Episode 5 University Challenge


Episode 5

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University Challenge!

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Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. Tonight sees another first-round match

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with one of Cambridge's newest colleges playing one of Oxford's oldest.

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The winners go through to the second round. The losers could play again if they score well enough.

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Homerton College, Cambridge only got full college status last year,

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but it dates back to a dissenters' society established in London in 1730 which was based

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at Homerton in Hackney, hence its name.

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Formerly single-sex, it started admitting men in the 1970s

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and in 2001 broadened its intake to include students taking courses other than Education Studies,

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as their captain puts it, "shaking off its reputation as the cradle of the nation's geography teachers."

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Alumni include Sandi Toksvig, Jan Ravens, Cherie Lunghi and Nick Hancock.

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Tonight's four play on behalf of 1,200 students. Let's meet them.

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Hi, my name's Jack Euesden, I'm from Sheffield

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and I'm reading Natural Sciences.

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Hi, I'm Frances Conner, I'm from Downpatrick in County Down

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and I'm studying for a PGCE in Modern Languages.

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-Their captain.

-Hello, I'm David Murray from Ripon in North Yorkshire

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and I'm reading for the MPhil in European Literature and Culture.

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I'm Thomas Grinyer from Southampton and I read Chemical Engineering.

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APPLAUSE

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Now, Balliol College, Oxford was established in 1263 by John Balliol, a loyal supporter of Henry III.

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It's had something of a turbulent past, resisting Henry VIII in his struggle against Rome

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and being forced to sell its silver during the Civil War to support the Royalists,

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but it flourished in the 19th century under Benjamin Jowett.

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A Balliol rhyme has him saying, "All there is to know, I know it,

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"I am the Master of this college, what I don't know isn't knowledge."

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Balliol has the only college bar still entirely run by students

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and their captain often pulls pints there.

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All four have passed the Breathalyser tonight. Let's meet them.

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Hi, I'm Liam Shaw, I'm from Shropshire and I study Physics.

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Hi, I'm Andrew Whitby, I'm from Brisbane, Australia,

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and I'm working towards a DPhil in Economics.

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-Their captain.

-I'm Simon Wood from Aldershot. I'm studying Chemistry.

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I'm James Kirby from Warwickshire, reading for a Masters in History.

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APPLAUSE

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You all know the rules. I'll remind you that starter questions are worth ten points, they're solo efforts.

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Bonuses are team efforts worth 15 points

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and incorrect interruptions to starters incur a five-point penalty.

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Here's your first starter for ten.

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What short adjective links the salt flats in New Mexico where the first nuclear weapon was detonated,

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an inlet of the Barents Sea off northern Russia

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and the main branch of the River Nile which joins the Blue...

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-White.

-Correct.

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You get the first set of bonuses, Balliol. They're on secrets.

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Firstly for five points, The Secret Pilgrim, John Le Carre's novel of 1990,

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sees the final appearance in print of which character, introduced in Call For The Dead in 1961?

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-Smiley.

-George Smiley.

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Correct. The Secret Notebooks of which writer who died in 1976 were published in 2009

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with two posthumously discovered stories, The Capture Of Cerberus and The Incident Of The Dog's Ball,

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featuring perhaps her best-known character?

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WHISPERING

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-Anyone? Any famous authors from that period? Enid Blyton?

-Iris Murdoch maybe?

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-Iris Murdoch.

-No, Agatha Christie.

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The Secret Garden, first published in 1910, is a novel for children

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by which Manchester-born author and playwright?

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-Burnett. Frances...

-I'll accept. Do you happen to know her full name?

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-Frances Hodgson.

-Yes, well done.

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Ten points for this starter.

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"In barrenness...I hold a high place among English poets, excelling even Gray."

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These are the words of which poet, referring to the 26-year gap

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between his Last Poems of 1922 and his first collection, A Shropshire Lad?

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-Housman.

-AE Housman is correct, yes.

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So your first bonuses, Homerton, are on a European city.

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The Red Cross was founded in the 1860s in which European city, later the HQ of the League of Nations?

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-Geneva.

-Correct. Which philosopher and political theorist was born in Geneva in 1712

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and wrote major works there, including Discourses On The Origin Of Inequality in 1755?

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-Rousseau.

-Correct. Based near Geneva, the Organisation Europeenne Pour La Recherche Nucleaire

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is commonly known by what acronym, formed from its earlier full name?

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-CERN.

-CERN is right. Another starter question.

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"He had the mental abilities of a great king, but the inclinations of a petty tyrant."

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These words refer to which King of England whose epithets included Softsword and Lackland?

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-John.

-Correct. Here are your bonuses. They're on 20th century history, Homerton.

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The Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916 between Britain and France dealt with the partition

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of which Empire after the end of the First World War?

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-The Ottoman.

-Correct. The Hoare-Laval Pact of 1935,

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later repudiated by Britain because of the outcry it created,

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effectively legitimised which act of aggression?

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Abyssinia. The Italian invasion of Abyssinia.

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-The Italian invasion of Abyssinia.

-Correct.

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Which two foreign ministers give their names to the pact of 1939

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that agreed among other things to the partitioning of Poland?

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WHISPERING

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-Ribbentrop and Molotov.

-Correct.

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Another starter question now.

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What can be defined as an exothermic reaction front in a gaseous medium,

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often but not necessarily emitting light?

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In internet-based communication, the same word indicates a hostile or insulting interaction.

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-Flaming.

-Flame is correct, yes.

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Your bonuses this time are on the platinum group metals, Balliol.

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Platinum is often found alloyed with its five close relatives,

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the so-called platinum group metals. Name three of them.

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Palladium, rhodium...

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-Palladium, rhodium... What's underneath?

-I don't know.

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-They want three?

-Yeah.

-Palladium, rhodium...

-I think you either know this or you don't.

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Palladium, rhodium and, uh...ruthenium.

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Very good, very good. The other ones are iridium and osmium.

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For five points, which object made of pure platinum was presented to the French National Assembly in 1799

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as a result of the world's first International Scientific Conference held in Paris a few months earlier?

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WHISPERING

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-Nominate Whitby.

-The kilogram?

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No, it wasn't. It was the standard metre.

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Finally for five points, although it is chemically inactive and unaffected by common acids,

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platinum can be dissolved in a mixture known by what two-word Latin name to produce chloroplatinic acid?

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Royal acids? Is that not called royal acids?

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- So, "regis"... What's the Latin? - Aqua regis.

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-Aqua regis.

-Aqua regis, aqua regia is correct. A picture round now, the first one of tonight's match.

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It's a flag. I want you to tell me which organisation the flag represented.

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The Thirteen Colonies.

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No. One of you may buzz from Oxford if you know.

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-Canada?

-No, it's the flag of the East India Company,

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so picture bonuses in a moment or two and another starter question in the meantime. Listen carefully.

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When typed on a keyboard, what is the second character of the names

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of Emile Zola's open letter of 1898,

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the capital of Chad,

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Chicago's largest airport

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and the main character...

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-Apostrophe.

-Apostrophe is right, yes.

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The bonuses are on more colonial flags.

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The East India Company was responsible for the colonisation of much of India.

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Your bonuses are three flags of British colonies or territories.

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In each case, give me the name of the colony or territory represented by the flag. Here's the first.

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South Africa?

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What was it called?

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-Cape Colony?

-Shall we go with that?

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-Cape Colony?

-No, that's South Africa. Secondly...?

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-That's got to be in India somewhere, hasn't it?

-Ceylon?

-Yeah, Ceylon.

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-Ceylon?

-That is Ceylon, yes. And finally...

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-What is that? A tiger?

-Try Burma.

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-Burma.

-No, that's British Malaya. Ten points for this. Answer as soon as you buzz.

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Give three rhyming words that mean respectively: a fortified wine whose varieties include fino and oloroso,

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an adjective placed before the word Christmas in greetings

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and the second largest city of Northern Ireland.

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-Sherry, merry and Derry.

-Correct, yes.

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Your bonuses this time are on the Welsh alphabet, Homerton.

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The Welsh alphabet contains eight digraphs or pairs of letters

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representing a single sound which do not appear in the English alphabet.

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Three consist of a double letter with double-L the most familiar. What are the other two?

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There's double-D. I'm guessing... Would it be double-F?

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-F?

-Double-D and double-F? I'll try double-D.

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-Double-D.

-And?

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-Double-F.

-Correct. In terms of dictionary entries,

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which digraph comes between C and D in the Welsh alphabet?

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CH?

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- CW? - Or is it CH?

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CW or CH?

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CW seems more Welsh.

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-CW.

-No, it's CH.

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The Welsh alphabet regards seven letters as vowels -

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the A, E, I, O and U which also occur in the English alphabet and which two additional letters?

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-W and Y.

-Correct. Another starter question now.

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"Simply one of the most objectionable books that we ever read in any language whatsoever"

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and "the most indecent novel ever written" were two verdicts on which novel of the 1890s?

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A third suggested that one word of the title be changed to "obscene".

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-Jude The Obscure.

-Yes.

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You take the lead if you get these bonuses on secret police forces.

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In 1950, Wilhelm Zaisser was appointed the first Minister for State Security and the first head

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of the GDR's internal security force, known by what abbreviation?

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The Stasi.

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-The Stasi.

-Correct. Replaced by the Central Nacional de Informaciones in 1977,

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DINA was the secret police of which South American country?

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-- Argentina or Chile? - I'd go for Chile because of Pinochet...

-Yeah, OK.

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-Chile.

-Correct. Replaced by the OGPU in 1922,

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which organisation was established in 1917 under the Soviet regime

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to investigate counter-revolutionary activities?

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It might be the Okhrana.

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You have a better idea.

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-Try Okhrana.

-Nominate Kirby.

-Okhrana?

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No, the Cheka. Another starter question. Described as essential

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by US sociologist Talcott Parsons because they allow individuals to predict what others will do,

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what term denotes the culturally established and socially enforced expectations of...

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-Norms.

-Norms or normative behaviour is right, yes.

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This time, Balliol, your bonuses are about the comparative areas of foreign countries,

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helpfully provided for American readers of the CIA World Factbook.

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For example, Iraq is said to be slightly more than twice the size of Idaho

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and Mauritius is 11 times the size of Washington DC. Let's see if you can work out some other countries.

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Which member of the European Union is said to be slightly smaller than Rhode Island?

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Luxembourg?

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Is it a member of the EU?

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Rhode Island's not that small.

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-It could be Belgium, but Luxembourg...

-I think Luxembourg's probably right.

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-Luxembourg.

-Correct. Kazakhstan is said to be slightly less than four times the size of which state

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in the south of the US?

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-Texas?

-Yeah.

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-Texas.

-Correct.

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Georgia in the Caucasus is said to be slightly smaller than which state to the east of Georgia in the US?

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-Is that South Carolina or Virginia?

-I think Tennessee.

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I think Tennessee's to the left...

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-I think it's South Carolina.

-You're right.

-South Carolina?

-Correct.

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A music round now. For your starter, you'll hear music from a TV series.

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Ten points if you can name the actor for whose performance this piece was composed.

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TV THEME MUSIC

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-Matt Smith.

-It is.

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Unique to the 11th Doctor Who. For your bonuses, you'll hear three more themes composed by Murray Gold

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for the BBC's revamped Doctor Who series.

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Firstly, name the character for whom this piece was composed as a motif.

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THEME MUSIC PLAYS

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Amy Pond maybe?

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-Amy Pond?

-No, that's Donna, Catherine Tate, the companion in Series Four.

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Secondly, the character for whom this is a motif?

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THEME MUSIC PLAYS

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-I'd go for...Rose Tyler?

-Rose Tyler?

-Yeah.

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Is it Rose Tyler?

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-No, that's the Master.

-Is it?

-Yes.

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And finally, the specific event this piece of music signifies?

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DRAMATIC MUSIC

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-Regeneration?

-Regeneration?

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Possibly. Yeah, I think that's right.

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-The Doctor's regeneration.

-I'll accept that. Do you know which one?

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I'm giving you the points anyway. You just had to say "regeneration". It was the 10th Doctor.

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Another starter question now.

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Four Strong Winds by Ian and Sylvia, Heart Of Gold by Neil Young,

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Both Sides Now by Joni Mitchell and Suzanne by Leonard Cohen

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are among songs that appear in a list of the top ten essential tracks of which country?

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-Canada.

-Yes.

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Right, your bonuses are on a religious movement, Balliol.

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From a Dutch word meaning "mumbler", what term was used from the 14th century for those radical Christians

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who held opinions similar to the reformer John Wycliffe?

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-Lollard.

-Sorry?

-Lollard.

-Nominate Kirby.

-Lollard.

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Correct. A reaction to the Lollards,

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Henry IV's statute De Heretico Comburendo legitimised what penalty for heresy to be carried out

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by the secular authority?

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-Burning them.

-At the stake, yes.

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Sir John Oldcastle, who led a Lollard rebellion in 1414, is said to be the model for which character

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in Shakespeare's Henry IV Part 1 and Part 2 and Henry V?

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-Falstaff.

-Correct.

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Another starter question.

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The names of a county in eastern England and of a city in the Ruhr area of Germany

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differ only in their final letter.

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For ten points, give both names.

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-Essex and Essen.

-Correct, yes.

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Your bonuses this time, Homerton, are on animals.

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Platyrrhine or flat-nosed from the New World

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and catarrhine or downward-nosed from the Old World are the two sub-groups of which animals?

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-Primates.

-Primates?

-Yeah.

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-Primates.

-No, they're monkeys.

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Which large Old World monkey is a type of baboon and is distinguished

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by its scarlet face with bright, blue-ridged cheeks, especially in the males?

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-Mandrill.

-Correct. The rhesus is a species of which monkey found only in Asia,

0:17:550:18:01

except for one species, the so-called Barbary ape from Africa?

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WHISPERING

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-Macaque.

-Correct. Another starter. Noted for her contributions to the field of abstract algebra,

0:18:100:18:16

which German mathematician gave her name to a theorem that states

0:18:160:18:20

that each symmetry of a system leads to a physically conserved...

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-Emmy Noether.

-Emmy Noether is right, yes.

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These bonuses, Balliol, are on two-dimensional shapes.

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In each case, I want the size of their symmetry group -

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the number of rotations and reflections they possess in total,

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including the identity symmetry in which the shape is left unmoved.

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Firstly, the letter Z?

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WHISPERING

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Two?

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-Is that right?

-Yeah, I think so.

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-Two?

-Two, yes, that's right - the identity and one rotation.

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Secondly, an equilateral triangle?

0:19:020:19:05

-It's going to have one, two, three reflections.

-Three rotations.

-Six plus the identity, so that's seven.

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Is one of the rotations just itself?

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-So it's six?

-Yeah.

0:19:160:19:18

-Six.

-Correct. And finally, a regular octagon?

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It's going to have eight, seven... So it's going to be 16?

0:19:230:19:27

-Yeah.

-Yeah? That's right, isn't it?

0:19:270:19:30

-16.

-16 is correct, yes.

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Ten points for this starter.

0:19:330:19:36

Which member of the United Nations is the only one

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whose English name contains three successive consonants together and in alphabetical order

0:19:390:19:45

and is also the first country on an alphabetical list of members?

0:19:450:19:49

-Afghanistan.

-Afghanistan is correct, yes.

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Your bonuses are on the deaths of Roman Emperors, according to Suetonius in Lives Of The Caesars.

0:19:580:20:05

The death of which Emperor in AD 68 provoked, according to Suetonius,

0:20:050:20:09

"such great public joy that the common people ran through the city dressed in liberty caps"?

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Nero...?

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-Nero.

-Correct. Secondly, dying at the age of 63 in AD 54,

0:20:170:20:21

which Emperor, according to Suetonius, "towards the end of his life gave unambiguous indications

0:20:210:20:27

"that he regretted both his marriage to Agrippina and his adoption of Nero"?

0:20:270:20:32

-Claudius.

-Correct.

0:20:320:20:35

On the day before he died in AD 41 aged 28, which Emperor dreamt

0:20:350:20:39

"that he was standing in the heavens next to Jupiter's throne and that Jupiter pushed him with his big toe,

0:20:390:20:45

"so that he fell headlong to Earth"?

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WHISPERING

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Anyone got any ideas?

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-No.

-I think we need an answer, please.

0:20:560:20:59

-Augustus.

-No, it was Caligula. A second picture round now.

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For your starter, you will see a painting. Ten points if you can give me the name of the artist.

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-Renoir.

-It is Renoir, yes.

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His painting of Venice. Your picture bonuses are three more depictions of Venice.

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Five points for each artist you can name. Firstly...?

0:21:240:21:27

WHISPERING

0:21:280:21:30

-Caravaggio?

-No, that's Canaletto.

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Secondly...?

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-Turner?

-Yeah, I was thinking Turner.

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-Turner.

-That is JMW Turner. Finally...?

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WHISPERING

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-Monet?

-Try it.

-Monet.

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Monet is right. Ten points for this.

0:22:020:22:04

What female given name links a genus of shrub noted for its flowers,

0:22:040:22:09

a nymph who turned herself into a laurel bush when pursued by Apollo

0:22:090:22:13

and the author of The Birds...

0:22:130:22:16

-Daphne.

-Daphne is correct, yes.

0:22:160:22:18

Your bonuses, Homerton, are on a surname.

0:22:210:22:25

The composer and playwright Jonathan Larson won a posthumous Pulitzer Prize for which Broadway musical?

0:22:250:22:31

He died on the morning of its off-Broadway preview.

0:22:310:22:35

WHISPERING

0:22:350:22:38

-Oklahoma!

-No, it's Rent.

0:22:460:22:49

Established by the explorer Carl Larsen in 1904, Grytviken was the first land-based whaling station

0:22:490:22:55

and permanent habitation on which British administered island in the South Atlantic?

0:22:550:23:02

-South Georgia.

-Correct. The American cartoonist Gary Larson created

0:23:020:23:06

which much-syndicated single-panel cartoon series, published from 1980 until his retirement in 1995?

0:23:060:23:12

The Far Side.

0:23:120:23:14

-The Far Side.

-The Far Side is right. There's four minutes to go and ten points at stake for this.

0:23:140:23:20

What is the family name of the Earls of Orrery,

0:23:200:23:23

the fourth of whom gave his title to a mechanical model of the movement of the solar system

0:23:230:23:28

and whose great-nephew gave his name to a law of physics?

0:23:280:23:32

-Cavendish.

-No. Anyone like to have a go from Balliol?

0:23:320:23:36

-Hamilton?

-No, it's Boyle. Ten points for this.

0:23:360:23:39

In the hierarchy of biological classification, which taxonomic rank comes between phylum and order?

0:23:390:23:46

Examples include...

0:23:460:23:48

-Class.

-Class is right, yes.

0:23:480:23:50

Your bonuses now are on abbreviations.

0:23:500:23:53

What two-letter abbreviation can signify both an imperial weight and, in cricket,

0:23:530:23:58

a run made after the ball has touched any part of the batsman, except his hands or the bat?

0:23:580:24:03

-LB.

-Correct. For what two-word phrase does the abbreviation LBO stand

0:24:030:24:08

when it refers to the purchase of a company that's financed by borrowed capital?

0:24:080:24:13

-Leveraged buyout.

-Leveraged buyout.

-Correct.

0:24:140:24:18

LBA is the code for which UK international airport?

0:24:180:24:22

It began operations as Yeadon Aerodrome in 1931.

0:24:220:24:25

-Leeds Bradford.

-Leeds Bradford International is correct. Ten points for this.

0:24:250:24:30

Concerning the doomed relationship

0:24:300:24:32

between Elizabeth I and the Earl of Essex, which Benjamin Britten opera was commissioned to celebrate...

0:24:320:24:38

-Gloriana.

-Gloriana is correct.

0:24:380:24:42

Your bonuses are on US state capitals. Identify the cities that share their names with the following

0:24:430:24:50

and give the states of which they're the capitals. Firstly, a British military commander of World War Two,

0:24:500:24:56

a town in the Welsh Marches and the author of Anne Of Green Gables.

0:24:560:25:00

-Montgomery.

-What state?

0:25:000:25:02

Alabama?

0:25:040:25:06

-Montgomery, Alabama.

-Correct. Secondly, the author of the song Leaving On A Jet Plane

0:25:060:25:12

and the dukedom held by Lord Peter Wimsey's brother?

0:25:120:25:16

I don't know.

0:25:160:25:17

-We don't know.

-Denver, Colorado.

0:25:210:25:23

Finally, a nude by Manet, a sports venue in Ancient Greece and an exhibition centre in London?

0:25:230:25:30

-Olympia, Washington.

-Olympia, Washington is right. Two minutes to go. Ten points for this.

0:25:300:25:36

MacLeod's Tables, Blaven, The Storr and The Quiraing

0:25:360:25:40

are among the notable hills on which Scottish island?

0:25:400:25:44

-Skye.

-Skye is correct, yes.

0:25:470:25:49

Your bonuses are on the figurative use of the names of metals.

0:25:510:25:54

Which metal links the Age of Zeus in Greek myth,

0:25:540:25:58

the fir tree Abies alba and the formal method of serving food?

0:25:580:26:04

-Silver.

-Yes. Terms meaning "impudent", "musically strident" and the No.2 wood golf club

0:26:040:26:09

all derive from the name of which alloy?

0:26:090:26:12

-Iron.

-No, it's brass. A snake similar to a rattler,

0:26:120:26:16

the tree Fagus sylvatica purpurea and a fine handwriting all derive their common names from which metal?

0:26:160:26:22

-Copper.

-Correct. Level pegging, ten points for this.

0:26:220:26:26

Although both men and women wore the toga in Ancient Rome until after the 2nd century BC,

0:26:260:26:32

what name was given to the later, loose outer garment worn by women to indicate their marital status?

0:26:320:26:38

-Stola.

-Stola is right.

0:26:380:26:40

You take the lead. Your bonuses are on a position.

0:26:400:26:43

What position is offered to the homeless Davies by Aston and Mick

0:26:430:26:47

in the three-character play of 1960 by Harold Pinter,

0:26:470:26:51

the position also being the play's title?

0:26:510:26:54

-Come on, let's have it.

-The Dumb Waiter.

-No, it's The Caretaker.

0:26:560:27:00

In November 1834, while Sir Robert Peel was in Italy,

0:27:000:27:03

which former PM led a caretaker government with himself as Home, Foreign and Colonial Secretary?

0:27:030:27:09

-Wellington.

-Correct. Joe Mercer, Howard Wilkinson and Peter Taylor all held what post as caretakers?

0:27:090:27:15

-Come on!

-Pass.

-It was the England football manger.

0:27:160:27:20

Ten points for this. In Dante's Divine Comedy,

0:27:200:27:23

which mythological creature does he describe

0:27:230:27:26

as "the infamy of Crete, detested brood of the feign'd heifer"?

0:27:260:27:30

-Minotaur.

-The Minotaur is correct. Here are your bonuses on British islands and their wildlife.

0:27:300:27:37

-GONG

-And at the gong, Homerton have 200, Balliol have 205.

0:27:370:27:41

You very nearly did it, Homerton, but you couldn't lose by a narrower margin.

0:27:480:27:53

I'll have a quiet bet that you'll be back as a high-scoring losing team. Thank you very much for joining us.

0:27:530:27:59

Well, you like to live dangerously, but we'll definitely see you in the next stage, Balliol.

0:27:590:28:05

-I hope you can join us next time, but until then, it's goodbye from Homerton College.

-Goodbye.

0:28:050:28:10

-It's goodbye from Balliol College.

-Goodbye.

-And it's goodbye from me.

0:28:100:28:14

Subtitles by Subtext for Red Bee Media Ltd 2011

0:28:350:28:39

Email [email protected]

0:28:390:28:42

The students from Homerton College, Cambridge, do battle with the team representing Balliol college, Oxford, for a place in the next stage of the competition.

Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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