Episode 6 University Challenge


Episode 6

Christ Church Oxford plays the University of Bath for a place in the second round of the student quiz. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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Transcript


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University Challenge.

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Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. It was Kipling who described triumph and disaster as "those two imposters"

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and invited us to "treat them both the same".

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In a little under half an hour, tonight's teams should tell us if that's possible.

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Christ Church, Oxford was founded on the site of a monastery by Cardinal Wolsey in 1524.

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When he fell from power, it became the property of Henry VIII

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who established the former monastery church as Oxford's cathedral.

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Charles I lived there during the English Civil War and after the restoration of the monarchy,

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money was given to allow the former student Christopher Wren

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to build the Tom Tower over the entrance to the quad.

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Other alumni include John Locke, John Wesley and Robert Peel.

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Representing around 400 undergraduates and with an average age of 21,

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let's meet four of the current crop.

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I'm Thomas Hine from Twickenham in Middlesex,

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reading Ancient and Modern History.

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Hi, I'm Will Peveler from Southampton and I'm reading Chemistry.

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-Their captain.

-I'm George Scratcherd from Northumberland.

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I'm reading for a DPhil in History.

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I'm Nimish Telang from Pennsylvania and I'm reading Mathematics.

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APPLAUSE

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The University of Bath traces its origins to 1856 and the Bristol Trade School

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which became the Merchant Venturers' Technical College.

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It's had several incarnations, most of them technical colleges based in Bristol,

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but when it was unable to expand any further, it moved to Bath

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where it received its royal charter in 1966 as one of the "plate glass universities".

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It's a campus university and its functional, glass and concrete buildings provide a pleasing relief

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from all that Georgian stuff in the city.

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Tonight's team have an average age of 20 and represent 14,000 fellow students.

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Let's meet them.

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I'm Steven Pagett from Essex and I'm studying Mathematics.

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I'm Dorian Lidell from Cornwall and I'm also studying Mathematics.

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-Their captain.

-I'm Adam Melling-Smith from North Devon

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and I'm reading French and Politics.

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Hello. I'm Sam Causer from London and I'm studying Physics.

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APPLAUSE

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OK, the rules are as constant as the northern star. Here's your first starter for ten.

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Valued as a source of energy and taking its name from the town where it was first produced in 1869,

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what form of confectionery was eaten on Everest by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing...

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-Kendal Mint Cake.

-Correct.

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The first set of bonuses, Bath, are on English town halls.

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A statue of which Anglo-Saxon noblewoman stands beneath the central gable

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of the Council House of the city of Coventry?

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-Is it not Lady Godiva?

-Yes.

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-Lady Godiva.

-Correct.

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The subject of a biography by the historian Tacitus,

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a statue of which Roman general stands above the doorway of Manchester Town Hall?

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WHISPERING

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-Marcus Aurelius?

-No, it's Agricola. Symbolising the city's traditional industry,

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a statue of which Roman god stands on top of Sheffield Town Hall?

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WHISPERING

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-Vulcan.

-Vulcan is right.

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Another starter question. Distinguishing between biological sexual difference

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and the socially imposed categories of gender,

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which work of feminist philosophy was first published in French in 1949...

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-The Second Sex.

-Correct.

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Your first set of bonuses, Christ Church, are on homonyms -

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words with a shared pronunciation, but different meanings or spellings.

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For each pair, I want you to spell both words in the order of the definitions given.

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Firstly for five points, a strip of cloth wound round the lower leg and formerly worn by soldiers

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and a cement made from chalk and linseed oil used for fixing glass in frames?

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It's "puttee", so P-U-T-T-E-E...

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-Nominate Hine.

-"Puttee", so P-U-T-T-E-E,

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-and then P-U-T-T-Y.

-Correct.

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Secondly, to become wearisome through familiarity

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and a curved bar whose free end engages with a cogwheel to ensure movement in only one direction?

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WHISPERING

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-"Rachit", R-A-C-H-I-T...

-No, it's "pall", P-A-L-L and P-A-W-L.

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And finally, a feeling of anger or resentment resulting from a slight or injury,

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especially to one's pride,

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and the summit of a mountain?

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-"Pique", P-I-Q-U-E and "peak", P-E-A-K.

-Correct. Another starter question.

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In 1999, the US psychologist Stephen M Drigotas argued that close partners influence each other,

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so that each becomes closer to their ideal self, an effect he named after which Renaissance artist,

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who viewed sculpture as the revelation of the figure already hidden within the stone?

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-Michelangelo.

-It was Michelangelo, yes.

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Right, these bonuses are on coastal regions.

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What name derives from that of the indigenous people of North Africa

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and was used by Europeans until the 19th century for the coastal region

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of what is now Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya?

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-Barbary.

-Barbary Coast is correct.

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The Coromandel Coast extends for more than 650 kilometres along the eastern seaboard of which country?

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-Chile?

-Chile?

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-Chile.

-No, it's India.

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The British Gold Coast colony, which absorbed the Danish and Dutch Gold Coasts in the 19th century,

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became which independent West African nation in 1957?

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Ghana?

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-Ghana.

-Correct. Another starter question.

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Paula Power is the heroine of which novel of 1881 by Thomas Hardy?

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It derives its title from a word used in the Book of Revelation

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to describe the uncommitted faith of early Christians in a region of Asia Minor

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and has come to mean one who is indifferent to religion.

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-Agnostic?

-No. Anyone like to buzz from Bath?

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-Atheist?

-No, it's A Laodicean. Ten points for this.

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Developed by an eponymous Swiss psychiatrist and introduced in 1921,

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which projective test is designed to yield information about unconscious mental processes?

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-Rorschach.

-Correct.

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Your bonuses, Christ Church, are on mathematics.

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What adjective is applied to a number which is not the root of any integer polynomial?

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-Transcendental.

-Transcendental.

-Correct.

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In 1882, the German mathematician Ferdinand von Lindemann proved the transcendence of pi

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and proved the impossibility of which geometric construction,

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one of the three geometric problems of antiquity?

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-Squaring the circle.

-Correct. Nine years before Lindemann, the French mathematician Charles Hermite

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proved the transcendence of which ubiquitous mathematical constant?

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-E.

-E is right. We're going to take a picture round.

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For your picture starter, you will see the symbol of a UK governing sports body.

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For ten points, give me the name of the sport it represents.

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-Weightlifting?

-Yes, it is weightlifting.

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APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses are three more symbols of UK sports governing bodies.

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In each case, name the sport each represents. Firstly...?

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WHISPERING

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-Gymnastics.

-No, that's the England Netball Association. Secondly...?

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WHISPERING

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-Handball?

-It is handball, yes. And finally...?

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It's a type of martial arts.

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Which one? Not judo.

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Karate?

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-Karate?

-No, it's taekwondo. You're in the right direction, but not right enough. Ten points for this.

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Named after an American lawyer and Usenet newsgroup user, whose law of analogies...

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-Godwin.

-Godwin, that's right.

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Right, your bonuses this time are on artists.

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Which artist has been described by the critic Robert Hughes as "the greatest living realist painter"?

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His work entitled Benefits Supervisor Sleeping sold for over £17 million in 2008.

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-Lucian Freud.

-Correct. "There are modern heads which people will go on looking at for a long time to come

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"and which perhaps they will mourn over after a hundred years."

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These words of Van Gogh refer to his portrait of which doctor

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who had tried to help him overcome his mental illness?

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-No, I don't think we know.

-That's Paul Gachet. Which artist's double self-portrait of 1939

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was described by her as symbolising the duality of her personality?

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On the right, she is shown in Mexican costume and on the left in a colonial wedding dress.

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-Frida Kahlo.

-Correct. Ten points for this.

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In his 1931 book Lo!, the American paranormal investigator Charles Fort coined what term

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for the hypothetical instantaneous transfer of matter from one point to another

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by psychic or advanced technological...

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-Telekinesis?

-No, you... And it was an interruption, I'm afraid, so you're going to lose five points.

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..advanced technological means?

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-Teleportation?

-Teleportation is correct, yes.

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Your bonuses this time, Christ Church, are on accents and other diacritics.

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Firstly, the national language of which European country uses a through-slash

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to modify the letter L, for example, in the names of its longest river and its President from 1990 to '95?

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-Polish?

-Polish?

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-Poland.

-Poland.

-Poland is correct.

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The double acute accent, for example, over the "o" of "Erno",

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the first name of the inventor of Rubik's cube, is found primarily in which central European language?

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-Hungarian.

-Correct. In 20th century Danish,

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the double "A" diagraph, as in the city name Aalborg,

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was largely superseded by an "A" with what diacritic mark?

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CONFERRING

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-Nominate Telang.

-Diaeresis?

-No, it's a ring or circle.

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Ten points for this. Thought to have been modelled

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by CS Lewis on his gardener Fred Paxton,

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Puddleglum, who appears in the Narnia story The Silver Chair,

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is a member of which race of pessimistic, frog-like humanoids?

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-Fawns?

-No. Anyone like to buzz from Christ Church?

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-Dwarves?

-No, they're marsh-wiggles. Ten points for this.

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Easily mistyped, which two nine-letter anagrams mean respectively:

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"yielding, flexible or submissive"

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and "expression of grievance or dissatisfaction"?

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-"Compliant" and "complaint".

-Correct.

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Bath, your bonuses now are on novels.

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I'll give you the synopsis of a novel which is a recent winner of the Costa Book of the Year award.

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I want the title and the author.

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The winner in 2008 - "Roseanne McNulty, perhaps nearing her 100th birthday, faces an uncertain future

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"as the Roscommon Regional Mental Hospital, where she has spent the best part of her adult life,

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"prepares for closure."

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WHISPERING

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-The Gathering by Anne Enright?

-No, it's The Secret Scripture by Sebastian Barry.

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Secondly, the winner in 2007 - "He found his proper purpose as the tail gunner in a Lancaster bomber.

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"He found the wild, dark fellowship of his crew and he found Joyce, a woman to love."

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-When was this?

-2007.

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Hmm... I'm not sure.

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No idea? We don't know, sorry.

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Day by AL Kennedy. Finally, the winner in 2006 -

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"1867, Canada. As winter tightens its grip on the isolated settlement of Dove River,

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"a man is brutally murdered and a 17-year-old boy disappears."

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CONFERRING

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-No idea.

-Stef Penney's The Tenderness Of Wolves. Another starter question.

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Estimated to affect around 20% of women between 60 and 69,

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which age-related metabolic disease of bone formation results in a much reduced bone mineral density...

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-Osteoporosis.

-Correct.

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Your bonuses are on Caribbean islands.

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Which Caribbean island lies between Grenada and St Lucia and is the site of La Soufriere or The Sulfurer,

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a volcano which last erupted in 1979?

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St Kitts?

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Montserrat?

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-Montserrat.

-No, it's St Vincent.

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Located on the south-west coast of Trinidad,

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Pitch Lake is one of the world's largest natural resources

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of which dark-coloured, bituminous substance?

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-Tar.

-It's asphalt, but that's not precise enough.

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Named after the Royal Navy's base during the 18th century,

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the English Harbour lies on the south coast of which island, the largest of the Leeward Islands?

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-Jamaica?

-No, it's Antigua.

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There's plenty of time to come back, Bath, so don't get in a panic.

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We're halfway through and we'll take a music round. For your starter, you'll hear some classical music.

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Ten points if you can give me the title of the piece.

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LIVELY CLASSICAL PIECE

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-Is that a Brandenburg Concerto?

-It is indeed, No.3, yes.

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The Brandenburg Concerto was presented by JS Bach

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to the military officer Christian Ludwig of Brandenburg-Schwedt in 1721.

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Your bonuses - three more pieces of music that are associated with notable historical figures.

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Firstly, name the person to whom this piece was initially dedicated.

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CLASSICAL PIECE PLAYS

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WHISPERING

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I think it was dedicated to Napoleon, but I'm not sure.

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Any ideas? Napoleon?

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-Napoleon?

-It was indeed, by Beethoven, of course, his Eroica.

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Secondly, this piece was commissioned for which historical figure?

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CLASSICAL PIECE PLAYS

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CONFERRING

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-Europe? America?

-I think it's a Russian.

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-Tsar Nicholas II?

-No, that was for Queen Victoria. It was Elgar's Imperial March.

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And to whom was this piece written as a dedication?

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CLASSICAL PIECE PLAYS

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It's the Radetzky March.

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Radetzky.

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-Radetzky?

-It was Field Marshal Joseph Radetzky.

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Another starter. Which eponymous character completes these lines from a poem first published in 1833?

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"Four gray walls and four gray towers

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"Overlook a space of flowers and the silent isle..."

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-The Lady Of Shalott.

-The Lady Of Shalott, yes.

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Right, your bonuses are on mammalian physiology.

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Firstly for five, the adenohypophysis is part of which gland,

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dominant in the regulation of the endocrine system?

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WHISPERING

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-The pituitary gland.

-Correct.

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Which gonadotrophic hormone, produced by the adenohypophysis,

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stimulates Leydig cells in males to produce testosterone?

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I can't think.

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-We don't know, sorry.

-It's the luteinizing hormone.

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From the Greek for "extremities" and "large",

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which medical condition is caused by excessive release of growth hormone in later life?

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-Elephantiasis.

-No, it's acromegaly.

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Ten points for this. The German name of a legendary Nordic hero

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gave Richard Wagner the title of which opera...

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-Siegfried?

-Correct.

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Your bonuses this time are on place names,

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specifically those that differ only in their final letter of the English spelling of their names,

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for example, Peru and Perm in Russia.

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In each case, give me the names from the description.

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Firstly, a New England state and the capital of the German state of Rheinland-Pfalz?

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-Maine and Mainz.

-Correct. Secondly, a metropolitan borough of Merseyside

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and an island in the South Atlantic with its capital at Jamestown?

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-St Helena and St Helens.

-Correct. Finally, an Italian river

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and the region sometimes known as "the roof of the world"?

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-Tibet and...?

-Tiber. Tibet and Tiber.

-Correct.

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Another starter question. The hypothesis

0:18:560:18:59

that a decision on whether or not to accept a risk depends not just on money but also on utility

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is named after which 18th century Dutch-Swiss mathematician?

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-Euler?

-No. Anyone like to buzz from Bath?

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-Bernoulli.

-Bernoulli is correct, yes.

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OK, Bath, these bonuses are on translations of the Bible.

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Firstly for five points, often abbreviated to LXX,

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what title is given to the earliest surviving Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible

0:19:310:19:37

and refers to the belief that 72 translators produced identical versions in 72 days?

0:19:370:19:42

Can you think of anything?

0:19:420:19:44

I know there's the Codex Sinaiticus, but I don't think that's it.

0:19:440:19:48

-Shall I say that anyway?

-Yeah.

0:19:480:19:51

-Nominate Lidell.

-Codex Sinaiticus?

-No, it's the Septuagint.

0:19:510:19:54

The first printed edition of a complete English Bible published in 1535

0:19:540:19:59

was translated by which reformer after whom it is usually named?

0:19:590:20:04

Wycliffe? I don't know.

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-What do you think?

-Go for it.

-Wycliffe?

-No, it was before him. It was Miles Coverdale.

0:20:060:20:12

The Treacle Bible of 1568 is so called because Jeremiah 8:22 reads,

0:20:120:20:17

"Is there no treacle in Gilead?"

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What word takes the place of "treacle" in the authorised version?

0:20:200:20:25

-Balm?

-"Balm" is right.

0:20:260:20:28

A second picture round now. For your starter,

0:20:280:20:31

you'll see a postage stamp issued by the Royal Mail in 2009.

0:20:310:20:35

For ten points, name the figure depicted on the stamp.

0:20:350:20:38

-Josiah Wedgwood.

-Correct, it is Josiah Wedgwood, the pottery manufacturer.

0:20:410:20:46

He was one of eight figures selected by the Royal Mail

0:20:470:20:51

for their Pioneers Of The Industrial Revolution stamp series.

0:20:510:20:55

For your bonuses, three more stamps in that series. In each case, name the industrialist shown. Firstly?

0:20:550:21:01

WHISPERING

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-Newcomen?

-No, that's Richard Arkwright, the inventor of the cotton spinning frame. Secondly...?

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That's an aqueduct of some sort.

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Who built aqueducts?

0:21:190:21:21

Oh, I know this.

0:21:220:21:25

-Stephenson?

-No, James Brindley, the canal engineer. And finally...?

0:21:250:21:29

-Is that Stephenson?

-Yeah, it's got to be.

0:21:310:21:34

-Stephenson.

-That is George Stephenson. Ten points for this.

0:21:340:21:38

Ernest Hemingway's 1929 novel A Farewell To Arms has been credited

0:21:380:21:42

with introducing into the English language which Italian expression,

0:21:420:21:46

used both as a greeting and a form of goodbye?

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-Ciao.

-"Ciao" is right.

0:21:490:21:51

Your bonuses this time, Christ Church, are on physics.

0:21:510:21:55

In electronics, what single-word term describes a pair of parallel conducting plates

0:21:550:22:01

separated by a thin insulating material?

0:22:010:22:03

-Capacitor.

-Correct. If two capacitors with the capacitance C and 2C are connected in parallel,

0:22:030:22:10

what is their equivalent capacitance?

0:22:100:22:13

-3C.

-Correct. What is the SI unit of capacitance?

0:22:130:22:17

Farad.

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-Nominate Telang.

-Farad.

-Farad is right.

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Ten points for this starter question.

0:22:210:22:24

Particularly noted for his entrances to the Paris metro,

0:22:240:22:28

Hector Guimard is chiefly associated with which architectural style?

0:22:280:22:33

-Art Nouveau.

-Art Nouveau is right, yes.

0:22:340:22:37

These bonuses, Christ Church, are on chaos.

0:22:370:22:40

"Chaos umpire sits, and by decision more embroils the fray

0:22:400:22:44

"By which he reigns, next him high arbiter, chance governs all."

0:22:440:22:48

In which work of 1667 do these words appear?

0:22:480:22:52

-Paradise Lost?

-Yes.

0:22:520:22:54

-Paradise Lost.

-Correct.

0:22:540:22:56

"Excellent wretch! Perdition catch my soul, but I do love thee! When I love thee not, chaos is come again."

0:22:560:23:03

Which of Shakespeare's title characters says those words?

0:23:030:23:06

-Othello.

-It is Othello.

0:23:090:23:11

According to James Thurber, what quality is "emotional chaos remembered in tranquillity"?

0:23:110:23:17

-Love?

-No, it's humour. Ten points for this.

0:23:190:23:22

Born in the county of Cleves in 1380,

0:23:220:23:25

to which monk is attributed the authorship of the devotional work The Imitation Of Christ?

0:23:250:23:31

Erasmus?

0:23:330:23:35

No. Christ Church, somebody like to have a go?

0:23:350:23:39

-Jan Hus?

-No, it's Thomas A Kempis. Ten points for this.

0:23:390:23:43

In the standard model of particle physics,

0:23:430:23:46

what is the only anti-particle whose name does not begin with the prefix "anti"?

0:23:460:23:51

-Positron.

-Correct. Another set of bonuses for you then, Bath. They're on printers' marks.

0:23:510:23:57

What word, meaning a stone pillar with a pointed top, is another name

0:23:570:24:01

for the typographical sign called a "dagger", used for footnotes or other references?

0:24:010:24:06

-Obelus?

-I can't accept that. It's "obelisk".

0:24:060:24:11

The typographical mark called the "pilcrow", resembling a reversed and in-filled capital letter P,

0:24:110:24:17

is a familiar ASCII character on a computer screen indicating what?

0:24:170:24:22

-Paragraph break.

-The end of the paragraph, yes.

0:24:230:24:26

What word or term is abbreviated by the symbol often found in legal documents,

0:24:260:24:32

approximately resembling a double letter S?

0:24:320:24:35

-Section?

-Correct. Three minutes to go. Ten points for this.

0:24:380:24:42

In terms of Latin roots, if "find" and "sleep" give "inventory" and "dormitory", what does "wash" give?

0:24:420:24:49

-Lavatory.

-Lavatory is right, yes.

0:24:500:24:52

I don't know why we smile just at the word! Your bonuses are on human anatomy.

0:24:550:25:00

Give the structure of the human body in which the following are found. First, the fovea centralis?

0:25:000:25:06

-The eye.

-The eye.

-Correct.

0:25:060:25:09

Second, the foramen magnum?

0:25:090:25:11

I don't know. Brain?

0:25:130:25:15

-Brain?

-It's the skull.

0:25:160:25:19

Finally, the fenestra ovalis?

0:25:190:25:21

The oval window, which is...

0:25:210:25:24

-The ear?

-Let's have an answer, please.

-The ear.

-The ear is correct.

0:25:240:25:29

Another starter question. Work this out before you buzz.

0:25:290:25:33

As a measurement of mass, how many kilotonnes are equal to one teragram?

0:25:330:25:38

-A billion?

-Anyone like to buzz from Christ Church?

0:25:450:25:49

-One?

-No, it's a thousand. Right, another starter question.

0:25:500:25:54

Yell, Unst, Fetlar, Bressay and Papa Stour are among islands...

0:25:540:25:59

-The Hebrides.

-No, you lose five points.

0:25:590:26:02

..of which archipelago whose largest town is Lerwick?

0:26:020:26:06

-Shetland.

-Shetland is right, yes.

0:26:070:26:10

Your bonuses this time are on Greek mythology, Christ Church.

0:26:100:26:13

Eurycleia was the nurse of which hero whom she recognised after many years

0:26:130:26:18

by a scar on his leg made by a wild boar?

0:26:180:26:21

-Come on.

-Theseus?

-No, it's Odysseus. Against Odysseus's orders,

0:26:230:26:28

the crewman Eurylochus persuades his fellows to slaughter cattle belonging to which deity?

0:26:280:26:33

Zeus then sends a storm causing all but Odysseus to drown.

0:26:330:26:37

-Poseidon.

-No, it's Hyperion.

0:26:370:26:39

Both killed by Odysseus, Eurymachus and Antinous are the two principal suitors of which figure?

0:26:390:26:47

-Penelope.

-Penelope is right.

0:26:480:26:50

Another starter. What term, meaning "resurgence", is the Italian name for the 19th century movement...

0:26:500:26:56

-Risorgimento.

-Risorgimento is correct. Your bonuses this time, Bath, are on ships.

0:26:560:27:02

The Olympic and The Britannic were sister ships of which ocean liner launched in May 1911?

0:27:020:27:08

-Titanic.

-Yes. The Mayflower was due to sail from England in 1620 with which other ship,

0:27:080:27:13

found en route to be unseaworthy?

0:27:130:27:15

-Speedwell.

-Yes. Which ship was named after a Roman province in Africa

0:27:150:27:19

and was the sister ship of the Lusitania, sunk by a U-boat in 1915?

0:27:190:27:23

-Mauretania.

-Correct. Another starter. What word is common to the English names of the three countries

0:27:230:27:29

whose capitals are Malabo, Conakry...

0:27:290:27:32

-Guinea.

-Correct. Your bonuses are on host cities of the Summer Olympic Games since World War Two.

0:27:320:27:38

Identify the city from its geographical co-ordinates. First for five,

0:27:380:27:42

41 degrees, 23 minutes north, 2 degrees, 11 minutes east?

0:27:420:27:46

-GONG

-And at the gong, Bath University have 105,

0:27:460:27:51

Christ Church, Oxford have 270.

0:27:510:27:54

You were just getting into your stride. You should have started earlier, Bath.

0:27:570:28:02

Thank you very much for joining us.

0:28:020:28:05

Christ Church, terrific performance.

0:28:050:28:07

You're also the best turned out team of students we've had on this programme for a very long time!

0:28:070:28:13

We shall look forward to seeing you again in some other elegant suit

0:28:130:28:17

in the next stage of the competition, in round two.

0:28:170:28:21

-Join us next time for another first round match. Until then, goodbye from Bath University.

-Goodbye.

0:28:210:28:26

-Goodbye from Christ Church, Oxford.

-Goodbye.

-And it's goodbye from me.

0:28:260:28:31

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0:28:500:28:54

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0:28:540:28:57

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