22/09/2012 Click


22/09/2012

Click reports from the Amazon rainforest on what the locals make of their first mobile data network. Plus, how tech is moving from touch to gesture control.


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four attempted murders, too. That is it for me. Now it is time for

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Click. I just can get a signal. -- can't

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get a signal. Hello. Finally fix up to the net. This

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week, Click travels to the Brazilian rainforest to discover

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what the Amazonian sink about their first mobile network. And give us

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away. Will point you to the new ways to control your kit. Will also

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have the biggest tech news stories of the week. And were turning maths

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into art in Webscape. Welcome to Click. By Anne Spencer

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Kelly. These things are pretty handy, aren't they? -- I and

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Spencer Kelly. For developing nations, they are essential. Many

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have skipped putting telecom networks into the ground and have

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gone straight to mobile. There are not many places in the world where

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you can't get a signal these days. One such place until very recently

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was 300 miles up the Amazon river in Brazil, deep in the heart of the

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rainforest. That is where we sent our correspondent. Nothing personal.

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He was there to report on one of the last places on earth to get a

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signal. It's the end of a very rainy wet

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season. Rooftops dot the banks of the planet's longest river. From

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above, it would be easy to mistake this water world for a C. -- sea.

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Until risen slick, modern mobile telecoms were yet to reach you

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because of the logistics and the treetop can any -- the treetop

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canopy making signalled a problem. When we land, abode awaits us. We

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are hundreds of miles from the mouth of the Amazon, near Santarem.

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We float past a small resort that has seen much more rain than

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expected. While the rich and the Inter nationals living here have

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had satellite communications, until recently, locals had to write each

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other letters and sent them on the mail boat. Outside the main towns,

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land lines are still few and far between and unreliable. Today, on

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our boat, we've got something people here are quickly discovering

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is invaluable, we've got a signal. We've let the big boat behind and

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there in the middle of the river because I want to give you a sense

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of scale. This is one of the most remote places I've ever visited.

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Over there, you can see the shoreline is ten kilometres away.

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This week, is about eight kilometres behind me. It is one of

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the largest tributaries of the Amazon river. We have got two mass.

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There is one further down stream. They are covering the committees

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each side of the river. They are carrying both voice and data. --

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communities. The villagers have something to celebrate. It's not

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just our arrival. For the past 12 months, an experiment has been

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going on here. Its designers, including Ericsson, have come to

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see the results. The to deter a classroom set-up still remains but

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now there is something new. -- the traditional classroom set up.

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Now there is something you do get excited about. These net books are

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connected to the net through a Wi- Fi rotor which connects to the new

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network. It allows several computers at a time to access basic

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information for study and for play. They are running a bespoke

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streamlined operating system that runs apps on servers in the cloud.

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We had developed this with colleagues in India. We are trying

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to remove the complexity. We want to enable the cloud computer for

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education. This set-up means that any maintenance can be done from a

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central location. As well as the more familiar apps like Skype and

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e-mail, there are special services, too, like the education programme

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from the Khan Academy that we featured a Click a few months ago.

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Ericsson has set up a wide list of recommended sites that teachers

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here have agreed is appropriate for this age group. Running the entire

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system over the mobile data network means the set-up and is to be

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reliable. The mass them self- are fitted with solar panels and wind

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turbines. -- the masseds themselves. There are not many people with

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computer programmes and smart phones at the moment. They have

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practically got the network to themselves. Each of the 170

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committees who are covered by the signal will use it in a different

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way. Jonah walks the tightrope in the village circus and she has got

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an idea what she could do. TRANSLATION: Wrekin take pictures

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and videos of our sakes and show others what we do. -- we can take.

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We can ask people for more resources to expand. Although

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fairly expensive at the moment, mobile smart phones are proving a

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big hit with the children, too. The new mass want just changed lives

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through teaching. Bread-making is a big part of this family's business.

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The children play in the yard while the father collects honey. Before,

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he used to take it by boat to the market. Today, he knows exactly how

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much to collect and deliver as his customers have already placed a

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direct order. The bread and honey are ordered together. He cannot

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keep up with the increase in demand. The new network hasn't just become

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the life blood of business. For some, it has been a life-saver.

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Julie tells me of a friend who was bitten by a scorpion who managed to

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raise they are lead using a mobile phone. The man was spitting blood,

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he says. An emergency speed boat reached him just in time. What

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would have happened without the mobile-phone? TRANSLATION: He would

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have died. Some perks don't need translation. Agencies to work with

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local people along the riverbanks are very encouraged by initial

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results of the project. They say that access to the internet has

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held with adult literacy and the immediate warning that can be

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issued over the ball but Metcard has helped to half and went

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mentality. Giggle have given support to help to prevent illegal

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logging and to create -- trade carbon credits directly with the

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mobile market. -- global market. The doctor's waiting-room may well

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be a kitted out with life jackets. This boat is on tour. It has got a

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3G signal booster on board that means the doctors can consult with

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specialists at the hospital and order drug straight away. Dr Fabio

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says it's been invaluable for his student nurses who need to study

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and want to stay in touch with their families while on tour.

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For me, it is very important. We are beginning to teach the new

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students and a new doctor is that it is possible to make good

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medicines in fireplaces. Information transfers between the

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communities. -- FA places. Charities on the ground say that it

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can spread and strengthen local culture and makes the Amazon and

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more desirable place to live and work. Why has a big telecoms

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company like Ericsson got involved? It's not just to make the from look

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good. Our strategy in this area is definitely not philanthropic based.

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It's very much about demonstrating the capability for a government or

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a school or could ever to provide educational services far more

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efficiently, far more effectively in places that would be nearly

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impossible to reach, at least in the next decade, without this type

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of mobile broadband. There are still challenging Shia. Wages are

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low and, of this project is to expand, it will need affordable

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data charges and political will. The benefits that many of us take

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for granted are clear and obvious, even though the technology in this

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part of the world is still very young.

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That report from the Amazon rainforest. That was on the deeper

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connections that are changing and saving lives. Now look at this

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week's tech news. Microsoft is urging Internet Explorer users to

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download a free piece of security software from its website at the

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researchers found a rare type of security flop. The so-called is the

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road they exploit affects users on XP, the stand Windows 7 and allows

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hackers to take control of users' PCs. It will do little to stop the

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demise of the browser. Google chrome is now more popular. Sony

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will release a new slimline PlayStation 3. The new lightweight

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model will be out within the month and includes extra storage as well

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as the option of a flash storage drive for the UK market. The

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struggling electronics giant will hope it can breathe one final lease

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of life into the console before it releases an entirely new model,

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possibly at the end of next year. Google's newly acquired baby

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Motorola has released a new phone with an Intel chip as it tries to

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get a foothold in the smart phone space. The Razr I has 20 years of

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battery life. It studies the use of the handset before suggesting times

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to turn off onto his like Bluetooth and G Ps. As Apple's iPhone 5 makes

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his debut amid record orders, Samsung has taken a sideswipe at

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the new and site. -- handset. It posted an advert in the US showing

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off all the features the iPhone lacks compared to its flagship

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Now, a couple of weeks back we were at the IFA Tech Show in Berlin

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looking at the ways in which TV's can be controlled. This week, we

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had been trying out the new methods of controlling all your pieces of

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do It All Jim, from laptops and Since the beginning and machinery

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has revolved around physical human effort. With the rise of tablets

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and mobile touch-screen is driving the industry forward, we have moved

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away from high buttons to smooth and sexy surfaces. A couple of

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years ago Microsoft, Nintendo and Sony served up a new kind of

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interface. Gesture control has been branded as fun, active and engaging.

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To get people off the couch and on their feet. A novelty. Motion

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control is moving in a new direction. Away from the novelty

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towards the normal. Gestures are being marketed as a way of

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controlling all of you devices, whether it is your TV, laptop or

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mobile-phone. Without even laying a finger on them. When it comes to

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being able to use a gesture control, it is all about having the software.

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On most of these devices it will come installed. If you want to use

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it on your laptop, you could do a PowerPoint presentation or listen

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to music or search the Internet by using some slight gestures. We

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haven't Android tablet, if you are reading a book on that and you did

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not want to hold the Tablet, you did not want to press something to

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turn the page, knitting your hand across it just like this should

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allow you to look at the next page. -- moving your hand. On this mobile

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phone you have the software installed. It is deeply integrated

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into the operating system. It can be used with a lot of the

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telephone's functions. You can do a lot of things using gestures. With

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motion recognition been within the settings, you can switch it on or

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off the same way you do with a Bluetooth or Wi-Fi. Developers will

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use this technology when developing apps 4 iOS as well. The hardware

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required? A standard two de camera used in most mobile devices. -- 2D.

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If you want to watch a movie with your mates, say goodbye to fighting

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over the remote. There is not one. The camera uses a combination of

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face and hand recognition to focus on one person at a time. Any

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excitable children in the room were not lead to channel-hopping. If you

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keep on changing channels, moving your arms around a lot can get

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exhausting. Not to mention the fact you might look a bit silly. A new

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kind of gesture control is promising position by placing the

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power in these. Fingertip following is being rolled out to improve just

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to control. Microsoft released technology last year and other

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companies are now following. It not only Rafah is the interface but it

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also gives our arms a rest. -- refines. We want our users to adopt

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it. We are putting the effort and resources, we are doing the

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research and coming up with great technology using existing hardware

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has. Your camera contract your finger 4-5 metres away. The camera

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can be rather frustrating in picking up your movement. It needs

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time to focus on its subject. You need to make sure your face and

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fingers are in frame. It is not that intuitive. There are very

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specific motions one has to grasp. When it does feel like working

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eventually, it can be temperamental, there are a limited number of

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gesture can cross. Different people in different countries are using

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different gestures. What can be appropriate in one country can be

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rude in another. Is this really how we want to control our devices?

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Arguably, it is more reassuring and more useful to have direct physical

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contact with our gadget. Touch- screen manufacturers are now toying

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with the idea of going back to buttons. At the same time, not

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compromising their slick design. For one Californian company it

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means big business. We have physical buttons that come

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dynamically out of the touch screen. With the screen of the iPhone you

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would have physical buttons that rise out of the screen. You could

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feel them. You can press them up and down. Much like a normal

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digital keyboard. On my tablet computer, I want to write e-mails,

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I struggle to do that with the soft keyboard. The real benefit of what

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we're doing, you still get all the benefits of the touch screens, we

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are solving the remaining problem by making them tactile in a way

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that is dynamic. Until motion control becomes a more reliable and

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realistic method of using technology, fingers are likely to

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remain stuck to our screens and a handsets firmly in our hands. Lara

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Lewington taking the touch out of technology. It is time for Webscape.

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We begin with a topic which many of us struggled with at school.

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Geometry. Do not panic. I'll make this relatively painless. Kate

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Russell has found a new angle on an old subject. I like to get dressed

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up on a Friday night. I'm not going to subject you to my dancing as

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well as my singing, I am talking about geometry. Sketchometry is

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intended to be used by students learning about geometry. You can

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also make some pretty awesome pictures with it. It is built using

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html 5, it runs on all modern browsers. You are going to get a

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lot more out of this app if you use it on the tablet. The interface

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responds to mould the touch commands. It works on tablets with

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iOS or Android 4 and above. With a Cloud storage integration to up

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ledger -- up load your work, it is a nice educational aid. It puts the

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power of geometry at your fingertips. This media player has

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gained a reputation for being able to crunch through any type of file.

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Without having to download extra Codex and software to make a play.

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It has been imported to Android. I like to be organised. Some might

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say obsessively so. I have found a tool that helps me relax. It is

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Wunderkit. It lets you easily set up and manage projects with any

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number of people invited to help out through Facebook, Twitter or e-

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mail. Whether you are organising a team from a work project, arranging

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a group holiday or birthday party, were setting up a band with your

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mates, you can use this interface to make sure everybody knows what

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they're doing and gets it done. No excuses, nowhere to hide, brilliant.

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Projects can be public or private. A nice way to get followers to

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support and encourage and Endeavour. Track overall progress on the

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dashboard. It is all in one nicely packaged interface.

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Online education website coursera announced this week 70 new

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universities have signed up to offer free online courses covering

:22:22.:22:32.
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music, medicine and humanities. Redoubles their offering, reaching

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1.3 million students globally. Apple's latest operating system is

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being rolled out this week. IOS 6 improve camera function, Facebook,

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face time over mobile. Apple has declared independence from Google

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by removing YouTube integration and including their own maps service

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instead of their rival. Sadly, I have not been able to upgrade it

:23:04.:23:14.
:23:14.:23:14.

yet due to serve up overload. -- server. There has been a lot of

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dissatisfaction over the mac issue. The Apple forum on the website is a

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good place to start. Thank you. That was Kate Russell. She does

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Click reports from the Amazon rainforest on what the locals make of their first mobile data network. Plus, how tech is moving from touch to gesture control. Includes tech news and Webscape.


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