2011 Highlights Remembrance Sunday: The Cenotaph


2011 Highlights

Coverage of the morning's Remembrance Sunday commemorations and the march past of veterans at The Cenotaph in Whitehall.


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Transcript


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It is striking how a simple ceremony like that which takes

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place here this morning in the heart of London can exert such a

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hold on the nation's imagination. For over 90 years the Armistice of

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November 11th 1918, which ended the First World War, has been

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commemorated at the Cenotaph. The Queen will come here today to

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observe two minutes silence at 11am along with members of the Armed

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Forces, veterans of many conflicts and members of the public and not

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just here, but all across Britain and around the world people will be

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gathering at war memorials perhaps contemplating the enormity of the

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sacrifices made in the two world wars, or perhaps thinking of those

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still dying today in Afghanistan. Nearly 400 British servicemen and

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women have been killed, over 500 seriously injured in the ten years

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of our operations there. And those on parade will often have more

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intimate memories of friends, of comrades, who fought alongside them.

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Already on either side of the Cenotaph, the detachments

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representing the Armed Forces and the other services who will be on

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parade here are assembling. The Household Cavalry are here, the

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Life Guards. Among them Corporal of Horse, Ben Lewis, who recently

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recovered from injuries he suffered in Afghanistan when his armoured

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vehicle was hit by an IED. The Royal Marines are here and are

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commanded by Major Chris Hall. Along with other members of the

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unit on parade here, has returned on further tours. 17 members of 40

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Commando have been killed in recent years. And then there is the 1st

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Battalion cold stream garksds during the battalion's second tour

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of Afghanistan, they returned last May, five soldiers were killed, 47

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were wounded. It is a beautiful morning here in

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London and a good thing too for the thousands of veterans who have

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assembled here, many of whom are now veterans of the Second World

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War are quite elderly. No one left from World War I. People who

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assemble each year with old comrades, under the auspices of the

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royal British region or in groups or by ship or by which part of the

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Royal Air Force they were in, Bomber Command or Fighter Command,

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people representing charities, people representing places they

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they have been to, battles they have fought, not just, of course,

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in the Second World War, but in all the wars since in Korea, veterans

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from there, from the Falklands, from Iraq, from Afghanistan and and

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and they treat this as not just a moment to remember the dead, but to

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remake, rejoin friends who they fought with.

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We're going to have, of course, the traditional music from the Massed

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Bands. The Massed Bands of the Guards Division and the pipes and

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drums of the 1st Battalion Scots Guards are going to be playing the

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music that's both stirring and sad which leads us up to 11 o'clock.

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Then under the baton of Colonel Graham Jones this morning, and they

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Apology for the loss of subtitles for 121 seconds

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MUSIC: "Rule Britannia" Now the Massed Bands brought to

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attention. And the band will now play Isle of

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Beauty. We saw 48 commando on parade a

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moment ago. Last year Paul wap Paul Warren was fatally injured in

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Afghanistan, but left his family in Lancashire bereft. He was just like

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every other boy. He was getting Accident-prone, always in the wrong

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He'd always have a smile on his face. I could never tell him off.

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I think he was around eight years old when he said,

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"I would like to be a soldier."

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He didn't know what part of the military he wanted to be in,

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but he just knew that that's what he wanted to be.

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Paul joined the Marines in 2006.

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Getting his green beret was outstanding.

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As a family, we were so proud.

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Not just me and his mum - his brothers, cousins, uncles.

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A lot of them came to the passing out, and they were so proud.

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But we knew where he would be going,- and that was Afghanistan.

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When he came back the first time, we thought,

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"That's it. It's out of his system.

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"He's done what he was going to do,

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"he'll go and do other things within the Marines."

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Then he decided that he would like to go back.

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It was...on 21st June, Monday, the day after Father's Day.

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And Paul had just rang us up on the Sunday.

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He sounded really happy. Monday, me and my wife were sat on the settee.

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I just happened to look out

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and I saw a gentlemanwith a black robe on, and I thought,

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"That's strange. Why's there a priest on the estate?"

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And then...I don't know why, I just automatically thought...

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"No."

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I just said "no" to myself, and as I said "no",

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two Marines got out of the vehicle.

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Before they said anything, I knew Paul had been killed.

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The base was attacked and IEDs were thrown over the wall.

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And Paul was just walking towards a bomb,

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and one exploded in the air right next to him.

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And the helicopter come and took him- on board, but...

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he died on the helicopter before they got to Bastion.

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I feel him. I feel him here.

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He wouldn't like what we're doing, he wouldn't like all the attention.

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He wouldn't like the flowers on his grave.

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He just... He just liked to be under the radar all the time.

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That was Paul.

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His green beret is one of the most cherished things I have,

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cos that's what he was wearing when he was out there.

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I just have a feeling that if we've got it,

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we've definitely got part of Paul with us.

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BAND PLAYS

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BIG BEN CHIMES THE HOUR

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BAND PLAYS

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As

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As the

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As the pipes

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As the pipes play the la lament Of The Forest and moment to remember

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Apology for the loss of subtitles for 121 seconds

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those who have died since last The Massed Bands will now play one

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of the most most haunting of mel of MUSIC: "Nimrod" from the Enigma

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Apology for the loss of subtitles for 121 seconds

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And now Dido's lament, when I'm laid in earth, remember me,

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MUSIC: "Dido's Lament" The sight of the many cemeteries

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around the world with row upon row of tombstones is the most poignant

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reminder, along with War Memorials in towns and villages of the price

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we pay for war. These words were written by a poet contemplating the

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names on the memorial in his local park, "We are your silent

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neighbours. Those who you may read about, but never see. The war dead

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listed in the park upon the granite memorial, the now ever-silent

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Led by the Crossbearer, the Children and Gentlemen of the

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Chapel Royal come out to take their place by the Cenotaph with the

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Serjeant of the Vestry, the Chaplain General of Her Majesty's

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Land Forces and the Sub-Dean of Her Majesty's Chapel Royal, William

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Scott. The Major-General commanding the Household Division,, Major-

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General George Norton and the Aide- de-Camp to the Major-General,

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Captain Folarin Kuku. The Prime Minister, David Cameron leads them

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out. They turn to their left and line up with their wreaths. The

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foreign and Commonwealth officer there, Gordon Brown seen there,

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other ministers and the Speaker of the House of Commons among them.

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Tony Blair among the former Prime Ministers with Gordon Brown and Sir

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John Major. And then the chiefs of staff, General Sir David Richards,

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Chief of Defence Staff, Admiral Sir Mark Stanhope, First Sea Lord, the

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Chief of the General Staff, again Sir Peter wall and the Merchant and

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Civilian Services. They are followed by nearly 50 High

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Commissioners of various Commonwealth countries, ranging

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from the very largest countries - Australia and India and Canada - to

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the smallest - Fiji and Tonga and Malta. And most of them took a part,

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some of them a very large part, in both World Wars and, indeed, in the

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wars since then. And they will be followed by the religious

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denominations, though this Cenotaph memorial is deliberately not a

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religious memorial, a large number of religious groups come here.

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Apart from the Church of England, which is represented by the Bishop

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of London, there are representatives of the Roman

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Catholic faith, the Jewish, the Hindus, Sikhs, Greek Orthodox and

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other Christian churches - the Methodist, the Free Churches, the

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United Reform Church and the Salvation Army are all here. On the

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left there, the Duchess of Cornwall and on the right, the new Duchess

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of Cambridge, Catherine Middleton, who, this year, married Prince

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William. The Countess of Wessex beside her. And Timothy Laurence,

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married to the Princess Royal. They The Queen, the Duke of Edinburgh,

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the Prince of Wales, Princess Royal, the Duke of York, the Earl of

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Wessex are there and the Duke of Kent. And they take up a special

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position right in front of the Cenotaph from where, after the two-

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minute silence, they will lay their As 11.00 strikes, the Royal Horse

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Artillery will fire one round of a gun at the beginning and then at

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Apology for the loss of subtitles for 121 seconds

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Her Majesty the Queen will now lay her wreath, the first of those laid

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And the Duke of Edinburgh next. On his 90th birthday this year he was

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given the title of Lord High Admiral. Used to command the Navy.

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70 years ago, the Duke was mentioned for an action aboard HMS

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Valian off the Greek coast. He is followed by the Prince of Wales in

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the uniform of a General in the Army. Has been much involved this

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year in visiting injured soldiers and acting as a patron of a number

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of service charities as well. His wreath with the Prince of Wales'

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And next Prince William, the Duke of Cambridge. A Search and Rescue

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Pilot in Wales at the moment. Due to go to the Falklands next year on

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And he is followed by Prince Andrew, the Duke of York, who was a

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helicopter pilot. He served in the Falklands War. He is Colonel-in-

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And the Earl of Wessex in the uniform of an Honorary Colonel of

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He will be followed by the Princess Royal in the uniform of a Vice

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Admiral. She is Colonel-in-Chief of a number of regiments. Last month

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she was at the ceremony where Wootton Bassett was renamed Royal

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Wootton Bassett. And last in the Royal Party, the Duke of Kent, who

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visited Afghanistan this September. He served 21 years in the Royal

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Scots Greys. His father was killed on active service in the Second

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After the Royal wreaths have been laid in silence, the band now plays

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Funeral March and the politicians will take their turn laying wreaths

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at the foot of the Cenotaph, led by The Deputy Prime Minister, the

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leader of the Liberal Democrats, The Leader of the Opposition, and

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leader of the Labour Party, Ed From Northern Ireland, the deputy

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leader of the Democratic Unionist And next representing, the Scottish

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national Party and Plaid Cymru at Westminster, ang glus Robert --

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Angus Robertson. And finally, of the political party,

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the Secretary of State for foreign and Commonwealth affairs, William

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Hague. He lays a special wreath on behalf of the overseas territories,

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made not not of poppies, but of exotic flowers. It is specially

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made up at Kew. And next, the turn of the High

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Commissioners. Starting with the old senior members of the

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Commonwealth, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India,

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Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Ghana and Malaysia are there. Canada fought

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in World War I and II. Australians who are active in Afghanistan now,

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lost over 60,000 in World War II. Suffered the highest casualty rate

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of any nation in World War I. The Indian subcontinent sent 2.5

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million volunteers to World War II. So those wreaths are laid on behalf

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of all those countries. And then followed from the south-

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side by the High Commissioners of Nigeria and Cyprus, Sierra Leone

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and Tanzania, Jamaica, Trinidad & In the next group, Malta,.George

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Cross island, awarding the George Cross for its courage in resisting

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German bombing during the Second World War and Zambia, The Gambia,

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Singapore where many people here were held prisoners after the fall

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of that great city by the Japanese. Guyana, Botswana, Lesotho, Barbados

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And now swatsy now Swaziland and Tonga, Papua New Guinea, the

:35:42.:35:52.
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Seychelles and the little island of As the last group prepares to come

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forward, there is one country missing - the citizens fought in

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both world wars and that is Zimbabwe. Now expelled from the

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Commonwealth, the former southern Rhodesia, many people here will

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remember the service that they gave particularly in the second world.

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Many in the Royal Air Force. Here St Vincen and the Grenadines,

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Barbuda, the Maldives, Bruni, Namibia, Cameroon, Mozambique and

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Rwanda. Once the High Commissioners have returned to their place, it is

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the turn of the defence groups. General Sir Peter Wall in the

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centre there for the Army and Sir And they are followed by

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representatives of the Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleets, the Air

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Transport Auxiliary Service and the civilian services. David Hill from

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the Merchant Navy and David Smith for the Air Transport Auxiliary

:37:32.:37:42.
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Service and Sir Denis O'Connor, Her Majesty's Inspectorate of

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Constabulary for the civilian services and next the short service

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:37:56.:38:00.

O Almighty God, that we who here do honour

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in the service of their country and of the Crown

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may be so inspired by the spirit of their love and fortitude

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that, forgetting all selfish and unworthy motives,

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we may live only to Thy glory and to the service of mankind,

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through Jesus Christ our Lord,

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Amen.

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# O God, our help in ages past

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# Our hope for years to come

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# Our shelter from the stormy blast

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# And our eternal home

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# Under the shadow of thy throne

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# Thy saints have dwelt secure

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# Sufficient is thine arm alone

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# And our defence is sure

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# Before the hills in order stood

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# Or earth received her frame

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# From everlasting thou art God

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# To endless years the same

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# A thousand ages in thy sight

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# Are like an evening gone

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# Short as the watch that ends the night

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# Before the rising sun

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# O God, our help in ages past

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# Our hope for years to come

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# Be thou our guard while troubles last

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# And our eternal home. #

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Teach us good Lord to serve thee as thou deservest;

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to give and not to count the cost;

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to fight and not to heed the wounds'

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to toil and not to seek for rest;

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to labour and not ask for any reward,

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save that knowing that we will do thy will

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through Jesus Christ our Lord, Amen.

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Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be Thy Name,

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Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done

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On earth as it is in heaven.

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Give us this day our daily bread, And forgive us our trespasses

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As we forgive those who trespass against us.

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And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.

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For Thine is the kingdom And the power and the glory,

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For ever and ever.

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Amen.

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Unto God's gracious mercy and protection we commit you.

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The Lord bless you and keep you,

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the Lord make his face to shine upon you

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and be gracious unto you,

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the Lord lift up the light of His countenance upon you,

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and give you His peace this day and always.

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Amen.

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Apology for the loss of subtitles for 121 seconds

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# God save our gracious Queen

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# Long live our noble Queen

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# God save the Queen

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# Send her victorious

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# Happy and glorious

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# Long to reign over us

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# God save the Queen. #

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:44:20.:44:39.

The

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The service

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The service over,

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The service over, the Royal Party led once again by The Queen leaves

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Whitehall. Prince Charles there among them,

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will go through to Horse Guards and take a salute of those veterans who

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are taking part in the march-past down Whitehall that goes round to

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Horse Guards afterwards so they go past the Cenotaph and he takes

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Now the clergy leave. The ten children of the Chapel Royal

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dressed in the gold and scarlet state coats which were designed at

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the time of the Restoration of the Monarchy under Charles II. The

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choir dates back much further than that, though, a thousand years or

:45:37.:45:47.
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so when it used to attend on the monarch. They are all-boy

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choristers who have a scholarship at the City of London School as

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The brass cross with the red poppies which has been at a service

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briefly in the Chapel Royal at St James's Palace before it came out

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here to Whitehall. The politicians leave next. The Prime Minister,

:46:27.:46:37.
:46:37.:46:38.

Nick Clegg, Ed Miliband and other members of the Cabinet. The Speaker

:46:38.:46:43.

of the House of Commons is there. Tony Blair and Sir John Major.

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Gordon Brown, Mrs Thatcher, or Lady Thatcher not here this year.

:46:49.:46:53.

Representatives of the House of Lords, the Speaker of the House of

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Lords, the leader of the Conservatives in the House of Lords.

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At the back, the Mayor of London, Boris Johnson. Well, we are now

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reaching the beginning of the march-past, which is led by the

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Board of Trustees of the Royal British Legion. Every year,

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different people lead off. They are applauded as they go by other

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members. The range is quite extraordinary. Even now, there are

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new groups this year joining in. The Fellowship of the Services

:47:31.:47:37.

leads off this year. It has that honour, formed in the trenches in

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1916 for people who had no work or were too disabled to earn a living.

:47:42.:47:48.

They are followed by the Burma Star Association. They were still

:47:48.:47:54.

fighting in Burma after the victory in Europe had been declared. They

:47:54.:48:03.

call themselves "the forgotten army". The Malaya and Borneo

:48:03.:48:13.
:48:13.:48:32.

APPLAUSE Italy Star Association. People who

:48:32.:48:42.
:48:42.:48:45.

APPLAUSE He would normal I will have been in

:48:45.:48:55.
:48:55.:48:57.

the Parade, I think. There he is watching - a Royal Hospital Chelsea

:48:57.:49:07.
:49:07.:49:10.

Pensioner. BLESMA helps people recover. Behind them the Ex-

:49:10.:49:14.

Services Wheelchair Sports Association, some of whom are

:49:14.:49:18.

hoping to take part in the Paralympics next year and are

:49:18.:49:28.
:49:28.:49:28.

already in training. BEWSA they are called. They were formed in 197.

:49:28.:49:36.

The Royal Hospital, Chelsea follows them. They are led by Colonel Baker.

:49:36.:49:44.

Joined as Captain of Invalids, as it's called. They give up their

:49:44.:49:48.

pension to live in the hospital which is run on military lines. It

:49:48.:49:53.

is like being in a barracks, but a very friendly atmosphere. They are

:49:53.:50:01.

hugely admired and applauded wherever they go. The parachute

:50:01.:50:05.

Regimental Association in their maroon berets, a large contingent

:50:05.:50:13.

here. Eight Parachute Regiment members have died since last

:50:13.:50:23.
:50:23.:50:27.

Remembrance Sunday. They were not surprisingly known by the German

:50:27.:50:37.
:50:37.:50:54.

The Black Watch Association now. Then in the Second World War were

:50:54.:51:04.
:51:04.:51:15.

The Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers Association. There is a

:51:15.:51:25.
:51:25.:51:31.

father and son marching here with And the garden is growing, or the

:51:31.:51:41.
:51:41.:51:54.

Field of Remembrance one should Queen Alexandra's Royal Army

:51:54.:52:04.

Nursing Corps Association. The head of the column is now reaching Horse

:52:04.:52:09.

Guards. This is where we are now. The march-past doesn't end at the

:52:09.:52:13.

Cenotaph, it goes down the bottom of Whitehall and comes out here

:52:13.:52:21.

where the Prince of Wales is now taking the salute on Horse Guards.

:52:21.:52:27.

And back here in Whitehall, the Gurkha Brigade Association. 200,000

:52:27.:52:33.

Gurkhas fought in the two World Wars. There's still huge

:52:33.:52:40.

competition in Nepal. 28,000 people apply for 200 jobs each year.

:52:40.:52:45.

Famous of course because they have the slogan, "better to die than be

:52:45.:52:52.

a coward" and they terrify the enemy with their 18-inch-long

:52:52.:53:00.

kukris - the curved knife. There are few people more admired and

:53:00.:53:09.

braver than those who have to dispose of the high threat IEDs.

:53:09.:53:14.

This are the Association of Ammunition Technicians. Clearly

:53:14.:53:18.

with some children of fathers who have been killed in this work in

:53:18.:53:21.

Afghanistan. Some of the most dangerous work there is. They are

:53:21.:53:31.
:53:31.:53:34.

part of the Royal Logistic Corps. Then the 656 Squadron Association.

:53:34.:53:40.

The Army's first operational Apache attack helicopter unit which Prince

:53:41.:53:46.

Harry is working with at the moment. It's seen three tours in Helmand

:53:46.:53:56.
:53:56.:53:58.

Province. With the armbands behind, the Home Guard Association. The 1.5

:53:58.:54:03.

million who volunteered to served in the Home Guard in the event of a

:54:03.:54:13.
:54:13.:54:13.

German invasion. John Nichol, one of the three Gulf War ex-POWs who

:54:13.:54:17.

was shot down in his Tornado and held prisoner and tortured, he

:54:17.:54:25.

leads the Royal Air Force Ex- Prisoners of War Association. The

:54:25.:54:31.

majority of members were prisoners in Germany where 10,000 airmen were

:54:31.:54:41.
:54:41.:55:04.

The Royal Observer Corps. The RAFLING Association. 500,000 Poles

:55:04.:55:13.

fought under British command in World War Two and the Polish Air

:55:13.:55:18.

Squadron revered for downing more aircraft than any other squadron.

:55:18.:55:28.
:55:28.:55:28.

Nine of its pilots were designated "aces". They fought also with great

:55:28.:55:38.
:55:38.:55:42.

The Royal Naval Association. Jim Patterson has been the Standard

:55:42.:55:47.

Bearer down in Plymouth for 20 years. They have 20,000 serving and

:55:47.:55:50.

ex-serving members with branches all over the UK and abroad. They

:55:50.:55:55.

are followed by the Merchant Navy Association, carrying that white

:55:55.:56:03.

anchor. Vivian Foster, the National President. Her father was missing

:56:03.:56:08.

for two years. 32,000 men and women of the

:56:08.:56:13.

Merchant Navy were lost in the war. They have known no graves, of

:56:13.:56:23.
:56:23.:56:36.

course, but the sea. Now a memorial And with their famous wreath with

:56:36.:56:43.

the word "Gibraltar" the Royal Marines Association, in their Green

:56:43.:56:48.

Berets. A blue beret with a red patch who aren't commando-trained

:56:48.:56:58.
:56:58.:56:59.

but most of these clearly are. The United States Marine Corps - there

:56:59.:57:04.

they are in red jackets and caps. The United States Marine Corps

:57:04.:57:09.

marching here because they march and serve alongside the Royal

:57:09.:57:19.
:57:19.:57:20.

Marines in Afghanistan. The Salvation Army. They're offering

:57:20.:57:26.

their spiritual support and, perhaps just as important, their

:57:26.:57:36.

famous cup of tea! Here on Whitehall, we have been watching a

:57:36.:57:40.

ceremony that isn't a victory parade, though many of those here

:57:40.:57:44.

have helped win important victories which, of course, have changed our

:57:44.:57:54.
:57:54.:57:59.

world. But there's been no hint of triumfhalism here. This is about

:57:59.:58:02.

remembering all those who fought for their country and lost their

:58:02.:58:07.

lives. And still, today, in our complex world with wars being

:58:07.:58:10.

fought that are sometimes contentious, no-one doubts the

:58:10.:58:15.

courage of those who obey their orders, go to the most dangerous

:58:15.:58:22.

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