffering from despair.

0:15:420:15:44

-The jubilation and sorrow

-of this unique person.

0:15:450:15:49

-# Wholly counter to my nature

0:15:490:15:55

-# Is the path ordained for me #

0:15:550:16:01

-What about Ann's style

-of composition?

0:16:010:16:04

-Was it completely impromptu

-or a painstakingly long process?

0:16:050:16:10

-It's still a contentious issue.

0:16:100:16:12

-"Ann once intended

-to write a diary...

0:16:130:16:16

-"..to keep a record of her visions

-and experiences.

0:16:160:16:21

-"As opposed to achieving

-this goal...

0:16:210:16:25

-"..she started composing verses

-and hymns.

0:16:250:16:28

-"If there was anything extraordinary

-on her mind...

0:16:290:16:32

-"..it was expressed in a hymn."

0:16:330:16:35

-# To the heavenly city goes #

0:16:360:16:41

-There are certain stories

-of her father and he would say...

0:16:420:16:46

-.."Ruth, our Nancy

-is starting to lose her mind."

0:16:470:16:53

-He was worried about her condition.

0:16:530:16:56

-Ruth would tell him not to worry.

0:16:570:17:01

-"She's fine

-and everything will be alright.

0:17:010:17:04

-"Something is on its way."

0:17:040:17:07

-Ruth was referring to

-either a hymn or a poem.

0:17:070:17:11

-# Eye of kite could neer discern it

0:17:120:17:18

-# Though it shines

-with noontide blaze #

0:17:180:17:23

-Many have suggested that the words

-came from within...

0:17:230:17:27

-..and cascaded out of her.

0:17:270:17:31

-We see those words

-as they appeared to her.

0:17:320:17:35

-We have no reason to doubt this...

0:17:350:17:38

-..but there's room to believe

-that Ann knew about cynghanedd.

0:17:390:17:43

-She heard alliteration

-at the fairs...

0:17:440:17:47

-..when songs and poems

-were performed.

0:17:470:17:51

-I would put my head on the block

-and say she knew about alliteration.

0:17:510:17:57

-It's suggested that she recorded

-her experiences privately...

0:17:570:18:03

-..and shared the verses

-with her maid, Ruth.

0:18:030:18:06

-She remembered them...

0:18:070:18:08

-..and introduced them

-to a wider audience.

0:18:090:18:12

-It's possible

-that she thought of them as songs...

0:18:120:18:16

-..because she used the same metres

-as the likes of Pantycelyn.

0:18:170:18:23

-I'm sure that

-in her subconscious mind...

0:18:230:18:27

-..she echoed this notion of singing.

0:18:270:18:31

-# Sinner is my name and nature

0:18:310:18:38

-# Fouler none on earth can be #

0:18:380:18:44

-She fashioned her verses

-using the popular metres of the day.

0:18:450:18:50

-It's possible

-that at the back of her mind...

0:18:510:18:54

-..she thought someone, somewhere

-would sing her verses.

0:18:540:18:58

-# See him there,

-his law fulfilling #

0:19:000:19:06

-When singing her text today...

0:19:060:19:08

-..do we appreciate them or

-is the meaning lost in the melody?

0:19:090:19:13

-The Welsh enjoy a good melody...

0:19:140:19:17

-..and thrive on singing.

0:19:170:19:20

-However, I would prefer the emphasis

-to rest on understanding the lyrics.

0:19:200:19:26

-Certain lyrics

-are difficult to interpret...

0:19:260:19:30

-..but it's worth studying them

-to find their true meaning.

0:19:310:19:36

-It's difficult to sing about

-the experiences...

0:19:370:19:40

-..of those from a different era.

0:19:400:19:43

-They are not necessarily

-the same experiences.

0:19:430:19:46

-We can value their wealth...

0:19:470:19:49

-..and sense that they are intense

-and profound experiences...

0:19:490:19:54

-..but cannot necessarily

-express them from the heart.

0:19:540:19:58

-I suspect people do not regard the

-lyrics of a song as being poetry.

0:19:590:20:04

-It's viewed as a song

-as opposed to a poem.

0:20:050:20:08

-This is the general consensus

-in terms of the treatment of poetry.

0:20:080:20:13

-The fact

-that these words are sung...

0:20:140:20:17

-..makes them far more memorable.

0:20:170:20:21

-There's no doubt

-that Ann Griffiths was a poet.

0:20:210:20:24

-Ann only had eight years

-to compose her poetry.

0:20:290:20:33

-A fortnight after the death

-of her first child in childbirth...

0:20:340:20:38

-..Ann, herself, died aged only 29.

0:20:380:20:42

-Ann was plagued with ill-health

-but she did not fear death.

0:20:430:20:48

-In her letter to Elizabeth,

-she said...

0:20:480:20:51

-.."this is what cheers me more

-than anything else these days...

0:20:510:20:56

-"..not death in itself...

0:20:560:20:58

-"..but the great gain

-that is to be got through it."

0:20:580:21:02

-# O might I gain faiths insight

0:21:020:21:09

-# With angel-minds on high #

0:21:100:21:16

-She didn't record any of her hymns

-on paper.

0:21:160:21:19

-We're indebted to Ruth,

-who remembered them...

0:21:190:21:23

-..and John Hughes,

-who recorded them for all to see.

0:21:230:21:27

-In recent years, I've been amazed

-by the attention she has received...

0:21:270:21:33

-..outside of Wales.

0:21:330:21:35

-She's recognized

-throughout the world.

0:21:350:21:39

-Her work has been translated

-into English.

0:21:400:21:44

-People from America have even

-made the journey to come here.

0:21:440:21:49

-They want to know more after reading

-the translations of her hymns.

0:21:490:21:55

-Some have said that they

-didn't understand Ann's hymns.

0:21:550:21:59

-They felt they were old fashioned

-but this is not the case.

0:22:000:22:05

-Ann Griffiths

-is the perfect role model...

0:22:070:22:11

-..for young women

-who want to write poetry.

0:22:110:22:17

-She's a positive example

-for creative women.

0:22:170:22:22

-She isn't only godly

-but intelligent too.

0:22:220:22:25

-Ann and William Williams

-Pantycelyn...

0:22:260:22:29

-..are our two major hymn writers.

0:22:300:22:32

-The stand out difference for me...

0:22:330:22:36

-..is William Williams Pantycelyn

-was more aware of his craft...

0:22:360:22:41

-..whereas Ann

-concentrated on her feelings...

0:22:410:22:45

-..and how she could improve herself.

0:22:450:22:49

-She was always

-putting herself down.

0:22:490:22:52

-I think she was just as good as

-any other poet from her era...

0:22:520:22:57

-..and modern times...

0:22:570:22:59

-..because she got to the root

-of the true experiences.

0:22:590:23:03

-Ann's story is enriched by the fact

-that she was a farmer's wife.

0:23:070:23:13

-Nancy Dolwar wasn't worthy of a

-painting or statue in her lifetime.

0:23:130:23:19

-Today, her work plays

-an integral role in Welsh life.

0:23:190:23:25

-Ann Griffiths,

-the hymn writer and poet.

0:23:250:23:29

-S4C Subtitles by Tinopolis

0:23:550:23:57

-.

0:23:580:23:58

Bydd Ffion Hague yn edrych ar ddylanwad yr emynyddes Ann Griffiths ar fywyd barddonol Cymru. Ffion Hague explores the contribution of hymn writer Ann Griffiths to Wales' poetic tradition.