Mewn cyfres ddwy ran, yr Arglwydd Dafydd Wigley sy'n teithio i Chicago a Maldwyn ar drywydd ei drydydd cefnder Murray the Hump. Lord Dafydd Wigley traces his links to Murray the...
Browse content similar to Pennod 1. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!
-Lord Dafydd Wigley is in Chicago...
-..to trace the history
-of his third cousin...
-..one of the most ruthless
-and clever gangsters...
-..America had ever seen.
-His name was Llewelyn Morris
-Humphreys, or Murray The Hump.
-When Al Capone
-was incarcerated in 1932...
-..The Hump was declared
-Public Enemy Number 1 by the FBI.
-The nickname, Hump...
-..is an abbreviation
-of his surname, Humphreys.
-He was also known as The Camel.
-What set him apart from every other
-gangster in this bloody city...
-..was his understanding of how
-business, politics and law worked.
-Although he preferred
-negotiating over killing...
-..he was prepared to take
-all measures deemed necessary.
-Plenty of evidence suggests
-he was a cold-blooded killer.
-Yet he commanded respect in Chicago
-and throughout America.
-Contemporaries regarded him
-as a philosopher and politician.
-He was also considered professorial.
-He was obviously
-a remarkably intelligent man.
-He was involved in
-the St Valentine's Day Massacre...
-..which took place some 20 yards
-from where The Hump was born.
-While Al Capone was being
-interrogated by the police...
-arranged an alibi for his boss.
-some dressed as police officers...
-..opened fire on Bugs Moran's mob.
-He was a competitor in the
-lucrative illegal alcohol market.
-The selling of alcohol
-was prohibited in America...
-It was here on St Valentine's Day
-1920 that the massacre took place.
-Six of Al Capone's adversaries
-were shot in a garage...
-..which stood on this site.
-It's believed that Murray Humphreys
-was involved in the shooting...
-played a role in the plotting.
-Some of his enemies
-in the laundry business...
-..were shot dead.
-The laundry service
-was The Hump's idea.
-A respectable front
-for illegal operations.
-The term, laundering money,
-has been derived from that practice.
-On that fateful
-St Valentine's Day...
-..a river of blood flowed
-from the garage onto the street.
-But Bugs Moran
-avoided the bloodbath.
-He sensed something was wrong
-and kept his distance.
-The savageness of Chicago
-is a far cry...
-..from the serenity
-Llewelyn Morris Humphreys's parents
-emigrated to America in 1889.
-His mother hailed
-from the Llyn Clywedog region.
-His father was
-from Castell Farm in Carno.
-Their Welsh relatives were reluctant
-to embrace the gangster.
-It was Huw Davies
-who let the cat out of the bag.
-I was in Chicago, researching a
-series about the Welsh in America...
-..with the author and academic,
-in the Bureau of Vital Statistics...
-..and I asked for Llewelyn Morris
-Humphreys's death certificate.
-Within an hour, I find out...
-..that not only
-had he died in Chicago...
-..and was an investment adviser...
-..but his mother
-was called Ann Wigley.
-As a native of Montgomeryshire...
-..I was sure she had connections
-with this area.
-My father was watching
-Huw's programme in 1977...
-..about America's bicentenary.
-He was sitting at home,
-whisky in hand.
-The first half of the programme
-was about Frank Lloyd Wright.
-The second half focused
-on this man from Montgomeryshire.
-was Bryan Humphreys from Carno.
-was from the same area.
-The gangster's mother
-was Ann Wigley.
-My father suddenly woke up,
-spilling whisky everywhere.
-That was the first time we learnt...
-..that we were related
-to a gangster.
-I later discovered in London
-that his parents were married...
-..in China Street, Llanidloes...
-..where we'd filmed a series
-on Emrys ab Iwan months previously.
-That's how we found out
-about the man.
-However, that does not explain
-the couple's emigration.
-Why would anyone want to leave here
-for America, especially Chicago?
-The reason is open to conjecture.
-gave birth to two children...
-..before her marriage to Bryan
-in China Street, Llanidloes.
-Bryan was most probably
-the children's father.
-It's believed that three other women
-were also pregnant by him.
-In order to stifle the scandal...
-..and to dodge the women's
-families seeking revenge...
-far from Montgomeryshire.
-Bryan and Ann Humphreys settled
-in Racine in the state of Wisconsin.
-At the time, it was a small town
-with a strong Welsh influence.
-Some 2,000 of the 15,000 population
-were Welsh-speaking residents.
-Bryan and his new wife, Ann,
-came to Racine...
-..because Ann had a relative here
-called David Painter Wigley...
-a major business in Racine.
-The building behind me
-is still trading...
-no longer belongs to the family.
-This is where they lived for two
-years after first coming to America.
-This book is proof that
-Bryan Humphreys and Ann Wigley...
-..had corresponded with
-David Painter Wigley here in Racine.
-The book is called Hanes Bywyd A
-Marwolaeth Yr Arglwydd Iesu Grist...
-..by the Honourable TL Hughes, Ohio.
-There is a written message
-in English on the first page.
-Mr William Bryan Humphreys...
-"..on his departure to America.
-"With good wishes
-for his future success...
-"..by Sara Jones, Minffordd, Carno,
-27th of July, 1889."
-This book was left...
-..at the home of DP Wigley...
-Bryan Humphreys had lived here...
-..before moving to Chicago
-and leaving this behind.
-If he'd taken the book with him...
-..and raised Murray Humphreys
-on these teachings...
-he'd have turned out differently.
-where Bryan worked...
-..Dafydd Wigley's next step was
-to find out where he used to live.
-All was revealed...
-..in a reference book
-about Racine from 1890.
-He left the museum...
-..in search of his relatives'
-first home in America.
-But disappointment awaited him.
-This is it.
-We're here in Davis Place
-where Bryan and Ann Humphreys lived.
-Nothing remains of their house.
-The house had vanished.
-Bryan and Ann
-had vanished from Racine too.
-Perhaps the parochial
-Welsh community of Wisconsin...
-..was too narrow-minded
-for a man like Bryan.
-The same could not be said
-for Chicago, 70 miles away.
-The two were worlds apart.
-In 1891, Bryan and Ann Humphreys,
-along with their daughter, Ethel...
-..moved to Chicago,
-which was already a major city.
-the World's Fair was held here.
-It was a gritty, industrial city
-and life was hard...
-..with much poverty.
-Bryan Humphreys and his wife
-came during this industrial era...
-..and it was into this society
-that Murray Humphreys was born.
-In the same city
-during the same year...
-..a son was born to another family
-of immigrants, this time from Italy.
-His name was Alphonse Capone.
-Between them, they succeeded...
-..to undermine the entire
-law and order system in America...
-..from the ghetto
-to the White House.
-The Chicago that Bryan and Ann
-Humphreys inhabited in 1891...
-to a million economic fugitives...
-..from Italy, Ireland
-and all over Europe.
-As a centre
-for industry and finance...
-..crime was rife in the city.
-Initially, at least...
-..Bryan Humphreys managed
-to avoid Chicago's temptations.
-Life was comfortable
-for him and his family.
-Llewelyn, the future gangster...
-..is the golden-haired child
-in this photograph.
-But once the father lost his job,
-it all began to fall apart.
-Bryan Humphreys was a coachman to
-one of Chicago's wealthiest men...
-..when he first moved there
-He had a drink problem...
-..which led to him losing his job...
-..forcing him out
-of a respectable area...
-..where the children
-had started school...
-..into a poor neighbourhood.
-Llewelyn had to leave school
-at seven years of age.
-He sold newspapers
-on a street corner...
-..and had to fight for his patch.
-Life was hard. He came into contact
-with Chicago's worst elements.
-From an early age...
-..Llewelyn Humphreys learnt the most
-important lesson in gangsterism.
-Securing and ruling territory.
-Inevitably he got into trouble
-with the authorities.
-At one point, he came across
-a character called Judge Murray.
-According to family legend...
-..he influenced him a great deal and
-tried to persuade him to study Law.
-He saw potential in the young boy.
-thought so highly of this judge...
-..that he adopted his name and
-became known as Murray Humphreys.
-He learnt so much from the judge....
-..but this wisdom wasn't used
-as the judge had intended.
-When he was 15,
-he committed a crime...
-a custodial sentence.
-He tried to strike a deal
-with the prosecutor at City Hall.
-If he were charged
-with a lesser crime...
-..that didn't carry a prison
-sentence, then he'd plead guilty.
-The prosecutor would be praised for
-bringing a criminal to justice...
-..and be rewarded with a small gift.
-That's precisely what happened.
-He pleaded guilty to a lesser charge
-and the following day...
-..an expensive watch
-was delivered to the prosecutor.
-as he was now known...
-..was on his way
-to becoming a gangster.
-he was involved in an incident...
-..which forced him out of Chicago
-to his brother's home in Oklahoma.
-It was in the town of Norman that
-he met Mary Clementine Brendle...
-..who was half-Irish, half-Cherokee.
-They were married, and the
-educated and sophisticated wife...
-..taught her husband the skills...
-..to behave like a real gentlemen
-in his home movies...
-..and to socialize confidently
-with prominent American leaders.
-The Hump returned to Chicago...
-..with his new wife.
-In his absence, the city's gangsters
-A year earlier, the Government
-..prohibiting alcohol from being
-manufactured and sold in the USA.
-For the gangsters, it was a
-wonderful opportunity to make money.
-In the years that followed...
-was the mainstay of their business.
-It proved a continuous battle
-between police and gangsters.
-The police occasionally won.
-Here they are destroying 30,000
-worth of illegal liquor in Chicago.
-The gangsters made millions
-upon millions of dollars profit.
-It wasn't just the usual mobsters
-who profited from Prohibition.
-It was how Joe Kennedy, the father
-of President JF Kennedy...
-..made his fortune -
-the first of many.
-We'll hear more
-about the difficult relationship...
-..between him and Murray The Hump
-in the next programme.
-But soon after returning
-did something foolish.
-He set out to sabotage...
-..a lorry load of alcohol
-belonging to Al Capone.
-He held the driver at gunpoint
-and hijacked the load.
-Of course, he was caught
-and brought before Al Capone.
-Such a crime
-usually resulted in death.
-as he did with Judge Murray...
-..Llewelyn convinced Al Capone
-that he had something to offer.
-Instead of shooting him...
-decided to recruit him into his mob.
-From that moment onwards...
-..Al Capone relied wholeheartedly on
-The Hump's imagination and vision.
-The pair's influence...
-..permeated all aspects
-of American life.
-The biggest problem
-faced by the authorities...
-..was getting people to testify
-against gangsters of this ilk.
-They knew how to buy
-a witness's silence...
-..with money or with threats.
-was imprisoned for 18 months...
-..for income tax fraud,
-the lesser of his crimes, in 1934.
-He told the press
-he'd spend his time behind bars...
-..studying English and Geometry.
-This was a typical statement
-from the gangster...
-..who was different
-from all the rest.
-Once he was freed,
-the Welshman returned home...
-..and closed the door
-on the gangster world.
-We're here outside
-Murray Humphreys's home...
-..where he and his family
-lived in the suburbs.
-a respectable neighbourhood...
-..where he was able
-to keep a low profile.
-There was a playhouse in the back
-garden for his daughter, Llewella.
-It was aptly named
-the crooked house...
-..after the family who lived here.
-Thanks to his love
-of home movies and editing...
-..remarkable footage exists
-of Murray Humphreys.
-He and some of America's
-most notorious gangsters...
-..are captured as doting fathers and
-husbands at home with the family.
-Murray's daughter, Llewella...
-..gave these films
-to Huw Davies as a gift.
-Some of the most interesting items
-are the home movies.
-Llewella was treated
-as their little princess.
-They call her
-their American princess.
-Here's the gangster himself
-in the flesh...
-..putting his American princess
-to bed on Christmas Eve.
-And here he is, reminding Llewella
-that she hasn't said her prayers.
-The Christmas celebrations and
-the tree were huge and fantastic.
-There were endless presents.
-They were obviously
-a wealthy family.
-1940 was a poor Christmas
-for the Welsh...
-..and the rest
-of continental Europe.
-It was the second Christmas
-of the Second World War.
-America was yet to join the war.
-Poor is the last word you'd use
-to describe the way...
-..in which Christmas was celebrated
-at the Humphreys' household.
-Ann, nee Wigley,
-The Hump's mother...
-..leads the invited guests
-to the dinner table.
-Among them is her son, Ernest,
-who was also a mobster.
-Here's a motley crew...
-..tucking into turkey at Christmas.
-The Hump's home movies contain
-the only footage of his parents.
-It's so strange
-to see his parents...
-..who were both from this area,
-..in these movies.
-I found that very strange. The film
-is in colour and very professional.
-It was shot on 16mm film.
-It's a treasure trove to me.
-It's no wonder that The Hump
-took an interest in film-making.
-The Welshman and his gangsters
-ruled the trade unions...
-..the Hollywood studios
-and the cinemas.
-One of the strangest experiences
-was seeing footage of him...
-..and Fay Wray,
-the star of King Kong...
-..walking together in Hollywood.
-It's proof that he was
-a Hollywood boss during that era.
-There was no end
-to Murray Humphreys's influence.
-Though his parents would have known
-not to build a house on sand...
-..they didn't dissuade
-their son from doing so.
-He didn't just build a house
-in the Nevada desert...
-..he built an entire city.
-He financed the venture
-by stealing from the pension fund...
-..of the Teamsters
-Transport Workers Union.
-One of the most remarkable feats...
-..was the way in which
-Murray Humphreys created Las Vegas.
-He set about bribing...
-of the state government...
-..in order to change the law
-to allow gambling.
-Having succeeded, he built hotels
-incorporating gambling casinos.
-He owned two of the largest
-gambling hotels in the city.
-As a consequence...
-..hundreds of millions of dollars
-flooded through Chicago...
-..from the mob's exploits
-in Las Vegas...
-..and as a direct result
-of Murray Humphreys's activities.
-It was in Vegas that The Hump mixed
-with Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin...
-..and Sammy Davis Jr,
-members of the legendary Rat Pack.
-Frank Sinatra sang at his daughter
-Llewella's lavish graduation party.
-From Italian extraction...
-..Sinatra was suspected
-of having Mafia connections.
-But his status
-as a star of stage and screen...
-..granted him entry
-into the White House in Washington.
-Later, Murray Humphreys himself
-would directly influence...
-..John F Kennedy's
-# Kennedy for me
-# Kennedy, Kennedy, Kennedy #
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.
Mewn cyfres ddwy ran, yr Arglwydd Dafydd Wigley sy'n teithio i Chicago a Maldwyn ar drywydd ei drydydd cefnder Murray the Hump. Lord Dafydd Wigley traces his links to Murray the Hump.