22/09/2012 Click


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four attempted murders, too. That is it for me. Now it is time for


Click. I just can get a signal. -- can't


get a signal. Hello. Finally fix up to the net. This


week, Click travels to the Brazilian rainforest to discover


what the Amazonian sink about their first mobile network. And give us


away. Will point you to the new ways to control your kit. Will also


have the biggest tech news stories of the week. And were turning maths


into art in Webscape. Welcome to Click. By Anne Spencer


Kelly. These things are pretty handy, aren't they? -- I and


Spencer Kelly. For developing nations, they are essential. Many


have skipped putting telecom networks into the ground and have


gone straight to mobile. There are not many places in the world where


you can't get a signal these days. One such place until very recently


was 300 miles up the Amazon river in Brazil, deep in the heart of the


rainforest. That is where we sent our correspondent. Nothing personal.


He was there to report on one of the last places on earth to get a


signal. It's the end of a very rainy wet


season. Rooftops dot the banks of the planet's longest river. From


above, it would be easy to mistake this water world for a C. -- sea.


Until risen slick, modern mobile telecoms were yet to reach you


because of the logistics and the treetop can any -- the treetop


canopy making signalled a problem. When we land, abode awaits us. We


are hundreds of miles from the mouth of the Amazon, near Santarem.


We float past a small resort that has seen much more rain than


expected. While the rich and the Inter nationals living here have


had satellite communications, until recently, locals had to write each


other letters and sent them on the mail boat. Outside the main towns,


land lines are still few and far between and unreliable. Today, on


our boat, we've got something people here are quickly discovering


is invaluable, we've got a signal. We've let the big boat behind and


there in the middle of the river because I want to give you a sense


of scale. This is one of the most remote places I've ever visited.


Over there, you can see the shoreline is ten kilometres away.


This week, is about eight kilometres behind me. It is one of


the largest tributaries of the Amazon river. We have got two mass.


There is one further down stream. They are covering the committees


each side of the river. They are carrying both voice and data. --


communities. The villagers have something to celebrate. It's not


just our arrival. For the past 12 months, an experiment has been


going on here. Its designers, including Ericsson, have come to


see the results. The to deter a classroom set-up still remains but


now there is something new. -- the traditional classroom set up.


Now there is something you do get excited about. These net books are


connected to the net through a Wi- Fi rotor which connects to the new


network. It allows several computers at a time to access basic


information for study and for play. They are running a bespoke


streamlined operating system that runs apps on servers in the cloud.


We had developed this with colleagues in India. We are trying


to remove the complexity. We want to enable the cloud computer for


education. This set-up means that any maintenance can be done from a


central location. As well as the more familiar apps like Skype and


e-mail, there are special services, too, like the education programme


from the Khan Academy that we featured a Click a few months ago.


Ericsson has set up a wide list of recommended sites that teachers


here have agreed is appropriate for this age group. Running the entire


system over the mobile data network means the set-up and is to be


reliable. The mass them self- are fitted with solar panels and wind


turbines. -- the masseds themselves. There are not many people with


computer programmes and smart phones at the moment. They have


practically got the network to themselves. Each of the 170


committees who are covered by the signal will use it in a different


way. Jonah walks the tightrope in the village circus and she has got


an idea what she could do. TRANSLATION: Wrekin take pictures


and videos of our sakes and show others what we do. -- we can take.


We can ask people for more resources to expand. Although


fairly expensive at the moment, mobile smart phones are proving a


big hit with the children, too. The new mass want just changed lives


through teaching. Bread-making is a big part of this family's business.


The children play in the yard while the father collects honey. Before,


he used to take it by boat to the market. Today, he knows exactly how


much to collect and deliver as his customers have already placed a


direct order. The bread and honey are ordered together. He cannot


keep up with the increase in demand. The new network hasn't just become


the life blood of business. For some, it has been a life-saver.


Julie tells me of a friend who was bitten by a scorpion who managed to


raise they are lead using a mobile phone. The man was spitting blood,


he says. An emergency speed boat reached him just in time. What


would have happened without the mobile-phone? TRANSLATION: He would


have died. Some perks don't need translation. Agencies to work with


local people along the riverbanks are very encouraged by initial


results of the project. They say that access to the internet has


held with adult literacy and the immediate warning that can be


issued over the ball but Metcard has helped to half and went


mentality. Giggle have given support to help to prevent illegal


logging and to create -- trade carbon credits directly with the


mobile market. -- global market. The doctor's waiting-room may well


be a kitted out with life jackets. This boat is on tour. It has got a


3G signal booster on board that means the doctors can consult with


specialists at the hospital and order drug straight away. Dr Fabio


says it's been invaluable for his student nurses who need to study


and want to stay in touch with their families while on tour.


For me, it is very important. We are beginning to teach the new


students and a new doctor is that it is possible to make good


medicines in fireplaces. Information transfers between the


communities. -- FA places. Charities on the ground say that it


can spread and strengthen local culture and makes the Amazon and


more desirable place to live and work. Why has a big telecoms


company like Ericsson got involved? It's not just to make the from look


good. Our strategy in this area is definitely not philanthropic based.


It's very much about demonstrating the capability for a government or


a school or could ever to provide educational services far more


efficiently, far more effectively in places that would be nearly


impossible to reach, at least in the next decade, without this type


of mobile broadband. There are still challenging Shia. Wages are


low and, of this project is to expand, it will need affordable


data charges and political will. The benefits that many of us take


for granted are clear and obvious, even though the technology in this


part of the world is still very young.


That report from the Amazon rainforest. That was on the deeper


connections that are changing and saving lives. Now look at this


week's tech news. Microsoft is urging Internet Explorer users to


download a free piece of security software from its website at the


researchers found a rare type of security flop. The so-called is the


road they exploit affects users on XP, the stand Windows 7 and allows


hackers to take control of users' PCs. It will do little to stop the


demise of the browser. Google chrome is now more popular. Sony


will release a new slimline PlayStation 3. The new lightweight


model will be out within the month and includes extra storage as well


as the option of a flash storage drive for the UK market. The


struggling electronics giant will hope it can breathe one final lease


of life into the console before it releases an entirely new model,


possibly at the end of next year. Google's newly acquired baby


Motorola has released a new phone with an Intel chip as it tries to


get a foothold in the smart phone space. The Razr I has 20 years of


battery life. It studies the use of the handset before suggesting times


to turn off onto his like Bluetooth and G Ps. As Apple's iPhone 5 makes


his debut amid record orders, Samsung has taken a sideswipe at


the new and site. -- handset. It posted an advert in the US showing


off all the features the iPhone lacks compared to its flagship


Now, a couple of weeks back we were at the IFA Tech Show in Berlin


looking at the ways in which TV's can be controlled. This week, we


had been trying out the new methods of controlling all your pieces of


do It All Jim, from laptops and Since the beginning and machinery


has revolved around physical human effort. With the rise of tablets


and mobile touch-screen is driving the industry forward, we have moved


away from high buttons to smooth and sexy surfaces. A couple of


years ago Microsoft, Nintendo and Sony served up a new kind of


interface. Gesture control has been branded as fun, active and engaging.


To get people off the couch and on their feet. A novelty. Motion


control is moving in a new direction. Away from the novelty


towards the normal. Gestures are being marketed as a way of


controlling all of you devices, whether it is your TV, laptop or


mobile-phone. Without even laying a finger on them. When it comes to


being able to use a gesture control, it is all about having the software.


On most of these devices it will come installed. If you want to use


it on your laptop, you could do a PowerPoint presentation or listen


to music or search the Internet by using some slight gestures. We


haven't Android tablet, if you are reading a book on that and you did


not want to hold the Tablet, you did not want to press something to


turn the page, knitting your hand across it just like this should


allow you to look at the next page. -- moving your hand. On this mobile


phone you have the software installed. It is deeply integrated


into the operating system. It can be used with a lot of the


telephone's functions. You can do a lot of things using gestures. With


motion recognition been within the settings, you can switch it on or


off the same way you do with a Bluetooth or Wi-Fi. Developers will


use this technology when developing apps 4 iOS as well. The hardware


required? A standard two de camera used in most mobile devices. -- 2D.


If you want to watch a movie with your mates, say goodbye to fighting


over the remote. There is not one. The camera uses a combination of


face and hand recognition to focus on one person at a time. Any


excitable children in the room were not lead to channel-hopping. If you


keep on changing channels, moving your arms around a lot can get


exhausting. Not to mention the fact you might look a bit silly. A new


kind of gesture control is promising position by placing the


power in these. Fingertip following is being rolled out to improve just


to control. Microsoft released technology last year and other


companies are now following. It not only Rafah is the interface but it


also gives our arms a rest. -- refines. We want our users to adopt


it. We are putting the effort and resources, we are doing the


research and coming up with great technology using existing hardware


has. Your camera contract your finger 4-5 metres away. The camera


can be rather frustrating in picking up your movement. It needs


time to focus on its subject. You need to make sure your face and


fingers are in frame. It is not that intuitive. There are very


specific motions one has to grasp. When it does feel like working


eventually, it can be temperamental, there are a limited number of


gesture can cross. Different people in different countries are using


different gestures. What can be appropriate in one country can be


rude in another. Is this really how we want to control our devices?


Arguably, it is more reassuring and more useful to have direct physical


contact with our gadget. Touch- screen manufacturers are now toying


with the idea of going back to buttons. At the same time, not


compromising their slick design. For one Californian company it


means big business. We have physical buttons that come


dynamically out of the touch screen. With the screen of the iPhone you


would have physical buttons that rise out of the screen. You could


feel them. You can press them up and down. Much like a normal


digital keyboard. On my tablet computer, I want to write e-mails,


I struggle to do that with the soft keyboard. The real benefit of what


we're doing, you still get all the benefits of the touch screens, we


are solving the remaining problem by making them tactile in a way


that is dynamic. Until motion control becomes a more reliable and


realistic method of using technology, fingers are likely to


remain stuck to our screens and a handsets firmly in our hands. Lara


Lewington taking the touch out of technology. It is time for Webscape.


We begin with a topic which many of us struggled with at school.


Geometry. Do not panic. I'll make this relatively painless. Kate


Russell has found a new angle on an old subject. I like to get dressed


up on a Friday night. I'm not going to subject you to my dancing as


well as my singing, I am talking about geometry. Sketchometry is


intended to be used by students learning about geometry. You can


also make some pretty awesome pictures with it. It is built using


html 5, it runs on all modern browsers. You are going to get a


lot more out of this app if you use it on the tablet. The interface


responds to mould the touch commands. It works on tablets with


iOS or Android 4 and above. With a Cloud storage integration to up


ledger -- up load your work, it is a nice educational aid. It puts the


power of geometry at your fingertips. This media player has


gained a reputation for being able to crunch through any type of file.


Without having to download extra Codex and software to make a play.


It has been imported to Android. I like to be organised. Some might


say obsessively so. I have found a tool that helps me relax. It is


Wunderkit. It lets you easily set up and manage projects with any


number of people invited to help out through Facebook, Twitter or e-


mail. Whether you are organising a team from a work project, arranging


a group holiday or birthday party, were setting up a band with your


mates, you can use this interface to make sure everybody knows what


they're doing and gets it done. No excuses, nowhere to hide, brilliant.


Projects can be public or private. A nice way to get followers to


support and encourage and Endeavour. Track overall progress on the


dashboard. It is all in one nicely packaged interface.


Online education website coursera announced this week 70 new


universities have signed up to offer free online courses covering


music, medicine and humanities. Redoubles their offering, reaching


1.3 million students globally. Apple's latest operating system is


being rolled out this week. IOS 6 improve camera function, Facebook,


face time over mobile. Apple has declared independence from Google


by removing YouTube integration and including their own maps service


instead of their rival. Sadly, I have not been able to upgrade it


yet due to serve up overload. -- server. There has been a lot of


dissatisfaction over the mac issue. The Apple forum on the website is a


good place to start. Thank you. That was Kate Russell. She does


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