Mon, 13 Jun 2016 Ffermio


Mon, 13 Jun 2016

Meinir sy'n clywed am effaith y gaeaf gwlypaf ar gofnod ar ein pridd. Meinir finds out how the wettest winter on record has affected soil quality and visits a farm sale at Pende...


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Transcript


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-Hello and welcome to Ffermio

-from Rhug Estate near Corwen...

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-..where 75 acres have been set aside

-for all kinds of demonstrations.

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-There are 26 different

-machinery companies here.

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-There are 80 commercial stands

-hoping to greet 5,000 visitors.

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-It's the

-Royal Welsh Grassland Event 2016.

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-Meinir will be at a pedigree

-Holstein cattle sale...

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-..in Llanon, Carmarthenshire.

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-Daloni meets one the NFU's youngest

-employees back at his family farm.

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-First, Meinir's visit in May

-to Abernac farm, Lledrod...

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-..about a Farm Connect event about

-producing feedstuff for stock...

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-..after the wettest winter

-in memory.

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-Meirion Jones and family

-have a 350-acre beef and sheep farm.

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-Like many farmers...

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-..he's concerned how the wet

-conditions will harm his business.

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-It has made a difference

-because it's been cold and wet.

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-It's very different from December

-when it was quite mild.

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-We said then that we'd

-be paying for it later.

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-We've just entered May...

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-..and in the last couple of days

-things have started improving.

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-The ground is wet. We've had so much

-rain and it can't drain away.

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-The ground can only absorb so much.

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-I have nothing to hide -

-like every other farmer.

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-I have some good fields

-and some problem fields.

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-I hope the expert today can give me

-some tips to improve the problems.

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-It's the same for all farmers.

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-Farming Connect have set up

-a number of events at the farm...

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-..concentrating

-on the state of the ground.

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-Lisa Roberts is a Farming Connect

-Red Meat Technical Officer.

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-Today's event is designed

-to address the problems...

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-..arising from the very wet winter

-we had in 2015.

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-We'll look at how to restore

-the earth, grass and crops.

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-We'll look at how the earth has

-been impacted and how to restore it.

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-We'll also look at controlling

-nutrition in the soil and reseeding.

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-Today's expert has already been

-around the farm analysing the land.

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-His name is Charlie Morgan.

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-We had to take soil samples

-to start.

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-We needed to see

-if the important ingredients...

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-..such as lime and phosphates,

-were still there.

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-When you get the samples back...

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-..you need to know

-what to do with the results.

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-Farming Connect helps people out

-with lots of grants at the moment.

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-80% is available to help them

-get what they need.

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-The farmer should also go out

-armed with a shovel.

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-You can inspect the earth and

-work out where problems can arise.

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-You want to see a consistency

-of colour down to the subsoil.

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-You want to see deep-set roots.

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-No standing water.

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-You want to see holes with air

-in them and where the cracks go.

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-If the cracks go across the field

-it's bad, straight down is good.

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-If you dive straight into reseeding

-without soil assessment...

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-..the place it has compacted may

-allow initial growth of seeds...

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-..but the roots

-won't find any deeper purchase.

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-When the sun comes out

-you'll find a drought.

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-What's your advice on that?

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-If you're intent on reseeding...

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-..you need to turn to aerators

-or subsoilers...

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-..to improve the soil

-before you start.

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-What's your main message today?

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-Don't be afraid of soil samples.

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-They aren't expensive.

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-You have to look at the lime.

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-Don't be afraid of spending on lime

-and using better fertilizer.

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-Charlie

-obviously understands his field.

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-After a wide-ranging discussion...

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-..on soil impacting, drainage,

-control of rushes and reseeding...

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-..how much do the visiting farmers

-think they've benefitted?

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-He's shown us what we tend to

-neglect on our farms at home.

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-We don't look hard enough

-at the quality of our soils.

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-We don't assess it often enough...

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-..to know what we need

-to spend on and what not.

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-Grass is the cheapest source

-of stock feed.

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-It stands to reason that we need to

-get the best out of our grassland.

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-Days like these are crucial for the

-farmer to understand how to do that.

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-It shows how important

-the soil is...

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-..and the importance

-of how we treat and control it.

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-That's the basis

-of profitable farming in Wales.

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-As students,

-days like these are very useful.

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-It's been good to be able to go out

-and look at the field directly.

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-It's better than relying

-on pictures in classrooms.

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-Everyone who came here

-appears to be pleased.

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-What was Meirion's impression

-of hosting a Farming Connect event?

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-You can have the best soil

-in the country...

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-..but if you don't farm it properly,

-there's no point having it.

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-It's really shown me the importance

-of the soil constitution.

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-The pH levels, the potash

-and the phosphates.

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-It's also about the fertilizer.

-I'm only using nitrogen this year.

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-It's been a huge saving for me

-after sampling a few fields.

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-They told me

-I was throwing money away.

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-Compared to

-what I normally spend...

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-..I've saved around 1,000

-on fertilizer.

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-It depends on growth.

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-As an organic farmer, I learned...

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-..that the soil is meant to sustain

-itself without added chemicals.

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-Grass is the best

-and cheapest feed you can get.

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-Cows and sheep will eat

-the best silage you make...

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-..but what they really want

-is grass.

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-The best thing we can do is

-produce that as cheaply as possible.

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-If you are interested in attending

-a Farming Connect event...

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-..you can find out about them

-on their website or over the phone.

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-There are only five weeks

-until the Royal Welsh at Llanelwedd.

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-Meirionnydd

-is the host county this year.

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-This event is part of their

-fundraising drive for the show.

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-Alun Jones from Llangollen

-is the man in charge.

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-How long have you been

-working towards this big day?

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-We've been working hard

-for over a year.

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-Who have you managed to attract

-as stall holders?

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-All kinds of businesses

-from all areas of agriculture.

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-From the smallest to the largest

-with their very expensive machines.

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-Meirionnydd is a difficult place

-to find a suitable location.

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-The growth of grass happens

-quite late in the year.

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-Was this a difficult place to find?

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-We didn't have many places

-to choose from!

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-This place is perfect.

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-The Royal Welsh Grassland Event.

-What does that mean?

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-We have all this machinery

-harvesting the silage.

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-But also, over an area

-of more than 60 acres...

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-..we have trial plots

-seeded by the company Germinal...

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-..who are connected to IBERS

-in Aberystwyth.

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-That field shows a lot

-of different kinds of seeds.

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-Some are very revolutionary.

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-How much opportunity

-will there be...

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-..for farmers to see

-these new machines in action?

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-Seeing these machines in action...

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-..is so much better than seeing them

-polished up and stationary.

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-We don't see machines like these

-very often on family farms in Wales.

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-I'll have to go home and start

-increasing the width of my gates.

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-Several times.

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-From the sunshine of Corwen

-down the A5 to Llangollen.

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-Daloni has been to meet

-a passionate young farmer...

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-..who has come home

-to live out his dream.

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-After three years studying Law

-at Cardiff University...

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-..Aled Daniel Jones

-followed his heart...

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-..and returned home to Llangollen

-to farm.

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-As well as being a farmer,

-22-year-old Aled...

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-..has also become an insurance agent

-for NFU Mutual in Wrexham.

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-You work in Wrexham.

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-On paper, yes,

-but I'm not often there.

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-We cover around 970 kilometres.

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-The whole of eastern Clwyd.

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-I'm hardly ever in the office.

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-I'm much more likely to be on

-a farm or at a business somewhere.

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-The car has done

-a lot of miles by now.

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-You didn't fancy

-a full-time role in the law.

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-Not really.

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-When the NFU job came up, it was an

-honour and a privilege to go for it.

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-This is your farm.

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-This is your farm.

-

-We're giving it a go.

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-On top of your other job.

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-I don't like sitting still.

-I like being busy.

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-Don't tell my girlfriend

-but farming is my first love.

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-I'd do it tomorrow given the chance.

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-With the world as it is...

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-..the option of being at home

-full-time doesn't exist.

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-Aled's grandfather

-was born here at Bank Farm.

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-It's part of the Vivod Estate

-near Llangollen.

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-These days, the farm is run

-by Aled's Uncle Phil.

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-Aled spends every spare minute

-helping out.

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-There are 170 acres here.

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-300 sheep and 25 store cattle.

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-Two years ago, Aled started a flock

-of North Country Cheviot sheep.

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-You're the fourth generation

-at Bank Farm.

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-Yes, my great grandfather,

-my grandfather...

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-..Uncle Phil is in charge now

-and I'm here helping out.

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-Things have changed over the years.

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-Things have changed over the years.

-

-The farm has changed a lot.

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-We've cut down on the cattle.

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-We've moved away from Welsh Mountain

-sheep towards crossbreds.

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-Hopefully, we'll soon have

-pure bred Cheviots.

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-Tell me more

-about your flock of Cheviots.

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-I'm very passionate about them.

-They are the breed for me.

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-I want to be selling

-pure bred rams in the future.

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-Was this your first purchase

-with the NFU Mutual wage packet?

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-That's right. Apart from the car

-and the sheep I have nothing else.

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-You have lovely sheep.

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-What have you bought altogether?

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-There were 25 but we lost one.

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-We're left with

-24 two-year-old ewes.

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-We have ten yearlings and 48 lambs.

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-That takes us to nearly 80 animals

-in a year.

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-Why the Cheviots?

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-They are big strong animals but

-they can survive at this altitude.

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-The field behind us

-is at 1,300 feet.

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-I had to choose a strong breed

-that would cope up here.

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-And the cattle?

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-The cattle we keep aren't

-the first line of the business.

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-The land wouldn't look as good

-without them.

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-We want the manure and it's

-nice to hear them in the winter.

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-What are your plans for the future?

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-I love to make plans.

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-Uncle Phil wouldn't mind

-a bit less of that!

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-We keep a few store cattle

-at the moment...

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-..but the plan is to bring back

-pure bred Welsh Black cattle.

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-They belong here.

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-How do you manage to juggle

-the insurance job and the farming?

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-I feel lucky to have the honour

-of working for this area.

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-From the top of this land

-I can see the entire area.

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-It also shows me the whole

-of my insurance catchment area.

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-It's a privilege to be able

-to come back to my home area...

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-..to do a job I consider

-quite important to that area.

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-The rain has arrived

-all of a sudden.

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-Join us after the break when I'll

-still be here at the Rhug Estate.

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-Meinir will be at a farmyard sale.

-See you in two minutes.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-Welcome back to the 7,000-acre

-Rhug Estate farm near Corwen...

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-..where the Royal Welsh

-Grassland Event is being held.

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-The Federation of Welsh Grassland

-Societies is 50 years old this year.

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-Gareth Davies is the chair.

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-The idea developed when Breconshire

-was the featured host county.

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-The idea came from

-the then president, John Davies...

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-..and his chairman Rob Powell...

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-..to stage a Royal Welsh Grassland

-Event at Pentre, Merthyr Cynog.

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-It all started because grass is the

-cheapest form of food production...

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-..as far as conversion into weight

-gain or where milk is concerned.

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-We wanted to bring all sectors of

-the grassland societies together...

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-..plus those involved in grassing,

-to show what we could do in Wales.

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-It's a big year

-for the grassland societies.

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-It's the Federation's

-50th anniversary.

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-Everything started back in 1966...

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-..with the ideas

-of a number of pioneers.

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-We have to thank

-those people today...

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-..as to what we now achieve

-from grassland production.

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-It looks like being

-a very successful day.

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-Absolutely.

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-The Federation is also part of this.

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-We've got a presence here

-and I'd say it's an excellent site.

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-The committee have put together

-an excellent show.

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-The number of people

-who've come here...

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-..has demonstrated

-it's something that's needed.

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-Well done to Meirionnydd

-for putting on an excellent event.

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-Last week,

-Meinir went to West Wales...

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-..to meet one farmer who has had

-enough of the current situation.

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-Because of his personal health,

-as well as the low price of milk...

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-..he has changed direction

-completely.

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-It's a big day for Alun

-and Mandy Owens from Llannon.

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-They have decided to quit milking

-and sell the Penderi pedigree herd.

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-This is a highly unusual auction as

-it's all happening here on the farm.

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-Alun has been milking

-and keeping pigs...

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-...on the 165 acre farm

-all his life.

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-But because of ill health,

-Alun and Mandy...

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-..are selling the 150 Holsteins

-and most of the farm's equipment.

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-What are your hopes for today?

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-We just hope the sale goes well.

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-Then, after the sale...

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-..we hope we can still

-work on the farm...

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-..but with less pressure on Alun.

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-Things can change, and they have to.

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-Things can change, and they have to.

-

-Yes.

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-To make things easier, I installed

-a new parlour eleven years ago.

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-I'd love to keep going,

-but what comes first?

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-Your health or your work?

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-I know which I've chosen.

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-I've got two discs

-in the base of my spine.

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-They want to operate on them,

-either freeze them or take them out.

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-Some days, I'm fine,

-but other days, I can't move.

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-Worse than that now,

-the pain has moved lower down.

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-It's time to change direction.

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-It's time to change direction.

-

-Yes, we have to.

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-I'm sure milk prices have had

-some influence on your decision.

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-Milk prices have been low

-for the past two years.

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-I'm getting the same price now

-as I was getting 30 years ago.

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-Where's the sense in that?

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-In order to generate extra income,

-Alun diversified eleven years ago.

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-He started a hog roasting business,

-and now roasts around 100 a year.

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-The pigs are already here.

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-We slaughter them in Maesteg

-and bring them back with us.

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-We roast at least one a week.

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-In summer,

-I can be out five times a week.

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-The smallest party I've done

-was for 15 people.

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-The biggest so far is for 750,

-but I have one this year for 1,000.

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-How much difference has the business

-made to the farm's income?

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-With milk prices as they are...

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-..I couldn't have survived

-or paid the bills.

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-The hog roast business

-is a big help.

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-How much value

-does roasting the pigs add?

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-The pig I have today was worth 70,

-and it cost 30 to slaughter it.

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-Today, it will feed 400 people.

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-I charge 3.50 per roll...

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-..so you do the maths.

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-I earn more

-from a Saturday night hog roast...

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-..than I do milking cows in a week.

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-Farmyard auctions

-are unusual events these days.

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-With the sun shining,

-a strong crowd has gathered...

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-..to show support

-and to land a bargain or two.

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-The standard is very high here.

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-It's nice to see a crowd

-turning up to support Alun.

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-He works hard

-and deserves every praise.

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-I've bought a couple.

-I'm trying to find a haulier.

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-It's not far!

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-I'm not sure whether

-to walk them or put them in a box.

0:20:130:20:17

-We've come from Garn-swllt

-and we've bought a log cutter.

0:20:170:20:22

-A saw bench.

0:20:220:20:23

-Did you get a bargain?

0:20:230:20:24

-Did you get a bargain?

-

-I'd say so.

0:20:240:20:25

-It's a sad day,

-another local dairy farm gone...

0:20:260:20:28

-..with the cost of milk as it is.

0:20:290:20:31

-It's a great shame...

0:20:320:20:33

-..seeing farms that have been

-milking for years giving up.

0:20:340:20:38

-My husband told me

-to buy a calf, which I did.

0:20:390:20:41

-The calf's mother

-is from our herd's lineage.

0:20:420:20:45

-It's important that you buy

-when there's a local auction.

0:20:450:20:49

-My father used to say

-if there was a local sale...

0:20:490:20:53

-..you have to buy something

-to get your name in the book.

0:20:530:20:57

-One of the auctioneers

-is John Eirian Davies...

0:20:590:21:01

-..from Bob Jones Prytherch.

0:21:020:21:04

-It must be unusual for you to hold

-an auction on a farm these days.

0:21:040:21:08

-It's more work, compared

-to getting herds into the mart.

0:21:080:21:13

-But it brings the community together

-and people have come from afar.

0:21:130:21:18

-How were the prices generally?

0:21:180:21:20

-Dairy cattle are hard, on the whole.

0:21:210:21:23

-Older cows not in calf

-were tricky so sell.

0:21:240:21:29

-Younger cows sold fairly well.

0:21:300:21:33

-Up to 1,200

-for recently-calved heifers.

0:21:340:21:37

-Have you seen an increase

-in herds being sold off...

0:21:380:21:41

-..as a result of milk prices?

0:21:410:21:43

-Herds have been sold off

-in parts of England.

0:21:430:21:47

-It's the first big herd to go

-to market in South West Wales.

0:21:480:21:51

-We're going to be very busy now

-for about six weeks.

0:21:510:21:55

-After weeks of preparation...

0:21:560:21:58

-..what were Alun and Mandy's

-impressions of the auction?

0:21:590:22:03

-It was full of people.

0:22:030:22:06

-Relaxing, having a chat,

-eating our hog roast.

0:22:060:22:10

-It was like a day out.

0:22:110:22:13

-Not Tenby, but Penderi.

0:22:130:22:15

-What's next for Alun and Mandy?

0:22:160:22:19

-We've started already.

0:22:200:22:23

-We've got a few stables for livery.

0:22:230:22:27

-I'm seeing the doctor on Tuesday.

0:22:270:22:30

-I'm seeing a specialist to find out

-what's happening with the surgery.

0:22:310:22:37

-We'll see what happens after that.

0:22:380:22:40

-How does it feel

-to see the cows leaving?

0:22:410:22:44

-I felt better as the day wore on...

0:22:450:22:47

-..seeing so many neighbours

-buying them.

0:22:470:22:50

-There's a good chance

-I'll see a lot of them again.

0:22:500:22:54

-Best wishes to you

-and the whole family for the future.

0:22:540:22:58

-Thank you.

0:22:580:22:59

-That's all for today's programme.

0:23:080:23:10

-Remember, there's no programme next

-week, but we'll be back on the 27th.

0:23:100:23:15

-I'll be

-at the Dinefwr Food Festival.

0:23:150:23:18

-If you haven't registered

-with Farming Connect yet...

0:23:180:23:22

-..the information centre

-will be open tonight until 10.30pm.

0:23:220:23:27

-You can contact them during normal

-work hours or on their website.

0:23:270:23:31

-So from me

-and the rest of the Ffermio team...

0:23:310:23:34

-..thanks for your company

-and goodbye to you all.

0:23:350:23:38

-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

0:23:550:23:57

-.

0:23:570:23:58

Meinir sy'n clywed am effaith y gaeaf gwlypaf ar gofnod ar ein pridd. Meinir finds out how the wettest winter on record has affected soil quality and visits a farm sale at Penderi, Llan-non.


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