Meinir sy'n clywed am effaith y gaeaf gwlypaf ar gofnod ar ein pridd. Meinir finds out how the wettest winter on record has affected soil quality and visits a farm sale at Pende...
Browse content similar to Mon, 13 Jun 2016. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!
-Hello and welcome to Ffermio
-from Rhug Estate near Corwen...
-..where 75 acres have been set aside
-for all kinds of demonstrations.
-There are 26 different
-machinery companies here.
-There are 80 commercial stands
-hoping to greet 5,000 visitors.
-Royal Welsh Grassland Event 2016.
-Meinir will be at a pedigree
-Holstein cattle sale...
-..in Llanon, Carmarthenshire.
-Daloni meets one the NFU's youngest
-employees back at his family farm.
-First, Meinir's visit in May
-to Abernac farm, Lledrod...
-..about a Farm Connect event about
-producing feedstuff for stock...
-..after the wettest winter
-Meirion Jones and family
-have a 350-acre beef and sheep farm.
-Like many farmers...
-..he's concerned how the wet
-conditions will harm his business.
-It has made a difference
-because it's been cold and wet.
-It's very different from December
-when it was quite mild.
-We said then that we'd
-be paying for it later.
-We've just entered May...
-..and in the last couple of days
-things have started improving.
-The ground is wet. We've had so much
-rain and it can't drain away.
-The ground can only absorb so much.
-I have nothing to hide -
-like every other farmer.
-I have some good fields
-and some problem fields.
-I hope the expert today can give me
-some tips to improve the problems.
-It's the same for all farmers.
-Farming Connect have set up
-a number of events at the farm...
-on the state of the ground.
-Lisa Roberts is a Farming Connect
-Red Meat Technical Officer.
-Today's event is designed
-to address the problems...
-..arising from the very wet winter
-we had in 2015.
-We'll look at how to restore
-the earth, grass and crops.
-We'll look at how the earth has
-been impacted and how to restore it.
-We'll also look at controlling
-nutrition in the soil and reseeding.
-Today's expert has already been
-around the farm analysing the land.
-His name is Charlie Morgan.
-We had to take soil samples
-We needed to see
-if the important ingredients...
-..such as lime and phosphates,
-were still there.
-When you get the samples back...
-..you need to know
-what to do with the results.
-Farming Connect helps people out
-with lots of grants at the moment.
-80% is available to help them
-get what they need.
-The farmer should also go out
-armed with a shovel.
-You can inspect the earth and
-work out where problems can arise.
-You want to see a consistency
-of colour down to the subsoil.
-You want to see deep-set roots.
-No standing water.
-You want to see holes with air
-in them and where the cracks go.
-If the cracks go across the field
-it's bad, straight down is good.
-If you dive straight into reseeding
-without soil assessment...
-..the place it has compacted may
-allow initial growth of seeds...
-..but the roots
-won't find any deeper purchase.
-When the sun comes out
-you'll find a drought.
-What's your advice on that?
-If you're intent on reseeding...
-..you need to turn to aerators
-..to improve the soil
-before you start.
-What's your main message today?
-Don't be afraid of soil samples.
-They aren't expensive.
-You have to look at the lime.
-Don't be afraid of spending on lime
-and using better fertilizer.
-obviously understands his field.
-After a wide-ranging discussion...
-..on soil impacting, drainage,
-control of rushes and reseeding...
-..how much do the visiting farmers
-think they've benefitted?
-He's shown us what we tend to
-neglect on our farms at home.
-We don't look hard enough
-at the quality of our soils.
-We don't assess it often enough...
-..to know what we need
-to spend on and what not.
-Grass is the cheapest source
-of stock feed.
-It stands to reason that we need to
-get the best out of our grassland.
-Days like these are crucial for the
-farmer to understand how to do that.
-It shows how important
-the soil is...
-..and the importance
-of how we treat and control it.
-That's the basis
-of profitable farming in Wales.
-days like these are very useful.
-It's been good to be able to go out
-and look at the field directly.
-It's better than relying
-on pictures in classrooms.
-Everyone who came here
-appears to be pleased.
-What was Meirion's impression
-of hosting a Farming Connect event?
-You can have the best soil
-in the country...
-..but if you don't farm it properly,
-there's no point having it.
-It's really shown me the importance
-of the soil constitution.
-The pH levels, the potash
-and the phosphates.
-It's also about the fertilizer.
-I'm only using nitrogen this year.
-It's been a huge saving for me
-after sampling a few fields.
-They told me
-I was throwing money away.
-what I normally spend...
-..I've saved around 1,000
-It depends on growth.
-As an organic farmer, I learned...
-..that the soil is meant to sustain
-itself without added chemicals.
-Grass is the best
-and cheapest feed you can get.
-Cows and sheep will eat
-the best silage you make...
-..but what they really want
-The best thing we can do is
-produce that as cheaply as possible.
-If you are interested in attending
-a Farming Connect event...
-..you can find out about them
-on their website or over the phone.
-There are only five weeks
-until the Royal Welsh at Llanelwedd.
-is the host county this year.
-This event is part of their
-fundraising drive for the show.
-Alun Jones from Llangollen
-is the man in charge.
-How long have you been
-working towards this big day?
-We've been working hard
-for over a year.
-Who have you managed to attract
-as stall holders?
-All kinds of businesses
-from all areas of agriculture.
-From the smallest to the largest
-with their very expensive machines.
-Meirionnydd is a difficult place
-to find a suitable location.
-The growth of grass happens
-quite late in the year.
-Was this a difficult place to find?
-We didn't have many places
-to choose from!
-This place is perfect.
-The Royal Welsh Grassland Event.
-What does that mean?
-We have all this machinery
-harvesting the silage.
-But also, over an area
-of more than 60 acres...
-..we have trial plots
-seeded by the company Germinal...
-..who are connected to IBERS
-That field shows a lot
-of different kinds of seeds.
-Some are very revolutionary.
-How much opportunity
-will there be...
-..for farmers to see
-these new machines in action?
-Seeing these machines in action...
-..is so much better than seeing them
-polished up and stationary.
-We don't see machines like these
-very often on family farms in Wales.
-I'll have to go home and start
-increasing the width of my gates.
-From the sunshine of Corwen
-down the A5 to Llangollen.
-Daloni has been to meet
-a passionate young farmer...
-..who has come home
-to live out his dream.
-After three years studying Law
-at Cardiff University...
-..Aled Daniel Jones
-followed his heart...
-..and returned home to Llangollen
-As well as being a farmer,
-..has also become an insurance agent
-for NFU Mutual in Wrexham.
-You work in Wrexham.
-On paper, yes,
-but I'm not often there.
-We cover around 970 kilometres.
-The whole of eastern Clwyd.
-I'm hardly ever in the office.
-I'm much more likely to be on
-a farm or at a business somewhere.
-The car has done
-a lot of miles by now.
-You didn't fancy
-a full-time role in the law.
-When the NFU job came up, it was an
-honour and a privilege to go for it.
-This is your farm.
-This is your farm.
-We're giving it a go.
-On top of your other job.
-I don't like sitting still.
-I like being busy.
-Don't tell my girlfriend
-but farming is my first love.
-I'd do it tomorrow given the chance.
-With the world as it is...
-..the option of being at home
-full-time doesn't exist.
-was born here at Bank Farm.
-It's part of the Vivod Estate
-These days, the farm is run
-by Aled's Uncle Phil.
-Aled spends every spare minute
-There are 170 acres here.
-300 sheep and 25 store cattle.
-Two years ago, Aled started a flock
-of North Country Cheviot sheep.
-You're the fourth generation
-at Bank Farm.
-Yes, my great grandfather,
-..Uncle Phil is in charge now
-and I'm here helping out.
-Things have changed over the years.
-Things have changed over the years.
-The farm has changed a lot.
-We've cut down on the cattle.
-We've moved away from Welsh Mountain
-sheep towards crossbreds.
-Hopefully, we'll soon have
-pure bred Cheviots.
-Tell me more
-about your flock of Cheviots.
-I'm very passionate about them.
-They are the breed for me.
-I want to be selling
-pure bred rams in the future.
-Was this your first purchase
-with the NFU Mutual wage packet?
-That's right. Apart from the car
-and the sheep I have nothing else.
-You have lovely sheep.
-What have you bought altogether?
-There were 25 but we lost one.
-We're left with
-24 two-year-old ewes.
-We have ten yearlings and 48 lambs.
-That takes us to nearly 80 animals
-in a year.
-Why the Cheviots?
-They are big strong animals but
-they can survive at this altitude.
-The field behind us
-is at 1,300 feet.
-I had to choose a strong breed
-that would cope up here.
-And the cattle?
-The cattle we keep aren't
-the first line of the business.
-The land wouldn't look as good
-We want the manure and it's
-nice to hear them in the winter.
-What are your plans for the future?
-I love to make plans.
-Uncle Phil wouldn't mind
-a bit less of that!
-We keep a few store cattle
-at the moment...
-..but the plan is to bring back
-pure bred Welsh Black cattle.
-They belong here.
-How do you manage to juggle
-the insurance job and the farming?
-I feel lucky to have the honour
-of working for this area.
-From the top of this land
-I can see the entire area.
-It also shows me the whole
-of my insurance catchment area.
-It's a privilege to be able
-to come back to my home area...
-..to do a job I consider
-quite important to that area.
-The rain has arrived
-all of a sudden.
-Join us after the break when I'll
-still be here at the Rhug Estate.
-Meinir will be at a farmyard sale.
-See you in two minutes.
-Welcome back to the 7,000-acre
-Rhug Estate farm near Corwen...
-..where the Royal Welsh
-Grassland Event is being held.
-The Federation of Welsh Grassland
-Societies is 50 years old this year.
-Gareth Davies is the chair.
-The idea developed when Breconshire
-was the featured host county.
-The idea came from
-the then president, John Davies...
-..and his chairman Rob Powell...
-..to stage a Royal Welsh Grassland
-Event at Pentre, Merthyr Cynog.
-It all started because grass is the
-cheapest form of food production...
-..as far as conversion into weight
-gain or where milk is concerned.
-We wanted to bring all sectors of
-the grassland societies together...
-..plus those involved in grassing,
-to show what we could do in Wales.
-It's a big year
-for the grassland societies.
-It's the Federation's
-Everything started back in 1966...
-..with the ideas
-of a number of pioneers.
-We have to thank
-those people today...
-..as to what we now achieve
-from grassland production.
-It looks like being
-a very successful day.
-The Federation is also part of this.
-We've got a presence here
-and I'd say it's an excellent site.
-The committee have put together
-an excellent show.
-The number of people
-who've come here...
-it's something that's needed.
-Well done to Meirionnydd
-for putting on an excellent event.
-Meinir went to West Wales...
-..to meet one farmer who has had
-enough of the current situation.
-Because of his personal health,
-as well as the low price of milk...
-..he has changed direction
-It's a big day for Alun
-and Mandy Owens from Llannon.
-They have decided to quit milking
-and sell the Penderi pedigree herd.
-This is a highly unusual auction as
-it's all happening here on the farm.
-Alun has been milking
-and keeping pigs...
-...on the 165 acre farm
-all his life.
-But because of ill health,
-Alun and Mandy...
-..are selling the 150 Holsteins
-and most of the farm's equipment.
-What are your hopes for today?
-We just hope the sale goes well.
-Then, after the sale...
-..we hope we can still
-work on the farm...
-..but with less pressure on Alun.
-Things can change, and they have to.
-Things can change, and they have to.
-To make things easier, I installed
-a new parlour eleven years ago.
-I'd love to keep going,
-but what comes first?
-Your health or your work?
-I know which I've chosen.
-I've got two discs
-in the base of my spine.
-They want to operate on them,
-either freeze them or take them out.
-Some days, I'm fine,
-but other days, I can't move.
-Worse than that now,
-the pain has moved lower down.
-It's time to change direction.
-It's time to change direction.
-Yes, we have to.
-I'm sure milk prices have had
-some influence on your decision.
-Milk prices have been low
-for the past two years.
-I'm getting the same price now
-as I was getting 30 years ago.
-Where's the sense in that?
-In order to generate extra income,
-Alun diversified eleven years ago.
-He started a hog roasting business,
-and now roasts around 100 a year.
-The pigs are already here.
-We slaughter them in Maesteg
-and bring them back with us.
-We roast at least one a week.
-I can be out five times a week.
-The smallest party I've done
-was for 15 people.
-The biggest so far is for 750,
-but I have one this year for 1,000.
-How much difference has the business
-made to the farm's income?
-With milk prices as they are...
-..I couldn't have survived
-or paid the bills.
-The hog roast business
-is a big help.
-How much value
-does roasting the pigs add?
-The pig I have today was worth 70,
-and it cost 30 to slaughter it.
-Today, it will feed 400 people.
-I charge 3.50 per roll...
-..so you do the maths.
-I earn more
-from a Saturday night hog roast...
-..than I do milking cows in a week.
-are unusual events these days.
-With the sun shining,
-a strong crowd has gathered...
-..to show support
-and to land a bargain or two.
-The standard is very high here.
-It's nice to see a crowd
-turning up to support Alun.
-He works hard
-and deserves every praise.
-I've bought a couple.
-I'm trying to find a haulier.
-It's not far!
-I'm not sure whether
-to walk them or put them in a box.
-We've come from Garn-swllt
-and we've bought a log cutter.
-A saw bench.
-Did you get a bargain?
-Did you get a bargain?
-I'd say so.
-It's a sad day,
-another local dairy farm gone...
-..with the cost of milk as it is.
-It's a great shame...
-..seeing farms that have been
-milking for years giving up.
-My husband told me
-to buy a calf, which I did.
-The calf's mother
-is from our herd's lineage.
-It's important that you buy
-when there's a local auction.
-My father used to say
-if there was a local sale...
-..you have to buy something
-to get your name in the book.
-One of the auctioneers
-is John Eirian Davies...
-..from Bob Jones Prytherch.
-It must be unusual for you to hold
-an auction on a farm these days.
-It's more work, compared
-to getting herds into the mart.
-But it brings the community together
-and people have come from afar.
-How were the prices generally?
-Dairy cattle are hard, on the whole.
-Older cows not in calf
-were tricky so sell.
-Younger cows sold fairly well.
-Up to 1,200
-for recently-calved heifers.
-Have you seen an increase
-in herds being sold off...
-..as a result of milk prices?
-Herds have been sold off
-in parts of England.
-It's the first big herd to go
-to market in South West Wales.
-We're going to be very busy now
-for about six weeks.
-After weeks of preparation...
-..what were Alun and Mandy's
-impressions of the auction?
-It was full of people.
-Relaxing, having a chat,
-eating our hog roast.
-It was like a day out.
-Not Tenby, but Penderi.
-What's next for Alun and Mandy?
-We've started already.
-We've got a few stables for livery.
-I'm seeing the doctor on Tuesday.
-I'm seeing a specialist to find out
-what's happening with the surgery.
-We'll see what happens after that.
-How does it feel
-to see the cows leaving?
-I felt better as the day wore on...
-..seeing so many neighbours
-There's a good chance
-I'll see a lot of them again.
-Best wishes to you
-and the whole family for the future.
-That's all for today's programme.
-Remember, there's no programme next
-week, but we'll be back on the 27th.
-at the Dinefwr Food Festival.
-If you haven't registered
-with Farming Connect yet...
-..the information centre
-will be open tonight until 10.30pm.
-You can contact them during normal
-work hours or on their website.
-So from me
-and the rest of the Ffermio team...
-..thanks for your company
-and goodbye to you all.
-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.
Meinir sy'n clywed am effaith y gaeaf gwlypaf ar gofnod ar ein pridd. Meinir finds out how the wettest winter on record has affected soil quality and visits a farm sale at Penderi, Llan-non.