2012 Remembrance Sunday: The Cenotaph


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Good morning from Whitehall. On this day 94 years ago, the


Armistice that ended the First World War was announced. Winston


Churchill was looking out of his office window, the scene was


deserted he wrote when suddenly from all sides men and women rushed


out in a frantic manner shouting and screaming with joy and soon the


streets were full of crowds cheering, church bells ringing,


bands playing. That day, the 11th November today is now not a day for


exuberance, but for sombre mourning of those killed in both world wars


and the wars fought since. Here at the sen the Cenotaph, the


unchanging ceremony will be repeated, the same solemn music.


The simple service and hymn and the laying of wreaths on behalf of the


nation and the Commonwealth led by Her Majesty, The Queen. And at 11am,


the exact time at which the guns stopped firing in 1918, the two


minutes silence. The crowds have been gathering here since early


this morning. They stand 20 deep on the programme, young and old, all


come to pay tribute to those who have lost their lives. Whether now


or in the distant past, or in the all too real here and today. I have


talked to some of the people who have come here today, some for the


first time in their 70s or 80s because they wanted to see this


occasion. Some bringing young children or grandchildren, some


because they have got family members taking part in the march-


past itself. And it is young men and women like


those on parade around the Cenotaph this morning on the hallow square


who risk life and limb for us today. The officers and men of the


Household Cavalry, soon to go on their sixth tour of duty in


Afghanistan. Next to them, the Kings Troop Royal Horse Artillery,


the got guards, some of these to go on their first tour of duty in


Afghanistan. The Royal Navy represented by crews of Dauntless


and the frigate, Iron Duke. And the Royal Marines. Among them, Captain


Matthew Shaw. He served a six month tour with 40 Commando in


Afghanistan in which 14 Royal Marines were killed and 11


seriously wounded and Captain Shaw and a fellow Marine, visited the


Armed Forces memorial in Staffordshire, two generations


united in remembrance. In 2010, I served in Afghanistan


with the Royal Marines. We were based in the Helmand province


Throughout the world, You wear the green beret


30 years on, it is still emotional,- the first casualties on May 21


and then exactly a week later, Lieutenant Richard Nunn


and Lance Corporal Brett Giffin were all buried at sea.


They have no grave, just the sea.


So we need to remember them.


This Sunday, myself and 50 other marines, 22 from my troop,


will be involved in the march at the Cenotaph


as the Royal Marine contingent.


We've got almost two hours stood there at the Cenotaph,


relatively still, and we'll see the parade of those that come past,


all the veterans, all those serving,- all that history walking past us,


and it's a chance for us to reflect on our own personal experiences,


but also, your mind's drawn to the previous conflicts -


the Falklands, the Second World War and beyond.


The National Memorial Arboretum gives us a place


where we can come and think and reflect and respect.


They gave their all so that we could continue.




That Armed


That Armed Forces


That Armed Forces memorial in Staffordshire was dedicated five


years ago to commemorate the servicemen and women killed since


the end of the Second World War. Recent conflicts are vivid in the


minds of many vet rantion who will be -- -- vet veterans who will be


marching past today and with them is Sophie Rayworth.


Of the many people remembered the 255 servicemen and women who were


killed. You are here for the first time with 35 of your former crewmen.


How pointient will today be for you? It is a tremendous day. It is


30 years since the flak lands conflict and we are here to


remember those who lost their lives on the 25th May. You were Lucky. No


one on your ship died, but you were involved in the rescue of HMS


Coventry and 19 people lost their lives and those are the people your


thoughts will be with today? were lucky because we got hit first


and then watched Coventry blowing up and then heard - I the feeling


they would come back and finish us off and therefore, I was determined


we would sort ourselves out before bothering about the Coventry's


survivors swimming for their lives, not a very happy occasion.


Well, from conflicts past to conflicts present. You are just


back from Afghanistan ten-days ago. Those losses very, very fresh in


your mind. We got back ten-days ago. Ten


members of our battalion fell. It has been a long summer and we stand


here with dignity and pride to remember them.


And since you have been back you have been attending funerals. You


have been visiting the bereaved families? That's correct. My


thoughts are with the families today and it is important they know


they don't stand alone, that we are there to remember the sacrifices of


this summer. The crowds are standing 14 and 15


deep, how important is this public recognition for you and for your


men and for people still serving there? It is one day in a year


where we stand together irreSeptemberive of rank or


background, we stand as a nation and we remember and it is hugely


powerful. I mean it is hard to describe, but the sense of common


purpose and national pride, it is hugely uplifting and what we should


Of course, it is not just the dead reremember today, it is the people


who have been injured, whose lives have been so drastically changed by


war? Of course, no doubt we will see the injured coming by. Perhaps


some can't come out today and they are lying in their hospital beds


and our thoughts are with them and it is not just the physical scars,


it is the mental scars that are often unseen and our thoughts are


with them and we will be there for them.


This is your first time at the sen the Cenotaph. Your thoughts today?


My thoughts are with the fallen ten and my thoughts are with their


families. It is deeply humbling to stand here in history, but equally,


I recognise my men today. Thank you both very much.


Now the Massed Bands of the guards Divis, the Pipes and Drums of the


Blackwatch are going to be playing the music that leads up to 11am and


the silence. The Pipes and Drums are under pipe


major Richard Grisdale. He led them at a Remembrance Day service in


Helmand province in Afghanistan where they were on active service


as members of the 3rd Battalion fire support group and the Massed


Bands themselves are under the baton of Lunt Colonel Barnwell, the


new Senior Director of Music and as always, the music will begin with


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 86 seconds


MUSIC: "Rule Britannia" The massed massed Massed Bands play


heart of of oak and men The Minstrel Boy and men of of Harlec.


There are nearly 10,000 veterans here today, it is worth remembering


this isn't a military parade, it is individual choice that brings


people here. Either with their units or with groups of friends


from particular theatres of war. And it can be many years before


they choose to march. Maurice Crowther is now 91. He was a


prisoner of the Japanese in World War II held in conditions of


terrible cruelty and he will be here for the first time today to


mark the events of 70 years ago. He joined up with his friend Norman


Wood and in 1941, both of them were I didn't know nothing much about


I didn't know nothing much ships, but it was ironic the name


of the ship was Empress of Japan. We were marched to Changi,


That's when the illnesses started, There was nothing to eat much. You


You got malaria, dysentery Maurice spent the rest of the war


got malaria and dysentery and Maurice spent the rest of the war


Within a year, he had succumbed to beriberi and tropical ulcers.


Almost 70 years later,


Maurice travelled to Thailand for the first time


We went to the cemetery where Norman was buried.


I laid a wreath on his grave there.


I laid a wreath on his grave there.


And round about there were several other lads from our regiment


buried quite near.


Very emotional.




'The 122 regiment that I was in was renamed The Forgotten Regiment.


'Meant all their lives weren't lost for nothing, were they?'




The Pipes


The Pipes and


The Pipes and Drums of the Black The senior drum major will now call


the Massed Bands to attention and they will play a 19th century


Each week the names of those killed in Afghanistan are read out in


Parliament. We have become used to it. Among the most recent the son


of Michael and Claire Rowe who heard of their son Tom's Det only


eight weeks ago, but found the strength to talk about what he


You couldn't ask But just like any soldier, he had


If I told joke, he'd tell a better joke.


But just a funny lad, yeah.


He would light the room up with his smile.


Michael served 22 years with the Duke of Wellington's Regiment


and from an early age, Tom's ambition


was to follow in his father's footsteps.


At 17, he joined his father's old regiment


but was too young to go with them to Afghanistan earlier this year.


He flew out soon after his 18th birthday.


And then, on 15 September, that future was ripped away.


We were up at 5.30 on the 15th, aSaturday evening. I were cooking tea.


I saw two blokes at the door. It didn't cross my mind at all.


Open the door, they says, "Are you..."


I can't remember word for word, but, "Are you Mr Michael Wroe?"


"Yeah," and then they showed me their ID card


and says, "Can I come in?"


And they come through into the kitchen,


sat us down and told us that Tom had passed.


You don't think it can happen to your lad.


You don't want it to happen to anybody's lad,


but you don't think it'll happen to yours.


I says to Tom, I says, "Look, Tom. You might lose one of your limbs.


"I'll look after you for the rest of your life..."


But you don't expect this.


Tom was brought home to Yorkshire, and on the day of his funeral


We went from here on the route he used to run.


So beautiful up there, it's very quiet.


There was people clapping, people cheering,


people crying, waving flags...


People had Union Jacks in their windows, things like that.


They did their houses up. For Tom.


At the funeral service in the village church


she wrote and read her own tribute to her big brother.


This is what makes you who you are, Thomas.


T - thoughtful. You always thought of everyone.


H - hero. You were everyone's hero.


O - outstanding.


You're an outstanding brother, son, boyfriend and best friend.


M - military.


You wouldn't be who you are today without a military background.


A - amusing. You're the funniest person I know.


S - star.


You're the brightest star in the sky.


Love you, big bro. Sleep tight.


Your little sister, Demi.


Just before Tom deployed, he took Demi out for a meal.


They went to the cinema and they went to the Pizza Hut


and that's when they had the talk.


And he said to Demi, "Just follow your dream


"and just, what you want to do in life, just go for it.


"Cos that's what I did."


He were a top son, a top brother and a top soldier.




The pipes


The pipes are


The pipes are now playing the Scottish lament, Flowers Of The


Forest. Perhaps this is a moment to remember those who have died on


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 86 seconds


operations since last Remembrance MUSIC: "Nimrod" from the Enigma


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 86 seconds


Nimrod from Elgar and is followed Dido's lament.


There is an old military tradition tradition with soldiers who are


going on act of service to be opened if they are killed.


An patrol a soldier was killed when his vehicle struck a land mine. His


parents opened his letter. This is Now I'm up in heaven


You've been the best family and I thank you


Granddad and Nana are looking after me now, so I'll be OK.


Well - they're stopping me flirting with the birds!


I love you all from the bottom of my heart.


Please don't be mad at what's happened.


I did what I had to doand serving the British Army was it.


Again, don't be sad!


Celebrate my life, cos I love you and will see you all again.


Dad, thanks for everything.


I love you so much.


I hope I've made you proud, as that's all I wanted to do.


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 86 seconds


Proceeded by the


Proceeded by the cross


Proceeded by the cross borne


Proceeded by the cross borne by a former chor former chorister, the


children and gentlemen of the chapel Royal. The Bishop of London


will take the brief service here at the Cenotaph accompanied by the


Sergeant of the Vestry, the sub- Dean of Her Majesty's chapel and


there followed out by the Major General commanding the Household


Division who march down Whitehall to take up their position prior to


the politicians who come here today, the Prime Minister and the Leader


David Cameron, Nick Clegg behind him, Ed Miliband, the deputy leader


of the democratic Unionist Party in Northern Ireland. The leader of


Plaid Cymru representing the Scottish Nationalists. They line up


in the front row with their wreaths. William Hague on the left there


with his special wreath and the Speaker on his right. And then


behind former Prime Ministers, Sir John Major is here. Tony Blair.


And the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Secretary of State for defence


and the senior members of the Government.


And they are followed out again all of them, bearing wreaths by the


High Commissioners. 47 High Commissioners or their


deputies from Commonwealth countries. Almost all of whom lost


citizens in the first or or Second World War. Only Zimbabwe and


Mozambique not included in that They will be followed by 15


representatives of religious denominations led by the Roman


Catholic bishop of the forces, Richard Moth, the Chief Rabbi of


the of the Hebrew, the Buddhist faith, the president of the


Methodist Conference, the Muslim Council of Britain, the General


Secretary of the Hindu temples, Jonathan Edwards, president of the


Baptist organisations, reformed Judaism and The Salvation Army and


the representative in white. The wife of Prince Edward who will be


taking a salute and on the left, Sir Timothy Laurence, the the


husband of the princess Royal. And so with just under two minutes


to go until 11am, the scene is set here for the Royal party who will


be standing before the Cenotaph. They will come out from the Foreign


and Commonwealth Office. Major Guthrie from the Scots Guards


The Duke of Edinburgh, Her Majesty, The Queen on his right.


The Duke of Cambridge, the Duke of York, the Earl of Wessex, Prince


Michael of Kent there who is standing for his brother, the Duke


of Kent. And Lord Guthrie who is here on


behalf of the Prince of Wales who is away in New Zealand.


Their wreaths are taken behind them. They salute and we wait now for the


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 86 seconds


Its Royal Marine Royal Marine The Duke of Edinburgh next who was


at the Field of Remembrance last Thursday, that old space, a field


He is followed byted Duke of came - - by the Duke of Cambridge in his


Royal Air Force uniform. A search and rescue helicopter pilot pilot


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 86 seconds


He is followed by the Earl of Wessex, an honorary Colonel in the


Yeomanry who will be taking the salute of this march-past on Horse


Prince Michael of Kent laying a wreath on behalf the Duke of Kent


who is at Stanley in the Falkland And finally, the former chief of


the defence staff, Lord Guthrie laying a wreath on be whatever of


the Prince of Wales who is on a visit to New Zealand and is in


And the parade stands at ease and hate and Beethoven's Funeral March


is played. First, the Prime First, the Prime Minister, David


The Deputy Prime Minister, the leader of the Liberal Democrats,


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 86 seconds


He is followed by the Leader of the And next a lead is being laid on


behalf of Plaid Cymru and the And the next wreath is not made of


poppies, but an an exotic wreath made up at Kew Gardens with juniper


and morning glory and myrtle. He was proceeded by Nigel Dodds


from Northern Ireland. Here is the Secretary of State for foreign and


Commonwealth affairs, William Hague laying this wreath on behalf of the


And now the High Commissioners. They come in groups first Canada,


Australia, and New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka,


Ghana and Malaysia. Among those the countries that played some of the


most prominent parts in both the first world and Second World War.


Canada, Australia, New Zealand, They will be followed by another


group Nigeria, Cyprus, Sierra Leone, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Kenya


Soldiers from West Africa provided 155,000 troops for the the Second


World War and 10,000 were killed. From East Africa, 100,000, all


volunteers over 10,000 of hom were The third group, Malta, Zambia, The


,. And playing a crucial part in the battle for North Africa and the


invasion by the allied forces of southern Italy.


The next group, Swaziland, Bangladesh, the Bahamas, Papua New


Guinea, the Commonwealth of Dominica, St Lucia.


Many Figians fighting in Afghanistan today.


The final group will be St Vincent and the girlfriend the Grenadine,


Belize, Mozambique and it is worth remembering the scale of the


Commonwealth contribution. The Canadians in the First World War,


65,000 losing their lives, particularly famous for enduring


ternl enduring a bombardment of the Battle of Eep. New Zealand, who


declared war themselves at the very beginning of the Second World War,


the South Africans who fought so bravely along with their comrades


from roe from Rodesia. Now the service chiefs.


And the civilian chiefs. Sir Ken Knight the chief fire and


rescue advisor and those wreaths laid, the dean and the Bishop of


O Almighty God, that we who here do honour


in the service of their country and of the Crown


may be so inspired by the spirit of their love and fortitude


that, forgetting all selfish and unworthy motives,


we may live only to Thy glory and to the service of mankind,


through Jesus Christ our Lord,




# O God, our help in ages past


# Our hope for years to come


# Our shelter from the stormy blast


# And our eternal home


# Beneath the shadow of thy throne


# Thy saints have dwelt secure


# Sufficient is thine arm alone


# And our defence is sure


# Before the hills in order stood


# Or earth received her frame


# From everlasting thou art God


# To endless years the same


# A thousand ages in thy sight


# Are like an evening gone


# Short as the watch that ends the night


# Before the rising sun


# O God, our help in ages past


# Our hope in years to come


# Be thou our guard while troubles last


# And our eternal home. #


Teach us good Lord to serve thee as thou deservest;


to give and not to count the cost;


to fight and not to heed the wounds;


to toil and not to seek for rest;


to toil and not to seek for rest;


to labour and not ask for any reward,


save that knowing that we will do Thy will


through Jesus Christ our Lord, Amen.


Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be Thy name,


Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done


On earth as it is in heaven.


Give us this day our daily bread, And forgive us our trespasses


As we forgive those who trespass against us.


And lead us not into temptation, But deliver us from evil.


For Thine is the kingdom, The power and the glory,


For ever and ever.




Unto God's gracious mercy and protection we commit you.


The Lord bless you and keep you,


the Lord make his face to shine upon you


and be gracious unto you,


the Lord lift up the light of His countenance upon you,


and give you His peace this day and always.






MUSIC: "The Rouse"


# God save our gracious Queen


# Long live our noble Queen


# God save the Queen


# Send her victorious


# Happy and glorious


# Long to reign over us


# God save the Queen. #




The royal


The royal party


The royal party now leaves Whitehall. Passing through the line


The sergeant of the vestry bows to the Bishop of London, and he


And then, the Chapel Royal - extraordinary, the first choir


school is said to have been established in 1635, and there has


been a choir school ever since. The Dean is an interesting position,


going back to 1312. The dean used to travel with the king and was


certainly at both Crecy and Agincourt. These Copes were


designed under Charles II, at the Restoration. They are followed by


the politicians. Led by the Prime Minister, and the other politicians.


They will be followed by the high Commissioners, and all the others


on parade here. At this moment, let's just go to the great crowd of


people waiting to march past the Cenotaph, to join Sophie Raworth.


So many of the people being remembered today were young men and


women when they died, teenagers, people in their early 20s. This


summer, one lieutenant was killed in Afghanistan, and today, two of


his sisters are paying tribute to him. Tell us, how much do you know


about how your brother actually died? What I know is that he was


killed leading a vehicle patrol, when he was working as a platoon


commander, in a role which she very much loved and enjoyed doing.


was only 26 years old, he died in August of this year, and I have


read some of the tributes to him, a wonderful character, by all


accounts - how will you remember your brother? I smile when I think


about him, because he was a lovely guy. He really looked after his two


sisters very well, and I can really see how he would have looked after


his rough men, too. He was very protective, in his nature. He was


quite a funny chap, too. We have written on our wreath that he was


an inspiration and a hero. And we are here to remember him today.


What is it like for you to be here today? It is very overwhelming. The


support we have had, the turnout that there is across the country,


not just here in London but in other parts of the country as well,


lots of remembrance services which are going on, and it really is very


special. It is quite humbling, really, to be his sister. It is


very humbling, it is an incredibly humbling experience. I am joined by


another lieutenant colonel, fresh back from Afghanistan, it is an


extraordinary experience to be here? Yes, those words she has said


about her brother absolutely capture his memory. It is usually


uplifting for us to feel so much support. Well-spoken. We are


remembering some very, very young people who have died, very recently


as well. Incredibly young people, who have sacrificed so much. We


will remember them. We will remember your brother, and all of


the others who have fallen this summer, and throughout history in


the service of our great nation. DAVID DIMBLEBY: The British Legion


organised this march past, which follows the formalities at the


Cenotaph, and the service, the Royal Family and the politicians


having left, it is the British Legion which takes over, led by


their president, Vice-Admiral Peter Wilkinson. He will be laying a


wreath on behalf of the Royal British Legion, responsible of


course for the poppies. The Poppy Day appeal now reaches a


magnificent �40 million. They are hoping for �42 million this year.


They make 45 million copies in total. It is an appeal which began


So, the solitary figure of the President, laying the wreath on


behalf of the Legion, followed by a Now, Peter Orchard, for London


Transport. The Royal Commonwealth ex- services League. The Royal


Naval Association, the Royal Air Forces Association, the Scotland


representative of the Royal British Legion and the women's section. And


as you will know if you have watched this ceremony, this is just


the beginning of what in the end will be a garden of poppies around


the foot of the Cenotaph, as all of those taking part in the parade les


their wreaths. There are many charities which take part each year


in that march past, charities which seek to help ex-servicemen and


their families in many kinds of ways. The war in Afghanistan, with


its hideous mutilation of troops by roadside bombs and by so-called


improvised explosive devices has focused on the work done by one of


these charities in particular, BLESMA, whose job is to find ways


of rehabilitating those who have suffered terrible loss of limbs.


This son of a Leicestershire farmer joined the Army and was posted to


Northern Ireland in the late 1980s, where soldiers were under attack


It was 10 May 1989 and it just on the way back, walking through


they planted a barrel with nuts As we patrolled past on foot,


and that's how I ended up losing my right leg above the knee,


my left leg below the knee, my right eye,


nearly lost my right arm but luckily they saved that.




This Paralympic


This Paralympic track


This Paralympic track cyclist was serving when he came under rocket


serving when he came under rocket fire. It landed pretty close, close


enough to do some damage. It resulted in me losing my arm. As


soon as I was injured, I had contact from BLESMA, and they took


because I don't like and in 2008 I did the Atlantic


It was hard work on the boat I had some scary times


but actually, turning round, I really enjoyed it.


I got a one-off grant from BLESMA to help my cycling costs,


you know, when I started my cycling,


which was obviously very helpful in the early days.


Then going to the games, whilst I didn't get the gold,


but I got three silvers.


COMMENTATOR: And on the line, he's just outside.


But there's still loads more to come, which is encouraging for Rio.


I mean, the way I look at it is like


if I hadn't got injured then I wouldn't be a cyclist.


And I quite like my cycling.


I didn't want to think of myself as a disabled person,


and I probably didn't for years and years.


I think my mum changed that in my mind


because she met somebody who'd been a Paralympian.


He was playing wheelchair basketball- and he said,


"Why don't you get your son to come along?"


And I went along and I was like,


"Oh, I don't know if I want to be here


"with all these disabled people,"


and I got in this wheelchair


and they let me have a go and that was it.


Changed my mindset completely.


14 years on I still play wheelchair basketball and coach,


and I go into schools and teach as well,


so, you know, it's opened up a new angle on my life.


I don't often get a tear in my eye


but being down at the Cenotaph really does push me to that point.


It's a humbling experience, to be honest.




It certainly


It certainly is,


It certainly is, especially when you meet people like these two. You


were very badly injured two years ago - explain what happened to you.


I was injured on foot patrol in Afghanistan with the Royal Welsh. I


stood on an IED and lost my legs, and a lot of my eyesight. I am here


today with blind veterans, marching up the front. When you were injured,


you were so close to the end of your tour as well. Yes, I had six


days left. It is unlucky, really, but I am here today, so... You have


had a lot of help since you came home - how much difference has that


made? It is good. I lost most of my eyesight, and at the beginning, two


or three years ago, at that stage, they helped me out a lot. We did a


lot of activities, it was really good. They help you out with a lot


of equipment, computer courses, just basically getting you back on


track. Lance-corporal Croucher, you're going to be accompanying him


today in the March Past, and you are incredibly lucky, by all rights,


you should have been very badly injured, you throw yourself on top


of an IED to protect your mind. and grenade, not quite as big, but


yes, it puts things in perspective. He has been my drinking buddy for


the last 24 hours. But it is great to see everybody here. It is a


really nice morning, and everybody is really quite upbeat. What


actually happened to you, because it was your backpack which took the


force of the blast, wasn't it? I was on a reconnaissance mission


in Afghanistan, about 3 o'clock in the morning. I had to throw my days


at on top of the grenade, to use it as a shield between myself and the


three guys behind me. And for that, you were awarded the George Cross -


what does it mean for you to be here today but steady it is great,


I am getting more involved with blind veterans now. It is terrible


enough that they have to deal with the injuries they have got, let


alone being blind. It means a lot to come along, it puts things in


perspective. I am perfectly healthy apart from a couple of knocks, it


is people like him which this is really for. Because today, of


really for. Because today, of course, we remember very much


people like you, whose lives have been so changed by war - what does


that public recognition mean to you? It is good. You know that you


are not forgotten about, basically. I am here for all the men who sadly


did not make it, that is why I am here today. It is a good place to


DAVID DIMBLEBY: Nearly 10,000 people - veterans, relations of


veterans, waiting to march past. That Blackstone The Women at War


memorial. Looking up towards Trafalgar Square. This band will


not be playing, it will be marching around to Horse Guards Parade and


it will play there. Now, there are by my reckoning something like 230


contingents marching past today. We will try and identify as many as we


can, but obviously, we could not identify all of them. So, apologies


to any contingent which feels it did not get a mention. We will try


to pick out at least some of them as they come past. There are a


So, the massed bands play, as this band leads, firstly, the Royal


British Legion and their representatives, those who have


chosen to come, saluting the Cenotaph. In top hats, the three


men who will be receiving the wreaths from the contingents as


they go by. This year, the parade is led by the Royal Naval


Association. Everyone who has served in the Royal Navy can be


long. And then, the green berets of the Royal Marines Association.


Their we've bearer. Mark Ormerod, a triple amputee. All trained to


Commando level before they get the coveted green beret. They will be


followed by the Merchant Navy Association. Winston Churchill said


the only thing that really frightened him during the war was


the U-boat peril in the Atlantic. Next, the Fleet Air Arm Association.


This association, marching for the first time this year. They served


in the Indonesian confrontation in the early 1960s. They were flying


helicopters down the narrow rivers. This year, we have had the


Cumberland Association, HMS Ganges, the last sea-going, wooden


battleship, which became a shore station in later years.


Associations from all different ships. The Ton Class Association,


representing villages. The this association now has its own state-


of-the-art hospital ship, the Naval Nursing Sisters. The Royal Naval


Association, the Association of Wrens, who now have their first


captains at sea, in a big change from when they were not allowed on


ships. Next, the Royal Fleet Auxiliary Association. The Russian


convoy Club, who are longing for a medal to recognise the ghastly work


that they did, going in freezing weather to Archangel, through the


ice, from August until the very last day of the war, trying to


bring supplies to the Russian Army, in something which was known as the


suicide run by Winston Churchill. The Special Boat Service is here,


The British Limbless Ex-Service Men's Association, which we were


hearing about earlier. They have got more than 2000 members now in


BLESMA. The Royal Hospital Chelsea, founded by Charles II in 1682, run


on military lines, and now gives places to veterans of the Armed


Forces, women included, who give up their pension to live in what you


might call a semi-military-style at the very beautiful Royal Hospital.


They are followed by the Queen Alexandra's Hospital for disabled


ex-servicemen. The Combat Stress Organisation, helps people to cope


with all kinds of psychological problems, something which has


gained increasing recognition as the years have gone by. And that is


the first column going past. Now, The first Army Association,


followed by the Aden veterans. The first Army landed in Algeria in


November 1940, in Operation Torch, to occupy Algeria. 36 members of


that association felt that they tended to be forgotten, so fault


that organisation in 1990. The Queen's Body Guard of the Yeomen of


the Guard is here, who protect the sovereign. The British Korean


Veterans, who served against communist operations from the north.


They are followed by the Malayan Volunteers Group. They are playing


popular tunes to keep these veterans marching. The Gurkhas, and


the Borneo Veterans Association. The Gurkhas are currently serving


in Afghanistan. The National Pigeon War Service. The Gallantry


Medallists League, led by a former Army bomb disposal officer,


decorated for his services in Northern Ireland. The Burma Star


The Association. Constance there was a nurse in India, one of the


nurses who dealt with thousands of Next, the Far East prisoner of War


Association. Among them is Maurice Crowther. Maurice Crowther, who we


saw here on his first visit, 91 years old, pushed by his daughter.


We saw him visiting the grave of his friend in Thailand for the


first time. This is his first time on parade here. 50,000 British


service personnel were captured by the Japanese, and 12,000 of them


died. As this parade goes on past, we have many other units to come,


let's just go back to Sophie Raworth. Here on Whitehall, the


mood has shifted dramatically, with a real sense of pride, not as


sombre as it was a few minutes ago. Absolutely. It has really switched


all of a sudden from immense dignity for the fallen into now,


clapping behind me, the pride in these people marching by. We are


immensely proud of what they have done. There is a real sense of


comradeship, spanning the generations. Absolutely, and of


course, comradeship is about a fellowship of man, it is about


common values, a shared purpose and unique experiences which nothing


else in civilian life could replicate. What we are seeing here


now are these teams recognising those experiences that they have


had. You watch them going past, these faces, these stories, each


one with incredible stories to tell. Yes, this is living history,


standing in front of us. They will gather afterwards and reflect on


that history. They are off course hugely proud of everything they


have done. The irony is, only they know what they have done. Only


amongst that small team, they will be saying, we know what we did and


we know why we did it. You were in Afghanistan just 10 days ago - will


the people out there be watching? Absolutely. I know from experience


that they will have gathered this morning, they will have done their


services, people will be on patrol, standing on checkpoints now, and


they will be remembering some of the losses that they have already


had, even though we only handed over a few days ago. Lieutenant


Colonel Zac Stenning, thank you very much.


DAVID DIMBLEBY: The head of the march past has now reached Horse


Guards Parade, where the royal salute is taken. The Earl of Wessex


is standing there. They come all the way down Whitehall, and then


all the way past this saluting podium. The Black Watch Association,


with their blue bonnets. Always on parade here. They have been


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 86 seconds


The Black Watch are followed by the Highlanders.


The Argyl and Sotter land Highlanders and the Coldstream


Guards Association and the Guards The chief of the air staff there


watching this parade and the chief of the general staff is there too.


They are watching the parade as it goes past and the Navy Chief as


well so they go up on to the balcony on the Foreign and


Commonwealth Office to watch the parade go past.


The Grenadier Guards Association, the Coldstream Guards, the Guards


Parachute Association. There is Sean, who we were hearing


from a moment ago. It is Line Veteran UK, they used to


be known for years as St St Dunstan's marching there.


The next column is led by the Royal Military Me me Mechanical


Association. They were called the people who


kept the punch in the Army's fist. The Royal Military Police


Association in their bright red berets.


Behind them, the Royal Army Education Corps and then the


Veterinary Corps and the Dental Corps.


The Royal Scotch Dragoon Guards. There is Kendrick marching.


One son said -- one son served in the Gulf War, the other son served


in the Falklands and Northern Ireland.


The they are followed by the Royal Dragoon Guards deployed in


Afghanistan. And the Ghurkha Brigade Association.


The Ghurkhas selecteded from young men who live in Nepal. They have


200 places a year, 28,000 young men apply.


And their famous motto, "Better to The Reconnaissance Regiment of the


Old Comrades Association and the Army Dog Unit.


This is 656 Squadron Association in their light blue berets, currently


deployed on HMS Illustrious. They handle Apache attack helicopters.


They have been on three tours in Helmand province.


And behind them the Home Guard Association which was formed in


1940. A huge number of people joined it. 1.5 million and in the


end, two million or more in preparation for a possible German


invasion. The Royal Engineers Association, Bomb Disposal Division.


The teams who made safe over five million items of explosives after


Saddam Hussein's defeat in the in the first Gulf War, not the second


Gulf War, but the first Gulf War. The Army Air Corps, they fly Apache


and links helicopters too -- Lynx, Prince Harry of Wales is attached


to their division. They were responsible for the big glider


action on D-Day and the capture of Peg assuss Bridge and the Army


Catering scarp corps. The scarlet and green and the khaki berets, the


armed labour force, absolutely vital, working wherever the Army


was during the Second World War, laying the fuel line to Germany and


they received the title Royal because of the work they had done.


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 86 seconds


The Reconnaissance Corps follows Coastal Command and Maritime Air


Association. Costal Command which was responsible for flying out to


sea, and protecting convoys and hunting submarines.


Followed by the Royal Air Force ex- prisoner of war association. That


man is a famous figure shot down in his plane and marching with them


Jack Lyon who was in the tunnel when The Great Escape was


discovered. The majority of them were prisoners in Germany World War


Let's join Sophie again. You are here for the first time.


You are a serving solicitor jerp. What is your -- soldier? What is


your impression. What strikes you most about standing on Whitehall?


am struck by the dignity and the pride and the service we had at the


start and the contrast of the pride of those marching past and the


respect really for each other and for those who have fallen.


You have just return from Afghanistan, only ten-days ago. How


important is it to have an annual Remembrance Day like this when the


nation really does stop and remember those who have given their


lives? It is hugely important. It is that single day in the year when


we stand together, no matter what our rank or back background, and as


a nation we remember the commitment of the members of the Armed Forces.


We live as soldiers today and tomorrow, but the chance for the


nation to stop and stand together means everything to us.


Thank you very much. And for everybody, standing here in


Whitehall watching, or if you are at home watching this on television


there, is a moment of extreme pride combined with sadness of the


courage of these men and of the people who they have come here to


represent, who died in war. Bomber Command are here. The Royal


Observer Corps. The National Service Association. The Sick


Squadron Association, -- the Six Squadron Association. I said we


can't mention them all, indeed we can't. 233 delegations on this


parade. The South Atlantic Medal


Association led by Julian Thompson. With him Commander Mike Clapp. 255


British servicemen most their lives. They are followed by the soldiers,


sailors, and families association. 12 members of the First Aid


Yeomanry there in a single line. The Association of Jewish Men and


Women. The wreath bearer and founder member whose husband was


killed when his helicopter was shot down over Basra.


They held their own service at the Cenotaph yesterday.


It is when they lay their wreath in the form of white flowers.


The British Ghurkha Welfare Association.


The Ghurkha Welfare Society raising money for the Ghurkhas who as we


know too well have been for a long time excluded from the benefits


that other members of the Armed The Not Forgotten Association. The


wreath layer who yesterday received an award from the French Government


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The Ulster Defence Regiment Association in their green blazers


and green beret. 197 soldiers, four of them women, lost their lives


during service in the Ulster Defence Regiment in Northern


Ireland. And they are followed by the Irish


Defence Forces veterans for the UK and the Northern Ireland Veterans


Association. And there are 25 members of the


Commando Veterans Association wearing the green beret. First


Royal Marine Commandos formed in 1942 at Churchill's specific


request and was an elite fighting force. He called them leopards who


could spring at the throats of the enemy. 25 of them on parade this


The Bevan Boys who instead of being called up by Lottery went down the


mines and worked as miners during the war. Transport for London, the


Old Comrades Association. The Salvation Army.


They have been working since the world war, giving support to the


troops. And the NAAFI follow them, they


were set-up to run recreational establishments, again set-up by


Winston Churchill in 1920. There are -- they are a national


Association of retired police officers, formed in 1919.


And the London Ambulance Service Trust.


St John Ambulance is here. And as these long lines still pass


the Cenotaph, I should just mention one thing that the march-past as I


said earlier disappears from sight after it passes the sen the


cenotaph, it goes behind Whitehall and on to Horse Guards were the


Earl of Wessex is taking the salute. This is the place where the annual


trooping of the colour ceremony takes place. Now, if you would like


to watch that part of today's events, when this broadcast is


finished, you can push the Red Button and continue to see the


march-past. And over there on Horse Guards,


Sophie Rayworth will be talking to more of the veterans. That's later,


at the end of this programme. The Commonwealth War Graves


Commission, responsible for graves all over the world which are


beautifully maintained as a commemoration. 23,000 places in 150


different countries. Well, we are coming towards the end


of the march-past here at the Cenotaph. Nearly 10,000 people,


veterans of the Second World War and wars since then, no one left to


march for the First World War which killed over one million British and


Commonwealth servicemen. But it is not just the dead who are


remembered here, but the living. Those whose lives have been


destroyed by injury and the families devastated, their hopes


and dreams in ruin. So much death, so much destruction. As a former


Her Majesty the Queen leads the nation's Remembrance Sunday commemorations from the Cenotaph in Whitehall. Dignitaries from around the Commonwealth, the prime minister, leading politicians, representatives of many of the world's religions and military leaders join thousands of veterans from countless conflicts for the two minute silence, service and march past. All gather to remember those men and women who have died in action serving their country.

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