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-Tracing the family tree
-is an obsession for Welsh people.
-We like to ask where do you come
-from and to whom are you related.
-At the National Library
-..the Perthyn team is
-investigating some of your stories.
-There are many colourful characters
-amongst us! Welcome to Perthyn.
-The National Library
-is a mine of information...
-..about every aspect of our history.
-Over the past few months...
-..we've received and researched
-stories from all parts of Wales.
-The Perthyn team has been
-delving through each one.
-Family scandals and countless
-mysteries have been unearthed.
-One story which attracted our
-attention takes us to Pembrokeshire.
-This is Hedd Ladd-Lewis.
-I've arranged to meet him
-at his home in Boncath.
-Hedd is trying to fill in
-the blanks on his family tree.
-You have a keen interest in history,
-especially local history.
-I'm interested in local history...
-..and my own family's history.
-Do you collect
-your family's stories?
-I've collected the family's stories
-for many years...
-..and I've catalogued them all
-before they've been lost forever.
-The family have information
-and stories which are priceless.
-If they're not recorded,
-they'll be lost forever...
-..and that would be a huge loss.
-This area plays a large part
-in your life.
-You've also lived away from here.
-Yes, I lived in London
-before returning to Wales.
-It's nice being back in my
-home patch to raise my own family.
-It's nice seeing them enjoying
-the life I enjoyed as a child here.
-Looking at your family tree...
-..war has played a large part in it.
-A very large part.
-Without a doubt,
-both sides have a military history.
-On the one side, we have John Lewis,
-this character here.
-He was my great-great-grandfather
-on my father's side.
-The only thing I know about him
-is his name - John Lewis.
-There's a family story about him
-fighting in the Crimean War.
-I haven't been able to prove that.
-He was also born in London.
-On my mother's side,
-we have John Emrys Ladd...
-He joined the Army in 1917.
-We have some information
-about that time.
-My grandfather recorded
-some of his father's information.
-My grandfather spent a lot of time
-with his grandfather...
-..Charles Ladd -
-this gentleman here.
-Here are Charles and Hannah Ladd.
-We know that Charles and Hannah Ladd
-emigrated to Patagonia.
-That's very interesting.
-They were out there for a period
-of time. We don't know how long.
-We also know
-that they returned to Wales.
-He was quite a character.
-He has a mischievous face!
-There's a half-smile in those eyes.
-There's a resemblance!
-He was quite a character.
-What would you like to find out?
-Are there questions
-you'd like to ask on this journey?
-There are many questions. I want
-to know more about John Lewis.
-All I have is his name.
-It's said that he fought in the
-Crimean War. I'd like proof of that.
-I'd also like to find out
-if he was from London.
-On John Emrys-Ladd's side...
-..I'd like to learn about
-his time on the front line...
-..on the Western Front.
-How did he get there?
-What happened to him?
-And I want to know why Charles
-and Hannah returned to Wales.
-That's a big question.
-What were their reasons?
-Hedd is searching
-for two soldiers in his family.
-One of them is John Emrys Ladd,
-his maternal great-grandfather.
-He wants to start with his paternal
-great-great-grandfather, John Lewis.
-He has very little information...
-..apart from a family story
-and an old photograph.
-Perthyn's Will Troughton
-is a photographic expert.
-Hedd is off to meet him
-in the National Library.
-Does Will have any answers
-to his questions?
-By looking at the photograph...
-..the first thing I notice
-is the format.
-It's called a carte de visite.
-These were popular from the 1860s
-until the end of that century.
-We can see the name of the
-photographer - J Harrison Goldie...
-..something street, Swansea.
-J Harrison Goldie worked in Swansea
-from 1884 through to the 1890s.
-Mr Lewis looks like
-a retired soldier.
-His uniform looks as if it comes
-from the Crimean War.
-That's very interesting.
-It would be good to find out whether
-he had fought in the Crimean War.
-That would be great.
-Will thinks that the medals on John
-Lewis's chest are an indication...
-..that he fought in the Crimean War,
-possibly in the bigger battles...
-..Alma, Sevastopol and Inkerman.
-Between 1853 and 1856...
-Turkish and Sardinian forces...
-..fought against Russia
-in the Crimea, modern-day Turkey.
-The Crimean War, a battle for power
-in the Middle East...
-..is renowned for the massacre...
-Charge of the Light Brigade.
-Despite winning the war...
-..2,500 British soldiers
-were killed in the Crimea.
-As a result of the soldiers'
-harsh living conditions...
-..another 16,000 died from diseases
-such as dysentery and cholera.
-The Crimean War
-transformed the relationship...
-..between Europe's superpowers.
-Can Will shed any light on John
-Lewis's possible role in the war?
-We've found John Lewis's
-He married Elizabeth Morgans.
-Soldier Scots Fusilier Guards.
-The Scots Fusilier Guards
-were part of the first regiment...
-the Light Division.
-They fought in the Crimean War,
-and the date is important - 1852.
-It's the year
-before the Crimean War began.
-So, did he get married and then
-went to fight in the Crimean War?
-That's a strong possibility.
-Excellent. Well, well, well.
-Where did they live at the time?
-In Westminster, London.
-But he had been born...
-But he had been born...
-The full circle
-brings him back to Pembrokeshire.
-So he was originally
-Well, well, well.
-That's interesting, too.
-I've always thought that his side
-of the family all came from London.
-I thought I had English blood, but
-it was traced back to Pembrokeshire.
-We can confirm
-that John Lewis's name...
-..is on the list of soldiers
-who fought in Crimea...
-..and that he came
-Hedd's maternal family
-also came from Pembrokeshire.
-Many family members are buried
-in Blaenwaun cemetery, St Dogmaels.
-He knows that his
-..Charles and Hannah Ladd,
-emigrated to Patagonia in 1881.
-Perthyn has discovered...
-..that the family was back
-in Pembrokeshire by 1891.
-Hedd wants to know why they went
-to Patagonia in the first place...
-..and why they returned.
-He's come to see historian
-Dr Bill Jones...
-..an expert on emigration.
-Can he offer any answers?
-When people emigrate, they don't
-emigrate for just one reason.
-There are different factors.
-In this case...
-..it might have been
-Charles and Hannah's cultural dream.
-It could also have been
-their material dream.
-That's very interesting.
-My mother told me that
-..was a very cultural man.
-He was interested
-in the Welsh language...
-..and in Wales's culture.
-Your family's passion
-for the Welsh language...
-..must have played a part
-in their desire to visit Patagonia.
-During the early years...
-..a Welsh proto-government
-was established in Patagonia.
-There was a Welsh-medium
-was administered in Welsh.
-Settling in Patagonia...
-..was the dream of minister
-and nationalist Michael D Jones.
-It was an opportunity to establish
-a new independent Wales.
-In July 1865,
-after two months of sailing...
-..the Mimosa docked at Port Madryn.
-Over 150 people were on board...
-..the first Welsh settlers.
-220 acres of land had been earmarked
-for the people who arrived.
-With the promise of fertile land
-and a Welsh-language community...
-..it was hoped that more people
-from Wales would settle there.
-It was no Utopia.
-Life was difficult for them.
-It begs the question
-why did they return to Wales?
-Charles and Hannah may have been
-disappointed with their experience.
-Their dream might not have
-fulfilled their expectations.
-There was a lot of friction
-between the Argentine government...
-..and the settlers.
-They were under pressure
-to teach Spanish in their schools.
-They might have found
-living conditions too harsh.
-Charles and Hannah went out in 1881.
-There was a poor harvest in 1882.
-They relied on the river.
-If river levels
-weren't sufficiently high...
-..or there was insufficient rain,
-they faced a period of famine.
-Hannah was from a cultural area
-..where there were chapels,
-societies and eisteddfodau.
-Suddenly, she was alone on the
-Patagonian plains with her children.
-She would have had
-no social connections.
-It wouldn't have surprised me
-..that they returned
-because they longed for Wales.
-Especially so if that longing...
-..was reinforced by loneliness,
-living in a remote place...
-..with very little communication
-between people apart from Sundays.
-It might have given them
-a different view of Wales.
-When people move away...
-..they see the place
-they leave behind differently...
-..to the way they see it
-when they live there.
-People idealized Wales at the time.
-There's a great excerpt
-in Nel Fach Y Bwcs.
-She had left Wales as a young girl.
-She notes that life in Wales
-..and everyone spoke Welsh there.
-By 1891, Charles and Hannah Ladd
-had left Patagonia...
-..and were back on the farm
-in Trewyddel, Pembrokeshire.
-It must have been difficult
-to set up home in Wales again.
-At least they knew the local people.
-They returned to their birthplace.
-The 1911 Census notes that Charles
-and Hannah Ladd had seven children.
-Four were born in Patagonia and
-three were born after they returned.
-It also notes that only five
-were still alive in 1911.
-This is the first time
-this detail appeared on a census.
-What happened to the other two?
-Perthyn has discovered
-their death certificates.
-Lizzie Ladd had scarlet fever.
-That's what killed her.
-She was six years old.
-Here's the second certificate.
-He was also six when he died.
-TB. Pulmonary tuberculosis.
-This family suffered
-more than one heartbreak.
-You can imagine how
-Charles and Hannah felt in 1917...
-..when their other son,
-John Emrys, my great-grandfather...
-..was sent away to fight in the war.
-I'd like to know more
-about John Emrys Ladd...
-..and what happened to him.
-Hedd Ladd-Lewis has discovered...
-..that John Lewis,
-..fought in the Crimean War.
-There's also another soldier
-in the family - John Emrys Ladd...
-..the son of the Ladd family
-that emigrated to Patagonia.
-John Emrys is Hedd's
-Hedd knows that John Emrys
-fought in the First World War.
-He's come to the South Wales
-Borderers Museum in Brecon...
-..to meet historian
-Dr Gethin Mathews.
-He's found John Emrys Ladd's
-This is his enrolment form.
-It says that he enrolled
-in Brecon in September 1916.
-Strangely enough, it notes that
-his desire was to join the RFC...
-..the Royal Flying Corps.
-But they had short lives.
-So, thankfully, he didn't join them.
-This says that his health was A2.
-That might explain
-why he didn't join the RFC.
-He would have had to be A1.
-Was he conscripted to join the Army?
-Or did he join voluntarily?
-During the first months
-of the war...
-..many men volunteered
-to join the Army.
-By the middle of 1915, it became
-apparent that more men were needed.
-They introduced the Derby Scheme.
-With conscription imminent...
-..they encouraged men to voluntarily
-register for military service.
-The Derby Scheme categorized men
-according to their age...
-..and marital status.
-John Emrys joined thinking
-he would be one of the last...
-..called into action
-since he had a young family.
-By September 1916,
-military conscription was in force.
-He had no choice
-but to fight for his country.
-The most interesting document
-we have of his military career...
-..is his disciplinary record.
-It shows that he was punished twice
-for missing a parade.
-The first time,
-he received a slapped wrist.
-The second time, he was confined
-to barracks for 10 days.
-He might have just missed a train.
-He could have gone home to
-visit his family and returned late.
-That's interesting because it ties
-in with my grandfather's memories.
-He tells of his unwillingness
-to return to the battlefield...
-..on a cassette tape
-which I still have in my possession.
-In 1917, when he returned to action
-for the final time...
-..he didn't want to go back.
-He was escorted to the train station
-to catch the train.
-By then, he was probably aware
-of the atrocity of the trenches.
-He perhaps knew what his destiny
-held in store for him.
-On 19 April, 1917,
-a fortnight after reaching France...
-..John Emrys was transferred
-from the South Wales Borderers...
-..to the Royal Welch Fusiliers.
-They had suffered terrible losses in
-the Somme and Mametz Wood battles.
-They needed new recruits.
-The 10th Battalion
-of the Royal Welch Fusiliers...
-..were fighting in Arras
-in June 1917.
-The Battle of Arras
-had taken place earlier in the year.
-They wanted to strengthen
-the front line...
-..and retain their territory.
-They attacked the German trenches
-on 14 June, 1917.
-It was a successful attack...
-..but many British soldiers
-were killed or wounded.
-I can see the name
-of my great-grandfather here.
-John Emrys Ladd.
-It says he was wounded.
-He was wounded in battle.
-He was one of the fortunate ones,
-plucked from no-man's land.
-Unfortunately, he died
-the following day, on June 15.
-That's something I wasn't aware of.
-So many soldiers were killed
-in one relatively small battle.
-That in itself is very sad.
-What makes it even more poignant,
-if you read this...
-..is the birth date
-of John Emrys's daughter.
-She was born six days
-before he was killed.
-So, he never met
-his third child, Bertha.
-They all grew up
-without knowing their father.
-That experience was felt by tens
-of thousands of Welsh children...
-..during this time.
-Over 250,000 Welshmen
-fought in the Great War.
-Like John Emrys Ladd,
-35,000 were killed.
-These are his belongings...
-..passed on to his widow
-after he was killed.
-"1 Cotton Bag...
-"..1 Watch (Broken), 1 Purse...
-"..1 Cigarette Case,
-1 Lock of Hair...
-"..1 Identity Disc, Letters...
-"..1 Notecase, 1 Testament."
-When I was old enough
-to realize things...
-told me a story about my father.
-Charlie, my boy...
-..what a morning
-that morning turned out to be...
-..when your father went back
-for the last time.
-In he went, through the passage,
-up the stairs to the bedroom.
-He grabbed Freda and kissed her.
-Then, he grabbed you.
-He pulled you close to his chest
-and kissed you.
-That kiss will stay on your lip
-such an interesting journey.
-John Emrys Ladd's roots
-are in this area.
-As part of this journey...
-..I've discovered that John Lewis's
-roots are also in Pembrokeshire...
-We've created a full circle here.
-It's strengthened my links...
-..and my family's links
-to this special part of Wales.
-There's the idea of belonging,
-belonging to one particular area.
-I hope I can pass that
-on to my children.
-I want them to have a sense
-If my children can look out
-over their square mile...
-..and appreciate it
-as much as I appreciate it...
-..I'll be a very contented man.
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.
Taith emosiynol Hedd Ladd-Lewis sy'n mynd ar drywydd dau filwr yn y teulu, a chyndeidiau a aeth i Batagonia. We follow Hedd Ladd-Lewis from Boncath on a journey through his family history