Mon, 18 Apr 2016 Ffermio


Mon, 18 Apr 2016

Gydag Etholiad y Cynulliad ar y gorwel, bydd Alun yn edrych ar faniffestos y pleidiau. With the Assembly Election fast approaching, Alun Elidyr looks at the manifestos of the ma...


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-Hello and welcome to Ffermio.

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-On this programme, we'll travel

-all over Wales and beyond.

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-We'll be focusing on the future...

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-..by looking at politics,

-new technology and children.

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-Firstly, with less than a month to

-go before the Assembly elections...

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-..here's a taster

-of what the different parties...

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-..can offer the agricultural world

-and rural Wales.

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-Thursday 5 May

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-On 5 May, we will decide

-who governs in Cardiff Bay.

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-But before we decide how to vote...

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-..let's consider

-what the parties have to offer.

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-What do they promise people

-who live and work in rural areas?

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-Let's start with the Green Party.

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-Their emphasis is on the animal -

-both tame and wild.

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-They want to reintroduce

-vaccinations for badgers...

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-..and have CCTV in all abattoirs.

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-They also want stricter regulations

-on transporting livestock...

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-..and a ban on live exports.

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-Wales Green Party believes farmers

-have an important role to play...

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-..in creating a sustainable future

-for Wales.

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-They can aid with the production

-of clean energy, flood resistance...

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-..carbon storage

-and feeding our local communities.

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-We need to have a dialogue

-with farmers in Wales...

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-..about how to create

-a sustainable future.

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-How can we ensure

-that we have healthy food...

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-..a sustainable society,

-a safe environment...

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-..and fair prices for farmers.

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-What about the Liberal Democrats?

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-They have three main promises.

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-An annual fund of 20 million

-for hill farmers...

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-..to address the issues

-of farming challenging land.

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-There would be grants

-to aid farmers to diversify...

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-..reduce the amount of carbon

-released into the environment...

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-..and to be more competitive.

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-They would also promote share

-farming and succession planning.

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-I think it's important to recognize

-the importance of agriculture...

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-..for rural areas.

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-Not only in terms of the land...

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-..but also in its contribution

-to the Welsh language.

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-We're keen to bring in

-a specialist fund of 20 million...

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-..for less favourable areas.

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-We also want to do something

-about the fact...

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-..that young people find it hard

-to start out in agriculture.

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-Choosing local food

-is very important.

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-I hope that's true

-of all politicians.

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-It's a matter of personal choice.

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-We must have clear labelling...

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-..so that people

-can make informed choices.

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-But clearly,

-there are a number of questions...

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-..about how much of the supply chain

-is in Wales.

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-That's a matter over which

-any new minister for farming...

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-..will need to take action.

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-If you decide to support

-the Conservatives...

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-..what is in their manifesto?

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-They would appoint

-a government minister...

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-..with specific responsibility

-for Mid and West Wales...

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-..to promote rural communities.

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-They would also consider rural areas

-in all policy areas...

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-..giving full support to

-the dairy and red meat industries.

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-They would work with the Westminster

-government to review the CAP.

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-They would also cut taxes

-and unnecessary red tape...

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-..and they would help rural

-communities to manage local assets.

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-They would also maintain and improve

-high welfare standards...

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-..for animals in Wales.

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-The Labour Party has been in power

-for over 17 years in Cardiff.

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-They seem to have forgotten

-about Mid Wales and farming.

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-It's so important

-to have a Cabinet Minister...

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-..in charge of farming

-and the countryside.

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-We need to make sure that

-rural issues move up the agenda.

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-One of the most important things

-in farming at the moment is TB.

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-We are dealing with TB in cattle...

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-..but we are not addressing

-the issue of TB in wildlife.

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-We must listen to scientists

-and deal with TB in wildlife...

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-..in order

-to eradicate the disease...

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-..and ensure that Wales

-is a TB-free zone.

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-In terms of young people, it's

-important that we support YFC clubs.

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-They've suffered cuts to their

-budgets over the last few years.

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-We must support the YFC. There

-is nothing similar in rural Wales.

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-Only the YFC is able to pull

-young people together to socialize.

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-What does Plaid Cymru have to offer?

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-In a series of points, they refer

-to all aspects of rural life...

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-..including the health and welfare

-of animals and biosecurity.

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-They suggest a package of measures

-to eradicate TB...

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-..and to keep TB-free zones

-disease free.

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-They would work with farmers...

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-.to see if recording and reporting

-sheep movements through EID...

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-..is appropriate.

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-They also refer to

-Working Smarter...

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-..including reducing red tape

-and unnecessary paperwork.

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-They refer to the future

-of agriculture...

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-..through mention of education,

-access, renting...

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-..share farming and succession.

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-They also recognize the need

-to work with the YFC.

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-They commit to setting up

-a veterinary school in Wales.

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-There is a section about farming

-and the food chain...

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-..including the need

-to reduce food waste.

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-They also mention international

-climate change targets.

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-We need to ensure that rural areas

-and the farming industry...

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-..are given the voice they deserve

-in the Welsh Government.

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-That has not been the case

-over the last five years.

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-We have specific policies.

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-We want to get rid of

-the six-day standstill rule.

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-The industry needs flexibility to

-face the serious challenges ahead.

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-We also want to ensure

-that more Welsh produce...

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-..is purchased by the public sector

-in Wales.

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-We also want to address the issue

-of council farms...

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-..which are being sold off

-at the moment.

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-We will introduce a strategy

-to defend what is a national asset.

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-This asset

-could be used effectively...

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-..in helping young farmers and

-newcomers to come into the industry.

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-In addition, we would not introduce

-open access to rural Wales.

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-This is something that has been

-discussed by the current government.

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-The latest addition

-to the Assembly election is UKIP.

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-What do they have to offer?

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-They believe money is wasted

-on the administration of subsidies.

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-They also believe the UK

-goes overboard with EU regulations.

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-Central to their manifesto...

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-..is the appointment

-of local wildlife managers...

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-..who would have the right

-to operate according to local needs.

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-They would be responsible

-for reducing TB, for example.

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-UKIP also note the need to

-reconsider the policy on GM crops.

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-They would also offer

-mobile abattoirs...

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-..to improve animal welfare

-and reduce food miles.

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-Their manifesto offers

-a package of support for farmers...

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-..as well as control over people's

-rights to access the countryside.

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-They emphasize the need

-to make farming profitable...

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-..and reduce red tape.

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-We want to pull out

-of the European Union.

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-Welsh farmers need to see policies

-based on their needs in Wales.

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-We want the Assembly

-to create agricultural policies...

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-..for Welsh farmers.

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-We have to ensure that farmers

-receive a fair price for produce.

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-They are running a business

-and they have to make money.

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-Supermarkets

-have had too much power...

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-..and the CAP system

-has played into their hands.

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-They've driven prices down.

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-We definitely need to do something

-about the prices farmers are paid.

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-We must also get the TB situation

-under control.

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-During the next term, something

-concrete needs to be done...

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-..to get the situation

-under control.

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-Finally, what are the main points

-in the Labour Party's manifesto?

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-They have been in power

-over the last five years.

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-Their objectives are closely linked

-to their Rural Development Plan...

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-..which is already in action.

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-They emphasize the need

-to create employment...

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-..and fair living standards.

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-They also promise good public

-services for local communities.

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-The long-term aim is to create

-a profitable food sector...

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-..which respects animal welfare

-and is managed professionally.

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-There is a specific reference

-to farm workers' pay...

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-..and a reference

-to managing natural resources...

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-..to respond

-to climate change targets.

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-The government can do a lot.

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-I hope the next government shows

-more support for agriculture...

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-..in general.

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-There have been huge challenges

-in the dairy industry.

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-I want to see more direct support

-for those farmers.

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-They could receive financial support

-to help them diversify.

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-I also want to see much more help

-for farmers...

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-..with submitting paperwork.

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-Many farmers have had huge

-challenges with direct payments.

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-They have also had problems when

-trying to move stock between farms.

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-There have been examples

-in county councils...

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-..where the local authority wants

-to procure meat for its schools...

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-..but they haven't used

-local farmers.

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-I certainly want to see

-the government intervening...

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-..to ensure we use local farmers

-to provide food in our schools...

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-..and throughout the public sector.

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-Those are the main points

-from the political manifestoes.

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-Now the responsibility is on us

-to vote on 5 May...

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-..and take some control

-over our fate.

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-We have the power to decide

-what comes out of the box.

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-We must believe

-that it will make a difference.

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-That's it - an insight into the

-parties' visions for agriculture.

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-The responsibility is now yours

-to use your vote in May.

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-Before that,

-we'll take a short break.

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-Join us shortly when we'll

-take a look at new technology...

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-..and we'll see a group of farmers

-from Glamorgan...

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-..travel to London

-to educate the next generation.

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-See you in two minutes.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-Welcome back.

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-This year has seen a change...

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-..in the service that

-Farming Connect offers to farmers.

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-Daloni went to Llysfasi College Farm

-near Ruthin...

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-..to learn more

-about these new schemes.

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-Here at Llysfasi College Farm...

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-..Farming Connect

-has forged a new relationship.

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-The emphasis is on innovation

-and the latest technology.

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-Technical officer Nia Jones

-works with the college.

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-We're lucky to have Llysfasi

-as one of our pioneer sites.

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-We have eight of them across Wales.

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-Llysfasi will be home to some

-of the innovation projects.

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-We want to develop techniques and

-pass them on to the next generation.

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-Dewi Jones

-is the farm manager at Llysfasi.

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-He oversees the schemes

-on a day-to-day basis.

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-Among them is the lamb mortality

-genetic evaluation project.

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-Our aim is to keep as many of

-our lambs alive as we possibly can.

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-That's for both lambs born indoors,

-and, as in this case...

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-..the situation with mountain sheep,

-lambing outside.

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-It will be more of a challenge

-to gather the data.

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-Firstly, we have to be able

-to identify the sheep.

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-Every sheep is identified

-by the EID tag by now.

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-As we lead up to lambing...

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-..we have weighed the sheep

-and noted their condition score.

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-We then have a database

-of Welsh sheep.

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-The lambs will be given EID tags

-as they are born...

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-..to link them to the mother.

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-If we then lose a lamb,

-it is taken for a post mortem.

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-We want to know if that lamb

-has actually breathed...

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-..and if it has got up and suckled.

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-They are two essential things

-for lambs to survive.

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-We can then link the lamb

-that has gone for a post mortem...

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-..with the ram that was used.

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-We can see if it makes

-a great difference...

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-..to the value of the ram...

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-..when it comes

-to keeping the lambs alive.

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-An overall difference of 1%

-across the UK...

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-..in keeping more lambs alive

-is thought to be worth 12 million.

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-It's an enormous amount of money.

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-Can you explain the role of DNA

-in the study?

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-The role of DNA is key.

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-It means we can link the lambs

-in this case to the siring ram.

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-But I can see it being used

-in a wider context...

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-..especially as techniques

-like genomics develop.

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-In years to come...

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-..maybe we'll be able to look at

-an individual ram's DNA profile...

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-..or compare it

-with those of other rams...

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-..to see if there are markers

-on the DNA...

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-..that link to these lambs

-that are lost at an early age.

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-As well as this project...

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-..Llysfasi is also part

-of the Grass Value project...

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-..which Nia Jones

-has set up on various sites.

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-What are the aims of this project?

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-The main aims are to measure

-and grow more grass, to be honest.

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-It's hard to control anything

-without measuring it.

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-How do you do that?

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-There are ten sites across Wales

-involved in the project.

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-Someone from each farm

-will measure it for us weekly.

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-They'll make a W shape

-around the fields...

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-..that have been chosen

-for the sheep platform.

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-We'll feed this information

-into our software.

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-That will help farmers

-to decide how to manage the flock.

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-What are the advantages

-of managing pasture?

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-You can make use of the pasture

-when it's at its best.

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-When it has good energy.

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-In summer, there might be

-too much grass in a field.

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-There may be options

-to close them off for silage.

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-Options that don't waste the pasture

-and use it to its maximum potential.

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-The results will go

-on the Farming Connect website.

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-There'll be a map of pasture growth

-updated every week...

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-..to show farmers

-the growth in their area.

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-Blogs will also be posted,

-consultants will lead discussions...

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-..and we'll have

-training sessions on the farms...

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-..to show what to do,

-and to demonstrate the advantages.

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-How does Dewi hope

-the students will benefit...

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-..from the experimental work

-at Llysfasi?

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-The sole purpose

-is to make the best use of pasture.

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-Statistics show

-that on many farms...

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-..only half the pasture grown

-is actually used.

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-But on those farms

-that manage pasture differently...

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-..and perhaps in better ways,

-80% of that pasture can be used.

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-That's such an important resource,

-because pasture and grass is cheap.

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-Measuring has become

-increasingly important.

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-The technology is there to help us.

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-Most of our students

-are young people, of course.

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-They buy into and see the value

-of that technology very quickly.

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-Farming Connect

-is holding numerous events...

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-..focusing on recovery

-after the winter of 2015.

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-More information about these events

-can be found on their website.

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-We've recently heard a lot...

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-..about the importance

-of marketing our produce...

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-..and the valuable service

-farmers provide.

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-Recently, a group of farmers from

-Glamorgan visited a London school...

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-..to educate and plant the seeds

-from a very young age.

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-Pakeman Primary School

-is in Holloway, north London.

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-This is the site of a recent visit

-by Glamorgan YFC and NFU members...

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-..to introduce agriculture

-to the school's 300 pupils.

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-We've come here today to teach

-a lesson about agriculture...

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-..and to show children

-where food comes from.

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-The workshops

-discuss growing crops...

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-..eggs...

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-..dairy cattle and milk...

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-..lamb, fruit and vegetables.

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-It's very important to educate them

-about where their food comes from.

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-I firmly believe that,

-and not just in towns and cities.

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-Even in rural areas, many people...

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-..are far removed

-from how food reaches their plates.

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-It's nice to see them

-learning where food comes from...

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-..and what's good

-and nutritious about it.

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-We taught them

-where cereals come from...

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-..and where milk and eggs come from.

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-We then got them to mix up

-the ingredients and make pancakes.

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-The reaction was great.

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-They enjoyed it, and were excited

-to see what we were doing.

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-Everyone wanted to join in

-and have a go.

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-They were great kids.

-They enjoyed it and learnt a lot.

0:20:030:20:06

-I could see

-that they enjoyed learning.

0:20:070:20:09

-One of the boys said it was

-one of the best days of the year.

0:20:100:20:13

-They're great, really good.

0:20:130:20:15

-As farmers, it's important

-that we show what we do.

0:20:160:20:20

-That we grow food for people.

0:20:200:20:22

-To show them that, without farmers,

-they couldn't eat three meals a day.

0:20:230:20:28

-These children live in a city.

0:20:280:20:30

-They don't see cattle,

-sheep and chickens.

0:20:300:20:34

-It's important for them

-to find out...

0:20:340:20:36

-..where the food

-that goes to Tesco or Morrisons...

0:20:370:20:41

-..and then onto their plate

-comes from.

0:20:410:20:44

-With sessions about wool, crops,

-eggs, milk and planting seeds...

0:20:440:20:49

-..the children

-clearly had a great day.

0:20:490:20:52

-Well, today is farming day...

0:20:530:20:57

-..to celebrate farmers

-collecting crops for us to eat.

0:20:570:21:02

-I've enjoyed planting mint...

0:21:040:21:07

-..because I never knew

-how to plant it before.

0:21:070:21:12

-I saw the hens...

0:21:140:21:15

-..and some chickens and some chicks.

0:21:160:21:19

-We've had so much fun today.

0:21:200:21:23

-My favourite animal in the farm...

0:21:250:21:28

-..um, is a chicken...

0:21:280:21:30

-..because of how it makes its sound.

0:21:310:21:34

-Cock-a-doodle-doo!

0:21:350:21:37

-The children enjoyed it...

0:21:400:21:42

-..but how do farmers benefit

-by holding such a day?

0:21:420:21:45

-I'd like to see the curriculum

-including more of it...

0:21:460:21:51

-..with children being taught

-where their food comes from...

0:21:520:21:56

-..and what's important, you know,

-about locally-sourced produce.

0:21:570:22:03

-Knowing where everything originates.

0:22:030:22:06

-That's what I'd like to see

-coming out of a day like this.

0:22:060:22:10

-It's important for us

-to come to places like London...

0:22:100:22:16

-..with no experience

-of farmers or farms.

0:22:160:22:20

-We as farmers have a role...

0:22:200:22:23

-..to come here, teach them...

0:22:230:22:27

-..and help them to understand.

0:22:270:22:30

-Young farmers

-also have a role to come here...

0:22:300:22:33

-..to promote the industry

-in positive ways.

0:22:330:22:36

-The children

-are so excited to see us.

0:22:370:22:39

-They've all had more than one go

-at turning the mill.

0:22:400:22:44

-They're amazed

-by how butter is made from cream.

0:22:440:22:47

-It's just been...

0:22:480:22:49

-One of them asked me

-if I was a magician...

0:22:490:22:53

-..when I was milling the flour.

0:22:530:22:55

-They derived pleasure

-from seeing it...

0:22:560:22:58

-..and I derived pleasure

-from watching them learn.

0:22:590:23:02

-I wish every day was farming day.

0:23:040:23:06

-Those London children

-clearly loved farming day.

0:23:110:23:14

-That shows the importance

-of marketing our produce.

0:23:150:23:18

-That's all for this programme.

0:23:180:23:21

-We'll be back

-at the same time next week.

0:23:210:23:23

-Until then,

-thanks for your company. Goodbye.

0:23:240:23:27

-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

0:23:440:23:46

-.

0:23:460:23:46

Gydag Etholiad y Cynulliad ar y gorwel, bydd Alun yn edrych ar faniffestos y pleidiau. With the Assembly Election fast approaching, Alun Elidyr looks at the manifestos of the main parties.


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