Episode 19 Inside Out

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Episode 19

Does having a Muslim name damage a person's job prospects? Why are European nurses starting to turn their backs on Britain? And how American crayfish are invading UK waterways.

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I Matthew Wright, you're watching Inside Out. Does having a Muslim


name damage your chances in the job market? There is a link in people's


minds between that and terrorism. That is why there is a problem. How


the Brexit vote is making it tough to find the European nurses the NHS


needs. On the NHS is already greatly understaffed. If you take away the


EU nurses it will be mayhem. And the American crayfish invading the


capital pot and what ways .- it was recognised that these American


crayfish that they thought were immune to the crayfish plague


carried it, and that will kill any non-American crayfish within two or


three weeks. President Trump's travel orders


against seven Muslim majority countries has been religious


discrimination at the top of the news agenda. Termination can come in


many forms, both blatant and subtle, and Inside Out Maul Has Been


Investigating Whether And Under Representation Of Muslims Is As A


Result Of Discrimination In The Jobs Market. We Conducted Our Own


Exclusive Research And Caroline Wyatt Has The Story. I'm In Between


Jobs At The Moment. It Is Quite Clear That It Is Not My


Qualifications that is the issue, it is my religion. NMI is there is a


link between Islam and terrorism. I think that is why they think there


is a link. They don't want to employ others. I been taken along the lines


of changing my name. Just to get the focus of my religion. Kangol name


religion hurt your search for a job? It is a topic of debate amongst many


Muslims with good reason. According to a report, Muslims are three times


more likely to be unemployed than anyone else. Soldiers are based on


your race... Is coach works with many Muslim job-seekers. She claims


some officers have admitted to routinely rejecting applicants with


Muslim horse or in sounding names. They have said to me the record that


when organisations do contact them, they have said don't send as any


foreign names. When I have questioned them, are you colluding


with them in not sending them, the recruitment consultants have said,


well, we need the business, and what is the point of sending them CDs and


applications when the ad is going to be returned. Armies of applicants at


a disadvantage? RACV is more likely to be rejected? To find out, we


don't undertake a experiment. Every park about managerial jobs, it is


really a CV or an application that starts the process. We have teamed


up with one of the UK's most renowned social scientist to help


with the experiments to ensure its accuracy. What we have done here is


great to resonate that are more or less identical. But they give to


different names. In one case here we have Abdul and in another Muhammad.


So these two job-seekers averagely indistinguishable, though they have


both have achieved degrees. They both worked as trainee managers and


will each be submitting applications for vacancies in the highly


competitive field of advertising sales. We will later find out how


they are doing. I have lived here for five years. Like many with the


women, this woman attends classes to help with her English. This is like


this take place across the capital after Government research suggested


poor language skills were to blame for high levels of unemployment. But


even Muslims who speak impeccable English can struggle. Ahmed, who


doesn't want to be identified, works as a building contractor and is


speaking from experience about a disturbing incident with a potential


employer. You is recruiting someone for a managerial position, it would


involve travelling to China, Japan, it was my dream job. If you days


later, and it received a text message from the man who had


requested his CVs. My previous dislike of Islam has no hard and


into real hate. That religion threatens our society, he said. I


felt threatened. This person with so much hatred has got my address. He


could do something to my family. Muslim men are 76% less likely to be


employed than their white Christian counterparts. Growing numbers claim


they are barred from the workforce due to prejudice. There is a


perception of Muslim employees in considered to be disloyal,


political, there appears to sometimes read as being


fundamentalist. This woman is a barrister who represents Muslims


taking legal action against employers. She believes that


prejudice against Muslims in the job market has escalated dramatically


over the last 15 years. Every time there is a terrorist incident, will


see that there is a growth in this treatment of employees. There has


been a spate of these cases since the terrorist attacks of 2005. Many


Muslim applicants modify the names to improve their chances in the job


market. Some Muslims have even been forced by their job markets to bats


bosses to adopt English names. My employer looked at my name and said


it wouldn't do, EZ introduce yourself as Terry Miles, some name


like that. I was very unhappy to do so. Mio recovery Joseph instead. I


kept saying no, that's not right. The athlete I had a middle name, but


he couldn't pronounce it, so he just told me Chris. This man works for a


farm is. It has taken him their to reach this senior role. I put my CV


in and was disappointed that I got rejection letters, someone suggested


that I put in an English name with my CV and see who they offer the job


to? Cyprus in my real name and I also put one in which John Smith.


John Smith got the interview. I got rejected for the interview. It is


the man since our job-seekers apply for the same 100 vacancies, so how


have they done? Allen Adam got 12 positive responses. -- full


responses from headhunters. The other applicant only got to


enquiries from headhunters. What we have identified is that the Muslim


sounding person byes CV is only likely to get them an interview in


one out of three cases where an Anglo-Saxon neighbours get a


response, a positive response. Research is based on a small sample,


but it does indicate a pattern of prejudice. Some organisations are


trialling name blind CDs, which stopped recruitment office making


unfair judgments. This unemployed chartered surveyor believes the


effect is limited. I've seen many people who are less skilled than me


but have risen up into more senior management positions much faster and


quicker, because their face fits. An application from a candidate like


myself at that early stage, sometimes they don't reveal the name


of the person, but clearly when you want into an interview, it is quite


apparent that you're not going to be John Smith. High levels of


joblessness have had a devastating effect on Muslim communities across


the capital. More than half of Muslim households live in poverty,


higher than any other social group. Changing this will require equal


access to employment. Caroline Wyatt reporting. Still to come,... My best


customers and the authors. We want crayfish. ... -- authors. MPs have


been thrashing out a bill to trigger Brexit, some sectors were a scene


where the effects of being keenly felt. That is certainly case for the


NHS, which is heavily dependent on the EU nurses, especially here in


the capital. Our urgent calls for the Government to clarify the status


of these workers to protect front line services. We made some


fantastic people who are anxious, who come here because they want to


do a really good job to a high standard. What they want is clarity,


like we all do. To sell the NHS do you nurses is much harder than it


was prior to Brexit. The NHS is already really gravely understaffed,


see if you take away the universes, it will be mayhem. -- EU nurses.


This man completed his medical training in Austria, he is now


working as a senior staff nurse at great on the. He is a long-term


ventilated patient, he had six surgeries already, he was really


sick at the beginning will stop he is smiling all the time now and he


is getting really good. I came here in December 2015 and I've been


working here since then. I always wanted to gain international


experience and prove my skills. For me, the NHS means always excellence


and high standards. You're addressing has been changed, right?


Last summer's vote in favour of Brexit means that the future status


of nurses like him is uncertain. They may lose their jobs and be


forced to leave the UK. The situation is unclear. We have a loss


of nurses from abroad, Spain, Italy and Portugal, it is a big impact for


the NHS if we had to leave. I do hope there will be a chance to stay


here. Cuts to training budgets and a shortage of nurses mean that many


hospitals rely heavily on EU nurses like this man. We haven't got enough


nurses in the UK to fill our vacancies and we do need people who


want to come and work and live in the UK, and when you look at the


figures, which are high, it is 13% of the nurses in London have been


recruited from Europe. That is 7000 individuals that are currently


supporting our families and our people out with their care. That is


a big impact if they were not to be hair. We're going to do ventilation


here... I Le Pen a world in the European Union where there was no


question about if I would be welcome in another state, I would just go


because I can, it is my right. Is Italian nurse is in her final year


of training at London's Southbank University. She may also be forced


to leave the UK after Brexit. I was quite shocked by the Brexit vote. I


never expected a result like this. I felt a bit betrayed because these


are the people that we look after, so they can see the level of care we


provide, they can see how we work. To think that they act the professor


as not being hair, it was a bit of a shock. She believes that Brexit is


going to throw up numerous obstacles for EU nurses wanted to work here. I


think there is going to be first of all a psychological impact on nurses


wanting to come here, and then there is the practicalities. Need a Visa?


They might say you can't stay here unless you have a certain minimum


income. What if they lose their job for whatever reason? Do they need to


be deported? Currently, recruiting nurses from the EU is relatively


straightforward. The European directive ensures that training


standards are the same across all the member states. Post Brexit, this


is likely to change. If we do have to treat those coming from Spain,


Italy, France on the same footing as those coming from Canada and the


etc, it is probably going to take longer. Funny companies who have


been recruiting EU nurses for the NHS, the pipeline has already


started to drive. We have seen approximately a 20% reduction of


placements. To sell the NHS to the EU nurses is much harder than it was


prior to Brexit. They are scared of giving up everything within their


homes, moving across to the UK, and not feeling valued, feeling like it


might not be a permanent opportunity. Last time I was in


Spain, I was approached by a nurse who wondered if she would be welcome


in England. Which is such a shame. New figures have revealed that while


over 1300 nurses from the EU register to work in Britain last


July, in December that figure had fallen to just over 100. Among the


EU nurses already employed here, only those who have worked long


enough to qualify for residency had been able to achieve a degree of job


security. I applied for a permanent residents and I got the results in


December, and from now until... And now I can nicely worked here and


stay in the UK. So the doctors saw you today... This nurse completed


her degree and portico a goal in 2009. Since then, she has worked for


a London hospital trust, supervising stroke patients. That is why you're


having problems with your right hand. The left side of the brain


controls the right side. If I were staying in Portugal, I would be a


clinical specialist seven years after I qualified. I think the NHS


invests in their staff in a way that my country doesn't. We think your


stroke is on the left side of the brain. There are many EU nurses


working here who might not have the option of staying. Concerns about


the potential damage Brexit could do to the nursing pipeline are being


put to the Government by the Cavendish coalition. And an umbrella


group of 33 different health organisations including NHS


employers. What they are asking for is that they are granted indefinite


leave to remain. So they they are clear they have a real commitment


from this country to being part of our population and part of our


social care and health provision beyond just leaving the European


Union. We contacted the Department of Health told is that the Prime


Minister has been clear... For London's 7000 EU nurses official


assurances can come soon enough. I certainly want to see the Government


clarifying their position on EU workers. They know perfectly the NHS


cannot cope without ours. They have to do it build batter is about as


the NHS will collapse. -- with outdoors. It's great that so many of


our rivers and canals are a lot cleaner than they used to be, and


wildlife is thriving. However, is one resident of what a waste that


has been making itself unwelcome. We said Nigel Barden divide out more


about the invasion of the American crayfish. -- find out. This could be


the Mississippi Delta. It is only 12 miles from the City of London. Dust


is the perfect time to set your crayfish trap. -- dusk. This


fisherman is looking forward to a good catch. We use a bait of


mackerel or anything fishy and oily and we just placed that out in the


water, make sure the zip is closed, and we leave them in there for


approximately 24 to 48 hours,. They can go out. On a good catch, that


would be between 120 and 150 kilos. That is a lot of crayfish. Crayfish


are very tasty and crayfish gumbo is a fantastic dish. Our waterways and


London are chock-full of them. This isn't a great story about food on


our doorstep, it is bad news, because these are invaders. They


nearly killed off all our native species. But how did they get here


in the first place? They were introduced for fishery business to


export to stand on a via back in 1976. They were put into various


quarries and fisheries around outside London and further, and they


breed and they've got legs and they can get out the lakes, which they


did. They sped around. Very soon after they were introduced, it was


recognised that these American crayfish that they thought were


immune to the crayfish plague carried it, and that will kill any


non-American crayfish within two or three weeks. And kill them it did.


Our waterways are now full of these invaders. They become a big


environmental problem as local fishermen have witnessed. They can


damage the environment, burrow into the banks, clear natural vegetation


and water which fish and other water invertebrates rely on. Babel eat


fish eggs. It stops further populations of fish coming through.


Occasionally they can easily catch and eat small fish. Ayes he believes


the answer is to trap and eat them. He started an organisation where he


buys them from trappers and sells them on. I set it up as pest


control, with the idea of trying to get rid of as many crayfish as


possible. It seemed that not much was being done about it. I would do


my various events, the DA crayfish and Boyle, a big party, but will get


to over 100 kilos in an evening for one of those events. If you have


those idea, Glastonbury Festival I get to quarter of a time. My best


customers are the authors. They always want crayfish. -- authors.


The crayfish that you give to them and London Zoo, where are they from?


There is a lot of crayfish in the Berkshire area and Gloucestershire,


and other places, I've got boots up in the Thames, there is quite a lots


by the M25, but are not allowed to get near them.


Trapping these pests seems to be a piece of cake. If we have so many of


them, white and Bob trap them in the shires but is not allowed anywhere


near them here? Many of the capital's waterways and managed by


the canal and liver trust, and although they put the non-native


crayfish and right near the top of their rogues gallery, they almost


always refused to let people trap them commercially. The crayfish will


eat younger ones as well. If you put down traps, even though they are


quite intensive basis, you're more likely to get the older crayfish and


it means that they won't be there to keep the numbers down on the younger


ones, and the population can just explode. The other thing is the


methods that are used to trap crayfish, these pots, they will


catch other things as well and we had a number of incidents on our


network over recent years where authors and birds have got caught in


that. -- otters be found lots of illegal


traps and this is one that we found just if you had regards from where


we're standing now. What you can find its creatures, specifically


otters, would be able to enter into the trap looking for the bait which


is placed there to attract the crayfish, but once in there, the


otters would find it difficult to get out and this is some measures


under the water, and therefore they will drown. The canal and river


trust are aware that most commercial trappers use safe and legal nets,


and it really won both the crayfish and the illegal trappers out of our


waterways. We have a close the door for ever on allowing mass trapping


in London. A trial is going on on intensive trapping to try its


effectiveness. It has been carried on, and if those results show that


it can be done, we would look into working with it on the problem.


We've got several reasons for not doing it. So far, we found very


little else that actually does work, and severe got to find some way of


tackling the invading -- invasive species. May be one way of helping


the native crayfish would be to stop thinking of these American invaders


as pests. Like the otters, think of them as a delicious meal. I heartily


say, the look tasty and the otters seemed to agree. That is all for


this weeked Inside Out. You can catch up on the eye player if you


head to the website. If you got a story about unnamed discrimination


you think we should know about, drop us a line. Batter python watching.


See you again soon.


Caroline Wyatt investigates whether having a Muslim name can damage a person's job prospects.

Matthew Wright finds out why European nurses are starting to turn their backs on Britain.

Nigel Barden discovers how American crayfish are invading UK waterways.