Episode 8 University Challenge


Episode 8

The team representing St Andrews University is up against Merton College, Oxford. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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Transcript


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APPLAUSE

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Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. 30 minutes of furrowed brows and feverish whispering

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lie ahead of us as two more teams of students compete

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for a place in the second round.

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Now, the University of St Andrews

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is a small, cold institution off the coast of Norway.

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Founded in 1413, it's Scotland's oldest university,

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and the third most venerable in the UK.

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Local MP Sir Menzies Campbell was appointed chancellor in 2006.

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Alumni include John Knox, Edward Jenner and Alex Salmond,

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and more recently the university nurtured the romance

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between the happy couple whose nuptials meant

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some of us got a day off earlier this year.

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Tonight's team have an average age of 22,

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and are playing on behalf of a student body of around 7,000.

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Let's meet them.

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Hello. My name is Thomas Volker. I'm from Aberdeen,

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and I'm studying ancient history and archaeology.

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Hello. I'm Thomas Lazarides. I'm originally from Somerset,

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-and I'm studying chemistry.

-And their captain...

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Hello. My name's Doug Kennedy. I'm from Southampton.

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I'm studying modern history and philosophy.

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Hello. My name's Dustin Frazier. I'm from West Virginia,

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and I'm doing a PhD in English and history of art.

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APPLAUSE

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The captain from Merton College, Oxford,

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said they wanted to take part this year

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because "given the current government's position

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on higher education, university teaching may have come to an end

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before there's another series, and we don't want to miss the bus."

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Merton College, who last won this competition back in 1980,

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was founded in 1264 by the chancellor of England,

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Walter de Merton, and it's a relatively small college

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with around 300 undergraduates.

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In the past, its fellows have included Sir Thomas Bodley,

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who founded the Bodleian Library, and its students have included

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the poet TS Eliot and Sir Andrew Wiles,

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who proved Fermat's last theorem.

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Tonight's team have an average age of 21. Let's meet them.

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Hello. I'm Bill Hellier. I'm from Reading,

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and I'm reading chemistry.

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Hello. I'm Dennis Dillon from New Jersey,

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-and I'm reading PPE.

-And their captain...

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I'm Tim Smith-Laing from Maidstone in Kent. I'm doing a DPhil

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-in English Literature.

-Hi. I'm Cosmo Grant from Glasgow,

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-reading maths and philosophy.

-APPLAUSE

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OK. The rules are the same as ever.

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Starter question, solo efforts ten points,

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bonuses, team efforts, 15 points,

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five-point fines for incorrect interruptions.

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Fingers on the buzzer. Here's the first starter for ten.

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Which Mediterranean fruit links a silicate mineral

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that produces the gemstone peridot,

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a rocky outcrop overlooking the Old City of Jerusalem,

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a colour associated with the US Army in World War II,

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and the flags of the Republic of Cyprus and the United Nations?

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-Olive.

-Olive is correct, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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You get the first bonuses. They're on founder members.

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Firstly, for five - attended by Christopher Wren,

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Robert Boyle and William Petty, the inaugural meeting

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of which institution took place on November 28th 1660

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at Gresham College in London?

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-The Royal Society.

-Correct.

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Inaugurated in December 1768, which institution was founded

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by George III, and included Francesco Zuccarelli,

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Angelica Kauffman and Joseph Wilton among its initial members?

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-Royal Academy?

-Royal Academy?

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-Royal Academy of the Arts?

-Correct.

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And finally for five, inspired by the Raleigh Travellers' Club,

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the founders of which society formed in 1830

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included the botanist Robert Brown, the Admiralty secretary John Barrow

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-and the politician John Hobhouse?

-THEY WHISPER

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-Royal Geographical Society.

-Correct.

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Another starter question now. In 2009,

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the Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez made an appeal

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for the native name of Kerepakupai-Meru

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to become the official designation of which waterfall

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currently named after...

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-Angel Falls?

-Angel Falls is right, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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Your first bonuses, St Andrews, are on the British royal family.

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Firstly, for five points, the monarch who had a strong friendship

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with a manservant known to the royal household as the Queen's Stallion

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was herself given what nickname indicative of the closeness between them?

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-Mrs Brown.

-Correct. The names Mrs Morley and Mrs Freeman

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were used in the private correspondence between Queen Anne

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-and which of her favourites?

-THEY WHISPER

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THEY WHISPER The Earl of Oxford?

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No. It was the Duchess of Marlborough, Sarah Churchill.

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Mr King and Mrs King are affectionate names

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by which the monarch and his consort address each other

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in which play by Alan Bennett?

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THEY WHISPER

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-The Madness Of King George?

-Yes, it is.

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The Madness Of George III.

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Ten points for this.

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"To encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks

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powered by ideas, ideals and by idealism,

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and not powered by financial or political power" -

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-Project Gutenberg.

-It is Project Gutenberg, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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Your second bonuses are on a colour, Merton College.

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The pigment xanthophyll, the hydrocarbon fulvene

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and the songbird Icterine warbler are all so named

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because they are to a greater of lesser extent which colour?

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THEY WHISPER

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-Red.

-No, it's yellow.

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Which bright-yellow pigment obtained from a gum resin

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is so named because the resin came from Cambodia?

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THEY WHISPER

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-Sorry. Pass.

-It's gamboge. And finally, the American custom

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of tying a yellow ribbon around a tree,

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seen a symbol of support for those serving overseas,

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gained a renewed popularity during which event of the late 1970s?

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THEY WHISPER

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-The bombing of Beirut?

-No. It was the US Embassy hostage crisis.

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Ten points for this.

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"A beauty like that of sculpture, without appeal to any part of our weaker nature, without" -

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-Mathematics.

-It is, yes!

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-Bertrand Russell on mathematics.

-APPLAUSE

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Third set of bonuses for you, then, Merton, on literary quotations.

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Which of Shakespeare's characters says that he would as soon make his secret intentions known to the world

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as he would "wear my heart upon my sleeve for daws to peck at -

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-I am not what I am"?

-THEY WHISPER

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-Hamlet.

-No, it's Iago.

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In the 1862 poem A Birthday, who wrote

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"My heart is like a singing bird Whose nest is in a water'd shoot,

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My heart is like an apple-tree Whose boughs are bent with thick-set fruit"?

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THEY WHISPER

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-Er, Browning?

-No, it's Christina Rossetti.

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In the 1855 poem De Gustibus, Robert Browning claimed,

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"Open my heart and you will see, Graved inside of it"

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the name of which country where he and Elizabeth Barrett Browning lived from 1846?

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-Italy.

-Italy is correct. We're going to take our first picture round now.

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This is the logo of a political party.

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Ten points for the name of the party and its country of origin.

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-Er...

-You buzzed. You must answer. Sorry.

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The Republican Party in the United States.

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I'll accept it this time, but next time you must answer straight away.

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You get a set of bonuses, then. They are also party logos

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from other countries. In each case I want the name of the party

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and the country. Firstly...

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-United Russia, from Russia.

-United Russia, from Russia.

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That's correct. Secondly...

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THEY WHISPER

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-It's definitely Hebrew.

-But what party?

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THEY WHISPER

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It's Israel, but we don't know the party.

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It is Israel. It's Kadima, apparently.

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And finally, this party's full name.

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THEY WHISPER

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The Party of the Rising Sun, Japan?

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No. It's the Liberal Democratic Party in Japan.

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Another starter question.

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What, according to Philip Larkin, is "first boredom, then fear"?

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To Oscar Wilde, it's an imitator of art,

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and to Tom Stoppard...

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-Life.

-Life is correct, yes!

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APPLAUSE

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These bonuses could give you the lead. They're on mathematics.

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Name each of the following well known conjectures,

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only the second of which has been resolved.

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Firstly, there are infinitely many prime numbers

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p such that p+2 is also prime.

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-Goldbach's conjecture.

-No, it's the twin prime conjecture.

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Secondly, for five points, does there exist an algorithm

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to determine whether an arbitrary polynomial Diophantine equation with integer coefficients

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-has an integer solution?

-THEY WHISPER

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-We don't know.

-That's Hilbert's tenth problem.

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And finally, every even number greater than two

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is a sum of two primes.

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-That's...

-Goldbach's conjecture?

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That IS Goldbach's conjecture, yes. Ten for this.

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To what manmade structure was Thomas Hardy referring

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in the lines "Dim moon-eyed fishes near gaze at"...

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-Stonehenge?

-No. You lose five points.

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"Dim moon-eyed fishes near

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Gaze at the gilded gear

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And query: 'What does this vaingloriousness down here?'",

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in a poem on an event of 1912.

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One of you buzz. I'll tell you. It's the Titanic.

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Ten points for this. In 2010, Todd Reichert, a PhD student

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at the University of Toronto set a record

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for the longest sustained flight in a human-powered device

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with flapping wings. By what Greek-derived name are such...

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-Ornithopter?

-Ornithopter is right, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses this time, Merton, are on an actor.

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Trouble In Store, The Square Peg and The Bulldog Breed

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were among the films of which comedian and actor

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who died aged 90 in 2010?

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THEY WHISPER

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Er, Bill...Cosby?

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-Bill Cosby?

-No. It was Norman Wisdom.

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Possibly as a result of information inserted in Wikipedia,

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several newspapers erroneously stated

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that Norman Wisdom wrote the lyrics of which 1941 song

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-made famous by Vera Lynn?

-Um...

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THEY WHISPER

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-We'll Meet Again.

-No, it's There'll Be Bluebirds Over The White Cliffs Of Dover.

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Quite a good joke, really.

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Norman Wisdom was one of the few Western actors

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whose films were permitted in which country during the dictatorship of Enver Hoxha?

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-Albania.

-Albania.

-Albania is right.

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Ten points for this.

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Discourses On The Origins Of Inequality

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and Reveries Of A Solitary Walker are among works

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by which philosopher and social critic born in Geneva...

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-Rousseau.

-Rousseau is correct, yes.

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-APPLAUSE

-Your bonuses this time

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are on philosophy, Merton. What term derives

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from the Greek meaning "enquiry" or "doubt"

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and denotes the view propounded by Greek philosopher Pyrrho

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that "real knowledge of any kind is unattainable"?

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-Scepticism.

-Correct. Literally meaning "only the self",

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what theory, similar to egoism, asserts that the self

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is the only object of real knowledge or the only thing really existent?

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-Solipsism.

-Solipsism is correct.

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What name taken from the Greek for "knowledge" is usually given

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to an early Christian heresy refuted by Irenaeus?

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-Gnostic heresy.

-Gnosticism is correct.

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Ten points for this.

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What word links the English language from the late 11th

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to the 15th century, races such as the 1,800 and 1,500 metres...

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-Middle.

-Middle is right, yes.

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Your bonuses this time are on shipping-forecast areas, Merton.

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Until 2002, the shipping-forecast area

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off the north-western tip of Spain was known as Finisterre.

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-By what name is it now known?

-THEY WHISPER

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Biscay?

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No, it's FitzRoy. As broadcast on the shipping forecast,

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which sea area lies between those of Plymouth and Wight?

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THEY WHISPER

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-Cowes?

-No, it's Portland.

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And finally, covering the Bristol Channel and the eastern Celtic Sea,

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the name of which shipping-forecast area is believed to be derived

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from a Norse word meaning "puffin"?

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THEY WHISPER

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-Fisher?

-No, it's Lundy.

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We're going to take a music round now.

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For your starter, you will hear an excerpt from a well-known piece of classical music.

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All you have to do is give me the title and the composer.

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SLOW-PACED TROMBONE MELODY

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Er, Morning Mood by Grieg.

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No. You can hear a little more, St Andrews.

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MELODY CONTINUES

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Let's have a buzz.

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The Rite Of Spring, Stravinsky.

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No. It's part of the New World Symphony by Dvorak.

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So music bonuses shortly. Another starter in the meantime.

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In May 2010, Nick Clegg became deputy prime minister

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of the coalition government. Before him,

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who was the last deputy prime minister

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of a coalition government, appointed to the office in 1942?

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Ramsay MacDonald?

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No. St Andrews?

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-Clement Attlee?

-Correct!

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APPLAUSE

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So, we follow on from Dvorak's New World Symphony,

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which you failed to identify, but was famously used

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in a television commercial to advertise bread.

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With music bonuses on three more pieces of classical music

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irritatingly used in advertisements, in each case

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simply identify the composer. Firstly...

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GENTLE PIANO MELODY

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THEY WHISPER

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-Chopin.

-Yes, that was Chopin.

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It was used in a mobile-phone advertisement in 2010.

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-Secondly...

-SWELLING ORCHESTRAL MUSIC

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THEY WHISPER

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Puccini?

0:15:100:15:12

No, that's Mascagni. It was used to advertise tissues.

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Finally... STIRRING CHORAL / ORCHESTRAL PIECE

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-Hall Of The Mountain King.

-Grieg.

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Grieg, indeed. The Hall Of The Mountain King.

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It was used in a theme-park advertisement. Ten points for this.

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Named after a 19th-century English biologist,

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which boundary passes east of Java and Bali

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and northward through the Strait of Makassar,

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and defines the western limit of the Australasian fauna

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and the eastern limit of the main Oriental fauna?

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-Banks?

-Anyone like to buzz from St Andrews?

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-Punnett?

-No, it's Wallace's Line, after Alfred Russel Wallace.

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Ten points for this. Give the spelling of the two homophones

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that mean respectively "means of controlling a horse"

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and "pertaining to the female partner at a marriage".

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B-R-I-D-L-E and B-R-I-D-A-L.

0:16:050:16:08

-Correct.

-APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses are on particle physics this time, St Andrews.

0:16:120:16:16

In the Stern-Gerlach experiment of 1922,

0:16:160:16:18

evidence was first found for which quantum number?

0:16:180:16:22

THEY WHISPER

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-The principal quantum number?

-No, it's spin.

0:16:270:16:30

What theorem relates spin to the symmetries

0:16:300:16:32

of the quantum-wave function under particle exchange?

0:16:320:16:35

-We don't know.

-The spin-statistics theorem.

0:16:400:16:43

And finally, the application of the spin-statistics theorem

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to fermions leads to what principle first formulated by Pauli?

0:16:460:16:50

-The exclusion principle.

-The exclusion principle.

-Correct.

0:16:500:16:54

Another starter question now. What word links, in entomology,

0:16:540:16:57

the stage of the life cycle of a hemimetabolous insect

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which follows the hatching of the egg,

0:17:000:17:02

and in Greek mythology, a female nature spirit?

0:17:020:17:06

-Nymph.

-Nymph is right.

0:17:060:17:08

Your bonuses this time, Merton,

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are on novels that have won the Booker Prize.

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In each case, give the title of the work

0:17:120:17:15

in which the following locations appear in the opening lines.

0:17:150:17:18

First for five points, the Reading Room of the London Library,

0:17:180:17:22

and Locked Safe no. 5.

0:17:220:17:24

Reading Room of the London Library...

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-I don't know.

-I'm afraid I don't know.

0:17:280:17:32

AS Byatt's Possession, winner in 1990. Secondly,

0:17:320:17:34

a fashionable apartment block

0:17:340:17:36

on the edge of the ancient centre of Kracow.

0:17:360:17:39

-No. Don't know.

-Schindler's Ark by Thomas Keneally,

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won in 1982. And finally, Darlington Hall.

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THEY WHISPER

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-Wolf Hall?

-No, that's Ishiguro's The Remains Of The Day.

0:17:550:17:59

Another starter question.

0:17:590:18:00

Extracting more than the second, third and fourth countries combined,

0:18:000:18:04

Peru, the USA and Indonesia respectively,

0:18:040:18:07

which country is the world's largest producer of copper?

0:18:070:18:10

-Brazil.

-Anyone like to buzz from Merton?

0:18:130:18:15

-Chile.

-Chile is correct, yes.

0:18:150:18:18

Your bonuses this time, Merton College, are on a fibre.

0:18:180:18:22

Gossypium, a plant in the mallow family,

0:18:220:18:25

-is the source of which fibre?

-THEY WHISPER

0:18:250:18:28

-Cotton.

-Cotton.

-Cotton is correct.

0:18:300:18:32

Similar devices having been used earlier in China and India,

0:18:320:18:36

which machine was developed by the American Eli Whitney in 1793

0:18:360:18:39

for removing seeds from cotton fibres?

0:18:390:18:42

-Cotton jim?

-Gin is correct.

-Gin. Sorry.

0:18:420:18:45

After the Victorian English chemist who devised it,

0:18:450:18:48

what name is given to the chemical treatment of cotton

0:18:480:18:51

with strong alkalis to improve both strength and texture?

0:18:510:18:54

I don't know.

0:18:550:18:57

THEY WHISPER

0:18:570:19:00

-Jenner's process?

-No, it's mercerising.

0:19:000:19:03

Another starter question.

0:19:030:19:05

The film director Duncan Jones, whose 2009 debut

0:19:050:19:08

was the award-winning science-fiction thriller Moon

0:19:080:19:11

is the son of which...

0:19:110:19:13

-David Bowie.

-David Bowie is correct.

-APPLAUSE

0:19:130:19:16

Your bonuses, St Andrews, are on an artist.

0:19:170:19:20

Firstly, Arrangement In Grey, Portrait Of The Painter,

0:19:200:19:24

is a self-portrait of around 1872 by which American-born artist

0:19:240:19:27

who died in London in 1903?

0:19:270:19:29

THEY WHISPER

0:19:290:19:32

-Come on!

-Whistler?

0:19:350:19:37

Whistler is correct, yes. Whistler's 1871 portrait

0:19:370:19:41

Arrangement In Grey And Black No. 1, The Artist's Mother,

0:19:410:19:44

is in the collection of which French museum?

0:19:440:19:48

THEY WHISPER

0:19:480:19:50

-The Musee d'Orsay?

-Correct.

0:19:500:19:52

The author of Sartor Resartus, which Scottish historian and essayist

0:19:520:19:56

is the subject of Whistler's 1873 painting

0:19:560:19:59

Arrangement In Grey And Black No. 2?

0:19:590:20:02

-Carlyle.

-Carlyle is correct.

0:20:020:20:04

We're going to take a picture round now.

0:20:040:20:06

The starter is a photograph of a public figure.

0:20:060:20:09

For ten points, you have to give me his name.

0:20:090:20:12

-Roman Abramovich?

-Correct.

0:20:140:20:16

APPLAUSE

0:20:160:20:18

As you and everyone else knows, he bought Chelsea Football Club in 2003.

0:20:180:20:22

Your bonuses are three more Premier League football-club owners,

0:20:220:20:26

all born overseas. I want their name and the name of the club they own

0:20:260:20:30

or have owned. Firstly the club, and this man who took over in 2007.

0:20:300:20:35

Thaksin Shinawatra.

0:20:370:20:40

Thaksin Shinawatra, and Manchester City.

0:20:400:20:42

No, it's Birmingham City, and it's Carson Yeung.

0:20:420:20:45

Secondly, the club, and this person who took over ownership in 2008.

0:20:450:20:50

THEY WHISPER

0:20:520:20:55

-Manchester City. We don't know the...

-It is Manchester, Sheikh Mansour.

0:20:580:21:02

Finally the club, and this person who took over with his company

0:21:020:21:06

NESV as owner in 2010.

0:21:060:21:09

-THEY WHISPER

-John Henry.

0:21:100:21:13

-John Henry, Liverpool.

-Correct.

0:21:130:21:15

Another starter question. Answer as soon as you buzz,

0:21:150:21:18

and give the required unit.

0:21:180:21:19

What is the acceleration of a car that travels 600 metres

0:21:190:21:22

in 20 seconds from a standing start?

0:21:220:21:25

Er, 30 metres per second squared?

0:21:320:21:35

-Anyone like to buzz from St Andrews?

-12 metres per second squared.

0:21:350:21:39

No, it's three metres per second squared.

0:21:390:21:41

Another starter question. Which Latin preposition

0:21:410:21:44

begins expressions meaning "as a favour",

0:21:440:21:46

"by virtue of office or position", "with full authority",

0:21:460:21:50

in the case of a papal decree, and "out of nothing"?

0:21:500:21:54

-De.

-St Andrews?

0:21:540:21:56

-Ex.

-Ex is correct. Ex gratia, ex officio, etcetera.

0:21:560:22:01

Right. These bonuses could give you the lead.

0:22:020:22:04

They're on poets' graves. "Here lies one whose name was writ in water"

0:22:040:22:08

is the self-composed epitaph of which poet on his tombstone in the Protestant Cemetery in Rome?

0:22:080:22:13

-Keats.

-Correct. The title of which poem by TS Eliot

0:22:130:22:16

is the name of the Somerset village in whose church his ashes were interred in 1965?

0:22:160:22:21

THEY WHISPER

0:22:210:22:23

Er, Little Gidding. Little Gidding.

0:22:230:22:25

-Little Gidding?

-No, it's East Coker, another one.

0:22:250:22:29

John Masefield was the last poet to be buried in Poets' Corner

0:22:290:22:33

in Westminster Abbey. Who was the first, in 1400?

0:22:330:22:35

THEY WHISPER

0:22:350:22:38

-Chaucer?

-Geoffrey Chaucer is right.

0:22:380:22:41

Another starter question.

0:22:410:22:43

Examples including Milton's Samson Agonistes and Byron's Manfred,

0:22:430:22:47

what two-word term denotes a play intended to be read in private

0:22:470:22:50

rather than performed on stage?

0:22:500:22:52

-Closet drama.

-Closet drama is correct.

0:22:520:22:55

These bonuses will give you the lead. They're on whales -

0:22:550:22:58

the marine mammal, that is. Firstly for five,

0:22:580:23:01

known by the binomial Delphinapterus leucas,

0:23:010:23:06

which cetacean is sometimes called the canary of the sea

0:23:060:23:09

in reference to its high-pitched song?

0:23:090:23:11

-THEY WHISPER

-It's a dolphin.

0:23:110:23:14

-Dolphin.

-It's the beluga or the white whale.

0:23:140:23:17

The blue whale is the largest of any animal.

0:23:170:23:20

What is the common name of Balaenoptera physalus,

0:23:200:23:23

-the second-largest?

-THEY WHISPER

0:23:230:23:26

-Sperm whale.

-No, it's the finback whale.

0:23:290:23:31

The eponymous white whale of Herman Melville's novel Moby Dick

0:23:310:23:35

is what species, the largest of the toothed whales?

0:23:350:23:38

-That is a sperm whale.

-That is a sperm whale.

0:23:380:23:41

Four minutes to go. Another starter question.

0:23:410:23:43

What four-letter word may precede "reaction", "star" and "matter"

0:23:430:23:47

to describe the second phase of...

0:23:470:23:50

-Anti.

-No, you lose five points.

0:23:500:23:53

The second phase of photosynthesis, a stellar object...

0:23:530:23:56

-Dark.

-Dark is correct.

0:23:560:23:59

Here are your bonuses. They're on film scores, Merton.

0:23:590:24:02

"The bolognese sauce to director Sergio Leone's pasta"

0:24:020:24:06

is how one critic described which composer's music?

0:24:060:24:08

He worked with Leone on A Fistful Of Dollars and The Good, The Bad And The Ugly.

0:24:080:24:13

-Ennio Morricone.

-Correct. Which composer's score

0:24:130:24:15

used a two-note motif performed on a tuba to indicate the presence of the shark in Spielberg's Jaws?

0:24:150:24:20

-John Williams.

-Correct.

0:24:200:24:22

Born Evangelos Odysseas Papathanassiou,

0:24:220:24:25

what is the adopted name of the composer and musician

0:24:250:24:28

who scored Ridley Scott's 1982 film Blade Runner?

0:24:280:24:31

Oh... Um, Vangelo...

0:24:310:24:33

-Vangelis.

-Vangelis.

-Vangelis is right.

0:24:330:24:36

Three minutes to go. Another starter question.

0:24:360:24:38

Wall Street, Diffident, Mark Of Esteem, Decorated Hero, Fatefully,

0:24:380:24:42

Lochangel and Fujiyama Crest were linked on September 28th 1996

0:24:420:24:47

by which jockey?

0:24:470:24:49

-Frankie Dettori?

-Correct.

0:24:520:24:53

Your bonuses now are on a planetary system.

0:24:530:24:57

Which planet was discovered in 1846 as a result of mathematical predictions

0:24:570:25:01

made by Urbain Le Verrier and John Couch Adams?

0:25:010:25:04

-Neptune.

-Neptune?

0:25:040:25:06

-Quickly...

-Neptune.

0:25:060:25:08

Correct. What is the largest moon of Neptune,

0:25:080:25:11

named after the son of Poseidon in Greek mythology?

0:25:110:25:14

-Triton.

-Correct. What is the second-largest Neptunian satellite?

0:25:140:25:17

It shares its name with a shape-shifting Greek sea god.

0:25:170:25:20

THEY WHISPER

0:25:200:25:22

-Proteus.

-Correct.

0:25:220:25:24

Another starter question now.

0:25:240:25:25

In what manner is it necessary to read an ancient text

0:25:250:25:28

written in the style known as boustrophedon?

0:25:280:25:31

Um, right to left and then left to right and then...

0:25:330:25:36

Correct. Alternate directions. Yes.

0:25:360:25:39

Your bonuses are three questions on palindromes.

0:25:390:25:41

Which English poet and dramatist coined the term palindrome

0:25:410:25:45

in his poem An Execration Upon Vulcan, written in 1623

0:25:450:25:49

after his home and books were destroyed in a fire?

0:25:490:25:52

-Quickly!

-We don't know.

0:25:530:25:55

It's Ben Jonson. Which palindromic boys' name

0:25:550:25:58

does not signify a position in a family as might be supposed,

0:25:580:26:01

but is derived from a Germanic word for prosperity?

0:26:010:26:05

-THEY WHISPER

-I don't know.

0:26:050:26:08

-Otto?

-Correct.

0:26:080:26:10

Which 18th-century composer wrote The Palindrome Symphony in which the minuet and trio

0:26:100:26:15

are marked "al roverso" and are played both forwards and backwards?

0:26:150:26:18

-THEY WHISPER

-Don't know.

0:26:180:26:21

-Haydn.

-Haydn is right, yes!

0:26:210:26:23

In plants, statoliths are membrane-bound starch grains

0:26:230:26:27

found in the tips of roots and...

0:26:270:26:29

-And leaves.

-I'm afraid you lose five points.

0:26:290:26:32

And in tissues close to vascular bundles.

0:26:320:26:34

What stimulus do they detect?

0:26:340:26:36

You can't hang around. Buzz right now.

0:26:370:26:40

-Light.

-No, it's gravity. Another starter question.

0:26:400:26:42

What line of seven words precedes these lines by Byron?

0:26:420:26:46

"Of cloudless climes and starry skies

0:26:460:26:48

And all that's best of dark and bright

0:26:480:26:50

Meet in her aspect and her eyes"?

0:26:500:26:53

-"She walks in beauty like the night".

-Yes!

0:26:550:26:58

Here are your bonuses. They're on fountains.

0:26:580:27:01

In which European city is the Jet d'Eau, which, with a jet of water

0:27:010:27:05

rising to 140 metres, is one of the world's highest fountains?

0:27:050:27:09

-Paris?

-No, Geneva. Which fountain is believed to take its name

0:27:090:27:12

from its location at the intersection of three roads,

0:27:120:27:15

and is the largest of Rome's baroque water fountains?

0:27:150:27:18

-Nominate Frazier.

-Trevi.

-The Trevi fountain's right.

0:27:180:27:21

In the fountain outside the Pompidou Centre, a nightingale, a mermaid

0:27:210:27:25

-and a firebird are among the...

-GONG RINGS

0:27:250:27:28

St Andrews have 165. Merton College, Oxford, have 195.

0:27:280:27:32

No shame in losing by a score like that, St Andrews,

0:27:360:27:39

and 165 might be one of the highest-scoring losing teams.

0:27:390:27:43

You may well come back as one of the highest-scoring losers

0:27:430:27:46

next time round. Merton, terrific performance from you.

0:27:460:27:49

We shall see you for sure in the next stage of the competition.

0:27:490:27:53

I hope you can join us next time,

0:27:530:27:55

-but until then, it's goodbye from St Andrews University...

-Goodbye.

0:27:550:27:59

-..goodbye from Merton College...

-Goodbye.

-..and it's goodbye from me.

0:27:590:28:03

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0:28:030:28:07

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0:28:070:28:11

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0:28:110:28:12

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