Thu, 04 Feb 2016 Prynhawn Da


Thu, 04 Feb 2016

Sgwrs gyda Dr Ann yn y syrjeri a'r hanesydd Hefin Mathias fydd yn trafod y nofel 'War & Peace'. Historian Hefin Mathias discusses the novel 'War & Peace' and Dr Ann is in the su...


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Transcript


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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-Hello and welcome to Prynhawn Da.

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-We hope you're having a great day.

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-Historian Hefin Mathias is here

-to discuss War and Peace.

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-Welcome to Prynhawn Da.

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-This is what else we've got for you.

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-The clothes you wear to work

-depends upon your profession.

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-Today, we've got tips

-on how to look stylish.

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-Dr Ann is here to discuss

-rocketing cancer cases in Wales...

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-..but the good news is

-that death rates are falling.

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-Saturday is National Libraries Day.

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-I've visited the museums

-in Fishguard and Carmarthen...

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-..that are in old buildings

-but responding to modern challenges.

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-Is your lawn plagued with ants?

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-It's one of the questions that we'll

-pose to our gardening expert, Ieuan.

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-We've got plenty to entertain you.

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-Stay with Angharad and myself for

-the next 50 minutes on Prynhawn Da.

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-War and Peace is one of the most

-popular series' on our screens.

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-The series

-comes to an end on Sunday.

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-It's based on the

-comprehensive novel by Tolstoy.

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-Most people consider the novel

-to be a substantial read.

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-It's story of love and family

-history.

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-We hear about this history

-of Russia.

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-This is a Russian novel.

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-It portrays Russia

-in the early 19th century.

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-It only looks at the gentry.

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-These people had to live

-under the Tsar.

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-There wasn't a government

-at such in Russia.

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-There wasn't a freedom in Russia.

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-The Tsar was the most powerful Tsar

-in the history of Russia.

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-The novel starts in 1805.

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-Why is the year of 1805

-so significant?

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-It was a year of war

-between Russia and France.

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-It was the period of

-the French Revolution.

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-The French took the power of

-the country into their own hands.

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-Values changed in the country.

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-The king was beheaded

-in the French Revolution.

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-We all remember the guillotine as

-a symbol of the French Revolution.

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-Many countries decided to fight

-against the French...

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-..but the French were victorious.

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-Napolean was one of the important

-figures of the French Revolution.

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-Napoleon made himself the emperor

-of France in 1804.

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-There was the Battle of Trafalgar

-in 1805.

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-There's also a battle in the novel,

-War and Peace...

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-..that is part of Napoleon's war.

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-Tolstoy has created

-the characters in the novel.

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-The backdrop of the book

-is the Napoleonic wars.

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-Some of the stories in the novel

-are true events.

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-Alexander I and Napolean

-did agree and signed an agreement.

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-Napolean was fighting

-against England.

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-Napolean attacked Russia with

-an army of over 400,000 people.

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-The Russians didn't want

-the French in their country.

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-There was a victory in Russia.

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-It united the people of Russia.

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-Napolean reached Moscow

-and was forced to retreat.

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-Are you a fan of

-the television series?

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-The series is very visual.

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-I hope the series encourages people

-to read the book.

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-It's a great inspiration for people

-to read the novel.

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-I've enjoyed the series.

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-After speaking to you, I'm going

-to start reading the book.

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-I hope to tell you that I've read

-the book in the future!

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-It's Thursday, so Huw and his models

-have hit the high street for us.

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-What have you got for us, Huw?

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-Today, we've got clothes

-that are worn on a daily basis.

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-Do you worry about what to wear

-to work the following day?

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-There's some amazing collections

-at the moment...

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-..with exquisite tailoring

-and wonderful fabrics.

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-It makes things easier when it comes

-to choosing an outfit for work.

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-We're lucky with our outfits

-for work.

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-Some people don't want to look

-the same.

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-H&M now has a department

-that is ideal for work clothes.

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-Some people travel from afar

-in those clothes too.

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-You have to do a crease test

-with your clothes.

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-Sit in those clothes at home...

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-..and check to see

-if the clothes crease!

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-Work clothes don't have to be

-the best quality.

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-We start with Christie.

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-Christie is wearing items from H&M.

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-Many people buy school clothes

-in that shop.

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-You don't want to break the bank

-when you're buying clothes for work.

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-This isn't a set.

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-The jacket is 29.99.

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-The jacket can be washed

-in the machine.

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-This dress will stretch

-with the body.

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-Follow the instructions

-when you wash this dress.

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-It can be shapeless if you wash it

-at too high a temperature.

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-It's best to wear block heels.

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-There's also thick tights.

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-They are great for work.

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-Our next model is Nia.

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-Christine joins us later.

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-She gets the best tights

-in Primark.

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-You can spend 6 on a set of tights.

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-They are great for work.

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-We've compiled Nia's outfit

-from various garments in Next.

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-They have a department

-at the back of the shop too.

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-I don't know why these items

-are at the back of the shop.

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-I want to look at the trousers.

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-The skinny legged trousers

-aren't too fashionable.

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-These trousers have a wider leg.

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-They only had two pairs of these

-trousers in Trostre this morning!

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-I've gone for a prep-school look

-with this outfit.

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-There's a white blouse and jumper.

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-Most of Next's workware

-can be washed in the machine.

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-Our final model is Christine.

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-Christine is in

-another classic outfit.

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-This isn't a ground-breaking look.

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-We've got a tailored,

-double-breasted jacket.

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-We've got a tailored,

-double-breasted jacket.

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-It can be worn open or buttoned.

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-Many double-brested jackets

-don't look right when unbuttoned.

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-There's some great trousers.

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-They can be tied around the waist.

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-They can make you look bigger

-if you're a larger lady.

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-After the break,

-Dr Ann highlights World Cancer Day.

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-Heledd Gwyndaf also explains why we

-should support our local libraries.

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-Subtitles

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-Welcome back.

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-Yesterday, Menna Wyn Davies

-joined us in the studio...

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-..and we heard about her battle with

-breast cancer since the age of 32.

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-Dr Ann has joined us to open

-the doors of her surgery...

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-..and 4 February

-is World Cancer Day.

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-Welcome to the programme, Dr Ann.

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-Before we chat to Dr Ann, let's hear

-more about this important day.

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-That was the television advert

-for World Cancer Day.

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-The statistics of those people

-in Wales suffering from cancer...

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-..is on the increase...

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-..but the good news is that

-the death rate is decreasing.

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-People always ask, "why me?"

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-Yes, many people ask themselves

-"why me?"

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-Cancer isn't an illness

-of the organs.

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-Cancer is caused by gene mutation.

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-There's a greater risk

-of these mutations taking place...

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-..as we get older.

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-Some mutations might be out of place

-like a sentence in a story.

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-There are genes

-that encourage mutations.

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-However, there are genes

-that prevent them from happening.

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-It's important to consider

-what we can do to prevent us...

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-..from getting cancer.

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-The greatest causes

-are smoking and alcohol.

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-Human papiloma virus

-can cause cancer of the cervix too.

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-The sun can also cause skin cancer.

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-It's important to get screened.

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-Many people don't turn up

-to their screenings.

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-Take advantage of what's on offer

-to catch the cancer early.

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-Only 10% of people

-will inherit cancer.

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-There are less people

-dying from cancer these days.

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-More people are going to get tested

-and undergo treatment and surgeries.

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-Radiotherapy

-is powerful these days.

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-There are cells in the body

-that attack any harmful diseases.

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-There is medication out there

-that can prevent these diseases.

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-The figures for survival

-after cancer is on the increase.

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-Older people

-are diagnosed with cancer.

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-Many people are only given a year

-or less to live.

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-They will start to look up people

-in their past and live life.

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-Thank you, Dr Ann.

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-Saturday is National Libraries Day

-which commemorates our libraries.

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-Heledd visited a few libraries

-to see what they have to offer.

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-National Libraries Day is the ideal

-time for us to celebrate libraries.

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-The digital era has forced changes

-but some things stay the same.

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-In Fishguard, the building itself

-has existed for many years.

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-It has a grand exterior but modern

-inside but what's is its history?

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-It was built

-in the 19th century in 1834.

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-In the past, it was the market hall.

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-It was a shoe shop, council offices

-and became the library in 2007.

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-The building houses the library,

-a tourist information centre...

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-..a market place, council offices

-and The Last Invasion Gallery...

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-..with its tapestry

-of the Norman landings in 1797.

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-And in this library,

-all the staff want to speak Welsh.

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-I started learning Welsh

-three and a half years ago...

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-..and I was living in Lincoln

-at the time.

0:24:140:24:17

-I've been learning Welsh every day

-and I think I'm addicted to it!

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-I've been learning Welsh

-for the past three months.

0:24:240:24:28

-All the Welsh speaking librarians

-have retired.

0:24:290:24:32

-It's important to have

-Welsh speakers in this library...

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-..which is why

-I'm learning the language.

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-I started learning Welsh in

-this library three months ago...

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-..in the workplace.

0:24:480:24:50

-I followed an Wlpan course

-a year ago.

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-There's a lot of Welsh speakers in

-Fishguard and they want Welsh books.

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-At Fishguard library,

-I've opened an economy hub.

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-People can visit the library

-and use books to find work...

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-..learn skills,

-write a CV and so on.

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-These events help to attract

-visitors to the library.

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-These can be children's activities

-or classes.

0:25:290:25:32

-It's very important because the

-library is part of the community.

0:25:320:25:37

-Carmarthenshire's community-based

-library is moving with the times.

0:25:370:25:43

-What can you tell us

-about this amazing building?

0:25:430:25:47

-Furnace House was built on this site

-in 1761 by the Morgan family.

0:25:480:25:56

-The family lived here but

-it became a library 41 years ago.

0:25:560:26:04

-The top floor has its research

-and ancestry departments.

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-The upper-middle level

-has books for adults.

0:26:090:26:13

-The lower-middle level has

-children's books, CDs and DVDs...

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-..and the ground floor has a museum

-and conference rooms.

0:26:180:26:23

-Yes, this library

-boasts far more than books.

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-We offer books online,

-can trace family history...

0:26:270:26:30

-..and also offer various classes

-in the week.

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-Half term is on the horizon...

0:26:350:26:37

-..so there's storytelling for

-children on Wednesday and Saturday.

0:26:370:26:43

-We have messy play on Friday.

0:26:430:26:45

-We also have two showings

-of Hotel Transylvania 2.

0:26:460:26:50

-Mair comes face-to-face

-with the public every day...

0:26:510:26:54

-..so what's the most common

-question that she's asked?

0:26:550:26:59

-Most people ask about the

-latest editions by crime authors.

0:26:590:27:07

-Two new books have been published

-and there's a long waiting list...

0:27:070:27:12

-..so people ask,

-"has my book arrived yet?"

0:27:120:27:16

-Libraries are wonderful places

-being both homely and welcoming.

0:27:160:27:21

-Time flies when you're discovering

-the wonders of a library.

0:27:210:27:25

-Happy National Libraries Day

-to all the libraries in Wales!

0:27:250:27:30

-Make sure you visit

-your local library.

0:27:350:27:39

-Let's find out what Elin's

-got for us on Heno tonight.

0:27:400:27:43

-Welcome to the programme.

0:27:430:27:47

-Thank you.

0:27:470:27:52

-We're live at the launch

-of the Caernarfon Food Festival.

0:27:520:27:58

-Dafydd Wyn reports from there.

0:27:580:28:10

-John Pierce Jones

-hosts a quiz at the event.

0:28:150:28:20

-Have you got

-a new year's resolution?

0:28:200:28:28

-Many people have forgotten

-about them.

0:28:290:28:34

-We look at the main sporting events

-that take place in Wales this year.

0:28:340:28:40

-Rhodri Gomer will tell us

-more about them.

0:28:410:28:47

-He will try to encourage us

-to get outdoors.

0:28:470:28:54

-Following his success with Grav

-at the Wales Theatre Awards...

0:28:540:28:58

-..the actor, Gareth Bale

-drops into the studio for a chat.

0:28:580:29:02

-After the break, Ieuan answers

-some of your gardening dilemmas.

0:29:030:29:08

-.

0:29:090:29:10

-Subtitles

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-Welcome back.

0:29:200:29:22

-It's time to welcome

-the Prynhawn Da Gardening Guru.

0:29:220:29:25

-Welcome to the programme, Ieuan.

0:29:250:29:29

-I'd like to know

-what causes club root in cabbages.

0:29:350:29:39

-Thank you for your question, David.

0:29:400:29:49

-That's a direct question!

0:29:490:29:54

-Club root is a fungal infection

-of the roots of brassicas.

0:29:540:30:00

-It can affect cabbages, cauliflower,

-Brussels sprouts, turnip and swede.

0:30:010:30:12

-It can even affect radish.

0:30:120:30:19

-The main symptoms include swollen,

-distorted roots and stunted growth.

0:30:200:30:32

-The tender roots will disappear

-and the plant will die.

0:30:420:30:48

-You have to get rid of the plant.

0:30:480:31:00

-The infection can remain

-in the soil for up to 20 years.

0:31:020:31:14

-Add lime to the soil to raise

-the pH or alkaline level of it.

0:31:190:31:24

-Grown healthy cabbage in pots

-at first...

0:31:240:31:30

-..before planting them

-into the soil.

0:31:300:31:36

-Allow some roots to grow.

0:31:360:31:48

-Some brassicas show levels

-of resistance to club root.

0:31:510:31:57

-There's a list of them for you.

0:31:570:32:08

-Opt for the Lodero red cabbage.

0:32:080:32:12

-Try Invitation swedes.

0:32:200:32:25

-You can plant Crispus F1 sprouts.

0:32:250:32:31

-I must emphasize

-that they will grow.

0:32:310:32:37

-Our next question is from

-Meinir Thomas in Llansannan.

0:32:380:32:41

-Meinir states that her lawn

0:32:420:32:46

-Thanks for your question, Meinir.

0:32:460:32:51

-I didn't know there were

0:33:000:33:07

-It's a common problem

-in warm and dry climates.

0:33:170:33:20

-The creatures like warm

-and dry land.

0:33:210:33:23

-They will cause the lawn

-to look awful.

0:33:230:33:35

-They will also cause

-cutting the lawn a problem.

0:33:380:33:47

-You can add insecticide to the lawn.

0:34:060:34:09

-You must be careful with insecticide

-as it contains poisonous chemicals.

0:34:090:34:16

-Place a can on top of an ant hill.

0:34:170:34:27

-The ants will crawl into the can

-and you can remove it.

0:34:270:34:35

-You can also use Nemesis No Ants.

0:34:350:34:44

-You have to buy them via the post.

0:34:440:34:56

-They come in powder form

-that is poured into water.

0:35:030:35:08

-Pour it over the ant hill

-to kill the ants.

0:35:080:35:11

-In the final part of the programme,

-there's more fashion with Huw.

0:35:120:35:17

-.

0:35:170:35:18

-Subtitles

0:35:210:35:23

-Welcome back.

0:35:270:35:31

-We close today's programme on

-the Prynhawn Da catwalk with Huw.

0:35:310:35:38

-The desk is still here Huw!

0:35:380:35:42

-Yes, I've still got the desk.

0:35:420:35:46

-Nobody has done any work!

0:35:460:35:49

-We start with Christine.

0:35:490:35:52

-Christine knows her clothes.

0:35:520:35:55

-She liked this jacket.

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-It isn't too heavy.

0:36:000:36:04

-It's formal too.

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-It isn't lined

-so is comfortable too.

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-It's designed in the style

-of a trench coat.

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-There's jersey

-in the edges of the dress.

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-It's more comfortable.

0:36:460:36:56

-This dress brushes the knee.

0:36:560:37:07

-It's a little short for Christine

-but team it with thick tights.

0:37:070:37:18

-You need to wear something

-comfortable too!

0:37:180:37:29

-You can wear something comfortable

-shoes to get to work...

0:37:290:37:38

-..and then wear something

-more formal in the office.

0:37:380:37:42

-Our next model is Nia.

0:37:430:37:54

-Over the summer,

-we saw sleeveless jackets.

0:37:540:38:02

-These waistcoats

-are great for the office.

0:38:030:38:11

-It's comfortable

-and can keep you warm.

0:38:110:38:20

-Nia was going to wear a black dress

-with this waistcoat.

0:38:200:38:26

-I've teamed it with the blouse.

0:38:260:38:38

-Nia was going to wear it

-with a sleeveless dress.

0:38:380:38:43

-It wasn't suitable for the office...

0:38:430:38:48

-..as there was too much

-flesh on show!

0:38:490:38:54

-The dress is by the Marks

-and Spencer collection and is 45.

0:38:540:39:01

-This dress would be ideal

-for the summer.

0:39:020:39:14

-Burberry had rucksacks on

-their catwalk last year.

0:39:140:39:26

-This means the high street shops

-have followed suit.

0:39:290:39:35

-Christie is our final model.

0:39:350:39:42

-Christie's outfit is compiled

-of garments from River Island.

0:39:430:39:48

-River Island is the last place

-I'd go for an office wear.

0:39:480:39:59

-However, I spotted

-these wide-legged trousers.

0:39:590:40:08

-These would look great

-with long boots or shoes.

0:40:080:40:18

-Short boots would not suit

-these trousers...

0:40:190:40:24

-..as there was too many lines!

0:40:240:40:33

-You can be stylish

-when you go to work.

0:40:340:40:43

-This can be worn to a meeting

-or for a few drinks after work.

0:40:440:40:51

-There's a large bag too.

0:40:510:40:56

-It's ideal for carrying everything

-you need in the office.

0:40:560:41:01

-The River Island bag is 47.

0:41:010:41:05

-The bag is very detailed.

0:41:050:41:10

-Tomorrow's Prynhawn Da looks forward

-to the Six Nations this weekend.

0:41:100:41:14

-Will Dafydd Jones agree with me

-that Wales can beat Ireland?

0:41:140:41:20

-Elwen rustles up some recipes whilst

-the Gossip Girls have their say.

0:41:200:41:24

-You could also win over 100

-in our quiz, Mwy Neu Lai.

0:41:240:41:29

-Cymoedd Roy follows the news

-and weather at 3.00pm on S4C.

0:41:290:41:36

-Until tomorrow, goodbye.

0:41:360:41:41

-.

0:41:410:41:43

Sgwrs gyda Dr Ann yn y syrjeri a'r hanesydd Hefin Mathias fydd yn trafod y nofel 'War & Peace'. Historian Hefin Mathias discusses the novel 'War & Peace' and Dr Ann is in the surgery.


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