Episode 9 University Challenge


Episode 9

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Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. Two more teams of students have cheerily volunteered to sit in front of their illuminated surnames

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and attempt to answer difficult questions for our amusement and the glory of their university.

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The University of Manchester is one of the largest in the country with around 40,000 students.

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The computer revolution started there in 1948 when a machine known as The Baby ran its first program

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and it was at the Jodrell Bank site in Cheshire that Sir Bernard Lovell built his steerable radio telescope.

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Distinctions include 25 Nobel Prize winners among its alumni

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and the fact that it has reached the semi-finals several times recently

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and carried off the trophy in 2006 and 2009.

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With an average age of 27, let's see if this team can do as well.

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Hello. I'm Luke Kelly, from Kent, and I'm studying History.

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I'm Michael McKenna, from St Annes and I'm studying Biochemistry.

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-Their captain...

-Hi, I'm Tristan Burke from Ilkley and I'm studying English Literature.

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I'm Paul Joyce from Chorley, studying for a Master's in Social Research Methods and Statistics.

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APPLAUSE

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Selwyn College, Cambridge, is named after George Augustus Selwyn, Bishop of Lichfield,

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in whose memory it was founded in 1882 for 28 undergraduates.

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The college cat, Gus, is also named after him.

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Its charter specified it should "make provision for those who intend to serve as missionaries overseas

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"and to educate the sons of clergymen". It nurtured the current Archbishop of York, John Sentamu,

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as well as Hugh Laurie, Tom Hollander and author Robert Harris.

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It has only around 500 students and the average age of tonight's team is 19. Let's meet them.

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Hi. I'm Daniel Bental, from Staines, and I'm studying Spanish and Russian.

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Hello. My name's Jack Oxley, from Streatham, studying Natural Sciences.

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-Their captain...

-Hi, I'm Samuel Cook from Rugby, studying Geography.

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Hi. I'm Joseph Steadman, from Northampton, reading Law.

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APPLAUSE

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OK, the rules are the same as ever. 10 for starters, 15 for bonuses,

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5-point penalties if you interrupt a starter incorrectly.

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Here's your first starter for 10. The capital of Martinique,

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the site of the first engagement of the American Civil War...

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-Fort?

-Fort is correct, yes.

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Your bonuses are on cafes.

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Former patrons including Camus and Picasso, which cafe on St Germain-des-Pres in Paris

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takes its name from the two carved statues of Chinese commercial agents which form part of the interior?

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-Anyone?

-Pigalle?

-Pardon?

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-Pigalle?

-No, it's Les Deux Magots. Which 1951 story by Carson McCullers

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tells of the tragedy of Miss Amelia, who opens an eating establishment in the American South?

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-The Ballad of the Sad Cafe.

-Correct.

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Which Dutch artist painted Night Cafe in 1888, of which he wrote,

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"I have tried to express with red and green the terrible passions of human nature"?

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-Van Gogh.

-Another starter. Using a blend of citrus and herbal oils in alcohol,

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Giovanni Maria Farina, an Italian living in Germany,

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created and marketed which toiletry product from 1709 onwards,

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now distinguished from perfumes by its low concentration of essential oils, usually no more than 5%?

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-Eau de toilette?

-Anyone from Manchester?

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-Eau de Cologne?

-Correct, yes.

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These bonuses are on place names.

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Its name believed to derive from a Celtic term for "cave", which limestone cavern in the Mendip Hills

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has yielded finds of prehistoric implements and contains a stalagmite

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which, according to legend, was formerly a witch?

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-Wookey Hole?

-Yeah. Wookey Hole?

-Correct.

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The Hole of Horcum, which according to local legend was scooped out of the landscape by a giant,

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lies south of the village of Goathland in which English National Park?

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-Yorkshire Dales.

-North York Moors.

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Hole formed part of the historical region of Ringerike in Norway

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and was the home of which 11th-century king, who was killed when he invaded England in 1066?

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-Nominate Kelly.

-Harald Hardrada?

-Harald Hardrada is correct, yes.

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A starter. Superb, Shining, Regal and Wattled are species of which bird family, known scientifically...

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Wren.

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Er, wren.

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No, I'm afraid you lose 5 points. ..Found abundantly in Britain,

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it's known to mimic car alarms and similar sounds.

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-Magpie?

-No, it's starling. Another starter question.

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What form of record is classified in the system named after Sir Edward Henry? It was championed by him

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in the early 20th century during his time as Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police.

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-Fingerprinting.

-Correct. Dactyloscopy.

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Your bonuses are on plays within Shakespeare's plays. Firstly, for 5,

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in which work does a troupe of actors perform the play The Murder of Gonzago,

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with a new title and extra lines?

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-Hamlet.

-In which work do the comic characters attempt to stage A Masque of the Nine Worthies

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devised by the schoolmaster Holofernes?

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-A Midsummer Night's Dream?

-No, Love's Labour's Lost.

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Which work includes a masque of the goddesses Ceres, Juno and Iris, with nymphs and reapers?

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-The Tempest.

-Correct. Another starter. "He affects the metaphysics not only in his satires,

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"but in his amorous verses, where nature only should reign,

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"and perplexes the minds of the fair sex with nice speculations of philosophy."

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These words of John Dryden refer to which English poet, born...

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Spenser.

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No, it wasn't and you did interrupt, so you lose another 5 points. Sorry.

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..born 1572?

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-Donne.

-John Donne is correct, yes.

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Your bonuses, Manchester, are on the cardiac cycle now.

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What is the medical name for the phase of the heartbeat during which contraction of the ventricles

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-forces blood into the arteries?

-Nominate McKenna.

-Systole?

-Yes.

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Action potentials generated in the sinoatrial node are conducted rapidly along a network of fibres,

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-causing the ventricles to contract almost simultaneously. What are the fibres called?

-Nominate McKenna.

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-Purkinje fibres.

-Correct. Derived from the Greek for "accelerated",

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what term denotes an increase in the heart rate above the normal resting rate of 70 beats per minute?

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-Nominate McKenna.

-Tachycardia?

-Correct.

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We'll take a picture round now.

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You'll see a diagram representing a Formula 1 race circuit.

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10 points if you can name the circuit.

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-Monaco.

-Monaco is correct, yes.

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Your bonuses are three more diagrams representing outlines of Formula 1 race tracks. 5 points for each.

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Firstly...

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-Anyone?

-It's Japan, isn't it?

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-Is this Japan?

-No...

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-Suzuki...Suzuka!

-Suzuka.

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Correct. Secondly...

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-Anyone?

-No.

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Monza? Try it.

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-Monza.

-No, that's Yas Marina in the UAE. Finally...

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-That could be Monza.

-Monza.

-No, Hockenheim in Germany.

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10 points for this. What is the common name of Pteridium Aquilina?

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Its far-reaching rhizomes and tall fronds make it one of the world's tallest plants.

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It has poisonous compounds in its leaves and is the commonest species of fern in the UK.

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-Bracken?

-Bracken is right.

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Your bonuses are on the novels of Wilkie Collins.

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The fall from grace of Magdalen Vanstone is the subject of which novel on the theme of illegitimacy,

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described as the work that "enchains you, but you detest it...

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"the repulsiveness of the matter disturbs the...reader"?

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-No Name.

-Correct. "A woman fouler than the refuse of the streets,"

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is how a reviewer described the red-headed bigamist, seducer and poisoner of which Collins novel?

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-The Woman In White.

-No, it's Armadale.

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"The first, the longest and the best of modern English detective novels."

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These words of TS Eliot describe which novel, with characters such as Rachel Verinder and Sgt Cuff?

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-The Moonstone.

-It is. 10 points for this. What is being described?

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Coloured appropriately blue because red light is absorbed by methane in its atmosphere,

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it orbits at a mean distance of 30 astronomical units from the sun and its largest satellite is Triton.

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-Neptune.

-Neptune is right, yes!

-APPLAUSE

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I was going to say you're off the mark, but not quite! Here are your bonuses.

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They're on place names that differ only in the initial letter of their English spelling,

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for example Liberia and Siberia. In each case, give both names from the description. Firstly,

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a land-locked country of West Africa and the island between Java and Lombok?

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-Bali and Mali.

-Correct. The EU capital closest to Liverpool and a major city of Poland?

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-Dublin and Lublin.

-Correct. An island nation of the Mediterranean and a city in the Crimea?

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-Malta and Yalta.

-Yes, well done.

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APPLAUSE

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Another starter question.

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An infrequent combination of final letters in English words,

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which two consonants appear at the end of words meaning example or pattern, maxim or aphorism,

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the cold, moist humour and structure separating...

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-GM.

-GM is right, yes.

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Paradigm, diaphragm and so on.

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Your bonuses this time are on animals and constellations.

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The constellation Aquila and its brightest star, Altair, are named in Latin and Arabic respectively

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after which bird? In Greek mythology it carries Zeus's thunderbolt.

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-Eagle.

-Said to represent the dove released by Noah, which constellation shares its name

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with a 6th-century saint who established a monastery on Iona?

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Columba, isn't it? Columba.

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Volans is a small constellation in the southern hemisphere representing a fish

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of the family exocoetidae,

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found in warm and tropical waters, characterised by enlarged pectoral fins and known by what common name?

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-Catfish? Catfish.

-No, a flying fish. 10 points for this. From the medieval Latin for trust or believe,

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what name is given to the table in a church on which...

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-Credo?

-No, you lose 5 points. ..on which bread and wine may be placed before they are consecrated?

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In royal or noble houses, it was also where food was placed

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before being tasted by an official in order to check for poison.

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-Sacristy?

-No, it's the credence table. 10 points for this.

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A long-legged wading bird, a bottle stopper obtained from the bark of Quercus Suber

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and a twisting force that tends to cause rotation...

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-Stork, cork, torque?

-No, you lose 5 points.

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..tends to cause rotation, all rhyme with the name of which city of northern England?

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-York.

-Indeed. Right. Your bonuses this time are on the laws of physics.

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The First Law of Electrolysis, stating that the amount of substance liberated at an electrode

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is directly proportional to the charge passed, was formulated in the 1830s by which British scientist?

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-Dalton?

-Who? Dalton?

-No, it was Faraday. What name is given

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to the free movement of the molecules of a gas which makes them distribute themselves equally

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within the space available, the rate of the process being proportional, according to Fick's First Law,

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-to the concentration gradient?

-Nominate McKenna.

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-Brownian motion?

-Diffusion. "A body continues in a state of rest or uniform motion in a straight line

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"unless acted on by an external force." Which scientist first published that law in 1687?

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-Isaac Newton.

-Correct. We'll take a music round now.

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You'll hear an excerpt from the score to a popular film. 10 points if you can name the film.

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MUSIC PLAYS

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Is it Indiana Jones?

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No, I'm afraid it's not. Manchester, you can hear a little more.

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MUSIC RESUMES

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-No?

-No.

-I'll tell you. That was the theme from Jaws, leaving out the most memorable bit!

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So we'll take the musical bonuses in a moment or two. 10 points for this starter.

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Assuming that the following takes place in air at room temperature,

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to the nearest whole second how long would it take a supersonic aircraft, travelling at Mach 2.3,

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to cover one mile?

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It's no good sitting shrugging your shoulders! Two seconds.

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Another starter question. According to Europa, the official web portal of the EU,

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two EU member states do not have a one-word English name.

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One is the United Kingdom. What is the other?

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-Czech Republic?

-Correct!

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So you get the music bonuses which are three more excerpts from scores, which like Jaws,

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were composed by John Williams for a Steven Spielberg film.

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They are not the most representative parts. In each case, simply identify the film. Firstly for 5,

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from which series of films is this music taken?

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MUSIC PLAYS

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-Star Wars.

-No, Indiana Jones. Secondly, this film of 1982.

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MUSIC PLAYS

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ET?

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-ET?

-It is ET, yes. And, finally, this film of 1993.

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MUSIC PLAYS

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I don't know.

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-Jurassic Park.

-Jurassic Park?

-Yes, it is.

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Another starter question.

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"I suppose the body to be just a statue or a machine made of earth."

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Which French thinker wrote those words in the 1633 work Treatise On Man?

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-Descartes?

-Rene Descartes is correct.

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Your bonuses are on the size of Scotland.

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The UK has an area of around 244,000 square kilometres. What is the area of Scotland?

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-You can have 5,000 square kilometres either way.

-Anyone?

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It's a complete guess.

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So what's that?

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-110.

-110?

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-110,000.

-No.

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It's 78,770 square kilometres.

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Which US state, one of the original 13 colonies, has an area closest to that of Scotland?

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-It can't be Rhode Island.

-Too small.

-Too small.

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-Massachusetts.

-No, it's South Carolina. Of the 27 member states of the EU,

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which landlocked state has an area closest to that of Scotland?

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Slovakia? It's quite small.

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-Slovakia.

-The Czech Republic.

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10 points for this. How many years separated the publication

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of Einstein's final version of the General Theory of Relativity from his Special Theory of Relativity?

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Six years?

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Anyone like to have a shot from Selwyn?

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-Eight years.

-No, it's 10. In fluid mechanics, what name is given to the wave disturbance

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emanating from the leading edge of an object moving through fluid,

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especially the V-shaped surface wave associated with boats moving through water?

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-Wake?

-No. Anyone want to buzz from Manchester?

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It's the bow wave. How are Zurga and Nadir described in the title of Bizet's opera of 1863?

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Act One sees them affirm their mutual loyalty and friendship in the duet Au Fond Du Temple Saint.

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-The Pearl Fishers?

-Correct.

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And your bonuses are on 20th-century opera. First performed in Chicago in 1921, which opera by Prokofiev

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is based on a comic play by the Italian dramatist Carlo Gozzi, itself based on a fairy tale?

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-Beauty and the Beast.

-Love For Three Oranges. First performed in Leningrad in 1934,

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which opera by Shostakovich is based on a story which in turn refers to a character in Shakespeare?

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-Macbeth? Macbeth.

-That's not specific enough. It's Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District.

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First performed in Venice in 1951,

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which opera by Stravinsky is based loosely on a series of engravings produced by Hogarth in the 1730s?

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-The Rake's Progress.

-Correct. Another starter. Footman, maiden and mother-of-all

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are names given to parts of which device? It reached Europe from the east in the Middle Ages

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and was mechanised by John Wyatt and Lewis Paul in the 18th century.

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-The printing press?

-No. Selwyn?

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-The telescope.

-No, the spinning wheel. 10 points for this starter.

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What record was set by Nicholas Mahut and John Isner...

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-The longest tennis match.

-Correct. Longest professional tennis match.

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OK, Manchester, your bonuses are on rivers of the Midlands.

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Which river rises on Biddulph Moor and joins the Yorkshire Ouse after 45 miles to form the Humber?

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One of its crossings gives its name to a cricket ground.

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-Trent.

-Correct. Which Midlands town takes its name from the River Tame,

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which joins the River Anker there?

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-Is it Tameside?

-No.

-Shall I say it anyway?

-No.

-OK, what shall I say, then?

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-Something else.

-I'm saying it. Tameside.

-No, it's Tamworth.

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Which river flows through the West Midlands and bisects Kidderminster from north to south

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before joining the Severn at a river port to which it gives its name?

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-The Avon.

-No, it's the Stour.

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Right, another picture round now. You'll see a painting of an historical figure.

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10 points if you give me her name.

0:21:220:21:24

-Catherine Parr?

-No. Selwyn?

0:21:280:21:31

-Catherine of Aragon?

-No, it's Jane Seymour, so picture bonuses in a moment or two.

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Another starter question. What term denotes the electromagnetic radiation emitted by excited nuclei

0:21:410:21:48

with frequencies greater than 10 to the 18 hertz?

0:21:480:21:52

-Gamma rays.

-Gamma is correct. So you get the picture bonuses.

0:21:540:21:58

Following on from Jane Seymour, Henry VIII's third wife, three more of his wives.

0:21:580:22:05

Firstly for 5, give me the name of this queen and name the prince she married before Henry.

0:22:050:22:11

-Catherine of Aragon, Arthur.

-Correct. Secondly, this queen and her fourth husband,

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whom she married after the death of Henry.

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-Anne of Cleves, but we don't know.

-Catherine Parr and Thomas Seymour.

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Finally, this queen and the poet with whom she was accused of having an affair.

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-Anne Boleyn and Thomas Wyatt.

-Correct.

0:22:500:22:53

Another starter question now.

0:22:530:22:56

In the Old Testament, Hannah vowed that if God gave her a son, "She would give him to the Lord."

0:22:560:23:02

Of which judge and prophet did she become the mother?

0:23:020:23:06

-Samuel?

-Correct.

0:23:060:23:09

Your bonuses this time are on food safety and hygiene.

0:23:110:23:15

The Codex Alimentarius Commission develops internationally recognised food safety standards and practices

0:23:150:23:22

and was established in 1963 by the WHO and which agency of the United Nations?

0:23:220:23:28

-The UN Food Programme?

-No, the Food and Agriculture Organisation, or FAO as it's known.

0:23:340:23:40

A system of food safety management that identifies problems,

0:23:400:23:44

for what do the letters

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HACCP stand?

0:23:470:23:50

-Um, pass.

-It's Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points.

0:23:570:24:01

Finally, belonging to the family Caliciviridae,

0:24:010:24:05

which RNA virus causes the common gastroenteritis known as winter vomiting disease?

0:24:050:24:11

-Norovirus.

-Norovirus is correct.

0:24:110:24:14

Four minutes to go. Common in place names in south and south-west England,

0:24:140:24:19

what term denotes a steep-sided valley in a limestone or chalk escarpment?

0:24:190:24:24

-Combe.

-Combe is right, yes!

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Your bonuses are on the human skeleton, Selwyn.

0:24:290:24:33

Which bones articulate with the proximal phalanges on the foot?

0:24:330:24:37

-Metatarsals?

-Correct. Providing an attachment for the tongue, which horseshoe-shaped bone

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is the only bone not articulated with any other bone?

0:24:440:24:48

-Pass.

-It's the hyoid.

0:24:520:24:55

In a normal human skeleton, how many pairs of ribs are connected to the sternum by cartilage?

0:24:550:25:01

-One.

-No, it's 10.

0:25:080:25:11

Three minutes to go now. 10 points for this.

0:25:110:25:14

In total, how many times does the latter O appear in the following three UK place names?

0:25:140:25:20

Scarborough, Middlesbrough, Edinburgh.

0:25:200:25:24

-Six.

-Anyone from Manchester?

0:25:250:25:27

Five.

0:25:280:25:29

No, it's three times! It's not in Edinburgh at all. Another starter.

0:25:290:25:35

In terms of linguistic innovation, what links the Armenian Saint Mesrop, the Goth Saint Ulfilas

0:25:350:25:41

and the Greek Saints Cyril and...

0:25:410:25:44

-They created alphabets.

-Correct.

0:25:450:25:48

Your bonuses are on paintings in the National Gallery.

0:25:480:25:53

Name the British monarch on the throne when these were painted.

0:25:530:25:58

Firstly, Mr and Mrs Andrews by Thomas Gainsborough.

0:25:580:26:02

-It's the monarch, isn't it?

-Come on.

-George II.

-Correct.

0:26:060:26:11

Second, The Hay Wain by Constable.

0:26:110:26:14

-No, George III...

-Let's have it.

-George III.

-No, George IV.

0:26:170:26:22

Finally, The Fighting Temeraire by Turner.

0:26:220:26:26

-Queen Victoria.

-Correct. 10 points for this. "Transistor density on integrated circuits

0:26:260:26:32

"doubles every two years." These...

0:26:320:26:34

-Moore.

-Moore's Law is correct.

0:26:340:26:37

Your bonuses are on love triangles in 19th-century literature. In each case, I want the third name.

0:26:370:26:45

Firstly, Eponine Thenardier, Marius Pontmercy and...?

0:26:450:26:49

-Pass.

-It's Cosette. Secondly, Andrei Bolkonsky, Anatole Kuragin and...?

0:26:500:26:57

-Natasha.

-Natasha.

-Correct. And, finally, Charles Darnay, Sidney Carton and...?

0:26:580:27:05

-Pass.

-Lucie. 10 points for this. What given name links the author of Revelations of Divine Love,

0:27:060:27:13

the calendar that preceded the Gregorian and the Roman emperor...

0:27:130:27:17

-Julian.

-Julian is right.

0:27:180:27:20

Your bonuses this time are on easily-confused words. In each case, give both words.

0:27:200:27:27

Fragrant fumes used, for example, in religious ceremonial

0:27:270:27:32

and sexual relations between close relatives.

0:27:320:27:35

-Incense and incest.

-Correct. Gland that surrounds the neck of the bladder in male mammals

0:27:350:27:41

and lying face downwards or in a submissive position.

0:27:410:27:45

-Prostate and prostrate.

-Correct. To act or speak evasively

0:27:450:27:49

and to defer or put off an action.

0:27:490:27:51

Evade, avoid?

0:27:520:27:55

-Evade and avoid.

-Prevaricate and procrastinate.

0:27:550:27:58

GONG

0:27:580:28:00

Very good punt, though. Well, Selwyn, you never got a chance to show us what you're made of.

0:28:080:28:14

A catastrophically bad start, but you were playing a very, very good team.

0:28:140:28:19

I'm afraid we're saying goodbye. Manchester, terrific performance.

0:28:190:28:24

We'll see you in Round Two.

0:28:240:28:27

I hope you can join us next time, but until then it's goodbye from Selwyn College,

0:28:270:28:32

goodbye from Manchester University

0:28:320:28:34

and it's goodbye from me. Goodbye.

0:28:340:28:37

Subtitles by Subtext for Red Bee Media Ltd - 2011

0:28:560:29:00

Email [email protected]

0:29:010:29:04

The team representing the University of Manchester fights it out against Selwyn College, Cambridge, in a bid to reach the next stage of the competition. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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