Mon, 12 Dec 2016 Ffermio


Mon, 12 Dec 2016

Bydd Daloni yn ymweld a sioe amaethyddol Nadoligaidd o wartheg a defaid yn Rhuthun. Daloni visits a cattle and sheep Christmas show in Ruthin and Alun is at the farm in St Fagans.


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Transcript


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-Welcome to Ffermio

-and to Ruthin mart.

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-Christmas is getting nearer.

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-The annual cattle and sheep show

-is being held here...

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-..as well as an evening of carol

-singing in aid of the RABI charity.

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-Also this week,

-Alun visits St Fagans museum...

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-..to find out

-how the farm is managed.

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-We'll also be at the launch

-of an educational resource...

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-..for primary school children

-in Builth Wells.

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-First...

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-..a little over 2% of Welsh land

-are Nitrate Vulnerable Zones, NVZs.

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-In those zones, there are periods

-when a farmer's allowed...

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-..to spread slurry or fertilizer

-as well as other regulations.

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-Meinir has more details.

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-The Welsh Government

-is consulting at the moment...

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-..on ways that agriculture can help

-to reduce water pollution...

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-..caused by nitrates.

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-There are two options.

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-Either the whole of Wales is under

-restrictions or targeted treatment.

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-But the question is

-what does all this mean?

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-Jeff and Elinor Evans are tenants

-on Broadmoor Farm in Wolfscastle.

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-They milk 170 cattle

-and farm 400 acres in all.

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-Broadmoor is one of 2,000 farms

-in Pembrokeshire...

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-..which would have to conform

-with new regulations.

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-The first thing for us would be

-a lack of storage for slurry.

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-We'd need five months of storage.

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-At the moment, we have four weeks,

-around a month.

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-So we need a lot more.

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-There will be a closed period...

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-..between 15 October

-and 15 February...

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-..where we can't take manure out

-at all.

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-We graze cattle

-just about all year round.

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-We expect to turn them out

-in February.

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-If there's no grass,

-they'd be slow in going out.

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-We depend on that.

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-If the regulations come into force,

-how would it affect your business?

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-We'd have to find around 100,000

-to build the stores.

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-That's if the council

-gives planning permission.

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-Pembrokeshire council own the farm.

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-We'd put in the investment

-without seeing a return.

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-That wouldn't just mean

-having to spend on a slurry pit...

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-..but also that less money

-would come into the farm.

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-We'd have to reduce

-the size of the herd...

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-..because we wouldn't be able

-to cut as much grass.

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-After two years

-of poor milk prices...

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-..there's not much money

-left in reserve...

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-..so it'll be quite tough

-to start off.

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-It's happening in Ireland

-at the moment. How are they coping?

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-They're saying

-it's not working very well.

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-Before the closed period, they all

-want to take the slurry out...

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-..and empty the pits before winter.

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-They're busy putting it out

-24 hours a day almost...

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-..when the time is right.

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-Before the closed period.

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-It shows

-that before the closed period...

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-..when it is open...

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-..there's a spike in the amount

-of nitrates going into the river.

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-For me, that's common sense.

-It's going to happen.

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-Everyone wants to take slurry out

-at the same time.

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-Natural Resources Wales is one body

-which assesses water pollution.

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-Our role

-is to show which waters fail.

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-Then we give the evidence

-to the government.

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-How serious

-is the situation in Wales?

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-In terms of nitrates in the water...

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-..some waters fail...

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-..which has a damaging effect

-on the environment.

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-Of course,

-it is damaging to wildlife.

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-Where the blue-green algae grows...

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-..it can be dangerous for people

-and wildlife who drink that water.

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-If the regulations come into force,

-what would it mean for farmers?

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-There are many things

-in the consultation.

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-It's likely that every farm

-which rears cattle...

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-..would have to store slurry for

-at least five months of the year.

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-There'd also be a period...

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-..where they wouldn't be allowed

-to spread slurry in the fields.

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-As well as that...

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-..there'd be a limit on how much

-nitrogen can be emitted in a year.

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-That will depend

-not just on the slurry...

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-..but the inorganic nitrogen

-fertilizer that's brought in too.

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-Maybe a record will have to be kept

-of how much goes in each field.

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-By having an opening and closing

-period when you can spread slurry...

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-..couldn't it worsen

-the situation...

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-..and mean that more slurry

-is used in those periods?

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-We'll have to look at that

-if it comes in.

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-I don't disagree with you.

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-But with a limit on how much

-can be used in every field...

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-..it might control the situation.

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-Rhys James and his family farm

-400 acres on Clarbeston Grange...

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-..around eight miles

-from Broadmoor Farm.

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-Eleven years ago, they got support

-from the government...

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-..to be part of a pilot scheme to

-reduce nitrate levels in the water.

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-Money was available

-to build fences on the riverbank...

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-..install water troughs

-in the fields...

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-..and to undertake soil sampling

-on the farm.

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-This information showed...

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-..that the levels of P and K,

-phosphate and potash...

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-..was correct on the land.

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-I could save money

-by only using straight nitrogen.

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-There was also money available

-to improve the yard...

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-..and to install drains...

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-..to keep clean water

-separate from the dirty water.

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-After making changes,

-did you notice a difference?

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-There was less pollution

-in the river...

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-..and the amount of nitrates

-had reduced.

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-So, in my opinion, it did work.

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-Is the government's

-targeted treatment the answer?

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-I don't think so.

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-The government wants to put

-most of Pembrokeshire in these NVZs.

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-This will affect everyone

-associated with farmers...

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-..in Pembrokeshire.

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-So what's the answer?

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-A more targeted approach.

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-Going to farms

-and implementing more schemes...

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-..like

-the Catchment Sensitive scheme...

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-..which came into being in 2005.

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-This consultation

-closes on 23 December.

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-To contribute,

-visit the government's website...

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-..or write to them.

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-It's important

-that everyone responds...

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-..so the government has a

-full picture of the implications...

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-..regarding the danger of nitrates

-to the industry...

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-..and to the countryside in general.

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-In the end, we all want clean water

-to flow into the river.

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-No-one wants to cause pollution

-or anything like that.

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-We need to work with the government

-to make it better.

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-Have some common sense,

-not go by the calendar...

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-..but farm according to the weather.

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-Back in Ruthin, everyone's waiting

-for the competitions to begin.

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-There's some last-minute activity

-to ensure the stock look their best.

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-Two heifers.

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-A Limousin reared at home

-and a Charolais that I bought.

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-The standard of the stock

-is very high.

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-Winning any sort of prize

-is good enough.

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-From what I've seen, the standard

-is high, like it is every year.

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-I have a young steer and a heifer.

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-They're both Lims.

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-I competed here last year.

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-I'm not sure if I was here

-the previous year.

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-I've been coming

-for seven or eight years.

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-It's a nice hobby. I enjoy doing it.

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-I say every year I'm going

-to give it up but I stick with it.

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-One man who looks forward

-every year to the event...

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-..is the Ruthin mart

-managing director, Glyn Owens.

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-It's one of the best shows

-in North Wales.

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-It's greatly anticipated every year.

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-A lot of people come.

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-By the end of the evening,

-around 300-400 people will be here.

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-It's a social event

-and it's also our Christmas fair.

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-# This is my child #

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-As well as competitions,

-there's singing too.

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-Yes.

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-We've decided to hold an

-evening of carol singing with RABI.

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-RABI is a charity

-which helps people in great need.

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-We as a company think

-that a social event like this...

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-..where people can have

-an evening out is important too.

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-RABI is important financially to

-help families who are in difficulty.

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-RABI is a charity which gives

-support to the farming industry.

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-This year, more people

-have been asking for support.

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-Linda Jones

-is RABI's manager in Wales.

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-The last two or three years

-have been challenging.

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-That's why more working farmers

-have been asking for help.

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-It's good that they've done that

-because that's our purpose.

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-We've existed for 156 years

-in order to benefit farmers.

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-In Wales...

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-..we've given out

-225,000 in grants.

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-Almost 90,000 has gone to farmers

-who are still working.

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-That's a high percentage.

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-But we exist to help people.

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-Cash flow is the problem

-for farmers.

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-We can't pay the business' bills...

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-..but we can pay

-for everything in the home.

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-The difficulty is getting people

-to phone and ask for help.

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-They'd rather stay awake at night

-worrying...

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-..than phone the charity for help.

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-It's crucial too...

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-..that I remind everyone

-that our work is confidential.

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-We don't receive any grants.

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-We have to raise around 2.5 million

-a year between England and Wales.

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-People give of their time

-very generously.

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-We appreciate all the help we get

-from our county committees.

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-Without them, it would be

-very difficult to raise money.

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-# One star was important to me #

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-Back to the competitions...

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-..where a large crowd gathered

-to see the cattle and sheep.

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-In the sheep section,

-Arwel Evans and his son Dyfan...

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-..from Pendre Fawr Farm

-won with their butchers' lambs.

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-We got first and second in the trim.

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-We won the supreme championship.

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-We're happy.

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-It's our sixth win in a row.

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-Out of ten, I've lost once.

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-That's bound to come to an end.

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-I don't feel like I'm going to win.

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-It gets harder every year.

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-There were very good lambs here

-today.

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-In the steer section,

-in a strong competition...

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-..E Lloyd from Garthiaen Farm,

-Llandrillo, took the honours.

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-The winning heifer

-was Black Beaut...

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-..owned by Tudur Edwards,

-Brithdir Farm.

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-They went on to win

-Supreme Champion.

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-The Champion goes to Tudur Edwards.

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-Gwanwyn Rowlands

-won Reserve Champion.

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-The Reserve Champion goes to

-Gwanwyn Rowlands. Congratulations.

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-You can't get any better.

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-She won the Home Bred Heifer class,

-then champion heifer...

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-..then she won

-the show's main prize.

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-We're very proud.

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-She's home-bred.

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-We're proud of her.

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-We hadn't won here for a few years.

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-We won Reserve Champion a few times.

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-It's nice to go one step further.

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-It's one of the shows I've wanted

-to win since I was a child.

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-It's nice to win here.

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-That's it for now.

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-After the break,

-Alun will be in St Fagans...

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-..seeing how they run the farm

-from day to day...

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-..and at the same time,

-educate the public.

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-See you in a minute.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-Welcome back to Ffermio

-and to Ruthin mart.

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-There has never been more call...

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-..for farmers to be spokespeople

-for the industry...

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-..to explain where food comes from,

-how animals are kept...

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-..and the role of the farmer

-in the process.

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-One place that succeeds

-in educating people of all ages...

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-..about agriculture...

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-..is one of Wales'

-most popular attractions.

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-St Fagans National History Museum

-was created as an open-air site...

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-..to celebrate the traditions

-and crafts of Welsh life.

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-In addition to

-all the historical attractions...

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-..the museum also boasts a 300-acre

-working farm with a range of breeds.

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-The farm manager is Brian Davies.

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-The farm has been here for years.

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-We keep traditional breeds here.

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-We have Welsh Black cattle...

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-..Llanwenog sheep, Black Welsh

-Mountain sheep, Hill Radnors...

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-..and Welsh Pigs.

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-We show people

-the old native breeds.

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-It's ideal for them to be kept here.

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-Visitors come here

-from all over the world.

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-It's such a popular attraction.

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-I've spoken to people

-from Australia and New Zealand.

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-They come from France

-and around the world.

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-We complain that children and

-young people still aren't sure...

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-..about the origin

-of milk and meat.

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-This makes a difference.

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-This makes a difference.

-

-A big difference.

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-We have milked by hand here.

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-Some children don't understand

-where the milk comes from.

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-They see it going into the bucket

-and can feel that it's still warm.

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-You have to be

-a rather special person.

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-You're not just a farmer,

-you're also a communicator.

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-That's right.

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-If we're shearing

-or testing for TB...

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-..we do it on the farm

-in Llwyn yr Eos.

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-People can see what is happening and

-they're welcome to ask questions.

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-We can explain what we are doing

-and why, no matter what it is.

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-Give us some idea

-of your schedule over the year.

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-Is the lead-up to Christmas

-a quiet time for you?

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-It has become quieter

-but there's always plenty to do.

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-We have to supply the firewood...

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-..for the open fires

-in all the buildings here.

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-The stock still has to be fed

-and looked after every day.

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-You rely on the public.

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-It's communication once again,

-helping people to understand.

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-We show people what we do.

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-Anyone can see what happens here.

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-We explain that some of the meat

-from our stock...

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-..is sold to butchers...

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-..and some is used

-in the restaurants at the museum.

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-How do people respond?

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-On the whole,

-they respond very well.

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-Some people don't agree

-with what we do...

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-..but most people understand

-that we can't keep stock forever.

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-We're a working farm

-and we need to pay our way.

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-You've raised an important point.

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-You don't keep them forever.

-They are bred for slaughter.

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-How do young children

-react to that idea?

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-Most children

-are fine with the idea.

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-A few of them aren't very happy

-but that's the way it is.

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-The farm at St Fagans...

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-..conveniently situated

-on the outskirts of Cardiff...

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-..has a central role to play...

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-..in educating young people

-about the origins of their food.

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-Every farmer has the chance

-to promote the industry...

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-..through farming unions.

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-NFU Cymru has launched...

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-..a Welsh-language education pack

-for primary schools.

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-This resource is the result of a

-collaboration between NFU Cymru...

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-..and FACE

-- Farming And Countryside Education.

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-The launch was held at Builth Wells

-County Primary School...

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-..but why is a resource like this

-needed?

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-Welcome to Builth Wells School.

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-We know that food and farming

-are essential to Wales.

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-The sector is worth 6 billion

-to Wales.

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-Today we just want to

-demonstrate its importance...

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-..and try to persuade the pupils

-to show an interest in the subject.

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-In the future we hope some of them

-will consider a career in farming.

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-Key to the success of the launch...

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-..was the presence of Welsh

-Education Secretary Kirsty Williams.

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-It's important children

-have an understanding...

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-..of where food comes from,

-how we produce food...

0:20:070:20:10

-..and the role farming plays

-in the Welsh economy...

0:20:100:20:13

-..and in protecting the environment.

0:20:140:20:16

-The children

-are having an amazing time.

0:20:160:20:19

-As well as learning about farming...

0:20:190:20:21

-..they are developing

-literacy and numeracy skills.

0:20:210:20:25

-It's great to have

-these resources available.

0:20:250:20:28

-One farmer who acknowledges

-the importance of the resource...

0:20:290:20:33

-..is Hedd Pugh, Chairman

-of NFU Cymru's Rural Affairs.

0:20:330:20:37

-I've spent

-a fantastic morning here...

0:20:370:20:40

-..with pupils of

-Builth Wells Primary School.

0:20:400:20:43

-I'm here as a farmer.

0:20:440:20:46

-I've been explaining to the children

-what happens at home on the farm.

0:20:460:20:50

-The response from the children

-has been fantastic.

0:20:510:20:55

-Well done!

0:20:550:20:56

-It's a very useful pack

-for us to use in school.

0:20:560:21:00

-It includes different resources...

0:21:010:21:05

-..for art, numeracy and literacy.

0:21:050:21:07

-There are cross-curricular

-resources for geography.

0:21:070:21:11

-It can be expanded and adapted

-to suit the children in the class.

0:21:120:21:16

-It's very important.

0:21:160:21:18

-Obviously we live

-in a farming area...

0:21:190:21:21

-..but not every child here comes

-from an agricultural background.

0:21:210:21:26

-It's a great way for us to introduce

-how food is produced to the pupils.

0:21:260:21:30

-It's important that it's in Welsh.

0:21:300:21:32

-As a teacher in the Welsh stream

-I know resources are scarce...

0:21:320:21:36

-..so this is great.

0:21:360:21:38

-The all-important question is,

-what do the pupils think about it?

0:21:420:21:47

-The NFU came here...

0:21:480:21:50

-..and taught us

-how important farmers are to us...

0:21:500:21:56

-..and how our food is produced.

0:21:560:22:00

-We did farming maths...

0:22:000:22:05

-..and we learned how to make buns...

0:22:060:22:11

-..and about the flour needed for

-farmers to make things like that.

0:22:110:22:16

-I like learning about farming...

0:22:170:22:22

-..and different things.

0:22:220:22:24

-I help on the farm.

0:22:250:22:27

-I like pigs.

0:22:280:22:30

-When I go to see them

-I can give them a cwtch.

0:22:300:22:35

-Before we go...

0:22:400:22:41

-..the Secretary for Environment and

-Rural Affairs Lesley Griffiths...

0:22:410:22:46

-..has announced

-enhanced biosecurity requirements...

0:22:460:22:50

-..for poultry and captive birds...

0:22:500:22:53

-..in an attempt to protect them

-from a strain of avian flu...

0:22:530:22:57

-..that is spreading

-across mainland Europe.

0:22:570:23:00

-The zone includes the whole of Wales

-and will be in place for 30 days.

0:23:000:23:04

-Keepers of poultry

-and other captive birds...

0:23:050:23:08

-..must keep birds indoors...

0:23:080:23:10

-..or take appropriate steps to keep

-them separate from wild birds.

0:23:100:23:15

-Owners should reinforce biosecurity

-measures on their property.

0:23:150:23:19

-That's all for this week.

-Thank you for joining us.

0:23:210:23:24

-We hope to see you again next week.

0:23:240:23:27

-Goodbye.

0:23:270:23:28

-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

0:23:450:23:47

-.

0:23:470:23:48

Bydd Daloni yn ymweld a sioe amaethyddol Nadoligaidd o wartheg a defaid yn Rhuthun. Daloni visits a cattle and sheep Christmas show in Ruthin and Alun is at the farm in St Fagans.


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