Episode 16 University Challenge


Episode 16

St Andrews fights it out with Worcester College, Oxford for a place in the second round. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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Transcript


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University Challenge.

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Asking the questions - Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. Last time we saw Homerton College, Cambridge win the first of two play-offs

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between four teams who lost their first round matches,

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but did so with scores high enough to get another chance to stay in the competition.

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The final place in round two goes to whichever team wins tonight.

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Now, the defeat suffered by St Andrews University was almost certainly divine retribution

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for giving Sir Fred Goodwin an honorary degree in 2004.

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It could also have had something to do with Merton College, Oxford

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being slightly better at general knowledge questions.

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Whatever the reason, they lost by only 30 points with a very respectable 165

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and are the only team left in the competition from an institution outside England.

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-Let's meet them again.

-Hello. My name is Thomas Volker.

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I'm from Aberdeen and I'm studying Ancient History and Archaeology.

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Good evening. I'm Thomas Lazarides.

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I'm from Somerset and I'm studying Chemistry.

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-Their captain.

-I'm Doug Kennedy from Southampton,

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studying Modern History and Philosophy.

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I'm Dustin Frazier from West Virginia

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and I'm doing a PhD in English and History of Art.

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APPLAUSE

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Worcester College, Oxford gave Clare College, Cambridge a run for their money in the first round

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and were neck and neck for much of the match, only to lose in the last minute by 180 points to Clare's 190.

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They were familiar with how to brew beer and the place of the oyster in literature

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and they even had an answer to the eternal conundrum - what is the use of a BA in English?

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Let's meet the team again.

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Hi, I'm Dave Knapp from Woking and I'm studying Engineering.

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I'm Jack Bramhill from Colchester, studying Chemistry.

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-Their captain.

-I'm Rebecca Gillie from Weymouth,

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reading French and Italian.

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I'm Jonathan Metzer from London, reading Classics.

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APPLAUSE

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OK, the rules are unchanging - ten points for starters, 15 for bonuses,

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five-point fines for incorrect interruptions. Here's your first starter for ten.

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The post-war series of measures known officially as the European Recovery Program

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is more generally referred to as a Plan named after...

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-The Marshall Plan.

-Correct.

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The first set of bonuses are for you, St Andrews. They're on scientific apparatus.

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Born in 1791, which British scientist gives his name to an enclosure of conducting material

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that protects electronic equipment from electrostatic discharges?

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-We don't know.

-Michael Faraday, the Faraday cage.

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Derived from that of the botanist who devised it in around 1829,

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what name was given to a glass case used to house plants,

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particularly ferns, both domestically and during transportation from overseas?

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WHISPERING

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-A terrarium?

-No, it's a Wardian case.

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The father of a noted novelist, which 19th century engineer gives his name to a shield or screen

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which houses meteorological instruments while allowing the free circulation of air around them?

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-Huxley?

-No, Stevenson. Another starter question.

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"An example of the sad results to be expected from the over-education of the lower orders."

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These words from The Morning Post refer to which author?

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Born in Walsall in 1859, his best known work features himself, two friends and a dog called...

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-Jerome K Jerome.

-Yes.

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Your first set of bonuses, Worcester College, are on crowns.

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The British Imperial State Crown, worn by the Queen for the State Opening of Parliament,

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contains among its jewels the Second Star of Africa, the second largest portion of which famous diamond?

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-Nominate Knapp.

-Koh-i-Noor.

-No, the Cullinan diamond.

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The Iron Crown of Lombardy, formerly used for the coronation of the Holy Roman Emperors,

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is kept in the cathedral of which Italian city near Milan?

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-Modena?

-Modena?

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Modena, I think.

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-Modena?

-No, it's Monza.

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St Edward's Crown, used for the coronation of a British sovereign, is named after which King?

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WHISPERING

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-Edward I?

-Edward the Confessor.

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Ten points for this starter.

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What given name begins words meaning a gambling system of doubling stakes continually in the hope of a win,

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a type of vermouth, a strict disciplinarian

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and a Caribbean island administered as part of France?

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-Martin.

-Martin is right, yes.

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These bonuses are on abbreviations this time.

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The economic theory that the true rate of exchange between two currencies can be determined

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by what can be bought with a unit of each is known as PPP. For what do these initials stand?

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-Purchasing Power Parity.

-Correct. Founded in 1888,

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which US collegiate women's sorority has the initials DDD?

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-Delta Delta Delta.

-Delta Delta Delta.

-Correct, Tri Delta.

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The radioactive element roentgenium, named after the German physicist,

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originally had a systematic element name referring to its atomic number 111,

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resulting in what three-letter symbol?

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-UUU.

-Correct. Another starter question. Active in the mid-2nd century BC,

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the Greek astronomer Hipparchus is credited as the inventor of which branch of mathematics,

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having used tables to compute the eccentricity of the orbits of the moon and sun?

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-Hyperbolics?

-Anyone like to buzz from St Andrews?

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It's trigonometry. Ten points for this. What two-word term originates in Shakespeare's Hamlet

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in words spoken by Ophelia to her brother Laertes,

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the term denoting an easy and superficially attractive route that may lead to...

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-Primrose path.

-Correct.

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Your bonuses now are on a shell.

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What name for a bivalve mollusc of the genus Pecten, and for its distinctive shell,

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also denotes thin slices of meat or fish often dusted with flour and sauteed?

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-Scallop.

-Correct. The words "I hear those voices that will not be drowned" are found

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on a sculpture called The Scallop by Maggi Hambling.

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On the beach at Aldeburgh, it is dedicated to which composer from whose opera the words are taken?

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-Benjamin Britten.

-Correct. The scallop shell is also a symbol of pilgrimage,

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denoting that the wearer has visited the shrine of St James at which site in northern Spain?

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-Nominate Knapp.

-Santiago de Compostela.

-Correct.

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We'll take a picture round now. For your starter, you'll see the text of a political document,

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converted into a word cloud or a graphical representation

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in which the font size and the colour of various words denotes the frequency of their use within it.

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Ten points if you can name the document.

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-Is it the 2010 Coalition Agreement?

-Yes, it is.

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Your bonuses - three word clouds representing documents of historical and political significance.

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Five points for each you can identify. Firstly?

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WHISPERING

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-The Magna Carta.

-Correct. Secondly?

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-The Ministry of Work and Pensions.

-Any ideas?

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It could be the introduction of state pensions or something?

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Introduction of state pensions?

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It did include that, but the answer is the Beveridge Report

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which was the document on which all that welfare state was founded. Finally?

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I would say the Communist Manifesto.

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-The Communist Manifesto?

-Correct. Ten points for this.

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Born in Cremona in 1567, which composer has been called

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"the last madrigalist and the first operatic composer"?

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Credited with the introduction of pizzicato and tremolo,

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his works include the Vespers and the opera Orfeo.

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-Is it Monteverdi?

-It is Monteverdi, yes.

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Your bonuses this time are on Pacific islands.

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Around the size of Wales, Grande Terre is the main island of which French collectivity?

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1,500 kilometres east of Queensland, Captain Cook is said to have named it after his father's homeland.

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-New Caledonia.

-New Caledonia.

-Correct.

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Less than half the size of Scotland, the island of New Britain is part of which Pacific island state?

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-I think it's Papua New Guinea.

-Papua New Guinea.

-Correct.

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Before independence in 1980, which Pacific island state was known as a condominium of the New Hebrides,

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administered jointly by the UK and France?

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-I think it's the Solomon Islands.

-Solomon Islands?

-No, Vanuatu.

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Ten points for this. Quote: "Like the procreation of eels, it is slippery and mysterious."

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These words of civil servant Claud Schuster describe the relationship

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between the Prime Minister and which institution?

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-The monarchy.

-No. Worcester?

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-The European Union.

-No, it's the Cabinet. Ten points for this.

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From an event in Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress

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in which property, preferments, kingdoms and pleasures were all for sale,

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what name was taken by Thackeray for the title of his novel...

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-Vanity Fair.

-Vanity Fair is right.

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Right, St Andrews, your bonuses are on eponymous architects.

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The designer of Birmingham Town Hall, which English architect is best remembered

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for his invention of a light, two-wheeled, covered carriage

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in which the driver sits high up at the back?

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CONFERRING

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-Hackney?

-It's Hansom. You got the right idea, but it was the wrong name.

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What style of architecture is characterised by classical columns in porticos

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and is named after an Italian architect who based his work on that of Vitruvius?

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-Nominate Frazier.

-Palladian.

-Correct. Which French architect gives his name

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to a roof with two slopes, the lower of which is almost vertical?

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-No idea.

-We don't know.

-It's a mansard.

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Ten points for this. What is the common name for the nutritious seed

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of the papilionaceous climbing plants Pisum sativum and Pisum arvense?

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-Grapes?

-Anyone like to buzz from St Andrews?

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-Quinoa?

-No, it's pea. Ten points for this.

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More commonly cited in the US, the economic indicator known as the Misery Index

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measures overall economic performance by adding inflation to which other rate?

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-The interest rate.

-No. St Andrews?

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-The rate of economic growth.

-No, it's unemployment. Ten points for this.

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In 2010, Grade 2 listed status was granted to the villa in St John's Wood that was bought by EMI in 1929.

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It houses which studios where Pink Floyd...

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-Abbey Road Studios.

-Abbey Road is correct.

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Your bonuses this time are on acids.

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Muriatic acid and "spirits of salts" are names formerly given to which highly corrosive mineral acid?

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-Hydrochloric acid.

-Correct.

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Nitric acid, the chemical usually combined with hydrochloric acid to form aqua regis,

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used to dissolve gold, was formerly known by what alchemical name?

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WHISPERING

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-Answer, please.

-Nominate Bramhill.

-Spirit of nitre?

-No, aqua fortis.

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Oil of vitriol is an early name for the concentrated form of which acid?

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-Sulphuric.

-Sulphuric acid.

-Correct. Another starter question.

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Starch, cellulose and glycogen are condensation polymers of which...

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-Glucose.

-Glucose is right, yes.

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This set of bonuses, St Andrews, are on film noir screenplays.

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Which Anglo-American author of detective fiction wrote the screenplay

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for the 1946 film noir The Blue Dahlia, starring Veronica Lake?

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WHISPERING

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-Dashiell Hammett?

-No, Raymond Chandler.

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Co-written by Chandler and Billy Wilder, which 1944 film noir starred Barbara Stanwyck,

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was based on a novel by James Cain and takes its title from a term used in life insurance policies?

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-Double Indemnity.

-Correct. Chandler also collaborated on the screenplay of which 1951 Hitchcock film

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based on a novel by Patricia Highsmith about a proposed double murder?

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-Strangers On A Train.

-Correct. We'll take a music round now.

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You'll hear a piece of popular music. 10 points for the name of this solo artist.

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# Ordinary boys... #

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-Morrissey?

-Morrissey is right, yes.

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Right, the band The Ordinary Boys chose their name from Morrissey's song of that title.

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For your bonuses, three more songs where the title became the name of a band. 5 points for the name.

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Firstly for 5 points, the name of this song from 1967.

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MUSIC PLAYS

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# They touched both my eyes

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# And I touched the dew on their hem... #

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It's a song about Atlantis.

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-Atlantis.

-Is that a band?

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-I don't think it is.

-But we have to try something.

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I'm not sure about this.

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-Atlantis?

-No, Sisters of Mercy by Leonard Cohen. That became a band in Leeds in 1980.

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Also from 1967, the name of this song, please.

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MUSIC PLAYS

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# Cutie, don't you play with fate

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# Don't leave your lover alone

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# If you go out on this date

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-# His heart will turn to stone... #

-Any idea?

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-Er...we don't know.

-That's Death Cab For Cutie. And, finally, from 1986...

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# You and I have no secrets

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# Now, baby, let me read your mind... #

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-Radiohead.

-Yes! 10 points for this.

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The name of the Scottish-born designer JP Lee was combined with that of which location

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in the name of a rifle made there...

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-Enfield.

-Enfield is right.

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Your bonuses are on pairs of words whose spelling differs by adding a T after the third letter,

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for example, pin and pint. Give both words from the definitions.

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A pipe for conveying smoke or hot air and a wind instrument?

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-Flue and flute.

-Flue and flute.

-Correct.

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Secondly, lesson of a story or fable and liable to death and, hence, ungodlike?

0:16:520:16:58

-Moral and mortal.

-Correct. Nerve cell and uncharged particle of similar mass to a proton?

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-Neuron and neutron.

-Yes! 10 points for this.

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The Hebrew word "nabis" meaning prophet was adopted as the name of a group of artists,

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including Vuillard and Bonnard, who drew much of their inspiration from which post-Impressionist, born 1848?

0:17:160:17:23

-Degas?

-St Andrews? Have a buzz.

0:17:280:17:32

-Seurat.

-No, it's Gauguin. In the making of red wine, what four-letter mass noun denotes grape juice

0:17:330:17:41

before or during fermentation at which point...

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-Pulp.

-No, you lose 5 points. ..at which point it includes stem fragments, seeds and pulp?

0:17:440:17:51

-Must.

-Must is correct.

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These bonuses are on poetry. Which poem by Oscar Wilde begins,

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"He did not wear his scarlet coat, for blood and wine are red,

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"And blood and wine were on his hands when they found him with the dead"?

0:18:050:18:11

-Ballad of Reading Gaol?

-Correct. To whom did Richard Lovelace address his poem, From Prison, which begins,

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"When love with unconfined wings Hovers within my gates"?

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-We don't know.

-That's Althea. "To Althea, from Prison."

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Which of the Romantic poets was the author in 1797 of the poem This Lime-Tree Bower, My Prison?

0:18:310:18:38

-Keats?

-No, Coleridge. The pigment red ochre is a powdered form of which mineral of iron oxide,

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the most important ore of iron...

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-Haematites.

-Haematite is right. Your bonuses this time are on shared surnames.

0:18:530:18:58

What surname was shared by a niece and uncle, the first a designer associated with shocking pink,

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the latter an astronomer whose observations of markings on the surface of Mars

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led to speculation about life on the planet?

0:19:120:19:16

Possibly Cassini?

0:19:200:19:22

-Let's have an answer, please.

-Cassini?

-No, Schiaparelli.

0:19:220:19:27

What name links the composer of the opera La Sonnambula, a Venetian painter known for his altar pieces

0:19:270:19:34

and an anatomist who described the excretory ducts of the kidney now named after him?

0:19:340:19:40

-Nominate Bramhill.

-Langerhans?

-No, it's Bellini.

0:19:400:19:44

Which London-born clown, who died in 1837, shares his surname with the Genoese family

0:19:440:19:50

who became Lords of Monaco in the late 13th century?

0:19:500:19:54

-We don't know.

-Grimaldi. The defeat of the LTTE

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or Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam in May, 2009,

0:20:030:20:07

effectively brought to an end the 25-year civil war in...

0:20:070:20:12

-Sri Lanka.

-Sri Lanka is right.

0:20:120:20:14

This set of bonuses is on world cities.

0:20:160:20:20

The 40th parallel of latitude passes through the cities of Philadelphia, Ankara and which East Asian capital?

0:20:200:20:27

- India? - Not Beijing?

0:20:330:20:38

-Let's have an answer, please.

-Tokyo.

-No, it's Beijing.

0:20:380:20:43

London and Calgary both lie between the 51st and 52nd parallels.

0:20:430:20:48

Which Central Asian capital is closest in latitude?

0:20:480:20:52

-Go Tehran.

-Tehran?

-No, Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan.

0:21:020:21:07

Which capital of the Americas lies close to the same parallel of latitude as Venice and Zagreb?

0:21:070:21:12

-Mexico City?

-No, it's Ottawa.

0:21:160:21:19

Time for another picture round. A photograph of an English author. 10 points if you give me his name.

0:21:190:21:25

-HG Wells?

-No. Worcester College? One of you buzz.

0:21:300:21:35

-CS Lewis?

-No, it's EM Forster, a man who liked to keep a low profile, evidently successfully.

0:21:350:21:41

Picture bonuses in a moment or two. Named because its spacecraft had two crew members,

0:21:410:21:48

which NASA space program...

0:21:480:21:51

-Gemini.

-Gemini is correct.

0:21:510:21:53

You failed to identify EM Forster, but you get the picture bonuses.

0:21:550:22:00

He was part of the Bloomsbury Group. Three more of the members of that group. 5 for each you can identify.

0:22:000:22:06

Firstly...

0:22:060:22:08

-Virginia Woolf?

-Nothing like her! It's Vanessa Bell. Secondly...

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-Em...yeah, we don't know.

-That's Clive Bell, her husband. Finally...

0:22:250:22:29

-Lewis Carroll?

-Lewis Carroll?! Well, no!

0:22:430:22:48

Very much no! It's Lytton Strachey. 10 points for this.

0:22:480:22:53

-Which Commonwealth country has a bay, an island, a mountain range and a major public...

-Canada.

0:22:530:23:00

No. Lose 5 points. ..and a public university named after Lincolnshire navigator Matthew Flinders,

0:23:000:23:07

born in 1774?

0:23:070:23:09

-Australia.

-Indeed.

0:23:100:23:12

Your bonuses are on avian anatomy.

0:23:140:23:17

Palmate, raptorial and zygodactyl are terms applied to which specific part of a bird's anatomy?

0:23:170:23:24

-Foot.

-Correct. Most flying birds have how many toes on each foot?

0:23:260:23:31

It's three, I think. I think three.

0:23:330:23:36

-I'd say two.

-Three?

0:23:360:23:39

No, it's four. A bird's foot described as aniso-dactylic would usually have

0:23:390:23:45

how many toes at the front and how many at the back?

0:23:450:23:50

-Come on, let's have an answer.

-Three and one?

-Where?

0:23:560:24:01

-Three front, one back.

-Correct. Another starter question.

0:24:010:24:05

Equal to the work done by a force of one dyne over a distance of one centimetre,

0:24:050:24:11

what is the centimetre-gram-second unit of energy?

0:24:110:24:14

-Erg.

-Correct. These bonuses are on the work of Friedrich Schiller.

0:24:140:24:20

In each case, identify the title character of the work described.

0:24:200:24:24

A trilogy of plays based on the life of a Bohemian general, assassinated in 1634?

0:24:240:24:31

-Let's have an answer.

-We don't know.

-Wallenstein. An historical play

0:24:340:24:39

about the last days of an exiled queen, executed in 1587?

0:24:390:24:44

-Mary, Queen of Scots?

-Yes. The story of a legendary 14th-century freedom fighter,

0:24:440:24:50

later adapted into an opera by Rossini?

0:24:500:24:54

-William Tell?

-Correct. Another starter.

0:24:540:24:57

Ending in the suffix "mouth", even though it's not on the coast,

0:24:570:25:01

which town in Cumbria was the birthplace...

0:25:010:25:04

-Cockermouth.

-Correct. Your set of bonuses this time are on biology.

0:25:040:25:10

Found mainly in foods derived from animals, which of the B vitamins contains cobalt

0:25:100:25:14

and is also known as cobalamin?

0:25:140:25:17

-B12?

-Correct. Which Group Two metal is found in the porphyrin ring of chlorophyll?

0:25:170:25:23

-Magnesium.

-Magnesium.

-Which Group Eight metal readily converts between oxidation states

0:25:230:25:29

and is found in cytochromes of the electron transport chain?

0:25:290:25:33

-Iron.

-Right. Two minutes to go.

0:25:330:25:36

"Our life is frittered away by detail. Simplify, simplify." These are the words of which...

0:25:360:25:42

-Thoreau?

-Thoreau is correct, yes.

0:25:420:25:46

A set of bonuses on a shared name.

0:25:460:25:49

Which US President was re-elected in 1916 under the campaign slogan, "He kept us out of the war"?

0:25:490:25:56

-Woodrow Wilson.

-Correct. Woodrow Wilson were the first two given names of which American folk singer,

0:25:560:26:03

best known for Dust Bowl ballads?

0:26:030:26:05

-Woody Guthrie.

-Correct. The American astronomer Robert Woodrow Wilson is jointly credited

0:26:050:26:11

with the discovery in 1964 of CMB. For what do these initials stand?

0:26:110:26:17

-Cosmic Background Radiation?

-No, Cosmic Microwave Background.

0:26:180:26:23

You missed out the M. Right, Duluth, Thunder Bay and Marquette are among the largest settlements

0:26:230:26:29

on the shore of which...

0:26:290:26:32

-Lake Superior.

-Correct. Here are your bonuses this time on the various treaties of Versailles.

0:26:320:26:38

In the Treaty of Versailles of 1768, Genoa ceded which Mediterranean island to France?

0:26:380:26:44

-Corsica.

-In 1783, Britain signed two Treaties of Versailles settling her colonial disputes with France

0:26:440:26:51

and which other country?

0:26:510:26:53

-Spain.

-The Treaty of Versailles of 1871, ending the Franco-Prussian War, is signed by which two leaders?

0:26:530:26:59

Bismarck and...

0:26:590:27:02

-Bismarck and...?

-Come on. Let's have it.

-We don't know.

0:27:020:27:07

It was Bismarck and Thiers. Probably a Greek born in Antioch, who according to Christian tradition

0:27:070:27:13

was the only gentile among the four evangelists?

0:27:130:27:18

-Luke.

-It was, yes!

0:27:210:27:24

Your bonuses are on an English poet.

0:27:240:27:26

2010 saw the announcement of discovery of a previously unknown poem, Dear Jake, by which poet?

0:27:260:27:32

He died in 1985, having refused the role of Poet Laureate in 1984.

0:27:320:27:36

-John Betjeman?

-Philip Larkin. Which future Poet Laureate was the author in 1993

0:27:360:27:42

of Larkin's official biography, A Writer's Life?

0:27:420:27:46

-Andrew Motion?

-Correct.

-GONG

0:27:460:27:48

We have to say goodbye, St Andrews. You were unlucky, but beaten by a pretty strong team tonight.

0:27:560:28:04

Worcester College, we'll see you in the next stage of the competition.

0:28:040:28:08

I hope you can join us next time. Until then, goodbye from St Andrews,

0:28:080:28:13

goodbye from Worcester College

0:28:130:28:15

and goodbye from me. Goodbye.

0:28:150:28:18

Subtitles by Subtext for Red Bee Media Ltd - 2011

0:28:300:28:34

Email [email protected]

0:28:350:28:37

In the last of the two highest scoring losers matches from round one, St Andrews fights it out with Worcester College, Oxford for a place in the second round. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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