Gydag Etholiad y Cynulliad ar y gorwel, bydd Alun yn edrych ar faniffestos y pleidiau. With the Assembly Election fast approaching, Alun Elidyr looks at the manifestos of the ma...
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-Hello and welcome to Ffermio.
-On this programme, we'll travel
-all over Wales and beyond.
-We'll be focusing on the future...
-..by looking at politics,
-new technology and children.
-Firstly, with less than a month to
-go before the Assembly elections...
-..here's a taster
-of what the different parties...
-..can offer the agricultural world
-and rural Wales.
-Thursday 5 May
-On 5 May, we will decide
-who governs in Cardiff Bay.
-But before we decide how to vote...
-what the parties have to offer.
-What do they promise people
-who live and work in rural areas?
-Let's start with the Green Party.
-Their emphasis is on the animal -
-both tame and wild.
-They want to reintroduce
-vaccinations for badgers...
-..and have CCTV in all abattoirs.
-They also want stricter regulations
-on transporting livestock...
-..and a ban on live exports.
-Wales Green Party believes farmers
-have an important role to play...
-..in creating a sustainable future
-They can aid with the production
-of clean energy, flood resistance...
-and feeding our local communities.
-We need to have a dialogue
-with farmers in Wales...
-..about how to create
-a sustainable future.
-How can we ensure
-that we have healthy food...
-..a sustainable society,
-a safe environment...
-..and fair prices for farmers.
-What about the Liberal Democrats?
-They have three main promises.
-An annual fund of 20 million
-for hill farmers...
-..to address the issues
-of farming challenging land.
-There would be grants
-to aid farmers to diversify...
-..reduce the amount of carbon
-released into the environment...
-..and to be more competitive.
-They would also promote share
-farming and succession planning.
-I think it's important to recognize
-the importance of agriculture...
-..for rural areas.
-Not only in terms of the land...
-..but also in its contribution
-to the Welsh language.
-We're keen to bring in
-a specialist fund of 20 million...
-..for less favourable areas.
-We also want to do something
-about the fact...
-..that young people find it hard
-to start out in agriculture.
-Choosing local food
-is very important.
-I hope that's true
-of all politicians.
-It's a matter of personal choice.
-We must have clear labelling...
-..so that people
-can make informed choices.
-there are a number of questions...
-..about how much of the supply chain
-is in Wales.
-That's a matter over which
-any new minister for farming...
-..will need to take action.
-If you decide to support
-..what is in their manifesto?
-They would appoint
-a government minister...
-..with specific responsibility
-for Mid and West Wales...
-..to promote rural communities.
-They would also consider rural areas
-in all policy areas...
-..giving full support to
-the dairy and red meat industries.
-They would work with the Westminster
-government to review the CAP.
-They would also cut taxes
-and unnecessary red tape...
-..and they would help rural
-communities to manage local assets.
-They would also maintain and improve
-high welfare standards...
-..for animals in Wales.
-The Labour Party has been in power
-for over 17 years in Cardiff.
-They seem to have forgotten
-about Mid Wales and farming.
-It's so important
-to have a Cabinet Minister...
-..in charge of farming
-and the countryside.
-We need to make sure that
-rural issues move up the agenda.
-One of the most important things
-in farming at the moment is TB.
-We are dealing with TB in cattle...
-..but we are not addressing
-the issue of TB in wildlife.
-We must listen to scientists
-and deal with TB in wildlife...
-to eradicate the disease...
-..and ensure that Wales
-is a TB-free zone.
-In terms of young people, it's
-important that we support YFC clubs.
-They've suffered cuts to their
-budgets over the last few years.
-We must support the YFC. There
-is nothing similar in rural Wales.
-Only the YFC is able to pull
-young people together to socialize.
-What does Plaid Cymru have to offer?
-In a series of points, they refer
-to all aspects of rural life...
-..including the health and welfare
-of animals and biosecurity.
-They suggest a package of measures
-to eradicate TB...
-..and to keep TB-free zones
-They would work with farmers...
-.to see if recording and reporting
-sheep movements through EID...
-They also refer to
-..including reducing red tape
-and unnecessary paperwork.
-They refer to the future
-..through mention of education,
-..share farming and succession.
-They also recognize the need
-to work with the YFC.
-They commit to setting up
-a veterinary school in Wales.
-There is a section about farming
-and the food chain...
-..including the need
-to reduce food waste.
-They also mention international
-climate change targets.
-We need to ensure that rural areas
-and the farming industry...
-..are given the voice they deserve
-in the Welsh Government.
-That has not been the case
-over the last five years.
-We have specific policies.
-We want to get rid of
-the six-day standstill rule.
-The industry needs flexibility to
-face the serious challenges ahead.
-We also want to ensure
-that more Welsh produce...
-..is purchased by the public sector
-We also want to address the issue
-of council farms...
-..which are being sold off
-at the moment.
-We will introduce a strategy
-to defend what is a national asset.
-could be used effectively...
-..in helping young farmers and
-newcomers to come into the industry.
-In addition, we would not introduce
-open access to rural Wales.
-This is something that has been
-discussed by the current government.
-The latest addition
-to the Assembly election is UKIP.
-What do they have to offer?
-They believe money is wasted
-on the administration of subsidies.
-They also believe the UK
-goes overboard with EU regulations.
-Central to their manifesto...
-..is the appointment
-of local wildlife managers...
-..who would have the right
-to operate according to local needs.
-They would be responsible
-for reducing TB, for example.
-UKIP also note the need to
-reconsider the policy on GM crops.
-They would also offer
-..to improve animal welfare
-and reduce food miles.
-Their manifesto offers
-a package of support for farmers...
-..as well as control over people's
-rights to access the countryside.
-They emphasize the need
-to make farming profitable...
-..and reduce red tape.
-We want to pull out
-of the European Union.
-Welsh farmers need to see policies
-based on their needs in Wales.
-We want the Assembly
-to create agricultural policies...
-..for Welsh farmers.
-We have to ensure that farmers
-receive a fair price for produce.
-They are running a business
-and they have to make money.
-have had too much power...
-..and the CAP system
-has played into their hands.
-They've driven prices down.
-We definitely need to do something
-about the prices farmers are paid.
-We must also get the TB situation
-During the next term, something
-concrete needs to be done...
-..to get the situation
-Finally, what are the main points
-in the Labour Party's manifesto?
-They have been in power
-over the last five years.
-Their objectives are closely linked
-to their Rural Development Plan...
-..which is already in action.
-They emphasize the need
-to create employment...
-..and fair living standards.
-They also promise good public
-services for local communities.
-The long-term aim is to create
-a profitable food sector...
-..which respects animal welfare
-and is managed professionally.
-There is a specific reference
-to farm workers' pay...
-..and a reference
-to managing natural resources...
-to climate change targets.
-The government can do a lot.
-I hope the next government shows
-more support for agriculture...
-There have been huge challenges
-in the dairy industry.
-I want to see more direct support
-for those farmers.
-They could receive financial support
-to help them diversify.
-I also want to see much more help
-..with submitting paperwork.
-Many farmers have had huge
-challenges with direct payments.
-They have also had problems when
-trying to move stock between farms.
-There have been examples
-in county councils...
-..where the local authority wants
-to procure meat for its schools...
-..but they haven't used
-I certainly want to see
-the government intervening...
-..to ensure we use local farmers
-to provide food in our schools...
-..and throughout the public sector.
-Those are the main points
-from the political manifestoes.
-Now the responsibility is on us
-to vote on 5 May...
-..and take some control
-over our fate.
-We have the power to decide
-what comes out of the box.
-We must believe
-that it will make a difference.
-That's it - an insight into the
-parties' visions for agriculture.
-The responsibility is now yours
-to use your vote in May.
-we'll take a short break.
-Join us shortly when we'll
-take a look at new technology...
-..and we'll see a group of farmers
-..travel to London
-to educate the next generation.
-See you in two minutes.
-This year has seen a change...
-..in the service that
-Farming Connect offers to farmers.
-Daloni went to Llysfasi College Farm
-..to learn more
-about these new schemes.
-Here at Llysfasi College Farm...
-has forged a new relationship.
-The emphasis is on innovation
-and the latest technology.
-Technical officer Nia Jones
-works with the college.
-We're lucky to have Llysfasi
-as one of our pioneer sites.
-We have eight of them across Wales.
-Llysfasi will be home to some
-of the innovation projects.
-We want to develop techniques and
-pass them on to the next generation.
-is the farm manager at Llysfasi.
-He oversees the schemes
-on a day-to-day basis.
-Among them is the lamb mortality
-genetic evaluation project.
-Our aim is to keep as many of
-our lambs alive as we possibly can.
-That's for both lambs born indoors,
-and, as in this case...
-..the situation with mountain sheep,
-It will be more of a challenge
-to gather the data.
-Firstly, we have to be able
-to identify the sheep.
-Every sheep is identified
-by the EID tag by now.
-As we lead up to lambing...
-..we have weighed the sheep
-and noted their condition score.
-We then have a database
-of Welsh sheep.
-The lambs will be given EID tags
-as they are born...
-..to link them to the mother.
-If we then lose a lamb,
-it is taken for a post mortem.
-We want to know if that lamb
-has actually breathed...
-..and if it has got up and suckled.
-They are two essential things
-for lambs to survive.
-We can then link the lamb
-that has gone for a post mortem...
-..with the ram that was used.
-We can see if it makes
-a great difference...
-..to the value of the ram...
-..when it comes
-to keeping the lambs alive.
-An overall difference of 1%
-across the UK...
-..in keeping more lambs alive
-is thought to be worth 12 million.
-It's an enormous amount of money.
-Can you explain the role of DNA
-in the study?
-The role of DNA is key.
-It means we can link the lambs
-in this case to the siring ram.
-But I can see it being used
-in a wider context...
-..especially as techniques
-like genomics develop.
-In years to come...
-..maybe we'll be able to look at
-an individual ram's DNA profile...
-..or compare it
-with those of other rams...
-..to see if there are markers
-on the DNA...
-..that link to these lambs
-that are lost at an early age.
-As well as this project...
-..Llysfasi is also part
-of the Grass Value project...
-..which Nia Jones
-has set up on various sites.
-What are the aims of this project?
-The main aims are to measure
-and grow more grass, to be honest.
-It's hard to control anything
-without measuring it.
-How do you do that?
-There are ten sites across Wales
-involved in the project.
-Someone from each farm
-will measure it for us weekly.
-They'll make a W shape
-around the fields...
-..that have been chosen
-for the sheep platform.
-We'll feed this information
-into our software.
-That will help farmers
-to decide how to manage the flock.
-What are the advantages
-of managing pasture?
-You can make use of the pasture
-when it's at its best.
-When it has good energy.
-In summer, there might be
-too much grass in a field.
-There may be options
-to close them off for silage.
-Options that don't waste the pasture
-and use it to its maximum potential.
-The results will go
-on the Farming Connect website.
-There'll be a map of pasture growth
-updated every week...
-..to show farmers
-the growth in their area.
-Blogs will also be posted,
-consultants will lead discussions...
-..and we'll have
-training sessions on the farms...
-..to show what to do,
-and to demonstrate the advantages.
-How does Dewi hope
-the students will benefit...
-..from the experimental work
-The sole purpose
-is to make the best use of pasture.
-that on many farms...
-..only half the pasture grown
-is actually used.
-But on those farms
-that manage pasture differently...
-..and perhaps in better ways,
-80% of that pasture can be used.
-That's such an important resource,
-because pasture and grass is cheap.
-Measuring has become
-The technology is there to help us.
-Most of our students
-are young people, of course.
-They buy into and see the value
-of that technology very quickly.
-is holding numerous events...
-..focusing on recovery
-after the winter of 2015.
-More information about these events
-can be found on their website.
-We've recently heard a lot...
-..about the importance
-of marketing our produce...
-..and the valuable service
-Recently, a group of farmers from
-Glamorgan visited a London school...
-..to educate and plant the seeds
-from a very young age.
-Pakeman Primary School
-is in Holloway, north London.
-This is the site of a recent visit
-by Glamorgan YFC and NFU members...
-..to introduce agriculture
-to the school's 300 pupils.
-We've come here today to teach
-a lesson about agriculture...
-..and to show children
-where food comes from.
-discuss growing crops...
-..dairy cattle and milk...
-..lamb, fruit and vegetables.
-It's very important to educate them
-about where their food comes from.
-I firmly believe that,
-and not just in towns and cities.
-Even in rural areas, many people...
-..are far removed
-from how food reaches their plates.
-It's nice to see them
-learning where food comes from...
-..and what's good
-and nutritious about it.
-We taught them
-where cereals come from...
-..and where milk and eggs come from.
-We then got them to mix up
-the ingredients and make pancakes.
-The reaction was great.
-They enjoyed it, and were excited
-to see what we were doing.
-Everyone wanted to join in
-and have a go.
-They were great kids.
-They enjoyed it and learnt a lot.
-I could see
-that they enjoyed learning.
-One of the boys said it was
-one of the best days of the year.
-They're great, really good.
-As farmers, it's important
-that we show what we do.
-That we grow food for people.
-To show them that, without farmers,
-they couldn't eat three meals a day.
-These children live in a city.
-They don't see cattle,
-sheep and chickens.
-It's important for them
-to find out...
-..where the food
-that goes to Tesco or Morrisons...
-..and then onto their plate
-With sessions about wool, crops,
-eggs, milk and planting seeds...
-clearly had a great day.
-Well, today is farming day...
-..to celebrate farmers
-collecting crops for us to eat.
-I've enjoyed planting mint...
-..because I never knew
-how to plant it before.
-I saw the hens...
-..and some chickens and some chicks.
-We've had so much fun today.
-My favourite animal in the farm...
-..um, is a chicken...
-..because of how it makes its sound.
-The children enjoyed it...
-..but how do farmers benefit
-by holding such a day?
-I'd like to see the curriculum
-including more of it...
-..with children being taught
-where their food comes from...
-..and what's important, you know,
-about locally-sourced produce.
-Knowing where everything originates.
-That's what I'd like to see
-coming out of a day like this.
-It's important for us
-to come to places like London...
-..with no experience
-of farmers or farms.
-We as farmers have a role...
-..to come here, teach them...
-..and help them to understand.
-also have a role to come here...
-..to promote the industry
-in positive ways.
-are so excited to see us.
-They've all had more than one go
-at turning the mill.
-by how butter is made from cream.
-It's just been...
-One of them asked me
-if I was a magician...
-..when I was milling the flour.
-They derived pleasure
-from seeing it...
-..and I derived pleasure
-from watching them learn.
-I wish every day was farming day.
-Those London children
-clearly loved farming day.
-That shows the importance
-of marketing our produce.
-That's all for this programme.
-We'll be back
-at the same time next week.
-thanks for your company. Goodbye.
-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.
Gydag Etholiad y Cynulliad ar y gorwel, bydd Alun yn edrych ar faniffestos y pleidiau. With the Assembly Election fast approaching, Alun Elidyr looks at the manifestos of the main parties.