Episode 17 University Challenge


Episode 17

In the first of the second round matches, the University of Leeds plays Clare College, Cambridge, for a place in the quarter-finals. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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Transcript


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APPLAUSE

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Asking the questions - Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. It's the first match in the second round tonight.

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16 teams have made it through to this stage

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and as a reward, from now on, they're going to find the questions

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get just that little pleasurable bit harder.

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The winners in this round go through to the quarterfinals immediately.

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The team from Leeds University is one of the youngest in the contest with an average age of 19.

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They scored 220 in their first-round match against Goldsmiths College, London

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by knowing all about Russian authors, SI units

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and what King Ferdinand of Naples liked to do when his wife wasn't watching.

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Let's meet them again.

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I'm Lucy Bennett from Wigan and I'm studying English and French.

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I'm Peter Hufton from Mansfield and I'm studying theoretical physics.

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-And their captain.

-I'm Lewis Mills from St Albans and I'm studying biology.

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I'm Christian Mannsaker from Newcastle. I'm studying classical civilisation.

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APPLAUSE

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The team from Clare College, Cambridge

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won their first-round match against Worcester College, Oxford by a margin of only ten points.

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Helping them on to victory was their knowledge of English kings, the seven deadly sins

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and some of the world's more ludicrous world championships.

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Let's see what they can come up with tonight.

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I'm Chris Cao from Oxfordshire and I'm studying mathematics.

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I'm Daniel Janes from east London and I'm studying history.

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-Their captain.

-I'm Jonathan Burley from Buckinghamshire and I'm studying physics.

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I'm Jonathan Foxwell from Surrey and I'm reading natural sciences.

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APPLAUSE

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OK, fingers on buzzers. Here's your first starter for 10.

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Which short adjective means guttural rather than sibilant when applied to consonants,

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orthographically necessary when referring to hyphens

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and difficult to lather when describing water?

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-Hard?

-Hard is right, yes.

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Right, Clare College, your bonuses are on an island group.

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Yell and Unst are among the islands of which group

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on a similar latitude to Anchorage and St Petersburg?

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(The Faroes?)

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(The Faroes?)

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-The Faroe Islands?

-No, the Shetland Islands.

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Meaning "end of the holiday", what name is given to the festival held in Lerwick every January,

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beginning with a torch-lit procession

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and culminating in the burning of a full-size replica Viking long ship?

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-I have no idea.

-The Wicker Man?

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-Pass.

-It's Up Helly Aa.

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Prior to 1469, Shetland and Orkney belonged to which country,

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whose king pledged them as a dowry for his daughter

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on her marriage to King James III of Scotland?

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-Denmark.

-Correct. Another starter question.

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Quote, "The name can mean an arched window to let in the light

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"or a surgical instrument to cut out the dross,

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"and I intend to use it in both senses."

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These are the words of the founder of which periodical,

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first published in 1823?

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-Lancet.

-The Lancet is right, yes.

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Your bonuses are on Simon Schama's "A History of Britain".

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I want you to identify the monarch he's describing.

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Quote, "With her heart-shaped face, creamy complexion,

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"auburn hair and almond-shaped, heavy-lidded eyes,

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"she evidently had the stuff to make men, especially poets, pant with dreams of possession.

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"She was, however, not just a pretty face"

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-Elizabeth I.

-No, it was Mary Queen of Scots.

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"He was ruthless in war, yet capable of falling apart

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"when the queen, who had borne him 15 children, died.

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"His mettle had been tested early and often by bungled military campaigns in Wales

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"and by falling hostage, literally, to a great civil war."

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Try Edward II.

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-Edward II.

-No, Edward I.

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Finally, "You could practically smell the testosterone.

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"Any way and anywhere he could flash his burly energy, he flashed it,

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"in the saddle, on the dance floor or on the tennis court."

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-Henry VIII.

-Correct. Another starter question.

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What word formerly referred to boys who served as pages to knights,

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and therefore not old enough to fight on horseback,

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and later came to denote a body of foot soldiers?

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-Squire.

-No. Anyone like to buzz from Leeds?

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-Footman?

-No, it's infantry. Ten points for this.

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The son of a political exile, which member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

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completed The Girlhood of Mary Virgin in 1849?

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Dante Gabriel Rossetti.

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Correct.

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Your bonuses this time are on human physiology.

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What common name is given to the substance found in the blood, brain and gastrointestinal tract

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which plays in an important part in haemostasis

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and is involved in sleep, mood changes and prolactin secretion?

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THEY WHISPER

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Any other ideas? Melatonin.

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Melatonin.

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No, it's serotonin.

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Which hormone is produced from serotonin

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and fluctuates in concentration, being at its highest in darkness

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and is thought to help regulate circadian rhythms?

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-That is melatonin.

-It is.

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Which small gland in the brain synthesises melatonin

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and plays an important role in determining seasonal breeding patterns in some mammals?

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(Is it pineal or pituitary?)

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Pineal or pituitary.

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-Pineal.

-Correct.

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Ten points for this starter question.

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In standard SI units, what measures 9.78 metres-per-second...?

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Acceleration due to gravity.

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-Correct.

-APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses are on an artist, Leeds.

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Known for an enthusiastic assessment of his own talent as "close to Picasso",

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which US artist's works include many made by gluing plates to canvas and painting over them,

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such as the 1982 piece Humanity Asleep?

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-(Rothko?)

-OK.

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Rothko?

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No, it's Julian Schnabel.

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Schnabel made his directorial debut with the 1996 film

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about which Caribbean-American painter

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who first came to notice as a graffiti artist

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but died of a heroin overdose at the age of 27?

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(Basquiat. I don't know how you say it.)

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-Nominate.

-No, don't, because I don't know how you say it!

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-Basquiat?

-Nominate Bennett.

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-Basquiat?

-Correct.

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Which 2007 film by Schnabel was an adaptation of a memoir

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by former editor-in-chief of Elle Magazine Jean-Dominique Bauby

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written after a stroke that paralysed all but his left eye?

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The Diving Bell and the Butterfly.

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-The Diving Bell and the Butterfly.

-Correct.

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In plant tissue, what material is produced by the phellogen,

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a specialised meristem in plants

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which undergo secondary thickening, the product from Quercus...?

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Wood. Er... Sorry, I didn't really think through what you said.

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Anyone like to... You can hear the rest... You lose five points, too.

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..the product from Quercus suber has numerous commercial applications?

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-Rubber?

-No, it's cork. Ten points for this.

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"Never very far from the actual formalities of song and dance,

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"the long last act is half mask and half play,

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and in song and dance, the play ends."

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The words of critic Harley Granville-Barker describe which Shakespeare play,

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set mainly in the park of the King of Navarre?

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-Love's Labour's Lost.

-Correct.

-APPLAUSE

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A set of bonuses now on writer's private lives.

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Henrietta Godolphin, second Duchess of Marlborough, was the lover of which playwright?

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He is believed to have fathered her child, Mary, in 1723

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and was also known to be close to the actress Anne Bracegirdle,

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for whom he wrote parts in several of his works.

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-Moliere.

-I don't know.

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Was Moliere even around then?

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Come on.

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-No.

-William Congreve.

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"Remember thee! Remember thee! Till lethe quench life's burning stream,

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"Remorse and shame shall cling to thee

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"And haunt thee like a feverish dream!"

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Which Romantic poet wrote those lines

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as a rejection of the repeated advances of his former lover?

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-Is it William Blake?

-I don't think so. Byron? Shelley?

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It could be Byron.

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-Er, Lord Byron?

-Correct.

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Who, between 1660 and 1669, chronicled his affairs

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with William Bagwell's wife, Jane Welsh, the servant of his barber,

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Sarah from the Swan Inn, Betty Martin and Deb Willet,

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the latter being his own wife's maidservant?

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-Roxborough?

-It could be Pepys.

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It might be Pepys, actually.

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John Wilmot.

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Lots of different answers.

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Nominate Bennett.

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-John Wilmot.

-No. You're thinking of Rochester. It's Samuel Pepys.

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We're going to take a picture round. You'll see a series of chemical formulae.

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For ten points, give me the name of the series.

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It doesn't look as if anybody's going to buzz.

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-BUZZER

-It's the Mohs scale. Too late.

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Picture bonuses shortly. Another starter question.

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Which element comes next in this sequence, given in reverse order by atomic number:

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bismuth, lead, thallium, mercury and what?

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Platinum.

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No. Anyone like to buzz?

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-Gold?

-Gold is correct.

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APPLAUSE

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We go back to the Mohs scale,

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which was created by the German Friedrich Mohs

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as a way of comparing the hardness of minerals.

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Your picture bonuses are photographs of three minerals that appear on the Mohs scale,

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alongside specific chemical formulae for them.

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Five points for each you can name.

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First for five, this mineral.

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THEY WHISPER

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Corundum?

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-Corundum.

-No, that is Topaz.

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Secondly...

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Any ideas?

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THEY WHISPER

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-Corundum?

-That is corundum.

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Finally, this material?

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-Diamond.

-Diamond.

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Correct. Having fought with distinction at the battles of Richfield and Saratoga,

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which US general's name became a byword for treachery when...?

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-Benedict Arnold.

-Correct.

-APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses, Clare, are on political siblings.

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Ed and David Miliband were the first brothers to hold positions in the same cabinet

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since Edward and Oliver Stanley in the government of which prime minister?

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Er, try Disraeli.

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-Disraeli.

-No, it was Neville Chamberlain. 1938.

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The brother and sister who both contested seats in Somerset in the general election of 2010

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are the children of which former editor of The Times?

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Rees-Mogg.

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-Nominate Janes.

-William Rees-Mogg.

-Correct.

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Which siblings, one representing Wallasey and the other Garston and Halewood,

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held office as ministers of state in Gordon Brown's government?

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-The Eagles. Oh!

-Nominate Janes.

-The Eagles?

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-Do you remember their first names?

-Angela and Maria?

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-Correct! Well done.

-APPLAUSE

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A starter question.

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Which English translation of the German word "auch"

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shares its spelling with a German translation of the English word "thus"?

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-Is it "also"?

-It is! Yes.

-APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses this time, Clare College, are on infectious disease.

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To which genus of bacteria did the causative agents of human and bovine tuberculosis belong?

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THEY WHISPER

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..they're really thick-walled bacteria.

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-Bacillus.

-No, that's anthrax.

-That's true.

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-Come on. Let's have an answer, please.

-Any ideas?

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-Bacillus.

-Bacillus.

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No, it's mycobacterium or mycobacteria.

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What is the common name for Hansen's disease,

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a disfiguring infection caused by a species of mycobacterium?

0:12:350:12:39

-Leprosy.

-Leprosy.

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Correct. Awarded the Nobel Prize in 1905,

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which German physician discovered the tuberculosis bacillus in 1877?

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-Koch.

-Koch.

-Correct.

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Another starter question.

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Infinitesimals and fluxions

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were terms originally used in which branch of mathematics...?

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-Calculus.

-Correct.

-APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses this time are on films of the 1950s.

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Born in Mississippi in 1897, which author's works include the 1940 novel The Hamlet,

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filmed in 1958, with Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward and Orson Welles

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under the title "The Long, Hot Summer"?

0:13:150:13:18

-William Faulkner?

-Faulkner.

-Faulkner is correct.

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"Suddenly, Last Summer",

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released in 1959, starring Elizabeth Taylor and Katherine Hepburn,

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was based on the play of the same name by which US dramatist, born in 1914?

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Neil Simon?

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He's not as old as that.

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1914...

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Oh, try... No. Try Neil Simon.

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-Neil Simon.

-It's Tennessee Williams.

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Later adapted as a stage musical entitled "A Little Night Music",

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"Smiles of a Summer Night", released in 1955,

0:13:470:13:51

is by which Scandinavian director, born in 1918?

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-Nominate Janes.

-Ingmar Bergman?

-You're quite right.

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A music round now.

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You're going to hear a piece of classical music taken from an opera, which premiered in 1911.

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For ten points, I simply want the name of the composer.

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WOMAN SINGS IN GERMAN

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Is it Mahler?

0:14:140:14:16

No. Anyone like to buzz? You may hear a little more actually, Clare.

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MUSIC RESUMES

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-Strauss?

-Which one?

-Richard.

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Richard Strauss is right. Der Rosenkavalier.

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2011 is the centenary year of the premier of Der Rosenkavalier.

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Three more extracts from operas of varying styles

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also celebrating their anniversary in 2011.

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In each case, I want the name of the composer.

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Firstly for five, the Hungarian composer of this piece...

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DRAMATIC INSTRUMENTAL

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Bartok. MUSIC DROWNS OUT SPEECH

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ALL: Bartok.

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-Barson.

-Bartok!

-Bartok. Sorry!

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I have to accept the answer you give. You obviously misheard it.

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-Bluebeard's Castle.

-Sorry.

-You were given the right information, but you misheard it.

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OK, secondly for five. The American composer of this piece...

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JOLLY MUSIC

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MUSIC DROWNS OUT SPEECH

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Just say Gershwin. Gershwin!

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-Nominate Janes.

-George Gershwin?

0:15:360:15:39

Scott Joplin. Finally, the French composer of this...

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MAN SINGS IN FRENCH

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Debussy?

0:15:480:15:50

Yes. Debussy.

0:15:500:15:53

-Debussy.

-No, it's Maurice Ravel.

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Ten points for this starter. What name is the first, middle and surname respectively

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of the authors of The Old Devils, The Naked and the Dead...?

0:16:010:16:05

-Kingsley.

-Kingsley is right, yes.

0:16:050:16:08

Right, your questions this time are on the names of wars.

0:16:100:16:15

Firstly for five. The conflict, often called the English Civil War,

0:16:150:16:19

is sometimes given what name by historians,

0:16:190:16:21

including Trevor Royle in the subtitle of his work of 2005

0:16:210:16:25

to take into account the simultaneous fighting in Scotland and Ireland?

0:16:250:16:29

-Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

-Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

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Correct. The 18th-century war called the Third Carnatic War in India,

0:16:320:16:36

the French and Indian war in the United States

0:16:360:16:39

and the third Silesian War in Central Europe

0:16:390:16:42

is known by what name in the UK?

0:16:420:16:44

-War of the Austrian Succession.

-The Seven Years' War is what it's normally known as.

0:16:440:16:49

Fought between Britain and Spain from 1739 to 1748,

0:16:490:16:52

La Guerra Del Asiento, meaning the War Of The Contract,

0:16:520:16:55

is known in English by what name?

0:16:550:16:57

Er, that's the war of the... Oh, no. The War of Jenkins' Ear.

0:16:570:17:02

-Nominate Janes.

-War of Jenkins' Ear.

-Correct.

0:17:020:17:05

Another starter question.

0:17:050:17:06

Named after the man who raised the first seedlings in Britain,

0:17:060:17:09

what name is given to the fast-growing tree

0:17:090:17:11

that is a natural hybrid of the Nootka Cypress from Alaska

0:17:110:17:15

and the Monterey Cypress from California?

0:17:150:17:17

Is it the London plane?

0:17:180:17:20

No. Someone buzz from Leeds.

0:17:200:17:24

They're the notorious Leylandii. Ten points for this.

0:17:240:17:27

What female-given name links Picasso's mistress from 1935 to '45,

0:17:270:17:32

the alias given by Freud to Ida Bauer,

0:17:320:17:34

whom he diagnosed as an hysteric in 1900,

0:17:340:17:37

and the acronym of the Act of Parliament

0:17:370:17:40

that restricted licensing hours during...?

0:17:400:17:43

-Dora.

-Dora is right, yes.

-APPLAUSE

0:17:430:17:45

Right, your bonuses are on the philosophy of religion.

0:17:480:17:51

Give the two-word expression used to denote the following arguments.

0:17:510:17:55

After a French philosopher, the argument that belief in God is the best bet,

0:17:550:17:59

for to make the bet can mean to win all and to lose is to lose nothing?

0:17:590:18:03

-Hang on, does he want Pascal's Wager or Pascal?

-Pascal's Wager.

0:18:030:18:07

-Pascal's Wager.

-Correct.

0:18:070:18:09

After an English philosopher, born 1872, a celestial item of crockery,

0:18:090:18:13

used in an analogy, it attempts to transfer the burden of proof

0:18:130:18:16

from those arguing against the existence of God to those arguing for it?

0:18:160:18:21

-Russell's teapot.

-Correct. From a medieval English philosopher,

0:18:210:18:24

the principle that entities are not to be multiplied beyond necessity?

0:18:240:18:28

Occam's razor.

0:18:280:18:29

-Occam's razor.

-Correct. Another starter.

0:18:290:18:32

In electromagnetism, the time-averaged value of what vector, named after its inventor,

0:18:320:18:36

gives the energy flux of an electromagnetic wave in a vacuum?

0:18:360:18:41

-Is it the Poynting vector?

-It is a Poynting vector, yes.

0:18:410:18:44

Your bonuses, Clare College, are on French dramatists.

0:18:450:18:48

The 17th-century dramatist and actor Jean-Baptiste Poquelin,

0:18:480:18:51

described by Voltaire as the painter of France,

0:18:510:18:54

is better known by what stage name adopted about 1643?

0:18:540:18:57

-Nominate Janes.

-Moliere.

-Moliere is right.

0:18:570:19:00

Which of Moliere's contemporaries, known for his tragedies Andromaque and Phedre,

0:19:000:19:04

also wrote one comedy, Les Plaideurs, a satire on the French legal system?

0:19:040:19:09

-Racine.

-Correct.

0:19:090:19:11

Which 11th-century Spanish soldier and national hero

0:19:110:19:15

was the subject of a tragedy by Pierre Corneille in 1637

0:19:150:19:18

which had huge popular success but sparked a literary controversy?

0:19:180:19:21

-El Cid.

-Correct.

0:19:210:19:24

We're going to take a second picture round now.

0:19:240:19:26

You'll see a photograph of an ancient artefact.

0:19:260:19:29

Ten points if you can give me the two-word name

0:19:290:19:32

of the site where it was discovered.

0:19:320:19:35

-Sutton Hoo.

-Correct.

-APPLAUSE

0:19:360:19:40

We follow the Sutton Hoo helmet

0:19:420:19:45

with three more photos of items from archaeological finds in England,

0:19:450:19:48

all of them quite recent discoveries.

0:19:480:19:51

Five points if you can name the county in which each was found.

0:19:510:19:54

Firstly this, unearthed in 2009?

0:19:540:19:58

-(It could've been Staffordshire.)

-(It could be.)

0:19:590:20:04

-Staffordshire?

-It's part of the Staffordshire Hoard.

0:20:040:20:07

Secondly, the county where this find was discovered in 2010?

0:20:070:20:12

-Bedfordshire?

-No. Somerset. They're 3rd-century coins.

0:20:190:20:22

Finally, the county where this was discovered, also in 2010?

0:20:220:20:27

-It might be Bath. Where's Bath?

-Somerset.

0:20:290:20:32

-Somerset.

-No, that's Cumbria.

0:20:340:20:36

Ten points for this. Which statesman was ultimately replaced as leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party

0:20:360:20:41

after being named as co-respondent in the divorce proceedings instigated in 1889...?

0:20:410:20:46

-Charles Parnell.

-Charles Stewart Parnell is correct.

0:20:460:20:50

This set of bonuses are on thermometers.

0:20:520:20:54

Which English scientist gives his name to the first successful modern maximum-minimum thermometer,

0:20:540:20:59

demonstrated in 1782?

0:20:590:21:01

Kelvin did one, but I don't know if that's it.

0:21:010:21:03

The Kelvin Scale comes pretty late on. Who else?

0:21:030:21:07

You've got Fahrenheit. Who else?

0:21:070:21:10

It's the name of a thermometer.

0:21:100:21:12

-I think we need an answer.

-Pass.

0:21:120:21:15

James Six.

0:21:150:21:17

The constant volume gas thermometer is used to calibrate thermometers

0:21:170:21:20

from which standard reference temperature,

0:21:200:21:23

given the value of 273.16 Kelvin?

0:21:230:21:26

-Triple point of water.

-Correct.

0:21:290:21:32

Resistance thermometers are sensors based on predictable changes in electrical resistance,

0:21:320:21:37

almost all of them being made of which metal?

0:21:370:21:41

It's going to be gold or...

0:21:410:21:45

-You can't just say gold.

-I don't think that's right.

0:21:450:21:48

-Let's have an answer, please!

-Gold.

-No, it's platinum.

0:21:480:21:52

What number links the year of Galileo's first astronomical observations with a telescope

0:21:520:21:58

to the number of metres in a mile?

0:21:580:22:01

1,706...

0:22:010:22:02

No, that's totally wrong!

0:22:020:22:05

Anyone want to buzz from Clare?

0:22:050:22:07

It's 1609. You were thinking of the number of yards. 10 points for this.

0:22:070:22:11

What surname links the Austrian conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra from 1904,

0:22:110:22:15

the German artist of the 2007 pixelated stained-glass window for Cologne Cathedral

0:22:150:22:20

and the US seismologist who gave his name for a scale for expressing the...?

0:22:200:22:24

-Is it Richter?

-Richter is right, yes.

-APPLAUSE

0:22:240:22:28

Clare College, your bonuses are on US presidential running mates.

0:22:290:22:33

Whom did Ronald Reagan choose as his running mate in 1980?

0:22:330:22:36

He'd been a Texas congressman, ambassador to the United Nations and Director of the CIA?

0:22:360:22:42

-George H W Bush.

-Correct.

0:22:420:22:43

In 1988, George Bush Snr picked as his running mate

0:22:430:22:46

which gaffe-prone senator, noted for misspelling the word potato?

0:22:460:22:50

He was upbraided in a debate when he compared himself to Jack Kennedy.

0:22:500:22:54

-Dan Quayle.

-Correct.

0:22:540:22:56

In 1992, Bill Clinton chose which future Nobel Prize winner to be his running mate?

0:22:560:23:01

-Al Gore.

-Correct.

0:23:010:23:03

Four minutes to go.

0:23:030:23:04

Listen carefully. If Nebraska is neon

0:23:040:23:07

and Arkansas is argon,

0:23:070:23:09

what's Missouri?

0:23:090:23:12

-Molybdenum?

-It is, yes.

-APPLAUSE

0:23:130:23:15

Postal abbreviations and chemical symbols.

0:23:150:23:19

Right, Leeds, some bonuses for you on astronomy.

0:23:190:23:22

I want the month in which each of the following meteor showers occurs or reaches its peak intensity.

0:23:220:23:28

Firstly, for five points, the Leonids?

0:23:280:23:32

-August?

-No, it's November.

0:23:330:23:34

The Orionids and Draconids?

0:23:340:23:39

-February?

-No, that's October.

0:23:400:23:43

The Perseids and Kappa Cygnids?

0:23:430:23:46

-April.

-No, it's August.

0:23:470:23:49

-LAUGHTER

-OK, another starter question.

0:23:490:23:52

MRSA is resistant to the antibiotic methicillin.

0:23:520:23:55

To which class of antibiotics does methicillin belong?

0:23:550:23:58

Er, methicillins. Penicillins, sorry.

0:24:010:24:03

Penicillins, I'll accept. Beta-lactams, yes.

0:24:030:24:06

You get a set of bonuses on a theologian.

0:24:060:24:09

Born 1033 and regarded as the founder of scholasticism,

0:24:090:24:12

which Benedictine monk expounded the ontological proof in the existence of God in his proslogion?

0:24:120:24:18

-Nominate Cao.

-Is it Anselm?

-It is.

0:24:180:24:21

Anselm became Archbishop of Canterbury in the reign of which king,

0:24:210:24:24

who'd kept it vacant for several years to exploit its revenues?

0:24:240:24:28

William II.

0:24:280:24:30

-William II.

-That's right.

0:24:300:24:32

In 1720, Pope Clement XI bestowed what title on Anselm,

0:24:320:24:37

shared, among others, by St Augustine and Pope Gregory I

0:24:370:24:39

and acknowledging the significance of his writing to the Catholic church as a whole?

0:24:390:24:44

-The Greats.

-The Greats.

-No, it's Doctor of the Church.

0:24:440:24:47

Two and a half minutes to go. Klaus Roth, Michael Atiyah,

0:24:470:24:51

Alan Baker, Simon Donaldson, Timothy Gowers and Richard...?

0:24:510:24:55

-Fields Medal.

-Fields Medals are correct. All winners thereof.

0:24:550:24:59

Your bonuses this time are on rivers.

0:24:590:25:02

The name of which river of south England means

0:25:020:25:05

"principle male sex hormone" and "evidence given in a court of law"?

0:25:050:25:09

-THEY WHISPER

-Test.

-Correct.

0:25:090:25:13

The name of which Cornish river appears at the start of words

0:25:130:25:16

meaning "severe form of malaria" and "Spanish fascist movement"?

0:25:160:25:21

Fal. F-A-L. So...

0:25:210:25:24

-What begins with Fal?

-Falmouth.

0:25:240:25:27

-Falmouth.

-No, that's the mouth.

0:25:270:25:30

-The Fal.

-Correct.

0:25:300:25:31

The name of which West Country river begins with words meaning "critical interpretation of a text"

0:25:310:25:36

and the stage direction for "they go out"?

0:25:360:25:39

ALL: Exe.

0:25:390:25:42

-Exe.

-Correct.

0:25:420:25:43

Another starter. What Greek name links the ancient cities of a boy king,

0:25:430:25:47

who may've married his half-sister,

0:25:470:25:49

and a mythical king who did marry his mother?

0:25:490:25:53

Is it Oedipus?

0:25:540:25:55

No. Anyone like to have a buzz from Leeds?

0:25:550:25:59

Hippolytus?

0:25:590:26:00

No, Thebes. Ten points for this. St Genevieve is the patron saint of which city?

0:26:000:26:05

She's said to have saved it in 451 by diverting an attack by Attila and his Huns

0:26:050:26:10

and was buried there around the year 500?

0:26:100:26:13

Milan?

0:26:140:26:16

No. Anyone like to buzz from Clare?

0:26:160:26:18

-Byzantium Constantinople.

-No, it's Paris.

0:26:190:26:22

Often capitalised to identify a specific entity,

0:26:220:26:25

what astronomical term is derived from the Greek word for milk?

0:26:250:26:29

-Galaxy.

-Correct. Your bonuses are on public protests.

0:26:310:26:35

Name the prime minister in office when the following occurred.

0:26:350:26:39

Women's Sunday, June 21st, in Hyde Park,

0:26:390:26:43

at which more than 200,000 gathered to demands women's suffrage?

0:26:430:26:46

Asquith? THEY WHISPER

0:26:460:26:50

-Come on!

-Asquith.

-It was.

0:26:500:26:52

The Jarrow March from Tyneside to London, protesting against unemployment?

0:26:520:26:56

The Jarrow March was in the 1920s, '26.

0:26:560:27:00

-Come on!

-Try Stanley Baldwin.

0:27:000:27:01

-Stanley Baldwin.

-It was.

0:27:010:27:03

Finally, the first Aldermaston March against nuclear weapons?

0:27:030:27:07

-McMillan.

-McMillan.

-It was. 1958. Ten points for this...

0:27:070:27:10

The letters Y, K and J appear in succession in the names of which capital city?

0:27:100:27:17

-Reykjavik.

-Reykjavik is right. Your bonuses...

0:27:190:27:22

-END-OF-SHOW GONG

-At the gong, Leeds have 65.

0:27:220:27:26

Clare College have 320.

0:27:260:27:28

Well, Leeds,

0:27:310:27:33

it wasn't a great performance, let's be frank!

0:27:330:27:36

But you're an entertaining team. Thank you for playing the game. We have to say goodbye to you.

0:27:360:27:42

320 is a very, very impressive score.

0:27:420:27:44

We shall look forward to seeing you in the next stage of the competition.

0:27:440:27:48

I hope you can join me next time for another second-round match.

0:27:480:27:51

-Until then, it's goodbye from Leeds University...

-ALL: Bye.

0:27:510:27:55

-..goodbye from Clare.

-ALL: Goodbye!

0:27:550:27:57

..and it's goodbye from me. Goodbye.

0:27:570:27:59

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0:27:590:28:03

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0:28:030:28:07

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