Yr Arglwydd Dafydd Wigley sy'n teithio i Chicago a Maldwyn ar drywydd ei berthynas Murray the Hump. Lord Dafydd Wigley explores his family's links with notorious gangster Murray...
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-Lord Dafydd Wigley
-is still in Chicago...
-..tracing the history of
-his third cousin who was a gangster.
-Llewelyn Morris Humphreys
-was born in Montgomeryshire.
-He was known throughout the
-criminal world as Murray The Hump.
-As a boy, I remember watching
-The St Valentine's Day Massacre...
-..a film about the shooting
-of Al Capone's enemies...
-..on North Clark Street, Chicago,
-Little did I think back then that
-a Welshman was involved in it...
-..let alone that there was
-a family connection.
-Even if there was
-blood on his hands...
-..Dafydd Wigley's relative
-and partner of Al Capone...
-..was no ordinary gangster.
-There's plenty of evidence to
-suggest he was a heartless killer.
-But he commanded respect
-in Chicago and across America.
-The government enforced
-the prohibition of alcohol in 1920.
-It was music to the ears
-of America's mobsters...
-..one of whom was Murray The Hump.
-They formed gangs
-to supply illegal alcohol...
-..to a thirsty nation.
-This provided the basis on which
-the mobsters built their fortune.
-They went on to control
-trade unions and the film industry.
-They even built casinos
-in the Nevada desert.
-They sought to bribe judges,
-policemen and politicians.
-All these activities were primarily
-orchestrated by Murray Humphreys...
-..the son of Bryan Humphreys
-and Ann Wigley...
-..from Carno and Staylittle in the
-serene county of Montgomeryshire.
-Dafydd Wigley has been
-tracing the criminal history...
-..of the prodigal genius,
-Murray The Hump.
-He later moved to Oklahoma...
-..with wife Clemi
-and daughter Llewella...
-..to enjoy a quieter life,
-away from the trappings of Chicago.
-We're in Oklahoma, searching
-for Murray Humphreys's family home.
-This is where he came
-to escape Chicago.
-This is the home
-in which Llewella was raised.
-a substantial area of land...
-..and it is on that land
-that he is buried.
-It's Jay, I guess?
-It's Jay, I guess?
-Yes, it is.
-Did you have trouble
-finding the place?
-It was further than we thought
-from Oklahoma City.
-And this is it.
-This is the home itself, is it?
-This is the home itself, is it?
-Yes, it is.
-This was his haven,
-away from the perils of Chicago.
-It was where he could relax.
-Murray Humphreys himself
-did much of the building work.
-But he still continued
-to build a gangster empire...
-..in Chicago and beyond.
-In time, however...
-..J Edgar Hoover,
-Director of the FBI..
-..declared war on the mob leaders.
-The Top Hoodlum Program
-was under way.
-At the top of the list
-were the most ruthless gangsters...
-..one of whom
-was Murray Llewelyn Humphreys.
-The latest technology was used
-to compile evidence against him.
-were placed in all his rooms.
-His conversations were recorded.
-He was followed everywhere.
-official file on The Hump...
-..is comprehensively detailed,
-containing hundreds of pages...
-..recording his movements
-But The Hump's guile, coupled
-with his knowledge of the law...
-..made him a very difficult
-and slippery eel to catch.
-He used his legal knowledge
-to great effect...
-..in the Bartenders' Trial of 1940.
-It was as if he was
-encouraging the chief witness...
-testifying against the mob...
-..to give his evidence in court.
-When it came to the final case
-and it was time to testify...
-..the witness used
-the Fifth Amendment...
-..which defended gangsters
-from giving evidence in court...
-..and prohibited the witness
-from saying any more.
-under the double jeopardy rule...
-..which Murray Humphreys had
-developed to wipe the slate clean...
-..gangsters weren't tried
-for the same crimes twice.
-All kinds of accusations
-against them were retracted.
-It wasn't only in the courtroom
-that The Hump used his legal skills.
-He came to the rescue of Joe
-Kennedy, father of John F Kennedy.
-During the Prohibition, Joe
-had been selling illegal liquor...
-..on another mob's patch,
-which was a deadly crime.
-was taken out on his life.
-If he hadn't sought
-the help of Murray Humphreys...
-..the Kennedy dynasty's founder
-would have been shot...
-..in the same way as any
-regular gangster would have been.
-It was only Murray Humphreys who
-had the authority within the mob...
-..to cancel the contract
-on Joe Kennedy's life.
-He was only 30 years old
-at the time.
-What would have happened to America
-if Joe Kennedy had been shot?
-that a rogue like Joe Kennedy...
-..was sent to London
-by President Roosevelt in 1938...
-..as the US Ambassador
-to the United Kingdom.
-Even more remarkable is the way
-in which this Irish Catholic...
-..succeeded in getting his son
-elected as United States president.
-He wouldn't have succeeded without
-the help of Murray and his mob.
-John Kennedy married Durie Malcolm.
-It ended briefly and shortly after,
-he married Jackie Kennedy...
-..without divorcing his first wife.
-This, of course, was bigamy.
-and his Chicago mob...
-..managed to destroy any record
-of his first marriage.
-Having sorted out
-JFK's marital problems...
-had problems of his own.
-Clemi filed for divorce in 1957...
-..and he married his mistress,
-At 59 years of age,
-The Hump was 25 years her senior.
-But he continued,
-as he'd always done...
-..to rely on Clemi's knowledge of
-his business affairs and her advice.
-Although he paid out 60,000
-in a divorce settlement...
-..he still turned to Clemi because
-she had a photographic memory.
-All Murray's business records
-were etched on her memory.
-After Murray married Jeanne Stacy...
-spent their winters in Florida.
-The winter months
-are bitterly cold in Chicago.
-But here the Hump was able
-to enjoy sailing and fishing.
-There were plenty
-of criminals here too...
-..not that Murray Humphreys
-would openly mingle with their sort.
-a short distance from Miami...
-..is the island of Cuba.
-the Cuban Revolution in 1959...
-..gangsters such as Humphreys were
-bribing Cuban government officials.
-Wherever Murray went,
-the FBI were in hot pursuit.
-Murray Humphreys made one of his
-last public appearances in 1958...
-..before a legal investigation
-into gangster racketeering.
-With the aid of a walking stick...
-..and dressed in an old coat,
-a patch covering one eye...
-..he muttered unintelligibly
-as if he were a senile old man.
-This was all an act, of course.
-He left the court, threw his stick
-to one side, his hat to the other...
-..and went through the bars of
-Chicago, celebrating with friends.
-The case was thrown out of court.
-A senile old man couldn't be behind
-the mob's exploits in Chicago.
-The truth is, his health
-had started to deteriorate.
-Being hounded by the authorities
-for years had taken its toll.
-The FBI's methods
-of tapping his conversations...
-..and monitoring his business
-affairs became more effective.
-He can be heard gasping
-in one taped conversation.
-"They're right on our heels.
-"They know too much."
-While married to Jeanne Stacy...
-..Murray Humphreys lived in the most
-fashionable building in Chicago.
-in the Marina Towers, 55 storeys...
-..above the city.
-The 1960 US presidential election
-was fast approaching.
-Joe Kennedy turned to Murray
-Humphreys and his gangsters...
-..to ensure that his son, JFK...
-..would be the next president
-of the United States.
-# A man who's old enough to know
-# A man who's old enough to know
-# And young enough to do
-# It's up to you, it's up to you,
-it's strictly up to you
-# Do you like a man
-who answers straight?
-# A man who's always fair?
-# We'll measure him against
-the others and when you compare
-# You cast your vote for Kennedy
-and a change that's overdue
-# So it's up to you, it's up to you,
-it's strictly up to you
-# It's Kennedy, Kennedy, Kennedy,
-Kennedy, Kennedy, Kennedy for me
-# Kennedy, Kennedy, Kennedy,
-Kennedy, Kennedy, Kennedy
-# Kennedy #
-Leading up to
-the 1960 presidential election...
-..Murray Humphreys moved
-to the Hilton Hotel in Chicago.
-Unbeknown to the FBI, it was there
-that he influenced his contacts...
-the length and breadth of America.
-He put pressure on them all
-to support Kennedy.
-Why was Murray Humphreys...
-..who had always detested the
-Kennedys, so willing to help them?
-The fact is, the mob had taken
-the decision en masse.
-Although he was against the idea,
-he accepted the majority's decision.
-He capitalized on this because
-if Kennedy became president...
-..brother Bobby Kennedy would
-reduce the pressure on the mob.
-JFK was elected president
-by a hair's breadth.
-The result was so close...
-..that it is fair to say that Murray
-Humphreys's efforts were crucial.
-But instead of allowing
-the gangsters more freedom...
-..the Kennedys broke their promise.
-Attorney General, Bobby Kennedy...
-..declared war on the mobs.
-was to destroy them completely...
-..beginning with the leaders.
-Close to the top of his list
-was Murray Llewelyn Humphreys.
-Three years after being elected...
-..in Dallas, Texas, November 1963...
-..JFK was assassinated.
-Was that the ultimate price
-the Kennedys had to pay...
-..for betraying the gangsters?
-If so, how much did Murray Humphreys
-know about the plot?
-On his death bed,
-his second wife mentioned...
-..that he had suggested to her that
-he knew of an assassination plot.
-In the 1930s, Humphreys himself
-had been involved in a plot...
-..to assassinate the Chicago mayor
-and for the assassin to be shot.
-In the Kennedy case,
-Jack Ruby shot the assassin.
-At one time, Jack Ruby had worked in
-one of Murray Humphreys's companies.
-was a ruthless criminal...
-..but who knows
-if he was involved in this plot?
-America and the world
-were rocked to the core...
-..by the death of JFK.
-The incident would have reminded
-The Hump of life's fragility.
-He had already suffered
-three heart attacks.
-There is a secret FBI recording
-in which he says...
-..that he'd like to retire to Wales.
-It never came about.
-But after divorcing Jeanne
-..he paid his second wife
-an alimony of 18,000 a month.
-He later holidayed in Europe...
-..with first wife Clemi
-and daughter Llewella.
-He visited Switzerland
-where he had bank accounts.
-It was from there that he headed
-to Wales for the very first time...
-..to Castell Farm in Carno,
-..which was once his father's home.
-Mark Evans, who currently runs
-the farm, told Dafydd Wigley...
-..that his parents
-remember a black hackney cab...
-..pulling up at Castell Farm
-and Murray Humphreys stepping out.
-He introduces himself...
-..as this is where
-his ancestors were born.
-He said, "Can I have a look
-around the house?"
-The house in those days
-was a little bit derelict.
-He walked around
-for an hour and a half...
-..looked around the scenery
-and said, "Thank you very much."
-He was polite, a really nice man...
-..and gave my father's workman
-..as a thank you
-for what he had done.
-He'd created a good impression.
-Yes, he was a very pleasant man.
-After editing a programme about
-Murray The Hump in the 1980s...
-..Huw Davies invited Llewella,
-the little girl seen here...
-to view the completed version.
-Like her father before her, Llewella
-had travelled from Switzerland.
-I realized when we brought her
-to the studios...
-..that she was
-clutching a bag tightly.
-I'd call it a flight bag.
-A black one about this size.
-We went in
-and began watching the film.
-She was very pleased
-because as you know...
-..she appears often in the film,
-talking about her father.
-She was still
-clutching this bag tightly.
-We got into my car
-and I said to her...
-.."What have you got there
-in your bag?
-"You're taking great care of it."
-"Don't worry", she said.
-She unzipped it...
-..and the bag
-was full of hundred-dollar bills.
-"There's a million dollars
-in here," she said.
-Every year she'd come to Europe
-by secretive means...
-..to Switzerland in particular...
-..and withdraw a million dollars...
-..from her father's account
-However, Llewella died a pauper
-at 57 years of age.
-She made reckless investments.
-Her father was reputedly worth
-10 million dollars.
-Who knows whether Llewella
-spent The Hump's entire fortune?
-had died 27 years previously.
-He had always enjoyed retiring
-to his haven in Oklahoma...
-..and even more so
-during his final years.
-is far removed from Chicago.
-This is a wonderful spot
-It's situated in the country.
-Murray Humphreys bought three
-square miles and built this house.
-He enjoyed escaping Chicago
-to have some peace...
-..and to avoid
-having the police on his tail.
-He did much of the building work
-himself and was happy here.
-The present owners haven't yet got
-to grips with overgrown gardens...
-..and the redundant
-..where some of America's most
-ruthless gangsters came to relax.
-We're in the middle of Murray
-Humphreys's original swimming pool.
-He used to throw parties here
-for his friends.
-He used to play tricks on them.
-He had silver dollars
-cemented to the bottom of the pool.
-People would dive down
-and try to lift them.
-He would sit at the side of
-the pool and laugh at their expense.
-It was typical of him
-as he was such a prankster.
-The FBI failed to see
-the funny side.
-he couldn't escape his past.
-During May 1965 in Chicago...
-..he was called before
-the Federal Grand Jury...
-..for mob racketeering.
-The Hump disappeared
-before the second jury session.
-The FBI tracked him down in Oklahoma
-and escorted him to Chicago.
-After paying the 100,000 bail, he
-went to his flat in Marina Towers...
-..to await summons
-for another court appearance.
-But that didn't happen.
-Murray's death came two years after
-Kennedy's assassination in Dallas.
-was in his flat at the time.
-When two FBI agents came knocking...
-refused to answer at first.
-When he eventually let them in,
-he had a gun in his hand.
-This was out of character for him.
-he was a fragile 65-year-old.
-The agents disarmed him
-and promptly arrested him.
-He was released once again on bail
-and went home to tidy the flat...
-..after the scuffle
-with the agents.
-For a man who was involved in crime
-and murder on a grand scale...
-..it's ironic that vacuuming should
-be Murray Humphreys's last act.
-his brother Ernest visited...
-..only to find
-Murray Humphreys dead on the floor.
-It's believed he died from
-natural causes - a heart attack.
-However some claim he had
-a small hole behind the ear...
-..which suggests someone might
-have injected air into his veins.
-Nevertheless, it was the end
-of an era in Chicago's history.
-Murray Humphreys's body
-had been embalmed...
-..which made it difficult
-the hole behind the ear.
-However the coroner was certain...
-had suffered a fatal heart attack.
-He was cremated...
-..and his ashes
-were taken to Oklahoma.
-This is Murray Humphreys's
-final resting place.
-He is buried with his wife, Clemi...
-..and his daughter, Llewella.
-It's a substantial
-..situated in a remote spot
-on what was once his territory.
-He was obviously
-an incredibly clever man.
-He managed to survive during a time
-when many lost their lives.
-In the end, he died in his own home.
-Only 10 people
-attended Murray Humphreys's funeral.
-This funeral was no carnival.
-He wouldn't have wanted that.
-For more than 40 years
-behind the scenes...
-..this Welshman influenced
-all aspects of American life.
-From Hollywood to Las Vegas...
-..and the White House.
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.
Yr Arglwydd Dafydd Wigley sy'n teithio i Chicago a Maldwyn ar drywydd ei berthynas Murray the Hump. Lord Dafydd Wigley explores his family's links with notorious gangster Murray the Hump.