Bydd Meinir yn dilyn hanes arwerthiant buches Jersey adnabyddus o eiddo Huw a Jennifer Evans fferm Nantyci, Sir Gâr. Meinir follows the dispersal sale of Huw and Jennifer Evans'...
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-Hello and welcome to the programme.
-The sun is shining
-on Whitland Market.
-The place is packed with visitors
-to see the Nicel herd...
-..from Nantyci Farm in
-Carmarthenshire go under the hammer.
-We'll hear more
-about the auction later.
-Daloni will find out more...
-..about the importance of
-small abattoirs in rural areas.
-And Alun meets two business partners
-from Merthyr Tydfil...
-..who want to combine Welsh culture,
-heritage and agriculture...
-..on their smallholding
-But first, Jennifer and Huw Evans...
-..have decided to sell their herd
-of 130 Jersey cattle.
-I visited the family on the farm
-as they faced the end of an era...
-..and milked the herd
-for the last time.
-Nantyci was a beef and sheep farm...
-..when Huw and Jennifer Evans
-Jennifer came from
-a dairy farm background...
-..so ten years ago,
-they created this Nicel Jersey herd.
-The girls were friendly with people
-who went to shows.
-At the time,
-Huw was secretary of Holstein UK.
-They had a group of friends
-who went to shows.
-I thought they could have
-the chance to do the same.
-Nicola had a friend whose family
-were selling a Jersey herd.
-They told me they were going out.
-When I came home,
-two calves had arrived.
-They were going to milk them
-and use the milk for the calves.
-That went on for a bit. We ended up
-with over twenty of them.
-In 2005, we decided to start milking
-This year, we decided
-the time had come.
-I felt that the cattle
-were looking their best...
-..and it was an opportunity to
-finish milking and change direction.
-I'm sure it's been lovely
-to work with the Jerseys.
-When we started the Jersey herd,
-Huw was working.
-It was just me with Helen mostly
-and Nicola occasionally.
-We did the work ourselves.
-As the herd grew, it took
-more time to do the milking...
-..so we decided it was time
-for Huw to stop working.
-He could stay home
-and be a farmer...
-..rather than an office boy
-for the rest of his life.
-Over the last two years, we've been
-getting up at 4.30am every morning.
-It's time to quit!
-Since it was established...
-..the Nicel herd has been prominent
-at shows all over the country.
-The family's latest success was in
-March at Carmarthen's Dragon Fest...
-..where they won
-the supreme championship.
-Here we are with Nicel Dion Tare.
-She looks like a lovely cow
-if I may say so.
-She's given us three calves.
-She's looking her best this year.
-She's been a very good cow.
-What are the qualities of the breed?
-If you want a cow
-that's not too big...
-they don't have to be that small.
-They have to look like
-a true dairy cow, like this one.
-She's clean along the back
-and through the bones.
-She's wide enough
-through the body...
-..to use her body to graze well...
-..and eat enough to produce
-plenty of milk from that grass.
-Jersey cows are famous
-for the quality of their milk.
-There is plenty of fat and protein
-in their milk.
-The milk is useful and is good for
-making all kinds of milk products...
-..such as cream and butter...
-..and also our milk is used
-for mozzarella cheese.
-That must add value to the milk.
-The milk is worth 5-6 pence more
-than the average price.
-In addition to the quality of
-the milk, you have fun showing.
-It's been a hobby for the girls.
-It's also been a way to advertise
-the herd and the breed.
-In 2011 we were very successful.
-We won at the Dairy Show in
-Carmarthen against other breeds.
-We did the same thing at the
-Pembrokeshire Show that year.
-That's a year I'll never forget.
-The girls will miss the cattle
-once they've been sold.
-They'll miss them more than we will.
-It won't be easy.
-This is the last time the herd will
-enter the Nantyci milking parlour.
-With the herd and the farm
-going under the hammer...
-..what is next for Huw and Jennifer?
-You'll see an enormous difference
-when the herd is gone.
-I suppose so,
-but we've kept 100 young stock...
-..so there'll be
-plenty of jobs to do there.
-We're hoping to rear the calves
-and turn over the stock once again.
-I'm not saying we're stopping.
-I'm not stopping.
-Huw can make up his own mind.
-Milk prices must have influenced
-your decision to some extent.
-It's possible we would have carried
-on for another year or so...
-..until I reached retirement age.
-That would have been the time...
-..that one would stop working.
-It just felt right
-to do it this year.
-I didn't feel
-that we were going to make a profit.
-At the moment,
-the dairy farm is losing money...
-..because our running costs
-are higher than our profits.
-It's not the best time
-for dairy farming...
-..but what sort of prices do you
-think you will get tomorrow?
-There's a lot of interest in
-this type of breed at the moment.
-Bridiau Lliwiog - Jerseys + Guernseys???
-is undergoing changes.
-Milk companies are asking
-for a higher fat content...
-..and milk of a higher quality.
-People feel there is
-a chance to do something.
-We'll see how it goes tomorrow.
-Between the fact that it's unusual
-to see a Jersey herd in a sale...
-..and the good weather,
-it promises to be a good day.
-The cattle have arrived safely
-at Whitland Market...
-..ready for the big day.
-I wonder now
-how the Nantyci family are feeling.
-Huw, there's no turning back now.
-No, the day has finally arrived.
-It was a bit odd waking up today and
-not having to go down the parlour.
-When I arrived here and saw
-the cattle, I was happy.
-How does it feel to be the seller
-rather than the auctioneer?
-A friend of mine once told me
-when I ran an auction for him...
-..that it's different when you're
-selling your own stock.
-It's a different feeling
-working on the cattle with the boys.
-If I was selling for someone else,
-I'd just be thinking about the cash.
-It's different with these cattle.
-Good luck to you and the family.
-Good luck to you and the family.
-Alun has been to Pontycymer
-to meet two business partners...
-..who have invested
-in a forty-acre smallholding...
-any background in farming.
-No-one has farmed Ty Meinwr
-in Pontycymer near Bridgend...
-..for about twenty years.
-However, a farm of some sort
-has been here for 200 years.
-Here, between the woodland and the
-hills, in the valley called Garw.
-The name says it all.
-Looking back further
-than 20 years...
-..sheep and cattle have grazed
-the forty acres around Ty Meinwr.
-locals have rented the land...
-..and horses have been kept here.
-Ty Meinwr is now
-in the hands of two people...
-..who want to regenerate
-and restore the farm...
-..using a new, exciting plan.
-A month ago,
-Jamie Bevan from Merthyr...
-..and his partner,
-Marit Parker from Aberystwyth...
-Ma na Marit Parker yn ymddangos ar y we o Aber - methu cysylltu hi a Jamie Bevan ddo.
-..came to live at the farm.
-The aim is to establish
-an environmentally friendly farm.
-The big question to ask is do either
-of you have any farming background?
-Do you have any experience
-for this new venture?
-I come from a farming background.
-As a child,
-I lived in a small village.
-Both my parents
-came from farming families.
-I'm just a townie from Merthyr!
-I don't have much of a clue,
-but I am learning.
-I have learnt so much
-over the last six months.
-How did you get together, come up
-with this idea and then develop it?
-We both had similar ideas
-Then a friend introduced us
-and said we should have a chat.
-I have always wanted
-a land-based project...
-..where people could come
-to appreciate, learn...
-..and practise the language.
-A place where people could come
-to appreciate the Welsh language.
-I want to experiment with ideas
-of farming in a sustainable way.
-I can't think of sustainability...
-..without thinking about
-the language and the culture.
-They are all linked.
-It was crucial for us...
-..to have somewhere close
-to the villages in the valley.
-A big part of what we want to do
-is working with local communities.
-To give local people
-a chance to work on the land...
-they may not usually have.
-In that way, we can introduce them
-to the Welsh language.
-Tell us a bit about
-the history of this farm.
-The previous owners
-kept horses here.
-Some would say too many horses.
-Some are still here;
-we await their departure!
-How important will local people
-be to this process?
-They could tell you
-about the history of this place.
-We are hoping to work with
-some local groups...
-..such as a heritage group
-and Menter Iaith...
-..on a project to gather stories
-about Ty Meinwr and the village.
-How has the work been going
-over the first month?
-It has been a shock to the system!
-It is developing.
-The links with the local community
-Volunteers are beginning to come.
-At the moment, Ty Meinwr
-is being smartened up.
-In the future,
-an orchard is being planned...
-..using Welsh heritage fruit trees.
-They also plan to keep bees,
-create a market garden...
-..and keep a small number
-Both of them have
-a strong community spirit.
-Jamie is very passionate
-about the Welsh language.
-He is Chair of Cymdeithas yr Iaith.
-His father, Gari,
-was Welsh Learner of the Year...
-..at the Meifod National Eisteddfod.
-What do you have planned next?
-We have stables and a barn
-on the site.
-We plan to use the barn
-..when schoolchildren visit us.
-Although the horses will be gone...
-..you do plan
-to keep some animals here.
-There is a breed of sheep
-native to these valleys.
-It would be nice
-to have some of them here.
-How much of a risk have you taken
-by giving up your jobs...
-..leaving the lives you once had
-and starting over again?
-It's a big risk, a big venture.
-My family and friends
-have been very supportive.
-But at the same time, they think
-I'm a bit mad to give it all up.
-We want people to go
-to our website, tymeinwr.cymru
-They can go and see what we do here.
-If they like what they see...
-..they can get in touch
-and come here to help out.
-You can learn here, make friends,
-experience the land...
-..and speak the language.
-If that suits you, come down.
-The sale is in full swing
-with the place packed out.
-It's looking good
-for the Nantyci family.
-Before I say any more,
-In recent years
-we've seen a big decline...
-..in the number of
-small Welsh abattoirs.
-Since 1990, 42 of them have closed.
-like Dunbia in Llanybydder...
-..and St Merryn's in Merthyr
-are crucial suppliers of meat...
-..to the supermarkets
-and international markets...
-..their smaller counterparts
-supply local shops and butchers.
-There are now only 18 abattoirs
-of this size left in Wales.
-Even well-established ones
-are struggling to compete.
-Cig Oen Caron abattoir has been
-in existence for over 50 years.
-They are one of the only abattoirs
-in West Wales...
-..to process pigs
-as well as sheep and cattle.
-Increasing running costs
-are making life difficult.
-I'm the sixth generation
-of butchers in Tregaron.
-It's a long-standing
-When I started
-working with my father...
-..we'd slaughter a couple of cattle
-and half a dozen lambs...
-..on a Sunday morning.
-No-one would inspect the meat
-until the day after.
-These days, there's always a vet
-on site while we are slaughtering.
-He watches the killing and all the
-work done on the meat after that.
-All the rules add to the cost.
-It is necessary because the public
-want to feel it's done properly.
-All the meat coming out of
-Welsh abattoirs these days...
-..is completely safe
-What really sustains our business
-here is private work for farms...
-..who want their own meat
-..and for their wider families.
-from the south of Pembrokeshire...
-..and the Swansea area...
-..all the way up to Talybont
-to the north.
-The catchment area is huge
-because we're the only one in Dyfed.
-The new rules that came in as a
-result of BSE and Foot and Mouth...
-..have meant significant problems
-with disposal of waste materials.
-You can't do anything else with it.
-It has to be incinerated.
-When I started, we received a penny
-for every pound of that waste.
-Now, we pay 150 per tonne
-to get rid of it.
-Waste removal now costs us
-around 800 to 1,000 a week.
-That's our biggest expense.
-On top of that, we used to be
-quite well paid for the hides.
-Beef cattle hides were worth 35.
-It's down to 15.
-are down from 7 to 1 apiece.
-If you want to know
-the provenance of your meat...
-..small abattoirs are the answer.
-Here in Machynlleth, Wil Lloyd
-Williams has won numerous prizes...
-..for the meat he sells in the shop.
-Much of that meat is processed
-at Wil's abattoir down there.
-I used to slaughter
-for six to ten butchers.
-They're all gone.
-The power of the supermarkets
-has eradicated them.
-We only slaughter once or twice
-a fortnight, when the need arises.
-The costs are too high.
-People don't realize that.
-In the old days,
-you'd open the gate...
-..and there'd be two cows,
-ten lambs and six pigs.
-Today, you open the gate...
-..and the cost is 700 or 800
-before you even start.
-There are taxes.
-The vet is 38.50 per hour.
-Do you only slaughter meat
-to be sold in your shop?
-We slaughter for farmers.
-When you get these
-..that kill 4,500 lambs for
-Sainsbury's and 4,500 for Asda...
-..there's no room
-for Tom Williams and two pigs...
-..because they have contracts
-I've been banging the same drum
-for thirty years.
-Where are people
-going to get animals like those...
-..slaughtered and butchered?
-It will be done illegally.
-A recent survey said we've lost
-many slaughterhouses in Wales.
-Where have they been until now?
-The industry has disappeared.
-Look at the ages of these men.
-They are 60 years old on average.
-There's no new blood coming in.
-They know how much of a hole
-they would be in...
-..in terms of legislation and costs.
-started the business.
-Will your son
-be following in your footsteps?
-William Lloyd Williams and Son...
-..when it's time for this Wil Lloyd
-to hang up his hat...
-..my son Tom Lloyd works in Canada
-for Toronto Football Club.
-I can't see him coming home
-to cure meat!
-These small slaughterhouses
-provide an important service...
-..to rural Welsh farmers.
-Their existence means animals do not
-have to be transported for miles.
-Customers have access
-to local produce.
-What does the future hold
-for small Welsh slaughterhouses?
-At the end of the day, agriculture
-won't be able to survive.
-In order to get meat
-from an animal...
-..you need to have a slaughterhouse.
-I've spent 270,000.
-Many others have done the same.
-I don't see fewer inspections,
-I see more obstacles...
-and now they have introduced EID.
-after slaughtering the lambs...
-..I spend half as much time again
-doing the paperwork.
-If that doesn't change,
-there won't be a future.
-It breaks my heart
-to say things like that.
-Back at Whitland Market...
-..the buyers are obviously pleased
-with the standard of the animals.
-First class. First class.
-I've just spent five weeks
-in New Zealand.
-The animals there
-aren't as good as these.
-The people there
-are treated better than us here.
-And prices are better.
-And prices are better.
-Yes, they are better.
-It's been a good day.
-have all been turned out well.
-They look good and fit.
-The top made over 1,500.
-That was promising, considering
-the current financial climate.
-Helen, what a day.
-I bet you're tired.
-Yes, it's been difficult.
-I admire anybody who gets up every
-morning to milk a herd for hours...
-..with the amount they're paid
-at the moment.
-I wouldn't like to go to work
-if I wasn't being paid for it.
-That's the situation farmers
-find themselves in at the moment.
-Nicola, the whole family
-has worked hard...
-..to ensure that the cattle
-look their best.
-Yes, they have.
-The aim of the Nantyci family
-is to work together.
-We were very proud
-to see the cattle being sold.
-It was encouraging
-to see the best cattle go.
-There are certain families
-who have been good to us.
-It was good to see people
-paying more for those cattle.
-The Nicel name
-will continue to exist.
-Everything has sold well.
-Considering the current state of
-the industry, it went really well.
-Best wishes to you as a family
-for the future.
-That's all for this week.
-It's the end of an era
-for the Nantyci family.
-The herd will enrich other herds
-across the country.
-We'll be back
-the same time next week.
-Until then, thanks for your company.
-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.
Bydd Meinir yn dilyn hanes arwerthiant buches Jersey adnabyddus o eiddo Huw a Jennifer Evans fferm Nantyci, Sir Gâr. Meinir follows the dispersal sale of Huw and Jennifer Evans' jersey herd.