Yr wythnos hon bydd Alun yn ymweld a'r efeilliaid Sion a Hanna Thomas ar Fferm Drysgolgoch yn Sir Benfro. Alun visits twins Sion and Hanna Thomas on Drysgolgoch Farm in Pembroke...
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-Hello and welcome to Ffermio.
-In the countryside at the moment...
-..signs of the change in season
-September is the time to reap.
-I'm at Drysgolgoch Farm,
-Here, they have invested heavily
-in a milking system...
-..in order to welcome the next
-generation home from college.
-The best possible harvest.
-now the school holidays are over...
-..Daloni meets workers
-from the tourism industry...
-..to hear about their harvest
-We also meet Dewi Evans
-from Rhosgoch near Whitland...
-..a multi-talented man.
-"Challenging" is one way
-to describe the dairy sector...
-..over the past two years.
-But many young people
-about to enter the industry...
-..believe it has a promising future.
-I've come to meet twins
-who are confident about the future.
-Drysgolgoch Farm, Llwyndrain...
-..has been a familiar name in
-agricultural circles for decades.
-This is due to the high standard of
-their Shorthorn and Limousin cattle.
-A new generation, Sion and Hanna,
-are ready to take over the reins...
-..with a new vision of how to build
-on the success of their parents.
-I'm going to start by asking
-a question I don't ask everyone.
-Does that mean
-you work together well...
-..and can always rely on each other?
-I think I can say...
-..we supported each other
-through school and college.
-We went our separate ways
-We can work together.
-Being the same age
-we went through things together.
-We took our driving tests
-at the same time.
-Through things like that,
-we've developed a relationship.
-We've been able
-to bring that back to the farm.
-Your parents must be pleased you can
-work together and also with them.
-It makes the business of farming
-There are plenty of obstacles
-facing the industry.
-If we can get on, it will make
-life easier in the long run.
-There have been plenty of changes
-at Drysgolgoch recently.
-Seimon and Eleanor,
-the twins' parents...
-..have installed a 70-point
-rotary milking parlour...
-..and have built new sheds.
-They milk 650 cattle.
-As part of his degree course
-at Harper Adams...
-..Sion worked for a year
-in New Zealand.
-He's delighted to return
-to home turf.
-Milking takes about two hours with
-the new system. It's much easier.
-The cattle are back in the field
-within the hour.
-The cattle are happier.
-They have time to rest
-during the day.
-It makes a big difference.
-the cattle were on their feet...
-..for four hours or more
-All that standing around
-wasn't good for the cows.
-Now they can eat faster,
-they have more time to lie-down...
-..and they produce more milk.
-I've noticed another development
-on the farm.
-All the cows are wearing collars.
-We use the collars for breeding.
-They are a great help.
-They separate the cows automatically
-as they go into the parlour.
-My father and I
-do all the breeding together.
-How does the Shorthorn perform
-compared to some other breeds?
-Why do you stick with this breed?
-They sustain themselves well.
-They can walk long distances.
-They graze well and have
-a good milk yield from grazing.
-They only need a ton each
-of additional feed over the year.
-On the whole, they're very good.
-This one's come to tell us
-her opinion about the new system!
-You know her?
-We took her to a show in Carmarthen
-when she was a calf.
-are busy calving at the moment.
-Hanna and mum Eleanor are
-responsible for feeding the calves.
-Hanna will soon return
-to Aberystwyth University...
-her agriculture degree.
-At this year's Royal Welsh Show...
-..she won a scholarship that will
-help her continue her studies.
-My main responsibility on the farm
-is looking after the calves.
-I also look after the paperwork...
-..in addition to my part-time work
-with Agri Angels...
-..who've introduced us
-to the system of farm paperwork...
-..using a computer.
-I've expanded on that
-and also do the paperwork here.
-You're still at college.
-You're still at college.
-You're in your final year.
-Will you come home full-time
-after that? What are your plans?
-My ambition is to find a part-time
-job and help as much as I can here.
-Sion will be here full-time.
-I thought if I could find
-..I could widen
-my knowledge and understanding...
-..and transfer my new skills
-to the farm.
-How important is it and what do
-you think of this opportunity?
-Your parents have built up
-such a good business.
-You now have the chance
-to be part of that at an early age.
-It's great that Mam and Dad
-think about the future.
-Agriculture can be slow to change.
-They have looked to the future...
-..and have modernized
-and invested in technology.
-It isn't always easy for them
-but it's easier for us...
-we'll be able to teach them.
-With so much going on at the farm...
-..Seimon and Eleanor are happy
-to have Sion and Hanna...
-..to share the responsibilities.
-How big a decision
-was this investment?
-How much were you influenced
-by the twins' desire...
-..to be part of the business?
-It was a big factor.
-If it weren't for the twins...
-..we wouldn't have invested
-so much money in the set-up.
-It was time to do something.
-We had increased
-the number of cattle.
-When we started, Eleanor and I
-had 47 cattle. That was in 1994.
-We had expanded to 600 cattle.
-We were spending too much time
-in the old parlour.
-Milking was taking
-almost 12 hours per day.
-I was up by 2.30am...
-..and by the afternoon,
-I would feel the effects.
-couldn't cope with the strain.
-We needed to do something
-to improve the system...
-..to make things easier
-and to speed up the work.
-You talk a lot
-about the need to change.
-Are you the kind of people
-who can cope with new technology?
-Some of your new equipment
-is incredibly complex.
-the children are young...
-..and can understand
-this new technology.
-get things up and running.
-They taught us
-how to use everything.
-This forward-thinking family
-is taking care of business today...
-..and ensuring that the farm
-will thrive in the future.
-and how valuable is it to you...
-..that the twins
-have decided to come home...
-..and be part of your business?
-It's very important.
-needs its young people living there.
-Agriculture and tourism
-are the only industries we have.
-I'm sure it's great to have
-good company around the farm.
-It's lovely to work
-with the two of them.
-They make our lives easier.
-There have been complaints
-..that the older generation
-doesn't give young people a chance.
-The situation here
-is very different.
-I feel very lucky
-and I'm sure Hanna feels the same.
-We're fortunate to have
-the resources and the set-up here...
-..and to be in a position
-to keep going.
-Hopefully, we'll be able
-to continue the farm's success.
-That's the end of part one.
-Join us after the break...
-..when we'll look at the state
-of the Welsh tourism industry...
-..and meet a trotting horse breeder.
-See you in two minutes.
-These days, Wales is open
-to visitors throughout the year.
-According to the Welsh Government...
-..tourism is worth 8.7 billion
-a year to the economy.
-It's no surprise that businesses
-and rural communities...
-..take advantage of the chance to
-boost their income by diversifying.
-The recent summer weather
-has been unpredictable...
-..up and down,
-with no two days the same.
-Despite that, the majority of people
-who provide holidays...
-..say it has been a good season.
-Philip and Teleri Hughes live here
-in Coed-y-Ceirw near Llanrwst.
-They farm in Cwmlanerch,
-on the family farm...
-..which is about two miles from
-here, and nearer to Betws y Coed.
-There's a caravan park
-and tents on the farm...
-..and Philip and Teleri
-have a business - Betws Cottages.
-We started almost 20 years ago...
-..by restoring a farmhouse
-in Nebo near Llanrwst.
-We have four houses now.
-What do visitors look for
-Generally, the standard has risen
-in self-catering holiday homes.
-People expect the highest standards
-..which is, of course, right.
-Do you feel that the area
-draws people here too?
-We're very lucky to live
-in this beautiful area of Snowdonia.
-But also, in recent years, many
-adventure activities have opened...
-..which are very popular
-Do you think the four cottages
-on your farming land...
-..provide a unique experience for
-the people who come here to stay?
-Yes, people like to think they're
-coming here to stay on a farm...
-..and see the sheep in the field...
-..and perhaps the boys working,
-herding the sheep.
-Are you glad
-that you've diversified?
-These days, farming's up and down.
-So it's good
-to have some extra income.
-Over 40 years have gone by...
-..since Rob and Liz Owen diversified
-on their farm, Cae-cethin...
-..in Llanfair, near Harlech.
-I started doing quarry tours in 1973
-with my mother and father.
-I worked there for years.
-Then I saw that we needed something
-The little ones didn't really want
-to go underground.
-As we had the farm...
-..I thought we'd start
-with little animals.
-So we started on a small scale.
-We've been doing it
-for over 20 years...
-..and it just developed from there.
-What do you show in the quarry?
-The holes where they quarried
-It has been closed since 1906.
-They walk back from the top
-down to the little animals here.
-There are little rabbits for them.
-The children love cuddling them.
-How much farming
-do you do these days?
-We keep beef cattle.
-We buy store cattle in Dolgellau
-and then we sell them on.
-Why is tourism so important
-in this part of the world?
-It brings another income
-into the farms.
-There are a lot of young people
-in the farms around here.
-They want to carry on.
-They want to make a living.
-You can't take a picture
-of that view...
-..and tell the bank manager
-it will pay the mortgage.
-You have to do something,
-so we diversify.
-The majority of the farms
-around here do something.
-What sort of summer
-has it been this year?
-It has been a busy summer.
-One of the busiest
-we've had for a long while.
-It hasn't been beach weather...
-..so we've taken advantage of that.
-Although lots of tourists
-have been around this year...
-..because of the cuts
-to local authorities' budgets...
-..some worry that services
-are going to be reduced.
-There's always concern
-when something like this happens.
-We must make the most of tourism.
-Tourists strengthen the economy...
-..here in Conwy
-and in every other county in Wales.
-In 2015, the contribution
-the tourism sector made to Conwy...
-..was five per cent higher
-than it was in 2014.
-So we do see the rural economy
-increasing each and every year.
-How important is tourism to
-the agriculture sector in this area?
-Very important, to be honest.
-When you think that in Conwy...
-..there are 70,000 beds
-where people can stay.
-A lot of those are on the coast, but
-a lot of them are in rural areas.
-Farmers and agriculturalists
-have diversified into tourism.
-contribute to the economy.
-Over 800 million came in to
-the rural economy of Conwy in 2015.
-Tourism and agriculture go hand in
-hand in a rural county like Conwy.
-has promoted the country...
-..as a good place for adventure
-the focus will be on mythology.
-And because the value of the pound
-..foreign visitors have more money
-when they come here at the moment.
-there's a very positive future.
-There are more people coming here
-for different reasons.
-And many come from abroad
-these days, which is a good thing.
-I think we give
-a really good Welsh welcome to them.
-There are more people
-about this year.
-With the problems
-in other countries...
-..people are thinking twice
-about going elsewhere.
-If we can keep them
-coming to Wales, we'll be OK.
-They'll come, year in year out.
-We have everything they want.
-From the coast, up to the mountains
-- everything. They can't go wrong.
-A rural activity that has increased
-considerably in its popularity...
-..is harness racing.
-And Dewi Evans has had another
-wonderful season this year.
-Red Roses, near Whitland...
-..is the home of Dewi
-and his wife Helen...
-..and their daughters
-Bethan and Catrin.
-Dewi has been breeding horses for
-harness racing for seven years...
-..on the border between
-Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire.
-I was brought up in Cefneithin
-in the Gwendraeth Valley...
-..in a street of houses with
-no connection with farming at all.
-My main interest was animals.
-So I became friends with
-the sons of farmers in school...
-..and I would go over
-on weekends and summer holidays...
-..to help them on the farm
-with getting the hay in and milking.
-When I finished school,
-I only wanted to be a farmer.
-So I went to college and worked
-on farms in the Gwendraeth area.
-Two or three years later,
-I rented a place in Porthyrhyd...
-..and we bought a few calves.
-A couple of calves
-became more calves...
-..and in 1996,
-we moved down here to Red Roses.
-It has increased from there.
-My interest in harness racing
-came out of the blue...
-..through going on the weekend
-to see races and watching it on TV.
-I went up to see a friend in Brecon
-and told him I was interested...
-..and he said he had a friend
-who was selling one.
-By the end of the afternoon...
-..I'd bought a horse,
-two carts and a harness.
-And then that wasn't fast enough -
-I wanted a faster one.
-Then I bought the mare
-I had a lot of fun with that one.
-And when she came
-to the end of her racing days...
-..I decided to use her for breeding.
-She produced My Amazing Grace.
-We've had a very good season.
-I've done better than I'd expected.
-My Amazing Grace
-has done enough for this year.
-She has gone from a nursery grade,
-up to a novice...
-..and that was better
-than I'd expected.
-to the harness racing horses...
-..Dewi has 12 ponies and Welsh Cobs.
-He also keeps a flock
-of 250 Cheviot-cross sheep...
-..and he also breeds Jersey calves.
-he won the Western Mail prize...
-..for the best Welsh Young Farmer
-We decided to keep sheep when
-we first came down here in 1996.
-The place had a sheep quota.
-To be honest,
-I'd never worked with sheep...
-..just dairy and suckler cattle.
-I had to learn through experience
-and do so quickly...
-..with lambing and handling sheep.
-We started off with Lleyn sheep.
-They were pure.
-Lambing outside in March
-was a bit tough for the lambs.
-We decided to give the Lleyn ewes
-a Cheviot ram.
-They're much hardier.
-I'm sure the Lleyn chaps
-Over the years,
-I've used more of the Cheviot ram.
-We're getting a pretty good result
-with the fattened lambs.
-We started rearing male Jersey
-calves. Some thought it was funny.
-We saw there was a market
-for Jersey bulls...
-..to use on the heifers.
-There are farms where the value
-of their cattle is so high...
-..they don't want to lose heifers
-They use a Jersey bull to make
-calving much easier for heifers.
-They give birth in the morning...
-..and are back in the parlour
-in the afternoon.
-We don't keep too many as they're
-real characters when they grow up.
-Dewi also has experience
-in artificial insemination...
-..and works for Genus.
-We've just removed the semen
-from the flask.
-We put it in the water
-to thaw it out...
-..and then bring it up
-to blood temperature.
-I've come to East Lake Farm
-They keep around 700 dairy cattle.
-We're chalking the cattle today.
-When another cow
-jumps on her back...
-..the chalk comes off and we know
-she's ready for the bull.
-I've been with Genus
-since June 1989.
-I enjoy my work.
-I speak to people
-who are on my wavelength.
-They all know that I farm at home...
-we chat about what's going on.
-I get to hear about the weather...
-..and the price of milk and lambs
-many times a day.
-Over the years, the job has changed.
-Within these five square miles,
-there are around 5,000 dairy cattle.
-In years gone by,
-there would have been around 500.
-I get by quite well.
-I do a little work
-before leaving in the morning.
-I check that the stock is OK
-when I get home.
-To switch off and relax, I get
-the most pleasure from the horses.
-Seeing a foal being born and then
-seeing it stand for the first time.
-I look forward
-to seeing how it'll turn out.
-Seeing it race for the first time.
-There's no feeling
-like crossing that finishing line.
-I get them home safe and then
-I'm back to work the next day.
-That's it for this programme.
-I've really enjoyed getting to know
-the Drysgolgoch family...
-..and their Shorthorn cattle.
-Next week, we have
-a special programme for you...
-..from the International
-..that were held in Tywyn
-over the weekend.
-We look forward
-to having your company then.
-from me, the Ffermio team...
-..and this little one, goodbye.
-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.
Yr wythnos hon bydd Alun yn ymweld a'r efeilliaid Sion a Hanna Thomas ar Fferm Drysgolgoch yn Sir Benfro. Alun visits twins Sion and Hanna Thomas on Drysgolgoch Farm in Pembrokeshire.