2017 Trooping the Colour


2017

Live coverage of the military parade to mark the official birthday of Her Majesty The Queen. The 1st Battalion Irish Guards troop their colour in a display of pageantry and music.


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Transcript


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Everything is set for one of the great state events of the season and

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for the first time in eight years it is the turn of the Irish Guards to

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troop their colour. They will be inspired by the sound of the pipes

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and the drums and by the sight of the regimental mascot, done done.

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All set then for the music and the majesty of the Queen's Birthday

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Parade. On this day of celebration, Her

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Majesty is mindful of the tragic recent events in London and

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Manchester has issued the following statement today:

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This year, however, it is difficult to escape a very'

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In recent months, the country has witnessed a succession

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As a nation, we continue to reflect and pray for all those who have been

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During recent visits in Manchester and London,

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I have been profoundly struck by the immediate inclination

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of people throughout the country to offer comfort and support

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Put to the test, the United Kingdom has been resolute in

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United in our sadness, we are equally determined,

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without fear or favour, to support all those

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rebuilding lives so horribly affected by injury and loss".

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That was the statement issued by Buckingham Palace on the morning of

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her official Birthday Parade and the Queen will be leading a national one

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minute's silence at 10.45am before the parade gets under way. Well,

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that parade will begin shortly at horse guards. Bathed in sunshine

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today for the ceremony of Trooping the Colour, a tradition that spans

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more than two centuries. This year's escort provided by the 1st Battalion

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Irish Guards. It is a great honour for them. They have been working so

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hard in preparation for this parade. The crowds, thousands of people, in

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the stands around horse guards, many of them relatives and friends of

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those taking part and there is a very strong Irish presence among

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them. There is live coverage of the events on BBC One. There is unedited

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continuous coverage on the Red Button. The regimental mascot making

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his way towards the horse guards building. We are looking forward to

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an impressive parade. Let's join Sonali Shah with the Household

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Cavalry as they complete their work. For some of the horses it has been a

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4.30am start. There are two regiments the Blues and Royals and

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the Life Guards. This year it is the turn of the Life Guards to take the

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lead. What happened this morning is they made sure they came down to

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check the horses, any that were nervous, a little bit fizzy, they

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went out for an early ride and then it was back here, for all the

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grooming. Last minute preparations. We've lot liming going on to make

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sure the hooves are dry. And bandaging up the tail to make it

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look pristine. Some of the horses are very much ready. There is no

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over exuberance here which bodes well for the parade. More from

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Sonali later. We're joined by a special guest with first hand

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experience of taking part in the Birthday Parade, Brigadier

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Christopher. Good morning to you. Good morning. We found this reminder

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of your day back on parade in 1996. While we admire this and think of

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all the style that you showed on the day, what are your thoughts looking

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ahead to this morning's parade? Well, Huw, seeing the footage from

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1996 brings all the memories back and I can clearly remember our

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feelings of pride and excitement which I know everybody on parade

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will be feeling today, like all Irish Guards men I'm looking forward

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to something special on horse guards today. 21 years ago we put in a

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considerable amount of work for our day and I'm sure today's Irish

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Guards men will have done the same. We're looking forward to it. The

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troops on tread today have had relatively little time to prepare.

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We caught up with the guardsmen at the Army Training Centre in

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Pirbright - where they rehearse in all weathers to

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Today, we're here in Pirbright, which is where we do quite

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We spend a lot of time on this square behind me.

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My advice to any guards when they're struggling on the day

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Keeping that many people in a straight line is quite hard.

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Giving a glance out of your left eye to make sure you're in line

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The main reason we are one of the, if not the, best

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army in the world is because of our discipline

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There's no better way to display that discipline

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You get a cautionary word of command and an executionary word of command.

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The cautionary word is telling the soldiers

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that they're about to act, so it would be a long drawn out

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And then your executionary word will be short, sharp word.

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After the tragic events in Manchester, we paused

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the preparations for the Queen's birthday parade and many

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of the troops who will be on parade found themselves standing

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shoulder-to-shoulder with a policeman in Windsor

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and London, guarding locations as a result of the threat level

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The Major General commanding the household division was rightly

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full of praise for the boys, not only for what they did,

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but how quickly they've readjusted to make sure that we can deliver,

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not just our operational commitments, but also

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keep delivering on the Queen's birthday parade.

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Be agressive and be disciplined in everything you do.

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You're there, when you see the crowd, you know your family

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are there in the stands to support you and obviously Her Majesty is

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She's there to celebrate her birthday, which is a real honour.

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Well, thankfully there is no need to worry about the rain, but the Irish

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Guards will have to deal with serious heat in London today and

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their Commanding Officer Jonathan Palmer is here with his horse

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Wellingtonment you are in charge of giving the crucial words of commands

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to the Footguards. Any nerves? Mostly nerves. I want to get it

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right for the boys whose parade it is. I'm very much looking forward to

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you riding. You only started riding six months ago. You haven't had long

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with Wellington, are you getting on OK? I'm indebted to the Household

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Cavalry Regiment whose instructors have been very patient with me. The

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best of luck. Thank you. And these are the guards that he

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will be commanding on parade today. The support company of the 1st

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Battalion Irish Guards providing the Escort. They are the stars of the

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parade in many ways, led by Major Charlie Mulira. They are providing

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men for number two guard and number three guard. The Irish Guards were

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the fourth regiment of Footguards to be founded which explains why the

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buttons are arranged in groups of four and there is the green plume of

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St Patrick. Number six guard, found by the Coldstream Guards who Trooped

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their Colour successfully last year. The Coldstream Guards are providing

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the street liners for this year. Next, we have number five guard.

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Found by F Company Scots Guards, that's an independent company

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created in 1994. And number 4 guard, found by Njimegen Company Grenadier

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Guards created in 1994 to carry the colours of the second suspended

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battalion. The Welsh Guards are represented by the musicians. Many

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of them led by the Senior Director of Music Lieutenant Colonel Roberts.

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Norman Hunter is taking part in his 24th Birthday Parade.

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And as the Senior Director of Music will confirm -

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a great deal of thought goes into the music that

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is performed every year - more than 30 pieces of

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music - chosen after a careful process - a rather

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obscure process - but this year we've been

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allowed a glimpse of how it all comes together.

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Music for the Queen's Birthday Parade is incredibly

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important, because if the guardsmen have a real strong

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beat as they go round, then it's quite uplifting for them.

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Today has been the selection process for choosing the music

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I think it's very important to reflect the Irish

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element of the parade, because trooping our own colour

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doesn't come around very often, so it's very important to get it

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The key Irish tunes in there are great to have.

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I've sung all of these songs to my children and I know

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that all of the Irishman who are marching, it will mean

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a great deal to them to hear this and it will really resonate

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with people watching, to the extent that I would say that

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people would be quite surprised/ delighted to hear them played

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A piece I've composed especially for this parade is called Messines

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Ridge and, almost to the day, commemorating 100 years

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MUSIC: "Messines Ridge" by Maj Bruce Miller.

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There were representatives from both north and south

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If Her Majesty was tapping her foot to my music on the day,

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it would be a wonderful feeling and a great send off in my

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You're going to get a huge uplift there, it'll be

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And a lot going on all the way through.

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So, yeah, we'll go for Messines Ridge.

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Rather fascinating insight into the selection of music of for the

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Birthday Parade. We are looking forward to hearing Messines Ridge

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later. The Colour party is in place.

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Protecting the Colour which was presented to the 1st Battalion Irish

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Guards by Her Majesty in 2009. The regiment's 21 Battle Honours

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featured on the colour, the most recent being Iraq in 2003. What an

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honour, the honour of protecting the colour goes to two colour centuries

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Guardsmen Anthony Coates on the right and Jacob Todd on the left.

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It's a great day for them and Colour Sergeant Vince Hockley. This is his

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first Birthday Parade despite the fact he has put in 18 years of

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service and I have to say something of a miracle that Vince is with us

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today because he suffered terrible injuries in Afghanistan back in 2010

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when he and four others came under attack and Chris, you know Vince

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Hockley. You indeed know the circumstances of what happened on

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that dreadful day. Well, indeed, Huw it is a great moment for Colour

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Sergeant Vince Hockley and his presence here is remarkable. I was

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his Commanding Officer in Afghanistan and I was there when he

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was taken off the medical evacuation helicopter and seeing him then when

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I saw him, it was questionable whether he would live. But he's here

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today, it is testament to his resolve and the skill and the care

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of the medical staff and I also like to remember Guardsmen Christopher

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Davis and major Matt Collins and Sergeant Mark who were killed on

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that tour of Afghanistan. Indeed. Lots of reflection on the parade

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ground today because as I said, here on horse guards, we are standing by

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in a few minutes time for the minute's silence. This is the

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silence that will be led by Her Majesty the Queen at Buckingham

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Palace. A great sight along the Mall which

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is decked in Union Flags for this Birthday Parade and the Royal

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Standard, prominently flying above Buckingham Palace. Following the

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recent loss of life at the Grenfell Tower in North Kensington West

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London and the loss of life in those dreadful tower attacks in London and

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Manchester. The Queen has issued the statement today to say that what is

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traditionally a day of celebration, is clearly also a day where we must

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reflect the sombre mood of the nation in Her Majesty's words. So

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the decision was taken by Her Majesty to lead a one minute's

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silence before the Birthday Parade gets under way.

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The scene at Buckingham Palace, Her Majesty and the Duke of Edinburgh

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standing in silence for a minute before the first departures in the

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Queen's Birthday Parade of 2017. The Household Cavalry providing the

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Sovereign's Escort, standing by for the Queen to leave for the parade

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but before that, other members of the Royal family will make the

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journey along the mouth to horse guards. -- along the Mall.

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The first carriage procession is on its way. It will include the Duchess

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of Cambridge, the Duchess of Cornwall, Prince Harry...

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The Duchess of Cornwall and Prince Harry and the Duchess of Cambridge

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in the first carriage, emerging from the Palace on a sunny but rather

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sombre morning, following that national silence led by the Queen.

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And then we have in the second carriage, the Duke of York and the

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Earl of Wessex and the Duke of York's daughters. The crowds

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acknowledging the first carriage and the second as it passes, and in the

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following carriage, we have the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester and the

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Duke of Kent. The Duke of Gloucester, cousin to

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the Queen, the Duke of Kent, of course, a cousin to both the Queen

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and the Duke of Edinburgh. So this procession is slightly later than

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usual because of the minute's silent but making its way along the Mall in

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glorious sunshine with big crowds already gathered and later, there

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will be even greater crowds back at the Palace following the parade for

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the appearance on the balcony of the entire Royal family, and a very

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impressive fly past, the birthday fly-past by the Royal Air Force,

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featuring some 29 aircraft. That is all to come.

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The Duchess of Cornwall, in the first carriage, earlier this month,

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a few days after the attack on London bridge, was with the Prince

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of Wales at the Royal London Hospital, visiting members of the

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public there who were injured in the London bridge attack. And last week,

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the Duchess of Cambridge watched the Colonel's Review Wendy Duke of

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Cambridge oversaw the parade as Colonel of the Irish Guards. -- when

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the Duke of Cambridge. The Royal Salute is founded by the

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Field officer's Trumpeter Of The Sovereign's Escort, Drew the Joe

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Gregg of the lifeguards. This year, the Queen celebrated her 91st

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birthday in April and is attending her 65th Birthday Parade as

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sovereign, a record unmatched by a British monarch. 2017 also marks the

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first-ever sapphire jubilee for a British monarch, passing the

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remarkable milestone of 65 years on the throne. At Her Majesty's side

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once again this year, the Duke of Edinburgh, who celebrated his 96th

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birthday last Saturday. The Royal household and out last month that

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the Duke would not be undertaking public engagements from the autumn,

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stepping back from lots of his commitment that he had over the

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years but he is here today in his capacity as Colonel of the Grenadier

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Guards, but for the first time at parade, he is not in his Colonel's

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uniform. -- at the parade. Followed in the procession by the

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Royal Colonels, the Princess Royal on the left, there, who is the

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Colonel of the Blues and Royals, a position she has held since 1998 and

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then the Duke of Cambridge in his seventh year riding as Colonel of

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the Irish Guards and the Prince of Wales, riding as Colonel of the

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Welsh Guards, a role he has undertaken for the past 42 years.

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The Prince of Wales succeeded his father on St David's Day 1975 as

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Colonel of the Welsh Guards. The Duke of Edinburgh had been Colonel

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of the Welsh Guards since 1953 up until Mike Dean 75. And then the

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Duke of Cambridge, a very special year for him because it is his

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regiment who will be Trooping the Colour today.

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The first section of carriages arriving at Horse Guards Parade,

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just passing the youth enclosure on the left, with hundreds of members

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of the girl guides and the Brownies and the Boys' Brigade greeting the

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carriages as they pass. And we can see that the guards' formation has

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changed because number three guard has opened to make way for the first

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royal guests, as the band prepares to play the national anthem to Greek

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them. And then the royal party will have the best view in the house,

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really, watching the parade from the Major General's office overlooking

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Horse Guards, the office once used by the Duke of Wellington.

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Prince Harry saluting the Colour. An St Patrick's Day, 17th of March, the

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Duchess of Cambridge was presenting sprigs of shamrock to the Irish

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Guards during the annual St Patrick's Day parade will stop the

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presence of the Dutch as this year at the ceremony is upholding a

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tradition that has been maintained by a female member of the Royal

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family since it was started by Queen Alexandra in 1901. For decades, it

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was maintained by the late Queen Mother, of course, who first

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attended the shamrock ceremony in 1928 but this was the scene on March

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the 17th this year. Lovely images, Chris, and again, underlining forest

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the absolute importance of tradition for the Irish Guards. Quite right,

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St Patrick's Day is a very special day for all Irish Guards men, in a

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family regiment, it is our family gathering, a time to meet up and

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catch up with old friends. Since 2012, the shamrock has been

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presented by the Duchess of Cambridge. It is a relationship we

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value particularly highly because she's a part our family.

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A great site on the Mall and the Brigade Major, David Hannah of the

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Irish Guards, followed by four troopers of the lifeguards, leading

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the sovereign's procession, the top finishers of the Princess Elizabeth

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Cup, the annual regimental competition, so they have earned

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their place is here today in such a prominent role. And the Brigade

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Major, riding Bastian today, is the one responsible for the precise

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timing of today's procession. Then of course, the great site of the

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mountain bands of the Household Cavalry -- the great sight of the

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mounted band of the Household Cavalry. The great Drum Horses

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making their way along to Horse Guards Parade. The mounted band is

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directed by Captain James Marshall of the Blues and Royals, the

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assistant Director of Music. The first and second divisions of the

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Sovereign's Escort provided this year by the lifeguards, unmistakable

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in their dazzling red tunics with white plumes, the senior regiment in

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the British Army, raised in 1658 by the exiled king, Charles II. The

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field officer of the Escort, Major James Harbour ward, it is his last

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Birthday Parade today as he retires from the Army in December. -- Major

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James Harbord. And then the third and fourth divisions of the

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Sovereign's Escort provided by the Blues and Royals in their dark blue

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tunics and red blooms. The state helmets designed by Prince Albert in

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1842. The tradition we see today of inviting the Household Cavalry to

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escort the sovereign to the parade was introduced, I suppose relatively

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recently, if you look at the great arc of history, in 1937 by King

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George VI. The Duke of Edinburgh has enjoyed a very long connection with

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the Birthday Parade. He always enjoys attending. Today's events, of

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course, a celebration of Her Majesty's official birthday, the

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tradition established by Edward VII because his actual birthday fell in

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November so he chose June is a much more promising month in which to

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hold a Birthday Parade and today proves that he was right. The

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weather is indeed glorious. The Royal Colonels, following the

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procession behind the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh, along this great

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processional route which was designed by Sir Aston Webb more than

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a century ago. It was in 1947 that Princess

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Elizabeth, and she then was, took part in her first parade as Colonel

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of the Grenadier Guards. In 1951, when the king was ill, she took his

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place on Horse Guards. A year later, riding a horse called Winston, she

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took part as Queen. She has been here every year since then with the

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exception of 1955 when there was a rail strike, and every year, it is a

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remarkable spectacle. The Mounted Bands are now on the

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approach road, passing the youth enclosure. They will burst into

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applause -- applause when they catch sight of the Queen and the Duke. 150

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members of the girl guides, the Girls' Brigade, the Brownies, the

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Rainbows, some 90 members of the Boys' Brigade, and some Boy Scout as

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well. -- Boy Scouts as well. All the flags of the Commonwealth

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are being flown today in order of joining that organisation. Just

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underlining again the Queen's very strong belief in the value of the

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Commonwealth with its values and its ambition of friendship and

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collaboration. The Queen's coach man this year is Philip Barnard Brown

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from Melbourne. Philip has been at the Royal Mews for 16 years and we

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believe he is the first Australian to achieve the position of the

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coachman to the Queen. Among those watching in the stands

:31:03.:31:32.

are 11 Chelsea Pensioners, they are led by Colonel Mark Baker. They are

:31:33.:31:43.

looking very smart in their coats and tricorne hats. The Queen's

:31:44.:31:49.

carriage is crossing on to the parade ground. The head coachman

:31:50.:31:58.

will salute the Colour with his whip. And the Queen's Birthday

:31:59.:32:04.

Parade of 2017 is about to begin. The Royal Standard will be released.

:32:05.:32:09.

The Field Officer will give his command and then the National Anthem

:32:10.:32:10.

will be played. Shoulder arms.

:32:11.:33:45.

The Queen's first task is to inspect the line of guards. It is an

:33:46.:33:51.

opportunity for the Massed Bands to entertain. Music for the slow

:33:52.:33:57.

inspection has been arranged for today's parade by the Irish cards

:33:58.:34:02.

current Director of Music Major Bruce Miller.

:34:03.:35:41.

The music changes to feature Sweet Dublin Bay. The Queen is

:35:42.:36:02.

Colonel-In-Chief of all the regiments on parade today. Their

:36:03.:36:37.

motto The Standard Bearer is Corporal Major Daniel Sentance who

:36:38.:36:41.

returned to ceremonial duties last year after three tours in

:36:42.:36:43.

Afghanistan. The procession continues

:36:44.:36:55.

past the King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery -

:36:56.:36:58.

commanded by Major Jim Luck - whose members will be

:36:59.:37:07.

making a grand entrance later on - their lead gun

:37:08.:37:09.

is in The officer in charge

:37:10.:37:11.

of the entire Household Division - and general

:37:12.:37:14.

officer commanding London District -

:37:15.:37:16.

is Major-General Ben Bathurst - who commanded this

:37:17.:37:18.

parade a few years ago. He shared his thoughts

:37:19.:37:20.

on his new role. Well, it's a huge privilege

:37:21.:37:24.

as the Major-General commanding the Household Division and I think

:37:25.:37:26.

particularly given this year, only so recently we've been

:37:27.:37:30.

conducting Operation Temperer, so all the soldiers you will

:37:31.:37:33.

see going past were, just a couple of weeks ago,

:37:34.:37:35.

assisting the police I'll think of all the men

:37:36.:37:37.

and women on parade, how they do their jobs,

:37:38.:37:43.

whatever they are asked to do, so professionally,

:37:44.:37:46.

so successfully. So it's a first parade

:37:47.:37:51.

for Major-General Bathurst - but it's a final Birthday Parade

:37:52.:37:55.

as senior director of music for Lt Col Kevin

:37:56.:37:58.

Roberts of the Welsh Guards after three

:37:59.:38:01.

very successful years. It's important we get the music

:38:02.:38:19.

right so it reflects the various elements and it lifts people where

:38:20.:38:24.

it needs to. I need to keep an element in my mind focus odden the

:38:25.:38:28.

words of command and the music. I'm hoping that I can rely on my

:38:29.:38:32.

experience to really enjoy and savour this, my last parade.

:38:33.:38:43.

Kevin Roberts sharing his thoughts with us and Ben Bathurst too. A

:38:44.:38:47.

quick word on the challenge facing Ben today. Well, Huw, a hugely

:38:48.:38:53.

important day for him. A hugely experienced operational soldier. And

:38:54.:38:56.

he will be applying the standards of operations to today, but quite a

:38:57.:39:02.

moment for him. A big moment now for the Massed Bands getting the parade

:39:03.:39:07.

proper under way as they prepare to perform one of the real highlights

:39:08.:39:09.

of the parade for over a century. Massed Bands by the centre. Slow

:39:10.:39:26.

march. With that raised trombone, the band

:39:27.:42:07.

will get ready for that quick march in a moment.

:42:08.:43:03.

MUSIC: "Les Huguenots" - Meyerbeer arr Godfrey.

:43:04.:43:53.

Massed Bands, by the centre, quick march!

:43:54.:44:07.

The familiar figure of Major Scott Fitzgerald in his final Birthday

:44:08.:44:16.

Parade ordering Messines Ridge composed by David Millar.

:44:17.:44:29.

MUSIC: "Messines Ridge" - Miller. The lone drummer breaks away. He is

:44:30.:44:33.

from Ballymoney in Northern Ireland. He is acknowledged to be the best

:44:34.:44:38.

drummer in the regiment. He is getting ready for the next phase of

:44:39.:44:40.

the parade. The drama playing eight bars of a

:44:41.:47:20.

field signal calling the Drummer's Call, recalling an age when field

:47:21.:47:23.

signals were made using drums. Remainder, change

:47:24.:47:42.

arms, stand at ease. The orderly, Guardsman Rainey, who

:47:43.:47:53.

is from Birmingham, marching two years ago, comes forward to take the

:47:54.:47:58.

paste it from Regimental Sergeant Major Daniel Hinton who can then

:47:59.:48:00.

draw his sword ready to protect the Colour in the next phase of the

:48:01.:48:02.

parade. Escort for the Colour,

:48:03.:48:28.

by the left, quick march. The Escort stepping off very smartly

:48:29.:48:40.

to Do Much Of The British Grenadiers, a good opportunity for

:48:41.:48:47.

the men to stretch their legs and show their style and flair after

:48:48.:48:50.

weeks of hard work. It is a great moment. Big moment for the Escort,

:48:51.:48:54.

are really proud moment, they have spent hours preparing for this.

:48:55.:48:58.

Drawn from the Support Company, the more experienced soldiers in the

:48:59.:49:02.

battalion, highly unusual for them to provide the Escort and they won

:49:03.:49:07.

the privilege in a drill completion and today is their reward and when

:49:08.:49:09.

you talk to the men in the Escort, thinking back to the idea it is a

:49:10.:49:12.

unique honour and although you may do several of the Birthday Parade is

:49:13.:49:15.

in a career, you are very unlikely to be in the Escort more than once,

:49:16.:49:19.

making today a real career highlight for each and every one of them.

:49:20.:49:44.

So the Escort marches forward and they will stop some 16 paces from

:49:45.:49:49.

the Colour Party, ready for the collection to take place.

:49:50.:50:06.

Halt! Escort for the Colour, in open order, right dress. Massed Bands

:50:07.:50:25.

will retire. About turn! The Massed Bands, turning to face the Colour

:50:26.:50:31.

Party and the senior director, Kevin Roberts, making his way through the

:50:32.:50:34.

band to a new position, close to the front.

:50:35.:50:51.

Guards attention. Change arms. Slope arms.

:50:52.:51:15.

And this is a very proud moment for Regimental Sergeant Major Daniel

:51:16.:51:21.

Hinton as he now prepares to take possession of the Colour, protecting

:51:22.:51:26.

it with his sword, ready to hand it over its safety to the Emerson,

:51:27.:51:30.

Second Lieutenant O'Connor, who will then troop the Colour through the

:51:31.:51:31.

ranks. From the old hand to the new. Second

:51:32.:52:10.

Lieutenant O'Conor, today's Anson, receives the Colour ready for the

:52:11.:52:15.

trooping, and places it safely in his white Colour belts. -- belt.

:52:16.:52:40.

Escort to the Colour, slope arms. The Ensign and Sergeant Major resume

:52:41.:53:25.

their positions in the Escort and we have now entered a new phase in the

:53:26.:53:29.

parade because having taken possession, they have become the

:53:30.:53:30.

Escort to the Colour. Escort to the Colour, change arms.

:53:31.:53:57.

Escort to the Colour, by the centre, slow march.

:53:58.:54:06.

So the Escort advances now in slow time, the bands playing Escort To

:54:07.:54:14.

The Colour by Richard Ridings, which has been played at this point ever

:54:15.:54:18.

since 1978 and very soon, the bands will have to negotiate what everyone

:54:19.:54:22.

acknowledges is a rather daunting manoeuvre.

:54:23.:54:30.

This is the military equivalent of a 3-point turn, they say, known as the

:54:31.:54:41.

Spin Wheel, 200 musicians supported by the chorus drums, having to

:54:42.:54:45.

change direction without changing formation. -- supported by the corps

:54:46.:54:53.

of drums. Among them is Drum Major Smiley of the Irish Guards and he

:54:54.:54:56.

wants us to know that his five-year-old son Adam is watching

:54:57.:55:00.

the parade at home in Datchet and of course, other people watching from

:55:01.:55:03.

different vantage point, like the Duchess of Cornwall, there, in the

:55:04.:55:06.

Major-General's office overlooking Horse Guards.

:55:07.:55:49.

The music changes to the Grenadiers Slow March written by Frederick

:55:50.:56:13.

Harris, the Escort Trooping the Colour through the ranks, the

:56:14.:56:17.

symbolic foundation of this parade, the specific honour is to parade the

:56:18.:56:23.

regimental standard or Colour as a rallying point as armies have done

:56:24.:56:24.

through the centuries. All eyes of course on the Ensign,

:56:25.:57:18.

Her Majesty looking in great detail, and the audience, and the millions

:57:19.:57:23.

of viewers around the world, Second Lieutenant O'Conor who was

:57:24.:57:25.

commissioned from Sandhurst last summer.

:57:26.:57:27.

He's been telling us about the honour of being

:57:28.:57:29.

chosen and how he's been preparing for this

:57:30.:57:31.

I'm very much aware of the symbolism of the colours.

:57:32.:57:44.

For the Irish Guards, it is a great opportunity to show off our regiment

:57:45.:57:48.

and history to the public and hopefully I will do it justice on

:57:49.:57:50.

the day. A lot of hard work has gone into

:57:51.:57:58.

this, Chris, not just for the Ensign but for all of those taking part in

:57:59.:58:01.

the parade, as you know, having taken part yourself. Absolutely, and

:58:02.:58:06.

memories of 21 years ago fresh but looking at it now, the Colour as the

:58:07.:58:09.

central part in the parade today and it is the central part of the

:58:10.:58:13.

battalion, it has enormous significance, not only for the Irish

:58:14.:58:16.

Guards past and present, the people on parade today, but it is a

:58:17.:58:21.

consecrated symbol of the Battalion of the regiment, it was used

:58:22.:58:23.

hundreds of years ago as a rallying point in battle and the act of

:58:24.:58:27.

Trooping the Colour was to ensure that every minute what his Colour

:58:28.:58:32.

looked like so today as much as then, Carlas are revered as a

:58:33.:58:35.

central part of the battalion and to all those on parade, it represents

:58:36.:58:38.

the spirit and the soul of the regiment. Those who have been killed

:58:39.:58:42.

in action, our past achievements, and it provides an enduring link to

:58:43.:58:46.

the monarchy, as the Queen, Al Colonel in Chief, presents the

:58:47.:58:50.

colours, so I really proud moment for the Ensign as he troops the

:58:51.:58:52.

Colour in front of his fellow guardsmen.

:58:53.:59:39.

The Escort arriving alongside number to guard and then passing to its

:59:40.:59:45.

original position, the right guide of number two guard, company

:59:46.:59:46.

Sergeant Major Griffiths. Halt! Escort to the Colour will

:59:47.:59:55.

advance. Left turn. Escort to the Colour. Change arms.

:59:56.:00:09.

Escort to the Colour. Present arms. Numbers one to five guards will

:00:10.:01:26.

retire. Turn. Guides steady. At the halt. Right form. Quick

:01:27.:01:29.

march. Music was composed after the World

:01:30.:01:46.

War by Tom Birkett of the Coldstream Guards as we prepare for the next

:01:47.:01:50.

phase of the Queen's Birthday Parade.

:01:51.:02:02.

Numbers one to gif guards will advance. Turn.

:02:03.:02:38.

Number six guard, close order, march. Number six guard will move to

:02:39.:02:54.

the right in threes. Four threes. March.

:02:55.:03:06.

Guards will march past in slow and quick time. By the left, slow march.

:03:07.:03:20.

So the trooping phase is complete and the march past is about to

:03:21.:03:28.

begin. We start with a neutral slow march. It is not tied to any

:03:29.:03:34.

particular regiment and that march is Proud Heritage. It is another

:03:35.:03:40.

composition by Major Bruce Miller from the Irish Guards.

:03:41.:03:52.

MUSIC: "Proud Heritage" by Bruce Miller.

:03:53.:04:06.

Countless of hours of hard work on the Parade Ring bearing fruit.

:04:07.:04:18.

A great sea of scarlet tunics. Such a wonderful and uplifting sight.

:04:19.:04:26.

The 1st Battalion Irish Guards based in Hounslow and employed in state

:04:27.:04:30.

ceremonial public duties and support company, as Chris you were saying, a

:04:31.:04:34.

very important part of that effort? Hugely, Huw. Support company man the

:04:35.:04:41.

support weapons in the battalion and that come price the anti-tank

:04:42.:04:50.

rockets and the mortars. Each and every one of these men are heavily

:04:51.:04:58.

trained and fighting soldiers. And the discipline, the teamwork, the

:04:59.:05:02.

attention to detail that you can see today are also the foundations of

:05:03.:05:12.

second ses on combat operations. That makes them ceremonial soldiers

:05:13.:05:16.

and in combat operations. The Irish Guards have Trooped their

:05:17.:05:42.

Colour on 13 occasions. Nine of those have been for Her Majesty the

:05:43.:05:47.

Queen. The Escort is being led by Field

:05:48.:05:53.

Officer Lieutenant Colonel Palmer and the Major of the Parade as we

:05:54.:06:00.

see number two guard approaching. A special mention there for Major

:06:01.:06:07.

Charles Gair who was with Vince Hockley in Afghanistan. We saw Vince

:06:08.:06:13.

Hockley earlier and his remarkable recovery from his wounds. Major

:06:14.:06:19.

Charlie Gair was commanding the control in which Vince was shot.

:06:20.:06:36.

Charlie got the men to safety. The bearskins being worn tend to be

:06:37.:06:39.

passed from one generation until the next until recently we were told

:06:40.:06:43.

that one cold stream officer was still wearing one that was used in a

:06:44.:06:46.

battle in 1854. Soon the music will change to the

:06:47.:07:05.

Irish Guards Slow March. Field Officer Jonathan Palmer and

:07:06.:07:40.

the Major of the Parade is ready to lead the march past.

:07:41.:08:01.

The Queen acknowledges the Colour. The music has changed to the Irish

:08:02.:08:13.

Guards Slow March. It is called Let Erin Remember. The ensign lowers the

:08:14.:08:20.

Colour as he passes the saluting base.

:08:21.:08:44.

MUSIC: "Let Erin Remember". Raising the sclaurp once again ones the

:08:45.:08:52.

march past is complete. Looking on no doubt with a measure

:08:53.:09:15.

of pride is Prince William, the Duke of Cambridge, colonel of the Irish

:09:16.:09:17.

Guards since 2011. A change of music for the Grenadier

:09:18.:09:56.

Guards slow march. It is Handel's Scipio. No doubt one of those

:09:57.:10:04.

watching most keenly is the colonel of the Grenadier Guards, the Duke of

:10:05.:10:15.

Edinburgh. MUSIC: "Scipio" by Handel. The Scots

:10:16.:10:24.

Guards slow march, Garb Of Auld Gaul. The third member of the salute

:10:25.:10:31.

base, the Duke of Kent is colonel of the Scots Guards.

:10:32.:10:47.

The slow march of the Coldstream Guards from Mozart's Figaro.

:10:48.:10:57.

Their colonel is Sir James Bucknall. The Adjutant of the Parade Captain

:10:58.:11:23.

Max dao har of the Irish Guards is riding Conner today, Max Doohar. The

:11:24.:11:31.

music changes to the mutual slow march. This time the Royal Standard.

:11:32.:11:42.

Field Officer of the brigade is waiting, Lieutenant Colonel Jonathan

:11:43.:11:45.

Palmer will ride out to salute the Queen now that the slow march is

:11:46.:11:46.

complete. Yes, indeed, all eyes on Horse

:11:47.:12:18.

Guards Parade today and many thousands of friends and family are

:12:19.:12:22.

present, enjoying the sunshine, enjoying the music and enjoying the

:12:23.:12:25.

drill, the precision and the smartness of the parade.

:12:26.:12:34.

My colleague Sonali has been catching up with one of those proud

:12:35.:12:42.

relatives, Anita Ward, mother of Vince Hockley. I'm with Colour

:12:43.:12:46.

Sergeant's Vince Hockley's mother, Anita Ward. I know that you have

:12:47.:12:51.

been at the Queen's Birthday Parade when you were Lord Mayor of

:12:52.:12:54.

Birmingham. But it is the first time as a proud mum? It is. So very

:12:55.:12:58.

different from when I was here as Lord Mayor. A lot of pride from

:12:59.:13:02.

myself and from the whole family today. And earlier on in the

:13:03.:13:06.

programme we heard about Vince's injuries, to go from there to being

:13:07.:13:11.

here on parade today, just makes it all so extra special, doesn't it? It

:13:12.:13:16.

is, but it has been down to his own determination, his own will power

:13:17.:13:19.

and I have to say the support that he has had from those around him.

:13:20.:13:23.

Including your father who was in the Coldstream Guards and he will be

:13:24.:13:26.

watching from home today? He is and he will be bursting with pride as

:13:27.:13:30.

well. There has been a lot of rivalry over the years between the

:13:31.:13:35.

cold streamers, but dad will be in his element today. Well, enjoy the

:13:36.:13:39.

parade. It's such a proud day for the family. Thank you very much for

:13:40.:13:44.

talking to us. Thank you. Bursting with pride. Lovely to talk

:13:45.:13:53.

to Anita. We're preparing for the march past in quick time.

:13:54.:14:05.

A word about the pipers. We can see them moving from the rear to the

:14:06.:14:10.

front of the Massed Bands. 20 pipers, ten from the Irish Guards

:14:11.:14:14.

and ten from the Scots Guards. Such a lot of style and they add such a

:14:15.:14:17.

great quality to the music on the day. So a special mention for them.

:14:18.:14:22.

The guards have now reformed ready to march past in quick time. A new

:14:23.:14:29.

change of tempo led by the Senior Time Beater from the Scots Guards.

:14:30.:14:37.

The neutral quick march is Star Of Erin.

:14:38.:14:45.

It was composed by Major Gerry Horabin who wrote this for the

:14:46.:14:46.

Birthday Parade in 1974. Among the spectators is Boris

:14:47.:15:36.

Johnson, the brand secretary, with distinguished guests, and other

:15:37.:15:39.

visitors including Sir Michael Fallon, the Defence Secretary. We

:15:40.:15:43.

are told that the Prime Minister, Theresa May, is not at the parade

:15:44.:15:47.

this morning, as we prepare for the march past in quick time, and a real

:15:48.:15:55.

sense of energy and pace. Great as well, Chris, to mention all the

:15:56.:15:59.

family support that is so essential in regimental life. Indeed, the

:16:00.:16:03.

Irish Guards take great pride in being a family regiment and so many

:16:04.:16:06.

of the men on parade today well, like me, have a father, uncle all

:16:07.:16:11.

the relation in the regiment. For example, in the Escort alone is

:16:12.:16:16.

guardsmen Lee Mooney, whose father, grandfather and great-grandfather

:16:17.:16:18.

when the regiment and there are two sets up brothers, -- of brothers,

:16:19.:16:27.

and guardsmen Jacob Todd, one of the Colour Sentries, had fathered -- bug

:16:28.:16:33.

in the regiment, great to see so many Irish Guards families

:16:34.:16:34.

represented on parade and their families will be in the stands

:16:35.:16:36.

today, sharing the spectacle. The Irish Guards quick march, St

:16:37.:17:15.

Patrick's Day. A great surge in the music of the

:17:16.:18:19.

pipes, giving way to the Grenadier Guards' quick march, The British

:18:20.:18:29.

Grenadiers. Nijmegen Company, number four company had the honour of

:18:30.:18:33.

providing the Escort in 2014. The Scots Guards quick march, Hielan'

:18:34.:18:41.

Laddie, F Company, Scots Guards, an incremental company of Scots Guards

:18:42.:18:42.

based at Wellington Barracks. The Coldstream Guards' quick march,

:18:43.:18:58.

Milanollo, number six guard, followed by No 7 Company Coldstream

:18:59.:19:04.

Guards. -- formed by No 7 Company Coldstream Guards.

:19:05.:19:12.

Vizier next year for the Coldstream Guards probably because we expect

:19:13.:19:18.

they will be Trooping the Colour at the Birthday Parade in 2018.

:19:19.:19:34.

Be field officer riding out once again to salute the Queen with two

:19:35.:19:39.

movements of the sword. The Massed Bands play

:19:40.:19:41.

the neutral quick march, Mick's March arranged by MJ

:19:42.:19:43.

Henderson, former Director of Music Irish Guards, written for

:19:44.:19:45.

the Birthday Parade in 1996. As the Guards reform

:19:46.:19:48.

for the next stage of the parade, there's

:19:49.:19:50.

a moment's relief for the commanding officer Lieutenant

:19:51.:20:01.

Colonel Jonathan Palmer. It's such a great

:20:02.:20:03.

moment for him, his family And he's been sharing

:20:04.:20:05.

his views with us. It's lovely for me as the commanding

:20:06.:20:08.

officer to be doing something so visible in front of the blokes

:20:09.:20:11.

and to be doing something I can shout all I like,

:20:12.:20:14.

but if they don't react to the words of command,

:20:15.:20:17.

then it doesn't work. I think just being in front

:20:18.:20:20.

of the Queen, I think that'll be the lasting memory,

:20:21.:20:23.

because she's an amazing woman. I hope everyone who is on parade

:20:24.:20:26.

today will look back and, even when they're in their dotage,

:20:27.:20:28.

give it the old, I was there. Pull up a chair and

:20:29.:20:32.

listen to my story. Not a bad name to have, Chris? I

:20:33.:20:37.

think it's entirely reasonable and Jonathan Palmer will be feeling it

:20:38.:20:41.

100%. I've known him for over 20 years, we met when he first visited

:20:42.:20:44.

the battalion in Germany when he was thinking about joining the army and

:20:45.:20:47.

he is now highly experienced soldier who has done several tours of duty

:20:48.:20:51.

in Iraq and Afghanistan. He is a qualified military parachutist, a

:20:52.:20:57.

reflection of the Irish Guards link with the Parachute Regiment in the

:20:58.:20:59.

paratrooper doom, just three months into his time in command and he

:21:00.:21:01.

learn to write specially for the parade as we heard earlier. I think

:21:02.:21:07.

it is going well so far for him. -- he learned to ride especially for

:21:08.:21:08.

the parade. Guards, all! -- halt! Guards,

:21:09.:22:20.

shoulder arms. The Colour is now taken to the front

:22:21.:22:35.

of the Escort. Guards, in open order, left and

:22:36.:23:19.

right dress. Massed Bands, moved to the right. Right turn! By the left,

:23:20.:23:24.

quick march! The great site, the Footguards

:23:25.:23:37.

reforming, and soon it will be the turn of the mounted troops. -- the

:23:38.:23:42.

great sight, then mounted troops will cross the parade ground and

:23:43.:23:47.

pass the salute. Very hot weather here in central London today,

:23:48.:23:52.

presenting a challenge, of course, not just to the men and women taking

:23:53.:23:58.

part in this parade but for the horses as well.

:23:59.:24:09.

The Massed Bands and drums moving to the south side of the parade ground

:24:10.:24:15.

to make space for the Mounted Bands. The band of the Household Cavalry

:24:16.:24:52.

moving on to Horse Guards, led by the assistant Director of Music,

:24:53.:24:55.

Captain James Marshall of the Blues and Royals. This is the 20th year

:24:56.:25:05.

that the King's troop, Royal Horse Artillery have been on parade and

:25:06.:25:09.

they join the event at Horse Guards at the request of the Royal family,

:25:10.:25:11.

first taking part in 1998. The King's troop, be saluting

:25:12.:25:29.

battery of the household troops, essentially, formed back in 1946 at

:25:30.:25:34.

the instigation of King George VI, to revive the firing of royal

:25:35.:25:37.

salutes on anniversaries and state occasions. Last Saturday, indeed,

:25:38.:25:44.

they fired a Royal Salute to mark the Duke of Edinburgh's 96th

:25:45.:25:45.

birthday. The great sight of the Drum Horses,

:25:46.:26:10.

Damas and mercury, and the are very heavy, given to the lifeguards by

:26:11.:26:14.

William IV in 1831, weighing around 45 kilograms each.

:26:15.:26:38.

The King's troop commanded by Major Jim Luck, on his first Birthday

:26:39.:26:43.

Parade, taking command last autumn. He has been deployed to Afghanistan

:26:44.:26:45.

on three occasions. Her Majesty will be acknowledging,

:26:46.:27:13.

in this instance, the lead gun, prominently on display, in effect

:27:14.:27:20.

the Colour of the troop, so the 13 pounder quickfire guns have that

:27:21.:27:23.

status. The entered service in 1904 and all six on parade today were

:27:24.:27:31.

used in the First World War. It has taken 12 hours of work to prepare

:27:32.:27:35.

the guns to be in the prime condition they are in for the

:27:36.:27:41.

parade. The King's troop has kept the title of King's troop on the

:27:42.:27:46.

orders of Her Majesty the Queen in memory of her late father, George

:27:47.:27:51.

VI, who chose the original name, King's troop, 70 years ago.

:27:52.:28:06.

The Field Officer of the Sovereign's Escort, Major James Harbord, as

:28:07.:28:15.

field officer, commanding the Household Cavalry troops on parade,

:28:16.:28:19.

having been on parade two years ago as an escort commander. The

:28:20.:28:24.

standard-bearer is Squadron Corporal Major Daniel Sentance, watched by

:28:25.:28:28.

his wife, Lucy, and his parent in the stands. He is riding Kimberley,

:28:29.:28:36.

a word about him? Not the first time he has worked with the Irish Guards.

:28:37.:28:40.

When I was commanding the Irish Guards in Afghanistan in 2010 and

:28:41.:28:43.

2011, we worked very closely with the Household Cavalry Squadron and I

:28:44.:28:48.

remember Daniel Sentance in it. It is great to see him working with the

:28:49.:28:51.

Irish Guards again and a further emphasis on the dual roles,

:28:52.:28:54.

ceremonial and operational, across the whole Household Division. Here

:28:55.:29:00.

come the Blues and Royals, the Household Cavalry consisting of two

:29:01.:29:03.

regiment, the lifeguards and the Blues and Royals, the senior

:29:04.:29:08.

regiment of the British Army. -- the life guards. And the farriers, with

:29:09.:29:15.

their glinting axis, who in times gone by would dispatch horses

:29:16.:29:16.

injured in battle. The music is The Royals, arranged by

:29:17.:29:38.

Major Ted Jeanes. The field officer's trumpeter is Joe

:29:39.:30:07.

Gregg of the lifeguards from his first Birthday Parade, from Orkney,

:30:08.:30:11.

did not set out to be a trumpeter Don he tells us but says it is a

:30:12.:30:15.

great honour to be part of an important occasion like this. And

:30:16.:30:19.

the trumpeter's course is a grey so it is very visible on the

:30:20.:30:24.

battlefield. -- trumpeter's horse is a grave. -- grey. A dramatic surge

:30:25.:30:35.

of speed and pace and energy. This is the trot past. The King's Troop

:30:36.:30:44.

were recently deployed to central London to support the police in key

:30:45.:30:46.

locations including Downing Street as part of operation tempora, a good

:30:47.:30:51.

moment for us to pay tribute to all members of the Armed Forces and all

:30:52.:30:59.

members of the services who have shown exceptional dedication in

:31:00.:31:02.

recent months, faced with harrowing circumstances. -- Operation

:31:03.:31:05.

Temperer. Major Jim Luck is riding Galaxy

:31:06.:31:29.

today. Each of the guns, followed by six horses. Kicking up a lot of dust

:31:30.:31:36.

on this very dry parade ground today. At the rear we have the

:31:37.:31:47.

masters of the troop and the first ever female ever master Taylor in

:31:48.:32:00.

the British Army, Sergeant Emma Colton.

:32:01.:32:06.

The turn of the Life Guards to trot past her imagine stead. Majesty.

:32:07.:32:17.

Carrying 43 Battle Honours including Passchendaele and that battle will

:32:18.:32:22.

be commemorated in special events at the end of July in Belgium.

:32:23.:33:01.

Led by Captain James Marshall. The band of the Household Cavalry

:33:02.:33:08.

presents its own birthday tribute. Kettle drummers, riding the Drum

:33:09.:33:12.

Horses, crossing their sticks in their special form of salute for the

:33:13.:33:20.

Queen. Musicians look magnificent wearing the state coat which signals

:33:21.:33:23.

that they are members of the Royal Household, crimson very well set and

:33:24.:33:31.

gold braid and lace. It has been unchanged pretty much since 1685.

:33:32.:33:52.

The band of the Household Cavalry moving to the other end of the

:33:53.:33:58.

parade ground, near the old admiralty building where the

:33:59.:34:01.

assistant Director of Music will come to a halt and turn inwards

:34:02.:34:06.

slightly and that's the signal that he's handing back control to the

:34:07.:34:11.

Field Officer, ready for that final Birthday Salute to the Queen in this

:34:12.:34:18.

Birthday Parade. Guards, in close order, left and

:34:19.:36:12.

right dress. The guards taking up their dressing. This time all the

:36:13.:36:14.

guards in one very long line. This again is the result of very

:36:15.:36:31.

disciplined work on the parade ground which we saw earlier at

:36:32.:36:34.

Pirbright. Guards, form three lines.

:36:35.:37:24.

Guards will retire, about turn. At the halt, by divisions, right form,

:37:25.:37:35.

quick march. As the guards reform into six

:37:36.:37:42.

divisions ready to march off, the music played is the Adjutant by scam

:37:43.:37:50.

major Tom Birkett. They are closing up to reduce the length of the

:37:51.:37:54.

procession which will take place imminently along the Mall.

:37:55.:38:08.

Guards on the He is sort, form close column. Remainder, by the left,

:38:09.:38:30.

quick march. So as the drums play Prussia's

:38:31.:38:37.

German Chancellor, the guards close up and the pace stick being returned

:38:38.:38:45.

now to the regimental Sergeant Major Danny Hinton by Guardsman Rainey.

:38:46.:39:20.

The left guide of the Escort, Colour Sergeant Darren Laurimore.

:39:21.:39:44.

And making their way to the Approach Road as we come to the end of the

:39:45.:39:52.

parade, garrison Sergeant Major Andrew Stokes of the Coldstream

:39:53.:39:56.

Guards accompanied by Drum Major Steve State. This is Andrew Stokes'

:39:57.:40:03.

second Birthday Parade. He joined the Army in 1988 he served in the

:40:04.:40:07.

Balkans and Iraq and Afghanistan. He is in charge of the arrangements for

:40:08.:40:10.

this parade on Horse Guards and there is a lot of responsibility on

:40:11.:40:14.

those very broad shoulders. The Field Officer prepares to ask

:40:15.:40:41.

Her Majesty's permission to march off to conclude this parade.

:40:42.:41:06.

Your Majesty's guards are ready to march off, Ma'am.

:41:07.:41:25.

So another Birthday Parade concluded in the Queen's 91st year, the 61st

:41:26.:41:33.

year of the Queen's reign and the formal part of the celebration, if

:41:34.:41:37.

you like, is over, but believe me, there is plenty of colour and

:41:38.:41:49.

pageantry and rousing music to come. There will be the march along the

:41:50.:41:55.

Mall. All the guards accompanied by Her Majesty and the Duke of

:41:56.:42:03.

Edinburgh and then there will be the fly-past at around one o'clock by

:42:04.:42:07.

the Royal Air Force. 29 aircraft. It's going to be pretty spectacular.

:42:08.:42:14.

Some of those Royal guests were watching in the Horse Guards

:42:15.:42:17.

building. They have already left and they are making their way back to

:42:18.:42:22.

the palace ready for that appearance on the balcony. Prince Harry with

:42:23.:42:28.

the Duchess of Cornwall and the Duchess of Cambridge. Extreme heat

:42:29.:42:35.

on Horse Guards today and that's clearly affected one or two of the

:42:36.:42:39.

members taking part. It is perfectly understandable. The Queen's carriage

:42:40.:42:45.

is now back at the saluting base ready for the journey back with her

:42:46.:42:50.

troops. With the troops of the Household Division. Her personal

:42:51.:43:02.

troops. Back to the area beyond St James' Park and down to the Queen

:43:03.:43:07.

Victoria Memorial and Buckingham Palace, it's a wonderful familiar

:43:08.:43:11.

journey. There will be thousands of people there to greet Her Majesty

:43:12.:43:13.

and the Duke when they arrive. It has been a very busy few days for

:43:14.:43:40.

members of the Royal Family. Yesterday, Her Majesty, was in West

:43:41.:43:45.

London visiting local people thereafter the dreadful events of

:43:46.:44:01.

recent days. That's very much been on Her Majesty's mind given the

:44:02.:44:06.

statement she released today. She said in the statement it is a day of

:44:07.:44:12.

celebration, but a sombre mood marking national events and she very

:44:13.:44:13.

much wanted to make that plain. The bands having saved some of the

:44:14.:44:33.

very best tunes for the end of the parade as the bands always do!

:44:34.:44:37.

Because this is a great moment to show case some of their best music

:44:38.:44:44.

as the parade is over and they've got a few minutes to perform for us

:44:45.:44:49.

as we watch the procession going back to Buckingham Palace.

:44:50.:44:56.

I should say as well Chris, that for the Field Officer, who, of course,

:44:57.:44:59.

has been in charge of this parade, it is quite a responsibility. This

:45:00.:45:05.

is also the moment where you may or may not get some direct Feed Back

:45:06.:45:09.

from the Queen either on the procession or when they get back to

:45:10.:45:13.

the palace? Huw, I think he will. The hard work and the training has

:45:14.:45:18.

paid off and he and all the Guardsmen should congratulate

:45:19.:45:21.

themselves on a job really done. High standards of drill. Excellent

:45:22.:45:25.

teamwork, concentration, physical stamina, they've all combined to

:45:26.:45:28.

give us a really first class performance and I think all Irish

:45:29.:45:32.

Guards men, past and present, will want to join with me in

:45:33.:45:35.

congratulating the Escort and the other guards on a job really well

:45:36.:45:39.

done. As you said, Her Majesty the Queen is the Colonel-In-Chief will

:45:40.:45:43.

have a view and Jonathan Palmer can expect to be thoroughly debriefed

:45:44.:45:46.

back at Palace, but having watched the parade, I don't think he has got

:45:47.:45:48.

anything to be worried about there. I mentioned the heat and I think it

:45:49.:45:57.

is worth saying something about it because it is not surprising that

:45:58.:46:02.

the intense heat as affected one or two people but it has not impaired

:46:03.:46:06.

the quality of the parade. Absolutely not and it's a testament

:46:07.:46:09.

to all the troops on parade that they have delivered an absolutely

:46:10.:46:12.

first-class performance despite some really challenging conditions.

:46:13.:46:26.

We are staying on air on BBC One to see the procession back to the

:46:27.:46:33.

Palace and to see the birthday bypassed by the Royal Air Force,

:46:34.:46:37.

which the Queen and members of the Royal family will enjoy from the

:46:38.:46:40.

famous balcony at Buckingham Palace and there will be thousands there to

:46:41.:46:47.

enjoy the bypassed. -- the fly past. The tradition of the Monica leading

:46:48.:46:50.

the guards back to Buckingham Palace was established by George V in 1914,

:46:51.:46:58.

just over a century ago. At that time, the parade had become so

:46:59.:47:03.

popular, it was decided they needed to provide an even more impressive

:47:04.:47:06.

experience for the thousands of spectators. It is no less popular

:47:07.:47:08.

today. The Senior Drum Major and colleagues

:47:09.:47:26.

leading the way with the Massed Bands, who have performed

:47:27.:47:30.

magnificently today, we were speaking to Scott Fitzgerald during

:47:31.:47:33.

the week and he was looking forward to this, his final parade and during

:47:34.:47:40.

the Queen's 65 years on the throne, the Armed Forces have been through a

:47:41.:47:44.

great deal of change but the participants in the Birthday Parade

:47:45.:47:49.

have remained remarkably constant, the five Regiment of Footguards and

:47:50.:47:53.

the two regiments of the Household Cavalry, who make up the Household

:47:54.:47:56.

Division, plus the horse-drawn guns of the King's Troop, Royal Horse

:47:57.:48:05.

Artillery. I love the Vista looking down the Mall towards Buckingham

:48:06.:48:09.

Palace, the grand ceremonial route designed by Sir Aston Webb in the

:48:10.:48:12.

early 20th century, so familiar to the Queen and the Royal family,

:48:13.:48:18.

which has featured for every great event of her reign, and before that,

:48:19.:48:22.

this is where she travelled to her wedding in 1947, November, vast

:48:23.:48:27.

crowds there of course, and for other royal weddings in the decade

:48:28.:48:31.

that followed, and also a feature of more sombre occasions, such as her

:48:32.:48:36.

father's funeral in 1952, and her mother's funeral, in 2002. A word

:48:37.:48:43.

about the street line is because they perform such a valuable

:48:44.:48:49.

function, 12 officers, 220 men from the 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards

:48:50.:48:51.

lining the processional route from Buckingham Palace to Horse Guards,

:48:52.:48:56.

commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James Thurstan who was the field

:48:57.:48:59.

officer at the parade last year and Chris, there is a danger sometimes

:49:00.:49:03.

to maybe overlook the street liners because what is going on an Horse

:49:04.:49:07.

Guards Parade but it is very important to underline what they do.

:49:08.:49:12.

Absolutely, they play a fundamental role in the parade, formed from the

:49:13.:49:16.

1st Battalion Coldstream Guards today, providing spectacle and

:49:17.:49:18.

Colour back along the Mall and it will be an important moment for them

:49:19.:49:21.

as the Queen and Royal procession pass them on their way back up to

:49:22.:49:26.

Buckingham Palace. We mention that the Welsh Guards, for example, today

:49:27.:49:30.

represented by Kevin Roberts and some of the musicians in the band.

:49:31.:49:34.

It is important for us to recognise who is not here today. Indeed, three

:49:35.:49:42.

battalions not represented, 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards, 1st

:49:43.:49:44.

Battalion Scots Guards and 1st Battalion Welsh Guards who are busy

:49:45.:49:47.

preparing for operational duty, as part of the UK's high readiness

:49:48.:49:50.

forces and they are likely to deploy in the next year to furnish the UK's

:49:51.:49:54.

enduring commitments in the Middle East and Afghanistan, so exciting

:49:55.:49:58.

and important work that they are engaged in at the moment. As we

:49:59.:50:02.

enjoy these images and we see the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh

:50:03.:50:05.

enjoying them, and the crowds and the sights and sounds of the music,

:50:06.:50:09.

a word about the Regimental Adjutant 's as well because we sometimes

:50:10.:50:12.

don't get a good look at them but there are six of them and I am just

:50:13.:50:16.

wondering, could you tell us a bit about them, and especially Colonel

:50:17.:50:24.

Timothy Purdon, in his last parade today. They ride at the rear of the

:50:25.:50:30.

procession and they are retired officers of the division who run the

:50:31.:50:34.

parts of the regiment outside the service battalions and I suppose

:50:35.:50:38.

they are a reflection of the back service in the Household Division as

:50:39.:50:40.

lifelong connections and they undertake some really important work

:50:41.:50:44.

with veterans and you are right to mention the Irish Guards Regimental

:50:45.:50:49.

Adjutant, Timothy Purdon, retiring this year after over 45 years

:50:50.:50:53.

service to the regiment and an important family connection carried

:50:54.:50:57.

on, his son James served with me in Afghanistan in 2010.

:50:58.:51:03.

The Royal Standard fluttering above Buckingham Palace and the Queen

:51:04.:51:14.

Victoria Memorial and we can see the progress of the troops and the

:51:15.:51:16.

Massed Bands and the Household Cavalry as they make their way back

:51:17.:51:19.

to Buckingham Palace and as we look forward to the events leading to the

:51:20.:51:23.

balcony appearance and the birthday fly past, I'm delighted once again

:51:24.:51:27.

to welcome to the commentary box the journalist, author, commentator

:51:28.:51:31.

Robert Hardman, who writes for the Daily Mail. Welcome, Robert. Thank

:51:32.:51:38.

you. Thoughts on today's parade, whether Queen clearly wanted to

:51:39.:51:42.

combine a sombre message, insisting on the minute's silence, combining

:51:43.:51:46.

that with of course I parade which is all about celebration. The

:51:47.:51:52.

monarchy stands for many things, of course, continuity, keeping calm and

:51:53.:51:55.

carrying on but at the same time, representing the nation to itself in

:51:56.:52:00.

times of both triumph and tragedy and I really think we have seen that

:52:01.:52:05.

very clearly today. Let's also remember today is the nearest we

:52:06.:52:09.

have Tuwai United Kingdom national Day, the Queen is very conscious of

:52:10.:52:14.

that, in British embassies, high commissions and communities all over

:52:15.:52:19.

the world, today is the day for putting out the flags. France may

:52:20.:52:22.

have bastille Day and the Americans may have died the fourth but for the

:52:23.:52:27.

British around the world, it is the Queen's birthday and that is why it

:52:28.:52:32.

matters in so many other ways. The tone of the method earlier today,

:52:33.:52:35.

Robert, really was in keeping with the kind of tone set by the Queen

:52:36.:52:40.

and the Duke of Cambridge when they visited West London yesterday. Yes,

:52:41.:52:46.

I was there at the Westway Centre in Kensington yesterday. It was

:52:47.:52:51.

abundantly clear what the presence of the Queen and the Duke of

:52:52.:52:54.

Cambridge meant to the entire community. It is sometimes thought

:52:55.:52:58.

that perhaps monarchy is governed by rigid protocol and doing things by

:52:59.:53:02.

the book but as we have seen in recent weeks, the Queen has been

:53:03.:53:06.

very quick to adapt and reflect what people are thinking and feeling and

:53:07.:53:11.

at the same time, she was there yesterday, the Prince of Wales was

:53:12.:53:15.

holding an investiture at Buckingham Palace and he also paused for a

:53:16.:53:19.

minute's silence while he was doing that. We have seen time and again,

:53:20.:53:25.

these moments, monarchy is about being there during the highs and

:53:26.:53:30.

lows. We have also seen, as we look at the progress down the Mall, and

:53:31.:53:34.

it is a great site, with the greenery St James Park and Green

:53:35.:53:39.

Park to the left, leading up to Piccadilly, we can see the

:53:40.:53:41.

sovereign's procession is almost back at the point where the gates

:53:42.:53:46.

and the carriage gates of Buckingham Palace open before us but a thought

:53:47.:53:50.

about the busyness of the Royal timetable and the fact that the

:53:51.:53:54.

timetable has had to be adjusted quite considerably for some very big

:53:55.:53:59.

events. Yes, next week, we were expecting the State Opening of

:54:00.:54:02.

Parliament on Monday which has now moved to Wednesday. The Queen has

:54:03.:54:07.

now rewritten the diary twice for next week, the Order of the Garter,

:54:08.:54:11.

the oldest order of chivalry, always meet on the Monday after this event

:54:12.:54:16.

but that was cancelled because of the State opening and we have got a

:54:17.:54:19.

state visit coming up very shortly from the King of Spain, which will

:54:20.:54:24.

bring all of the Royal household and the different components together

:54:25.:54:27.

for that so the Queen has got a full week of events up in Scotland at

:54:28.:54:31.

Holyrood House as well. These are all very important parts of the

:54:32.:54:34.

calendar and at the same time, as we have seen, she is changing the diary

:54:35.:54:41.

all the time. And at the same time, this week, you know, I was at a very

:54:42.:54:45.

touching ceremony in the East End of London on Thursday where the Queen

:54:46.:54:49.

and the Duke were there to mark the centenary of the first day like air

:54:50.:54:54.

raid on London in 1917, when a bomb dropped on a primary school, killing

:54:55.:54:58.

18 children. A very moving service, and then a trip to the school as it

:54:59.:55:03.

stands today, a remarkable school in Tower Hamlets. Once again, a day of

:55:04.:55:06.

very powerful, contrasting scenes. And you mentioned earlier, of

:55:07.:55:37.

course, that this is the Queen's 65th Birthday Parade, a record, in

:55:38.:55:42.

the Sapphire Jubilee year, another record. But as we see the Queen and

:55:43.:55:47.

the Duke of Edinburgh coming down the Mall, it is worth reflecting,

:55:48.:55:51.

these two really have rewritten the Royal record books in so many ways,

:55:52.:55:56.

our longest lived, longest reigning monarch but I think perhaps it is

:55:57.:56:02.

worth remembering the great upcoming landmark the Queen is perhaps

:56:03.:56:05.

looking forward to most in November when she will mark, with the Duke,

:56:06.:56:11.

the first ever Royal Platinum wedding anniversary. The Duke is not

:56:12.:56:14.

in uniform for the first time at this parade, Robert, he is, of

:56:15.:56:20.

course, Colonel of the Grenadier Guards and people will reflect

:56:21.:56:22.

today, as we see the Queen with the Duke at her side, as he always is,

:56:23.:56:27.

but from the autumn, his commitment will change considerably. Yes, he is

:56:28.:56:31.

announced he is going to scale back his engagements. He is still

:56:32.:56:36.

attached to some 780 organisations around the world. He is a very

:56:37.:56:43.

practical man. He is thinking about how to handle the batons but at the

:56:44.:56:47.

same time, we have been told he will still turn up at certain events and

:56:48.:56:51.

I think the way this has been announced is quite clever, it means

:56:52.:56:55.

there is no obligation on him to attend certain things, we don't have

:56:56.:56:58.

do expect him here and there and we don't have to worry when he is not

:56:59.:57:01.

at certain things but I think when the big events come up, looking

:57:02.:57:04.

ahead to things like the Spanish state visit and the possible state

:57:05.:57:08.

visit by President Trump, and next year, a huge Commonwealth summit, I

:57:09.:57:12.

think we can certainly expect to see him at the Queen's side for the big

:57:13.:57:17.

occasions. And your thoughts about the way the Royal family has managed

:57:18.:57:20.

to reshape, I suppose, the engagement and involvement of the

:57:21.:57:23.

younger royals over the last few years, but we are now really seeing

:57:24.:57:27.

it in great evidence? Yes, we are, the sense of what some people call

:57:28.:57:36.

Team wins, in a gentle, understated way, no big, headline replacements,

:57:37.:57:39.

but here and there, members of the Royal family, other members,

:57:40.:57:44.

representing the Queen. First and foremost, what they all do in

:57:45.:57:47.

addition to their own personal interests, their primary role is to

:57:48.:57:50.

support and represent the Queen and we are seeing that time and again,

:57:51.:57:55.

whether it is at an investiture, visiting overseas all day-to-day

:57:56.:57:59.

events around the country. It is pretty hard work, I imagine,

:58:00.:58:10.

marching and playing and contending with the heat but it is certainly

:58:11.:58:16.

not undermining the performance. The music is as rousing unspectacular as

:58:17.:58:21.

ever. The Queen and Duke are clearly enjoying it. -- as rousing and

:58:22.:58:26.

spectacular as ever. They are surveying the scene on this great

:58:27.:58:34.

day of the Birthday Parade. The Duke of Edinburgh, of course, the Colonel

:58:35.:58:37.

of the Grenadier Guards and he visited the barracks to present the

:58:38.:58:41.

Manchester Trophy at the annual intercompany football match a few

:58:42.:58:45.

months ago, still very devoted to the regiment. And not forgetting of

:58:46.:58:50.

course, just a few years ago, the Queen presented the Duke with the

:58:51.:58:54.

title and office of Lord high Admiral of the Navy to mark his 90th

:58:55.:58:56.

birthday. So, lots of members of the Royal

:58:57.:59:12.

family on the balcony, greeting Her Majesty and the Duke as they return

:59:13.:59:16.

home to Buckingham Palace. Prince Harry, there, and the Earl of

:59:17.:59:23.

Wessex, the Duke of York, the Duchess of Cornwall, just

:59:24.:59:26.

acknowledging some of the waves below. And very soon, we will have

:59:27.:59:36.

the Queen and the Duke appearing, too, on the balcony, ready for the

:59:37.:59:43.

RAF fly past. And we can see the Duchess of Cornwall and the Duchess

:59:44.:59:47.

of Cambridge, and imported birthday year for the Duchess of Cornwall,

:59:48.:59:50.

who will be 70 next month and is looking forward to a party with all

:59:51.:59:54.

her charities. Some younger ones on the balcony, Robert but are we

:59:55.:00:00.

expecting to see some more? It would be nice, wouldn't it? Princess

:00:01.:00:04.

Charlotte made her debut last year, and the Duchess of Cambridge is up

:00:05.:00:08.

there as well. Prince George may be in the background. Let's wait and

:00:09.:00:15.

see what emerges. We will see. We don't have long to wait, and very

:00:16.:00:19.

soon, thousands of spectators will have reached beyond the confines of

:00:20.:00:23.

Saint James 's part, they will be going right down towards Buckingham

:00:24.:00:26.

Palace and here on Horse Guards, I can tell you a huge crowd is making

:00:27.:00:29.

its way down towards the Palace, so all of the gardens, the Queen's

:00:30.:00:35.

Gardens, Canada Gate of the left, and on the right, Saint James' Park

:00:36.:00:38.

ahead of you, which has been one of the Royal Parks for many centuries,

:00:39.:00:43.

and at one point, even had a zoo and a menagerie but not these days. It

:00:44.:00:47.

is one of the nicest parks in London to spend a few hours in, especially

:00:48.:00:48.

on a day like this. So lots of people enjoying the

:00:49.:01:01.

atmosphere and Sonali is joined by Major Colonel Richards to talk to

:01:02.:01:07.

him about today's events. Richard, your role is to make sure

:01:08.:01:10.

that everyone's riding is up to scratch and also the horses, that

:01:11.:01:13.

includes them too. Were you pleased with what you have seen today? Yes,

:01:14.:01:18.

very pleased. The horses with the temperature as it was, they behaved

:01:19.:01:22.

themselves well and the guys rode really well as well. Yes, part of

:01:23.:01:26.

your role is to make sure they don't get spooked by the noise, the bands,

:01:27.:01:31.

the crowds here? Yeah, we do a lot of conditioning training towards

:01:32.:01:35.

that. We have the luxury of Hyde Park. We have got our own Mounted

:01:36.:01:39.

Bands and we can do a lot of that work as well. How tough will the

:01:40.:01:43.

heat have been on everyone out there on parade? The guys will certainly

:01:44.:01:48.

have felt it. As soon as you put this uniform on, you start to heat

:01:49.:01:52.

up and the temperature is about 27 Celsius today. They will have

:01:53.:01:54.

certainly been feeling it out there today. Do you think you can relax

:01:55.:01:59.

now? Once they're off and they're back at camp, then I will relax and

:02:00.:02:03.

every horse that we've got on the parade, once we know they are all

:02:04.:02:06.

back in and we will check them when they are back and make sure they are

:02:07.:02:10.

safe and sound and ready for the next parade. It really has been a

:02:11.:02:16.

wonderful day, the atmosphere and the crowds and everyone has been

:02:17.:02:20.

enjoying it? It has been amazing just having the numbers on the

:02:21.:02:25.

streets and the environment of Horse Guards Parade is just fantastic when

:02:26.:02:29.

you're in there and it's full. Richard, I'm glad you can relax

:02:30.:02:33.

soon, not just yet, but soon. Thank you. Sonali with just one of those

:02:34.:02:42.

playing an important part in today's parade.

:02:43.:02:49.

They prepare to change the guard in the fore court of Buckingham Palace.

:02:50.:03:01.

As we enjoy this sight, Chris, why don't you explain to us what's going

:03:02.:03:05.

on here and relate that to some of those who have been working hard in

:03:06.:03:09.

the parade. Well, Huw, not many people know that when the Escort get

:03:10.:03:12.

back to Buckingham Palace, the parade may have ended for a lot of

:03:13.:03:18.

people, but for them, they go on to conduct the normal Changing of the

:03:19.:03:22.

Guard. When we got to this point in 1996, we were tired, but we were

:03:23.:03:27.

determined to conduct a flawless Changing of the Guard. The people on

:03:28.:03:30.

the right-hand side of the screen will be expecting it, but this is

:03:31.:03:33.

where individual physical fitness comes in, it is a physically

:03:34.:03:38.

demanding task and the training will have prepared them for this, so

:03:39.:03:41.

there is no loss in performance despite the very hot temperatures.

:03:42.:03:46.

How long will they be on daout yu and maintaining this duty for now?

:03:47.:03:50.

The Guardsmen will have a one or two hour duty on top of having completed

:03:51.:03:56.

the Queen's Birthday Parade. So a pretty significant task for them. So

:03:57.:04:05.

just thinking about the men who are now confronted with a little more

:04:06.:04:09.

duty as I say, in the glorious sunshine. Horse Guards Parade,

:04:10.:04:15.

playing host to today's spectacular event, but Buckingham Palace right

:04:16.:04:19.

at the centre of events as the parade is concluded.

:04:20.:04:32.

So as the Changing of the Guard is completed, just a thought about

:04:33.:04:40.

others working less prominently, but still performing very important

:04:41.:04:44.

tasks because in the weeks leading up to the event, the team has been

:04:45.:04:49.

out behind the scenes getting the Royal Parks ready and they look

:04:50.:04:53.

fantastic. So what makes them look fantastic? What gets them to that

:04:54.:04:58.

standard? Let's look at some of those working behind the scenes.

:04:59.:05:03.

I'm Lucy and I run the gardening, well, horticulture team

:05:04.:05:06.

This is effectively the Queen's front garden.

:05:07.:05:12.

It is probably the busiest park in the world and we

:05:13.:05:14.

It's an early start for us on the morning

:05:15.:05:20.

We are all out at least by six o'clock in the morning, making sure

:05:21.:05:25.

The Mall has never been swept so many times as the day

:05:26.:05:30.

Probably what we don't know about putting flags up and taking

:05:31.:05:36.

We're here cleaning the Guards Memorial today,

:05:37.:05:40.

just making sure that it's all nice and clean and ready for the general

:05:41.:05:44.

public and for the Queen to come past.

:05:45.:05:48.

They are life-size statues of real Guardsmen from the Coldstream,

:05:49.:05:50.

We give it a cold wash down first and then we start

:05:51.:06:00.

applying a bronzing agent to the patina just to make

:06:01.:06:02.

sure it comes up nice and clean and keeps its colour.

:06:03.:06:05.

Today, they're planting a mixture of four foot,

:06:06.:06:10.

three foot and two foot geraniums, so about 22,000 plants altogether.

:06:11.:06:15.

I'll be here on the Friday double-checking everything

:06:16.:06:18.

is looking good, replacing anything that needs doing the day before.

:06:19.:06:21.

I've been known to watch the Trooping the Colour on TV,

:06:22.:06:24.

and especially when the Red Arrows fly over and you see these

:06:25.:06:27.

flowerbeds, I can see that they're up to standard.

:06:28.:06:31.

The police will shut the road for us and then we'll get the word

:06:32.:06:41.

I'll bring the lorries in, they'll start to remove

:06:42.:06:45.

the traffic lights, i.e., lifting the manholes up,

:06:46.:06:47.

unplugging all the electrics, straps round the traffic lights,

:06:48.:06:50.

they'll be pulled out of the ground, cover plates will be

:06:51.:06:53.

put in over the holes, then I'll come along

:06:54.:06:56.

They'll be removed and once that's all clear, so basically

:06:57.:07:02.

you will have a crystal clear view of

:07:03.:07:04.

the whole of the Mall, right from Admiralty Arch,

:07:05.:07:07.

All you'll see is the Union Jack flags and then

:07:08.:07:10.

I still have butterflies the night before.

:07:11.:07:15.

You know, you always think, what if there's a thunderstorm?

:07:16.:07:17.

And we could have 50,000 people easily on the Mall and in front

:07:18.:07:25.

I would like Her Majesty to think it is fit for a queen.

:07:26.:07:32.

I've been involved in flying flags for 18 years approximately,

:07:33.:07:36.

So near enough every day is different.

:07:37.:07:40.

It all comes with its stresses and strains

:07:41.:07:41.

For the Queen's Birthday Parade, there's 208 flags that are flown

:07:42.:07:51.

The flags are already prepacked, so when the lads take

:07:52.:07:55.

them up to the flagpole, they're all in the right order

:07:56.:07:58.

The art of hanging a flag is firstly to get it the right way up.

:07:59.:08:04.

So if you're looking at any of the flags in the background,

:08:05.:08:07.

you can see that broad white is out on the leading edge.

:08:08.:08:11.

On top of each of the flagpoles, there is a crown.

:08:12.:08:14.

The Crown is obviously put on the flagpole

:08:15.:08:16.

This morning, we've been working on the Mall,

:08:17.:08:21.

flying the flags that you can see, which is the 50 Union Flags,

:08:22.:08:25.

and from there, we moved on to Admiralty Arch,

:08:26.:08:28.

The buzz you get out of this job is seeing all the flags out.

:08:29.:08:42.

I don't think Her Majesty ever probably thinks who have

:08:43.:08:44.

actually put the flags up, but I'd like to think that she looks

:08:45.:08:48.

and admires them and, you know, is very proud to see all the flags

:08:49.:08:51.

when she's processing to Horse Guards.

:08:52.:08:56.

When members of the public talk to us, they're surprised

:08:57.:08:58.

Not so much the Queen's Guards and everyone else,

:08:59.:09:03.

it's the people around that are unseen.

:09:04.:09:05.

The work that goes on, the preparation that goes

:09:06.:09:07.

on for weeks and weeks, just for this one day.

:09:08.:09:10.

Although I've seen it 20 times before, it really

:09:11.:09:14.

What a lovely insight that was into all the work that goes on. Chris,

:09:15.:09:32.

I'm pleased we were able to draw attention to the fact that people

:09:33.:09:36.

are working for hours and hours before the parade gets under way,

:09:37.:09:40.

but for weeks before it starts? Absolutely Huw, having marched

:09:41.:09:44.

countless times through the Queen's Gardens, we are conscious of the

:09:45.:09:47.

enormous amount of hard work that goes on to make such a spectacular

:09:48.:09:52.

setting and I think it's appreciated by everybody. What fantastic work

:09:53.:09:56.

they do. The Queen's garden is looking splendid. All the hard work

:09:57.:09:59.

has paid off. Congratulations to everyone involved. We can see the

:10:00.:10:03.

threat throng of people being guided down slowly along the Mall. Very

:10:04.:10:09.

soon they will fill the entire space coming right down to the Queen

:10:10.:10:12.

Victoria Memorial for that fly-past in 20 minutes. 29 aircraft from the

:10:13.:10:20.

Royal Air Force are all ready to fly over the Palace with the Red Arrows

:10:21.:10:23.

to conclude the fly-past. It will be majestic and impressive and everyone

:10:24.:10:28.

is looking forward to that. I'd like to join Sonali who is with Mark,

:10:29.:10:33.

whose team has been working so hard in the Royal Parks. Let's join them.

:10:34.:10:39.

Mark is full of pride because as you touched on there, Huw, his gardens

:10:40.:10:45.

are looking absolutely splendid. What have you made of today? Any

:10:46.:10:50.

last minute hiccups for this prorning and with preparations? No

:10:51.:10:53.

real hiccups. The heat that they forecast today made us get up really

:10:54.:10:57.

early this morning and we were watering down the dust of Horse

:10:58.:11:00.

Guards Parade ground from 5am which is much earlier, but look at the

:11:01.:11:06.

people who are here and are enjoying it. It was great to see the level of

:11:07.:11:11.

detail that you have to go through weeks, months in advance, but even

:11:12.:11:15.

as simple as taking out the traffic lights, do you think all the

:11:16.:11:17.

thousands of people here think about those kind of things? I'm sure they

:11:18.:11:21.

don't, but when you see the wonderful procession that happened

:11:22.:11:25.

down the Mall, how on earth would we do it if we hadn't removed the road

:11:26.:11:30.

islands and traffic lights. So to us it is a common occurrence that we

:11:31.:11:33.

have to do for something of this nature and doesn't it make a

:11:34.:11:35.

difference to the spectacle of the event? We have been talking about

:11:36.:11:39.

preparation but you also have a sizeable clean-up operation, that

:11:40.:11:42.

already starts before the parade ends? Never has the Mall been swept

:11:43.:11:49.

so often as it is today! So we were out again in the early hours of this

:11:50.:11:52.

morning making sure the Mall was swept so it was fit for the parade,

:11:53.:11:56.

but even while Trooping the Colour was taking place on Horse Guards

:11:57.:11:59.

Parade ground we were out again with the road sweeper before we saw the

:12:00.:12:03.

horses come back. As we speak, I have another team. Once upon a time,

:12:04.:12:07.

we would have done it by a hand brush, but now we use mechanical

:12:08.:12:12.

sweepers, we will be sweeping late into the day, after the fly-past by

:12:13.:12:16.

the RAF and the balcony appearance we will be working late into the

:12:17.:12:20.

afternoon to get back to normal. Once you finish the clean-up

:12:21.:12:23.

operation, what's next for the Passion team? I think feet up

:12:24.:12:27.

tomorrow, but we have the State Opening of Parliament on Wednesday,

:12:28.:12:30.

not with the procession that we normally expect because of change of

:12:31.:12:35.

dates and then in July we look forward to a state visit by the king

:12:36.:12:40.

and queen of Spain so that again will see the Mall transformed. So

:12:41.:12:45.

not a huge amount of rest before you have to get the team together again?

:12:46.:12:50.

We have very defined, what we call ceremonial seasons in St James'

:12:51.:12:54.

Park, it does keep us very busy for a period of time. Mark, huge

:12:55.:12:57.

congratulations to you and the whole team that we saw in that film.

:12:58.:13:01.

Everything has been looking splendid today. Congratulations. Thank you

:13:02.:13:06.

very much. Yes, well done to Mark and his

:13:07.:13:11.

entire team. This is the scene in Green Park, another of the Royal

:13:12.:13:16.

Parks where the King's Troop is riding into provide that 41 gun

:13:17.:13:22.

salute as they do on the day of the birth dae parade. There will be a 21

:13:23.:13:28.

gun salute for the Queen's official birthday and an additional 20 gun

:13:29.:13:31.

salute because it is taking place in a royal park. Let's not forget, of

:13:32.:13:41.

course, there is a gun salute to mark the official birthday, there is

:13:42.:13:49.

a gun salute on 21st April to mark Her Majesty's actual birthday. And,

:13:50.:13:57.

a week ago, for the colonel's review, at the parade ground, there

:13:58.:14:02.

are two reviews before the actual Birthday Parade, for the colonel's

:14:03.:14:07.

review, there was a gun salute provided too for the 96th birthday

:14:08.:14:11.

of the Duke of Edinburgh. So they have been very busy. That is quite

:14:12.:14:24.

an impressive sight, isn't it? Robert, you do wander when you

:14:25.:14:29.

emerge from that Palace balcony to be greeted by that, it's quite

:14:30.:14:33.

breathtaking? Well, as the Queen said this is a nation that's

:14:34.:14:37.

resolute and there is an enormous resolute body of people coming down

:14:38.:14:42.

there. No one will be dissuaded from coming along today for this great

:14:43.:14:45.

event. The one event of the year when you see all the Royal Family

:14:46.:14:49.

lined up together. We heard about flags there, the wonderful Royal

:14:50.:14:52.

Parks flag team who put the Union Flags up and down the Mall who have

:14:53.:14:57.

got to take them down shortly and put up Spanish ones, but among that

:14:58.:15:01.

crowd, flags of every nation the it is worth remembering the Queen is

:15:02.:15:04.

head of state of 15 other nations. 15 other realms and for them, it's a

:15:05.:15:10.

big day too. It is a big year this. For Canada, for example, in a

:15:11.:15:15.

fortnight's time, Canada will be marking 150 years of confederation.

:15:16.:15:19.

The Royal Family all will be at the heart of that. The Queen doesn't do

:15:20.:15:26.

long haul travel. There is a Canadian. We didn't plan that! So,

:15:27.:15:31.

The Prince of Wales will go to Canada representing the Queen for

:15:32.:15:34.

the festivities there, but the Queen will play a very big part in all the

:15:35.:15:42.

events that happen here too. For example the Princess Royal riding a

:15:43.:15:45.

horse called Sir John, a Canadian horse. So at every level the little

:15:46.:15:52.

connections big and small and the whole world is here today.

:15:53.:15:57.

A very big police presence in Central London. We saw the dozens of

:15:58.:16:03.

police officers trying to control this vast crowd as it makes its way

:16:04.:16:07.

down towards Buckingham Palace. It is a good moment again to reflect on

:16:08.:16:12.

the work done by the Metropolitan Police in recent days in West

:16:13.:16:15.

London, during the tragedy at Grenfell Tower but of course, all

:16:16.:16:19.

the emergency services, the Ambulance Service and of course the

:16:20.:16:24.

Fire Brigade, along with the police, who have performed such remarkable

:16:25.:16:28.

work and shown such courage and dedication, not just in London after

:16:29.:16:31.

the events of recent weeks but of course in Manchester, too. I suppose

:16:32.:16:35.

that is all part, Chris, of the great epic that is made across the

:16:36.:16:39.

Armed Forces and emergency services at times of great national need.

:16:40.:16:44.

Absolutely. The Armed Forces stand ready in the nation's need, as we

:16:45.:16:49.

saw that with Operation Temperer, when the alert state was raised

:16:50.:16:53.

after recent attacks, so we consider ourselves to be at the nation's

:16:54.:16:56.

service which is expressed admirably today in Trooping the Colour, but in

:16:57.:17:00.

lots of other, countless smaller events throughout the year and when

:17:01.:17:05.

we are required. So the King's Troop is ready to fire the salute in Green

:17:06.:17:10.

Park. We can now talk to a member of the King Street about to fire the

:17:11.:17:13.

salute in honour of the Queen's Birthday. -- of the King's Troop.

:17:14.:17:17.

Your stories connected with the Queen's Birthday Parade because you

:17:18.:17:22.

decided to join the King's Troop after seeing a photo of them

:17:23.:17:26.

parading up Trooping the Colour. I did, I always wanted to join the

:17:27.:17:29.

army but did not have a clue what I wanted to do and then I saw pictures

:17:30.:17:33.

of the King's Troop on Trooping the Colour and I said I would be that

:17:34.:17:37.

I've been there ever since. This year marks 100 years since women

:17:38.:17:40.

were formally allowed into the British Armed Forces. What is your

:17:41.:17:47.

experience as a in the army like? No different to any other soldier, all

:17:48.:17:50.

we want is someone who could do the job and do it well and there does

:17:51.:17:54.

not need to be an issue. It does not matter if you are male or female,

:17:55.:17:57.

short or tall, as long as you can do the job. The King's Troop in

:17:58.:18:01.

particular have been pioneers in terms of the number of women. It has

:18:02.:18:05.

been fairly equal at times between the sexes. It has come a yeah, and

:18:06.:18:09.

we are getting more and more females all the time, it is nearly 50-50.

:18:10.:18:16.

Keep coming! Is that what you would say to anyone thinking about joining

:18:17.:18:20.

the army but a bit hesitant? It's a great life, it is hard work and you

:18:21.:18:23.

have to be dedicated because you need to look after live animals all

:18:24.:18:26.

the time but as long as you are willing to work, it is. Great You

:18:27.:18:31.

are normally parading a busy doing something else, getting ready for

:18:32.:18:35.

the gun salutes so what have you made the parade today? I have not

:18:36.:18:39.

seen much of it but I'm sure I will catch up with it, run over and watch

:18:40.:18:43.

the Royal Salute and see how it goes but as usual, it will be fine. We

:18:44.:18:47.

must not miss that so I will let you go. Thank you for joining us.

:18:48.:18:59.

So, those lucky people at the front end of the crowd, they are the ones

:19:00.:19:05.

who will get the railings of the Palace first of all and they will be

:19:06.:19:08.

able to see close up the reaction of the Royal family when the Birthday

:19:09.:19:14.

Parade happens. This is the moment, Robert, when we see the flow of

:19:15.:19:18.

people, when we realise there is an exceptional crowd here today. Yes,

:19:19.:19:23.

looking right back up the Mall, you know, this is tens of thousands, I

:19:24.:19:27.

could not put a figure on it but it is a reflection of what an important

:19:28.:19:33.

event this is, not just for the people of London, the people of

:19:34.:19:36.

Britain but for people all over the world. I have met people in that

:19:37.:19:39.

crowd over the issue have flown in from as far afield as Australia just

:19:40.:19:43.

to be here. It is the day you see all the Royal family, you see

:19:44.:19:48.

everything that so many people think of as being great about Great

:19:49.:19:53.

Britain. Do you think we can say with confidence today that this

:19:54.:19:56.

crowd, which is an exceptionally big one, it seems to me, is something to

:19:57.:20:01.

do with an expression of solidarity with London and other parts of the

:20:02.:20:05.

UK that have been, you know, experiencing very difficult times

:20:06.:20:09.

recently? I think that is absolutely right, I think it is interesting,

:20:10.:20:13.

feeling the tone of the crowd, I think it is reflected by the Queen's

:20:14.:20:21.

message which in recent years, there has perhaps been a bit more euphoria

:20:22.:20:24.

and a sense of jubilation but today, people are very much here, proud,

:20:25.:20:27.

they want to be you, to be together, to see the Queen, but not quite the

:20:28.:20:30.

same exuberance that we have seen in previous years and I think that is

:20:31.:20:34.

precisely appropriate and that is what the Queen wants. As she said,

:20:35.:20:38.

this is a very sombre moment but we are united in sadness and without

:20:39.:20:42.

fear or favour, we are going to get things right. There is that

:20:43.:20:46.

combination, clearly lots of people here who are British but lots of

:20:47.:20:50.

tourists as well, and they are delighted to be here, to be part of

:20:51.:20:54.

one of the most impressive parades, one of the most impressive

:20:55.:20:56.

ceremonial events anywhere in the world. Let's talk to one of them

:20:57.:21:04.

now. I'm with 16-year-old Madison from

:21:05.:21:09.

Philadelphia, USA. What brought you today? We are here on a family

:21:10.:21:12.

vacation and we thought we were coming to see the changing of the

:21:13.:21:16.

guard and we got here and there were so many people, and I asked if this

:21:17.:21:20.

happens every day but then we asked wannabe police officers and they

:21:21.:21:23.

said, this is so special and the Royal family will come out, and I

:21:24.:21:27.

said, I don't care what we're doing the rest of the day, we have to see

:21:28.:21:31.

this. I love the fact you stumbled upon one of Britain's biggest

:21:32.:21:36.

parade! Yeah, I'm surprised, with everything, I never even knew about

:21:37.:21:39.

this, with all I know about the Royals. I'm glad you did and I hope

:21:40.:21:44.

you enjoy it. We can state officially this does

:21:45.:21:49.

not happen everyday! Just imagine if they advertised it! The King's

:21:50.:21:55.

Troop, ready to fire the first of the gun salute in Green Park. Six

:21:56.:22:01.

guns, formed up in a line abreast in the royal Parks.

:22:02.:22:17.

The gun salute echoing all over central London, telling the world,

:22:18.:23:45.

really, that the Birthday Parade has taken place and this is the day of

:23:46.:23:49.

the Queen's official birthday, and of course, as we saw earlier, the

:23:50.:23:52.

Queen accompanied once again by the Duke of Edinburgh, who has

:23:53.:23:57.

maintained his own close personal relationship with the service men

:23:58.:24:01.

and women. In 1953, the Duke was appointed Admiral of the feet, Field

:24:02.:24:05.

Marshal, Marshal of the Royal Air Force but as we were discussing, he

:24:06.:24:09.

is stepping down from lots of public and royal duties later this year.

:24:10.:24:24.

Like all of us who served in the Navy during the war, I lost many

:24:25.:24:30.

friends and shipmates who are commemorated here.

:24:31.:24:38.

His first salute is for the ship and it is her captain at Prince Philip

:24:39.:24:44.

now greets. Lieutenant Colonel R De Harper is now the guest and Prince

:24:45.:24:48.

Philip command says ship. -- Lieutenant Harper is now the guest.

:24:49.:25:09.

One of the great thing is that the services can do is they can take

:25:10.:25:14.

ordinary people and turn them into extraordinary people.

:25:15.:26:03.

And the crowd very soon we'll see the Duke of Edinburgh and the Queen

:26:04.:26:07.

and all the other members of the Royal family, the principal members,

:26:08.:26:11.

on the famous balcony at Buckingham Palace and it is a moment as well,

:26:12.:26:16.

Robert, or the family to show itself in all its generations. Very true,

:26:17.:26:23.

and as the film showed, the great contribution of the Duke to today's

:26:24.:26:26.

monarchy, I think everyone will be very conscious of the fact that we

:26:27.:26:30.

are here, that the monarchy is in such a strong and happy place at

:26:31.:26:35.

present. So much of that is down to the role the Duke has played over

:26:36.:26:43.

the years. He is always at the Queens side. I think for many

:26:44.:26:46.

people, that will be the abiding memory of today, the two of them in

:26:47.:26:51.

the carriage together. We have talked a lot about the relationship,

:26:52.:26:54.

for example, the Duke of Edinburgh and the Grenadier Guards. It is

:26:55.:26:58.

worth reflecting again on the very close bond that has built up in six

:26:59.:27:01.

years between the Duke of Cambridge of the Irish Guards. Absolutely, he

:27:02.:27:06.

is the kernel, he became the kernel in 2011 when we were in Afghanistan

:27:07.:27:10.

and that was a huge morale boost and on our return, he and the Duchess

:27:11.:27:13.

came to Windsor and presented us with our campaign medals and they

:27:14.:27:17.

presented Elizabeth crosses to the families of those who had been

:27:18.:27:20.

killed. He and the Duchess were absolutely brilliant and it really

:27:21.:27:23.

sealed their relationship with the regiment. They are part of the

:27:24.:27:24.

family. We are scanning the skies above

:27:25.:27:34.

central London because we want a bit of warning that the fly past is

:27:35.:27:39.

coming. While we wait for it, I don't think it is far-away, it is

:27:40.:27:43.

going to be with us in a couple of minutes. Some 29 aircraft. We are

:27:44.:27:50.

expecting eight elements to the bypassed. No one will enjoy it more

:27:51.:27:56.

than the Queen. She loves the birthday fly past which is why they

:27:57.:27:58.

are emerging on the balcony ready for it to take place. The Queen and

:27:59.:28:05.

the Duke leading the way. Cameras at the ready. And there are,

:28:06.:28:15.

we can see Princess Charlotte for the second year running making an

:28:16.:28:17.

appearance on the balcony and Prince George with them, who turns four

:28:18.:28:21.

next month, will start going to school in the autumn. For many of

:28:22.:28:26.

the people down there, I think that is a particularly memorable start.

:28:27.:28:30.

You can see him thinking, "I have been here before, I have seen this!"

:28:31.:28:36.

But a very happy scene. The Princess with a touch more curiosity. The

:28:37.:28:41.

Duke of Edinburgh, trying to generate some enthusiasm. For the

:28:42.:28:45.

Queen, an interesting point, we can see the guards' Roach, particularly

:28:46.:28:53.

important piece of jewellery on a day like today. They are in place

:28:54.:28:57.

and the fly past is about to happen because the first element is a

:28:58.:29:05.

Chinook and two Puma helicopters from RAF Benson. This is the first

:29:06.:29:12.

element. The Chinook, of course, with its distinctive twin rotors,

:29:13.:29:15.

can often be seen in the skies above London, the RAF uses it above London

:29:16.:29:22.

to train it screws in how to operate in complex environments so it is a

:29:23.:29:25.

very important piece of equipment for the royal air force. -- train

:29:26.:29:32.

its crews. A bit more excitement now the fly past is about to happen, he

:29:33.:29:36.

did not realise there would be something to look at. Of course, the

:29:37.:29:44.

Duke of Cambridge's career as an air ambulance pilot means he might be

:29:45.:29:48.

explaining it to Prince George. So we have the Chinook and the Puma.

:29:49.:30:02.

The captain of the Chinook, Squadron leader Jack Kyle and politely turned

:30:03.:30:07.

Gary McCabe for the Puma. Waving to the aircrew from the palace balcony.

:30:08.:30:18.

We are expecting a Hawker Hurricane and two Spitfires. These are from

:30:19.:30:25.

the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight. 2017 is a very special year

:30:26.:30:31.

for the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight. Celebrating their 60th

:30:32.:30:38.

anniversary. A round of applause for the Hurricane and Spitfires.

:30:39.:30:57.

And the Hurricane piloted by Andy. The third element, we have the

:30:58.:31:18.

Shadow and two King aircraft. Intelligence, surveillance, target,

:31:19.:31:23.

reconnaissance aircraft. That's the purpose of the Shadow R1. That's

:31:24.:31:30.

making quite an impression. It's quite a presence in the sky. It has

:31:31.:31:41.

to be said. The Hawk element is the C-17 Globemaster, three from RAF

:31:42.:31:46.

Brize Norton and we have a BAe 146 from RAF north folt. The C-17

:31:47.:31:51.

transporting huge amounts of freight and can do so over 4500 feet.

:31:52.:32:08.

The fifth element is the A4100 M atlas from RAF Brize Norton and we

:32:09.:32:24.

have the C 130 Hercules from RAF Brize Norton. As important heavy

:32:25.:32:44.

lift aircraft. We have fo Typhoons. Here comes the seventh element, the

:32:45.:32:49.

Voyager from RAF Brize Norton, the RAF's largest aircraft. This really

:32:50.:32:54.

does pass with a thundering boom across the skies. It is used for air

:32:55.:33:09.

to air refuelling and the two Tornadoes.

:33:10.:33:20.

We are waiting for the climax, the great display by the Red Arrows.

:33:21.:33:42.

Fantastic, patriotic sight of red, white and blue against that dazzling

:33:43.:33:48.

blue sky over Central London today. CHEERING AND APPLAUSE the Red Arrows

:33:49.:33:55.

in their 53rd season. A fitting end to the fly-past for this Queen's

:33:56.:34:03.

Birthday Parade. The Queen just surveying the scene.

:34:04.:34:06.

Enjoyed the fly-past. So the Queen and three generations

:34:07.:35:00.

of the Royal Family make their way back into Buckingham Palace. The

:35:01.:35:05.

Birthday Parade of 2017, the Queen's 91st year is at an end. Another

:35:06.:35:09.

superb display by everyone on

:35:10.:35:10.

Huw Edwards introduces live coverage of the world-renowned military parade to mark the official birthday of Her Majesty The Queen. This year the 1st Battalion Irish Guards troop their colour in this annual display of pageantry and music. After the parade, members of the royal family will join the Queen at Buckingham Palace to continue the celebrations with the famous balcony appearance and flypast.


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