Pennod 2 Gwreiddiau: Murray the Hump


Pennod 2

Yr Arglwydd Dafydd Wigley sy'n teithio i Chicago a Maldwyn ar drywydd ei berthynas Murray the Hump. Lord Dafydd Wigley explores his family's links with notorious gangster Murray...


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-Lord Dafydd Wigley

-is still in Chicago...

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-..tracing the history of

-his third cousin who was a gangster.

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-Llewelyn Morris Humphreys

-was born in Montgomeryshire.

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-He was known throughout the

-criminal world as Murray The Hump.

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-As a boy, I remember watching

-The St Valentine's Day Massacre...

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-..a film about the shooting

-of Al Capone's enemies...

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-..on North Clark Street, Chicago,

-behind me.

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-Little did I think back then that

-a Welshman was involved in it...

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-..let alone that there was

-a family connection.

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-Even if there was

-blood on his hands...

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-..Dafydd Wigley's relative

-and partner of Al Capone...

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-..was no ordinary gangster.

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-There's plenty of evidence to

-suggest he was a heartless killer.

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-But he commanded respect

-in Chicago and across America.

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-The government enforced

-the prohibition of alcohol in 1920.

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-It was music to the ears

-of America's mobsters...

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-..one of whom was Murray The Hump.

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-They formed gangs

-to supply illegal alcohol...

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-..to a thirsty nation.

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-This provided the basis on which

-the mobsters built their fortune.

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-They went on to control

-trade unions and the film industry.

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-They even built casinos

-in the Nevada desert.

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-They sought to bribe judges,

-policemen and politicians.

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-All these activities were primarily

-orchestrated by Murray Humphreys...

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-..the son of Bryan Humphreys

-and Ann Wigley...

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-..from Carno and Staylittle in the

-serene county of Montgomeryshire.

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-Dafydd Wigley has been

-tracing the criminal history...

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-..of the prodigal genius,

-Murray The Hump.

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-He later moved to Oklahoma...

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-..with wife Clemi

-and daughter Llewella...

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-..to enjoy a quieter life,

-away from the trappings of Chicago.

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-We're in Oklahoma, searching

-for Murray Humphreys's family home.

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-This is where he came

-to escape Chicago.

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-This is the home

-in which Llewella was raised.

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-He owned

-a substantial area of land...

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-..and it is on that land

-that he is buried.

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-It's Jay, I guess?

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-It's Jay, I guess?

-

-Yes, it is.

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-Did you have trouble

-finding the place?

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-It was further than we thought

-from Oklahoma City.

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-And this is it.

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-This is the home itself, is it?

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-This is the home itself, is it?

-

-Yes, it is.

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-This was his haven,

-away from the perils of Chicago.

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-It was where he could relax.

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-Murray Humphreys himself

-did much of the building work.

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-But he still continued

-to build a gangster empire...

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-..in Chicago and beyond.

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-In time, however...

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-..J Edgar Hoover,

-Director of the FBI..

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-..declared war on the mob leaders.

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-The Top Hoodlum Program

-was under way.

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-At the top of the list

-were the most ruthless gangsters...

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-..one of whom

-was Murray Llewelyn Humphreys.

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-The latest technology was used

-to compile evidence against him.

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-Hidden microphones

-were placed in all his rooms.

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-His conversations were recorded.

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-He was followed everywhere.

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-The FBI's

-official file on The Hump...

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-..is comprehensively detailed,

-containing hundreds of pages...

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-..recording his movements

-and conversations.

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-But The Hump's guile, coupled

-with his knowledge of the law...

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-..made him a very difficult

-and slippery eel to catch.

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-He used his legal knowledge

-to great effect...

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-..in the Bartenders' Trial of 1940.

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-It was as if he was

-encouraging the chief witness...

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-..who was

-testifying against the mob...

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-..to give his evidence in court.

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-When it came to the final case

-and it was time to testify...

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-..the witness used

-the Fifth Amendment...

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-..which defended gangsters

-from giving evidence in court...

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-..and prohibited the witness

-from saying any more.

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-Consequently,

-under the double jeopardy rule...

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-..which Murray Humphreys had

-developed to wipe the slate clean...

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-..gangsters weren't tried

-for the same crimes twice.

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-All kinds of accusations

-against them were retracted.

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-It wasn't only in the courtroom

-that The Hump used his legal skills.

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-He came to the rescue of Joe

-Kennedy, father of John F Kennedy.

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-During the Prohibition, Joe

-had been selling illegal liquor...

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-..on another mob's patch,

-which was a deadly crime.

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-A contract

-was taken out on his life.

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-If he hadn't sought

-the help of Murray Humphreys...

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-..the Kennedy dynasty's founder

-would have been shot...

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-..in the same way as any

-regular gangster would have been.

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-It was only Murray Humphreys who

-had the authority within the mob...

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-..to cancel the contract

-on Joe Kennedy's life.

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-He was only 30 years old

-at the time.

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-What would have happened to America

-if Joe Kennedy had been shot?

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-It's remarkable

-that a rogue like Joe Kennedy...

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-..was sent to London

-by President Roosevelt in 1938...

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-..as the US Ambassador

-to the United Kingdom.

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-Even more remarkable is the way

-in which this Irish Catholic...

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-..succeeded in getting his son

-elected as United States president.

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-He wouldn't have succeeded without

-the help of Murray and his mob.

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-In 1947,

-John Kennedy married Durie Malcolm.

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-It ended briefly and shortly after,

-he married Jackie Kennedy...

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-..without divorcing his first wife.

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-This, of course, was bigamy.

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-Murray Humphreys

-and his Chicago mob...

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-..managed to destroy any record

-of his first marriage.

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-Having sorted out

-JFK's marital problems...

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-..Murray Humphreys

-had problems of his own.

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-Clemi filed for divorce in 1957...

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-..and he married his mistress,

-Jeanne Stacy.

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-At 59 years of age,

-The Hump was 25 years her senior.

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-But he continued,

-as he'd always done...

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-..to rely on Clemi's knowledge of

-his business affairs and her advice.

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-Although he paid out 60,000

-in a divorce settlement...

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-..he still turned to Clemi because

-she had a photographic memory.

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-All Murray's business records

-were etched on her memory.

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-After Murray married Jeanne Stacy...

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-..the pair

-spent their winters in Florida.

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-The winter months

-are bitterly cold in Chicago.

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-But here the Hump was able

-to enjoy sailing and fishing.

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-There were plenty

-of criminals here too...

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-..not that Murray Humphreys

-would openly mingle with their sort.

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-Conveniently located

-a short distance from Miami...

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-..is the island of Cuba.

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-Prior to

-the Cuban Revolution in 1959...

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-..gangsters such as Humphreys were

-bribing Cuban government officials.

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-Wherever Murray went,

-the FBI were in hot pursuit.

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-Murray Humphreys made one of his

-last public appearances in 1958...

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-..before a legal investigation

-into gangster racketeering.

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-With the aid of a walking stick...

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-..and dressed in an old coat,

-a patch covering one eye...

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-..he muttered unintelligibly

-as if he were a senile old man.

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-This was all an act, of course.

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-He left the court, threw his stick

-to one side, his hat to the other...

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-..and went through the bars of

-Chicago, celebrating with friends.

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-The case was thrown out of court.

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-A senile old man couldn't be behind

-the mob's exploits in Chicago.

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-The truth is, his health

-had started to deteriorate.

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-Being hounded by the authorities

-for years had taken its toll.

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-The FBI's methods

-of tapping his conversations...

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-..and monitoring his business

-affairs became more effective.

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-He can be heard gasping

-in one taped conversation.

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-"They're right on our heels.

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-"They know too much."

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-While married to Jeanne Stacy...

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-..Murray Humphreys lived in the most

-fashionable building in Chicago.

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-An apartment

-in the Marina Towers, 55 storeys...

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-..above the city.

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-The 1960 US presidential election

-was fast approaching.

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-Joe Kennedy turned to Murray

-Humphreys and his gangsters...

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-..to ensure that his son, JFK...

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-..would be the next president

-of the United States.

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-# A man who's old enough to know

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-# A man who's old enough to know

-

-# And young enough to do

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-# It's up to you, it's up to you,

-it's strictly up to you

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-# Do you like a man

-who answers straight?

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-# A man who's always fair?

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-# We'll measure him against

-the others and when you compare

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-# You cast your vote for Kennedy

-and a change that's overdue

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-# So it's up to you, it's up to you,

-it's strictly up to you

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-# It's Kennedy, Kennedy, Kennedy,

-Kennedy, Kennedy, Kennedy for me

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-# Kennedy, Kennedy, Kennedy,

-Kennedy, Kennedy, Kennedy

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-# Kennedy #

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Leading up to

-the 1960 presidential election...

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-..Murray Humphreys moved

-to the Hilton Hotel in Chicago.

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-Unbeknown to the FBI, it was there

-that he influenced his contacts...

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-..across

-the length and breadth of America.

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-Trade unionists,

-lawyers, politicians.

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-He put pressure on them all

-to support Kennedy.

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-Why was Murray Humphreys...

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-..who had always detested the

-Kennedys, so willing to help them?

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-The fact is, the mob had taken

-the decision en masse.

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-Although he was against the idea,

-he accepted the majority's decision.

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-He capitalized on this because

-if Kennedy became president...

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-..brother Bobby Kennedy would

-reduce the pressure on the mob.

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-JFK was elected president

-by a hair's breadth.

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-The result was so close...

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-..that it is fair to say that Murray

-Humphreys's efforts were crucial.

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-But instead of allowing

-the gangsters more freedom...

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-..the Kennedys broke their promise.

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-The newly-appointed

-Attorney General, Bobby Kennedy...

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-..declared war on the mobs.

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-His aim

-was to destroy them completely...

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-..beginning with the leaders.

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-Close to the top of his list

-was Murray Llewelyn Humphreys.

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-Three years after being elected...

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-..in Dallas, Texas, November 1963...

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-..JFK was assassinated.

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-Was that the ultimate price

-the Kennedys had to pay...

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-..for betraying the gangsters?

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-If so, how much did Murray Humphreys

-know about the plot?

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-On his death bed,

-his second wife mentioned...

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-..that he had suggested to her that

-he knew of an assassination plot.

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-In the 1930s, Humphreys himself

-had been involved in a plot...

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-..to assassinate the Chicago mayor

-and for the assassin to be shot.

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-In the Kennedy case,

-Jack Ruby shot the assassin.

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-At one time, Jack Ruby had worked in

-one of Murray Humphreys's companies.

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-Murray Humphreys

-was a ruthless criminal...

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-..but who knows

-if he was involved in this plot?

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-America and the world

-were rocked to the core...

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-..by the death of JFK.

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-The incident would have reminded

-The Hump of life's fragility.

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-He had already suffered

-three heart attacks.

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-There is a secret FBI recording

-in which he says...

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-..that he'd like to retire to Wales.

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-It never came about.

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-But after divorcing Jeanne

-in 1964...

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-..he paid his second wife

-an alimony of 18,000 a month.

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-He later holidayed in Europe...

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-..with first wife Clemi

-and daughter Llewella.

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-He visited Switzerland

-where he had bank accounts.

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-It was from there that he headed

-to Wales for the very first time...

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-..to Castell Farm in Carno,

-Montgomeryshire...

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-..which was once his father's home.

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-Mark Evans, who currently runs

-the farm, told Dafydd Wigley...

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-..that his parents

-remember a black hackney cab...

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-..pulling up at Castell Farm

-and Murray Humphreys stepping out.

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-He introduces himself...

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-..as this is where

-his ancestors were born.

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-He said, "Can I have a look

-around the house?"

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-The house in those days

-was a little bit derelict.

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-He walked around

-for an hour and a half...

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-..looked around the scenery

-and said, "Thank you very much."

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-He was polite, a really nice man...

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-..and gave my father's workman

-five pounds...

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-..as a thank you

-for what he had done.

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-He'd created a good impression.

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-Yes, he was a very pleasant man.

-A gentleman.

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-After editing a programme about

-Murray The Hump in the 1980s...

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-..Huw Davies invited Llewella,

-the little girl seen here...

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-..to Cardiff

-to view the completed version.

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-Like her father before her, Llewella

-had travelled from Switzerland.

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-I realized when we brought her

-to the studios...

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-..that she was

-clutching a bag tightly.

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-I'd call it a flight bag.

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-A black one about this size.

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-We went in

-and began watching the film.

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-She was very pleased

-because as you know...

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-..she appears often in the film,

-talking about her father.

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-She was still

-clutching this bag tightly.

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-We got into my car

-and I said to her...

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-.."What have you got there

-in your bag?

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-"You're taking great care of it."

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-"Don't worry", she said.

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-She unzipped it...

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-..and the bag

-was full of hundred-dollar bills.

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-Amazing!

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-"There's a million dollars

-in here," she said.

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-Every year she'd come to Europe

-by secretive means...

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-..to Switzerland in particular...

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-..and withdraw a million dollars...

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-..from her father's account

-every year.

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-However, Llewella died a pauper

-at 57 years of age.

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-She made reckless investments.

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-Her father was reputedly worth

-10 million dollars.

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-Who knows whether Llewella

-spent The Hump's entire fortune?

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-Her father

-had died 27 years previously.

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-He had always enjoyed retiring

-to his haven in Oklahoma...

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-..and even more so

-during his final years.

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-This place

-is far removed from Chicago.

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-This is a wonderful spot

-near Oklahoma.

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-It's situated in the country.

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-Murray Humphreys bought three

-square miles and built this house.

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-He enjoyed escaping Chicago

-to have some peace...

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-..and to avoid

-having the police on his tail.

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-He did much of the building work

-himself and was happy here.

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-The present owners haven't yet got

-to grips with overgrown gardens...

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-..and the redundant

-garden furniture...

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-..where some of America's most

-ruthless gangsters came to relax.

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-We're in the middle of Murray

-Humphreys's original swimming pool.

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-He used to throw parties here

-for his friends.

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-He used to play tricks on them.

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-He had silver dollars

-cemented to the bottom of the pool.

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-People would dive down

-and try to lift them.

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-He would sit at the side of

-the pool and laugh at their expense.

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-It was typical of him

-as he was such a prankster.

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-The FBI failed to see

-the funny side.

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-Even here,

-he couldn't escape his past.

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-During May 1965 in Chicago...

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-..he was called before

-the Federal Grand Jury...

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-..for mob racketeering.

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-The Hump disappeared

-before the second jury session.

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-The FBI tracked him down in Oklahoma

-and escorted him to Chicago.

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-After paying the 100,000 bail, he

-went to his flat in Marina Towers...

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-..to await summons

-for another court appearance.

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-But that didn't happen.

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-Murray's death came two years after

-Kennedy's assassination in Dallas.

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-Humphreys

-was in his flat at the time.

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-When two FBI agents came knocking...

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-..Humphreys

-refused to answer at first.

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-When he eventually let them in,

-he had a gun in his hand.

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-This was out of character for him.

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-Physically,

-he was a fragile 65-year-old.

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-The agents disarmed him

-and promptly arrested him.

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-He was released once again on bail

-and went home to tidy the flat...

0:20:510:20:55

-..after the scuffle

-with the agents.

0:20:550:20:58

-For a man who was involved in crime

-and murder on a grand scale...

0:20:590:21:03

-..it's ironic that vacuuming should

-be Murray Humphreys's last act.

0:21:030:21:08

-That night,

-his brother Ernest visited...

0:21:080:21:11

-..only to find

-Murray Humphreys dead on the floor.

0:21:120:21:16

-It's believed he died from

-natural causes - a heart attack.

0:21:160:21:21

-However some claim he had

-a small hole behind the ear...

0:21:210:21:25

-..which suggests someone might

-have injected air into his veins.

0:21:260:21:30

-Nevertheless, it was the end

-of an era in Chicago's history.

0:21:300:21:34

-Murray Humphreys's body

-had been embalmed...

0:21:350:21:38

-..which made it difficult

-for medics...

0:21:390:21:41

-..to examine

-the hole behind the ear.

0:21:410:21:44

-However the coroner was certain...

0:21:440:21:47

-..that Humphreys

-had suffered a fatal heart attack.

0:21:470:21:51

-He was cremated...

0:22:020:22:04

-..and his ashes

-were taken to Oklahoma.

0:22:050:22:08

-This is Murray Humphreys's

-final resting place.

0:22:100:22:14

-He is buried with his wife, Clemi...

0:22:140:22:16

-..and his daughter, Llewella.

0:22:170:22:19

-It's a substantial

-marble gravestone...

0:22:190:22:22

-..situated in a remote spot

-on what was once his territory.

0:22:220:22:28

-He was obviously

-an incredibly clever man.

0:22:360:22:39

-He managed to survive during a time

-when many lost their lives.

0:22:390:22:44

-In the end, he died in his own home.

0:22:450:22:48

-Only 10 people

-attended Murray Humphreys's funeral.

0:22:520:22:55

-This funeral was no carnival.

0:22:560:22:59

-He wouldn't have wanted that.

0:22:590:23:01

-For more than 40 years

-behind the scenes...

0:23:020:23:05

-..this Welshman influenced

-all aspects of American life.

0:23:050:23:09

-From Hollywood to Las Vegas...

0:23:090:23:12

-..and the White House.

0:23:120:23:14

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:370:23:39

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0:23:390:23:40

Yr Arglwydd Dafydd Wigley sy'n teithio i Chicago a Maldwyn ar drywydd ei berthynas Murray the Hump. Lord Dafydd Wigley explores his family's links with notorious gangster Murray the Hump.


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